CN109631361A - A kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator - Google Patents

A kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109631361A
CN109631361A CN201811492419.8A CN201811492419A CN109631361A CN 109631361 A CN109631361 A CN 109631361A CN 201811492419 A CN201811492419 A CN 201811492419A CN 109631361 A CN109631361 A CN 109631361A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
fixed
disc type
type solar
heat collector
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811492419.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Original Assignee
吕洪良
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Application filed by 吕洪良 filed Critical 吕洪良
Priority to CN201811492419.8A priority Critical patent/CN109631361A/en
Publication of CN109631361A publication Critical patent/CN109631361A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/06Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays
    • F03G6/068Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with means for concentrating solar rays having a Stirling cycle

Abstract

The present invention relates to photo-thermal power generation equipment technical fields, and disclose a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator, including support base, the inner wall movable sleeve of the support base is connected to rotatable platform, the side on the rotatable platform top is fixedly installed with heat collector, and the middle part on the heat collector top is equipped with absorber plate.The disc type solar energy light heat generator, pass through fixed block, the setting of circular through hole on negative Fresnel Lenses and fixed bracket, it can will throw on face condenser and reflect the sunlight gathered and be reflected into parallel light again, compared with prior art, sunray is gathered to the lower section for throwing face condenser through Secondary Emission, it is mounted in the air without being fixed, the device is effectively reduced for the support loads of heat collector and the influence of wind load, it avoids the problem that causing to throw face condenser generation and squeeze to rupture because fixed frame is squeezed deformation, improve the stability and reliability of the disc type solar energy.

Description

A kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator

Technical field

The present invention relates to photo-thermal power generation equipment technical field, specially a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator.

Background technique

Photo-thermal solar energy is that sunlight is collected in certain region by way of optically focused, to heat heat transfer stream Body, then it is converted into electric energy through engine or generator, currently, photo-thermal solar energy is mainly using reflective optic system System, solar energy is gathered on heat collector through reflective surface comprising linear concentrator formula, dish-style and tower etc., due to The opposite generating efficiency of dish-style is higher, can be independently distributed operation, the continuous power generation of settled date tracking can be achieved and occupied area is small etc. Advantage, and widely it is used in the outlying district for being badly in need of electric power supplement.

But the condenser in existing disc type solar energy is fixedly mounted at the top position of mirror surface, and due to The volume of itself is larger, other than the effect by self gravity load, also suffers from the influence of the factors such as wind load, therefore It is easy to cause fixed frame to be plastically deformed during long-time service, and then leads to deformable squeeze of the mirror surface because of fixed frame And rupture, the stability and reliability of structure are poor, while condenser need to also be with mirror surface long-term rotation at high temperature Turn, power output is larger, energy consumption is higher, and moving in rotation at high temperature, easily the shapes such as generation joint broken, pipeline breakage Condition seriously reduces the service life of condenser in disc type solar energy, increases the cost of its installation and maintenance.

Summary of the invention

(1) the technical issues of solving

The present invention provides a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator, have stability is good, service life is long, maintenance at This low advantage solves the top position that the condenser in existing disc type solar energy is fixedly mounted at mirror surface, And since the volume of itself is larger, other than the effect by self gravity load, the factors such as wind load are also suffered from It influences, therefore be easy to cause fixed frame to be plastically deformed during long-time service, and then cause mirror surface because of fixed frame Deformable squeeze and rupture, the stability and reliability of structure are poor, while condenser need to also be as mirror surface be in high temperature Long-term rotation down, power output is larger, energy consumption is higher, and moving in rotation at high temperature, easily generation joint broken, pipe The situations such as road breakage seriously reduce the service life of condenser in disc type solar energy, increase its installation and maintenance cost Problem.

(2) technical solution

The invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator, including support base, the branch The inner wall movable sleeve of support pedestal is connected to rotatable platform, and the side on the rotatable platform top is fixedly installed with heat collector, the collection The middle part on hot device top is equipped with absorber plate, is fixedly installed with back-shaped heat conducting pipe at the top of the heat collector inner cavity, and back-shaped thermally conductive The both ends of pipe are fixedly installed with return pipe, and the other side on the rotatable platform top is fixedly installed with Stirling unit, and two groups The other end of the return pipe extends through and extends to the outside of heat collector and form flow with the inside of Stirling unit and returns Road, the equal movable sleeve in front and rear sides on the rotatable platform top is connected to adjustment bracket, and the two sides for adjusting cantilever tip are equipped with The top of fixed triangle frame, the fixed triangle frame is fixedly installed with fixed bracket, and four groups of fixed triangle framves point all around Four corners of bracket bottom end Wei Yu not be fixed, the support bracket fastened top, which is equipped with, throws face condenser, and fixed top of support Three groups of support frames are uniformly equipped with around end, the top of support frame as described above is fixedly installed with fixed block, the bottom of the fixed block End is equipped with negative Fresnel Lenses.

