CN109537769A - Space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method - Google Patents

Space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109537769A
CN109537769A CN201811437534.5A CN201811437534A CN109537769A CN 109537769 A CN109537769 A CN 109537769A CN 201811437534 A CN201811437534 A CN 201811437534A CN 109537769 A CN109537769 A CN 109537769A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick
city
abnormity
masonry
point
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201811437534.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈长满
许德勤
戴敏
胡康惠
孙玉峰
黄合营
张益平
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LONGYUAN CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
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LONGYUAN CONSTRUCTION GROUP CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201811437534.5A priority Critical patent/CN109537769A/en
Publication of CN109537769A publication Critical patent/CN109537769A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/10Geometric CAD
    • G06F30/13Architectural design, e.g. computer-aided architectural design [CAAD] related to design of buildings, bridges, landscapes, production plants or roads
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F30/00Computer-aided design [CAD]
    • G06F30/20Design optimisation, verification or simulation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06TIMAGE DATA PROCESSING OR GENERATION, IN GENERAL
    • G06T17/00Three dimensional [3D] modelling, e.g. data description of 3D objects

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method, is modeled using BIM technology, it is determined that the positioning coordinate of curved wall brick wall arrangement provides technology for abnormity masonry and guarantees;It is positioned using total station, solves and provide the accurate foundation that special-shaped metope radial brick is built in the case where being manually unable to measure and calibrating, realized the accurate foundation that innovation brick-building art abnormity metope radial brick is built, realize innovation brick-building art.

Description

Space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method
Technical field
The present invention relates to building fields, are a kind of space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry methods more specifically.
Background technique
In order to make city wall have more artistic effect, existing engineering often builds city wall to have more molding sense, following city wall: upright Face is arc-shaped curved surface, and metope hyperbolic is faced upward, great dignified gesture, and more distinctive is left and right both wings city wall, more exaggerates hyperbolic The moulding of face exterior wall, the Double curved arc city wall of both wings design, wing tip facade arc is upward, is in rhinoceros angle-style, and the wedge angle of wing tip is flat Face is at an angle, and facade arc is upward, and the wing is risen up to several meters, and with the pinnacle of a certain angle of the top of the horn facade, Cong Yiding arc Downwards, with the tangent connection of positive facade city wall height circular arc, the artistic effect of Old City Wall is made to show protrusion.
The positive facade of this engineering both wings city wall is designed as hyperboloid (X, Y-axis), and form is faced upward;In addition the top of the horn of city wall is in (Z Axis) it is bent upwards, the point bit space that wall is generally the form of expression city wall wall body structure of three-dimensional curve is respectively independent, does not deposit In the linear relation of sight alignment, specific structure refractory gold ores are as follows:
1. city wall plane is variable curvature curved surface, facade is variable slope curved surface:
The exterior wall of both wings city wall, planar architectural line are determined by two radius of curvature and a triangle, for three-dimensional variable curvature The architectural image of curve combination.Fig. 1 is that variable curvature city wall in space builds sideline facade slope variation schematic diagram, wherein a is wall top Wedge angle is high, and b is the roofing height in corridor within the walls, and c is the outside line of wing angle brick, and d is structure wing tip sustaining wall column sideline.Fig. 2 is space change Curvature city wall builds sideline planar curvature and changes schematic diagram.
2. the masonry line of city-wall brick is space parallel curves with curved wall parallel:
What city wall alien invasion was built is ancient city wall brick, and building brickwork joint need to arrange on the basis of the Architecture Curve by wall top daughter's wall top Column, i.e., whole brickwork joint line are arranged in parallel by the arc curve of wall point to city wall normal level.City-wall brick suture and wall top curve It is the second difficult point in parallel.The unconventional building wall of large area, as Fig. 3 city wall alien invasion builds brickwork joint line.
3. being bent the special-shaped wing tip upwarped
The plane of city wall wing tip arrives top upwards at a certain acute angle, wing tip ground along facade camber line.Conventional brick body can not expire Sufficient arc wedge angle building wall.
