CN109569164B - Ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module - Google Patents

Ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109569164B
CN109569164B CN201910004372.4A CN201910004372A CN109569164B CN 109569164 B CN109569164 B CN 109569164B CN 201910004372 A CN201910004372 A CN 201910004372A CN 109569164 B CN109569164 B CN 109569164B
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fiber
electrostatic
ultraviolet
silver
negative ion
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CN109569164A (en
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唐汉湘
许财明
李宇华
邓财亮
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Guangzhou Aoqi Laboratory Technology Co ltd
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Guangzhou Aoqi Laboratory Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • A61L9/18Radiation
    • A61L9/20Ultra-violet radiation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • A61L9/22Ionisation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/06Polluted air

Abstract

The invention provides an ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module, which comprises: an outer housing; a first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate installed inside the outer shell; the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device is arranged in the outer shell and is positioned above the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate; the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate is arranged in the outer shell and is positioned above the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device; a silver-copper ion fiber board arranged above the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter board; and a housing cover mounted over the silver copper ion fiberboard. This ultraviolet anion static fibre and silver copper ion fibre synthesize module of disinfecting adopts multiple disinfection, the adsorption filtration mode that the sterilization technique fuses mutually, can kill bacterial microorganism bacterium, virus more high-efficient thoroughly, get rid of particle pollutants such as PM2.5/PM 10.

Description

Ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of air purification equipment, in particular to an ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module.
Background
In recent years, increasingly serious indoor air pollution including particulate matter pollutants PM2.5, viruses, microorganisms, organic volatile gases, inorganic volatile gases and the like is harmful to physical and mental health of people, and the problem of treating the air pollution is a problem which is urgently needed to be solved by society and nationality at present. Stimulating the requirement of people on environmental purification, such as air purification equipment. The air purification equipment on the market generally adopts a physical adsorption method, an active carbon filtration technology, a high-efficiency filter technology, an electrostatic ion technology, an ultraviolet sterilization technology and the like for treating the polluted gas.
Traditional active carbon filters, high efficiency filter HEPA filter core, though can get rid of some formaldehyde, VOC organic volatile gas and peculiar smell effect through physical filtration, but particle contaminant purification principle is direct interception, inertial collision, brown diffusion, and the granule gets into easy gathering, blocks up the filter screen, and it is too big to have the windage in-service use, can not wash, and life is short, and the cycle is short, increases shortcomings such as renew cartridge cost. Although the traditional electrostatic ion technology can generate positive and negative ions to achieve the purpose of purifying particle pollutants to a certain extent, the air purification retention time is short, and the positive and negative ions released by the equipment which is arranged on a single side cannot be uniformly distributed, so that the sterilization effect is limited. In the purification process of HEPA high-efficiency filtering particulate matters and microbial pollutants, the HEPA high-efficiency filtering particulate matters and the microbial pollutants are quickly saturated, and secondary pollution is generated, so that the purification effect cannot be achieved. The traditional purifying equipment with the ultraviolet sterilization technology generally adopts the air inlet direction to be vertical to the axial direction of the ultraviolet lamp tube, the contact time of actual air and ultraviolet rays is short, the number of ultraviolet lamps is fixed and cannot be adjusted, the ultraviolet rays easily form dead angles, the light distribution is uniform, and the sterilization is not thorough. Therefore, by combining the above situations, the existing air purification performance and installation mode need to be further improved and optimized.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the comprehensive sterilization module of the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and the silver-copper ion fiber, which adopts an adsorption filtration mode of combining multiple sterilization and disinfection technologies, and can more efficiently and thoroughly kill bacteria and bacteria, viruses and remove particle pollutants such as PM2.5/PM10 and the like.
In order to realize the technical scheme, the invention provides an ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module, which comprises: the power supply comprises an outer shell, a power supply mounting hole and a power supply mounting hole, wherein the outer shell is a frame body with a hollow middle part; a first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate installed inside the outer shell; an ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic integrated device which is arranged in the shell and is positioned above the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate, the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device comprises a frame, a negative ion generator, an ultraviolet lamp, a ballast, a power supply connector and a concentrator, the frame is designed into a hollow square frame, the end edges of the square frame are provided with mounting grooves, the negative ion generators are respectively mounted in the centers of the mounting grooves, the mounting direction of a negative ion electrode discharge needle in the negative ion generator is vertical to the air inlet direction, the concentrator is mounted in a mounting groove arranged at the end edge of the frame, a power supply connector wire on the negative ion generator penetrates through the end edge of the frame and extends inwards to be connected with the concentrator, the power supply connector is mounted in a power supply mounting hole reserved at the side edge of the shell body, the power supply connector is connected with the concentrator through a lead and is connected with the negative ion generator to form a power supply path; a plurality of ultraviolet lamps are parallelly arranged in the frame at intervals, an independent ballast is correspondingly arranged on the end edge of each ultraviolet lamp, and the ballasts are respectively connected with the concentrator through conducting wires; the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate is arranged in the outer shell and is positioned above the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device; a silver-copper ion fiber board arranged above the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter board; and a shell cover which is arranged above the silver-copper ion fiber board and covers the first static electret synthetic fiber filter board, the ultraviolet negative ion static comprehensive device, the second static electret synthetic fiber filter board and the silver-copper ion fiber board in the shell.
