CN109618791A - A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109618791A
CN109618791A CN201811644360.XA CN201811644360A CN109618791A CN 109618791 A CN109618791 A CN 109618791A CN 201811644360 A CN201811644360 A CN 201811644360A CN 109618791 A CN109618791 A CN 109618791A
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parts
planting
red bayberry
soil
implantation methods
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陈漫云
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Shiping Runlong Fruit And Vegetable Co Ltd
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Shiping Runlong Fruit And Vegetable Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/10Apiaceae or Umbelliferae [Carrot family], e.g. parsley, caraway, dill, lovage, fennel or snakebed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/42Aloeaceae [Aloe family] or Liliaceae [Lily family], e.g. aloe, veratrum, onion, garlic or chives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/48Zingiberaceae [Ginger family], e.g. ginger or galangal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K17/00Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials
    • C09K17/40Soil-conditioning materials or soil-stabilising materials containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K2101/00Agricultural use
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry, includes the following steps: that (1) selects planting site, sprays soil disinfection liquid, deep ploughs;(2) planting pit bottom spreads one layer of bacteria residue, and one layer of soil of lid applies the mixture of organic fertilizer, peat soil, charcoal, plant ash again, finally bankets heavy real;Planting stock is impregnated in taking root liquid before field planting, root wraps yellow mud and is put into planting pit, and earthing field planting, surface covers one layer of loosening the soil containing soil conditioner;(3) apply special complex fertilizer after being colonized 20 days;The treelet phase applies special complex fertilizer 2 times every year, and the manhood applies special complex fertilizer 3 times every year;1 decomposed manure of annual winter ditch spread;Fruiting period sprays special foliar fertilizer, sprays every 1 month primary;(4) by building removal sick branch, deadwood;Red bayberry fruiting period sprays Waxberry fruit 1-3 times using biological insecticides.The red bayberry yield that the present invention plants is high, high-quality, incidence of insect disease is low.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting fruit trees technical field, in particular to a kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry.
Background technique
Myrica(Myrica) Myruca ceas plant is the characteristic fruit of south China, and fruit color is gorgeous, and sweet tea acid is palatable, flavor Jiamei, rich The nutritional ingredients such as prime element containing multi mineral, vitamin, amino acid, nutrition and health care and economic value with higher.Red bayberry is simultaneous Has edible, medicinal and ornamental value, in addition to fresh food, moreover it is possible to be processed into the food such as can, preserved fruit, dried fruit, and due to Japanese apricot property It is strong, it is easy to cultivate, the economic life is long, and production cost is lower compared with for other fruit, therefore has obtained the favor of orchard worker.
As people's living standard improves, the demand of red bayberry is increased, red bayberry planting scale also increasingly increases.Currently, Red bayberry planting technology falls behind, and fruit-setting rate is low, low output, is not able to satisfy demand in the market, therefore in order to blindly devote exclusive attention to output, adopt A large amount of fertilizer are applied with traditional fertilizing method, not from red bayberry growth characteristics, so that red bayberry absorbs fertilizer nutrient and do not fill Point, the yield for not only influencing red bayberry affects red bayberry quality, reduces red bayberry product moreover, red bayberry sweet tea part deficiency mouthfeel is bad Matter;Even because wanting deinsectization, improving appearance, and desinsection is carried out using toxic pesticide, red bayberry is dyed using coloring agent, Human health is seriously endangered.Therefore how overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, which is current red bayberry planting technology field, needs to solve Certainly the problem of.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome drawbacks described above, provide that a kind of yield is high, diseases and insect pests resistance is strong, product The implantation methods of the good high yield red bayberry of matter.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry, include the following steps:
(1) selection of land site preparation: select the faintly acid mountainous region that height above sea level is lower than 400 meters, sunny, loosing soil is fertile as kind Ground is planted, planting site weeds is removed, sprays soil disinfection liquid, deep plough after 10-15 days;
(2) open cave field planting: according to 6-7 meters of line-spacing, 3-4 meters of digging planting pits of spacing in the rows, planting pit radius is 40-50 centimetres, cave Deep 70-90 centimetres, one layer of bacteria residue is spread in planting pit bottom, one layer of soil of lid applies organic fertilizer, peat soil, charcoal, plant ash again Mixture, finally banket, poured into kind of plant hole plantation acupoint depth 2/3 water carry out it is heavy real;Choose robust growth, root system hair Reach, graft union healing, seedling stem are straight, red bayberry seedling of no disease and pests harm is as field planting seedling, cut off upper 1/3 blade of limb and cracking Red bayberry seedling is placed in taking root liquid before field planting and impregnates 3-5min by root, and then root wraps yellow mud and is put into planting pit, and earthing is fixed It plants, root water is watered with after compacting, surface covers one layer of loosening the soil containing soil conditioner;
(3) fertilizing management: weeding with a hoe after field planting, regular watering, and field planting applied special complex fertilizer after 20 days, and every plant 30-50 grams of application is poured after being diluted using 10 times of water and is applied;The treelet phase applies special complex fertilizer 2 times every year, and the manhood applies dedicated every year Compound fertilizer 3 times;1 decomposed manure of annual winter ditch spread, every plant of 40-60 kilograms of application;Fruiting period sprays special foliar fertilizer, often It was sprayed every 1 month primary;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: by building removal sick branch, deadwood;Red bayberry fruiting period sprays poplar using biological insecticides Plum fruit 1-3 times sprays 1 time every other week.