Preferably, the bottom of the heat collector inner cavity is equipped with Liquid Sodium, and the liquid level of Liquid Sodium is lower than back-shaped thermally conductive The height of pipe, while being in 120 ° of inclinations angle between the two sides of heat collector inner cavity.

Preferably, the shape of the absorber plate cross section is arc, and the radian size of absorber plate is 1.57rad.

Preferably, the support bracket fastened bottom end offers circular through hole, and the internal diameter of circular through hole is greater than negative Fresnel Lens can reflection light maximum gauge.

(3) beneficial effect

The present invention have it is following the utility model has the advantages that

1, disc type solar energy light heat generator, by round logical on fixed block, negative Fresnel Lenses and fixed bracket The setting in hole can will throw on face condenser and reflect the sunlight gathered and be reflected into parallel light again, penetrate through circular through hole Onto absorber plate, to the heat in solar energy is gathered in heat collector, compared with prior art, by sunray through secondary Reflection gathers the lower section for throwing face condenser, and heat collector is fixedly mounted on the ground, is mounted on without being fixed In the air, the device is effectively reduced for the support loads of heat collector and the influence of wind load, is avoided because of fixed frame Be squeezed deformation and cause throw face condenser occur squeeze rupture the problem of, improve the disc type solar energy stability and can By property.

2, the disc type solar energy light heat generator utilizes suction by the setting of heat collector, absorber plate and back-shaped heat conducting pipe Hot plate absorbs the thermal energy on the sunray that negative Fresnel Lenses reflects, and then recycles the back-shaped heat conducting pipe by solar heat Stirling unit can be passed to, while individually following the sun to revolve on fixed bracket and throwing face condenser using adjustment bracket Transfer is dynamic, and heat collector and Stirling unit compared with prior art, are effectively reduced without following throwing face condenser to move together The power output of the device reduces energy consumption when device operation, while avoiding heat collector and Stirling unit in length Under phase high temperature when moving in rotation, the problem of joint broken, pipeline breakage occurs, effectively extends the service life of the device, Reduce the cost of installation and the maintenance of the device.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;

Fig. 2 is the connection schematic diagram of structure of the invention rotatable platform and absorber plate;

Fig. 3 is the top view of structure of the invention rotatable platform;

Fig. 4 is structure of the invention heat collector cross-sectional view.

In figure: 1, support base;2, rotatable platform;3, heat collector;4, absorber plate;5, back-shaped heat conducting pipe;6, return pipe;7, Stirling unit;8, bracket is adjusted;9, fixed triangle frame;10, fixed bracket;11, face condenser is thrown;12, support frame;13, solid Determine block;14, negative Fresnel Lenses.

Specific embodiment

Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Please refer to Fig. 1-4, a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator, including support base 1, the inner wall of support base 1 Movable sleeve is connected to rotatable platform 2, and the side on 2 top of rotatable platform is fixedly installed with heat collector 3, and heat collector is set in the middle part of 3 top There is absorber plate 4, back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5, and the fixed peace in the both ends of back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5 are fixedly installed at the top of 3 inner cavity of heat collector Equipped with return pipe 6, the other side on 2 top of rotatable platform is fixedly installed with Stirling unit 7, the other end point of two groups of return pipes 6 Do not run through and extends to the outside of heat collector 3 and form flow circuit with the inside of Stirling unit 7,2 top of rotatable platform The equal movable sleeve in front and rear sides is connected to adjustment bracket 8, and the two sides for adjusting 8 top of bracket are equipped with fixed triangle frame 9, fixed triangle The top of frame 9 is fixedly installed with fixed bracket 10, and all around four groups of fixed triangle framves 9 are located at fixed 10 bottom end of bracket Four corners, the top of fixed bracket 10, which is equipped with, throws face condenser 11, and uniformly sets around fixed 10 top of bracket There are three groups of support frames 12, the top of support frame 12 is fixedly installed with fixed block 13, and it is saturating that the bottom end of fixed block 13 is equipped with negative Fresnel The side of mirror 14,2 top of rotatable platform is equipped with controller, and the setting for controller can transport the sun in the installation region Capable track input is entered, in order to which it can automatically adjust the position of throwing face condenser 11 according to the change in location of the sun It sets.