Preferably, the silver-copper ion fiber board comprises an activated carbon fiber substrate, and the surface of the activated carbon fiber substrate is uniformly coated with a silver-copper ion mixed layer.
Preferably, the silver-copper ion fiber board is prepared by the following method: firstly, activating the carbon-containing fiber at the temperature of 800-1200 ℃ to generate a nano-scale aperture on the surface of the carbon-containing fiber; then pressing the activated carbon-containing fiber into an activated carbon fiber substrate; then soaking the activated carbon fiber substrate in Ag with the molar mass ratio of 1:1-3 and the molar concentration of 0.1-0.5mol/L+And Cu2+Mixing with metal ion solution for 30-60min, and coating Ag on the activated carbon fiber substrate by adsorption and chemical reaction+And Cu2+(ii) a Finally, the activated carbon fiber substrate is made from Ag+And Cu2+Taking out the mixed metal ion solution and drying.
Preferably, the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate have the same structure and are both made of polypropylene film electret electrostatic materials, and the surfaces of the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate are both designed into a honeycomb shape.
Preferably, the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate are respectively provided with a back adhesive magic tape on the end edges, and the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate are respectively pasted on the upper end face and the lower end face of the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device through the back adhesive magic tapes.
Preferably, the ultraviolet lamp is a UVC ultraviolet lamp generating a wavelength of 254nm, the ultraviolet lamp is transversely arranged in the middle of the frame in an overhead mode, and the left end edge and the right end edge of the ultraviolet lamp are respectively fixed in mounting holes formed in the end edges of the frame.
Preferably, the frame among the ultraviolet anion static comprehensive device is aluminum alloy frame, scribble heat conduction insulating coating in the aluminum alloy frame, the aluminum alloy frame is outside through wire ground connection, and aluminum alloy frame design is square hollow structure, and the aluminum alloy frame top is provided with bayonet socket detachable aluminum alloy cover plate, and the aluminum alloy frame middle part is the cavity of gas flow.
Preferably, the anion generator is a carbon brush type anion generator.
Preferably, the power connector is a spring plate type power connector, and the spring plate type power connector is made by placing an epoxy resin insulating plate into a metal spring plate after being grooved.
The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module provided by the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) the ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module adopts an adsorption filtration mode of combining multiple sterilization and sterilization technologies, can more efficiently and thoroughly kill bacteria and viruses of bacteria microorganisms and remove particle pollutants such as PM2.5/PM10 and the like, and has the advantages of simple structure, small wind resistance, long service cycle, plug-and-play installation, convenient maintenance, safety and reliability due to the modular design;
2) the ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module can enhance the air purification capacity by using the synergistic effect between an upper static electret synthetic fiber filter plate and a lower static electret synthetic fiber filter plate and an ultraviolet anion electrostatic comprehensive device, when air enters the static electret synthetic fiber filter plates, PM2.5 particle pollutants, bacteria, viruses and microorganisms can be firmly adsorbed, the adsorption and filtration of the particle pollutants are realized, and meanwhile, the bacteria and the microorganisms are also strongly adsorbed, so that the ultraviolet lamps can realize a short-distance and long-time sterilization process, the cell membranes and DNA of the microorganisms are effectively destroyed, the bacteria can be thoroughly killed, the number of the ultraviolet lamps is adjustable, the ultraviolet ray dead corners can be avoided, the ultraviolet light distribution is uniform, the sterilization and disinfection efficiency is high, and the air reaches the healthy air quality standard;
3) when the negative ion generator in the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module is installed, the direction of a discharge needle is vertical to the air inlet direction, negative ions released by the negative ion generator are uniformly distributed in air flow, so that the negative ions are fully combined with particles such as PM2.5/PM10 in the air flow to be in a negative charge state, and when the negative ions pass through an electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate with positive polarity, the negative ions are firmly adsorbed, high-efficiency adsorption and filtration of particle pollutants are realized, and meanwhile, the electrostatic field and micro-current stimulation generated by the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the negative ion generator cause the variation of proteins, nucleic acids and the like of bacteria entering a hollow cavity to destroy the surface structure of the bacteria, thereby inhibiting the propagation of the bacteria and killing the bacteria, and having the effects of high-strength filtration and sterilization;
