CN109594544A - A kind of water surface cleaner - Google Patents

A kind of water surface cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109594544A
CN109594544A CN201910092690.0A CN201910092690A CN109594544A CN 109594544 A CN109594544 A CN 109594544A CN 201910092690 A CN201910092690 A CN 201910092690A CN 109594544 A CN109594544 A CN 109594544A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
unit
water
crawler belt
control unit
cleaner
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Pending
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CN201910092690.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张博曦
戴佳芃
王涛
周亚峰
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张博曦
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Publication date
Application filed by 张博曦 filed Critical 张博曦
Priority to CN201910092690.0A priority Critical patent/CN109594544A/en
Publication of CN109594544A publication Critical patent/CN109594544A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of water surface cleaner, into the water by water surface cleaner, it just starts to work after starting switch, hull advance and adjustment direction are promoted by movement propulsion unit, water surface cleaner can pass through one starting point of locating module label in starting point, crawler belt starts transmission rotation, rewinding shovel in front collects rubbish, the transmission of garbage utilization crawler belt after collection, after being sent to the crawler belt other end, it falls at rewinding notch, rubbish is entered in collecting box by rewinding notch, and then it is stored in collecting box and is collected, garbage collection is to a certain extent, water level sensor is incuded, feed back to middle control unit, crawler belt stops transmission, and starting point is looked for automatically, automatically it makes a return voyage, its the degree of automation is higher.Compared with the prior art, water surface cleaner provided by the invention, structure is simple, at low cost, high degree of automation, is suitable for large-scale popularization.

Description

A kind of water surface cleaner
Technical field
The present invention relates to cleaning technology field more particularly to a kind of water surface cleaners.
Background technique
Water surface cleaning ship is used to clear up the garbage on water at man-made lake, coastal waters and nearly river, but this water surface cleaning ship needs Manual operation is wanted, human cost can not be reduced, and the degree of automation is lower.With the development of science and technology having gone out currently on the market Water surface automatically-sensed cleaning ship is showed, water surface automatically-sensed cleaning ship is dedicated to clearing up the solid in the waters such as middle-size and small-size lake river Rubbish, by the rubbish of floating on water surface, (such as branch, agricultural crop straw, white plastic, house refuse and water plant are lacked automatically for it Measure animal carcass etc.), it directly compresses and ships from water surface salvaging, transport to destructor plant and handled.However, this water surface Automatically-sensed cleaning ship, although the degree of automation is higher, in the presence of structure is complicated, manufacturing cost is higher and can not large-scale popularization The problem of.
In the prior art, as the Chinese invention of Publication No. CN107672752A disclose a kind of intelligent cruise nobody Ship, including hull, propelling screws device, rudder blade, rudder stock, photographic device waterborne, underwater camera device, strainer, the sun Can solar panel, the first rotary electric machine, the second rotary electric machine, infrared induction module, battery, ups power, GPS positioning module, in Device, controller, wireless communication module and terminal module are controlled, propelling screws device is set to hull bottom rear, rudder blade setting It is connect in hull rear end and with hull by rudder stock, rudder stock connects the first rotary electric machine, and underwater camera device is set to hull bottom Portion's middle section position.The invention is easily operated, waterborne, double under water to take the photograph using solar powered, ups power auxiliary offer electric energy As head includes cruise situation, infrared induction module, which has sensed, is automatically performed salvaging using fishing device after floating material, is patrolled It ensure that the cleaning of the water surface while boat, there is very strong practicability.
The intelligent cruise unmanned boat that above patent document provides, although the degree of automation is higher, its structure is complex, Manufacturing cost is high, thus is unsuitable for promoting.Further, intelligent cruise unmanned boat provided by the above documents, strainer Memory capacity is limited, is unable to satisfy actually required.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to solve intelligent water surface cleaning ship in the prior art, structure is complicated, manufacturing cost is higher, Can not large-scale popularization the problem of.The present invention provides a kind of water surface cleaner, structure is simple, manufacturing cost is low, can largely push away Wide application.
The present invention provides a kind of water surface cleaner, including hull, movement propulsion unit, middle control unit, energy resource supply unit, Avoidance unit, garbage collection unit, crawler belt receiving unit;Wherein, middle control unit is arranged in hull;
The stern bottom of hull is arranged in movement propulsion unit, and movement propulsion unit is electrically connected with middle control unit, and middle control is single The working condition of member control movement propulsion unit;
Energy resource supply unit, avoidance unit, garbage collection unit, crawler belt receiving unit are arranged on the deck of hull;Its In,
The fore of hull is arranged in crawler belt receiving unit;
Garbage collection unit is arranged in side of the crawler belt receiving unit far from fore and passes through corbel back slab with crawler belt receiving unit It is connected;
Avoidance unit be arranged in crawler belt receiving unit far from garbage collection unit one end, for water hazard object into Row detection, and will test information and be sent to middle control unit, middle control unit controls motion control unit to adjust the traveling side of hull To avoidance unit is electrically connected to each other with middle control unit;
Energy resource supply unit is electrically connected with middle control unit, and middle control unit controls energy resource supply unit and mentions to movement propulsion unit For the energy.
