CN109618880A - A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system - Google Patents

A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109618880A
CN109618880A CN201811552367.9A CN201811552367A CN109618880A CN 109618880 A CN109618880 A CN 109618880A CN 201811552367 A CN201811552367 A CN 201811552367A CN 109618880 A CN109618880 A CN 109618880A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
water
cultivation
ditches
inclination
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811552367.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘志刚
李东晓
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Jiangsu University
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Jiangsu University
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Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu University filed Critical Jiangsu University
Priority to CN201811552367.9A priority Critical patent/CN109618880A/en
Publication of CN109618880A publication Critical patent/CN109618880A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/68Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition of specified substances, e.g. trace elements, for ameliorating potable water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/78Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with ozone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/04Disinfection
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system, using micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device to irrigation water carry out disinfection and oxygenation after be conveyed to irrigation rig again and use.Irrigating water circulation utilization system includes cultivation matrix or the cultivation by hole bag for filling matrix, cultivation matrix or the cultivation by hole bag for filling matrix are located on crop field ground or facility cultivation slot, inclination irrigation canals and ditches are equipped with below the crop field ground or facility cultivation slot, it tilts and is equipped with plastic drip irrigation belt by irrigation canals and ditches, plastic drip irrigation belt is located at cultivation matrix or fills in the cultivation by hole bag of matrix, plastic drip irrigation belt is connect with water inlet line, water inlet line is connect with tank, micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device and circulating line are equipped in tank, circulating line is connect with recovery pond, recycling supervisor is equipped in recovery pond, recycling supervisor is connected to inclination irrigation canals and ditches.Present system structure is simple, high degree of automation, can be applied in the recirculated water irrigation of Production of Large Fields or furnished equipments, convenient for being widely applied.

Description

A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of agricultural irrigation, and in particular to a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system.
Background technique
China's water resource is structural unbalanced, and the water resources quantity that can be developed and used is few, is the large agricultural country of a water shortage, and And water-saving device and technology are relatively weak, water resource waste is serious, and utilization rate is low, has seriously affected China's agricultural sustainable development Exhibition.
High-efficient Agricultural Water Use is the lifeblood of agricultural sustainable development, and in recent years, China implements large-scale agricultural high-effiency Water-saving construction has received significant water-saving, volume increase, increasing benefit, but agricultural water efficiency is still below developed country's level.Cause This, on the basis of existing agricultural high-effiency water resource utilizes facility, research further increases the irrigation of agricultural irrigation water application efficiency System and irrigation method have important theoretical value and realistic meaning to realization crop field and market gardening sustainable development.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of high degree of automation, cyclic irrigation water-saving method easy to operate and it is System, can large-scale application in the water-saving irrigation of crop field or horticultural production.
To realize foregoing invention target, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method, including such as Lower step: S1: the irrigation water that water supply device provides is carried out disinfection by micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device to be conveyed with after oxygenation To irrigation rig;S2: the irrigation water a part for flowing through irrigation rig is conveyed to plant absorption, and another part is collected by irrigation water Device feeds back in water supply device after collecting.
A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system provided by the invention including cultivation matrix or fills the cultivation by hole bag of matrix, Cultivation matrix or the cultivation by hole bag for filling matrix are located on crop field ground or facility cultivation slot, and the crop field ground or facility are planted It trains and is equipped with inclination irrigation canals and ditches below slot, be equipped with plastic drip irrigation belt by inclination irrigation canals and ditches, plastic drip irrigation belt is located at cultivation matrix or fills base In the cultivation by hole bag of matter, plastic drip irrigation belt is connect with water inlet line, and water inlet line is connect with tank, is equipped in tank micro- Nanometer ozone bubbles generating device and circulating line, circulating line are connect with recovery pond, and recycling supervisor, recycling are equipped in recovery pond Supervisor is connected to inclination irrigation canals and ditches.
In above scheme, micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device includes micro-nano generator and ozone generator, circulation pipe The water that road is conveyed to tank is successively transported in water inlet line after ozone generator and micro-nano generator.
In above scheme, inclination irrigation canals and ditches have multiple, and plastic drip irrigation belt, each inclination irrigation canals and ditches are equipped with by each inclination irrigation canals and ditches Irrigation water is pooled in recycling supervisor by recycling branch pipe accordingly.
In above scheme, tile orifice plate between crop field ground or facility cultivation slot and inclination irrigation canals and ditches.
In above scheme, tilts and be also connected with flushing pipe on irrigation canals and ditches.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: after 1. irrigate and start, micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device is by the filling in water supply device Water sterilization and oxygenation are irrigate, realizes and irrigates through irrigation rig, the recycling of irrigation water is realized through irrigating water collecting device, is recycled after filtering Into water supply device, irrigation water capacity is greatly saved.2. leakage of tiling between crop field ground or facility cultivation slot and inclination irrigation canals and ditches Orifice plate, can by cultivation matrix or fill the cultivation matrix trickled down on the cultivation by hole bag of matrix largely screening in orifice plate Side avoids directly falling in inclination irrigation canals and ditches.3. increasing a flushing pipe, the cultivation base fallen in inclination irrigation canals and ditches is avoided Matter is accumulated and blocks inclination irrigation canals and ditches.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is recirculated water irrigation method flow chart.
