CN109544884A - Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network - Google Patents

Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109544884A
CN109544884A CN201710857428.1A CN201710857428A CN109544884A CN 109544884 A CN109544884 A CN 109544884A CN 201710857428 A CN201710857428 A CN 201710857428A CN 109544884 A CN109544884 A CN 109544884A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
communication module
remote
module
lora
geological hazards
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CN201710857428.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄鑫
高飞
牟春雷
岳雷
颜芳
张廷廷
王金宁
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航天科工惯性技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201710857428.1A priority Critical patent/CN109544884A/en
Publication of CN109544884A publication Critical patent/CN109544884A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network, which includes: at least one intelligent terminal, and at least one intelligent terminal for acquiring simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring data, each intelligent terminal includes Lora communication module;Live main control unit, live main control unit are connect with each Lora communication module respectively by loraWAN, and live main control unit is for receiving simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring data;Cloud service platform, cloud service platform are connect with live main control unit, and cloud service platform is for receiving, handling, storing and analyzing Geological Hazards Monitoring data.It applies the technical scheme of the present invention, to solve the technical problem that geological disaster wireless technology transmission range is short, stability is poor, power consumption is higher and networking capability is low in the prior art.

Description

Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network

Technical field

The present invention relates to monitoring technology for geological hazards field more particularly to a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor networks.

Background technique

The main task of Geological Hazards Monitoring is that monitoring geological disaster time-space domain develops information, risk factor etc., maximum journey Degree obtains continuous geometric distortion data.By with the measurement of various technology and methods, monitoring geological disaster activity and various The work of risk factor dynamic change is not only the important evidence of prediction geological disaster, and is also to prevent and reduce natural disasters Important content.

Wireless sensor network is an important content in geological disaster monitoring system construction, is mainly used for carrying out data Acquisition, human-computer interaction and data short-distance transmission, currently used wireless communication technique include bluetooth, WiFi, Zigbee etc.. However since Geological Hazards Monitoring equipment is usually mounted to field environment, meteorological condition and geographical environment are relatively severe, lead to Also than less desirable, the wireless technology of existing geological disaster monitoring system application has the following deficiencies: the coverage condition of communication network Transmission range is short, stability is poor, power consumption is higher, networking capability is low, which has been unable to meet existing Geological Hazards Monitoring Demand.

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network, be able to solve geological disaster in the prior art without The technical problem that line technology transmission range is short, stability is poor, power consumption is higher and networking capability is low.

The present invention provides a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network, wireless sensor network includes: at least one intelligence Energy terminal, at least one intelligent terminal for acquiring simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring data, each intelligent terminal includes Lora Communication module;Live main control unit, live main control unit are connect with each Lora communication module respectively by loraWAN, scene Main control unit is for receiving simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring data;Cloud service platform, cloud service platform and live main control unit connect It connects, cloud service platform is for receiving, handling, storing and analyzing Geological Hazards Monitoring data.

Further, intelligent terminal further include: sensory package, sensory package is for detecting Geological Hazards Monitoring data;Number According to acquisition general module, data acquisition general module is connect with sensory package and Lora communication module respectively, and data acquisition is general Module, which is used to acquire the Geological Hazards Monitoring data that sensory package detects and Geological Hazards Monitoring data are transmitted to Lora, leads to Module is interrogated, Lora communication module is used for the transmission of Geological Hazards Monitoring data.

Further, intelligent terminal further include: lithium battery, lithium battery acquire general module with sensory package, data respectively It is electrically connected with Lora communication module.

Further, sensory package includes landslide monitoring sensor, mud-rock flow monitoring sensor and avalanche monitoring sensor.

Further, live main control unit includes: Lora gateway, and Lora gateway is connect with each Lora communication module, Lora gateway is used to receive the disaster monitoring data of Lora communication module transmission;Remote-terminal unit, remote-terminal unit with The connection of Lora gateway, remote-terminal unit are used to receive the disaster monitoring data of Lora gateway transmission;Remote communication module, remotely Communication module is connect with remote-terminal unit and cloud service platform respectively, and remote communication module from remote-terminal unit for that will connect The disaster monitoring data of receipts are transmitted to cloud service platform.

