CN109622487B - Macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device and cleaning method - Google Patents

Macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device and cleaning method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109622487B
CN109622487B CN201811487911.6A CN201811487911A CN109622487B CN 109622487 B CN109622487 B CN 109622487B CN 201811487911 A CN201811487911 A CN 201811487911A CN 109622487 B CN109622487 B CN 109622487B
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China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
macleaya cordata
stem
ultrasonic
annular
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CN109622487A (en
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曾召宏
朱才富
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MICOLTA BIORESOURCE Inc
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MICOLTA BIORESOURCE Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/041Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/045Cleaning involving contact with liquid using perforated containers, e.g. baskets, or racks immersed and agitated in a liquid bath
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/08Cleaning involving contact with liquid the liquid having chemical or dissolving effect
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • B08B3/12Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
    • B08B3/123Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, articles on a conveyor

Abstract

A macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device comprises a cleaning barrel body (1), at least one row of large-span annular guide rail pairs (10), at least one rolling chain conveyor (20), a rotational flow impact mechanism (40) and an ultrasonic impact mechanism (60); the large-span annular guide rail pair (10) comprises an inner wall annular section (13) arranged on the inner wall of the cleaning cylinder; the rolling chain conveyor (20) is arranged along the large-span annular guide rail pair (10) in a rolling mode, and a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames (5) are fixed on the large-span conveying chain (21) at intervals; a rolling chain conveyor (20) enables a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames (5) to continuously and circularly move back and forth on a large-span annular guide rail pair (10); the rotational flow impact mechanism (40) is concentrically and rotatably arranged in the inner wall annular section (13), and the ultrasonic impact mechanism (60) is arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning cylinder body opposite to the inner wall annular section (13).

Description

Macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device and cleaning method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of macleaya cordata processing, in particular to a macleaya cordata stem continuous circulating cleaning device and a macleaya cordata stem continuous circulating cleaning method.
Background
Macleaya cordata is a plant of the Papaveraceae family belonging to the perennial herbaceous plant. The stem of Macleaya cordata is about 2.5 m high, upright and smooth, is white in powder, hollow, has orange-yellow juice after being broken, branches at the upper part and leaves are intergrowth, white in powder at the lower part and palmate veins, and originates from hills or low mountain grasslands, forest edges and roadside, and is also cultivated. The earliest recorded herbal literature of macleaya cordata is 'herbal Shiyi', which is the term macleaya cordata, raw Jiangnan valley, stem and leaf such as castor bean, hollow stem, blowing sound such as macleaya cordata, yellow juice in the stem, and people who died immediately and were not able to drink. In order to extract the alkaloid, a chemical component of macleaya cordata, processing technology is required. The first step in processing is first a washing technique.
The stem of macleaya cordata cannot be cut into small sections for cleaning, so that a part of juice is lost when one more cutting edge is cut, and a special cleaning device is designed according to the thickness and length of the harvested macleaya cordata and the advanced ultrasonic cleaning means is used.
Ultrasonic cleaning is called "brushless cleaning", and although the intensity of ultrasonic waves is exponentially attenuated with the increase of the propagation distance, the ultrasonic waves are rapidly attenuated in air and are slightly attenuated in solid and liquid, and by using the rule, the ultrasonic waves are rapidly separated from pollutants on the surface of an object to be cleaned by using vacuum air pockets generated by the cavitation effect in water. The brushless cleaning of ultrasonic waves has the following four unique advantages:
1) destroying electrostatic adsorption, wherein the direct repeated impact of steam type cavitation on a dirt layer destroys the adsorption of electrostatic dirt and the surface of a cleaning part;
2) drilling cracks to vibrate, wherein micro bubbles can drill into the cracks to vibrate, so that a dirt layer falls off;
3) the high-speed microjet of the boundary layer can generate high-speed microjet on the surfaces of the solid and the liquid by ultrasonic cavitation, the boundary stain layer can be weakened or removed, when solid particles are wrapped by oil stains and adhered to the surface of a cleaning piece, the oil is emulsified, and the solid particles fall off automatically; for example, the pesticide residue on the surface of the plant is removed, and the pesticide residue can be stripped by the high-speed micro-jet and is quickly dissolved in the cleaning solution;
4) the corner and the surface microstructure can be washed, and the corner washing device has a washing effect on places where liquid can be soaked and sound fields exist, and is particularly suitable for fine washing with complex surface shapes.