4) the silver-copper ion fiber board adopted by the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module has the advantages of naturalness, sustainability, safety, no pollution, small wind resistance, adsorptivity, strong antibacterial action and the like, and simultaneously has the effect of initiating combined attack on cells of bacteria and viruses, copper ions are used for attacking proteins/amino acids of cell walls so that the silver ions easily invade the cells, and after silver enters cytoplasm, the silver reacts with DNA of genome so as to disable key enzymes related to respiratory function and key enzymes related to cell wall nutrient permeation function, thereby realizing extremely high sterilization and antivirus effect, and having very good inactivation effect on influenza A, influenza B, bird flu, atypical pneumonia virus, escherichia coli and the like;
5) this ultraviolet anion static fiber and silver-copper ion fiber synthesize sterilization module can adopt shell fragment formula power connector's power connection mode to give the anion, and the ultraviolet lamp power supply has greatly increased the installation and has maintained, clear convenience, and the module has also set up reliable ground connection simultaneously and has improved the security. When the integrated sterilization module is used, the clamping groove of the air purification equipment is only needed to be inserted, so that the elastic sheet type power connector is contacted with the matched contact installed on the air purification equipment, and the integrated sterilization module for the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fibers and the silver-copper ion fibers can be realized.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the ultraviolet anion electrostatic synthesizer of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a silver-copper ion fiberboard of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a middle electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate according to the invention.
In the figure: 1. an outer housing; 2. a first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate; 3. ultraviolet anion static synthesis device; 4. a second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate; 5. silver-copper ion fiberboard; 6. a housing cover; 31. a frame; 32. a negative ion generator; 33. an ultraviolet lamp; 34. a ballast; 35. a ground line; 36. a flip chip power connector; 37. a hub; 38. PVC wiring groove.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without making any inventive step are within the scope of the present invention.
Example (b): an ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, an ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module includes:
the module comprises an outer shell 1, wherein the outer shell 1 is a frame body with a hollow middle part, air to be purified can pass through the hollow middle part of the frame body, the frame body is an outermost layer protection frame and an installation base of the module, and a power supply installation hole is reserved on the side edge of the frame body, so that the power supply module can be conveniently installed;
the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 2 is arranged in the shell 1 and positioned at the bottom layer, the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 2 is made of a polypropylene film electret electrostatic material, the surface of the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 2 is designed to be irregular honeycomb-shaped, the contact area with air during air purification can be increased, the adsorption capacity on PM2.5 particle pollutants, bacteria, viruses, microorganisms and the like in the air is enhanced, and a back adhesive magic tape is arranged on the end edge of the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate, so that the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate can be conveniently and quickly installed;
install in the shell body 1 inside and be located the ultraviolet anion static integrated device 3 of first static electret synthetic fiber filter 2 top, ultraviolet anion static integrated device 3 includes aluminum alloy frame 31, heat conduction insulating coating is scribbled in aluminum alloy frame 31 inside, whole aluminum alloy frame 31 outside is executed reliably safely ground connection simultaneously, aluminum alloy frame 31 designs for square hollow structure and subsidiary bayonet socket can dismantle aluminum alloy cover plate, aluminum alloy frame 31 middle part is the cavity of gas flow, set up the mounting groove in four terminal edges of aluminum alloy frame 31, four anion generator 32 install respectively in four terminal edge mounting groove centers of aluminum alloy frame 31, and the installation direction of the anion electrode discharge needle in anion generator 32 is perpendicular with the air inlet direction, anion generator 32 is carbon brush formula anion generator, the power connector line on four carbon brush formula anion generator runs through the terminal edge of aluminum alloy frame 31 and inwards extends To the concentrator module 37 installed in the aluminum alloy frame 31, the spring plate type power connector 36 is installed on the end edge of the aluminum alloy frame 31 and corresponds to the power installation hole reserved on the outer shell 1, the spring plate type power connector 36 is made of an epoxy resin insulation board which is placed into a metal spring plate after being grooved, and the spring plate type power connector 36 is connected with the concentrator module 37 through a lead and is connected