CN109577926A - A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke - Google Patents

A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109577926A
CN109577926A CN201710903313.1A CN201710903313A CN109577926A CN 109577926 A CN109577926 A CN 109577926A CN 201710903313 A CN201710903313 A CN 201710903313A CN 109577926 A CN109577926 A CN 109577926A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
pulley
movable pulley
pump
hanger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710903313.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘明霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang Zhi Chang Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenyang Zhi Chang Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang Zhi Chang Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenyang Zhi Chang Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710903313.1A priority Critical patent/CN109577926A/en
Publication of CN109577926A publication Critical patent/CN109577926A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/12Methods or apparatus for controlling the flow of the obtained fluid to or in wells
    • E21B43/121Lifting well fluids
    • E21B43/129Adaptations of down-hole pump systems powered by fluid supplied from outside the borehole

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of method that increase hydraulic pumping unit pushes away beam hanger stroke, in configuration block and pushes away pulley blocks are set between beam hanger, the pulley blocks include multiple groups fixed pulley and movable pulley, and cable wire one end is fixed on the rack, other end successively bypass after all fixed pulley and movable pulley with push away beam hanger and fix.It rotates the invention has the advantages that fluid power replaces toward recovering technology toward recovering technology, safe and reliable, light-weight every machine energy consumption only 3.0kw can reach 30 tons of highest of workload, and be not required to set up high voltage cable and install transformer.

