CN109579475A - A kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven - Google Patents

A kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109579475A
CN109579475A CN201811363208.4A CN201811363208A CN109579475A CN 109579475 A CN109579475 A CN 109579475A CN 201811363208 A CN201811363208 A CN 201811363208A CN 109579475 A CN109579475 A CN 109579475A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
medicinal material
baking oven
traversing
screen tray
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Granted
Application number
CN201811363208.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109579475B (en
Inventor
范高福
蔡玉华
付恩桃
龚菊梅
高迎迎
吴丹
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Hefei Technology College
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Hefei Technology College
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Priority to CN201811363208.4A priority Critical patent/CN109579475B/en
Publication of CN109579475A publication Critical patent/CN109579475A/en
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Publication of CN109579475B publication Critical patent/CN109579475B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B11/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive
    • F26B11/18Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects with movement which is non-progressive on or in moving dishes, trays, pans, or other mainly-open receptacles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/02Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure
    • F26B21/04Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure partly outside the drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • F26B23/06Heating arrangements using electric heating resistance heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/002Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for bulk goods
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/02Applications of driving mechanisms, not covered by another subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/18Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly open, e.g. dish, tray, pan, rack
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation ovens, including baking oven rack, the baking oven shell and multiple drying screen trays for being used to place medicinal material coated in baking oven rack, the baking oven enclosure interior is provided with vertical baffle, baking oven enclosure interior is divided into left baking chamber and right baking chamber by vertical baffle, it is left to dry the intracavitary medicinal material rising drying mechanism being equipped with for driving drying screen tray to rise, it is right to dry intracavitary be equipped with for driving the medicinal material of drying screen tray decline to decline drying mechanism, it is also equipped on baking oven shell and rises the middle transfer mechanism that drying mechanism is transferred on medicinal material decline drying mechanism from medicinal material for screen tray will to be dried.Reasonable structural arrangement of the invention still has a large amount of Chinese medicine to carry out drying and processing in baking oven shell, effectively increases drying efficiency during feeding, blanking;The structure arrangement of screen tray is dried, so that crossflow and longitudinal air flow can carry out drying and processing to Chinese medicine.

Description

A kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven
Technical field
The present invention relates to medicinal material drier technical field, specially a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven.
Background technique
Chinese medicine refers to the primary crude drug applied under the guidance of Han Nationality's traditional medical skill, for treating disease.General traditional Chinese medicine Material is particular about authentic medicinal herbs, refer to a specific natural conditions, ecological environment region in produced medicinal material, because production more collect In, cultivation technique, pick and process also have it is certain be particular about so that medicinal material more of the same race in other regional institutes production person's good qualities, treat It imitates.
Currently, during manufacturing medicine drug when, need to dry medicinal material, to guarantee that medicinal material can be in rear one of technique It uses.When drying at present for medicinal material, usually used is conventional ovens, not equal enough to the heating of product in drying It is even.Usually the baking pan for storing medicinal material is put into medicinal material baking oven using manual type and is toasted, it is then artificial again to take out, it dries Roasting working efficiency is more low.How to realize that the serialization of medicinal material, homogenization baking become technical problem urgently to be resolved.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation ovens, to solve mentioned above in the background art ask Topic.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven, including the baking oven shell coated in baking oven rack, baking oven rack and multiple use In the drying screen tray for placing medicinal material, the baking oven enclosure interior is provided with vertical baffle, and vertical baffle divides baking oven enclosure interior It is divided into left baking chamber and right baking chamber, it is left to dry the intracavitary medicinal material rising drying mechanism being equipped with for driving drying screen tray to rise, right baking It is intracavitary to be equipped with for driving the medicinal material of drying screen tray decline to decline drying mechanism, it is also equipped on baking oven shell for that will dry Screen tray rises the middle transfer mechanism that drying mechanism is transferred on medicinal material decline drying mechanism from medicinal material, opens up at the top of vertical baffle Have for drying the traversing traversing port passed through of screen tray;Baking oven shell left end bottom is offered to be arrived for that will dry screen tray inserting Medicinal material rises the feed inlet on drying mechanism, and baking oven shell left end bottom, which is offered, to be declined for that will dry screen tray from medicinal material The discharge port that drying mechanism takes out;The left baking chamber and the right inner wall for drying chamber are distributed and are equipped with multiple electric heating tubes.