with the four negative ion generators 32 to form a power supply path; the six ultraviolet lamps 33 are staggered from the installation positions of the anion generator 32, arranged at intervals in parallel, transversely arranged in the middle of the aluminum alloy frame 31 in an overhead manner, and the left and right end edges of the six ultraviolet lamps 33 are respectively fixed in the installation holes arranged at the end edges of the aluminum alloy frame 31; six ballasts 34 are arranged on the end edge of the aluminum alloy frame 31, each ballast 34 is independently connected with the corresponding ultraviolet lamp 33 through a lead, the ballasts 34 are used for independently providing power for the ultraviolet lamps 33, the six independently controllable ultraviolet lamps 33 are adopted in the device, the required number of ultraviolet lamps 33 can be arranged according to specific illumination requirements, the opening and closing of each ultraviolet lamp 33 can be independently adjusted through the ballasts 34, the flexibility is high, illumination dead corners can be avoided, the purification effect is enhanced, and the ultraviolet lamps 33 adopt UVC ultraviolet lamps generating 254nm wavelength, so that high-efficiency sterilization can be realized; the concentrator module 37 is installed in the aluminum alloy frame 31, each ballast 34 is respectively connected with the concentrator module 3-through a lead, the spring plate type power connector 36 is connected with the concentrator module 37 through a lead, the spring plate type power connector 36 is used for connecting an external power supply, the concentrator module 37 is powered on and simultaneously provides power for the ballast 34 and the anion generator 32, the concentrator module 37 is used for facilitating the quick connection of the leads of each ballast 34 and each anion generator 32, the whole module is only required to be inserted into a clamping groove of the air purification device in the actual use process, so that the spring plate type power connector 36 is contacted with a matched contact installed on the air purification device, namely the concentrator module 37 is powered on, the power supply work of six ultraviolet lamps 33 and four anion generators 34 can be realized, the plug and play and the installation are convenient, and the convenience of installation and maintenance is greatly improved, the assembly efficiency is improved; because the number of the wires in the aluminum alloy frame 31 is large, the PVC wiring grooves 38 are specially arranged in the front end edge and the rear end edge of the aluminum alloy frame 31, the connecting wires between the ballast 34 and the ultraviolet lamp 33 and the connecting wires between the ballast 34 and the concentrator module 37 and between the negative ion generator 32 and the concentrator module 37 are all arranged in the PVC wiring grooves 38 in parallel, the disorder of the wires can be prevented, and after the internal wiring is finished, the cover plate of the aluminum alloy frame is covered by screws for fixing; in the actual use process, when being installed, the negative ion generator 32 in the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic integrated device 3 is vertical to the air inlet direction, the negative ions released by the negative ion generator 32 are uniformly distributed in the air flow, so that the negative ions are fully combined with particles such as PM2.5/PM10 in the air flow to present a negative charge state, and when passing through the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate with positive polarity, the negative ions are firmly adsorbed, so that high-efficiency adsorption and filtration of particle pollutants are realized, and meanwhile, the electrostatic field and micro-current stimulation generated by the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the negative ion generator cause the variation of proteins, nucleic acids and the like of bacteria entering the hollow cavity to destroy the surface structure of the bacteria, thereby inhibiting the propagation of the bacteria and killing the bacteria, and having the effects of high-strength filtration and sterilization; when air enters the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate, PM2.5 particle pollutants, bacteria, viruses and microorganisms can be firmly adsorbed on the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate, so that the ultraviolet lamp can realize a short-distance and long-time sterilization process, cell membranes and DNA of the microorganisms can be effectively destroyed, the bacteria can be thoroughly killed, the number of the ultraviolet lamps is large and adjustable, an ultraviolet ray dead angle can be avoided, the ultraviolet light is uniformly distributed, the sterilization and disinfection efficiency is high, and the air reaches the quality standard of healthy air;
the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 4 is arranged in the shell body 1 and is positioned above the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device 2, the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 4 and the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 3 have the same structure and function, and the air purification capability can be enhanced through the synergistic effect among the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 2, the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 4 and the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device 3;
