CN109538063B - Prefabricated bay window installation method, prefabricated bay window and house building - Google Patents

Prefabricated bay window installation method, prefabricated bay window and house building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109538063B
CN109538063B CN201811187562.6A CN201811187562A CN109538063B CN 109538063 B CN109538063 B CN 109538063B CN 201811187562 A CN201811187562 A CN 201811187562A CN 109538063 B CN109538063 B CN 109538063B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bay window
prefabricated bay
plate
layer
prefabricated
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CN201811187562.6A
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CN109538063A (en
Inventor
李恒通
其他发明人请求不公开姓名
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Guangdong Ruizhu residential technology Co.,Ltd.
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Guangdong Remac Equipment Information Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811187562.6A priority Critical patent/CN109538063B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/56Fastening frames to the border of openings or to similar contiguous frames
    • E06B1/60Fastening frames to the border of openings or to similar contiguous frames by mechanical means, e.g. anchoring means
    • E06B1/6015Anchoring means
    • E06B1/6038Anchoring means specially adapted for being embedded in the wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B1/00Border constructions of openings in walls, floors, or ceilings; Frames to be rigidly mounted in such openings
    • E06B1/04Frames for doors, windows, or the like to be fixed in openings
    • E06B1/34Coverings, e.g. protecting against weather, for decorative purposes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/28Other arrangements on doors or windows, e.g. door-plates, windows adapted to carry plants, hooks for window cleaners

Abstract

The invention relates to an installation method of a prefabricated bay window, the prefabricated bay window and a house building, wherein the installation method comprises the following steps: after the lower prefabricated bay window is installed, respectively installing two side plates of the lower prefabricated bay window in an aligned mode on the two side plates of the lower prefabricated bay window; supporting and fixing the layer of prefabricated bay window by a supporting device; binding the reserved connecting steel bars at the bottom end of the prefabricated bay window with the reversed beam steel bars of the layer together and pouring concrete to form reversed beams; binding reserved connecting steel bars at the top end of the prefabricated bay window with the beam steel bars of the layer together and forming a beam by adopting concrete pouring; and after the beam and the reverse beam are both poured and formed, removing the supporting device. According to the installation method of the prefabricated bay window, the support piece is supported below the plate surface of the embedded rigid plate in an abutting mode, the embedded rigid plate and the support piece cannot deform, and therefore the higher installation flatness of the prefabricated bay window can be guaranteed.

Description

Prefabricated bay window installation method, prefabricated bay window and house building
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of house buildings, in particular to an installation method of a prefabricated bay window, the prefabricated bay window and a house building.
Background
The prefabricated bay window is a prefabricated component in an assembly type building, is prefabricated in a factory and is assembled on a construction site. Traditional prefabricated bay window structure is various, but either will float window and outer wall an organic whole prefabrication, or will float window piecemeal prefabrication, on the piece is installed on reserving the entrance to a cave to the subdivision. For high-rise buildings, generally, prefabricated bay windows are arranged in bedrooms or living rooms of all floors, and when the adopted prefabricated bay windows and an outer wall are integrally prefabricated, the method generally comprises the following steps: after the lower prefabricated bay window is hoisted and is safely connected with the lower cast-in-place shear wall, the column, the beam and the plate, wood battens with the thickness of 20mm are placed at the top of the lower prefabricated bay window or leveling cement mortar with the thickness of 20mm is smeared on the top of the lower prefabricated bay window; then hoisting the layer of prefabricated bay window to be right above the corresponding lower layer of prefabricated bay window, and vertically positioning the prefabricated bay window on the leveling mortar; and then, erecting temporary supports on the top plate embedded sleeves of the prefabricated bay window of the floor to form construction temporary connection between the components and the floor of the floor, and then casting the reserved steel bars of the prefabricated bay window of the floor and the main structure together in a cast-in-place mode. However, the installation flatness of the prefabricated bay window is poor.
Disclosure of Invention
Accordingly, there is a need to overcome the defects in the prior art and to provide a method for installing a prefabricated bay window, a prefabricated bay window and a building construction, which can improve the installation flatness of the prefabricated bay window.