As a further solution of the present invention: it is additionally provided with charging delivery device on the outside of the feed inlet of the baking oven shell, The charging delivery device uses lead screw transverse-moving mechanism, and lead screw transverse-moving mechanism includes cross sliding machine pallet, traversing motor, traversing silk Thick stick, traversing slide and traversing bracket, cross sliding machine pallet end are equipped with traversing motor, lead screw slot are provided in cross sliding machine pallet Body, traversing lead screw is rotatably equipped in lead screw groove body, and one end of traversing lead screw passes through the output of cross sliding machine pallet and traversing motor End is drivingly connected, and traversing slide lower end surface, which slides laterally, to be arranged on cross sliding machine pallet, and the bottom of traversing slide is fixed with screw thread The nut seat being sleeved on traversing lead screw is equipped with traversing bracket on the right side of traversing slide, be fixed on traversing bracket for The longitudinal spacing item of screen tray outer side edges alignment is dried, traversing bracket upper surface is additionally provided with one group of gib block being laterally extended, and dries Dry screen disk lower end surface is provided with the guide groove with gib block cooperation positioning.
As a further solution of the present invention: it is additionally provided with discharging on the outside of the discharge port of the baking oven shell and takes mechanism, Discharging mechanism of taking also uses lead screw transverse-moving mechanism, and discharging is taken the lead screw transverse-moving mechanism and charging delivery device of mechanism Lead screw transverse-moving mechanism is arranged symmetrically, discharging take mechanism longitudinal spacing item on be also equipped with clamping plate, be equipped with one on clamping plate Group bolt mechanism, the bolt mechanism includes bolt cylinder, latch post, compressed spring and electromagnet, and bolt cylinder bottom is fixed on On clamping plate, electromagnet is fixedly installed at the top of bolt cylinder, the upper end of latch post, which is equipped with to slide vertically, to be cooperated in bolt cylinder simultaneously With the suction tray of electromagnet absorption cooperation, compressed spring is connected between the upper end of suction tray and the lower end of electromagnet, it is described to insert The lower end activity of pin passes through clamping plate and contacts with traversing bracket, offers in the right edge of the drying screen tray and takes for discharging The first positioning hole that latch post in mechanism passes through.
As a further solution of the present invention: the medicinal material rises drying mechanism and medicinal material decline drying mechanism using identical Drying lifting structure, the drying lifting structure include one group of forward and backward symmetrical chain conveying mechanism, chain conveying mechanism packet The transfer roller axis for being rotatably installed in baking oven frame top and bottom respectively is included, the left and right ends of each transfer roller axis are mounted on sprocket wheel, Sprocket wheel on the transfer roller axis at top and it is set with chain between the sprocket wheel on the transfer roller axis of bottom, the outside of chain is along its length It is uniformly distributed and the U-shaped inserting plate that side is put is installed, U-shaped inserting plate is also equipped with bolt mechanism, the forward and backward side of the drying screen tray The second location hole passed through for the bolt mechanism on U-shaped inserting plate is offered on side.
As a further solution of the present invention: the middle transfer mechanism includes turn for being fixed on upper end on the left of baking oven shell Supporting table is moved, shifts and transfer pusher cylinder is installed in supporting table, the flexible rod end for shifting pusher cylinder protrudes into baking oven shell Portion is simultaneously fixed with L-type transfer push plate, when the U-shaped inserting plate and medicinal material of medicinal material rising drying mechanism the top decline drying mechanism most When the U-shaped inserting plate of top is located at same level, L-type transfer push plate also is located in the same level.
As a further solution of the present invention: further including power-driven mechanism and intermediate transmission mechanism, the intermediate biography Motivation structure includes the first bevel gear for being mounted on the transfer roller axis inner end at the top of medicinal material rising drying mechanism, is mounted on medicinal material decline The second bevel gear of transfer roller axis inner end at the top of drying mechanism and the intracorporal Intermediate bevel gears of baking oven shell are rotatably installed in, in Between bevel gear be intermeshed respectively with first bevel gear and second bevel gear;The driving mechanism includes installing outside baking oven shell Retarder and driving motor, driving motor are drivingly connected by retarder with corresponding transfer roller axis outboard end.
As a further solution of the present invention: the top of the baking oven shell corresponds to left baking chamber and right baking chamber offers One exhaust outlet is equipped with the first exhaust hood on the first exhaust outlet, is equipped with exhaust fan, exhaust fan on the first exhaust hood Air outlet be connected to the air inlet of the first drying box by the first exhaust duct, the air outlet of the first drying box pass through first into Air piping is connected to the first air inlet that baking oven housing bottom is distributed.
As a further solution of the present invention: on the forward and backward inner wall of the baking oven shell also distribution be provided with it is multiple with it is U-shaped The corresponding lateral partitions of plate are inserted, left baking chamber or right baking chamber are separated into several single layers and laterally dry chamber by lateral partitions.