By adopting the above technical scheme, middle control unit control movement propulsion unit realizes that automatically controlling hull advances or make a return voyage, And garbage collection unit, crawler belt receiving unit can be automated and be cleared up the rubbish of the water surface;Energy resource supply unit can provide more Kind power is continued a journey for a long time derived from movement propulsion unit, to realize.
Further, crawler belt receiving unit includes rewinding shovel, fixing axle, fixed plate, transport mechanism;
One end of fixed plate is connect with fore, and the other end is connected by fixing axle and rewinding shovel;
Transport mechanism includes gear assembly, transmission shaft component, motor and crawler belt;Wherein,
Transmission shaft component includes the first transmission shaft, second driving shaft, third transmission shaft;First transmission shaft, second driving shaft On the bow with the setting of third transmission shaft;
Crawler belt surrounds fixing axle, on second driving shaft, third transmission shaft and the first transmission shaft;
Motor is connect with third transmission shaft by belt;Second driving shaft, third transmission shaft and the first transmission shaft pass through tooth Wheel assembly transmits power.
By adopting the above technical scheme, motor and third transmission main shaft use V belt translation, the first transmission shaft, second driving shaft, It is driven between third transmission shaft using gear assembly;V belt translation can be realized apart from biggish power transmission, the location layout of motor It is opposite to be easier to;Gear assembly is driven the power transmission that large torque can be achieved, and it is accurate to have the advantages that power transmits, whole nothing It need to artificially participate in, the degree of automation is higher.
Further, crawler belt receiving unit further includes crawler track speeds detection sensor.
By adopting the above technical scheme, crawler track speeds detection sensor controls crawler belt rewinding, detects revolving speed using pwm module, So that refuse on water surface cleaning rate is higher.
Further, garbage collection unit includes rewinding notch and collecting box;Rewinding notch is arranged above deck, collecting box It is arranged in hull and corresponding position below rewinding notch.
By adopting the above technical scheme, garbage collection unit can automatically be collected rubbish, without manpower, structure Simply, and cost is relatively low.
Further, garbage collection unit further includes water level detecting module and alarm module, water level detecting module and warning The side wall of collecting box is arranged in module;Water level detecting module is compared according to the water level information detected with preset water level;When When water level information exceeds preset water level, alarm module is sounded an alarm, and sends alarm to middle control unit, middle control unit control fortune Dynamic propulsion unit makes a return voyage.
By adopting the above technical scheme, garbage collection unit further includes water level detecting module and alarm module, water level detecting mould Block to detect collecting box collection whether finish, thus, personalization degree is higher.
Further, one end that crawler belt is shoveled far from rewinding is arranged in corbel back slab, and corbel back slab one end connects with crawler belt, the other end and receipts Hopper mouth is connected.
By adopting the above technical scheme, corbel back slab can be used for for the rubbish flower on crawler belt being sent at rewinding notch, make garbage reclamation It is more efficient.
Further, moving propulsion unit includes at least two vane wheel propellers, and vane wheel propeller includes propeller impeller, drives Motivation and steering engine, wherein
Steering engine includes the first steering engine and the second steering engine, and two sides of the bottom on the quarter are respectively set in the first steering engine and the second steering engine;
Driving machine includes the first driving machine and the second driving machine;First driving machine is connect with the first steering engine, the second driving machine It is connect with the second steering engine;
Propeller impeller includes the first propeller impeller and the second propeller impeller, and the first propeller impeller is arranged first In the drive shaft of driving machine, the second propeller impeller is arranged in the drive shaft of the second driving machine.
By adopting the above technical scheme, movement propulsion unit includes propeller impeller, driving machine and steering engine, and structure is simple, It is easily operated.
Further, avoidance unit includes avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor, and avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor is electrically connected with middle control unit It connects.
By adopting the above technical scheme, by the way that avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor is arranged, avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor can be from innervation Answer hull advance front rubbish or obstacle, and with middle control unit matching, to control water surface cleaner automatic obstacle-avoiding, personalization Degree is higher.
Further, energy resource supply unit includes wind-driven generator and/or solar panel.
By adopting the above technical scheme, hull prepare energy resource supply unit, energy resource supply unit include wind-driven generator and/or Solar panel is, it can be achieved that long lasting for continuation of the journey.
It further, further include the unit that takes home, the unit that takes home includes GPS module;GPS module is for marking ship The current location after starting point and traveling before body traveling, and starting point and current location are conveyed to middle control unit;Middle control Unit makes return route according to current location and starting point, and controls movement propulsion unit and make a return voyage automatically.