The technical scheme is as follows: a method for installing a prefabricated bay window comprises the following steps:
after the lower-layer prefabricated bay window is installed, respectively installing two side plates of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window on the two side plates of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window in an aligned mode, wherein a pre-embedded rigid plate is arranged on the bottom surface of each side plate of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window, a supporting piece corresponding to the pre-embedded rigid plate is arranged on the top surface of each side plate of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window, and the supporting piece is in abutting fit with the plate surface of the pre-embedded rigid plate;
providing a supporting device, and supporting and fixing the layer of prefabricated bay window by the supporting device;
binding the reserved connecting steel bars at the bottom end of the layer of prefabricated bay window with the reversed beam steel bars of the layer and pouring concrete to form reversed beams;
binding reserved connecting steel bars at the top end of the layer of prefabricated bay window with the beam steel bars of the layer together and forming a beam by adopting concrete pouring;
and after the beam and the reversed beam are both poured and molded, dismantling the supporting device.
According to the installation method of the prefabricated bay window, wood battens with the thickness of 20mm or leveling cement mortar with the thickness of 20mm does not need to be placed at the top of the lower prefabricated bay window or is smeared, but the support piece is supported below the plate surface of the embedded rigid plate in an abutting mode, the embedded rigid plate and the support piece cannot deform, and therefore the higher installation flatness of the prefabricated bay window can be guaranteed.
In one embodiment, the support is a height adjustable support; the step of removing the support device further comprises the following steps: and adjusting the height of the supporting piece to separate the supporting piece from the board surface of the embedded rigid board.
In one embodiment, the supporting member is a first bolt, a first bolt sleeve matched with the first bolt is embedded in the top surface of the side plate of the lower prefabricated bay window, and the first bolt is arranged in the first bolt sleeve.
In one embodiment, the number of the supporting pieces is multiple, the number of the embedded rigid plates is multiple, and the supporting pieces and the embedded rigid plates are arranged correspondingly one by one.
In one embodiment, in the process of respectively installing the two side plates of the prefabricated bay window on the current floor in an aligned manner, the top surface elevations of the supporting members are all located on the same horizontal plane, and the bottom surface elevations of the embedded rigid plates are all located on the same horizontal plane.
In one embodiment, the supporting device is a length-adjustable supporting rod, a second bolt sleeve is reserved on the bottom surface of a top plate of the layer of prefabricated bay window, and a third bolt sleeve is reserved on the surface of the floor slab of the layer of structure; fixing one end of a length-adjustable support rod on the bottom surface of the top plate of the prefabricated bay window of the layer, and fixing the prefabricated bay window of the layer by using the support device, wherein the support device comprises the following steps: one end of the length-adjustable supporting rod is fixedly connected with a second bolt sleeve through a second bolt, and the other end of the length-adjustable supporting rod is fixedly connected with a third bolt sleeve through a third bolt; and controlling the included angle of the adjustable length supporting rod relative to the floor slab of the structure of the layer to be 45-60 degrees.
A prefabricated bay window comprising: the top plate and the bottom plate are arranged in parallel at intervals, the same end of the top plate and the same end of the bottom plate are both connected with one side plate, and the other ends of the top plate and the bottom plate are both connected with the other side plate; one end face of the side plate is provided with a supporting piece, and the other end face of the side plate is provided with a pre-embedded rigid plate corresponding to the supporting piece; and connecting steel bars are pre-embedded in the top plate and the bottom plate.
The technical effect of the prefabricated bay window is the same as that of the installation method of the prefabricated bay window, and the detailed description is omitted.
In one embodiment, the embedded rigid plates and the supporting pieces are multiple, and the embedded rigid plates and the supporting pieces are arranged correspondingly one by one.
In one embodiment, a first bolt sleeve is embedded in one end face of each side plate, and the supporting piece is a first bolt matched with the first bolt sleeve.
A building construction comprising: the prefabricated bay windows are sequentially arranged from bottom to top; a gap is arranged between each two adjacent prefabricated bay windows, a side plate of one prefabricated bay window and a side plate of the other prefabricated bay window, connecting steel bars reserved at the bottom ends of the prefabricated bay windows are bound with inverted beam steel bars of the layer where the prefabricated bay windows are located, and concrete is poured to form inverted beams; and the top end of the prefabricated bay window is reserved with connecting steel bars, bound with beam steel bars on the layer where the prefabricated bay window is located, and poured by adopting concrete to form a beam.
