CN109569865A - A kind of processing method and equipment of building waste - Google Patents

A kind of processing method and equipment of building waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109569865A
CN109569865A CN201910033744.6A CN201910033744A CN109569865A CN 109569865 A CN109569865 A CN 109569865A CN 201910033744 A CN201910033744 A CN 201910033744A CN 109569865 A CN109569865 A CN 109569865A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
building waste
conveyer belt
processing
regenerated resources
building
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910033744.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡斌
杨晨霞
田昌林
周航
周一航
白飞飞
华和贵
李珂
孙翔
郭营
许艾宾
郭双仓
刘洪福
魏亚奎
马俊涛
崔翔宇
Original Assignee
洛阳城市建设勘察设计院有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 洛阳城市建设勘察设计院有限公司 filed Critical 洛阳城市建设勘察设计院有限公司
Priority to CN201910033744.6A priority Critical patent/CN109569865A/en
Publication of CN109569865A publication Critical patent/CN109569865A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention belongs to building waste processing technology fields, disclose the processing method and equipment of a kind of building waste;The processing method of the building waste includes: acquisition building waste, carries out pulverization process to building waste using pulverizer;Building waste is sent into regenerated resources device by smashed building waste using conveyer belt, and regenerated resources device carries out classification processing using Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm, carries out regeneration;According to different building wastes, being recycled for different building wastes is carried out by adjusting the docking that conveyer belt is adjusted with different conveyer belts;Conveyer belt and adjusting conveyer belt carry out rubbish transmission, and the building waste fallen enters accumulator tank.Fluting has discharge port on the right side of pulverizer, and discharge port lower section adjusts conveyer belt to conveyer belt is connected to, to regenerated resources process units is connected to, accumulator tank is placed on bottommost on conveyer belt right side to adjusting conveyer belt is connected to.The present invention can carry out classification processing to building waste, and recycling processing reduces the wasting of resources.

Description

A kind of processing method and equipment of building waste
Technical field
The invention belongs to building waste processing technology field more particularly to the processing methods and equipment of a kind of building waste.
Background technique
Currently, building waste is in the solid for implementing to generate in newly-built, renovating and enlarging or demolishing process to building Waste.With the development of urban construction, building renovation and the building waste that generates is increasing, and it is existing to building waste Processing method also need it is further perfect, handle it is bad pollutes the environment, the wasting of resources, existing apparatus building waste processing when, It can only be handled for single building waste, be not suitable for the processing of a variety of building wastes, processing is also only simply to crush, nothing Method realizes the integration for crushing recycling, and waste is serious during processing.
In conclusion problem of the existing technology is:
The existing processing method to building waste also need it is further perfect, handle it is bad pollutes the environment, the wasting of resources is existing There is device in building waste processing, can only be handled for single building waste, be not suitable for the processing of a variety of building wastes, located Reason is also only simple crushing, cannot achieve the integration for crushing recycling, and waste is serious during processing.
Part does not classify to building waste in the prior art, using mixed processing, cannot accomplish returning for precise and high efficiency It receives and utilizes, waste the resource of a large amount of recoverables;In addition, part carries out classification processing, but the speed classified is slower, and point Class is second-rate, reduces working efficiency.
Summary of the invention
In view of the problems of the existing technology, the present invention provides a kind of processing method of building waste and equipment.
The invention is realized in this way a kind of processing method of building waste, the processing method of the building waste include:
The first step acquires building waste, carries out pulverization process to building waste using pulverizer;
Building waste is sent into regenerated resources device by second step, smashed building waste using conveyer belt, regeneration Resource devices carry out classification processing using Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm, carry out regeneration;
Third step is carried out not according to different building wastes by adjusting the docking that conveyer belt is adjusted with different conveyer belts With being recycled for building waste;
4th step, conveyer belt and adjusting conveyer belt carry out rubbish transmission, and the building waste fallen enters accumulator tank.
Further, Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm, specific algorithm are as follows: D is sorting rubbish and its are used in the second step The set of associated class label;One n attribute vector X={ x of each sorting rubbish1, x2…xnIndicate, n category is described Property A1, A2…AnValue;Original collection is based on n dimension attribute and is divided into m class C altogether1, C2…Cm, it is general to the posteriority of X to calculate each class Rate, and object X is belonged into the class with highest posterior probability;Posterior probability P (Ci| X) calculation formula are as follows:
Attribute value is conditional mutually indepedent;P(Xi| C) calculation formula are as follows:
Wherein, P (x1|Ci)P(x2|Ci)…P(xn|Cn) by training object to ask calculation, xkIndicate X in attribute AkOn value;To every A classification CiCalculating P (X | Ci)P(Ci);When P (X | Ci)P(Ci)>P(X|C j)P(C j), when 1≤j≤m, j ≠ i are set up, X belongs to Class Ci
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of places of the building waste of processing method for executing the building waste Equipment is managed, the processing equipment of the building waste is provided with pulverizer, adjusts conveyer belt, conveyer belt, regenerated resources production dress It sets, feed inlet, discharge port, telescopic rod, accumulator tank;
Fluting has feed inlet above the pulverizer, and fluting has a discharge port on the right side of pulverizer, adjusts below discharge port to being connected to Conveyer belt is saved, adjusts and is welded with telescopic rod below conveyer belt, conveyer belt is adjusted to conveyer belt is connected to, adjusts conveyer belt and conveyer belt To fit closely together when docking, to regenerated resources process units is connected on the right side of conveyer belt, accumulator tank is placed on bottommost.
