CN109624816A - Lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology - Google Patents

Lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109624816A
CN109624816A CN201811245044.5A CN201811245044A CN109624816A CN 109624816 A CN109624816 A CN 109624816A CN 201811245044 A CN201811245044 A CN 201811245044A CN 109624816 A CN109624816 A CN 109624816A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
container
cargo
pallet fork
charging crane
bearing
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201811245044.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐卫
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201811245044.5A priority Critical patent/CN109624816A/en
Publication of CN109624816A publication Critical patent/CN109624816A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/36Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading using endless chains or belts thereon
    • B60P1/38Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading using endless chains or belts thereon forming the main load-transporting element or part thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P1/00Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading
    • B60P1/44Vehicles predominantly for transporting loads and modified to facilitate loading, consolidating the load, or unloading having a loading platform thereon raising the load to the level of the load-transporting element

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Loading Or Unloading Of Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of lorries that can anywhere use to be layered automatic loading and unloading technology, including mobile charging crane cargo layering conveying mechanism in container and can pass in and out container.It is characterized by: the cargo layering conveying mechanism is equipped with bilevel, each three conveyor chains in left, center, right and chain motor;The charging crane is equipped with the device for making the device of entire charging crane disengaging container, bearing goods move up and down and makes the device of flexible insertion (extraction) the cargo bottom of pallet fork.The of the invention cargo for being mainly characterized by adapting to the scattered freight demands of the overwhelming majority improves efficiency of loading, adapts to almost all of handling scene, saves duration of handling, reduction handling operation cost.