The ultrasonic wave has great application potential for cleaning surface microstructures such as protrusions, grooves and villi of leaves, plant branches and the like, particularly atmospheric fine particulate matters PM and the like;
however, ultrasonic cleaning also has its own disadvantages:
the application of high-energy and high-density ultrasonic wave in cleaning Chinese herbal medicine can accelerate the loss of effective components in the cleaning solution
Macleaya cordata belongs to Chinese herbal medicines, and the action of high-density and high-energy ultrasonic waves on Chinese herbal medicine roots can accelerate the quick dissolution of effective components into water, which is not favorable.
Therefore, ultrasonic waves are used for cleaning the macleaya cordata stems, and have the advantages and disadvantages, which are beneficial and disadvantageous in general, but are properly utilized and cannot be overused with high energy and high density.
The prior art uses ultrasonic cleaning to clean elongated objects, which are typically continuous, such as electrical wires, through an ultrasonically active region for vibratory cleaning. For example, patent CN206425364U of shanghai yusheng special wire rod limited discloses an ultrasonic wave conductor cleaning device, wherein a conductor continuously passes through an ultrasonic action area which is positioned in a cleaning liquid of a cleaning pool and is emitted by an ultrasonic vibrating plate positioned at the bottom of the inner wall of the cleaning pool.
Therefore, the main problems of ultrasonic cleaning of plant stems with different lengths and thicknesses in the prior art are summarized as follows:
problem oneHow to reduce or even really avoid the loss of effective components as much as possible. The effective components can enter the cleaning liquid if the ultrasonic action is excessive, and the effective components are lost when the ultrasonic action is utilized for cleaning, so that the effective components cannot be paid.
The second problem is that the first problem is that,and cannot continuously pass through the ultrasound affected zone in the direction of the stem height. Firstly, plant stem individuals are different in length and thickness and are single individuals; secondly, individual plant stems cannot pass continuously through the ultrasound region by means of guide wheels, as a continuous wire conductor, and it is difficult to achieve a continuous passage through the ultrasound active region.
The two problems are difficult to overcome for the ultrasonic cleaning of plant stem individuals with different lengths and thicknesses.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a device and a method for continuously and circularly cleaning the stem of macleaya cordata.
The object of the invention is achieved by a device for continuously and circularly cleaning the stems of macleaya cordata, comprising
Cleaning cylinder, cleaning liquid is filled in the cleaning cylinder, a rotating shaft of the cleaning cylinder is horizontally and fixedly supported on the frame, and the bottom of at least one side wall of the cleaning cylinder is obliquely communicated with a side inlet pipe and a side outlet pipe;
the large-span annular guide rail pair comprises a leading-in section, an inner wall annular section, a leading-out section, a blanking section and a feeding section which are connected end to end; the large-span annular guide rail pair is arranged along the axial span of the cleaning cylinder body by more than 1.5 m;
the rolling chain conveyor comprises a large-span conveying chain, the large-span conveying chain is arranged along the large-span annular guide rail pair in a rolling mode, a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames are fixed on the large-span conveying chain at intervals, and the macleaya cordata stem frames stretch over the large-span annular guide rail pair; the rolling chain conveyor continuously and circularly moves a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames on the large-span annular guide rail pair in a reciprocating way;
the rotational flow impact mechanism comprises a rotating wheel which is concentrically and rotatably arranged in the inner wall annular section through a driving mechanism;
the conveying direction of the macleaya cordata stem frame along the annular section of the inner wall is opposite to the rotating direction of the rotating wheel;
the ultrasonic impact mechanism is arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning cylinder body of the inner wall annular section.