In the technical program, the bottom of 3 inner cavity of heat collector is equipped with Liquid Sodium, and the liquid level of Liquid Sodium is led lower than back-shaped The height of heat pipe 5, while being in 120 ° of inclinations angle between the two sides of 3 inner cavity of heat collector, for setting for 3 inner cavity Liquid Sodium of heat collector Set, under the action of gaseous sodium so that the intussusception heat of back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5 is more uniform, improve absorber plate 4 with it is back-shaped thermally conductive Heat transfer efficiency between pipe 5, simultaneously for the setting of 3 inner cavity two sides tilt angle of heat collector, so that the liquefaction of gaseous sodium is solidifying After knot, the bottom of 3 inner cavity of heat collector can be quickly dropped into, will not be adhered on the inner wall of heat collector 3, while increasing liquid Contact area between 3 inner wall of state sodium and heat collector, further improves the heat transfer efficiency of heat collector 3.

In the technical program, the shape of 4 cross section of absorber plate is arc, and the radian size of absorber plate 4 is 1.57rad, Setting for absorber plate 41.57rad radian allows the sunray that reflects from negative Fresnel Lenses 14 vertical It projects on absorber plate 4, it is ensured that sunray can be absorbed by absorber plate 4 to the full extent, while can guarantee negative phenanthrene The sunray that Nie Er lens 14 reflect can arrive completely in the range of receiving for projecting absorber plate 4.

In the technical program, the bottom end of fixed bracket 10 offers circular through hole, and the internal diameter of circular through hole is greater than negative phenanthrene Nie Er lens 14 can reflection light maximum gauge, the setting for circular through hole and its size on fixed bracket 10, it is ensured that The light that negative Fresnel Lenses 14 reflects can project completely on absorber plate 4, will not be blocked, block.

The application method and working principle of the present embodiment:

Firstly, the variation of the solar elevation of the device operating area is input in the controller of the device, then again According to solar elevation, under the action of support base 1 and rotatable platform 2, horizontally rotates adjustment bracket 8 and to throw face condenser 11 mirror surface faces the sun, later rotational adjustment bracket 8 again, and the throwing for throwing face condenser 11 is adjusted according to the real time position of the sun Firing angle degree, so that sunray gathers on negative Fresnel Lenses 14 when being injected into throwing face condenser 11 through reflection, through negative Parallel sunray is passed through the circular through hole on fixed bracket 10 and is mapped to absorber plate 4 by the reflex of Fresnel Lenses 14 On, since absorber plate 4 is using arcuate structure, therefore most of its light that can be reflected with negative Fresnel Lenses 14 is upper in vertical Straight relationship allows to receive solar energy to the full extent, while can effectively guarantee the sunray reflected The range of receiving of absorber plate 4 is not exceeded, and the thermal energy a portion received in absorber plate 4 is directly inhaled by back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5 It receives, and major part can then be absorbed by the Liquid Sodium of 3 bottom of heat collector, when the temperature of Liquid Sodium reaches 700 DEG C, Liquid Sodium will Evaporation, gaseous sodium can move up when encountering back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5, coagulate change after transferring heat to back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5 At liquid state, the bottom of 3 inner cavity of heat collector is dropped into again, continues endothermic gasification, and the heat in back-shaped heat conducting pipe 5 then passes through back Flow tube 6 is directly passed to Stirling unit 7, drives Stirling unit 7 to work and simultaneously produces electricl energy, then by this time time and shape State is set as the original state of the device, starts the device completely, under the action of support base 1 and rotatable platform 2, so that should Device can drive throwing face condenser 11 automatically to follow the variation of the sun and rotate, and in rotatable platform 2 and fixed bracket 10 Under the action of, which is driven and throws face condenser 11 and automatically follows the variation of solar elevation and rotationally-varying.

It should be noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.