Foretell housing construction, this layer of prefabricated window that wafts gravity can not transmit the lower floor through support piece and prefabricate on the window that wafts to also can avoid this layer of prefabricated window component that wafts of each layer below the window that wafts to receive too big pressure and be impaired.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural diagram of a prefabricated bay window according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view at A in FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a prefabricated bay window according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
10. the prefabricated window that wafts of lower floor, 11, the prefabricated window curb plate that wafts of lower floor, 12, support piece, 13, first bolt sleeve, 20, this layer of prefabricated window that wafts, 21, this layer of prefabricated window curb plate that wafts, 22, pre-buried rigid plate, 23, connecting reinforcement, 24, roof, 25, second bolt sleeve, 26, fourth bolt sleeve, 30, anti-roof beam, 40, roof beam, 50, strutting arrangement, 60, this layer of structure floor, 61, third bolt sleeve, 70, the prefabricated window that wafts, 71, roof, 72, bottom plate, 73, curb plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "first", "second" and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implying any number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that when an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present. In contrast, when an element is referred to as being "directly connected" to another element, there are no intervening elements present.
Generally, the horizontal flatness of the prefabricated bay window is difficult to guarantee due to the fact that the dimension error and the deformation of the batten self-made and the construction error and the deformation of the cement mortar smearing thickness exist.
In one embodiment, referring to fig. 1 and 2, a method for installing a prefabricated bay window includes the following steps:
step S100, after the lower prefabricated bay window 10 is installed, respectively installing two side plates 21 of the current layer of prefabricated bay window 20 on two lower prefabricated bay window side plates 11 of the lower prefabricated bay window 10 in an aligned mode, wherein a pre-embedded rigid plate 22 is arranged on the bottom surface of the current layer of prefabricated bay window side plate 21 of the current layer of prefabricated bay window 20, a support piece 12 corresponding to the pre-embedded rigid plate 22 is arranged on the top surface of the lower prefabricated bay window side plate 11 of the lower prefabricated bay window 10, and the support piece 12 is in abutting fit with the plate surface of the pre-embedded rigid plate 22;
the embedded rigid plate 22 is specifically an embedded steel plate, an embedded copper plate, an embedded iron plate, an embedded aluminum plate, or the like.
Step S200, providing a supporting device 50, and supporting and fixing the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 by the supporting device 50; thus, the supporting device 50 can prevent the prefabricated floating window from generating displacement in the subsequent cast concrete vibrating process.
Step S300, binding the reserved connecting steel bars 23 at the bottom end of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 and the inverted beam steel bars of the layer together, and pouring concrete to form an inverted beam 30;
step S400, binding the reserved connecting steel bars 23 at the top end of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 and the beam steel bars of the layer together, and pouring concrete to form a beam 40;
step S500, after the beam 40 and the inverted beam 30 are both cast, the supporting device 50 is removed.
According to the installation method of the prefabricated bay window, wood battens with the thickness of 20mm or leveling cement mortar with the thickness of 20mm does not need to be placed on the top of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window 10 or is not smeared, but the support piece 12 is supported below the plate surface of the embedded rigid plate 22 in an abutting mode, the embedded rigid plate 22 and the support piece 12 cannot deform, and therefore the higher installation flatness of the prefabricated bay window can be guaranteed.
Generally, the battens and the applied cement mortar cannot be removed after construction, so that the self weight of the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 is transmitted to the lower layer of prefabricated bay window 10 through the battens or the mortar, and each layer of prefabricated bay window components below the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 are damaged due to excessive pressure. In one embodiment, the support 12 is a height adjustable support 12; the step of removing the support means 50 further comprises the steps of: and adjusting the height of the support piece 12 to separate the support piece 12 from the plate surface of the embedded rigid plate 22. Therefore, for example, after the height of the supporting member 12 is reduced, the supporting member 12 can be separated from the surface of the embedded rigid plate 22, the supporting member 12 does not provide a supporting force for the embedded rigid plate 22, that is, the gravity of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 cannot be transmitted to the lower layer of the prefabricated bay window 10 through the supporting member 12, and thus, the prefabricated bay window members of each layer below the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 can be prevented from being damaged due to too much pressure.