Preferably, step (1) the soil disinfection liquid is liquor potassic permanganate.
Preferably, step (2) organic fertilizer, peat soil, charcoal, plant ash weight ratio be 5-10:3-5:1-2: 1。
Preferably, step (2) every cave applies 20-35 kilograms of mixture.
Preferably, step (2) described organic fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 40-60 parts of sheep dung, wormcast 30-50 Part, 20-40 parts of dregs of beans, 20-30 parts of fertile soil, 15-30 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 5-10 parts of water-retaining agent.
Preferably, step (2) described taking root liquid includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 20-30 parts of tobacco extract, ginger mention Take 20-30 parts of liquid, 10-20 parts of glucose, 5-10 parts of amino acid, 3-8 parts of methyl jasmonate, 3-8 parts of salicylic acid.
Preferably, step (2) described soil conditioner is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 40-60 parts of attapulgite, swollen Swollen vermiculite 30-40 parts, 20-30 parts of humic acid, 10-20 parts of starch gel, 3-8 parts of bacteriostatic agent.
Preferably, step (3) described special complex fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 20-30 parts of urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 15-20 parts, 15-20 parts of potassium humate, 10-20 parts of potassium chloride, 10-20 parts of plant ash, 5-10 parts of microelement, rare-earth salts 3-5 Part.
Preferably, step (3) described special foliar fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 15-20 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, sulphur Sour manganese 5-10 parts, 4-8 parts of boric acid, 3-5 parts of amino acid, 1-3 parts of jasmonic potassium.
Preferably, step (4) described biological insecticides include the raw material of following parts by weight: 1-3 parts of frutus cnidii extracting solution, fish 3-5 parts of raw meat grass extracting solution, 5-10 parts of garlic extract, 5-10 parts of ginger extract, 300-500 parts of water.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The implantation methods of high yield red bayberry of the present invention carry out disinfection processing to planting site soil, planting pit spread one layer it is organic Fertilizer, peat soil, charcoal, plant ash carry out organic improving, increase soil fertility, and enhance the gas permeability of soil, improve soil sterilization Deinsectization ability, reduces the generation of pest and disease damage from the root, and addition soil conditioner improves the retain water and nutrients ability of soil;According to poplar The nutritional need of plum different growing stages applies fertilizer, using red bayberry special fertilizer, it is ensured that fertilizer amount is sufficient, fertility is lasting, accelerates red bayberry Growth improves red bayberry fruit-setting rate, and yield is high, and quality is good, mentions than 35% or more conventional method output increased, and than conventional red bayberry woods First 1 year or so production fruit, remarkable in economical benefits.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the present invention will be further explained below.It should be noted that for these implementations The explanation of mode is used to help understand the present invention, but and does not constitute a limitation of the invention.In addition, invention described below Technical characteristic involved in each embodiment can be combined with each other as long as they do not conflict with each other.