Fig. 2 is circulation water irrigation system structural schematic diagram.
Wherein: 1-1: water supply device;1-2: micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device;1-3: irrigation rig;1-4: irrigation water Collection device;2-1: tank;2-2: immersible pump and filter integration flotation gear;2-3: ozone generator;2-4: micro-nano Rice generator;2-5: first filter;2-6: the first immersible pump;2-7: main pipeline;2-8: drip irrigation zone;2-9: inclination irrigation canals and ditches;2- 10: recycling branch pipe;2-11: recycling supervisor;2-12: recovery pond;2-13: the second filter;2-14: the second immersible pump;2-15: it follows Endless tube road.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, further description of the specific embodiments of the present invention.Following embodiment is used In illustrating the present invention, but it is not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system of the invention and method are illustrated below with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method, including water supply device 1-1, micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device 1-2, irrigation rig 1-3 and irrigation water collecting device 1-4, each device are sequentially connected;After irrigation starts, micro-nano ozone gas is soaked Generating apparatus 1-2 generates micro-nano ozone bubbles, to the irrigation water sterilization and oxygenation in water supply device 1-1, then through irrigation rig 1-3 is irrigated, and the water for infiltrating into bottom is recycled to water supply device 1-1 through irrigating water collecting device 1-4, then through micro-nano ozone Bubble generator 1-2 disinfection and oxygenation, are recycled.
As shown in Fig. 2, a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system, is divided into four bulks substantially, it may be assumed that water supply device 1-1, micro-nano smelly Oxygen bubbles generating device 1-2, irrigation rig 1-3 and irrigation water collecting device 1-4.
Water supply device 1-1, including water source, tank 2-1, the first immersible pump 2-6 and first filter 2-5, water source can be Tap water or river water.
Working principle: tank 2-1 is responsible for water and receives from the recirculated water for irrigating water collecting device 1-4;First mistake Filter 2-5 filtration is pumped into irrigation rig 1-3 through the first immersible pump 2-6.
The irrigation rig 1-3, including main pipeline 2-7, branch pipe(tube), flushing pipe and plastic drip irrigation belt 2-8.
Working principle: main pipeline 2-7 is connect by branch pipe(tube) with each plastic drip irrigation belt 2-8, flushing pipe and oblique groove Canal connection is realized to the flushing for the extra cultivation matrix accumulated in inclination irrigation canals and ditches, prevents line clogging, influence following for irrigation water Ring.
The micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device 1-2, including micro-nano generator 2-4, immersible pump and filter one Body flotation gear 2-2 and ozone generator 2-3.
Working principle: ozone generator 2-3 connects the water pipe before micro-nano generator 2-4, and the ozone of generation is by through filtering The irrigation water of device and water pump sucks micro-nano generator 2-4, carries out disinfection to irrigation water and oxygenation.
The irrigation water collecting device 1-4, including inclination irrigation canals and ditches 2-9, orifice plate, recycling branch pipe 2-10, recycling supervisor 2-11, recovery pond 2-12, the second immersible pump 2-14, the second filter 2-13 and circulating line 2-15.
Working principle: irrigation water is seeped under orifice plate to inclination irrigation canals and ditches 2-9, then recovered supervisor 2-11 to recovery pond 2- 12, tank 2-1 is flowed into through circulating line 2-15 after filtering.
Embodiment: inclination irrigation canals and ditches 2-9 is 1. opened in crop field ground or facility cultivation slot, built-in PVC sink, tile leak hole Plate is directly filled with cultivation matrix or fills the cultivation by hole bag of matrix;2. connecting the first immersible pump 2-6 and first filter 2- 5, main pipeline 2-7, branch pipe(tube), flushing pipe, plastic drip irrigation belt 2-8, recycling branch pipe 2-10, recycling supervisor 2-11, recovery pond 2- 12, the second immersible pump 2-14, the second filter 2-13 and circulating line 2-15;3. connecting micro-nano generator 2-4, immersible pump With filter integration flotation gear 2-2 and ozone generator 2-3;
4. be colonized crop on ridge platform, matrix or cultivating bag, according to crop row away from pricking hole on the 2-8 of drip irrigation zone, hole number and Away from determining according to crop and matrix type;5. filling tank 2-1, micro-nano ozone bubbles generating system is opened, generates micro-nano Rice ozone gas is soaked, enters drip irrigation zone 2-8 through first filter 2-5, the first immersible pump 2-6, main pipeline 2-7 and branch pipe(tube), then Enter recycling branch pipe 2-10, recycling supervisor 2-11 and recovery pond 2-12 by irrigation canals and ditches 2-9, dives through the second filter 2-13, second Water pump 2-14 and circulating line 2-15 enter tank 2-1;6. flushing water is through flushing pipe and irrigation canals and ditches 2-9, into recycling branch pipe 2-10, recycling supervisor 2-11 and recovery pond 2-12, through the second filter 2-13, the second immersible pump 2-14 and circulating line 2-15 into Enter tank 2-1, is carried out disinfection by micro-nano ozone bubbles generating system with after oxygenation, be recycled.