Further, it there are three the regenerated resources process units, can directly be recycled according to the regenerated resources of storage It is divided into two classes: can directly recycles regenerated resources process units 1, the regenerated resources process units that cannot directly recycle 2.
Advantages of the present invention and good effect are as follows: mentality of designing of the present invention is clear, and the setting by adjusting conveyer belt can be right Classification processing is carried out when building waste processing, it, can be respectively to different by regenerating again the setting of remote process units and conveyer belt Building waste carries out recycling processing, reduces the wasting of resources;By the setting of accumulator tank, so that can be kept away after building waste crushing Exempt from the waste fallen when transport in conveyer belt.
Mentality of designing of the present invention is clear, and classification processing can be carried out to building waste, and recycling processing reduces the wasting of resources.
The present invention classifies to building waste using Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm, effectively realizes and fast and accurately divides Class improves classification speed and quality, improves working efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the processing method flow chart of building waste provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the processing equipment structural schematic diagram of building waste provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
In figure: 1, pulverizer;2, conveyer belt is adjusted;3, conveyer belt;4, regenerated resources process units;5, feed inlet;6, go out Material mouth;7, telescopic rod;8, accumulator tank.
Specific embodiment
In order to further understand the content, features and effects of the present invention, the following examples are hereby given, and cooperate attached drawing Detailed description are as follows.
Structure of the invention is explained in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, the processing method of building waste provided in an embodiment of the present invention, specifically includes the following steps:
S101: acquisition building waste carries out pulverization process to building waste using pulverizer;
S102: building waste is sent into regenerated resources device by smashed building waste using conveyer belt, then production-goods Source device carries out classification processing using Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm, carries out regeneration;
S103: according to different building wastes, difference is carried out by adjusting the docking that conveyer belt is adjusted with different conveyer belts Building waste is recycled;
S104: conveyer belt and adjusting conveyer belt carry out rubbish transmission, and the building waste fallen enters accumulator tank.
It is provided in an embodiment of the present invention to use Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm in step S101, it effectively realizes quick and precisely Classification, improve classification speed and quality, improve working efficiency;Specific algorithm are as follows:
Let d be the set of sorting rubbish class label associated there;One n attribute vector X of each sorting rubbish ={ x1, x2…xnIndicate, n attribute A is described1, A2…AnValue;It is assumed that original collection is based on n dimension attribute is divided into m class altogether C1, C2…Cm, each class is calculated to the posterior probability of X, and object X is belonged into the class with highest posterior probability;Posterior probability P(Ci| X) calculation formula are as follows:
Due to P (Ci| X) computing cost it is larger, carry out class conditional sampling it is assumed that the class label of given vector, and false It is conditional mutually indepedent to determine attribute value;P(Xi| C) calculation formula are as follows:
Wherein, P (x1|Ci)P(x2|Ci)…P(xn|Cn) calculation, x easily can be asked by training objectkIndicate X in attribute Ak On value;To each classification CiCalculating P (X | Ci)P(Ci);When P (X | Ci)P(Ci)>P(X|Cj)P(Cj), 1≤j≤m, j ≠ i at Immediately, X belongs to class Ci
In step S102, there are three regenerated resources process units provided in an embodiment of the present invention, according to the production-goods again of storage Can source, which directly recycle, is divided into two classes: can directly recycle regenerated resources process units 1, cannot directly recycle Regenerated resources process units 2.
In step S102, the regenerated resources process units provided in an embodiment of the present invention that cannot directly recycle is divided into solid State regenerated resources process units and liquid regenerated resources process units.
In step S102, liquid regenerated resources process units provided in an embodiment of the present invention is also known as sewage-treatment plant, Sewage-treatment plant is made of front-end processing pond, MBR biochemical reaction tank, sludge-tank, clear water sterilization pool, equipment room.
In step S102, solid-state regenerated resources process units provided in an embodiment of the present invention is different according to the material of rubbish Classify, the rubbish of unlike material is handled respectively according to its extent of deterioration.