Description

Lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology
Technical field
Technical solution of the present invention is related to handling technique, and specifically a kind of lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology.
Background technique
In cargo transport industry, the primitive approach of handling operation and transport has very big drawback.First in handling operation When, generally at least will two people's common operationals, cargo passed goods (connecing goods) in container, a people also wanted to exist by a people The external goods of vehicle (passing goods), this has resulted in a large amount of time waste and high labour cost, this original handling operation hand Section makes national logistics level compared with developed country in backward state.
One container, can not largely be attached to most full by the transport of bulk cargo, in other words cannot fill cargo To the most effective loading condition of wagon cargo box, especially short-distance transport calculates one cargo is only attached to 20% to the 40% of container Vehicle cargo transport, greatly reduces conevying efficiency.
There are two types of existing lorry handling techniques.The first is that hydraulic stem jacks up entire container, by the cargo in container The method disposably toppled over, this method have only accomplished the function of automatic unloading, the function of not freighting automatically, and cannot be guaranteed The integrality and safety of cargo.Second is the method for installing chain-linked conveyer additional in container, and such cargo can be from warehouse It is interior to be moved in wagon cargo box always along conveyer, to achieve the purpose that automatic loading and unloading.But this technology is with non- Often high limitation, the lorry equipped with this functionality have to specific railway platform height and are equipped with the local ability of identical conveyer Using the function of automatic loading and unloading, the practicability of technology is greatly reduced.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of lorry layering automatic loading and unloading technology.Its energy The efficiency of loading of wagon cargo box is improved, cargo can be sent in wagon cargo box from forking on the ground by it, it can be by cargo out of container It forks and is transported on the ground.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention is to provide a kind of lorry layering automatic loading and unloading technology, including cargo is layered in container Conveying mechanism and the mobile charging crane that container can be passed in and out.It is characterized by: the cargo layering conveying mechanism is equipped with upper and lower two Layer, each three conveyor chains in left, center, right and chain motor;The charging crane, which is equipped with, makes entire charging crane disengaging container Device, the device that moves up and down of bearing goods and the flexible device of pallet fork.
The cargo layering conveying mechanism provides kinetic energy, intermediate chain by chain motor point operation control for intermediate conveyor chain Transport of kinetic energy to both ends chain is driven cargo movement by chain transmission axle by item;The left, center, right chain and axis and chain Motor is a group, is distributed in container bottom and container center, and container is made to be divided into two parts up and down.
The device for making entire charging crane disengaging container, one end is fixed on one end in container and fixes charging crane, makes It obtains entire handler and steadily passes in and out container under the stretching action of horizontal electric hydraulic stem, horizontal electric hydraulic stem has left and right tight Two for pasting container inner wall.
The device that the bearing goods move up and down be divided into container in upper layer to container in bottom and container bottom to Two, face stroke, two strokes all paths determined by sliding rail and sliding block move.Bottom in upper layer to container in the container Stroke drives lead screw to be used as power by spindle motor, and bottom is moved to ground stroke by the offer of vertical electric hydaulic bar in the container Power.
The pallet fork telescopic device is vertically fixed on the bottom of cargo vertical motion device, is mainly slided by pallet fork, support Dynamic bearing, spur rack, gear, transmission shaft and pallet fork telescope motor are constituted, and pallet fork can be under the action of motor and transmission shaft, along branch The elastic movement of sliding bearing is supportted, to be inserted or pulled out cargo bottom.
The chain motor, spindle motor, pallet fork telescope motor, horizontal electric hydraulic stem and vertical electric hydaulic bar all add Remote control reception end is filled, everything is completed by hand-held remote controller.
The invention has the benefit that
1. layered approach adapts to the cargo of the scattered freight demands of the overwhelming majority above and below container.
2. layered approach can effectively improve container loading density to container up and down, to improve container efficiency of loading.
3. automatic loading and unloading technology adapts to all cargo handling scenes.
4. substantially reducing handling operation cost.
5. effectively reducing duration of handling.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is container and charging crane entirety side view;
Fig. 2 is the rearview being layered in container;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of sprocket wheel, bearing portions;