By adopting the above technical scheme, using GPS module, it can be achieved that automatic emergency makes a return voyage.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention provides a kind of water surface cleaner, which has the function of clearing up rubbish automatically, also has It takes home and barrier avoiding function.In actual operation, first by water surface cleaner into the water, just start work after starting switch Make, hull advance and adjustment direction is promoted by movement propulsion unit, water surface cleaner can pass through GPS module in starting point and mark One starting point, crawler belt start transmission rotation, and rewinding shovel in front collects rubbish.The transmission of garbage utilization crawler belt after collection, quilt After being transmitted to the crawler belt other end, fall at rewinding notch.Rubbish is entered in collecting box by rewinding notch, and then is stored in It is collected in collecting box.To a certain extent, water level sensor is incuded for garbage collection, feeds back to middle control unit, and crawler belt stops It only transmits, and looks for starting point automatically, make a return voyage automatically.In water surface cleaner motion process, the control of avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor Water surface cleaner avoidance, enables water surface cleaner automatic obstacle-avoiding, and the degree of automation is higher.
Water surface cleaner provided by the invention, compared with the prior art, structure is relatively simple, and manufacturing cost is low, automatic Change degree is high, is suitable for large-scale popularization.
In addition, water surface cleaner provided by the invention, hull prepares energy resource supply unit, it can be achieved that long lasting for continuous Boat.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of water surface cleaner overall structure diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the axonometric drawing of water surface cleaner shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 3 is the knot that propulsion unit, energy supply unit are moved in a kind of water surface cleaner provided in an embodiment of the present invention Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of water surface cleaner middle gear component provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of transmission shaft component in a kind of water surface cleaner provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is circuit diagram in a kind of water surface cleaner provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Appended drawing reference:
1: hull;11: deck;12: stern bottom;13: fore;2: movement propulsion unit;21: propeller impeller;211: First propeller impeller;212: the second propeller impellers;22: driving machine;221: the first driving machines;222: the second driving machines;3: Middle control unit;4: avoidance unit;5: garbage collection unit;51: rewinding notch;52: collecting box;53: water level detecting module;54: Alarm module;6: crawler belt receiving unit;61: rewinding shovel;62: fixing axle;63: transport mechanism;631: transmission shaft component;6311: First transmission shaft;6312: second driving shaft;6313: third transmission shaft;632: crawler belt;633: gear assembly;634: motor;64: Fixed plate;65: crawler track speeds detection sensor;7: corbel back slab;8: take home unit;9: energy resource supply unit;91: solar-electricity Pond plate;92: wind-driven generator.
Specific embodiment
Clear, complete description is carried out to technical solution of the present invention below by attached drawing, it is clear that described embodiment It is a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, ordinary skill people Member's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term " center ", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" are orientation based on the figure or positional relationship, are only For the convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, rather than in order to indicate or imply that signified device or element must have spy Fixed orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore is not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " are used for description purposes only, and it should not be understood as indicating or imply Relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that it explicitly provides and limits unless there are separately having, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection " should broadly understood, such as may be a fixed connection, and may be a detachable connection or integrally connected;It can To be mechanical connection, it is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be and be directly connected to, be also possible to connect by intermediary, can be two Connection inside a element.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood in this hair with concrete condition Meaning in bright.
To solve the problems, such as that structure is complicated, manufacturing cost is high for intelligent water surface cleaner in the prior art.As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Shown in Fig. 6, a kind of water surface cleaner is present embodiments provided, including hull 1, movement propulsion unit 2, middle control unit 3, the energy supply To unit 9, avoidance unit 4, garbage collection unit 5, crawler belt receiving unit 6, wherein middle control unit 3 is arranged in hull 1, fortune The stern bottom 12 of hull 1 is arranged in dynamic propulsion unit 2, and movement propulsion unit 2 is electrically connected with middle control unit 3, and middle control unit 3 is controlled The working condition of system movement propulsion unit 2, energy resource supply unit 9, avoidance unit 4, garbage collection unit 5, crawler belt receiving unit 6 It is arranged on the deck 11 of hull 1, wherein the fore 13 of hull 1 is arranged in crawler belt receiving unit 6, and garbage collection unit 5 is arranged It is connected in side of the crawler belt receiving unit 6 far from fore 13 and with crawler belt receiving unit 6 by corbel back slab 7, the setting of avoidance unit 4 exists Far from one end of garbage collection unit 5 in crawler belt receiving unit 6, for detecting to water hazard object, and information will test It is sent to middle control unit 3, middle control unit 3 controls motion control unit 2 to adjust the direction of travel of hull 1, and avoidance unit 4 is in Control unit 3 is electrically connected to each other;Middle control unit 3 controls energy resource supply unit 9 and provides the energy in movement propulsion unit 2, energy resource supply Unit 9 is electrically connected with middle control unit 3.