a silver-copper ion fiber board 5 arranged above the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 4, wherein the silver-copper ion fiber board 5 is an antibacterial and antiviral active carbon fiber material prepared by mixing silver ions and copper ions, and air is enabled to be air due to dynamic factorsThe silver-copper ion fiber board 5 comprises an activated carbon fiber substrate, wherein a silver-copper ion mixed layer is uniformly coated on the surface of the activated carbon fiber substrate, and the specific manufacturing method comprises the following steps: firstly, activating PAN-based carbon-containing fibers at the temperature of 1000 ℃ to enable the surface of the PAN-based carbon-containing fibers to generate nanoscale apertures; then pressing the activated PAN-based carbon-containing fiber into an activated carbon fiber substrate; then soaking the activated carbon fiber substrate in Ag with the molar mass ratio of 1:2 and the molar concentration of 0.2mol/L+And Cu2+Mixing with metal ion solution for 50min, coating Ag on the activated carbon fiber substrate by adsorption and chemical reaction+And Cu2+(ii) a Finally, the activated carbon fiber substrate is made from Ag+And Cu2+Taking out the mixed metal ion solution and drying to obtain the silver-copper ion fiber board 5; the silver-copper ion fiber board 5 has the advantages of naturalness, sustainability, safety, no pollution, small wind resistance, adsorptivity, strong antibacterial action and the like, and simultaneously has the effect of initiating combined attack to bacteria and virus cells, copper ions attack proteins/amino acids of cell walls so that silver ions easily invade the cells, and after silver enters cytoplasm, the silver reacts with DNA of genome to disable key enzyme related to respiratory function and disable key enzyme related to nutrient permeation function of the cell walls, thereby realizing extremely high bactericidal and antiviral effects and having very good inactivation effect on influenza A, influenza B, avian influenza, atypical virus, escherichia coli and the like;
install 5 tops of silver-copper ion fibreboard and synthesize device 3, ultraviolet anion static with first static electret synthetic fibre filter 2, second static electret synthetic fibre filter 4 and silver-copper ion fibreboard 5 lid and close outer cover 6 in the shell, outer cover 6 is the fixed encapsulation in 1 tops of shell body that is used for the complete module, and outer cover 6 middle part also sets up to the fretwork.
In order to further explain the present invention, the functions of each module in the present invention are specifically explained as follows:
1) the silver-copper ion fiber board 5 is prepared by preparing an antibacterial and antiviral activated carbon fiber material by adopting a 'silver ion + copper ion' mixing technology, soaking the activated carbon fiber in a metal ion Ag + and Cu2+ solution, coating silver ions and copper ions on the activated carbon fiber through adsorption and chemical reaction, and drying to prepare the silver-copper ion fiber board, wherein the metal ion Ag + and Cu2+ have broad spectrum on inhibiting and killing bacteria and viruses, and have better inhibiting and killing effects on bacteria. The material has the advantages of nature, persistence, safety, no pollution, small wind resistance, adsorbability, strong antibacterial action and the like. In the process of adsorption and desorption of the antibacterial and antiviral activated carbon fiber material, because of the dynamic factors, bacteria and viruses have certain retention time on the surface of an adsorption material before desorption, the most delicate point is that combined attack is initiated on the bacteria and virus cells, copper attacks proteins/amino acids of cell walls so that silver easily invades the cells, and after the silver enters cytoplasm, the silver reacts with DNA of a genome to disable key enzymes related to respiratory function and disable key enzymes related to nutrient permeation function of the cell walls, thereby realizing extremely high bactericidal and antiviral effects. Has good inactivation effect on influenza A, influenza B, avian influenza and the like.
2) The first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 2 and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate 4 are both made of polypropylene film electret electrostatic material and are designed into irregular honeycombs, so that wind resistance can be reduced, the filter plates are guaranteed to have huge specific surface area, particulate pollutants and microorganisms can be captured and carried more effectively, strong electrostatic performance can be presented stably for a long time, electrostatic field and micro-current stimulation are generated with a high-concentration negative ion generator, the protein, nucleic acid and the like of bacteria are mutated, the surface structure of the bacteria is damaged, and therefore the bacteria reproduction and the bacteria killing are inhibited, and in addition, under the cooperation of the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and an ultraviolet lamp, the microorganisms are adsorbed on the electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate firmly, therefore, the ultraviolet lamp can realize short-distance and long-time sterilization and disinfection processes, effectively destroy microbial cell membranes and DNA, and efficiently kill microbes such as viruses, bacteria and the like. By adopting the function, the functions of killing bacteria and microorganisms and adsorbing particulate pollutants such as PM2.5/PM10 and the like are greatly enhanced.