The present invention has developed a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system, and a whole set of irrigation system structure is simple, automation journey It spends high, easy to operate, adaptable.The present invention is with micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device 1-2 and irrigates water collecting device 1-4 It realizes the disinfection of irrigation water, oxygenation and recycles, it is further real on the basis of existing agricultural high-effiency water resource utilizes facility Existing crop field and market gardening high-efficient water use and sustainable development have important theoretical value and realistic meaning.
Finally, it should be noted that above embodiments are only to illustrate rather than limit this reality inventive technique scheme, although reference Above-described embodiment describes the invention in detail, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still can be to this hair It is bright to be modified or replaced equivalently, it without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention, or any substitutions, should all It is included within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method, includes the following steps: S1: the irrigation water that water supply device (1-1) provides passes through micro-nano Rice ozone bubbles generating device (1-2) carries out disinfection and is conveyed to irrigation rig (1-3) after oxygenation;S2: irrigation rig (1- is flowed through 3) irrigation water a part is conveyed to plant absorption, and another part feeds back to water supply dress after being collected by irrigation water collecting device It sets in (1-1).
2. a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system, including cultivation matrix or the cultivation by hole bag of matrix is filled, cultivation matrix or fill The cultivation by hole bag of matrix is located on crop field ground or facility cultivation slot, which is characterized in that the crop field ground or facility cultivation It is equipped with inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9) below slot, is equipped with plastic drip irrigation belt (2-8) by inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9), the position plastic drip irrigation belt (2-8) In in cultivation matrix or the cultivation by hole bag for filling matrix, plastic drip irrigation belt (2-8) is connect with water inlet line (2-7), water inlet pipe Road (2-7) is connect with tank (2-1), and micro-nano ozone bubbles generating device and circulating line (2- are equipped in tank (2-1) 15), circulating line (2-15) is connect with recovery pond (2-12), and recycling supervisor (2-11), recycling master are equipped in recovery pond (2-12) Pipe (2-11) is connected to inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9).
3. a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that micro-nano ozone bubbles fill It sets including micro-nano generator (2-4) and ozone generator (2-3), circulating line (2-15) is conveyed to the water of tank (2-1) Successively it is transported in water inlet line (2-7) after ozone generator (2-3) and micro-nano generator (2-4).
4. a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system according to claim 2, which is characterized in that inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9) have it is multiple, It is equipped with plastic drip irrigation belt (2-8) by each inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9), each inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9) by recycling branch pipe accordingly Irrigation water is pooled in recycling supervisor (2-11) by (2-10).
5. a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system according to Claims 2 or 3 or 4, which is characterized in that crop field ground or facility Tile orifice plate between cultivation bed and inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9).
6. a kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving system according to Claims 2 or 3 or 4, which is characterized in that inclination irrigation canals and ditches (2-9) On be also connected with flushing pipe.
CN201811552367.9A 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system Pending CN109618880A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811552367.9A CN109618880A (en) 2018-12-19 2018-12-19 A kind of cyclic irrigation water-saving method and system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110612851A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-27 大理市人间仙境农业开发有限公司 Environment-friendly fruit planting method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011229507A (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-17 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Waste water recycling type plant factory
CN101861856B (en) * 2010-04-29 2012-03-21 王学政 Novel method for preventing bird accidents in airports
CN103800925A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-05-21 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Oxygenation and disinfection device and method
CN204350738U (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-05-27 祥云泰兴农业科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of intensive cropping facility with irrigation water self-cleaning and recycling function
CN205024820U (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-02-10 中国水利水电科学研究院 Rainwater recovering device
CN205567318U (en) * 2016-04-16 2016-09-14 江苏天水灌排设备有限公司 Crops irrigation and water conservancy circulation irrigation and drainage system
CN108029517A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-15 中国农业大学 A kind of irrigation areas channel directly draws drip irrigation system and operation method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101861856B (en) * 2010-04-29 2012-03-21 王学政 Novel method for preventing bird accidents in airports
JP2011229507A (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-17 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Waste water recycling type plant factory
CN103800925A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-05-21 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Oxygenation and disinfection device and method
CN204350738U (en) * 2014-12-20 2015-05-27 祥云泰兴农业科技开发有限责任公司 A kind of intensive cropping facility with irrigation water self-cleaning and recycling function
CN205024820U (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-02-10 中国水利水电科学研究院 Rainwater recovering device
CN205567318U (en) * 2016-04-16 2016-09-14 江苏天水灌排设备有限公司 Crops irrigation and water conservancy circulation irrigation and drainage system
CN108029517A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-15 中国农业大学 A kind of irrigation areas channel directly draws drip irrigation system and operation method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110612851A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-27 大理市人间仙境农业开发有限公司 Environment-friendly fruit planting method

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