Further, the large-span annular guide rail pair comprises guide rail pair bodies which are arranged in parallel and in pairs in large span, each guide rail pair body comprises a convex upper guide part and an inner concave lower guide part, each upper guide part comprises a first inclined top surface and a second inclined top surface which are intersected in a protruding mode, each lower guide part comprises a first inclined bottom surface and a second inclined bottom surface which are intersected in an inner concave mode, the first inclined top surface is parallel to the first inclined bottom surface, and the second inclined top surface is parallel to the second inclined bottom surface.
Furthermore, the large-span conveying chain comprises a plurality of pairs of C-shaped chain plate rolling frames which are connected end to end through hinge pairs, and a transmission meshing part is formed between each hinge pair and each C-shaped chain plate rolling frame.
Furthermore, the C-shaped chain plate rolling frame comprises a C-shaped main body, a top arm of the C-shaped main body is provided with a first inclined top wheel and a second inclined top wheel which are supported on the upper guide portion in a rolling mode, a bottom arm of the C-shaped main body is provided with a first inclined bottom wheel, and the first inclined bottom wheel is abutted to the first inclined bottom face or the second inclined bottom face in a rolling mode.
Further, the hinge pair comprises a pin shaft and a sleeve, the pin shaft comprises a central shaft part and an inner concave arm part, the central shaft part and the inner concave arm part are fixedly connected with the C-shaped chain plate rolling frame, the inner concave arm part comprises a top horizontal shaft and an inclined shoulder, and the top horizontal shaft is provided with the sleeve in a rolling mode.
Furthermore, still including setting up the husky mechanism of gathering in washing barrel below, wash the barrel and just be equipped with a plurality of sand setting slotted holes at the wall interval of gathering husky mechanism, gather husky mechanism and include the V-arrangement collecting vessel, V-arrangement collecting vessel and washing barrel body coupling.
Furthermore, the runner is provided with a plurality of grooves at intervals in the circumferential direction, water pushing blades are arranged between every two adjacent grooves, the runner is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is rotatably fixed to the rack, and the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor through a shaft coupling.
Further, ultrasonic impact mechanism sets up the outer wall at the washing barrel, and ultrasonic impact mechanism includes ultrasonic generrator and a plurality of ultrasonic transducer, and a plurality of ultrasonic transducer parallel connection the ultrasonic generrator, a plurality of ultrasonic transducer are just configuring to inner wall ring section interval ground.
Furthermore, an ultrasonic impact mechanism is arranged on the outer wall of the side inlet and outlet pipe, and an ultrasonic transducer of the ultrasonic impact mechanism is over against the leading-in section and the leading-out section.
A continuous circulation cleaning process of a macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device is characterized by comprising the following steps:
charging and washing at the same time, starting the rotational flow impact mechanism, and generating rotary water flow in the cleaning cylinder; the rolling chain conveyor is started, the macleaya cordata roots with mud are continuously added into the macleaya cordata stem frames, the macleaya cordata stem frames are driven by the rolling chain conveyor to follow the large-span annular guide rail pair to enter the cleaning barrel and move along the inner wall annular section, meanwhile, under the impact of rotating water flow, the ultrasonic impact mechanism is started, and the macleaya cordata roots in the inner wall annular section are simultaneously subjected to the scouring of the rotating water flow and the impact of ultrasonic vibration.
The large-span guide rail pair and the rolling chain conveyor are matched to complete continuous and cyclic conveying of the inner wall, the cleaning function is automatic and efficient cleaning through cooperation of rotary impact water flow and ultrasonic vibration, the technical problem that the ultrasonic action area cannot be continuously passed along the stem height direction and effective components are dissipated is solved through cooperation of cleaning and inner wall conveying, the purpose of continuous cleaning without cutting into short sections is achieved, the cleaning automation degree is high, manpower and water sources are not saved, and the cleaning efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front sectional view of a macleaya cordata stem cleaning device according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a part of a cleaning cylinder of a macleaya cordata stem cleaning device according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view a-a of a macleaya cordata stem cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged view I of fig. 3 of a macleaya cordata stem cleaning device according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a B-B sectional view of a macleaya cordata stem cleaning device of the present invention.