As a further solution of the present invention: each single layer is corresponded on the rear wall of the baking oven shell, and laterally baking chamber is opened Equipped with the second air inlet, the second air intake cover is installed on the outside of the second air inlet, air intake blower fan, baking oven are installed on the second air intake cover Each single layer is corresponded on the front side wall of shell, and laterally baking chamber offers the second exhaust outlet, is equipped with second on the outside of the second exhaust outlet Exhaust hood, the second exhaust hood are connected to by the second exhaust duct with the air inlet of the second drying box, the air outlet of the second drying box It is connected to by the second intake stack with the air inlet of air intake blower fan;It is also equipped in second exhaust hood for detecting aerial temperature and humidity Temperature Humidity Sensor.
As a further solution of the present invention: the electric heating tube is evenly spaced in the second air inlet, the drying sieve Disk includes screen tray frame, and mesh-type fence and mesh-type chassis, the first positioning hole and second are equipped on screen tray frame Location hole is provided with the corresponding position on screen tray frame.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, reasonable structural arrangement of the invention still has a large amount of Chinese medicine in baking oven shell during feeding, blanking Drying and processing is carried out in vivo, effectively increases drying efficiency;
2, medicinal material is risen by drying mechanism by intermediate transmission mechanism and medicinal material declines corresponding two transfer rollers of drying mechanism Axis links together, it is only necessary to a power-driven mechanism, the medicinal material of front side or rear side is driven to rise drying mechanism and medicine Material decline drying mechanism moves synchronously;
3, it feeds, discharge and the transfer of the top drying screen tray can synchronize progress, fed, discharged and most When the transfer of screen tray is dried in top, air intake blower fan work is realized at lateral drying to the intracorporal Chinese medicine of baking oven shell is remained at Reason, the temperature and humidity signal that Temperature Humidity Sensor will test are sent to controller, and controller after treatment, can be by list Layer laterally dries intracavitary temperature and humidity and shows on a display screen, and staff is enabled more intuitively to understand internal Chinese medicine Drying and processing situation;
4, the structure arrangement for drying screen tray, so that crossflow and longitudinal air flow can carry out at drying Chinese medicine Reason.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of internal structure of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram that a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven removes air intake blower fan;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural schematic diagram that medicinal material heated-air circulation oven is laterally splitted;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram that a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven Chinese medicine declines drying mechanism upper end part;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram amplified at A in a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram that screen tray side is dried in a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that screen tray B-B section is dried in a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven.
In figure: 1- baking oven rack, 11- electric heating tube, 12- air intake blower fan, 13- exhaust fan, 14- lateral partitions, 15- One bevel gear, 16- Intermediate bevel gears, 17- second bevel gear, 2- baking oven shell, the first exhaust outlet of 21-, the first exhaust hood of 22-, The second air intake cover of 23-, the first intake stack of 24-, the first air inlet of 25-, the second exhaust hood of 26-, 3- feed delivery device, 31- Cross sliding machine pallet, the traversing motor of 32-, the traversing slide of 33-, the traversing bracket of 34-, 35- longitudinal spacing item, 4- middle transfer mechanism, 41- shifts supporting table, and 42- shifts pusher cylinder, and 43-L type shifts push plate, and 5- medicinal material rises drying mechanism, 51- transfer roller axis, 52- Sprocket wheel, 53- chain, 54-U type insert plate, and 6- medicinal material declines drying mechanism, and 7- discharging is taken mechanism, 71- bolt mechanism, 711- Bolt cylinder, 712- electromagnet, 713- compressed spring, 714- latch post, 715- suction tray, 8- power-driven mechanism, 81- driving electricity Machine, 82- retarder, 9- vertical baffle, the traversing port of 91-, 10- drying screen tray, 101- screen tray frame, 102- mesh-type fence, 103- mesh-type chassis, 104- first positioning hole, 105- guide groove, 106- second location hole.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Fig. 1~7 are please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution: including the baking coated in baking oven rack 1, baking oven rack 1 Tank shell 2 and multiple drying screen trays 10 for being used to place medicinal material, it is characterised in that: the baking oven shell 2 is internally provided with perpendicular To partition 9, vertical baffle 9 will be divided into left baking chamber and right baking chamber inside baking oven shell 2, left to dry intracavitary be equipped with for driving baking The medicinal material that dry screen disk 10 rises rises drying mechanism 5, right to dry intracavitary be equipped under the medicinal material for driving drying screen tray 10 to decline Drying mechanism 6 is dropped, is also equipped on baking oven shell 2 and is transferred to medicinal material from medicinal material rising drying mechanism 5 for screen tray 10 will to be dried Decline the middle transfer mechanism 4 on drying mechanism 6, offer at the top of vertical baffle 9 for drying screen tray 10 it is traversing pass through it is traversing Port 91;The 2 left end bottom of baking oven shell, which is offered, to be risen on drying mechanism 5 for that will dry the inserting of screen tray 10 to medicinal material Feed inlet, the 2 left end bottom of baking oven shell, which is offered, to be gone out for that will dry screen tray 10 from what medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6 took out Material mouth;The left baking chamber and the right inner wall for drying chamber are distributed and are equipped with multiple electric heating tubes 11.