Specifically, the stern bottom 12 of hull 1, movement propulsion unit 2 and middle control unit 3 is arranged in movement propulsion unit 2 Electrical connection, the working condition of middle control unit 3 control movement propulsion unit 2.In specific works, movement propulsion unit 2 is for promoting Hull 1 is advanced according to the instruction that set route or middle control unit 3 issue, and during traveling, the deck of hull 1 is arranged in Crawler belt receiving unit 6 on 11 starts to collect garbage on water, and the garbage on water being collected into is passed by crawler belt receiving unit 6 Garbage collection unit 5 is given, garbage collection unit 5 is arranged in side of the crawler belt receiving unit 6 far from fore 13 and receives with crawler belt Material unit 6 is connected by corbel back slab 7, thus rubbish is transported to garbage collection unit 5 by crawler belt receiving unit 6 and corbel back slab 7, rubbish Rubbish collector unit 5 is responsible for the storage of rubbish.When the garbage collection in garbage collection unit 5 to garbage collection unit 5 storage most When big limitation, middle control unit 3 control movement propulsion unit 2 adjusts the direction of travel of hull 1, so that hull 1 smoothly makes a return voyage.
As shown in fig. 6, hull 1 is also configured with avoidance unit 4, avoidance in the traveling of entire hull 1 and during make a return voyage One end in crawler belt receiving unit 6 far from garbage collection unit 5 is arranged in unit 4, for being detected to water hazard object, if When avoidance unit 4 detects that there is barrier in the traveling of hull 1 front, avoidance unit 4 will test information and be sent to middle control unit 3, in Control unit 3 controls motion control unit 2 to adjust the direction of travel of hull 1.Specifically, avoidance unit 4 and middle control unit 3 are each other Electrical connection, with this, avoidance unit 4 will test information and send middle control unit 3 to as electronic signals, and middle control unit 3 receives After hull 1 encounters the detection information of barrier, the detection information is sent to movement propulsion unit in the form of electric signal 2, movement propulsion unit 2 adjusts the direction of travel of hull 1, and the barrier in the front of hull 1 is hidden with this so that hull 1 from Dynamicization degree is higher.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, more specifically, hull 1 is also configured with energy resource supply unit 9, and energy resource supply unit 9 is arranged On deck 11, when energy resource supply unit 9 stores enough energy, during energy resource supply unit 9 sends energy information to Unit 3 is controlled, middle control unit 3 controls energy supply unit 9 and sends energy to movement propulsion unit 2, so that movement propulsion unit 2 Enough power supports are obtained, promote hull 1 to advance or make a return voyage with this.
In addition, moving propulsion unit 2 when being short of power of propulsion unit 2 of movement for the information that is short of power and passing through electricity Signal sends middle control unit 3 to, and middle control unit 3 controls energy resource supply unit 9 and puts aside energy, and the energy of the savings is sent to Move propulsion unit 2, it is ensured that movement propulsion unit 2 possesses enough power supports, and water surface cleaner is avoided to stop because being short of power It only works, influences the process of refuse on water surface.
It is to be appreciated that the working condition of movement propulsion unit refers specifically to: water surface cleaner is advanced, and carries out garbage collection Working condition and water surface cleaner make a return voyage after the completion of this cleaning, or need the work shape that makes a return voyage of meeting an urgent need State.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 5, further, crawler belt receiving unit 6 includes that 61, fixing axle 62, fixed plate are shoveled in rewinding 64, one end of transport mechanism 63, fixed plate 64 is connect with fore 13, and the other end is connect by fixing axle 62 with rewinding shovel 61, is passed Sending mechanism 63 includes gear assembly 633, transmission shaft component 631, motor 634 and crawler belt 632, wherein transmission shaft component 631 includes First transmission shaft 6311, second driving shaft 6312, third transmission shaft 6313, the first transmission shaft 6311,6312 and of second driving shaft The setting of third transmission shaft 6313 on the bow 13.
Crawler belt 632 surrounds fixing axle 62, second driving shaft 6312, third transmission shaft 6313 and the first transmission shaft 6311 On.
Motor 634 is connect with third transmission shaft 6313 by belt, second driving shaft 6312, third transmission shaft 6313 and One transmission shaft 6311 transmits power by gear assembly 633.
Specifically, as described above, then crawler belt receiving unit 6 will be cleaned to for clearing up the rubbish of the water surface Rubbish be delivered to garbage collection unit 5 and stored.Specifically, crawler belt receiving unit 6 includes at the fore 13 of hull 1 Rewinding shovel 61, the tail portion of rewinding shovel 61 by fixing axle 62 and the setting of fixed plate 64 on the bow at 13, prevent rewinding shovel 61 from It falls off on hull 1.
During rewinding, garbage on water is floated under the action of water flow first on rewinding shovel 61, and rewinding shovel 61 is flat Plate shovel, rewinding shovel 61 are a certain included angle with the water surface, and garbage on water is facilitated to float on rewinding shovel 61.Next, rewinding shovel 61 Tail portion connect with fixing axle 62, and crawler belt 632 surrounds in fixing axle 62, i.e., rewinding shovel 61 is connected with 632 one end of crawler belt.Cause And the garbage on water on rewinding shovel 61 can further float slide into on the crawler belt 632 that is connected of tail portion of rewinding shovel 61, then crawler belt Garbage on water is sent in garbage collection unit 5 and stores by 632.