Embodiment 1
A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry, include the following steps:
(1) selection of land site preparation: select the faintly acid mountainous region that height above sea level is lower than 400 meters, sunny, loosing soil is fertile as kind Ground is planted, planting site weeds is removed, sprays liquor potassic permanganate, deep plough after 10-15 days;
(2) open cave field planting: according to 6 meters of line-spacing, 3 meters of digging planting pits of spacing in the rows, planting pit radius is 40 centimetres, and cave is 70 lis deep Rice spreads one layer of bacteria residue in planting pit bottom, and one layer of soil of lid is applied by weight again as 5:3:1:1 organic fertilizer, peat soil, biology The mixture of charcoal, plant ash, every cave apply 20 kilograms of mixture, and wherein organic fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: sheep dung 40 Part, 30 parts of wormcast, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 20 parts of fertile soil, 15 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 5 parts of water-retaining agent;It finally bankets, is poured in kind of plant hole The water for entering to plant acupoint depth 2/3 sink real;Selection robust growth, well developed root system, graft union heal, seedling stem is straight, without disease pest Harmful red bayberry seedling cuts off the root of upper 1/3 blade of limb and cracking, red bayberry seedling is placed on taking root liquid before field planting as field planting seedling Middle immersion 3min, wherein taking root liquid includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 20 parts of tobacco extract, 20 parts of ginger extract, grape Sugared 10 parts, 5 parts of amino acid, 3 parts of methyl jasmonate, 3 parts of salicylic acid;Then root wraps yellow mud and is put into planting pit, and earthing is fixed It plants, root water is watered with after compacting, surface covers one layer of loosening the soil containing soil conditioner, and wherein soil conditioner is by following weight The raw material composition of part: 40 parts of attapulgite, 30 parts of expanded vermiculite, 20 parts of humic acid, 10 parts of starch gel, 3 parts of bacteriostatic agent;
(3) fertilizing management: weeding with a hoe after field planting, regular watering, and field planting applied special complex fertilizer after 20 days, and every plant 30 grams of application is poured after being diluted using 10 times of water and is applied, and wherein special complex fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 20 parts of urea, phosphorus 15 parts of sour diammonium, 15 parts of potassium humate, 10 parts of potassium chloride, 10 parts of plant ash, 5 parts of microelement, 3 parts of rare-earth salts;The treelet phase is every Year application special complex fertilizer 2 times, the manhood applies special complex fertilizer 3 times every year;1 decomposed manure of annual winter ditch spread, every plant 40 kilograms of application;Fruiting period sprays special foliar fertilizer, sprays every 1 month once, wherein special foliar fertilizer includes following weight The raw material of part: 15 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 5 parts of manganese sulfate, 4 parts of boric acid, 3 parts of amino acid, 1 part of jasmonic potassium;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: by building removal sick branch, deadwood;Red bayberry fruiting period sprays poplar using biological insecticides Plum fruit 1-3 times sprays 1 time every other week, and wherein biological insecticides include the raw material of following parts by weight: frutus cnidii extracting solution 1 Part, 3 parts of Herba Houttuyniae extract, 5 parts of garlic extract, 5 parts of ginger extract, 300 parts of water.
Embodiment 2
A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry, include the following steps:
(1) selection of land site preparation: select the faintly acid mountainous region that height above sea level is lower than 400 meters, sunny, loosing soil is fertile as kind Ground is planted, planting site weeds is removed, sprays liquor potassic permanganate, deep plough after 10-15 days;
(2) open cave field planting: according to 7 meters of line-spacing, 3 meters of digging planting pits of spacing in the rows, planting pit radius is 45 centimetres, and cave is 80 lis deep Rice spreads one layer of bacteria residue in planting pit bottom, and one layer of soil of lid is applied by weight again as 8:3:1:1 organic fertilizer, peat soil, biology The mixture of charcoal, plant ash, every cave apply 30 kilograms of mixture, and wherein organic fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: sheep dung 50 Part, 40 parts of wormcast, 30 parts of dregs of beans, 25 parts of fertile soil, 20 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 8 parts of water-retaining agent;It finally bankets, is poured in kind of plant hole The water for entering to plant acupoint depth 2/3 sink real;Selection robust growth, well developed root system, graft union heal, seedling stem is straight, without disease pest Harmful red bayberry seedling cuts off the root of upper 1/3 blade of limb and cracking, red bayberry seedling is placed on taking root liquid before field planting as field planting seedling Middle immersion 4min, wherein taking root liquid includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 25 parts of tobacco extract, 25 parts of ginger extract, grape Sugared 15 parts, 8 parts of amino acid, 5 parts of methyl jasmonate, 5 parts of salicylic acid;Then root wraps yellow mud and is put into planting pit, and earthing is fixed It plants, root water is watered with after compacting, surface covers one layer of loosening the soil containing soil conditioner, and wherein soil conditioner is by following weight The raw material composition of part: 50 parts of attapulgite, 35 parts of expanded vermiculite, 25 parts of humic acid, 15 parts of starch gel, 5 parts of bacteriostatic agent;