Fig. 4 is charging crane rearview;
Fig. 5 is upper and lower decker figure;
Fig. 6 is the device figure for making entire charging crane disengaging container;
Fig. 7 is entire charging crane side view;
Fig. 8 is pallet fork telescopic device side view;
Fig. 9 is pallet fork telescopic device rearview.
Specific embodiment
In conjunction with Figure of description and embodiment, elaborate to the present invention.
Embodiment
If Fig. 1 is container and charging crane entirety side view, support frame 6 is that aluminum alloy materials provide for entire technical equipment Support.Fig. 5 is upper and lower decker figure, and Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of sprocket wheel, bearing portions, and Fig. 2 is the rearview being layered in container, The rotation of chain motor 2 drives the rotation of an intermediate conveyor chain 4, and an intermediate chain 4 will be moved by chain transmission axle 34 It can be transmitted to the conveyor chain 4 on both sides, so that the cargo above chain moves, chain drive along the movement of chain Axis 34 is fixed on support frame 6 by rolling bearing units 35.
Fig. 6 is the device figure for making entire charging crane disengaging container, fixed 5 length 1500mm of guide rail and fixed sliding block 9 Interphase is fixed on support frame 6 away from 1000mm.7 back side of sliding slider is fixed on one end of slide rail 10, positive surface roller It is mounted on fixed guide rail 5, slide rail is mounted on fixed sliding block 9, enables slide rail along fixed guide rail sliding.It is above-mentioned The fixed guide rail 5 of 4 components, fixed sliding block 9, moving guide rail 10 and mobile sliding block 7 are a group, and one shares 4 groups fixes two-by-two In the two sides for the support frame 6 for being close to container, two groups of spacing 600mm up and down of every side, 10 container of slide rail outer one of 4 groups On four angles for holding the aluminium alloy sheet 22 for being fixed on " mouth " font, cargo up-down mechanism is fixed on aluminium alloy sheet; The both ends of aluminium alloy sheet 8 are separately fixed on two slide rails 10 up and down, and pedestal one end of electronic horizontal hydraulic stem 3 is fixed On support frame 6, pole point hinge-connection is on aluminium alloy sheet 8.Electric hydaulic bar 3 stretches (contracting) effect for entire charging crane Release (drawing in) container.
Fig. 4 is charging crane rearview, and the inside of inverted " U " font guide rail 12 is track, inverted " U " font guide rail 12 Bottom is aligned with 22 bottom end of " mouth " font aluminium alloy sheet and is fixed in the above between two parties, and bottom both ends difference fixed idler whell is inside Fixation sliding block 24;The outside of " mouth " font guide rail 14 is track, and the outside sliding of top fixed idler whell of the right and left is sliding Block 23, the inside pallet fork guide rail 25 of the both ends trapped orbit of 14 inside of " mouth " font guide rail;The idler wheel of fixed sliding block 24 is mounted on On " mouth " font guide rail, the idler wheel of sliding slider 23 is mounted on inverted " U " font guide rail, enables 14 edge of " mouth " font guide rail Inverted " U " font guide rail moves up and down.
The pedestal and oil pressure motor 11 of vertical bidirectional electric hydraulic stem 15 are fixed on the top of inverted " U " font guide rail 12 between two parties Portion, the pole point of vertical bidirectional electric hydraulic stem 15 is hinged on the bottom of " mouth " font guide rail 14 between two parties, in vertical bidirectional electric Under the action of hydraulic stem 15, " mouth " font guide rail can move up and down along inverted " U " font guide rail 12.Spindle motor 32, shaft coupling One end of device 33 and screw rod 13 is driven the top for installing and being fixed between two parties " mouth " font guide rail two-by-two, and the other end of screw rod 13 is solid It is scheduled on the bottom of " mouth " font guide rail 14;The idler wheel surface of two pieces of sliding sliders 26 is mounted on pallet fork guide rail 25, U-typed aluminium alloy The opening upwards of plate 27, and the left and right sides is separately fixed at the inside of two pieces of sliding sliders 26, the nut seat 17 of feed screw nut The back side is the aluminium sheet of an entirety, and both sides extend the opening inner side for being separately fixed at U-typed aluminium alloy plate 27, so that U-typed aluminium Alloy sheets 27 move up and down under the rotation of lead screw along lead screw and pallet fork guide rail 25.
Fig. 8 is pallet fork telescopic device side view, and Fig. 9 is pallet fork telescopic device rearview.27 bottom two of U-typed aluminium alloy plate There are pallet fork load-bearing base bearing seat 30, the top chock 31 of the two cornice floors of left and right inside of U-typed aluminium alloy plate 27, two bearings in end Respectively there are two the load-bearing linear bearing 18 of anterior-posterior horizontal installation, pallet fork 16 is clipped between metal (upper seat;Two pallet forks 16 it is interior Side is spur rack 20,29 ratcheting two spur racks 20 of transmission shaft with gear at a both ends and 1/3, pallet fork telescope motor 21 Gear at the 1/3 of gear mesh transmission shaft 29 is simultaneously fixed on 27 bottom of U-typed aluminium alloy plate, just can make to stretch in pallet fork in this way Pallet fork is driven to be inserted into (extraction) cargo bottom under the rotation of contracting motor 21;27 bottom of U-typed aluminium alloy plate and " mouth " font guide rail 14 bottom levels arrange (not being overlapped).
