CN109533253A - A kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail - Google Patents

A kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109533253A
CN109533253A CN201811411537.1A CN201811411537A CN109533253A CN 109533253 A CN109533253 A CN 109533253A CN 201811411537 A CN201811411537 A CN 201811411537A CN 109533253 A CN109533253 A CN 109533253A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
skeleton
threaded rod
fixed
servo
actuated
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811411537.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109533253B (en
Inventor
刘玉红
马冰彦
王树新
张宏伟
王延辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin University
Original Assignee
Tianjin University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin University filed Critical Tianjin University
Priority to CN201811411537.1A priority Critical patent/CN109533253B/en
Publication of CN109533253A publication Critical patent/CN109533253A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109533253B publication Critical patent/CN109533253B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H9/00Marine propulsion provided directly by wind power
    • B63H9/04Marine propulsion provided directly by wind power using sails or like wind-catching surfaces
    • B63H9/06Types of sail; Constructional features of sails; Arrangements thereof on vessels
    • B63H9/061Rigid sails; Aerofoil sails

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sails, including skeleton component, flexible covering and line driving assembly;Wherein, flexible covering is consolidated in skeleton component, and line driving assembly is connect with skeleton component;Skeleton component is made of the driving skeleton, servo-actuated skeleton and fixed skeleton set gradually from top to bottom;Servo-actuated skeleton is made of the first aluminium alloy rod piece and the first carbon fibre member bar;Driving skeleton includes the second aluminium alloy rod piece, the second carbon fibre member bar, evolute fixing axle, fold line fixing axle, rotating disc;Fixed skeleton includes third carbon fibre member bar, the first threaded rod, frame linking bar assembly and the second threaded rod.The present invention changes wing sail area by the skeleton expansion of different number to adapt to sea difference wind speed, wind direction, wing sail is set to have a preferable thrust performance and relatively stable navigation posture, in addition all skeletons, which fold, realizes larger folding ratio, so that aircraft can be converted to from wing sail drive mode, propeller is promoted or motor pattern is navigated by water in dive.

