CN109539584A - A kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109539584A
CN109539584A CN201811226590.4A CN201811226590A CN109539584A CN 109539584 A CN109539584 A CN 109539584A CN 201811226590 A CN201811226590 A CN 201811226590A CN 109539584 A CN109539584 A CN 109539584A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat collector
shell
plate
sleeve
cylinder
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811226590.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴建中
刘建设
郑西良
Original Assignee
西安猎光新能源科技有限公司
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Application filed by 西安猎光新能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 西安猎光新能源科技有限公司
Priority to CN201811226590.4A priority Critical patent/CN109539584A/en
Publication of CN109539584A publication Critical patent/CN109539584A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H3/00Air heaters having heat generating means
    • F24H3/02Air heaters having heat generating means with forced circulation
    • F24H3/06Air heaters having heat generating means with forced circulation the air being kept separate from the heating medium, e.g. using forced circulation of air over radiators
    • F24H3/08Air heaters having heat generating means with forced circulation the air being kept separate from the heating medium, e.g. using forced circulation of air over radiators by tubes
    • F24H3/087Air heaters having heat generating means with forced circulation the air being kept separate from the heating medium, e.g. using forced circulation of air over radiators by tubes using fluid combustibles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L15/00Heating of air supplied for combustion
    • F23L15/04Arrangements of recuperators
    • F23L15/045Arrangements of recuperators using intermediate heat-transfer fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1854Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for air heaters
    • F24H9/1881Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for air heaters fluid combustible heating means

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of new energy utilization, and in particular to a kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector.It, which can be realized, realizes solar power generation when sunlight meets power generation conditions, the device of fuel gas generation is utilized when no sunlight utilizes.Technical solution of the present invention includes bottom plate, heat collector shell is covered on the bottom plate, built-in regenerator shell, cold air channel, thermal exhaust channel, internal heat exchanger and heat collector inner sleeve are successively arranged in the heat collector shell, the bottom plate top in heat collector inner sleeve is provided with regenerator and cylinder;Heat collector is arranged in the heat collector shell top, heat collector bottom seal, combustion chamber is formed at the bottom of heat collector and the top of heat collector inner sleeve, finned heating tube is additionally provided in heat collector inner sleeve, one end of the finned heating tube and the cold end of cylinder connect, the bottom of the connection of the hot end of the other end and cylinder, the bottom plate is connect by cylinder block with Stirling engine shell.

Description

A kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of new energy utilization, and in particular to a kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector.

Background technique

With the fast development of Chinese economy, the pressure of environmental problem is more and more serious.The utilization of clean energy resource is by state The very big attention of family, solar energy generation technology rapid development, technical maturity are continuously improved.Solar energy generation technology has formed butterfly Formula solar energy Stirling generation technology, tower type solar generation technology and trough solar power generation technology etc..Solar energy provides Nexhaustible clean energy resource, but there are also objective conditionalities, such as: it is not available at night without the sun and by day The influence of gas variation prevents it from continuously generating electricity, and causes to directly affect solar energy generation technology to unfavorable factors such as power grid impacts Development.

Stirling engine is a kind of small-sized, efficient heat engine, it can get in disc type solar energy electricity generation system Up to 30% generating efficiency;It can also be generated electricity using combustion gas as the energy, but due to the particularity of Stirling engine, be used Thermal-arrest heating device in disc type solar energy electricity generation system and gas power generation system is entirely different, leads to both purposes this Special woods machine cannot be general.Therefore, the thermal-arrest heating device that a kind of solar energy and combustion gas can be general is designed, just becomes and realizes too The key of positive energy phosgene complemental power-generation.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector, it can realize that sunlight meets Solar power generation is realized when power generation conditions, and the device of fuel gas generation is utilized when no sunlight utilizes.

In order to solve the problems existing in the prior art, the technical scheme is that a kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating Heat collector, it is characterised in that: including bottom plate, be covered with heat collector shell on the bottom plate, in the heat collector shell according to It is secondary to be arranged with built-in regenerator shell, cold air channel, internal heat exchanger and heat collector inner sleeve, cold air channel and interior Setting is thermal exhaust channel between formula heat exchanger, and the bottom plate top in the heat collector inner sleeve is provided with regenerator and cylinder; The top of the heat collector shell is provided with the thermal insulation board of broadening formation outward, and the bell-mouthed top of thermal insulation board is provided with dish stand Reflecting mirror is closed, and bell-mouthed middle part is provided with quartz glass, is provided on the inner wall of the thermal insulation board of quartz glass lower end Cold air nozzle, cold air nozzle are connect by cold air pipe with cold air channel, and the bottom seal of the thermal insulation board is heat-insulated Combustion chamber is formed at the bottom of plate and the top of heat collector inner sleeve, is provided with combustion gas mixing ignition burner on four peripheral walls of combustion chamber, Combustion gas mixing ignition burner is connect by gas-air compound tube with thermal exhaust channel, is additionally provided in the heat collector inner sleeve Finned heating tube, one end of the finned heating tube and the cold end of cylinder connect, and the hot end of the other end and cylinder connects, The bottom of the bottom plate is connect by cylinder block with Stirling engine shell.