Summary of the invention
Above of the existing technology to solve the problems, such as, the present invention proposes that a kind of space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick is built Build method.
Space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method of the invention, the plane of the space variable curvature abnormity wall are built Line is built to be determined by the arc and a triangle of two different curvature radius, variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method include with Lower step:
A. the Rhino model of Computerized three-dimensional space variable curvature wall city wall brick masonry is established;
B., the Rhino model is established to the three-dimensional BIM of coordinate (0,0,0) point consistent with construction drawing in Revit model Model;
C., the arc top surface that the BIM model is pressed to construction drawing variable curvature abnormity wall is that city-wall brick is long by horizontal space Add mortar to build m times of seam, n times that vertical interval adds mortar masonry seam for brick thickness, establishes curved surface brick wall and build determining for line traffic control Position coordinate, and number, i.e., the three-dimensional coordinate point (x, y, z) at every four control points in the zonule m*n summarizes in Excel software, draws The positioning figure that entire space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick builds control is made;
D. a stable total station positioning datum point is selected, the pinnacle of tower top can be built with intervisibility distal end one, forms positioning Basic point and reference line, i.e. total station survey initial coordinate system, the control positioned according to this according to total station Observe and measure city wall construction drawing Coordinate point processed, conversion total station survey initial coordinate system is consistent with the three-dimensional system of coordinate that built BIM is modeled, and becomes total station With the construction survey coordinate system of BIM common reference point, in this way, the control point of every zonule m*n four that total station can provide BIM Three-dimensional coordinate point (x, y, z) with total station original structure concrete metope pinpoint, formed since wall top m times of city wall brick masonry water Flat distance, the space arc curve control point of n times of vertical range, these points form curve of approximation, brick as city wall The brickwork joint control line built is shown with red, yellow, black three different color tables;
It e. is acute angle by the plane included angle of construction drawing wing tip city wall, according to building wall principle, design specialized builds abnormity Brick, including large and small two triangle bricks and a trapezoidal brick;
F. city wall brick masonry is left in tip location due to structure concrete wall, needed in the side of the concrete wall of the point Facade determines institute using total station by the height plantation extension elongation of n times of every spacing is the reinforcing bar of C distance down from concrete top Trapezoidal brick anchor point is stated, determines the masonry anchor point of wall point brick, point bit flag and the same layer of the reinforcing bar build the described of height Brickwork joint control line is homochromy;
G. when wing tip brick masonry, big triangle brick described in the first skin is first built, then normal by the first skin that camber arrangement is built Advise brick;Then the second skin builds the small triangle brick+trapezoidal brick, then the second skin conventional tile built by camber arrangement, The arrangement of the first, second skin is repeated by allocation control points upwards, meets the brick wall bat fissure of displacement, space arc shooting, realizes that wall is built It is parallel with the arc curve of city wall top surface to build brickwork joint.
Wherein, the big triangle and small triangle are the equilateral triangle that apex angle is acute angle.
Wherein, it builds and builds since the wedge angle of corner bottom, every layer of brick and the oblique intersection of foundation concrete beam, three formed Angle space is filled up with mortar.
Wherein, the space variable curvature abnormity wall, because concrete wall is that facet form assembly positions after-pouring concrete, It at the horizontal and vertical recessed folding of " roll over Dai Qu ", is first filled and led up with high-grade cement mortar, forms the concrete metope of smooth circular arc, then Start the building construction of variable curvature abnormity wall.
Due to using the technology described above, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1. being modeled using BIM technology, it is determined that the positioning coordinate of curved wall brick wall arrangement provides skill for abnormity masonry Art guarantees;It is positioned using total station, it solves in the case where being manually unable to measure and calibrating, provides special-shaped metope arc The accurate foundation of brick masonry, realizes innovation brick-building art.