Description

A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of chemical equipment, specifically a kind of alkali refining tank.
Background technique
Existing pumping unit is typically all the oil pumping that reciprocating motion is realized using rotation speed change and installation Balance Iron counterweight The shortcomings that machine, this kind of pumping unit is that energy consumption is high, not environmentally, needs high-power distribution system, it is necessary to have high voltage power power supply and Transformer realizes that electrical source of power supports that motor needs power bracket between 30-75kw.Every machine (well) needs nearly hundred Ten thousand yuan of Electricity Investment.This kind of type installation is inconvenient, and self weight just has nearly 40 tons, and heavy truck is needed to transport and configure crane, More than ten people's constructions could install.It needs to give system and construction in advance to civil engineering, generally requires one month time, construction cost Used in 200,000 or so, more than ten of talent that can complete.This kind of type is located at the prefabricated seat stand installation of 1.5m high, equipment footing length Rockbolt is fixed, and when bar is broken in conditions down-hole mutation and sucker rod, pumping unit just overturns damage and causes serious production accident.Behaviour Workmanship needs 2 people in starting and shutdown while could operate after working good, cooperate it is bad just dangerous, operative employee is killed or Interrupt limbs accident frequent occurrence.This kind of type also has injury to periphery other people, drove.Child play or drove etc. also often Several tons of reconfigurations weight rotated is stable dead, or body is cut off.There are many case.In addition, prior art installation and maintenance are inconvenient, Risk is big when construction, security risk is more, easily overturns, and one people of operative employee cannot safeguard.Heavy rain weather driving belt skids, machine Cisco unity malfunction.Winter oil easily condenses, and the difficult generation that is switched on is slowed down and motor breaking axis.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the object of the present invention is to provide the sides that a kind of increase hydraulic pumping unit pushes away beam hanger stroke Method in configuration block and pushes away pulley blocks is arranged between beam hanger, and the pulley blocks include multiple groups fixed pulley and movable pulley, and cable wire one end is fixed On the rack, other end successively bypass after all fixed pulley and movable pulley with push away beam hanger and fix.
The present invention further discloses a kind of pumping unit for realizing the method, including Hydraulic pump, pedestal, on the pedestal Vertical columns are fixed with cabinet, the fixed stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane in the upper end of column on the column;Machine below the balance overhead traveling crane Pulley blocks, clump weight, hydraulic jack are set gradually in case;
The pulley blocks include multiple groups fixed pulley and multiple groups movable pulley, and balance day car is also provided with multiple groups fixed pulley, Cable wire one end is connect by polished rod eye with sucker rod;The other end of cable wire passes sequentially through the fixed pulley and pulley of balance day car Group solderless wrapped connection, the wrapping system be cable wire successively bypass after the fixed pulley being fixed on the inside of cabinet with the bottom of movable pulley around It connects, the end of cable wire is fixed on the consolidation device on cabinet;The movable pulley is fixed by supporting plate, and the axle center of movable pulley is along Vertical Square To point-blank;The supporting plate is fixed on the top of configuration block;The lower part of the clump weight and the piston of hydraulic jack It abuts;The hydraulic jack is driven by Hydraulic pump.
It further include tilting gearing, the tilting gearing includes inclination jack, one end of the inclination jack and pedestal On jacking bracket axis connect, other end connects with cabinet axis;The bottom end of the column connects with datum axle.
The Hydraulic pump, including the pump housing, motor, it is characterised in that: motor driven pinion gear, pinion gear are nibbled with gear wheel It closes;Gear wheel is coaxially fixed with main shaft;Main shaft is fixed by the rolling bearing over and under the pump housing;Slant face disc is fixed on master On axis;Multiple groups plunger pump is uniformly fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the pump housing;Sliding cap is set above the piston of the plunger pump, sliding cap Restoring spring is arranged in lower section;The sliding cap is abutted with the lower section of slant face disc;The oil inlet pipe of the plunger pump and the oil storage of lower section Tank connection;The flowline of the plunger pump is connected to total flowline;Pressure limiting valve and pressure gauge are set in the total flowline.
The gear ratio of pinion gear and gear wheel is 1:3-5.
Plane bearing is arranged in slant face disc and the roller bearing shop of the top, and slant face disc is supported with the plane bearing It connects.
Plane bearing is set between slant face disc and sliding cap.
The sliding cap shaped is hemisphere.
The quantity of the plunger pump is 8 groups, is uniformly distributed.
The invention has the advantages that
Fluid power replaces toward recovering technology to be rotated toward recovering technology, safe and reliable, light-weight;Vertical movement replaces horizontal movement, subtracts Power source, safety are saved in few space.Existing walking beam, vertical oil-pumping machine energy consumption are high, and pumping unit is applicable in operation power in 22- Between 30kw, separately with a series of activities such as 45KVA power transformer and high-tension line, expropriation of land stringing, installation electric power, increase-volume, need Nearly million yuan of cost.Novel fluid power pumping unit of the invention, every machine energy consumption only 3.0kw can reach 30 tons of highest of work Make load, and is not required to set up high voltage cable and transformer is installed.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of Hydraulic pump;
Fig. 3 is the position view of slant face disc and plunger pump.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawing, and as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the present invention includes Hydraulic pump 43, pedestal 23, institute Vertical columns 32 on pedestal 23 are stated, cabinet 38, the fixed stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane 34 in the upper end of column 32 are fixed on the column 32; Pulley blocks, clump weight 37, hydraulic jack 24 are set gradually in the cabinet 38 of 34 lower section of balance overhead traveling crane;
The pulley blocks include multiple groups fixed pulley 35 and multiple groups movable pulley 36, and it is fixed that multiple groups are also provided in the balance overhead traveling crane 34 Pulley 35,30 one end of cable wire are connect by polished rod eye with sucker rod 28;The other end of cable wire 30 passes sequentially through balance overhead traveling crane 34 Interior fixed pulley 35 and pulley blocks solderless wrapped connection, the wrapping system, which successively bypasses to be fixed on the inside of cabinet 38 for cable wire 30, determines cunning Bottom solderless wrapped connection after wheel 35 with movable pulley 36, the end of cable wire 30 is fixed on the consolidation device 44 on cabinet;The movable pulley 36 It is fixed by supporting plate 31, the axle center of movable pulley 36 is vertically point-blank;The supporting plate 31 is fixed on configuration block 37 Top;The lower part of the clump weight 37 is abutted with the piston of hydraulic jack 24;The hydraulic jack 24 is driven by Hydraulic pump 43 It is dynamic.