Reference numerals in the above figures:
cleaning a cylinder body 1, a frame 2, an inlet pipe at the side 3, a cleaning solution 4, a macleaya cordata stem frame 5, a sand setting slotted hole 7, a blanking frame 8 and a 9T-shaped connecting strip;
10 large-span annular guide rail pairs, 11 guide rail pair bodies, 12 leading-in sections, 13 inner wall annular sections, 14 leading-out sections, 15 blanking sections, 16 feeding sections, 17 dovetail matching bodies, 18 fixing parts and 19 dovetail grooves;
20 rolling chain conveyors, 21 large-span conveying chains, 22C-shaped chain plate rolling frames, 23 hinge pairs, 24 transmission meshing parts, 25 inner chain rolling frame plates, 26 outer chain rolling frame plates, 27 pin shafts, 28 driving sprockets and 29 sleeves;
40 swirl impact mechanisms, 41 rotating wheels, 42 rotating shafts, 43 grooves, 44 motors and 45 water pushing blades;
the sand collecting mechanism 50, the collecting cylinder 51V-shaped, the guide surface 52V-shaped, the sand collecting chamber 53, the sand discharging screw 55, the sand collecting groove 56, the top cover 57, the sand discharging hole 58 and the driving motor 59;
60 ultrasonic impact mechanism, 61 ultrasonic generator, 62 ultrasonic transducer;
11.1 an upper guide part, 11.2 a lower guide part, 11.3 a first inclined top surface, 11.4 a second inclined top surface, 11.5 a first inclined bottom surface and 11.6 a second inclined bottom surface;
22.1C font main part, 22.2 first oblique top wheels, 22.3 second oblique top wheels, 22.4 first oblique bottom wheels, 22.5 joint groove.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings, but is not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Example one
As shown in the figure, the device for continuously and circularly cleaning the macleaya cordata stems comprises a cleaning barrel body 1, wherein the rotating shaft of the cleaning barrel body is horizontally supported on a frame 2, and the bottom of at least one side wall of the cleaning barrel body 1 is obliquely communicated with a side inlet and outlet pipe 3.
The cleaning device further comprises at least one row of large-span annular guide rail pairs 10, each large-span annular guide rail pair 10 comprises an introduction section 12, an inner wall annular section 13, a derivation section 14, a blanking section 15 and a feeding section 16 which are connected end to end, and the inner wall annular section 13 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the cleaning barrel 1. The inlet section 12 and the outlet section 14 are fixedly arranged in the lateral inlet and outlet pipe 3. A blanking frame 8 is arranged below the blanking section 15.
The large-span annular guide rail pair 10 comprises guide rail pair bodies 11 arranged in parallel in pairs in large span, each guide rail pair body 11 comprises a convex upper guide part 11.1 and a concave lower guide part 11.2, each upper guide part 11.1 comprises a first inclined top surface 11.3 and a second inclined top surface 11.4, each lower guide part comprises a first inclined bottom surface 11.5 and a second inclined bottom surface 11.6, each first inclined top surface 11.3 is parallel to the first inclined bottom surface 11.5, and each second inclined top surface 11.4 is parallel to the second inclined bottom surface 11.6. The large-span ring-shaped guide rail pair 10 includes a fixing portion 18 for fixing the guide rail pair body 11 to the inner wall of the cleaning cylinder 1. The fixing part 18 is provided with a dovetail matching body 17, the guide rail pair body 11 is provided with a dovetail groove 19, the dovetail groove 19 is matched with the dovetail matching body 17 and fixedly connected with the fixing part 18, and the fixing part 18 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the cleaning barrel body 1.