Further, remote communication module includes 4G communication module, GPRS communication module or Beidou terminal module.

Further, live main control unit further include: lightning-protection module, lightning-protection module are connect with remote-terminal unit, lightning protection Module is for preventing damage of the inductive lightning to remote-terminal unit, remote communication module and Lora gateway.

Further, live main control unit further include: Power Supply Assembly, Power Supply Assembly respectively with Lora gateway, remote terminal Unit, remote communication module are connected with lightning-protection module.

Further, Power Supply Assembly includes: solar panels, and solar panels are connect with lightning-protection module;Charge controller, charging Controller is connect with solar panels, remote-terminal unit and remote communication module respectively;Battery, battery and charge control Device connection;Power management module, power management module are connect with charge controller and Lora gateway respectively, and power management module is used In the voltage output mode of control charge controller.

Further, data double-way communication can be achieved between at least one intelligent terminal and live main control unit, scene is main It controls and data double-way communication can be achieved between unit and cloud service platform.

It applies the technical scheme of the present invention, when carrying out Geological Hazards Monitoring, by the way that Lora technology is introduced geological disaster In monitoring wireless network so that live main control unit by loraWAN respectively with the Lora communication module of each intelligent terminal It is connected, due to a kind of long haul communication technology that Lora technology is low-power consumption wide area network (LPWAN), in high-performance, long distance From, low-power consumption, low cost, support large-scale network-estabilishing, ranging and positioning etc. have the characteristics that protrusion, therefore can be greatly The real-time and reliability of Geological Hazards Monitoring are improved, whole day real-time monitoring for 24 hours is ensured, is provided in time, accurately for disaster alarm Effective foundation.

Detailed description of the invention

Included attached drawing is used to provide to be further understood from the embodiment of the present invention, and which constitute one of specification Point, for illustrating the embodiment of the present invention, and come together to illustrate the principle of the present invention with verbal description.It should be evident that below Attached drawing in description is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, is not paying creation Property labour under the premise of, be also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.

The structure that Fig. 1 shows the Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network provided according to a particular embodiment of the invention is shown It is intended to;

Fig. 2 shows the structural schematic diagrams of the live main control unit provided according to a particular embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 3 shows the structural schematic diagram of the Lora star topology network provided according to a particular embodiment of the invention.

Wherein, the above drawings include the following reference numerals:

10, intelligent terminal;11, Lora communication module;12, sensory package;13, data acquire general module;14, lithium electricity Pond;20, live main control unit;21, Lora gateway;22, remote-terminal unit;23, remote communication module;231,4G communicates mould Block;232, GPRS communication module;233, Beidou terminal module;24, lightning-protection module;25, Power Supply Assembly;30, cloud service platform.

Specific embodiment

Specific embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.In the following description, for solution Purpose and not restrictive is released, elaborates detail, to help to be apparent from the present invention.However, to those skilled in the art It is readily apparent that the present invention can also be practiced in the other embodiments departing from these details for member.

It should be noted that only showing in the accompanying drawings in order to avoid having obscured the present invention because of unnecessary details Gone out with closely related device structure and/or processing step according to the solution of the present invention, and be omitted with relationship of the present invention not Big other details.

As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sense network is provided according to a particular embodiment of the invention Network, the wireless sensor network include at least one intelligent terminal 10, live main control unit 20 and cloud service platform 30, wherein extremely A few intelligent terminal 10 includes that Lora communicates mould for acquiring simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring data, each intelligent terminal 10 Block 11, live main control unit 20 are connect with each Lora communication module 11 respectively by loraWAN, and live main control unit 20 is used for It receives and transmitting geological disaster monitoring data, cloud service platform 30 is connect with live main control unit 20, cloud service platform 30 is used for It receives, processing, store and analyze Geological Hazards Monitoring data.

Using such configuration mode, when carrying out Geological Hazards Monitoring, by the way that Lora technology is introduced Geological Hazards Monitoring In wireless network, so that live main control unit 20 passes through the loraWAN Lora communication module with each intelligent terminal 10 respectively 11 are connected, due to a kind of long haul communication technology that Lora technology is low-power consumption wide area network (LPWAN), in high-performance, far Distance, low-power consumption, low cost support large-scale network-estabilishing, and ranging and positioning etc. have the characteristics that protrusion, therefore can be very big Ground improves the real-time and reliability of Geological Hazards Monitoring, ensures whole day real-time monitoring for 24 hours, mentions in time, accurately for disaster alarm For effective foundation.Based on this, provided Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network is able to solve the prior art according to the present invention The technical problem that middle geological disaster wireless technology transmission range is short, stability is poor, power consumption is higher and networking capability is low.

