CN109588350A - A kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalination cyclic culture method - Google Patents

A kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalination cyclic culture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109588350A
CN109588350A CN201811289785.3A CN201811289785A CN109588350A CN 109588350 A CN109588350 A CN 109588350A CN 201811289785 A CN201811289785 A CN 201811289785A CN 109588350 A CN109588350 A CN 109588350A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water body
breeding
seedling
feed
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CN201811289785.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄海洪
石久桂
类延菊
邹万生
陈倩
伍莹怡
杨福东
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Hunan Baifuteng Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Hunan Baifuteng Ecological Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811289785.3A priority Critical patent/CN109588350A/en
Publication of CN109588350A publication Critical patent/CN109588350A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • A23K10/18Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions of live microorganisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalinate cyclic culture method, including water transfer, train water, put seedling, Fen Chi, aquaculture management, cultivating wastewater purification, water body recovery technology recycling and etc..The present invention by can settling suspension object amount control, the control of bait etc., effectively improve the utilization rate of bait, mitigate water body ammonia nitrogen problem, prevent water pollution, disease generation etc., the water that changes compared to the prior art changes bottom, aquaculture cost (about 15% or so) is effectively reduced, ensure that the yield of prawn.

Description

A kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalination cyclic culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production to desalinate cyclic culture method, belongs to aquaculture technology neck Domain.
Background technique
Penaeus Vannmei is one of big shrimps of world today's cultured output highest three.Penaeus Vannmei delicious meat is right Forage protein content requirement is low, processing dressing percentage is up to 67%, and suitable temperature range is wide, can grow at 18-32 DEG C, and proper salinity level is also wide, It can be grown under the conditions of salinity 1-40 ‰, be a kind of excellent desalination cultivation kind.
But in current culture of Penaeus vannamei, it is primarily present following problem: 1, to pursue high yield, then feeding Excessive bait, and the protein that only about 20-30% is fed in bait is converted adult fish and obtains object, cannot largely be utilized and deposit It is in breeding water body, causes water body ammonia nitrogen problem, then causes the cultivation problems such as water pollution is serious, disease is multiple;2, mistake Fertilizer training water, causes the suspension object amount that can be settled excessive, these excessive suspended matters can block the cheek of prawn, influence prawn just Often breathing, has an impact cultivation survival rate.
In response to the above problems 1, a variety of methods for improving water quality exist in the prior art, such as refreshes the water periodically and changes bottom, artificially change Become carbon-nitrogen ratio, improve water body in heterotrophicy bacteria quantity, using microbial assimilation inorganic nitrogen, by the mineralized nitrogen in water body at bacterium Body protein etc..But refresh the water periodically change bottom when, breeding wastewater is expelled directly out, and can not only destroy surrounding water environment, but also in water Utilization above cause to waste, and artificially by the mineralized nitrogen in water body at mycoprotein, inversion quantity is very limited, and effect is unknown It is aobvious.
Summary of the invention
In view of the deficiency of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalinations Cyclic culture method sufficiently improves the utilization rate of resource to realize cyclic culture.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalination circulation is supported Method is grown, is included the following steps:
(1) water transfer: groundwater abstraction makees breeding water after air pump is aerated for 24 hours, then adjusts salinity, the soda acid of breeding water Degree, hardness adjust salinity to 5 ‰ with sea salt, and adjusting pH value to pH with sodium bicarbonate is 7-8, adjusts hardness to calcium with calcium chloride Content is >=100mg/L;