Further, the supporting member 12 is a first bolt, and a first bolt sleeve 13 matched with the first bolt is embedded in the top surface of the lower prefabricated bay window side plate 11 of the lower prefabricated bay window 10. The first bolt is arranged in the first bolt sleeve 13. Thus, the height position of the supporting member 12 can be adjusted by rotating the supporting member 12, and the operation is convenient.
In one embodiment, the number of the supporting members 12 is multiple, the number of the pre-buried rigid plates 22 is multiple, and the supporting members 12 and the pre-buried rigid plates 22 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner. So, adopt a plurality of support piece 12 to support this layer of prefabricated window 20 that wafts, can guarantee this layer of prefabricated stability of installing of window 20 that wafts, can improve the installation roughness of this layer of prefabricated window 20 that wafts simultaneously. Specifically, the bottom surfaces of two present layers of prefabricated window side plates 21 of the present layer of prefabricated bay window 20 are both provided with two embedded rigid plates 22, and the top surfaces of two side plates 11 of the lower layer of prefabricated bay window 10 are both provided with two supporting members 12. The four embedded rigid plates 22 are synchronously supported by the four supporting pieces 12, so that the stability is good and the flatness is high.
In one embodiment, in the process of installing the two side plates 21 of the prefabricated bay window 20 of the floor on the two side plates 11 of the prefabricated bay window 10 of the lower floor in alignment respectively, the top surface elevations of the supporting members 12 are all at the same horizontal plane, and the bottom surface elevations of the embedded rigid plates 22 are all at the same horizontal plane. So, can guarantee this layer of prefabricated stability of installing of window 20 that wafts, can improve this layer of prefabricated installation roughness of window 20 that wafts simultaneously. More specifically, support piece 12 is the first bolt, will two this layer prefabricated bay window curb plates 21 of this layer prefabricated bay window 20 are installed counterpointing respectively on two lower floor prefabricated bay window curb plates 11 of lower floor prefabricated bay window 10, adjust the height of each support piece 12 and be 20mm for the top surface elevation of each support piece 12 all is in same horizontal plane.
Specifically, the supporting device 50 is a supporting rod with adjustable length, and the step of supporting and fixing the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 by the supporting device 50 includes the steps of: one end of the length-adjustable support rod is fixed on the bottom surface of the top plate 24 of the layer of prefabricated bay window 20, and the other end of the length-adjustable support rod is fixed on the layer of structural floor slab 60 below the layer of reversed beam 30.
In one embodiment, a second bolt sleeve 25 is reserved on the bottom surface of the top plate 24 of the layer of prefabricated bay windows 20. A third bolt sleeve 61 is reserved on the surface of the floor slab 60 with the structure. The concrete method of fixing one end of the length-adjustable support rod on the bottom surface of the top plate 24 of the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 and fixing the other end of the length-adjustable support rod on the layer of structural floor slab 60 below the layer of inverted beam 30 is as follows: one end of the length-adjustable supporting rod is fixedly connected with a second bolt sleeve 25 through a second bolt, and the other end of the length-adjustable supporting rod is fixedly connected with a third bolt sleeve 61 through a third bolt; and controlling the included angle of the adjustable length supporting rod relative to the floor 60 of the structure of the floor to be 45-60 degrees.