It further, in the present invention, can as shown in Figure 1, acquisition and transmission in order to realize Geological Hazards Monitoring data It configures intelligent terminal 10 to further include sensory package 12 and data acquisition general module 13, wherein sensory package 12 is for examining Geological Hazards Monitoring data are surveyed, data acquisition general module 13 is connect with sensory package 12 and Lora communication module 11 respectively, number It is used to acquire Geological Hazards Monitoring data that sensory package 12 detects according to acquisition general module 13 and by Geological Hazards Monitoring number According to Lora communication module 11 is transmitted to, Lora communication module 11 is used for the transmission of Geological Hazards Monitoring data.

Using such configuration mode, it is connected by the way that sensory package 12 is acquired general module 13 with data, thus data Acquisition general module 13 can obtain the Geological Hazards Monitoring data that sensory package 12 detects, data acquire general module 13 with Lora communication module 11 connects, so that Lora communication module 11, which can be obtained, acquires the collected geology of general module 13 by data Disaster monitoring data, Lora communication module 11 is connected by loraWAN with live main control unit 20, thus live main control unit 20 can obtain by the collected Geological Hazards Monitoring data of Lora communication module 11, thus realize Geological Hazards Monitoring number According to acquisition and transmission.

In the present invention, in order to guarantee the normal work of 10 each section of intelligent terminal, intelligent terminal 10 can be configured to also Including lithium battery 14, lithium battery 14 is electrically connected with sensory package 12, data acquisition general module 13 and Lora communication module 11 respectively It connects, thus the normal work for the power supply of 10 each section of intelligent terminal to guarantee intelligent terminal 10.

Further, in the present invention, for convenience to the acquisitions in all directions of Geological Hazards Monitoring data with can be more Geological disaster grade is accurately assessed, sensory package 12 can be configured to include landslide monitoring sensor, mud-rock flow monitoring sensing Device and avalanche monitor sensor.

As a specific embodiment of the invention, landslide monitoring sensor includes deep displacement sensor, surface displacement Sensor, precipitation rain fall sensor, soil moisture content sensor, pore water pressure sensor etc..It includes rain that mud-rock flow, which monitors sensor, Quantity sensor, mud level sensor, flow sensor, soil moisture content sensor, infrasound sensor, sonic transducer etc..Avalanche Monitoring sensor includes precipitation rain fall sensor, surface displacement sensor, earth's surface inclination sensor, pressure sensor etc..

Further, effective transmission of data is realized for convenience, data can be acquired general module 13 and is configured to pass through RS485 is connected with sensory package 12, and Lora communication module 11 acquires general module 13 with data by serial ports and is connected.

In the present invention, in order to be efficiently received simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring data, live main control unit 20 can be matched It is set to including Lora gateway 21, remote-terminal unit 22 and remote communication module 23, wherein Lora gateway 21 and each Lora are logical Interrogate module 11 connect, Lora gateway 21 be used for receive Lora communication module 11 transmission disaster monitoring data, Lora gateway 21 with Remote-terminal unit 22 is connected by serial ports, and remote-terminal unit 22 is used to receive the disaster monitoring number of the transmission of Lora gateway 21 According to remote communication module 23 is connect with remote-terminal unit 22 and cloud service platform 30 respectively, and remote communication module 23 is used for will Cloud service platform 30 is transmitted to from the received disaster monitoring data of remote-terminal unit 22.

Using such configuration mode, since Lora gateway 21 is connect with each Lora communication module 11, Lora gateway 21 collect the Geological Hazards Monitoring data that are acquired by each Lora communication module 11, and then Lora gateway 21 is by acquired ground Matter disaster monitoring data are transferred to remote-terminal unit 22, core electricity of the remote-terminal unit 22 as live main control unit 20 Road, the Geological Hazards Monitoring data that can be will acquire are transferred to remote communication module 23, remote communication module 23 and cloud service Platform 30 connects, and therefore, remote communication module 23 will be transmitted to cloud clothes from the received disaster monitoring data of remote-terminal unit 22 Business platform 30, and acquired Geological Hazards Monitoring data are handled, stored and analyzed by cloud service platform 30.