It is to be appreciated that prevent the rubbish floated on rewinding shovel 61 from floating from rewinding shovel 61 under the action of water flow Walk, and the garbage on water being transmitted on crawler belt 632 from crawler belt two sides slide, can rewinding shovel 61 two sides and crawler belt 632 two sides add baffle, the concrete shape of baffle and the height in vertical direction, depend on the circumstances, the present embodiment pair This is not especially limited.
As shown in figure 4, more specifically, the first transmission shaft 6311, second driving shaft 6312 and third transmission shaft 6313 are arranged On the bow 13, in the present embodiment, the first transmission shaft 6311, second driving shaft 6312 and third transmission shaft 6313 are in vertical direction On be arranged successively, while second driving shaft 6312, the first transmission shaft 6311 and third transmission shaft 6313 are along the traveling side of hull 1 To being arranged successively.In simple terms, the first transmission shaft 6311, second driving shaft 6312, third transmission shaft 6313 are from the side of hull 1 From the point of view of, it is in triangle arrangement, so that the crawler belt 632 of wrapping on it is in tensioned state, facilitates the conveying of garbage on water.
More specifically, motor 634 is connect with third transmission shaft 6313 by belt;Second driving shaft 6312, third transmission Axis 6313 and the first transmission shaft 6311 pass through the transmitting power of gear assembly 633.Motor 634 is first sent to power by belt Third transmission shaft 6313, third transmission shaft 6313 and the first transmission shaft 6311 pass through gear assembly 633, thus third transmission shaft 6313 send power to first transmission shaft 6311 by gear assembly 633, and the first transmission shaft 6311 is also by gear assembly 633 Power is transmitted to second driving shaft 6312, realizes that crawler belt 632 surrounds fixing axle 62 with this, in second driving shaft 6312, third It is driven on transmission shaft 6313 and the first transmission shaft 6311, the rubbish collected on crawler belt 632 is connected from rewinding shovel 61 One end be delivered to the other end being connected with garbage collection unit 5, which is the highest point of crawler belt 632, garbage on water After being fallen from the highest point, stored in garbage collection unit 5.For make the rubbish on crawler belt 632 preferably from receipts The connected one end of shovel 61 is transported at garbage collection unit 5, is carried out the storage of rubbish, can be set at the highest point of crawler belt 632 Scraper plate is set, the rubbish being transported at 632 highest point of crawler belt is scraped by the scraper plate, is smoothly fallen in garbage collection unit 5 It is stored.
It is to be appreciated that in the present embodiment, the model of motor 634 can be with are as follows: Y2-90S-2 type motor, motor 634 Power model and gear assembly 633 model view concrete condition selection, the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, further, crawler belt receiving unit 6 further includes crawler track speeds detection sensor 65.
Specifically, crawler track speeds detection sensor 65 is used to detect the transmission speed and power of crawler belt 632, so that crawler belt The speeds match for the rubbish that 632 transmission speed and rewinding shovel 61 are collected, that is to say, that the transmission speed and rewinding of crawler belt 632 The garbage collection speed of shovel 61 is proportional, both guarantees that the rubbish being collected into is transported in time at garbage collection unit 5, Be not in the unloaded transmission of crawler belt 632, caused by energy waste.
More specifically, when the transmission speed for the crawler belt 632 that crawler track speeds detection sensor 65 detects is excessive, crawler belt speed The velocity information that degree detection sensor 632 will test sends middle control unit 3 to, and middle control unit 3, which controls crawler belt 632, reduces its biography Dynamic speed.When the transmission speed for the crawler belt 632 that crawler track speeds detection sensor 65 detects is too small, crawler track speeds detection sensing The velocity information that device 65 will test sends middle control unit 3 to, and middle control unit 3 controls crawler belt 632 and improves its transmission speed.
It is to be appreciated that crawler track speeds detection sensor 65 can be 59040-1-S- common to those skilled in the art Any one in 02-F type speed detection sensor or the velocity sensor of other models, the present embodiment does not make this to have Body limits.
Water surface cleaner provided in this embodiment, crawler track speeds detection sensor 65 controls 632 rewinding of crawler belt, so that crawler belt 632 transmission speed and the garbage collection speed of rewinding shovel 61 are proportional, both guarantee that the rubbish being collected into is transported in time To garbage collection unit 5, the unloaded transmission of crawler belt 632 will not occur, caused by energy waste.
As shown in Figure 1, further, garbage collection unit 5 includes rewinding notch 51 and collecting box 52, rewinding notch 51 is set It sets on deck 11, collecting box 52 is arranged in hull 1 and corresponding position below rewinding notch 51.