(2) train water: 5-10 days before putting seedling start, and feed slow release carbon source into the breeding water handled by step (1) daily 20-40g/ m3, the sustained release tablets that slow release carbon source is formulated by the raw material of following parts by weight: 1-2 parts of conventional feed, glucose 8-9 parts, feed a bacillus 10g/m3 during training water, training water extremely can settling suspension object amount be 15ml/L;
(3) put seedling: the desalination shrimp seedling of buying is put into cultivation water, and breeding density is 10,000 tails/m3 water body, the shrimp seedling put in a suitable place to breed Specification is 1 centimeter/tail;
(4) point pond: cultivating 6-8 weeks after putting seedling, then divides pond, reduces cultivation density to 1000-5000 tail/m3 water body, Fen Chizhong Breeding water body presses step (1) in advance, step (2) carries out water transfer, training water;
(5) aquaculture management: in the breeding process the ammonia nitrogen in results of regular determination water body and can settling suspension object content, when in water body Ammonia-nitrogen content be higher than 1g/m3 water body, then throw glucose into water body, the input amount of glucose is 6g/m3 water body, when in water body Can the content of settling suspension object when being higher than 15ml/m3 water body, wheat bran and titanium dioxide chlorine tablets are put into water body, wherein wheat bran use Amount is 100g/m3 water body, and titanium dioxide chlorine tablets dosage is 2g/m3 water body;And it is carried out persistently, no using nanometer plate in the breeding process It is interrupted aeration oxygen replenishing;
(6) cultivating wastewater purification: after dividing pond or after prawn listing fishing, stop aeration, make Suspended Matter in Water natural Sedimentation for 24 hours, is then deposited in the sludge of bottom, remaining waste water carries out disinfection through chlorine dioxide, then uses using dirt-dredging machine extraction After sodium thiosulfate aeration removing toxic substances, it is re-used for cultivating, achievees the purpose that recycling;
(7) water body recovery technology reuses: the sludge extracted out through dirt-dredging machine is dehydrated into sludge dewatering equipment, then uses granulator Particle is made, is used as supplement feed, substitution amount is 10% or so.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the present invention has is:
1, the present invention by can settling suspension object amount control, the control of bait etc., effectively improve the utilization rate of bait, mitigate water Body ammonia nitrogen problem, prevent water pollution, disease occur etc., the water that changes compared to the prior art changes bottom, effectively reduce cultivation at This (about 15% or so), ensure that the yield of prawn;
2, after dividing pond or after fishing listing, classification processing is carried out to breeding wastewater, wherein water repeats after sterilizing, detoxifying As breeding water, and water body recovery technology part by dehydration, particle is made, be used as supplement feed, substitution amount 10% or so, Surrounding water environment will not be not only destroyed, but also resource reuses, and increases benefit.
Specific embodiment
Presently in connection with specific embodiment, next the invention will be further elaborated.
Embodiment one
Cyclic culture method is desalinated in the Penaeus Vannmei batch production of the present embodiment, includes the following steps:
(1) water transfer: groundwater abstraction makees breeding water after air pump is aerated for 24 hours, then adjusts salinity, the soda acid of breeding water Degree, hardness adjust salinity to 5 ‰ with sea salt, and adjusting pH value to pH with sodium bicarbonate is 7-8, adjusts hardness to calcium with calcium chloride Content is >=100mg/L;
(2) it trains water: starting putting seedling 5-10 days, feed slow release carbon source 20 into the breeding water handled by step (1) daily Gram/m3, the sustained release tablets that slow release carbon source is formulated by the raw material of following parts by weight: 1 part of conventional feed, 9 parts of glucose are being trained Feed a bacillus 10g/m3 during water, training water extremely can settling suspension object amount be 15ml/L;
(3) put seedling: the desalination shrimp seedling that buying is come is put into cultivation water, and breeding density is 10,000 tails/m3 water body, the shrimp put in a suitable place to breed Seedling specification is 1 centimeter/tail;