Each large-span annular guide rail pair 10 is provided with a rolling chain conveyor 20 in a rolling mode, a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames 5 are fixed on the rolling chain conveyor 20 at intervals, and the rolling chain conveyor 20 enables the plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames 5 to continuously and circularly move on the large-span annular guide rail pair 10.
The rolling chain conveyor 20 comprises a large-span conveying chain 21, the large-span conveying chain 21 is driven by a driving chain wheel 28, and the driving chain wheel is in transmission connection with an output shaft of a motor; the large-span conveying chain 21 comprises a plurality of pairs of C-shaped chain plate rolling frames 22 which are connected end to end through hinge pairs 23, and a transmission meshing part 24 is formed between the hinge pairs 23 and the C-shaped chain plate rolling frames 22. The C-shaped chain plate rolling frame 22 comprises an inner chain rolling frame plate 25 and an outer chain rolling frame plate 26, wherein the C-shaped chain plate rolling frame 22 is supported on the large-span annular guide rail pair 10 in a rolling manner, and specifically, the inner chain rolling frame plate 25 and the outer chain rolling frame plate 26 are supported on the left large-span guide rail pair and the right large-span guide rail pair in a rolling manner respectively. The hinge pair 23 comprises a pin shaft 27 and a sleeve 29, and the top of the inner chain rolling frame plate 25 and the top of the outer chain rolling frame plate 26 are fixed with the macleaya cordata stem frame 5.
The C-shaped chain plate rolling frame 22 comprises a C-shaped main body 22.1, a first inclined top wheel 22.2 and a second inclined top wheel 22.3 which are supported on the upper guide part 11.1 in a rolling mode are arranged on the top arm of the C-shaped main body 22.1, a first inclined bottom wheel 22.4 is arranged on the bottom arm of the C-shaped main body 22.1, and the first inclined bottom wheel 22.4 is abutted to the first inclined bottom surface 11.5 or the second inclined bottom surface 11.6 in a rolling mode. The top arm of the C-shaped main body 22.1 is provided with a clamping groove 22.5. T-shaped connecting strips 9 are clamped in the clamping grooves 22.5, and the T-shaped connecting strips 9 fix the macleaya cordata stem frame 5.
The cyclone impact mechanism 40 comprises a rotating wheel 41, the rotating wheel 41 is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft 42, the rotating shaft 42 is rotatably fixed on the frame 2, and the rotating shaft 42 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a motor 44 through a coupler; the runner 41 is provided with a plurality of grooves 43 at intervals in the circumferential direction, and water pushing blades 45 for pushing water to rotate in the cleaning cylinder 1 are arranged between adjacent grooves 43. The rotational direction of the water flow of the swirling flow impact mechanism 40 is opposite to the traveling direction of the macleaya cordata root frame 5 along the inner wall annular channel 13.
The cleaning device further comprises an ultrasonic impact mechanism 60, wherein the ultrasonic impact mechanism 60 is arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning barrel body 1 and is just opposite to the inner wall annular section 13. More preferably, the ultrasonic impact mechanism 60 is directed along the path of travel of the inner wall loop segment 13 of the macleaya cordata stem basket 5. The ultrasonic impact mechanism 60 comprises an ultrasonic generator 61 and a plurality of ultrasonic transducers 62, the ultrasonic transducers 62 are connected with the ultrasonic generator 61 in parallel, the ultrasonic transducers 62 are arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning cylinder body opposite to the inner wall annular section 13 at intervals, the ultrasonic transducers 62 convert ultrasonic signals into high-frequency mechanical vibration and transmit the high-frequency mechanical vibration into a spiral cleaning channel to vibrate the macleaya cordata stems in the macleaya stem frame 5, so that dirt on corners of the macleaya cordata stem surface is loosened;
the sand collecting mechanism 50 comprises a V-shaped collecting cylinder 51 integrally connected to the bottom of the cleaning cylinder body 1, the V-shaped collecting cylinder 51 is integrally connected and arranged below a rotating shaft of the cleaning cylinder body 1, V-shaped guide surfaces 52 are arranged on two side walls of the V-shaped collecting cylinder 51, a plurality of sand discharge holes 58 are arranged at intervals on the V-shaped guide surfaces 52, a sand collecting chamber 53 is formed in a space between the V-shaped guide surfaces 52 and the inner walls of two sides of the V-shaped collecting cylinder 51, sand collecting grooves 56 are formed in the connecting positions of the sand collecting chambers 53 on two sides at the bottom of the V-shaped collecting cylinder 51, and top covers 57 are arranged at the tops of the sand collecting grooves 56; the sand trap groove 56 is rotatably provided with a sand discharge screw 55, the sand discharge screw 55 is disposed in a discharge pipe provided with a drain valve, and a driving motor 59 is started while opening the drain valve, and the driving mechanism drives the sand discharge screw 55 to discharge sand settled to the bottom.