In charging, rise on drying mechanism 5 from feed inlet by the inserting of drying screen tray 10 for spreading Chinese medicine to medicinal material, Then, medicinal material rises the drive drying screen tray 10 of drying mechanism 5 and slowly rises, and electric heating tube 11 is to the medicine in each drying screen tray 10 Material carries out heating, drying, and when screen tray 10 to be dried is raised to eminence, middle transfer mechanism 4 will dry screen tray 10 and push to medicinal material decline On drying mechanism 6, medicinal material declines drying mechanism 6 and drying screen tray 10 is driven slowly to decline, and electric heating tube 11 continues to each drying Medicinal material in screen tray 10 carries out heating, drying, until medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6 takes discharge outlet to, will finally dry from discharge port Baked Chinese medicine takes out, and during feeding, blanking, still has a large amount of Chinese medicine to be dried in baking oven shell 2 Processing, effectively increases drying efficiency.
It may be preferred that charging delivery device 3 is additionally provided on the outside of the feed inlet of the baking oven shell 1, the charging push Mechanism 3 uses lead screw transverse-moving mechanism, and lead screw transverse-moving mechanism includes cross sliding machine pallet 31, traversing motor 32, traversing lead screw, traversing cunning Seat 33 and traversing bracket 34,31 end of cross sliding machine pallet are equipped with traversing motor 32, are provided with lead screw in cross sliding machine pallet 31 Groove body, traversing lead screw is rotatably equipped in lead screw groove body, and one end of traversing lead screw passes through cross sliding machine pallet 31 and traversing motor 32 Output end be drivingly connected, traversing 33 lower end surface of slide slide laterally be arranged on cross sliding machine pallet 31, the bottom of traversing slide 33 Portion is fixed with nut seat of the thread set on traversing lead screw, and the right side of traversing slide 33 is equipped with traversing bracket 34, traversing support The longitudinal spacing item 35 for being aligned with drying 10 outer side edges of screen tray is fixed on frame 34, traversing 34 upper surface of bracket is additionally provided with One group of gib block being laterally extended, drying 10 lower end surface of screen tray are provided with the guide groove 105 with gib block cooperation positioning.
When pushing charging, drying screen tray 10 is placed on traversing bracket 34, the left side and longitudinal direction of screen tray 10 are dried Positive stop strip 35 is close to, and the guide groove 105 of drying screen tray 10 cooperates on the gib block of traversing 34 upper surface of bracket, dries screen tray 10 Position accurate positioning, it is ensured that drying screen tray 10 can be properly inserted subsequent medicinal material and rise on drying mechanism 5.Pass through traversing electricity Machine 32 drives traversing lead screw to rotate, and traversing lead screw drives traversing slide 33 mobile, so that traversing bracket 34 is sent screen tray 10 is dried Enter in baking oven shell 2.
It takes mechanism 7 it may be preferred that being additionally provided with discharging on the outside of the discharge port of the baking oven shell 2, the discharging is taken Mechanism 7 also use lead screw transverse-moving mechanism, discharging take mechanism 7 lead screw transverse-moving mechanism with feed delivery device 3 lead screw it is traversing Mechanism is arranged symmetrically, discharging take mechanism 7 longitudinal spacing item 35 on be also equipped with clamping plate, one group of bolt is installed on clamping plate Mechanism 71, the bolt mechanism 71 include bolt cylinder 711, latch post 714, compressed spring 713 and electromagnet 712, bolt cylinder 711 bottoms are fixed on clamping plate, and electromagnet 712 is fixedly installed at the top of bolt cylinder 711, and the upper end of latch post 714 is equipped with perpendicular To the suction tray 715 being slidably fitted in bolt cylinder 711 and with the absorption cooperation of electromagnet 712, the upper end of suction tray 715 and electromagnetism Be connected with compressed spring 713 between the lower end of iron 712, the lower end activity of the latch post 714 pass through clamping plate and with traversing bracket 34 contacts, offer in the right edge of the drying screen tray 10 for discharge take that the latch post 714 in mechanism 7 passes through it is first fixed Position hole 106.
Take discharge when, electromagnet 712 be powered, by suction tray 715 upwards adsorb, drive entire latch post 714 to move up, Then, discharging mechanism 7 of taking protrudes into corresponding traversing bracket 34 inside baking oven shell 2, longitudinal spacing item 35 at this time and dries The right edge of dry screen disk 10 is close to, and electromagnet 712 powers off, and entire latch post 714 moves down under the action of compressed spring 713, inserts Pin 714 is inserted into inside first positioning hole 106, and then, discharging mechanism 7 of taking pulls out traversing bracket 34, and then will entirely dry Screen tray 10 takes out, and feeding is easy to operate.