(4) point pond: cultivating 6 weeks after putting seedling, then divides pond, reduces cultivation density to 5000 tails/m3 water body, divides breeding water body in pond Water transfer, training water are carried out by step (1), step (2) in advance;
(5) aquaculture management: in the breeding process the ammonia nitrogen in results of regular determination water body and can settling suspension object content, when in water body Ammonia-nitrogen content be higher than 1g/m3 water body, then throw glucose into water body, the input amount of glucose is 6g/m3 water body, when in water body Can the content of settling suspension object when being higher than 15ml/m3 water body, wheat bran and titanium dioxide chlorine tablets are put into water body, wherein wheat bran use Amount is 100g/m3 water body, and Chlorine is 2g/m3 water body;And in the breeding process using nanometer plate carry out it is continuous, not between Disconnected aeration oxygen replenishing;
(6) cultivating wastewater purification: after dividing pond or after prawn listing fishing, stop aeration, make Suspended Matter in Water natural Sedimentation for 24 hours, is then deposited in the sludge of bottom, remaining waste water carries out disinfection through chlorine dioxide, then uses using dirt-dredging machine extraction After sodium thiosulfate aeration removing toxic substances, it is re-used for cultivating, achievees the purpose that recycling, the use of chlorine dioxide and sodium thiosulfate Depending on amount is referring to existing sewage treatment dosage;
(7) water body recovery technology reuses: extracting out through dirt-dredging machine, is dehydrated into sludge dewatering equipment, is then made with granulator Grain is used as supplement feed, and substitution amount is 10% or so.
Embodiment two
Cyclic culture method is desalinated in Penaeus Vannmei batch production, includes the following steps:
(1) water transfer: groundwater abstraction makees breeding water after air pump is aerated for 24 hours, then adjusts salinity, the soda acid of breeding water Degree, hardness adjust salinity to 5 ‰ with sea salt, and adjusting pH value to pH with sodium bicarbonate is 7-8, adjusts hardness to calcium with calcium chloride Content is >=100mg/L;
(2) it trains water: starting putting seedling 5-10 days, feed slow release carbon source 40 into the breeding water handled by step (1) daily Gram/m3, the sustained release tablets that slow release carbon source is formulated by the raw material of following parts by weight: 2 parts of conventional feed, 8 parts of glucose are being trained Feed a bacillus 10g/m3 during water, training water extremely can settling suspension object amount be 15ml/L;
(3) put seedling: the desalination shrimp seedling that buying is come is put into cultivation water, and breeding density is 10,000 tails/m3 water body, the shrimp put in a suitable place to breed Seedling specification is 1 centimeter/tail;
(4) point pond: cultivating 8 weeks after putting seedling, then divides pond, reduces cultivation density to 1000 tails/m3 water body, divides breeding water body in pond Water transfer, training water are carried out by step (1), step (2) in advance;
(5) aquaculture management: in the breeding process the ammonia nitrogen in results of regular determination water body and can settling suspension object content, when in water body Ammonia-nitrogen content be higher than 1g/m3 water body, then throw glucose into water body, the input amount of glucose is 6g/m3 water body, when in water body Can the content of settling suspension object when being higher than 15ml/m3 water body, wheat bran and titanium dioxide chlorine tablets are put into water body, wherein wheat bran use Amount is 100g/m3 water body, and Chlorine is 2g/m3 water body;And in the breeding process using nanometer plate carry out it is continuous, not between Disconnected aeration oxygen replenishing;
(6) cultivating wastewater purification: after dividing pond or after prawn listing fishing, stop aeration, make Suspended Matter in Water natural Sedimentation for 24 hours, is then deposited in the sludge of bottom, remaining waste water carries out disinfection through chlorine dioxide, then uses using dirt-dredging machine extraction After sodium thiosulfate aeration removing toxic substances, it is re-used for cultivating, achievees the purpose that recycling, the use of chlorine dioxide and sodium thiosulfate Depending on amount is referring to existing sewage treatment dosage;
(7) water body recovery technology reuses: extracting out through dirt-dredging machine, is dehydrated into sludge dewatering equipment, is then made with granulator Grain is used as supplement feed, and substitution amount is 10% or so.