In one embodiment, before the step of installing the two prefabricated bay window side plates 21 of the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 on the two prefabricated bay window side plates 11 of the lower layer of prefabricated bay window 10 in alignment respectively, the method further comprises the following steps:
checking the position accuracy of first bolt sleeves 13 pre-embedded on the top surfaces of two lower prefabricated bay window side plates 11 of the lower prefabricated bay window 10, and reworking the lower prefabricated bay window 10 of which the position accuracy of the first bolt sleeves 13 does not meet the requirement;
for example, measuring the central line position of the first bolt in the longitudinal and transverse directions by using a ruler, taking the larger value of the offset between the longitudinal coordinate of the central line of the first bolt and the preset longitudinal coordinate and the offset between the transverse coordinate of the central line of the first bolt and the preset transverse coordinate, judging whether the larger value exceeds 2mm, and judging that the larger value exceeds 2mm as unqualified; measuring the exposed length of the first bolt by using a ruler, judging whether the deviation of the exposed length of the first bolt and the preset exposed length exceeds-5 mm-0 mm, and if so, determining that the first bolt does not meet the requirement;
the position accuracy and the levelness of the embedded rigid plates 22 on the bottom surfaces of the two prefabricated bay window side plates 21 of the prefabricated bay window 20 of the layer are checked, and the reworking treatment of the prefabricated bay window 20 of the layer, wherein the position accuracy and the levelness of the embedded rigid plates 22 are not in accordance with requirements, is carried out.
For example, the larger value of the offset between the longitudinal coordinate of the center line of the embedded rigid plate 22 and the preset longitudinal coordinate of the embedded rigid plate 22 and the offset between the transverse coordinate of the center line of the embedded rigid plate 22 and the preset transverse coordinate of the embedded rigid plate 22 is taken, whether the larger value exceeds 2mm is judged, and the larger value exceeding 2mm is considered as being not qualified;
then, for example, the wedge-shaped clearance gauge is used to measure the maximum clearance between the plane of the pre-embedded rigid plate 22 and the concrete plane of the side plate 21 of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20, and the height difference error range between the plane of the pre-embedded rigid plate 22 and the concrete plane of the side plate 21 of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 is required to be-2 mm to 0mm, so that the four pre-embedded rigid plates 22 can be ensured to be positioned on the same horizontal plane.
In one embodiment, a method of installing a prefabricated bay window includes the steps of:
after the lower prefabricated bay window 10 is installed, respectively installing two side plates 21 of the current layer of prefabricated bay window 20 on two lower prefabricated bay window side plates 11 of the lower prefabricated bay window 10 in an aligned manner, wherein a support member 12 is arranged on the bottom surface of the current layer of prefabricated bay window side plate 21 of the current layer of prefabricated bay window 20, an embedded rigid plate 22 corresponding to the support member 12 is arranged on the top surface of the lower layer of prefabricated bay window side plate 11 of the lower prefabricated bay window 10, and the support member 12 is in abutting fit with the surface of the embedded rigid plate 22;
providing a supporting device 50, and supporting and fixing the layer of prefabricated bay window 20 by the supporting device 50;
thus, the supporting device 50 can prevent the prefabricated floating window from generating displacement in the subsequent cast concrete vibrating process.
Binding the reserved connecting steel bars 23 at the bottom end of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 and the reversed beam steel bars of the layer together and pouring concrete to form a reversed beam 30;
binding the reserved connecting steel bars 23 at the top end of the layer of the prefabricated bay window 20 with the beam steel bars of the layer and pouring concrete to form a beam 40;
and after the beam 40 and the inverse beam 30 are both cast, removing the supporting device 50.
The difference between the installation method of the prefabricated bay window and the installation method of the prefabricated bay window is that the arrangement positions of the supporting piece and the pre-buried rigid plate 22 are different, and the rest can be designed similarly, which is not described again. The installation method of the prefabricated bay window has the same beneficial effects as the installation method of the prefabricated bay window, and is not repeated.
In one embodiment, the reserved connecting steel bars 23 at the top end of the prefabricated bay window 20 of the current floor are bound together with the beam steel bars of the current floor, and concrete is poured to form the beam 40 and simultaneously pour the upper-layer structural floor slab of the prefabricated bay window of the upper floor.
In one embodiment, a fourth bolt sleeve 26 and a bolt installed in the fourth bolt sleeve 26 are reserved on the top surface of the layer of prefabricated bay window side plate 21 of the layer of prefabricated bay window 20. The manner of fabricating the upper prefabricated bay window is similar to the manner of fabricating the present prefabricated bay window 20, and is not repeated herein.