As shown in Fig. 2, the processing equipment of building waste provided in an embodiment of the present invention, is provided with
Pulverizer 1 adjusts conveyer belt 2, conveyer belt 3, regenerated resources process units 4, feed inlet 5, discharge port 6, telescopic rod 7, accumulator tank 8.
Fluting has feed inlet 5 above the pulverizer 1, and fluting has discharge port 6 on the right side of pulverizer 1, docks below discharge port 6 Have and adjust conveyer belt 2, adjust and be welded with telescopic rod 7 below conveyer belt 2, adjusts conveyer belt 2 to conveyer belt 3 is connected to, adjust transmission For together with fitting closely when band 2 and conveyer belt 3 dock, 3 right side of conveyer belt is to being connected to regenerated resources process units 4, accumulator tank 8 It is placed on bottommost.
The working principle of the invention:
Building waste is poured into pulverizer 1 by feeding inlet 5, pulverizer 1 crushes building waste, later by discharging For mouth 6 to conveyer belt 2 is adjusted, the telescopic adjustment of telescopic rod 7 will be passed through by adjusting conveyer belt 2, be directed at any conveyer belt 3, and be transmitted later Building waste is sent into regenerated resources device 4 and carries out regeneration by band 3;When for different building wastes, it can be passed by adjusting The docking for sending band 2 to adjust with different conveyer belts 3 carries out being recycled for different building wastes;In conveyer belt 3 and adjust transmission When band 2 transmits rubbish, the building waste fallen enters accumulator tank 8, avoids wasting.
The above is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention in any form, Any simple modification made to the above embodiment according to the technical essence of the invention, equivalent variations and modification, belong to In the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of processing method of building waste, which is characterized in that the processing method of the building waste includes:
The first step acquires building waste, carries out pulverization process to building waste using pulverizer;
Building waste is sent into regenerated resources device, regenerated resources by second step, smashed building waste using conveyer belt Device carries out classification processing using Naive Bayes Classification Algorithm, carries out regeneration;
Third step is built according to different building wastes by adjusting the docking progress difference that conveyer belt is adjusted with different conveyer belts Building refuse is recycled;
4th step, conveyer belt and adjusting conveyer belt carry out rubbish transmission, and the building waste fallen enters accumulator tank.
2. the processing method of building waste as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that using simple pattra leaves in the second step This sorting algorithm, specific algorithm are as follows: D is the set of sorting rubbish class label associated there;One n of each sorting rubbish Attribute vector X={ x1, x2…xnIndicate, n attribute A is described1, A2…AnValue;Original collection is based on n dimension attribute and divides altogether For m class C1, C2…Cm, each class is calculated to the posterior probability of X, and object X is belonged into the class with highest posterior probability; Posterior probability P (Ci| X) calculation formula are as follows:
Attribute value is conditional mutually indepedent;P(Xi| C) calculation formula are as follows:
Wherein, P (x1|Ci)P(x2|Ci)…P(xn|Cn) by training object to ask calculation, xkIndicate X in attribute AkOn value;To each class Other CiCalculating P (X | Ci)P(Ci);When P (X | Ci)P(Ci)>P(X|Cj)P(Cj), when 1≤j≤m, j ≠ i are set up, X belongs to class Ci
3. the processing equipment that a kind of perform claim requires the building waste of the processing method of 1 building waste, which is characterized in that The processing equipment of the building waste is provided with pulverizer, adjusts conveyer belt, conveyer belt, regenerated resources process units, charging Mouth, discharge port, telescopic rod, accumulator tank;
Pulverizer top fluting has feed inlet, and fluting has discharge port on the right side of pulverizer, and discharge port lower section is passed to adjusting is connected to Band is sent, adjusts and is welded with telescopic rod below conveyer belt, conveyer belt is adjusted to conveyer belt is connected to, adjusts conveyer belt and conveyer belt docking When to fit closely together, to regenerated resources process units is connected on the right side of conveyer belt, accumulator tank is placed on bottommost.
4. the processing equipment of building waste as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the regenerated resources process units has three It is a, it can directly be recycled according to the regenerated resources of storage and be divided into two classes: can directly recycle regenerated resources process units 1 It is a, the regenerated resources process units that cannot directly recycle 2.
CN201910033744.6A 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 A kind of processing method and equipment of building waste CN109569865A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001062476A (en) * 1999-08-25 2001-03-13 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Garbage treating device and its treating method
CN201150926Y (en) * 2007-12-29 2008-11-19 天津市裕川置业集团有限公司 Builders rubbish comprehensive processing and utilizing system
CN101259477A (en) * 2008-04-18 2008-09-10 北京恒业村科技有限公司 City garbage specification recovery processing device
CN101544483A (en) * 2009-04-15 2009-09-30 潍坊三建滨海建筑材料有限公司 Method for producing renewable aggregate by using construction waste
CN204134916U (en) * 2014-08-27 2015-02-04 台虹科技股份有限公司 Sorter
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