Specifically, as described above, garbage collection unit 5 is for storing the rubbish being collected on crawler belt 632.Garbage collection Unit 5 includes rewinding notch 51 and collecting box 52, and rewinding notch 51 is arranged on deck 11, and collecting box 52 is arranged in hull 1 Position corresponding with 51 lower section of rewinding notch.After rubbish is transported at rewinding notch 51 by crawler belt 632, falls into setting and receiving It is stored in the collecting box 52 of the corresponding position in 51 lower section of hopper mouth.Collecting box 52 is arranged in hull 1, the inside of hull 1 Space compares larger, thus the internal storage space of collecting box 52 can be set bigger, and hull 1 sets out progress every time When garbage collection, collecting box 52 makes a return voyage again after can store more rubbish, saves the job costs of hull 1.It needs to manage Solution, the memory space of collecting box 52 can be set according to actual needs, meet it is actually required, the present embodiment to this not Make specific limit.
As shown in fig. 6, further, garbage collection unit 5 further includes water level detecting module 53 and alarm module 54, water level The side wall of collecting box 52 is arranged in detection module 53 and alarm module 54.Specifically, the side wall of collecting box 52 is provided with water level quarter The weight of the rubbish stored in degree, level scale and collecting box 52 is at certain corresponding relationship.Water level detecting module 53 is according to detection Water level information out, is compared with preset water level, i.e., the side wall of collecting box 52 is provided with level scale and is compared.Work as water When position information exceeds preset water level, i.e., the upper limit value of level scale when, water level detecting module 53 regards as storage in collecting box 52 Garbage on water reach saturation, at this point, alarm module 54 sounds an alarm, and send alarm to middle control unit 3, middle control unit 3 Control movement propulsion unit 2 makes a return voyage.The weight of the rubbish stored in level scale and collecting box 52 at certain corresponding relationship according to Actual needs is set, and the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
It is to be appreciated that the model of water level detecting module 53 can be with are as follows: HD350-A/HD350-B type level switch; The model of alarm module 54 can be with are as follows: GDB-20W liquid level wireless alarm.Specifically, water level detecting module 53 and alarm module 54 model or power can be depending on the circumstances, and the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
Further, the one end of crawler belt 632 far from rewinding shovel 61 is arranged in corbel back slab 7, and 7 one end of corbel back slab connects with crawler belt 632, The other end is connected with rewinding notch 51.It can smoothly enter at rewinding notch 51 in order to facilitate the garbage on water on crawler belt 632, it can be Close to one end of rewinding notch 51 setting corbel back slab 7, the rubbish on crawler belt 632 is drained to by corbel back slab 7 for rewinding notch 51 and crawler belt 632 At rewinding notch 51, then fall into storing in the collecting box 52 of the lower section of rewinding notch 51.It is to be appreciated that corbel back slab 7 and first There is certain inclination angle, so that garbage on water preferably slides at rewinding notch 51 under the effect of gravity between plate 11.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, further, in water surface cleaner provided in this embodiment, movement propulsion unit 2 includes At least two vane wheel propellers, vane wheel propeller include propeller impeller 21, driving machine 22 and steering engine (not shown);Its In,
Steering engine includes the first steering engine and the second steering engine, and 12 liang of bottom on the quarter are respectively set in the first steering engine and the second steering engine Side, steering engine are used to adjust the direction of travel of hull 1;
Driving machine 22 includes the first driving machine 221 and the second driving machine 222, and the first driving machine 221 is connect with the first steering engine, Second driving machine 222 is connect with the second steering engine, and driving machine 22 is used to provide power, to drive the traveling of hull 1 or make a return voyage.
Propeller impeller 21 includes the first propeller impeller 211 and the second propeller impeller 212, the first propeller impeller 211 are arranged in the drive shaft of the first driving machine 221, and the drive shaft of the second driving machine 222 is arranged in the second propeller impeller 212 On, propeller impeller 21 is used to cooperate with steering engine, to adjust the traveling of hull 1 or make a return voyage.
It is to be appreciated that the model of driving machine 22 can be with are as follows: TCP7144 750W B14 type driving machine, driving machine 22 Concrete model, power select according to actual needs, as long as meeting actually required, the present embodiment is not especially limited this. In addition, the model of propeller impeller 21 can be with are as follows: 9 1/4*9-J type propeller impellers, can also be not limited to the present embodiment to The model and structure of propeller impeller 21 out, can specifically select, the present embodiment does not limit this specifically according to actual needs It is fixed.In addition, the model of steering engine can be with are as follows: 6221 type steering engine of JX can also be not limited to the model for the steering engine that the present embodiment provides And structure, it can specifically select according to actual needs, the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
As shown in fig. 6, further, avoidance unit 4 includes avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor (not shown), ultrasonic wave is kept away Barrier sensor is electrically connected with middle control unit 3.