2. being positioned using total station, the construction error for staggeredly construction provides accurate data, and effectively controlling makes again The accuracy of miscellaneous structure construction;
3. the dedicated wing tip city-wall brick of innovative design completes the graceful brick Old City Wall of abnormity by arc brickwork joint control line.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is that variable curvature city wall in space builds sideline facade slope variation schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that variable curvature city wall in space builds sideline planar curvature variation schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is that city wall alien invasion builds brickwork joint line.
Fig. 4 is to build three color control line of brickwork joint and wing tip brick masonry control spacer bar schematic diagram
Fig. 5-1 is the structural schematic diagram of the big triangle brick of special shaped brick in the present invention;
Fig. 5-2 is the structural schematic diagram of the small triangle brick of special shaped brick in the present invention;
Fig. 5-3 is trapezoidal brick structural schematic diagram in the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Illustrate embodiments of the present invention below by way of particular specific embodiment, those skilled in the art can be by this theory The bright revealed content of book is understood other advantages and efficacy of the present invention easily.
In the present embodiment, city wall plane is variable curvature curved surface, and facade is variable slope curved surface, the exterior wall of both wings city wall, plane Building line is determined that wall bottom building line and wall top building line press relative level distance by two different curvature radius and a triangle First segment (88.68m turning radius) changes from 2982mm to 2796mm, second segment (17.68m turning radius) from 2796mm to 930mm variation, trigonum (wing tip) are changed by 38 degree of constant triangles of plane (sinusoidal 930mm), facade arc from 0-- 3.84m is connect with second segment wall, forms the architectural image of three-dimensional variable curvature curve combination.If Fig. 1 is that variable curvature city wall in space is built Sideline facade slope variation schematic diagram is built, Fig. 2 is that variable curvature city wall in space builds sideline planar curvature variation schematic diagram, a in Fig. 1 Indicate that wall top part angle is high, b indicates the roofing height of corridor inside corridor, and c indicates the outside line of wing angle brick, and d indicates structure wing tip sustaining wall column side Line.
The masonry line of the ancient city wall brick, is space parallel curves with curved wall parallel, and what city wall alien invasion was built is Ancient city wall brick, building brickwork joint need to arrange on the basis of the Architecture Curve by wall top daughter's wall top, i.e., whole brickwork joint line is by wall point The arc curve of 15.55m to city wall normal level 11.55m are arranged in parallel, and last corner lower part brick " disappears " Yu Shuizhong by row, It is illustrated in figure 3 city wall alien invasion and builds brickwork joint line.
The Plane Angle of city wall wing tip is 38 degree, and city wall wing tip is from horizontal plane (- 1.000 meters) along facade curve (0--- 3.845m) upwards up to the top of 15.55m, by the 400*100*100mm of ancient city wall brick, (load-carrying members of city wall are 200mm thickness concrete Wall, brick wall are that decorating structure selects 400*100*100mm), conventional brick body masonry is unable to satisfy wedge angle wall inclination, this engineering root According to the unique dedicated wall brick of unique wall shape-designing.