The work process of the macleaya cordata stem continuous circulating cleaning device is as follows:
while feeding and washing, starting the rotational flow impact mechanism 40 to generate rotational water flow in the cleaning cylinder 1; the rolling chain conveyor 20 is started, the macleaya cordata stems with mud are continuously added into the macleaya cordata stem frame 5, the macleaya cordata stem frame 5 enters the cleaning barrel body 1 from the leading-in channel along the large-span annular guide rail pair 10 under the driving of the rolling chain conveyor 20 and moves along the inner wall annular section 13, and the moving direction of the macleaya cordata stem frame 5 is opposite to the rotating water flow direction, so that water flow is washed in a counter-flow mode.
The macleaya cordata stem frame starts the ultrasonic impact mechanism 60 under the impact of the rotating water flow, and the macleaya cordata stem of the inner wall annular section 13 is subjected to two impact forces at the same time:
1) the impact of the reverse rotating water flow, the reverse rotating water flow washes the macleaya cordata stems in the macleaya cordata stem frame 5;
2) ultrasonic vibration, ultrasonic vibration mechanism 60 along wash the barrel outer wall inwards towards the macleaya cordata stem frame 5 transmission ultrasonic vibration of inner wall annular section 13, ultrasonic vibration reaches macleaya cordata stem surface through rivers propagation, strikes the filth on it.
Discharging, wherein when the long-span conveying chain 21 of the rolling chain conveyor 20 rotates to the lower part, the mouth of the macleaya cordata stem frame 5 faces downwards, the top cover is automatically opened, and the macleaya cordata stems fall into the collecting barrel 8 by gravity;
discharging sand, starting a sand discharging screw, opening a sand discharging valve, enabling the cleaning solution mixed with the silt to flow out from a sand discharging port at the lower part of the sand gathering mechanism 50, and closing the sand discharging port until the sand is less; the washing step is carried out while feeding or all the washing liquid is discharged.
The macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device can be used for continuously and circularly cleaning macleaya cordata stems, and the macleaya cordata stems need to be circulated for one to two times in clayey areas. In the sandy soil texture area, the Macleaya cordata stems are cleaned only by one cycle. Simple structure can realize continuous cycle and wash, and the cleaning performance is good, and the filth is not remained in the hole on stem surface. The rotating speed of the rotational flow impact mechanism 40 and the moving speed of the rolling chain conveyor 20 can be adjusted, and the rotational flow impact mechanism and the rolling chain conveyor are matched and cooperated to ensure that the macleaya cordata root frame has certain rotational flow cleaning time in the inner wall ring section 13, so that nutrition loss is avoided.