The heat collector shell is cylindrical shell, and bottom surrounding is connect by screw two with bottom plate.

The finned heating tube annular is laid in heat collector shell, and is provided with 4.

Compared with prior art, advantages of the present invention is as follows:

Gas combustion chamber of the present invention and heating region are integral type direct coupled structure, therefore can complete solar energy and combustion gas and can mix Thermal-arrest heating function, and radiant heat energy that is compact-sized, being effectively utilized combustion gas, improve the thermal efficiency;

Several finned heating tubes being circular layout of the invention ensure that the absorption of solar radiation thermal energy increases convection current again Heat exchange area improves utilization efficiency of heat energy.Internal heat exchanger is using the hot combustion gas of discharge to the cold sky for entering heat collector cavity Gas is heated in advance, is improved air themperature before burning, is reduced fuel gas exhaust temperature, effectively increase system thermal efficiency;

The present invention, which can efficiently use solar energy and combustion gas, can mix complemental power-generation, so that Stirling electricity generation system has 24 hours The ability continuously to generate electricity has widened the utilization ways of clean energy resource.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;

In figure, 1- screw one, 2- regenerator, 3- mounting base, 4- cylinder jacket, the finned heating tube of 5-, the igniting of 6- combustion gas mixing Nozzle, 7- cold air nozzle, 8- thermal insulation board, 9- quartz glass, 10- combustion gas, air compound tube, 11- cold air pipe, 12- burning Room, 13- heat dump, 14- heat collector shell, 15- screw two, 16- internal heat exchanger, 17- cylinder block, in 18- heat collector Set, 19- screw three, 20- screw four, the built-in regenerator shell of 21-, M- cold air channel, N- thermal exhaust channel, 22- Si are special Woods motor body.

Specific embodiment

In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.

A kind of solar energy of the present invention and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector (referring to Fig. 1), including bottom plate 3, on the bottom plate 3 Be covered with heat collector shell 14, heat collector shell 14 is connect by screw 2 15 with bottom plate 3, the heat collector shell 14 it is interior according to It is secondary to be arranged with built-in regenerator shell 21, cold air channel M, internal heat exchanger 16 and heat collector inner sleeve 18, cold air It is thermal exhaust channel N between channel M and internal heat exchanger 16,3 top of the bottom plate setting in the heat collector inner sleeve 18 There are regenerator 2 and cylinder 4;The top of the heat collector shell 14 is provided with the thermal insulation board 8 of broadening formation outward, thermal insulation board 8 Bell-mouthed top is provided with dish stand reflecting mirror and is closed, and bell-mouthed middle part is provided with quartz glass 9, under quartz glass 9 Cold air nozzle 7 is provided on the inner wall of the thermal insulation board 8 at end, cold air nozzle 7 is connected by cold air pipe 11 and cold air channel M It connects, the bottom seal of the thermal insulation board 8, combustion chamber 12, burning are formed at the bottom of thermal insulation board 8 and the top of heat collector inner sleeve 18 Be provided with combustion gas mixing ignition burner 6 on four peripheral walls of room 12, combustion gas mixing ignition burner 6 by gas-air compound tube 10 with The N connection of thermal exhaust channel is additionally provided with finned heating tube 5, the finned heating tube 5 in the heat collector inner sleeve 18 One end connect with the cold end of cylinder 4, the other end is connect with the hot end of cylinder 4, and the bottom of the bottom plate 3 passes through cylinder block 17 It is connect with Stirling engine shell 22.

Above-mentioned 5 annular of finned heating tube is laid in heat collector shell 14, and is provided with 4.

Cylinder 14, cylinder block 17 and Stirling engine shell 22 form Moslem's engine.

The built-in regenerator shell 21 of ring-plate is provided between above-mentioned heat collector shell 14 and heat collector inner sleeve 18.

Combustion chamber 12 of the present invention can be used as the use of sunlight heat collector cavity;

Cold air channel M and thermal exhaust channel N, the top of cold air channel M are formed inside internal heat exchanger 16 of the present invention It is connect with cold air pipe 11, the N import of thermal exhaust area is communicated with heat collector exhaust outlet, and cold air and hot combustion gas exhaust are at built-in time Heat convection is formed in hot device, heat exchange is completed, achievees the purpose that the recycling of thermal energy, improves the heat utilization effect of system Rate.

The present invention increases heat exchange area using finned heating tube 5, improves heat exchange efficiency;

Convection current is carried out with the hot combustion gas of discharge in order to improve to set in regenerator inside before system effectiveness cold air enters combustion chamber Heat is given, thermal energy is made to be fully used, the channel M is cold air, and N channel is the hot combustion gas of combustion chamber discharge.