Further, in the present invention, core circuit of the remote-terminal unit 22 as live main control unit 20, in addition to The effective transmission for being able to carry out data is outer, additionally it is possible to realize the functions such as working method switching, field data storage, onsite alarming.

Specifically, live main control unit 20 has multiple-working mode when carrying out data acquisition, including manually issues life Data are actively carried out in order progress data acquisition, certain time interval to report (for example, every two hour carries out a data acquisition And report) or threshold triggers data report (for example, when rainfall reaches certain value, i.e., progress data acquisition and report), scene Main control unit 20 can carry out the switching of multiple-working mode by remote-terminal unit 22.Furthermore remote-terminal unit 22 is also The function of can be realized onsite alarming, as a specific embodiment of the invention, when Geological Hazards Monitoring value reaches preset value When, for example, by sensory package detect sliding block deformation crack reach 1cm when, can be showed by remote-terminal unit 22 Field alarm.

Further, in the present invention, Lora gateway 21 can be used for receiving the ground uploaded by each Lora communication module 11 Matter disaster monitoring data, Lora gateway 21 are connected with remote-terminal unit 22 by serial ports.As shown in figure 3, as the present invention A specific embodiment, the Lora network architecture is a typical star topology, in this network architecture, Lora net Pass 21 is the relaying of a transparent transmission, and Lora gateway 21 is separately connected at least an intelligent terminal 10 and cloud service platform 30. Intelligent terminal 10 is communicated using single-hop with one or more Lora gateway 21, all nodes and Lora gateway of intelligent terminal 10 It is two-way communication between 21.Using such configuration mode, when realizing connection over long distances, intelligent terminal 10 and Lora gateway 21 can Information exchange is directly carried out, network complexity and energy loss are effectively reduced, extends battery life.

In the present invention, in order to realize the communication between live main control unit 20 and cloud service platform 30, will can remotely lead to Letter module 23 is configured to include 4G communication module 231, GPRS communication module 232 or Beidou terminal module 233.Using such configuration Mode when the monitoring data of the data acquisition acquisition sensory package 12 of general module 13 of intelligent terminal 10, and is communicated by Lora Data are reached Lora gateway 21 by LoraWAN network by module 11, and remote-terminal unit 22 is connect with Lora gateway 21, remotely Terminal unit 22 receive Lora gateway 21 transmit disaster monitoring data, remote-terminal unit 22 by 4G communication module 231, GPRS communication module 232 or Beidou terminal module 233 are connect with cloud service platform 30, and therefore, remote communication module 23 can will be from The received disaster monitoring data remote transmission of remote-terminal unit 22 is to cloud service platform 30.

It further, in the present invention, can be main by scene in order to improve the reliability and safety of live main control unit 20 Control unit 20 is configured to further include lightning-protection module 24, and lightning-protection module 24 is connect with remote-terminal unit 22, and lightning-protection module 24 is used for Prevent damage of the inductive lightning to remote-terminal unit 22, remote communication module 23 and Lora gateway 21.

In the present invention, in order to realize the normal work of live main control unit 20, live main control unit 20 can be configured to Further include Power Supply Assembly 25, Power Supply Assembly 25 respectively with Lora gateway 21, remote-terminal unit 22, remote communication module 23 and anti- Thunder module 24 connects.

Specifically, as a specific embodiment of the invention, in order to realize all parts to live main control unit 20 Power supply respectively, Power Supply Assembly 25 can be configured to include solar panels, charge controller, battery and power management module, Solar panels are connect with lightning-protection module 24, charge controller respectively with solar panels, remote-terminal unit 22 and telecommunication Module 23 connects, and battery is connect with charge controller, and power management module connects with charge controller and Lora gateway 21 respectively It connects, power management module is used to control the voltage output mode of charge controller.