The principle analysis of the macleaya cordata stem continuous circulation cleaning device is as follows:
the invention relates to a macleaya cordata stem cleaning device and a macleaya cordata stem cleaning method, which solve the technical problem that the macleaya cordata stem cannot continuously pass through an ultrasonic action area along the stem height direction and effective components are lost by the following technical means:
(1) the large-span guide rail pair is matched with the rolling chain conveyor to realize the continuous circulating conveying of the macleaya cordata stem frame along the inner wall of the cleaning barrel, and the conveying direction along the circumference of the inner wall is opposite to the rotating direction of the rotating impact water flow
The large-span guide rail pair is axially arranged along the cleaning barrel, two C-shaped chain plate rolling frames of the large-span conveying chain are arranged on the guide rail pair in a rolling mode, and the macleaya cordata stem frame is fixed at the top of the C-shaped chain plate rolling frames, so that the macleaya cordata stem frame is also axially arranged in parallel to the cleaning barrel and is driven by the large-span conveying chain to continuously and circularly convey along the large-span guide rail pair, wherein the inner wall annular section is discharged along one circle of the inner wall of the cleaning barrel and the conveying direction of the inner wall is opposite to the rotating direction of the rotary impact water flow;
(2) when continuously conveyed along the annular section of the inner wall, the rotary impact water flow and the ultrasonic vibration cooperate to complete automatic and efficient cleaning
When the material is continuously conveyed along the annular section of the inner wall, the macleaya cordata stem frame simultaneously acts on rotary impact water flows in opposite directions in the cleaning cylinder body, and the ultrasonic vibration transmitted from the outer wall is assisted to achieve the purpose of automatic and efficient cleaning through the synergistic effect of the rotating impact water flows and the ultrasonic vibration;
the large-span guide rail pair and the rolling chain conveyor are matched to complete continuous and cyclic conveying of the inner wall, the cleaning function is automatic and efficient cleaning through cooperation of rotary impact water flow and ultrasonic vibration, the technical problem that the ultrasonic action area cannot be continuously passed along the stem height direction and effective components are dissipated is solved through cooperation of cleaning and inner wall conveying, the purpose of continuous cleaning without cutting into short sections is achieved, the cleaning automation degree is high, manpower and water sources are not saved, and the cleaning efficiency is improved.

Claims (9)

1. A device for continuously and circularly cleaning the stems of macleaya cordata is characterized by comprising
The cleaning device comprises a cleaning cylinder body (1), cleaning liquid (4) is contained in the cleaning cylinder body (1), a rotating shaft of the cleaning cylinder body is horizontally and fixedly supported on a rack (2), and at least one side wall bottom of the cleaning cylinder body (1) is obliquely communicated with a side inlet pipe and a side outlet pipe (3);
the large-span annular guide rail pair (10) comprises a leading-in section (12), an inner wall annular section (13), a leading-out section (14), a blanking section (15) and a feeding section (16) which are connected end to end; the large-span annular guide rail pair (10) is arranged along the axial span of the cleaning cylinder body, which is more than 1.5 m;
the large-span conveying chain (21) comprises a plurality of pairs of C-shaped chain plate rolling frames (22) which are connected end to end through hinge pairs (23), a transmission meshing part (24) is formed between the hinge pairs (23) and the C-shaped chain plate rolling frames (22), a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames (5) are fixed on the large-span conveying chain (21) at intervals, and the macleaya cordata stem frames (5) stretch over the large-span annular guide rail pair (10) to be arranged; a rolling chain conveyor (20) enables a plurality of macleaya cordata stem frames (5) to continuously and circularly move back and forth on a large-span annular guide rail pair (10);
the cyclone impact mechanism (40), the cyclone impact mechanism (40) comprises a rotating wheel (41), and the rotating wheel (41) is concentrically and rotatably arranged in the inner wall annular section (13) through a driving mechanism;
the conveying direction of the macleaya cordata stem frame (5) along the inner wall annular section (13) is opposite to the rotating direction of the rotating wheel (41);
the ultrasonic impact mechanism (60), the ultrasonic impact mechanism (60) is arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning cylinder body which is just opposite to the inner wall annular section (13).
2. The device for continuously circulating and washing the macleaya cordata stems according to claim 1, wherein the large-span annular guide rail pair (10) comprises guide rail pair bodies (11) arranged in parallel and in pairs with large spans, the guide rail pair bodies (11) comprise a convex upper guide part (11.1) and a concave lower guide part (11.2), the upper guide part (11.1) comprises a convex intersecting first inclined top surface (11.3) and a concave intersecting second inclined top surface (11.4), the lower guide part comprises a concave intersecting first inclined bottom surface (11.5) and a concave intersecting second inclined bottom surface (11.6), the first inclined top surface (11.3) is parallel to the first inclined bottom surface (11.5), and the second inclined top surface (11.4) is parallel to the second inclined bottom surface (11.6).