The course of work of the invention:

Working method of the invention: under conditions of solar irradiation meets and generates electricity, gas burning system stops working the present invention.Use the sun Energy dish stand reflecting mirror provides the sunlight focused and heats the gas working medium in finned heating tube 5, pushes Stirling engine fortune It is dynamic, and electrical power generators are driven, under conditions of solar irradiation is not able to satisfy power generation, start gas burning system, 4 groups of combustion gas, air Combustion gas and air are passed through mixed firing nozzle 6 according to certain pressure by compound tube 10, and according to a certain percentage and jet angle Combustion gas, air are sprayed into combustion chamber, are completed at the same time the igniting for mixing combustion gas, vitreosil glass plate 9 is fixed on combustion chamber 12 Top, it is therefore an objective to guarantee that the sunlight of dish stand reflecting mirror reflection is projected into heat collector, while prevent the indoor hot-air that burns Leakage.In order to guarantee the translucency of quartz glass plate 9, by 4 cold air pipes 11 and cold air nozzle 7 to 12 top of combustion chamber A certain amount of cold air is sprayed, quartz glass carbon distribution is prevented, provides mixing to heat collector combustion chamber by combustion gas, air compound tube Combustion gas mixes combustion gas and is lighted a fire by ignition burner 8, burns in the combustion chamber, heats air and therewith further mixing, after mixing High-temperature fuel gas heating heating tube 7 in gas working medium, push Stirling engine movement, and drive electrical power generators.

The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector, it is characterised in that: including bottom plate (3), the bottom plate (3) upper cover Equipped with heat collector shell (14), built-in regenerator shell (21), cold sky are successively arranged in the heat collector shell (14) Gas channel (M), internal heat exchanger (16) and heat collector inner sleeve (18), cold air channel (M) and internal heat exchanger (16) be between thermal exhaust channel (N), bottom plate (3) top in the heat collector inner sleeve (18) be provided with regenerator (2) and Cylinder (4);The top of the heat collector shell (14) is provided with the thermal insulation board (8) of broadening formation, the loudspeaker of thermal insulation board (8) outward The top of mouth is provided with dish stand reflecting mirror and is closed, and bell-mouthed middle part is provided with quartz glass (9), under quartz glass (9) It is provided with cold air nozzle (7) on the inner wall of the thermal insulation board (8) at end, cold air nozzle (7) passes through cold air pipe (11) and cold sky Gas channel (M) connection, the bottom seal of the thermal insulation board (8), the bottom of thermal insulation board (8) and the top of heat collector inner sleeve (18) It is formed combustion chamber (12), is provided with combustion gas mixing ignition burner (6), combustion gas mixing ignition burner on four peripheral walls of combustion chamber (12) (6) it is connect by gas-air compound tube (10) with thermal exhaust channel (N), is additionally provided with wing in the heat collector inner sleeve (18) One end of heating sheet type pipe (5), the finned heating tube (5) is connect with the cold end of cylinder (4), the other end and cylinder (4) Hot end connection, the bottom of the bottom plate (3) is connect by cylinder block (17) with Stirling engine shell (22).
2. a kind of solar energy according to claim 1 and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector, it is characterised in that: the thermal-arrest Device shell (14) is cylindrical shell, and bottom surrounding is connect by screw two (15) with bottom plate (3).
3. a kind of solar energy according to claim 1 or 2 and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector, it is characterised in that: described Finned heating tube (5) annular is laid in heat collector shell (14), and is provided with 4.
CN201811226590.4A 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 A kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector CN109539584A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811226590.4A CN109539584A (en) 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 A kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811226590.4A CN109539584A (en) 2018-10-22 2018-10-22 A kind of solar energy and fuel Hybrid Heating heat collector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2597893Y (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-01-07 中国科学院电工研究所 Solar energy-gas mixed heat absorber
CN102128149A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-07-20 上海齐耀动力技术有限公司 Phosgene-complementary disc-type sterling solar power generation device
CN102162433A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-24 浙江大学 Solar heat-storage power generating method with gas afterburning function and device thereof
CN202281410U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-06-20 西安航空动力股份有限公司 Heat collector of disc type solar power generation device
CN202659431U (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-01-09 南京航空航天大学 Solar energy-fuel gas complementary type generating device
CN102944027A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-27 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Gas combustion chamber for Stirling engine
EP3372833A1 (en) * 2017-03-09 2018-09-12 Ripasso Energy AB Hybrid solar powered stirling engine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2597893Y (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-01-07 中国科学院电工研究所 Solar energy-gas mixed heat absorber
CN102128149A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-07-20 上海齐耀动力技术有限公司 Phosgene-complementary disc-type sterling solar power generation device
CN102162433A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-24 浙江大学 Solar heat-storage power generating method with gas afterburning function and device thereof
CN202281410U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-06-20 西安航空动力股份有限公司 Heat collector of disc type solar power generation device
CN202659431U (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-01-09 南京航空航天大学 Solar energy-fuel gas complementary type generating device
CN102944027A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-02-27 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Gas combustion chamber for Stirling engine
EP3372833A1 (en) * 2017-03-09 2018-09-12 Ripasso Energy AB Hybrid solar powered stirling engine

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