It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator, including support base (1), it is characterised in that: the support base (1) Inner wall movable sleeve is connected to rotatable platform (2), and the side on rotatable platform (2) top is fixedly installed with heat collector (3), the collection The middle part on hot device (3) top is equipped with absorber plate (4), is fixedly installed with back-shaped heat conducting pipe at the top of heat collector (3) inner cavity (5), and the both ends of back-shaped heat conducting pipe (5) are fixedly installed with return pipe (6), and the other side on rotatable platform (2) top is solid Dingan County is equipped with Stirling unit (7), and the other end of return pipe described in two groups (6) extends through and extends to the outer of heat collector (3) Portion and with the inside of Stirling unit (7) formed flow circuit, the equal pivot bush unit in front and rear sides on rotatable platform (2) top Have adjustment bracket (8), and the two sides for adjusting bracket (8) top are equipped with fixed triangle frame (9), the fixed triangle frame (9) Top is fixedly installed with fixed bracket (10), and all around four groups of fixed triangle framves (9) are located at fixed bracket (10) bottom Four corners at end, the top of the fixed bracket (10), which is equipped with, throws face condenser (11), and fixed bracket (10) top Surrounding is uniformly equipped with three groups of support frames (12), and the top of support frame as described above (12) is fixedly installed with fixed block (13), described solid The bottom end for determining block (13) is equipped with negative Fresnel Lenses (14).
2. a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the heat collector (3) The bottom of inner cavity is equipped with Liquid Sodium, and the liquid level of Liquid Sodium is lower than the height of back-shaped heat conducting pipe (5), while heat collector (3) It is in 120 ° of inclinations angle between the two sides of inner cavity.
3. a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the absorber plate (4) The shape of cross section is arc, and the radian size of absorber plate (4) is 1.57rad.
4. a kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the fixed bracket (10) bottom end offers circular through hole, and the internal diameter of circular through hole is greater than negative Fresnel Lenses (14) institute energy reflection light most Major diameter.
CN201811492419.8A 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 A kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator CN109631361A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811492419.8A CN109631361A (en) 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 A kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811492419.8A CN109631361A (en) 2018-12-07 2018-12-07 A kind of disc type solar energy light heat generator

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4425905A (en) * 1981-07-18 1984-01-17 Kei Mori Sunlight collecting and concentrating apparatus
CN2597893Y (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-01-07 中国科学院电工研究所 Solar energy-gas mixed heat absorber
CN101098113A (en) * 2006-06-29 2008-01-02 中国科学技术大学 Plane grid two-dimensional sun-tracing photovoltaic generator
CN102105998A (en) * 2008-05-12 2011-06-22 亚利桑那大学董事会 Solar concentrator apparatus with large, multiple, co-axial dish reflectors
CN103629829A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-12 万斌 Stirling heat engine solar heat collector
CN104567017A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-29 十堰榔梅实业有限公司 Arc-shaped track type solar universal fixed-focal concentration device and solar heat collecting device
CN204721288U (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-10-21 詹广强 A kind of light-focusing type Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT)
CN106123368A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-16 佛山市开信光电有限公司 A kind of novel dish type solar energy hot systems and installation method thereof
US9660122B2 (en) * 2010-02-09 2017-05-23 Raymond Tan Compact LCPV solar electric generator
CN206506410U (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-09-19 西部国际绿色能源斯特林(贵州)智能装备制造有限公司 A kind of Fresnel Lenses optically focused Stirling electricity generation system

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4425905A (en) * 1981-07-18 1984-01-17 Kei Mori Sunlight collecting and concentrating apparatus
CN2597893Y (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-01-07 中国科学院电工研究所 Solar energy-gas mixed heat absorber
CN101098113A (en) * 2006-06-29 2008-01-02 中国科学技术大学 Plane grid two-dimensional sun-tracing photovoltaic generator
CN102105998A (en) * 2008-05-12 2011-06-22 亚利桑那大学董事会 Solar concentrator apparatus with large, multiple, co-axial dish reflectors
US9660122B2 (en) * 2010-02-09 2017-05-23 Raymond Tan Compact LCPV solar electric generator
CN103629829A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-12 万斌 Stirling heat engine solar heat collector
CN104567017A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-04-29 十堰榔梅实业有限公司 Arc-shaped track type solar universal fixed-focal concentration device and solar heat collecting device
CN204721288U (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-10-21 詹广强 A kind of light-focusing type Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT)
CN106123368A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-16 佛山市开信光电有限公司 A kind of novel dish type solar energy hot systems and installation method thereof
CN206506410U (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-09-19 西部国际绿色能源斯特林(贵州)智能装备制造有限公司 A kind of Fresnel Lenses optically focused Stirling electricity generation system

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