It may be preferred that the medicinal material rises drying mechanism 5 and medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6 using identical drying lifting knot Structure, the drying lifting structure include one group of forward and backward symmetrical chain conveying mechanism, and chain conveying mechanism includes that rotation respectively is pacified Transfer roller axis 51 mounted in 1 top and bottom of baking oven rack, the left and right ends of each transfer roller axis 51 are mounted on sprocket wheel 52, top Chain 53 is set between sprocket wheel 52 on sprocket wheel 52 on transfer roller axis 51 and the transfer roller axis 51 of bottom, the outer lateral edge of chain 53 is long Degree direction, which is uniformly distributed, is equipped with the U-shaped inserting plate 54 that side is put, and U-shaped inserting plate 54 is also equipped with bolt mechanism 71, the drying The second location hole 104 passed through for the bolt mechanism 71 on U-shaped inserting plate 54 is offered on the forward and backward side of screen tray 10.
It may be preferred that the middle transfer mechanism 4 includes being fixed on the transfer supporting table 41 of 2 left side upper end of baking oven shell, Transfer pusher cylinder 42 is installed, the flexible rod end of transfer pusher cylinder 42 protrudes into inside baking oven shell 2 in transfer supporting table 41 And it is fixed with L-type transfer push plate 43, when medicinal material rises the U-shaped inserting plate 54 and medicinal material decline dryer of 5 the top of drying mechanism When the U-shaped inserting plate 54 of 6 the top of structure is located at same level, L-type transfer push plate 43 also is located in the same level.
The drying screen tray 10 of the top can be risen drying mechanism 5 from medicinal material by middle transfer mechanism 4 and be transferred to medicine Material declines on drying mechanism 6.In transfer, the electromagnet 712 on U-shaped inserting plate 54 in bolt mechanism 71 is all powered, and will inhale The attached absorption upwards of disk 715, drives entire latch post 714 to move up, and then, transfer pusher cylinder 42 extends, and L-type shifts 43 meeting of push plate Drying screen tray 10 is shifted onto the corresponding U-shaped inserting plate 54 of medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6, after shifting successfully, electromagnet 712 is disconnected Electricity, entire latch post 714 move down under the action of compressed spring 713, and latch post 714 is inserted into inside second location hole 106, it is ensured that The U-shaped inserting plate 54 for drying 10 surrounding of screen tray can lock drying screen tray 10.
It may be preferred that the invention also includes power-driven mechanism 8 and intermediate transmission mechanism, the intermediate transmission mechanism packet It includes and is mounted on the first bevel gear 15 of 51 inner end of transfer roller axis at 5 top of medicinal material rising drying mechanism, is mounted on medicinal material decline baking The second bevel gear 17 of 51 inner end of transfer roller axis at dry 6 top of mechanism and the middle cone tooth being rotatably installed in baking oven shell 2 Wheel 16, Intermediate bevel gears 16 are intermeshed with first bevel gear 15 and second bevel gear 17 respectively;The driving mechanism 8 includes drying The retarder 82 and driving motor 81 installed outside tank shell 2, driving motor 81 pass through retarder 82 and corresponding transfer roller axis 51 Outboard end is drivingly connected.
Medicinal material is risen into drying mechanism 5 by intermediate transmission mechanism and medicinal material declines 6 corresponding two transfer rollers of drying mechanism Axis 51 links together, it is only necessary to a power-driven mechanism 8, the medicinal material of front side or rear side is driven to rise drying mechanism 5 It is moved synchronously with medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6.
It may be preferred that the top of the baking oven shell 2 corresponds to left baking chamber and right baking chamber offers the first exhaust outlet 21, the First exhaust hood 22 is installed on one exhaust outlet 21, exhaust fan 13, exhaust fan 13 are installed on first exhaust hood 22 Air outlet be connected to the air inlet of the first drying box by the first exhaust duct, the air outlet of the first drying box pass through first into Air piping 24 is connected to the first air inlet 25 that 2 bottom of baking oven shell is distributed.Exhaust fan 13 works, can be by air-flow from lower past Upper movement realizes longitudinal drying and processing to the medicinal material on drying screen tray 10.
It may be preferred that on the forward and backward inner wall of the baking oven shell 2 also distribution be provided with it is multiple corresponding with U-shaped inserting plate 54 Lateral partitions 14, lateral partitions 14 by left baking chamber or right baking chamber be separated into several single layers laterally dry chamber.