All motors and hydraulic stem all add remote control reception plate, and all above-mentioned movements are completed under hand-held remote control.
In summary illustrate, this technology invention just can by cargo from ground by power Transmission into wagon cargo box up and down Layer, equally can upper and lower level be delivered to ground out of wagon cargo box by cargo.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of lorry layering automatic loading and unloading technology includes that cargo layering conveying mechanism and can pass in and out the mobile dress of container in container Release mechanism, it is characterised in that:
Wagon cargo box is divided into upper layer and lower layer by cargo layering conveying mechanism in the container;
Cargo can be sent to upper and lower level in wagon cargo box from forking on the ground by the mobile charging crane of the disengaging container, can be by cargo Upper and lower level, which forks, out of container is transported on the ground.
2. lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the charging crane, which is equipped with, to be made entirely The device that charging crane passes in and out the device of container, the device that bearing goods move up and down and pallet fork stretch.
3. making the device of entire charging crane disengaging container according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: one end is fixed on container The fixed charging crane in interior one end, so that entire handler steadily passes in and out container under the stretching action of horizontal electric hydraulic stem, Horizontal electric hydraulic stem has two of left and right abutting container inner wall.
4. the device that bearing goods move up and down according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the bearing goods move up and down Device be divided into container in upper layer to container in bottom and container bottom to two, ground stroke, two strokes all by sliding rail and The movement of path determined by sliding block.
5. the device that bearing goods move up and down according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: upper layer is to container in the container Interior bottom stroke drives lead screw as power by spindle motor, and bottom is to ground stroke by vertical electric hydaulic bar in the container Power is provided.
6. the flexible device of pallet fork according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the pallet fork telescopic device is vertically fixed on goods The bottom of object vertical motion device, mainly by pallet fork, support sliding bearing, spur rack, gear, transmission shaft and the flexible electricity of pallet fork Mechanism can be under the action of motor and transmission shaft at, pallet fork, and along support, sliding bearing is elastic moves, to be inserted or pulled out Cargo bottom.
CN201811245044.5A 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 Lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology Pending CN109624816A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811245044.5A CN109624816A (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 Lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811245044.5A CN109624816A (en) 2018-10-24 2018-10-24 Lorry is layered automatic loading and unloading technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109624816A true CN109624816A (en) 2019-04-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110614943A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-27 汪杉杉 Semitrailer carriage for cold-chain logistics transport vehicle
CN111332178A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-06-26 徐化荣 Road greening flowerpot recycling structure and construction method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3715046A (en) * 1970-03-11 1973-02-06 Hiab Foco Ab Carriage with vertically and horizontally shiftable mast and carrier
SE8602560L (en) * 1980-08-20 1987-12-07 Ingvar Blomkvist LIFT FORK MOVEMENT FOR A TRUCK LIFT TO A TRUCK
CN2148697Y (en) * 1992-12-26 1993-12-08 中国江南航天工业集团公司乌江机械厂 Driving floor for packing box of vehicle
CN105365646A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-03-02 苏州江南航天机电工业有限公司 Lifting mechanism of goods in van vehicle
CN205855924U (en) * 2015-08-06 2017-01-04 遂宁市长丰机械科技有限公司 Combination yoke mover
CN106427732A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 西安思源学院 Self automate cargo handling truck

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3715046A (en) * 1970-03-11 1973-02-06 Hiab Foco Ab Carriage with vertically and horizontally shiftable mast and carrier
SE8602560L (en) * 1980-08-20 1987-12-07 Ingvar Blomkvist LIFT FORK MOVEMENT FOR A TRUCK LIFT TO A TRUCK
CN2148697Y (en) * 1992-12-26 1993-12-08 中国江南航天工业集团公司乌江机械厂 Driving floor for packing box of vehicle
CN205855924U (en) * 2015-08-06 2017-01-04 遂宁市长丰机械科技有限公司 Combination yoke mover
CN105365646A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-03-02 苏州江南航天机电工业有限公司 Lifting mechanism of goods in van vehicle
CN106427732A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 西安思源学院 Self automate cargo handling truck

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110614943A (en) * 2019-09-26 2019-12-27 汪杉杉 Semitrailer carriage for cold-chain logistics transport vehicle
CN110614943B (en) * 2019-09-26 2020-11-13 浙江锦宇汽车制造有限公司 Semitrailer carriage for cold-chain logistics transport vehicle
CN111332178A (en) * 2020-04-10 2020-06-26 徐化荣 Road greening flowerpot recycling structure and construction method thereof

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Application publication date: 20190416

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