It further include tilting gearing for easy access, the tilting gearing includes inclination jack 39, the inclination jack 39 one end connects with 42 axis of jacking bracket on pedestal 23, and other end is connect with cabinet 38 by 41 axis of axis;The column 32 Bottom end connect with pedestal 23 by 40 axis of column axis.
For the intensity for reinforcing balance overhead traveling crane, it is also provided with triangular mounting arm 33 and is fixed between column 32 and balance overhead traveling crane 34.
The Hydraulic pump, including the pump housing 8, motor 1,1 driving pinion 2 of motor, pinion gear 2 are engaged with gear wheel 3;Canine tooth Wheel 3 is coaxial fixed with main shaft 21;Main shaft 21 is fixed by top rolling bearing 5 and scrolls beneath bearing 16;Slant face disc 7 is fixed On main shaft 21;Multiple groups plunger pump is uniformly fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the pump housing;It is arranged above the piston 11 of the plunger pump and slides Restoring spring 10 is arranged in the lower section of cap 9, sliding cap 9;The sliding cap 9 is abutted with the lower section of slant face disc 7;The oil inlet of the plunger pump Pipe is connected to the oil storage tank 22 of lower section;The flowline of the plunger pump is connected to total flowline 15;In the total flowline 15 Pressure limiting valve 12 and pressure gauge 14 are set on petroleum pipeline 13.
The gear ratio of pinion gear 2 and gear wheel 3 is 1:3-5.
Plane bearing 6 is arranged in slant face disc 7 and the top roller bearing shop, and slant face disc 7 is supported with the plane bearing 6 It connects.
9 setting plane bearing between slant face disc 7 and sliding cap.
9 shape of sliding cap is hemisphere.
The quantity of the plunger pump is 8 groups, is uniformly distributed.
Sphere 18 is arranged in the import of the plunger pump, and the sphere 18 is only capable of mobile to plunges pump body direction;The column The second sphere 20 is arranged in the exit of plug pump, and the second sphere is abutted with limit spring 19;Second sphere can only be to far from column It is mobile to fill in pump housing direction;Total flowline 15 is exported high pressure oil by petroleum pipeline 13.Strainer 17 is set at the fuel feed hole of plunger pump.
The principle of the present invention is: the weight of clump weight 37 and the similar weight of sucker rod 28, in this way, forming a kind of balance; Hydraulic jack 24 is driven by Hydraulic pump 43, and Hydraulic pump 43 drives configuration block 37 to move up and down, since clump weight 37 drives dynamic slide Wheel moves up and down, and therefore, the other end of amount of moving up and down of cable wire is directly proportional to the quantity of movable pulley 36, and then meets oil pumping The oil of the range demands of the plunger pump 25 of the bottom of device 27, extraction is flowed out from flowline 26;
The quantity of movable pulley can be adjusted according to the range demands of different plunger pumps;The weight of clump weight can also basis The length and weight of sucker rod adjust accordingly;
The principle of Hydraulic pump of the invention is;
Motor driven pinion gear, pinion gear drive gear wheel rotation, and gear wheel is rotated coaxially with main shaft, and then drives inclined-plane The rotation of disk rotational, slant face disc successively pushes the cunning cap of plunger pump, so that the outside pump oil of plunger pump.Each plunger pump Oil outlet is connected to total flowline by flowline, and therefore, the pressure of total flowline is the pressure summation of each plunger pump, and leads to Pressure limiting valve is crossed to adjust final oil pressure out.
By above-mentioned principle as it can be seen that lower-powered motor driven can be used in the present invention, to save power source and be not required to More electric power necessary resources are wanted, energy conservation and environmental protection is realized.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of increase the hydraulic pumping unit method that pushes away beam hanger stroke, it is characterised in that: in configuration block and push away to be arranged between beam hanger and slide Wheel group, the pulley blocks include multiple groups fixed pulley and movable pulley, and cable wire one end is fixed on the rack, and other end successively bypasses institute After some fixed pulleys and movable pulley with push away beam hanger and fix.
2. a kind of pumping unit for realizing claim 1 the method, it is characterised in that: including Hydraulic pump, pedestal, on the pedestal Vertical columns are fixed with cabinet, the fixed stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane in the upper end of column on the column;Machine below the balance overhead traveling crane Pulley blocks, clump weight, hydraulic jack are set gradually in case;
The pulley blocks include multiple groups fixed pulley and multiple groups movable pulley, and balance day car is also provided with multiple groups fixed pulley, cable wire One end is connect by polished rod eye with sucker rod;The other end of cable wire pass sequentially through balance day car fixed pulley and pulley blocks around It connects, the wrapping system is that cable wire successively bypasses bottom solderless wrapped connection after the fixed pulley being fixed on the inside of cabinet with movable pulley, steel The end of rope is fixed on the consolidation device on cabinet;The movable pulley is fixed by supporting plate, and the axle center of movable pulley vertically exists On straight line;The supporting plate is fixed on the top of configuration block;The lower part of the clump weight is abutted with the piston of hydraulic jack; The hydraulic jack is driven by Hydraulic pump;The Hydraulic pump, including the pump housing, motor, motor driven pinion gear, pinion gear and big Gear engagement;Gear wheel is coaxially fixed with main shaft;Main shaft is fixed by the rolling bearing over and under the pump housing;Slant face disc is solid It is scheduled on main shaft;Multiple groups plunger pump is uniformly fixedly installed on the bottom surface of the pump housing;Sliding cap is set above the piston of the plunger pump, Restoring spring is arranged in the lower section of sliding cap;The sliding cap is abutted with the lower section of slant face disc;The oil inlet pipe of the plunger pump and lower section Oil storage tank connection;The flowline of the plunger pump is connected to total flowline;Pressure limiting valve and pressure are set in the total flowline Table;The quantity of movable pulley can be adjusted according to the range demands of different plunger pumps.
CN201710903313.1A 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke Pending CN109577926A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710903313.1A CN109577926A (en) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710903313.1A CN109577926A (en) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109577926A true CN109577926A (en) 2019-04-05

Family

ID=65914481

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710903313.1A Pending CN109577926A (en) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A method of increasing hydraulic pumping unit and pushes away beam hanger stroke

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109577926A (en)

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Application publication date: 20190405