The second air inlet is offered it may be preferred that corresponding to each single layer on the rear wall of the baking oven shell 2 and laterally drying chamber Mouthful, the second air intake cover 23 is installed on the outside of the second air inlet, air intake blower fan 12, baking oven shell 2 are installed on second air intake cover 23 Front side wall on correspond to each single layer and laterally dry chamber and offer the second exhaust outlet, the second air draft is installed on the outside of the second exhaust outlet Cover 26, the second exhaust hood 26 are connected to by the second exhaust duct with the air inlet of the second drying box, the air outlet of the second drying box It is connected to by the second intake stack with the air inlet of air intake blower fan 12;It is also equipped in second exhaust hood 26 for detecting Air Temperature The Temperature Humidity Sensor of humidity.Air intake blower fan 12 works, and air-flow can be flowed to front end from rear end, to the medicine on drying screen tray 10 Material realizes lateral drying and processing, and during drying screen tray 10 rises or falls, each single layer laterally dries chamber and has one Dry screen tray 10, charging, discharging and the top drying screen tray 10 transfer can synchronize progress, fed, discharge with And the top drying screen tray 10 transfer when, air intake blower fan 12 works, and realizes to the Chinese medicine that remains in baking oven shell 2 horizontal To drying and processing, the temperature and humidity signal that Temperature Humidity Sensor will test is sent to controller, controller after treatment, Single layer laterally can be dried to intracavitary temperature and humidity to show on a display screen, staff more intuitively be understood interior The drying and processing situation of portion's Chinese medicine.
It may be preferred that the electric heating tube 11 is evenly spaced in the second air inlet, the drying screen tray 10 includes screen tray Frame 101 is equipped with mesh-type fence 102 and mesh-type chassis 103,104 He of first positioning hole on screen tray frame 101 Second location hole 106 is provided with the corresponding position on screen tray frame 101.The such structure of screen tray 10 arrangement is dried, so that laterally Air-flow and longitudinal air flow can carry out drying and processing to Chinese medicine.
The working principle of the invention is: drying screen tray 10 being placed on traversing bracket 34, the left side of screen tray 10 is dried It is close to longitudinal spacing item 35, the guide groove 105 of drying screen tray 10 cooperates on the gib block of traversing 34 upper surface of bracket, drying The position accurate positioning of screen tray 10, it is ensured that drying screen tray 10 can be properly inserted subsequent medicinal material and rise on drying mechanism 5.
By program setting, the every operation a period of time of driving mechanism 8 just stops a period of time, when medicinal material rises drying mechanism 5 and when medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6 out of service, at this point, the U-shaped inserting plate 54 that medicinal material rises 5 bottom of drying mechanism is corresponding Feed inlet;Medicinal material declines the corresponding discharge port of drying screen tray 10 of 6 bottom of drying mechanism;
Carry out push charging: before push, the bolt mechanism 71 that medicinal material rises drying mechanism 5 is powered, corresponding electromagnet 712 It is powered, suction tray 715 is adsorbed upwards, entire latch post 714 is driven to move up;Then, traversing silk is driven by traversing motor 32 Thick stick rotation, traversing lead screw drive traversing slide 33 mobile, are sent into baking oven shell 2 so that traversing bracket 34 will dry screen tray 10; It is inserted into corresponding U-shaped inserting plate 54, then, the bolt mechanism 71 on U-shaped inserting plate 54 powers off, corresponding latch post 714 In the second location hole 104 of drying screen tray 10, drying screen tray 10 is locked.
Carry out discharging of taking: before taking, medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6 and discharging take mechanism 7 bolt mechanism 71 it is logical Electricity, corresponding electromagnet 712 are powered, and suction tray 715 is adsorbed upwards, drives entire latch post 714 to move up, then, discharging is taken Mechanism 7 is taken to protrude into corresponding traversing bracket 34 inside baking oven shell 2, the right side of longitudinal spacing item 35 and drying screen tray 10 at this time Side is close to, and then, the take bolt mechanism 71 of mechanism 7 of discharging powers off, and corresponding electromagnet 712 powers off, entire latch post 714 It is moved down under the action of compressed spring 713, latch post 714 is inserted into inside first positioning hole 106, and then, discharge the drawing of mechanism 7 of taking Traversing bracket 34 out, and then will entirely dry screen tray 10 and take out, feeding is easy to operate.After drying the taking-up of screen tray 10, medicinal material decline The bolt mechanism 71 of drying mechanism 6 just powers off.Obviously, push charging synchronous can be carried out with discharging of taking.