Claims (1)

1. cyclic culture method is desalinated in a kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production, include the following steps:
(1) water transfer: groundwater abstraction makees breeding water after air pump is aerated for 24 hours, then adjusts salinity, the soda acid of breeding water Degree, hardness adjust salinity to 5 ‰ with sea salt, and adjusting pH value to pH with sodium bicarbonate is 7-8, adjusts hardness to calcium with calcium chloride Content is >=100mg/L;
(2) train water: 5-10 days before putting seedling start, and feed slow release carbon source into the breeding water handled by step (1) daily 20-40g/ m3, the sustained release tablets that slow release carbon source is formulated by the raw material of following parts by weight: 1-2 parts of conventional feed, glucose 8-9 parts, feed a bacillus 10g/m3 during training water, training water extremely can settling suspension object amount be 15ml/L;
(3) put seedling: the desalination shrimp seedling of buying is put into cultivation water, and breeding density is 10,000 tails/m3 water body, the shrimp seedling put in a suitable place to breed Specification is 1 centimeter/tail;
(4) point pond: cultivating 6-8 weeks after putting seedling, then divides pond, reduces cultivation density to 1000-5000 tail/m3 water body, Fen Chizhong Breeding water body presses step (1) in advance, step (2) carries out water transfer, training water;
(5) aquaculture management: in the breeding process the ammonia nitrogen in results of regular determination water body and can settling suspension object content, when in water body Ammonia-nitrogen content be higher than 1g/m3 water body, then throw glucose into water body, the input amount of glucose is 6g/m3 water body, when in water body Can the content of settling suspension object when being higher than 15ml/m3 water body, wheat bran and titanium dioxide chlorine tablets are put into water body, wherein wheat bran use Amount is 100g/m3 water body, and titanium dioxide chlorine tablets dosage is 2g/m3 water body;And it is carried out persistently, no using nanometer plate in the breeding process It is interrupted aeration oxygen replenishing;
(6) cultivating wastewater purification: after dividing pond or after prawn listing fishing, stop aeration, make Suspended Matter in Water natural Sedimentation for 24 hours, is then deposited in the sludge of bottom, remaining waste water carries out disinfection through chlorine dioxide, then uses using dirt-dredging machine extraction After sodium thiosulfate aeration removing toxic substances, it is re-used for cultivating, achievees the purpose that recycling;
(7) water body recovery technology reuses: the sludge extracted out through dirt-dredging machine is dehydrated into sludge dewatering equipment, then uses granulator Particle is made, is used as supplement feed, substitution amount is 10% or so.
CN201811289785.3A 2018-10-31 2018-10-31 A kind of Penaeus Vannmei batch production desalination cyclic culture method Pending CN109588350A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583542A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-12-20 林雅慧 Industrial eel breeding method
CN110973027A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-10 天津开发区坤禾生物技术有限公司 Method for ecologically breeding litopenaeus vannamei by replacing part of feed with live bait

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101070219A (en) * 2007-02-14 2007-11-14 边兴旺 Silt processing method
CN102754613A (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-10-31 上海海洋大学 Integrated circulating water culture system
CN103053453A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-04-24 杭州明朗农业开发有限公司 Ecological circulation system for litopenaeus vannamei systematic breeding and breeding method
CN103739111A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-04-23 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Seawater pretreatment method and seawater desalination method
CN103891643A (en) * 2012-12-29 2014-07-02 天津市凯润淡水养殖有限公司 Breeding method for planting and breeding circulation efficient ecological environment-friendly fishery
CN107827293A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-03-23 伍立洁 The handling process of highly salt containing organic waste water caused by a kind of marine products processing process
CN108541638A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-18 广州普麟生物制品有限公司 A kind of Penaeus Vannmei pond outdoor breeding method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101070219A (en) * 2007-02-14 2007-11-14 边兴旺 Silt processing method
CN102754613A (en) * 2011-04-25 2012-10-31 上海海洋大学 Integrated circulating water culture system
CN103891643A (en) * 2012-12-29 2014-07-02 天津市凯润淡水养殖有限公司 Breeding method for planting and breeding circulation efficient ecological environment-friendly fishery
CN103053453A (en) * 2013-01-04 2013-04-24 杭州明朗农业开发有限公司 Ecological circulation system for litopenaeus vannamei systematic breeding and breeding method
CN103739111A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-04-23 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Seawater pretreatment method and seawater desalination method
CN107827293A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-03-23 伍立洁 The handling process of highly salt containing organic waste water caused by a kind of marine products processing process
CN108541638A (en) * 2018-04-19 2018-09-18 广州普麟生物制品有限公司 A kind of Penaeus Vannmei pond outdoor breeding method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583542A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-12-20 林雅慧 Industrial eel breeding method
CN110583542B (en) * 2019-10-28 2021-11-05 林雅慧 Industrial eel breeding method
CN110973027A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-10 天津开发区坤禾生物技术有限公司 Method for ecologically breeding litopenaeus vannamei by replacing part of feed with live bait

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