Specifically, avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor is used to detect water hazard object, if avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor is examined When measuring the traveling of hull 1 front has barrier, avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor will test information and be sent to middle control unit 3, and middle control is single Member 3 controls motion control unit 2 to adjust the direction of travel of hull 1, and the barrier in 1 front of hull is hidden with this.Specifically, Avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor is electrically connected to each other with middle control unit 3, and with this, avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor will test information with electric signal Form send middle control unit 3 to, after middle control unit 3 receives the detection information that hull 1 encounters barrier, by the information with The form of electric signal sends movement propulsion unit 2 to, and movement propulsion unit 2 adjusts the direction of travel of hull 1, hides ship with this The barrier in 1 front of body, so that the degree of automation of hull 1 is higher.
It is to be appreciated that the model of avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor can be with are as follows: 3C-GO HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor, The model of specific avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor can be not limited to the model that the present embodiment provides, if meet it is actually required i.e. Can, the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, further, energy resource supply unit 9 provided in this embodiment, including wind-driven generator 92 And/or solar panel 91.
As described above, energy supply unit 9 is realized for providing the power of hull 1 long lasting for continuation of the journey.Specifically , energy resource supply unit 9 includes wind-driven generator 92 and/or solar panel 91.
That is, energy supply unit 9 both can provide power support to hull 1 only with wind-driven generator 92, Power support can be provided to hull 1 only with solar panel 91, wind-driven generator 92 and the sun can also be used simultaneously Energy solar panel 91 provides power support to hull 1.
Specifically, when encountering fine day calm weather power branch can be provided to hull 1 using solar panel 91 It holds.When encountering cloudy windy day, power support can be provided to hull 1 using wind-driven generator 92.Or works as and encounter When fine day and the weather to blow, power branch can be provided to hull 1 using wind-driven generator 92 and solar panel 91 simultaneously It holds.It is specifically chosen which kind of power resources, depending on the circumstances, the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
It is to be appreciated that the model of wind-driven generator 92 can be with are as follows: NE-700w type wind-driven generator;Solar battery The model of plate 91 can be with are as follows: XKD-150W type solar panel.The type of specific wind-driven generator 92, solar panel 91 Number or power can be depending on the circumstances, the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
As shown in fig. 6, further, water surface cleaner provided in this embodiment further includes the unit 8 that takes home, emergency The unit 8 that makes a return voyage includes GPS module (not shown), after GPS module is for the starting point and traveling before marking hull 1 to advance Current location, and starting point and current location are conveyed to middle control unit 3, single 3 yuan of middle control according to current location and starting point Return route is made, and controls movement propulsion unit 2 and makes a return voyage automatically.
Specifically, GPS module before hull 1 sets out, is sent to after the location information label of the starting point before setting out to it Middle control unit 3, subsequent hull 1, which starts to advance, carries out refuse on water surface, after the rubbish saturation that water surface cleaner is collected into, or When person's water surface cleaning ship needs to take home, the position instantly of hull 1 is marked in GPS module, and mark information is transmitted To middle control unit 3, the location information of middle control unit 3 according to the location information of the starting point of hull 1 and instantly makes road of making a return voyage Line, and send return route to movement propulsion unit 2, movement propulsion unit 2 controls hull 1 and makes a return voyage.
It is to be appreciated that the model of GPS module can be with are as follows: USR-G780 V2 type locating module, or its alloytype Number locating module, the present embodiment is not especially limited this.
Water surface cleaner provided in this embodiment, the water surface cleaner have the function of clearing up rubbish automatically also have and answer Urgency is maked a return voyage and barrier avoiding function.In actual operation, first by water surface cleaner into the water, just start to work after starting switch, Hull advance and adjustment direction are promoted by movement propulsion unit, water surface cleaner can pass through GPS module label one in starting point A starting point, crawler belt start transmission rotation, and rewinding shovel in front collects rubbish, and the transmission of the garbage utilization crawler belt after collection is passed It after being sent to the crawler belt other end, falls at rewinding notch, rubbish is entered in collecting box by rewinding notch, and then is stored in receipts It is collected in header, to a certain extent, water level sensor is incuded for garbage collection, feeds back to middle control unit, and crawler belt stops Transmission, and starting point is looked for automatically, it makes a return voyage automatically, in water surface cleaner motion process, avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor controls water Face cleaner avoidance, enables water surface cleaner automatic obstacle-avoiding, and the degree of automation is higher.
Water surface cleaner provided in this embodiment, compared with the prior art, structure is relatively simple, manufacturing cost is low, from Dynamicization degree is high, is suitable for large-scale popularization.
In addition, water surface cleaner provided by the invention, hull prepares energy resource supply unit, it can be achieved that long lasting for continuous Boat.