It is analyzed according to city wall offbeat form, since conventional CAD modeling can not determine the space orientation that structure construction needs Point can not also determine the material processing dimension of needs, this engineering uses BIM modeling technique, by the critical control point of design drawing Position be refined as BIM model cootrol point, variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method the following steps are included:
1) the Rhino model of Computerized three-dimensional space variable curvature wall city wall brick masonry is established;
2) Rhino model is established to the three-dimensional BIM model of coordinate (0,0,0) point consistent with construction drawing in Revit model;
3) BIM model is pressed into the top surface curve from the space variable curvature abnormity wall, is that city-wall brick is long by horizontal space Add mortar to build m times of seam, n times that vertical interval adds mortar masonry seam for brick thickness, establishes the song that curved surface brick wall builds line traffic control Line positions coordinate, and numbers, the three-dimensional coordinate point at every four control points in the zonule m*n (x, y,
Z), summarize in Excel software, be depicted as the positioning figure of entire space variable curvature abnormity city wall brick masonry curve;
4) a stable total station positioning datum point is selected, the pinnacle of tower top can be built with intervisibility distal end one, forms positioning Basic point and reference line, i.e. total station survey initial coordinate system are sat according to the control of total station Observe and measure city wall construction drawing positioning Punctuation bit, conversion total station survey initial coordinate system is consistent with the coordinate system that built BIM is modeled, and becomes total station and BIM is total With the construction survey coordinate system of datum mark, in this way, the three-dimensional at every four control points in the zonule m*n that total station can provide BIM Coordinate points (x, y, z) are pinpointed with total station in Concrete In Structures metope, from space variable curvature abnormity wall top surface, by horizontal space 825mm (the long 400*2+12.5*2 of brick), vertical interval 450mm (brick thickness 100*4+12.5*4) are pinpointed with total station in concrete metope, Every 825mm horizontal distance, the point of 450mm vertical range since wall top are formed, (roll over Dai Qu) that these points are formed Curve of approximation is shown with three different color tables such as Fig. 4, red, black, yellow three kinds of colors point as the brickwork joint control line of city wall brick masonry Position, forms the three color control lines at interval, wherein 1 indicates red, 2 indicate black, and 3 indicate yellow;
5) corner wing tip abnormity brick masonry arrangement figure is devised, completes 200mm thickness concrete wall, wing tip area concrete sustaining wall column in original The in-depth figure that arrangement with wall point city-wall brick is formed, devises the special shaped brick of patterning process, such as Fig. 5-1,5-2,5-3, including big, A small two equilateral acute triangle brick A, B and trapezoidal brick C;Two vertex angles of size are 38 degree, after masonry, can be met After first skin, the second skin brick masonry, the sideline that subsequent brick is opened to wedge angle both sides is continuously built, and special shaped brick is special by commission producer For;
6) since the masonry of Old City Wall is arranged as the oblique line of circular arc, build a wall must since the positioning of first block of special shaped brick and by The oblique masonry of line is built, and city wall concrete structure of constructing in advance is trapezoidal cross-section, wedge angle must be all with abnormity brick masonry, but structure The anchor point of wedge angle is not present after the completion of construction, we aerofoil profile wall side facade, by from concrete top surface every 550mm down The reinforcing bar that height plantation extension elongation is 500mm, continues with total station and determines the anchor point of (615-200=) 415mm (wherein 400 be trapezoidal brick side length in 615, and 200 be small triangle brick side length, and 15 be cement mortar width), 200mm is other than point The masonry starting point of wall point brick.The point of reinforcing bar with red, black, yellow mark, with same layer build height circular arc control line it is homochromy, mention For the foundation of sharp corner abnormity brick masonry, as shown in figure 4, wherein 1 indicating red, 2 indicate black, and 3 indicate yellow;
7) when wing tip brick masonry, the big triangle wall brick A of the first skin is first built, (continues masonry panel the by camber arrangement again One skin conventional tile);Then the second skin builds the small trapezoidal wall brick C of triangle wall brick B+, (continues masonry panel the by camber arrangement again Two integumentary pattern conventional tiles), entire brick wall, which is built, upwards repeats the arrangement of the first, second skin by allocation control points from bottom to top, meets brick The wall masonry bat fissure of displacement, space arc shooting, building wall brickwork joint design effect parallel with the arc curve of city wall top surface.
The present invention devises following three preparatory process under conditions of the concrete wall completed in advance:
1. being filled and led up to roll over the concrete structure wall to arc at horizontal and vertical recessed folding with cement mortar, forming smooth circular arc Metope;
2. total station positions the positioning coordinate that variable curvature wall arc builds brickwork joint line;
3. the brick of oblique masonry and the oblique intersection of foundation beam, build since the wedge angle of corner bottom, every layer of brick and basis The oblique intersection of concrete beam, formed triangular space, filled up with mortar, because its outside city wall paleocurrent hereinafter, not influencing wall The effect of facade.
Any those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, carries out above-described embodiment Modification.Therefore the scope of the present invention, should be as listed in the claims.