After the completion of pushing charging and discharging of taking, medicinal material rises drying mechanism 5 and drying screen tray 10 is driven slowly to rise, electricity Heating tube 11 carries out heating, drying, when screen tray 10 to be dried is raised to eminence, intermediate transfer to the medicinal material in each drying screen tray 10 Mechanism 4 will dry screen tray 10 and push on medicinal material decline drying mechanism 6, and medicinal material declines drying mechanism 6 and drives drying screen tray 10 slow Slow decline, electric heating tube 11 continues to carry out heating, drying to the medicinal material in each drying screen tray 10, until medicinal material declines dryer Structure 6 takes discharge outlet to.During feeding, blanking, still there is a large amount of Chinese medicine to carry out at drying in baking oven shell 2 Reason, effectively increases drying efficiency.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiments being understood that.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven, including the baking oven shell (2) that is coated in baking oven rack (1), baking oven rack (1) and Multiple drying screen trays (10) for being used to place medicinal material, it is characterised in that: the baking oven shell (2) is internally provided with vertical baffle (9), vertical baffle (9) will be divided into left baking chamber and right baking chamber inside baking oven shell (2), left to dry intracavitary be equipped with for driving baking The medicinal material that dry screen disk (10) rises rises drying mechanism (5), right to dry intracavitary be equipped with for driving drying screen tray (10) decline Medicinal material declines drying mechanism (6), is also equipped on baking oven shell (2) and rises drying mechanism from medicinal material for that will dry screen tray (10) (5) middle transfer mechanism (4) being transferred in medicinal material decline drying mechanism (6), vertical baffle (9) top is offered sieves for drying The traversing traversing port (91) passed through of disk (10);Baking oven shell (2) the left end bottom is offered for that will dry screen tray (10) The feed inlet in medicinal material rising drying mechanism (5) is inserted, baking oven shell (2) the left end bottom is offered for that will dry sieve The discharge port that disk (10) takes out from medicinal material decline drying mechanism (6);The left baking chamber and the right inner wall for drying chamber are distributed and are equipped with Multiple electric heating tubes (11);
Drying screen tray (10) is placed on traversing bracket, the left side and longitudinal spacing item for drying screen tray are close to, and screen tray is dried Guide groove cooperate on the gib block of traversing bracket upper surface, dry screen tray position positioning so that drying screen tray insertion after Continuous medicinal material rises on drying mechanism.
2. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the baking oven shell (1) into Charging delivery device (3) is additionally provided on the outside of material mouth, the charging delivery device (3) uses lead screw transverse-moving mechanism, and lead screw is traversing Mechanism includes cross sliding machine pallet (31), traversing motor (32), traversing lead screw, traversing slide (33) and traversing bracket (34), cross Telephone-moving pallet (31) end is equipped with traversing motor (32), is provided with lead screw groove body in cross sliding machine pallet (31), in lead screw groove body It is rotatably equipped with traversing lead screw, the output end that one end of traversing lead screw passes through cross sliding machine pallet (31) and traversing motor (32) drives Connection, traversing slide (33) lower end surface, which slides laterally, to be arranged on cross sliding machine pallet (31), and the bottom of traversing slide (33) is fixed There is nut seat of the thread set on traversing lead screw, traversing bracket (34), traversing bracket are installed on the right side of traversing slide (33) (34) the longitudinal spacing item (35) for being aligned with drying screen tray (10) outer side edges is fixed on, traversing bracket (34) upper surface is also It is provided with one group of gib block being laterally extended, drying screen tray (10) lower end surface is provided with the guide groove with gib block cooperation positioning (105)。
3. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the middle transfer mechanism (4) Transfer supporting table (41) including being fixed on upper end on the left of baking oven shell (2) shifts and is equipped with transfer promotion on supporting table (41) Cylinder (42), the flexible rod end of transfer pusher cylinder (42) protrude into baking oven shell (2) inside and are fixed with L-type transfer push plate (43), rise the U-shaped inserting plate (54) of drying mechanism (5) the top and the U of medicinal material decline drying mechanism (6) the top when medicinal material When type inserting plate (54) is located at same level, L-type transfer push plate (43) also is located in the same level.
4. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the baking oven shell (2) goes out It is additionally provided with discharging on the outside of material mouth to take mechanism (7), the discharging takes mechanism (7) also using lead screw transverse-moving mechanism, and discharging is taken The lead screw transverse-moving mechanism of mechanism (7) is taken to be arranged symmetrically with the lead screw transverse-moving mechanism for feeding delivery device (3), discharge mechanism of taking (7) it is also equipped with clamping plate on longitudinal spacing item (35), one group of bolt mechanism (71), the bolt mechanism are installed on clamping plate It (71) include bolt cylinder (711), latch post (714), compressed spring (713) and electromagnet (712), bolt cylinder (711) bottom It is fixed on clamping plate, is fixedly installed with electromagnet (712) at the top of bolt cylinder (711), the upper end of latch post (714) is equipped with vertically It is slidably fitted in the suction tray (715) in bolt cylinder (711) and with electromagnet (712) absorption cooperation, the upper end of suction tray (715) It is connected between the lower end of electromagnet (712) compressed spring (713), the lower end activity of the latch post (714) passes through clamping plate And contacted with traversing bracket (34), it is offered in the right edge of drying screen tray (10) for the inserting on mechanism (7) of taking that discharge The first positioning hole (106) that pin (714) passes through.
5. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the medicinal material rises drying mechanism (5) and medicinal material decline drying mechanism (6) uses identical drying lifting structure, and the drying lifting structure includes one group forward and backward Symmetrical chain conveying mechanism, chain conveying mechanism include the transfer roller being rotatably installed at the top and bottom of baking oven rack (1) respectively The left and right ends of axis (51), each transfer roller axis (51) are mounted on sprocket wheel (52), the sprocket wheel (52) on the transfer roller axis (51) at top It is set with chain (53) between the sprocket wheel (52) on the transfer roller axis (51) of bottom, the outside of chain (53) is uniform along its length Distributing installation has the U-shaped inserting plate (54) that side is put, and U-shaped inserting plate (54) is also equipped with bolt mechanism (71), the drying screen tray (10) second location hole (104) passed through for the bolt mechanism (71) on U-shaped inserting plate (54) is offered on forward and backward side.
6. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: further include power-driven mechanism (8) and intermediate transmission mechanism, the intermediate transmission mechanism include the transfer roller axis being mounted at the top of medicinal material rising drying mechanism (5) (51) first bevel gear (15) of inner end, transfer roller axis (51) inner end being mounted at the top of medicinal material decline drying mechanism (6) Second bevel gear (17) and the Intermediate bevel gears (16) being rotatably installed in baking oven shell (2), Intermediate bevel gears (16) are respectively It is intermeshed with first bevel gear (15) and second bevel gear (17);The driving mechanism (8) includes that baking oven shell (2) is installed outside Retarder (82) and driving motor (81), driving motor (81) passes through retarder (82) and corresponding transfer roller axis (51) outside End is drivingly connected.
7. -6 any a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the baking oven shell (2) top corresponds to left baking chamber and right baking chamber offers the first exhaust outlet (21), and the first exhaust outlet is equipped with first on (21) Exhaust hood (22) is equipped with exhaust fan (13) on the first exhaust hood (22), and the air outlet of exhaust fan (13) passes through first row Air piping is connected to the air inlet of the first drying box, and the air outlet of the first drying box passes through the first intake stack (24) and baking oven shell The first air inlet (25) connection of body (2) bottom distribution.
8. according to a kind of any medicinal material heated-air circulation oven of claim 4-6, it is characterised in that: the baking oven shell (2) also distribution is provided with multiple lateral partitions (14) corresponding with U-shaped inserting plate (54), lateral partitions on forward and backward inner wall (14) left baking chamber or right baking chamber are separated into several single layers and laterally dry chamber.
9. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: after the baking oven shell (2) Each single layer is corresponded on side wall, and laterally baking chamber offers the second air inlet, is equipped with the second air intake cover on the outside of the second air inlet (23), it is equipped with air intake blower fan (12) on the second air intake cover (23), it is lateral that each single layer is corresponded on the front side wall of baking oven shell (2) It dries chamber and offers the second exhaust outlet, be equipped with the second exhaust hood (26) on the outside of the second exhaust outlet, the second exhaust hood (26) passes through Second exhaust duct is connected to the air inlet of the second drying box, and the air outlet of the second drying box passes through the second intake stack and air inlet The air inlet of blower (12) is connected to;The temperature and humidity sensing for detecting aerial temperature and humidity is also equipped in second exhaust hood (26) Device.
10. a kind of medicinal material heated-air circulation oven according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the electric heating tube (11) is equal Even to be arranged in the second air inlet, the drying screen tray (10) includes screen tray frame (101), and screen tray frame is equipped on (101) Mesh-type fence (102) and mesh-type chassis (103), the first positioning hole (104) and second location hole (106) are provided with Corresponding position on screen tray frame (101).
CN201811363208.4A 2018-11-15 2018-11-15 Medicinal material heated air circulation oven Active CN109579475B (en)

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CN110553481A (en) * 2019-10-22 2019-12-10 东阳博通中药科技有限公司 chinese herbal medicine drying equipment that turns
CN111357499A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-03 安徽东旭大别山农业科技有限公司 Tea-oil camellia seed storage device is used in tea-oil camellia processing
CN112361736A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-02-12 程新钟 Drying device for food processing

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CN206949501U (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-02-02 临沂市鲁钰机械有限公司 A kind of quick clip means of ring moulds granulator mould
CN107755218A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-03-06 烟台正海合泰科技股份有限公司 A kind of automatic drying apparatus based on the horizontal automatic glue-spraying of ceiling with wet method skeleton

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DE3444755A1 (en) * 1984-12-07 1986-06-12 Intermade Sågverksmaskiner AB, Oxelösund Method and installation for drying wood
CN2856886Y (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-01-10 黄慧 Leather dryer
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CN112361736A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-02-12 程新钟 Drying device for food processing

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