(3) fertilizing management: weeding with a hoe after field planting, regular watering, and field planting applied special complex fertilizer after 20 days, and every plant 40 grams of application is poured after being diluted using 10 times of water and is applied, and wherein special complex fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 25 parts of urea, phosphorus 20 parts of sour diammonium, 15 parts of potassium humate, 15 parts of potassium chloride, 15 parts of plant ash, 8 parts of microelement, 5 parts of rare-earth salts;The treelet phase is every Year application special complex fertilizer 2 times, the manhood applies special complex fertilizer 3 times every year;1 decomposed manure of annual winter ditch spread, every plant 40-60 kilograms of application;Fruiting period sprays special foliar fertilizer, sprays every 1 month once, and wherein special foliar fertilizer includes following weight Measure the raw material of part: 20 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 8 parts of manganese sulfate, 5 parts of boric acid, 4 parts of amino acid, 2 parts of jasmonic potassium;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: by building removal sick branch, deadwood;Red bayberry fruiting period sprays poplar using biological insecticides Plum fruit 1-3 times sprays 1 time every other week, and wherein biological insecticides include the raw material of following parts by weight: frutus cnidii extracting solution 2 Part, 4 parts of Herba Houttuyniae extract, 6 parts of garlic extract, 8 parts of ginger extract, 400 parts of water.
Embodiment 3
A kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry, include the following steps:
(1) selection of land site preparation: select the faintly acid mountainous region that height above sea level is lower than 400 meters, sunny, loosing soil is fertile as kind Ground is planted, planting site weeds is removed, sprays liquor potassic permanganate, deep plough after 10-15 days;
(2) open cave field planting: according to 6-7 meters of line-spacing, 3-4 meters of digging planting pits of spacing in the rows, planting pit radius is 50 centimetres, cave deep 90 Centimetre, one layer of bacteria residue is spread in planting pit bottom, one layer of soil of lid is applied by weight again as 10:5:2:1 organic fertilizer, peat soil, life The mixture of object charcoal, plant ash, every cave apply 35 kilograms of mixture, and wherein organic fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: sheep dung 60 parts, 50 parts of wormcast, 40 parts of dregs of beans, 30 parts of fertile soil, 30 parts of Chinese medicine slag, 10 parts of water-retaining agent;It finally bankets, in kind of plant hole The water for pouring into plantation acupoint depth 2/3 sink real;Selection robust growth, well developed root system, graft union healing, seedling stem is straight, disease-free The red bayberry seedling of insect pest cuts off the root of upper 1/3 blade of limb and cracking, is placed on red bayberry seedling before field planting and takes root as field planting seedling 3-5min is impregnated in liquid, wherein taking root liquid includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 30 parts of tobacco extract, 30 parts of ginger extract, 20 parts of glucose, 0 part of amino acid 1,8 parts of methyl jasmonate, 8 parts of salicylic acid;Then root wraps yellow mud and is put into planting pit, covers Soil field planting is watered with root water after compacting, surface covers one layer of loosening the soil containing soil conditioner, and wherein soil conditioner is by as follows The raw material of parts by weight forms: 60 parts of attapulgite, 40 parts of expanded vermiculite, 30 parts of humic acid, 20 parts of starch gel, 8 parts of bacteriostatic agent;
(3) fertilizing management: weeding with a hoe after field planting, regular watering, and field planting applied special complex fertilizer after 20 days, and every plant 30-50 grams of application is poured after being diluted using 10 times of water and is applied, and wherein special complex fertilizer includes the raw material of following parts by weight: 30 parts of urea, 20 parts of Diammonium phosphate (DAP), 20 parts of potassium humate, 20 parts of potassium chloride, 20 parts of plant ash, 10 parts of microelement, 5 parts of rare-earth salts;The treelet phase Annual application special complex fertilizer 2 times, the manhood applies special complex fertilizer 3 times every year;1 decomposed manure of annual winter ditch spread, often 60 kilograms of strain application;Fruiting period sprays special foliar fertilizer, sprays every 1 month once, and wherein special foliar fertilizer includes following weight Measure the raw material of part: 20 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 parts of manganese sulfate, 8 parts of boric acid, 5 parts of amino acid, 3 parts of jasmonic potassium;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: by building removal sick branch, deadwood;Red bayberry fruiting period sprays poplar using biological insecticides Plum fruit 1-3 times sprays 1 time every other week, and wherein biological insecticides include the raw material of following parts by weight: frutus cnidii extracting solution 3 Part, 5 parts of Herba Houttuyniae extract, 10 parts of garlic extract, 10 parts of ginger extract, 500 parts of water.