In one embodiment, referring to fig. 3, a prefabricated bay window 70 includes: a top plate 71, a bottom plate 72 and two side plates 73. The top plate 71 and the bottom plate 72 are arranged in parallel at intervals, the same end of the top plate 71 and the same end of the bottom plate 72 are both connected with one side plate 73, and the other ends of the top plate 71 and the bottom plate 72 are both connected with the other side plate 73. One end surface of the side plate 73 is provided with a support member (not shown), and the other end surface of the side plate is provided with a pre-embedded rigid plate (not shown) corresponding to the support member. And connecting steel bars are pre-embedded in the top plate and the bottom plate.
The technical effect of the prefabricated bay window is the same as that of the installation method of the prefabricated bay window, and the detailed description is omitted.
Specifically, the embedded rigid plates and the supporting pieces are multiple, and the embedded rigid plates and the supporting pieces are arranged correspondingly one by one.
Specifically, a first bolt sleeve is embedded in one end face of each of the first side plate and the second side plate, and the supporting piece is a first bolt matched with the first bolt sleeve.
In one embodiment, a building construction includes a plurality of prefabricated bay windows 70 arranged in series from bottom to top. Between two adjacent prefabricated bay windows 70, all be equipped with the interval between the curb plate 73 of one of them prefabricated bay window 70 and the curb plate 73 of another prefabricated bay window 70, the bottom of prefabricated bay window 70 is reserved the connecting reinforcement and is tied up with the back beam reinforcing bar of prefabricated bay window 70 place layer and is formed the back beam by concrete placement. And the reserved connecting steel bars at the top end of the prefabricated bay window 70 are bound with the beam steel bars on the layer where the prefabricated bay window 70 is located, and concrete is poured to form a beam.
Foretell housing construction, this layer of prefabricated window that wafts gravity can not transmit the lower floor through support piece and prefabricate on the window that wafts to also can avoid this layer of prefabricated window component that wafts of each layer below the window that wafts to receive too big pressure and be impaired.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (11)

1. A method for installing a prefabricated bay window is characterized by comprising the following steps:
after the lower-layer prefabricated bay window is installed, respectively installing two side plates of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window on the two side plates of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window in an aligned mode, wherein a pre-embedded rigid plate is arranged on the bottom surface of each side plate of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window, a supporting piece corresponding to the pre-embedded rigid plate is arranged on the top surface of each side plate of the lower-layer prefabricated bay window, and the supporting piece is in abutting fit with the plate surface of the pre-embedded rigid plate;
providing a supporting device, and supporting and fixing the layer of prefabricated bay window by the supporting device;
binding the reserved connecting steel bars at the bottom end of the layer of prefabricated bay window with the reversed beam steel bars of the layer and pouring concrete to form reversed beams;
binding reserved connecting steel bars at the top end of the layer of prefabricated bay window with the beam steel bars of the layer together and forming a beam by adopting concrete pouring;
after the beam and the reversed beam are both poured and formed, the supporting device is dismantled;
the supporting piece is a height-adjustable supporting piece; the step of removing the support device further comprises the following steps: and adjusting the height of the supporting piece to separate the supporting piece from the board surface of the embedded rigid board.
2. The method of installing a prefabricated bay window of claim 1, wherein the support member is a first bolt, and a first bolt sleeve fitted with the first bolt is embedded in the top surface of the side plate of the lower prefabricated bay window, and the first bolt is disposed in the first bolt sleeve.
3. The method of installing a prefabricated bay window of claim 1, wherein there are a plurality of said support members and a plurality of said pre-buried rigid plates, said support members and said pre-buried rigid plates being arranged in a one-to-one correspondence.
4. The method for installing the prefabricated bay window of claim 3, wherein in the process of installing the two side plates of the prefabricated bay window of the current floor on the two side plates of the prefabricated bay window of the lower floor in an aligned manner, the elevations of the top surfaces of the supporting members are all at the same horizontal plane, and the elevations of the bottom surfaces of the embedded rigid plates are all at the same horizontal plane.
5. The prefabricated bay window installation method according to claim 3, wherein the bottom surfaces of the two prefabricated bay window side plates of the prefabricated bay window of the current floor are respectively provided with two pre-embedded rigid plates, and the top surfaces of the two side plates of the prefabricated bay window of the lower floor are respectively provided with two supporting pieces; the four supporting pieces respectively and synchronously support the four embedded rigid plates.