Using such configuration mode, the voltage output mode of charge controller is controlled by battery management module, is charged For controller to control the charging of battery, such mode can be realized the power supply of all parts to live main control unit 20, lead to Crossing solar panels reduces cost for storage battery power supply so as to greatly reduce energy consumption

Further, in the present invention, in order to realize the reception to Geological Hazards Monitoring data, processing, storage and analysis, Acquisition and transmission mode can be controlled simultaneously, can configure at least one intelligent terminal 10 to can between live main control unit 20 It realizes data double-way communication, data double-way communication can be achieved between live main control unit 20 and cloud service platform 30.

Using such configuration mode, when data flow passes sequentially through at least one intelligent terminal 10, live main control unit 20 When with cloud service platform 30, live main control unit 20 can receive and transmit and acquired by each intelligent terminal 10 under such mode Geological Hazards Monitoring data, cloud service platform 30 is connect with live main control unit 20, so that cloud service platform 30 can receive, locate The Geological Hazards Monitoring data that reason, storage and analysis are transmitted by live main control unit 20.When data flow is reversed, cloud service is flat Platform 30 can send instructions down to live main control unit 20 comprising configuration-direct and operation operational order of system etc., for example, cloud Service platform 30 can send instructions down to live main control unit 20, can be with by the remote-terminal unit 22 of remote-terminal unit 20 Carry out the selection of operating mode.

Further understand to have to the present invention, it is wireless to Geological Hazards Monitoring of the invention below with reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 The workflow of sensing network is described in detail.

First, the sensory package 10 of intelligent terminal 10 detects Geological Hazards Monitoring data, and sensory package 12 and data acquire General module 13 is connected, and data acquisition general module 13 obtains the Geological Hazards Monitoring data that sensory package 12 detects.Number It is connect according to acquisition general module 13 with Lora communication module 11, so that Lora communication module 11, which is obtained, acquires general module by data 13 collected Geological Hazards Monitoring data, the Lora net that Lora communication module 11 passes through loraWAN and live main control unit 20 It closes 21 to be connected, Lora communication module 11 can send data to Lora gateway 21.In the process, each intelligent terminal 10 connects The instruction that live main control unit 20 issues is received, instruction is parsed and is executed.

Second, Lora gateway 21 collects the Geological Hazards Monitoring data acquired by each Lora communication module 11, then Acquired Geological Hazards Monitoring data are transferred to remote-terminal unit 22, remote-terminal unit by serial ports by Lora gateway 21 22 core circuit as live main control unit 20, the Geological Hazards Monitoring data that can be will acquire are transferred to telecommunication mould Block 23, remote communication module 23 are connect with cloud service platform 30, and remote-terminal unit 22 is logical by 4G communication module 231, GPRS Believe that Geological Hazards Monitoring data are reached cloud service platform 30 by module 232 or Beidou terminal module 233.In the process, master control Unit 20 receive cloud service platform under sends instructions, instruction is parsed and is executed, under send instructions to each intelligent terminal 10.

Third, cloud service platform 30 receive Geological Hazards Monitoring data, are handled, stored and are analyzed, and are geology calamity Evil early warning provides effective foundation.In the process, sent instructions under cloud service platform 30 to the remote-terminal unit of main control unit 20 22, which includes system configuration instruction and operation operational order etc..

In conclusion Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network of the invention is in terms of existing technologies, for the first time on ground Lora technology is introduced in matter disaster monitoring wireless sensor network, due to one kind that Lora technology is low-power consumption wide area network (LPWAN) Long haul communication technology supports large-scale network-estabilishing, the side such as ranging and positioning in high-performance, remote, low-power consumption, low cost Face has the characteristics that protrusion, therefore can greatly improve the real-time and reliability of Geological Hazards Monitoring, ensures that whole day is real for 24 hours When monitor, in time, accurate provide effective foundation for disaster alarm.

As above it describes for a kind of embodiment and/or the feature that shows can be in a manner of same or similar at one or more It is used in a number of other embodiments, and/or combines or substitute the feature in other embodiments with the feature in other embodiments It uses.

It should be emphasized that term "comprises/comprising" refers to the presence of feature, one integral piece, step or component when using herein, but simultaneously It is not excluded for the presence or additional of one or more other features, one integral piece, step, component or combinations thereof.