The above are present pre-ferred embodiments, it is only applicable to the principle for helping to understand the embodiment of the present invention;Meanwhile for this The those skilled in the art in field, according to the present embodiment, there will be changes in terms of specific embodiments and scope of application, comprehensive Upper described, the contents of this specification are not to be construed as limiting the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of implantation methods of high yield red bayberry, which comprises the steps of:
(1) selection of land site preparation: select the faintly acid mountainous region that height above sea level is lower than 400 meters, sunny, loosing soil is fertile as plantation Ground removes planting site weeds, sprays soil disinfection liquid, deep plough after 10-15 days;
(2) open cave field planting: according to 6-7 meters of line-spacing, 3-4 meters of digging planting pits of spacing in the rows, planting pit radius is 40-50 centimetres, cave depth 70- 90 centimetres, one layer of bacteria residue is spread in planting pit bottom, one layer of soil of lid applies the mixing of organic fertilizer, peat soil, charcoal, plant ash again Object finally bankets, and the water that plantation acupoint depth 2/3 is poured into kind of plant hole sink real;It chooses robust growth, well developed root system, transfer Interface heals, seedling stem is straight, no disease and pests harm red bayberry seedling is as field planting seedling, cuts off the root of upper 1/3 blade of limb and cracking, Red bayberry seedling is placed in taking root liquid before field planting and impregnates 3-5min, then root wraps yellow mud and is put into planting pit, earthing field planting, pressure Root water is watered with after reality, surface covers one layer of loosening the soil containing soil conditioner;
(3) fertilizing management: weeding with a hoe after field planting, regular watering, and field planting applies special complex fertilizer, every plant of application after 20 days It 30-50 grams, pours and applies after being diluted using 10 times of water;The treelet phase applies special complex fertilizer 2 times every year, and the manhood applies specific complex every year Fertilizer 3 times;1 decomposed manure of annual winter ditch spread, every plant of 40-60 kilograms of application;Fruiting period sprays special foliar fertilizer, every 1 It sprays within a month primary;
(4) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control: by building removal sick branch, deadwood;Red bayberry fruiting period sprays red bayberry fruit using biological insecticides It is 1-3 times real, it sprays every other week 1 time.
2. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (1) the soil disinfection liquid For liquor potassic permanganate.
3. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) organic fertilizer, peat Soil, charcoal, plant ash weight ratio be 5-10:3-5:1-2:1.
4. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) every cave applies mixed Close 20-35 kilograms of object.
5. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) described organic fertilizer includes The raw material of following parts by weight: 40-60 parts of sheep dung, 30-50 parts of wormcast, 20-40 parts of dregs of beans, 20-30 parts of fertile soil, Chinese medicine slag 15-30 parts, 5-10 parts of water-retaining agent.
6. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) described taking root liquid includes The raw material of following parts by weight: 20-30 parts of tobacco extract, 20-30 parts of ginger extract, 10-20 parts of glucose, amino acid 5-10 Part, 3-8 parts of methyl jasmonate, 3-8 parts of salicylic acid.
7. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) described soil conditioner It is composed of the following raw materials in parts by weight: 40-60 parts of attapulgite, 30-40 parts of expanded vermiculite, 20-30 parts of humic acid, starch gel 10-20 parts, 3-8 parts of bacteriostatic agent.
8. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (3) described special complex fertilizer Raw material including following parts by weight: 20-30 parts of urea, 15-20 parts of Diammonium phosphate (DAP), 15-20 parts of potassium humate, potassium chloride 10-20 Part, 10-20 parts of plant ash, 5-10 parts of microelement, 3-5 parts of rare-earth salts.
9. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (3) described special foliar fertilizer Raw material including following parts by weight: 15-20 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 5-10 parts of manganese sulfate, 4-8 parts of boric acid, 3-5 parts of amino acid, jasmine 1-3 parts of jasmine acid potassium.
10. the implantation methods of high yield red bayberry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (4) described biological insecticides Raw material including following parts by weight: 1-3 parts of frutus cnidii extracting solution, 3-5 parts of Herba Houttuyniae extract, 5-10 parts of garlic extract, life 5-10 parts of ginger extracting solution, 300-500 parts of water.
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