Claims (4)

1. space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method, the planar architectural line of the space variable curvature abnormity wall is by two The arc of different curvature radius and triangle determine, which is characterized in that variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method includes Following steps:
A. the Rhino model of Computerized three-dimensional space variable curvature wall city wall brick masonry is established;
B., the Rhino model is established to the three-dimensional BIM model of coordinate (0,0,0) point consistent with construction drawing in Revit model;
C., the arc top surface that the BIM model is pressed to construction drawing variable curvature abnormity wall, which is that city-wall brick is long by horizontal space, adds sand Grout m times that builds seam, vertical interval be brick thickness add mortar build seam n times, establish curved surface brick wall build line traffic control positioning seat Mark, and number, i.e., the three-dimensional coordinate point (x, y, z) at every four control points in the zonule m*n summarizes in Excel software, is depicted as Entire space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick builds the positioning figure of control;
D. a stable total station positioning datum point is selected, the pinnacle of tower top can be built with intervisibility distal end one, forms setting base And reference line, i.e. total station survey initial coordinate system sit according to the control of total station Observe and measure city wall construction drawing positioning according to this Punctuation bit, conversion total station survey initial coordinate system is consistent with the three-dimensional system of coordinate that built BIM is modeled, become total station and The construction survey coordinate system of BIM common reference point, in this way, the control point of every zonule m*n four that total station can provide BIM Three-dimensional coordinate point (x, y, z) is pinpointed with total station in original structure concrete metope, forms the level of m times of the city wall brick masonry since wall top Distance, the space arc curve control point of n times of vertical range, these points form curve of approximation, as city wall brick masonry Brickwork joint control line, shown with red, yellow, black three different color tables;
It e. is acute angle by the plane included angle of construction drawing wing tip city wall, according to building wall principle, design specialized builds special shaped brick, packet Include large and small two triangle bricks and a trapezoidal brick;
F. city wall brick masonry is left in tip location due to structure concrete wall, needed vertical in the side of the concrete wall of the point Face, by the height plantation extension elongation of n times of every spacing is the reinforcing bar of C distance down from concrete top, using described in total station determination Trapezoidal brick anchor point determines that the masonry anchor point of wall point brick, the point bit flag and same layer of the reinforcing bar build the brick of height It is homochromy to stitch control line;
G. when wing tip brick masonry, big triangle brick described in the first skin, then the first skin conventional tile built by camber arrangement are first built; Then the second skin builds the small triangle brick+trapezoidal brick, then the second skin conventional tile built by camber arrangement, presses upwards Allocation control points repeat the arrangement of the first, second skin, meet the brick wall bat fissure of displacement, space arc shooting, realize building wall brickwork joint It is parallel with the arc curve of city wall top surface.
2. space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the big triangle Shape and small triangle are the equilateral triangle that apex angle is acute angle.
3. space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: build from corner The wedge angle of bottom starts to build, and every layer of brick and the oblique intersection of foundation concrete beam, the triangular space formed are filled up with mortar.
4. space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the space becomes Curvature abnormity wall, because concrete wall be facet form assembly position after-pouring concrete, " roll over Dai Qu " it is horizontal and vertical recessed It at folding, is first filled and led up with high-grade cement mortar, forms the concrete metope of smooth circular arc, then start the masonry of variable curvature abnormity wall Construction.
CN201811437534.5A 2018-11-28 2018-11-28 Space variable curvature abnormity wall city-wall brick masonry method Withdrawn CN109537769A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150286752A1 (en) * 2014-04-03 2015-10-08 Pavestone, LLC Concrete block modular interface
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150286752A1 (en) * 2014-04-03 2015-10-08 Pavestone, LLC Concrete block modular interface
CN105089184A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-11-25 中建二局第三建筑工程有限公司 Multi-curved concrete hollow modelling wall construction method and rhombic hollow structure formwork
CN107451356A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-08 成都智建新业建筑设计咨询有限公司 A kind of outer-wall building method based on BIM
CN207260370U (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-04-20 南京市园林规划设计院有限责任公司 A kind of pseudo-classic architecture external wall structure

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Title
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Application publication date: 20190329