The many features and advantage of these embodiments are clear according to the detailed description, therefore appended claims are intended to Cover all these feature and advantage of these embodiments fallen into its true spirit and range.Further, since this field Technical staff is readily apparent that many modifications and changes, therefore is not meant to for the embodiment of the present invention to be limited to illustrated and description essence Really structurally and operationally, but all suitable modifications and the equivalent fallen within the scope of its can be covered.

Unspecified part of the present invention is known to the skilled person technology.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network, which is characterized in that the wireless sensor network includes:
At least one intelligent terminal (10), at least one described intelligent terminal (10) is for acquiring simultaneously transmitting geological disaster monitoring number According to each intelligent terminal (10) includes Lora communication module (11);
Live main control unit (20), the scene main control unit (20) communicate mould with each Lora respectively by loraWAN Block (11) connection, the scene main control unit (20) is for receiving and transmitting the Geological Hazards Monitoring data;
Cloud service platform (30), the cloud service platform (30) connect with the live main control unit (20), and the cloud service is flat Platform (30) is for receiving, handling, storing and analyzing the Geological Hazards Monitoring data.
2. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the intelligent terminal (10) Further include:
Sensory package (12), the sensory package (12) is for detecting the Geological Hazards Monitoring data;
Data acquire general module (13), data acquisition general module (13) respectively with the sensory package (12) and described Lora communication module (11) connection, data acquisition general module (13) is for acquiring what the sensory package (12) detected The Geological Hazards Monitoring data are simultaneously transmitted to the Lora communication module (11) by the Geological Hazards Monitoring data, described Lora communication module (11) is used for the transmission of the Geological Hazards Monitoring data.
3. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the intelligent terminal (10) Further include:
Lithium battery (14), the lithium battery (14) acquire general module (13) with the sensory package (12), the data respectively It is electrically connected with the Lora communication module (11).
4. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the sensory package (12) Sensor is monitored including landslide monitoring sensor, mud-rock flow monitoring sensor and avalanche.
5. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the scene main control unit (20) include:
Lora gateway (21), the Lora gateway (21) connect with each Lora communication module (11), the Lora gateway (21) for receiving the disaster monitoring data of Lora communication module (11) transmission;
Remote-terminal unit (22), the remote-terminal unit (22) connect with the Lora gateway (21), the remote terminal Unit (22) is used to receive the disaster monitoring data of Lora gateway (21) transmission;
Remote communication module (23), the remote communication module (23) take with the remote-terminal unit (22) and the cloud respectively Business platform (30) connection, the remote communication module (23) is used for will be from the received disaster of the remote-terminal unit (22) Monitoring data are transmitted to the cloud service platform (30).
6. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the remote communication module It (23) include 4G communication module (231), GPRS communication module (232) or Beidou terminal module (233).
7. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the scene main control unit (20) further include:
Lightning-protection module (24), the lightning-protection module (24) connect with the remote-terminal unit (22), the lightning-protection module (24) For preventing inductive lightning to the remote-terminal unit (22), the remote communication module (23) and the Lora gateway (21) Damage.
8. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the scene main control unit (20) further include:
Power Supply Assembly (25), the Power Supply Assembly (25) respectively with the Lora gateway (21), the remote-terminal unit (22), The remote communication module (23) and the lightning-protection module (24) connection.
9. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the Power Supply Assembly (25) Include:
Solar panels, the solar panels are connect with the lightning-protection module;
Charge controller, the charge controller respectively with the solar panels, the remote-terminal unit (22) and described Remote communication module (23) connection;
Battery, the battery are connect with the charge controller;
Power management module, the power management module are connect with the charge controller and the Lora gateway (21) respectively, The power management module is used to control the voltage output mode of the charge controller.
10. Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network according to claim 1, which is characterized in that at least one described intelligence Can be achieved data double-way communication between terminal (10) and the live main control unit (20), the scene main control unit (20) and Data double-way communication can be achieved between the cloud service platform (30).
CN201710857428.1A 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 Geological Hazards Monitoring wireless sensor network CN109544884A (en)

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CN110211339A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-09-06 昆明铁路局集团科学技术研究所 A kind of intelligent prewarning monitoring system and method for taking precautions against natural calamities based on cloud platform

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