The above content is specific embodiment is combined, further detailed description of the invention, and it cannot be said that this hair Bright specific implementation is only limited to these instructions.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, it is not taking off Under the premise of from present inventive concept, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, all shall be regarded as belonging to protection of the invention Range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of water surface cleaner, which is characterized in that including hull, movement propulsion unit, middle control unit, energy resource supply unit, Avoidance unit, garbage collection unit, crawler belt receiving unit;Wherein,
The middle control unit is arranged in the hull;
The stern bottom of the hull, the movement propulsion unit and the middle control unit electricity is arranged in the movement propulsion unit Connection, the middle control unit control the working condition of the movement propulsion unit;
The energy resource supply unit, the avoidance unit, the garbage collection unit, the crawler belt receiving unit are arranged described On the deck of hull;Wherein,
The fore of the hull is arranged in the crawler belt receiving unit;
The garbage collection unit be arranged in the side of the crawler belt receiving unit far from the fore and with the crawler belt rewinding Unit is connected by corbel back slab;
One end in the crawler belt receiving unit far from the garbage collection unit is arranged in the avoidance unit, to water hazard Object is detected, and be will test information and be sent to the middle control unit, and the middle control unit, which controls the motion control unit, to be come The direction of travel of the hull is adjusted, the avoidance unit is electrically connected to each other with the middle control unit;
The energy resource supply unit is electrically connected with the middle control unit, and the middle control unit controls the energy resource supply unit to institute It states movement propulsion unit and the energy is provided.
2. water surface cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crawler belt receiving unit includes that rewinding shovels, is solid Dead axle, fixed plate, transport mechanism;
One end of the fixed plate is connect with the fore, and the other end is connected by the fixing axle and rewinding shovel;
The transport mechanism includes gear assembly, transmission shaft component, motor and crawler belt;Wherein,
The transmission shaft component includes the first transmission shaft, second driving shaft, third transmission shaft;First transmission shaft, described Two transmission shafts and the third transmission shaft are arranged in the fore, and the crawler belt surrounds the fixing axle, second transmission On axis, the third transmission shaft and first transmission shaft;
The motor is connect with the third transmission shaft by belt;The second driving shaft, the third transmission shaft and described First transmission shaft transmits power by the gear assembly.
3. water surface cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the crawler belt receiving unit further includes crawler track speeds Detection sensor.
4. water surface cleaner according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the garbage collection unit include rewinding notch and Collecting box;The rewinding notch is arranged on the deck, and the collecting box is arranged in the hull and the rewinding notch Corresponding position.
5. water surface cleaner according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the garbage collection unit further includes water level detecting The side wall of the collecting box is arranged in module and alarm module, the water level detecting module and the alarm module;The water level Detection module is compared according to the water level information detected with preset water level;When the water level information exceeds the default water When position, the alarm module is sounded an alarm, and sends the alarm to the middle control unit, described in the middle control unit controls Movement propulsion unit makes a return voyage.
6. water surface cleaner according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the corbel back slab setting is in the crawler belt far from described One end of rewinding shovel, described corbel back slab one end connect with the crawler belt, and the other end is connected with the rewinding notch.
7. water surface cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the movement propulsion unit includes at least two leaves Propeller is taken turns, the vane wheel propeller includes propeller impeller, driving machine and steering engine, wherein
The steering engine includes the first steering engine and the second steering engine, and first steering engine and second steering engine are separately positioned on the ship Tail two sides of the bottom;
The driving machine includes the first driving machine and the second driving machine, and first driving machine is connect with first steering engine, institute The second driving machine is stated to connect with second steering engine;
The propeller impeller includes the first propeller impeller and the second propeller impeller, and the first propeller impeller setting exists In the drive shaft of first driving machine, the second propeller impeller is arranged in the drive shaft of second driving machine.
8. water surface cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the avoidance unit includes avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensing Device, the avoiding obstacles by supersonic wave sensor are electrically connected with the middle control unit.
9. water surface cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the energy resource supply unit includes wind-driven generator And/or solar panel.
10. water surface cleaner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include the unit that takes home, the emergency is returned The unit that navigates includes GPS module, and the GPS module is for the present bit after the starting point and traveling before marking the hull to advance It sets, and the starting point and the current location is conveyed to the middle control unit, the middle control unit is according to the present bit It sets and makes return route with the starting point, and control the movement propulsion unit and make a return voyage automatically.
CN201910092690.0A 2019-01-30 2019-01-30 A kind of water surface cleaner Pending CN109594544A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110080156A (en) * 2019-05-06 2019-08-02 河海大学文天学院 A kind of sandy beach rubbish clears up trolley and its working method automatically
CN110844010A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-28 徐州市贾汪区佳顺水产养殖专业合作社 Clean device for surface of water that efficiency is high
CN111851445A (en) * 2020-05-17 2020-10-30 自然资源部第一海洋研究所 Marine waste collecting and salvaging device
CN111979998A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-11-24 陕西科技大学 Water surface cleaning device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110080156A (en) * 2019-05-06 2019-08-02 河海大学文天学院 A kind of sandy beach rubbish clears up trolley and its working method automatically
CN110844010A (en) * 2019-11-18 2020-02-28 徐州市贾汪区佳顺水产养殖专业合作社 Clean device for surface of water that efficiency is high
CN111851445A (en) * 2020-05-17 2020-10-30 自然资源部第一海洋研究所 Marine waste collecting and salvaging device
CN111979998A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-11-24 陕西科技大学 Water surface cleaning device

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