6. The method of installing a prefabricated bay window of claim 1, wherein said support means are adjustable length support rods, and said step of supporting and fixing said floor of prefabricated bay window by said support means comprises the steps of: fixing one end of the length-adjustable support rod on the bottom surface of the top plate of the prefabricated bay window, and fixing the other end of the length-adjustable support rod on the structural floor slab of the layer below the reversed beam of the layer.
7. The prefabricated bay window installation method according to claim 6, wherein a second bolt sleeve is reserved on the bottom surface of a top plate of the layer of prefabricated bay window, and a third bolt sleeve is reserved on the surface of a floor slab of the layer of structure; fixing one end of a length-adjustable support rod on the bottom surface of the top plate of the prefabricated bay window of the layer, and fixing the prefabricated bay window of the layer by using the support device, wherein the support device comprises the following steps: one end of the length-adjustable supporting rod is fixedly connected with a second bolt sleeve through a second bolt, and the other end of the length-adjustable supporting rod is fixedly connected with a third bolt sleeve through a third bolt; and controlling the included angle of the adjustable length supporting rod relative to the floor slab of the structure of the layer to be 45-60 degrees.
8. A prefabricated bay window, characterised in that a method of installing a prefabricated bay window as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7 is used, said prefabricated bay window comprising: the top plate and the bottom plate are arranged in parallel at intervals, the same end of the top plate and the same end of the bottom plate are both connected with one side plate, and the other ends of the top plate and the bottom plate are both connected with the other side plate; one end face of the side plate is provided with a supporting piece, and the other end face of the side plate is provided with a pre-embedded rigid plate corresponding to the supporting piece; connecting steel bars are pre-embedded in the top plate and the bottom plate; the support member is a height-adjustable support member.
9. The prefabricated bay window of claim 8, wherein the pre-embedded rigid plates and the support members are all a plurality of, and the pre-embedded rigid plates and the support members are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence.
10. The prefabricated bay window of claim 8, wherein a first bolt sleeve is embedded in one end surface of each side plate, and the support member is a first bolt matched with the first bolt sleeve.
11. A building construction, comprising: a plurality of prefabricated bay windows as claimed in any one of claims 8 to 10 arranged in series from bottom to top; a gap is arranged between each two adjacent prefabricated bay windows, a side plate of one prefabricated bay window and a side plate of the other prefabricated bay window, connecting steel bars reserved at the bottom ends of the prefabricated bay windows are bound with inverted beam steel bars of the layer where the prefabricated bay windows are located, and concrete is poured to form inverted beams; and the top end of the prefabricated bay window is reserved with connecting steel bars, bound with beam steel bars on the layer where the prefabricated bay window is located, and poured by adopting concrete to form a beam.
CN201811187562.6A 2018-10-12 2018-10-12 Prefabricated bay window installation method, prefabricated bay window and house building Active CN109538063B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191312490A (en) * 1913-05-28 1914-04-09 Henry Jackson Moore Improvements in or relating to Window Conservatories.
CN203654997U (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-06-18 湖北弘毅钢结构工程有限公司 Integrally preformed bay window structure
CN104746639A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-07-01 上海紫宝实业投资有限公司 Prefabricated bay window structure installed on laminated wall board and installing method
CN204456428U (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-07-08 上海紫宝实业投资有限公司 A kind of entirety being installed on composite wallboard is waftd window
CN206418914U (en) * 2017-01-07 2017-08-18 五洋建设集团股份有限公司 The prefabricated window that floats

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191312490A (en) * 1913-05-28 1914-04-09 Henry Jackson Moore Improvements in or relating to Window Conservatories.
CN203654997U (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-06-18 湖北弘毅钢结构工程有限公司 Integrally preformed bay window structure
CN104746639A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-07-01 上海紫宝实业投资有限公司 Prefabricated bay window structure installed on laminated wall board and installing method
CN204456428U (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-07-08 上海紫宝实业投资有限公司 A kind of entirety being installed on composite wallboard is waftd window
CN206418914U (en) * 2017-01-07 2017-08-18 五洋建设集团股份有限公司 The prefabricated window that floats

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