3) The power connection mode of the elastic sheet type power connector 36 is adopted for the module design to supply power to the anion generator 32 and the ultraviolet lamp 33, the installation and maintenance are greatly increased, the module is also reliably grounded to improve the safety while the cleaning convenience is realized, and only the air purification equipment needs to be inserted during the use, so that the elastic sheet type power connector 36 can realize the power supply of the module by touching with a matched contact installed on the air purification equipment.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the present invention should not be limited to the embodiment and the disclosure of the drawings, and therefore, all equivalent or modifications that do not depart from the spirit of the present invention are intended to fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a module that disinfects is synthesized to ultraviolet anion static fibre and silver-copper ion fibre which characterized in that includes:
the power supply comprises an outer shell, a power supply mounting hole and a power supply mounting hole, wherein the outer shell is a frame body with a hollow middle part;
a first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate installed inside the outer shell;
an ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic integrated device which is arranged in the shell and is positioned above the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate, the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device comprises a frame, a negative ion generator, an ultraviolet lamp, a ballast, a power supply connector and a concentrator, the frame is designed into a hollow square frame, the end edges of the square frame are provided with mounting grooves, the negative ion generators are respectively mounted in the centers of the mounting grooves, the mounting direction of a negative ion electrode discharge needle in the negative ion generator is vertical to the air inlet direction, the concentrator is mounted in a mounting groove arranged at the end edge of the frame, a power supply connector wire on the negative ion generator penetrates through the end edge of the frame and extends inwards to be connected with the concentrator, the power supply connector is mounted in a power supply mounting hole reserved at the side edge of the shell body, the power supply connector is connected with the concentrator through a lead and is connected with the negative ion generator to form a power supply path; a plurality of ultraviolet lamps are parallelly arranged in the frame at intervals, an independent ballast is correspondingly arranged on the end edge of each ultraviolet lamp, and the ballasts are respectively connected with the concentrator through conducting wires;
the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate is arranged in the outer shell and is positioned above the ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic comprehensive device;
a silver-copper ion fiber board arranged above the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter board; and
and the shell cover is arranged above the silver-copper ion fiber board and covers the first static electret synthetic fiber filter plate, the ultraviolet negative ion static comprehensive device, the second static electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the silver-copper ion fiber board in the shell.
2. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the silver-copper ion fiber board comprises an activated carbon fiber substrate, and a silver-copper ion mixed layer is uniformly coated on the surface of the activated carbon fiber substrate.
3. The ultraviolet anion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the silver-copper ion fiber board is prepared by the following method: firstly, activating the carbon-containing fiber at the temperature of 800-1200 ℃ to generate a nano-scale aperture on the surface of the carbon-containing fiber; then pressing the activated carbon-containing fiber into an activated carbon fiber substrate; then soaking the activated carbon fiber substrate in Ag with the molar mass ratio of 1:1-3 and the molar concentration of 0.1-0.5mol/L+And Cu2+Mixing with metal ion solution for 30-60min, and coating Ag on the activated carbon fiber substrate by adsorption and chemical reaction+And Cu2+(ii) a Finally, the activated carbon fiber substrate is made from Ag+And Cu2+Taking out the mixed metal ion solution and drying.
4. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate are identical in structure and are both made of polypropylene film electret electrostatic materials, and the surfaces of the first electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second electrostatic electret synthetic fiber filter plate are both designed to be honeycomb-shaped.
5. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: the end edges of the first static electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second static electret synthetic fiber filter plate are respectively provided with a back adhesive magic tape, and the first static electret synthetic fiber filter plate and the second static electret synthetic fiber filter plate are respectively pasted on the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the ultraviolet negative ion static comprehensive device through the back adhesive magic tapes.
6. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the ultraviolet lamp is a UVC ultraviolet lamp which generates 254nm wavelength, the ultraviolet lamp is transversely arranged in the middle of the frame in an overhead mode, and the left end edge and the right end edge of the ultraviolet lamp are respectively fixed in mounting holes formed in the end edges of the frame.
7. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that: the frame among the ultraviolet anion static composite device is aluminum alloy frame, scribble heat conduction insulating coating in the aluminum alloy frame, the aluminum alloy frame is outside through wire ground connection, and aluminum alloy frame designs for square hollow structure, and the aluminum alloy frame top is provided with bayonet socket detachable aluminum alloy cover plate, and the aluminum alloy frame middle part is the cavity of gas flow.
8. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the negative ion generator is a carbon brush type negative ion generator.
9. The ultraviolet negative ion electrostatic fiber and silver-copper ion fiber comprehensive sterilization module as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the power connector is a spring plate type power connector which is made by placing an epoxy resin insulating plate into a metal spring plate after being grooved.
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