3. The device for continuously circulating and cleaning the macleaya cordata stems as claimed in claim 2, wherein the C-shaped chain plate rolling frame (22) comprises a C-shaped main body (22.1), the top arm of the C-shaped main body (22.1) is provided with a first inclined top wheel (22.2) and a second inclined top wheel (22.3) which are supported on the upper guide part (11.1) in a rolling way, the bottom arm of the C-shaped main body (22.1) is provided with a first inclined bottom wheel (22.4), and the first inclined bottom wheel (22.4) is in rolling contact with the first inclined bottom surface (11.5) or the second inclined bottom surface (11.6).
4. The device for continuously circulating and cleaning the macleaya cordata stems according to claim 1, wherein the hinge pair (23) comprises a pin shaft (27) and a sleeve (29), the pin shaft (27) comprises a central shaft part (25.1) fixedly connected with the C-shaped chain plate rolling frame (22) and a concave arm part (25.2), the concave arm part (25.2) comprises a top horizontal shaft and a sloping shoulder, and the top horizontal shaft is provided with the sleeve (29) in a rolling way.
5. The continuous-circulation macleaya cordata stem cleaning device according to claim 4, further comprising a sand-gathering mechanism (50) disposed under the cleaning cylinder, wherein the cleaning cylinder is provided with a plurality of sand-settling slots (7) at intervals on the wall facing the sand-gathering mechanism (50), and the sand-gathering mechanism (50) comprises a V-shaped collecting cylinder (51), and the V-shaped collecting cylinder (51) is integrally connected with the cleaning cylinder (1).
6. The continuous-circulation macleaya cordata stem cleaning device according to claim 1, wherein the rotating wheel (41) is provided with a plurality of grooves (43) at intervals in the circumferential direction, water pushing blades (45) are arranged between adjacent grooves (43), the rotating wheel (41) is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft (42), the rotating shaft (42) is rotatably fixed on the frame (2), and the rotating shaft (42) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor (44) through a coupling.
7. The macleaya cordata stem continuous cycle washing device according to claim 6, wherein the ultrasonic impact mechanism (60) is arranged on the outer wall of the washing cylinder (1), the ultrasonic impact mechanism (60) comprises an ultrasonic generator (61) and a plurality of ultrasonic transducers (62), the plurality of ultrasonic transducers (62) are connected with the ultrasonic generator (61) in parallel, and the plurality of ultrasonic transducers (62) are arranged opposite to the inner wall annular segment (13) at intervals.
8. The continuous-circulation macleaya cordata stem cleaning device according to claim 7, wherein the outer wall of the side inlet and outlet pipe (3) is provided with an ultrasonic impact mechanism (60), and an ultrasonic transducer (62) of the ultrasonic impact mechanism (60) is opposite to the leading-in section (12) and the leading-out section (14).
9. A continuous circulation cleaning process for a continuous circulation cleaning apparatus of the stem of Macleaya cordata according to any one of claims 1 to 8, comprising the steps of:
feeding and washing are carried out simultaneously, a rotational flow impact mechanism (40) is started, and rotational water flow is generated in the cleaning cylinder body (1); roll chain conveyor (20) is started, the macleaback root with mud is continuously added into the macleaback stem frame (5) in the macleaback stem frame, the macleaback stem frame (5) is driven by roll chain conveyor (20) to be followed by large-span annular guide rail pair (10) enters into cleaning barrel body (1) and is conveyed and moved along inner wall annular section (13), and meanwhile, under the impact of rotating water flow, ultrasonic impact mechanism (60) is started, and the macleaback root in the inner wall annular section is simultaneously impacted by the scouring of the rotating water flow and the impact of ultrasonic vibration.
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