Description

A kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail
Technical field
The present invention relates to wing sails used in a kind of ocean navigation device for having multi-locomotion mode, and in particular to area is adjustable and has The single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail of standby big folding ratio.
Background technique
Currently, observing in place for the long-time for making ocean navigation device carry out ocean-atmosphere interface, need to utilize natural energy resources wind energy As driving force, operational capabilities when aircraft being made to have long distance navigation on the sea, in addition, when aircraft need to be switched to propeller promote or When dive motor pattern, wing sail needs to have a biggish folding ratio.Current sail telescopic device mostly use greatly scissor-type, Multistage feed screw nut is superimposed, the mode of hydraulic lifting arm carries out the folded deformation of sail, and apparatus above is than cumbersome, occupied space It is larger, the light-weight design principle of ocean navigation device deformation device is not met, and folding ratio is limited.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the invention is to overcome the shortcomings in the prior art, provides a kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail, leads to The skeleton for crossing different number is unfolded to make wing sail have one preferably to change wing sail area to adapt to sea difference wind speed, wind direction Thrust performance and relatively stable navigation posture, in addition all skeletons, which fold, realizes larger folding ratio, so that navigation Device can be converted to propeller propulsion or dive navigation motor pattern from wing sail drive mode.
The purpose of the present invention is what is be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail, including skeleton component, flexible covering and line driving assembly;Wherein, flexible to cover Skin is consolidated in skeleton component, and line driving assembly is connect with skeleton component;The skeleton component is by the drive that sets gradually from top to bottom Dynamic skeleton, servo-actuated skeleton and fixed skeleton composition;The servo-actuated skeleton is by the first aluminium alloy rod piece and the first carbon fibre member bar group At;
The driving skeleton is fixed including the second aluminium alloy rod piece, the second carbon fibre member bar, evolute fixing axle, fold line Axis, rotating disc;The rotating disc is fixedly connected on the side of the second aluminium alloy rod piece, and the second carbon fibre member bar is fixedly connected on The top of two aluminium alloy rod pieces, the rotating disc and the second aluminium alloy rod piece are located at the lower section of driving skeleton, evolute fixing axle Positioned at the lower part of the second aluminium alloy rod piece, fold line fixing axle is located at the top of the second aluminium alloy rod piece;
The fixed skeleton includes third carbon fibre member bar, the first threaded rod, frame linking bar assembly and the second threaded rod;First Threaded rod is located at the left of fixed skeleton, and the second threaded rod is located at the right of the first threaded rod, and the frame linking bar assembly is positioned at the Between one threaded rod and the second threaded rod, and frame linking bar assembly is fixed by the first threaded rod and the second threaded rod, driving skeleton, One end of servo-actuated skeleton and fixed skeleton is connect with the first threaded rod.
Line driving assembly includes turbine and worm motor, reel, evolute and fold line;The reel and turbine and worm Motor is connected with each other by jackscrew mode, and evolute one end is fixed below the reel far from turbine and worm motor side, separately One end is fixed at evolute fixing axle, and fold line one end is fixed on above the reel of turbine and worm motor side, separately One end is fixed at fold line fixing axle.
Further, the servo-actuated skeleton is provided with four, the respectively first servo-actuated skeleton, the second servo-actuated skeleton, third Servo-actuated skeleton and the 4th servo-actuated skeleton, the first aluminium alloy rod piece and the first carbon fibre member bar are connected with each other by rivet.
Further, it is provided with lock tooth, protrusion on the rotating disc and resets circular arc;Wherein, the protrusion is located at lock tooth Right end, reset circular arc be located at lock tooth left end.
Further, frame linking bar assembly includes connecting rod, circlip and locking plate;The connecting rod be equipped with circlip mounting groove, Locking plate mounting groove, card slot and reseting groove;Circlip and locking plate are respectively arranged in circlip mounting groove and locking plate mounting groove;Wherein card slot and Reseting groove is between circlip mounting groove and locking plate mounting groove, and card slot is located at the right of reseting groove.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects brought by the technical solution of the present invention are as follows:
(1) the present invention is based on light-weight design principles, and the larger folding ratio of wing sail is realized by the way of skeleton rotation (94% folding ratio);
(2) present invention can realize wing sail shape (rectangle, trapezoidal, triangle of different longitudinal sections by the rational deployment of skeleton Shape etc.);
(3) mode that the present invention takes line to drive, realizes the folding exhibition of wing sail.
(4) present invention realizes the conversion of different area wing sail by light, small-sized self-locking mechanism, to adapt to sea difference Wind speed, wind direction make aircraft have a higher speed of a ship or plane and preferable navigation stability.
(5) when wing sail of the present invention can be such that ocean navigation device drives by wind energy, make to navigate by water utensil by changing wing sail area Standby a higher speed of a ship or plane and more stable operational configuration, larger folding ratio wing sail can make the conversion of aircraft progress motor pattern (wind energy drive mode is converted to propeller driving or dive sail mode).
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the skeleton component of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the servo-actuated skeleton of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the driving skeleton of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the fixation skeleton of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the rotating disc of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the frame linking bar assembly of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the line driving assembly structural schematic diagram of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the completely folded state of telescopic wing sail of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the different area wing sail of telescopic wing sail of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of variable area and having the folding spademan sail of larger folding ratio, which includes: skeleton group Part 1, flexible covering 2, line driving assembly 3;Wherein, flexible covering 2 is fixedly arranged on skeleton component 1, line driving assembly 3 and skeleton group Part 1 is attached.
As shown in Fig. 2, skeleton component 1 includes: 1 servo-actuated skeleton 12,13,14,15 of 11,4, driving skeleton, 1 fixation Skeleton 16.Driving skeleton 11 is located at the top of skeleton component 1, and fixation skeleton 16 is located at the bottom of skeleton component 1,4 with Dynamic skeleton 12,13,14,15 is sequentially located between driving skeleton 11 and fixed skeleton 16;All skeletons 11,12,13,14,15,16 It is connected to the first threaded rod 162.
As shown in figure 3, carbon of the servo-actuated skeleton 12,13,14,15 by aluminium alloy rod piece 101 and the specific aerofoil profiles of maintenance Fiber rod piece 102 forms, this two parts is attached by rivet.
As shown in figure 4, driving skeleton 11 include aluminium alloy rod piece 111, carbon fibre member bar 112, evolute fixing axle 113, Fold line fixing axle 114, rotating disc 115;Rotating disc 115 and aluminium alloy rod piece 111 are fixed in together, 111 He of aluminium alloy rod piece Carbon fibre member bar 112 is fixed in together, and rotating disc 115 and aluminium alloy rod piece 111 are located at the lower section for driving skeleton 11, and evolute is solid Dead axle 113 is located at the lower section of aluminium alloy rod piece 111, and fold line fixing axle 114 is located at the top of aluminium alloy rod piece 111.
As shown in figure 5, fixed skeleton 16 includes carbon fibre member bar 161, the first threaded rod 162, frame linking bar assembly 163, the Two threaded rods 164;First threaded rod 162 is located at the left of fixed skeleton 16, and the second threaded rod 164 is located at the first threaded rod 162 Right, frame linking bar assembly 163 is between the first threaded rod 162 and the second threaded rod 164, and frame linking bar assembly 163 passes through First threaded rod 162 and the second threaded rod 164 are fixed.
As shown in fig. 6, being machined with lock tooth 1151 on rotating disc 115, protrusion 1152, resetting circular arc 1153;Wherein, raised 1152 are located at the right end of lock tooth, reset the left end that circular arc 1153 is located at lock tooth.
As shown in fig. 7, frame linking bar assembly 163 includes connecting rod 1631, circlip 1632, locking plate 1633;Wherein connecting rod 1631 are machined with circlip mounting groove 16311, locking plate mounting groove 16312, card slot 16313, reseting groove 16314;Circlip 1632 and lock Piece 1633 is separately mounted to circlip mounting groove 16311, at 16312 position of locking plate mounting groove;Wherein card slot 16313, reseting groove 16314 between circlip mounting groove 16311 and locking plate mounting groove 16312, and card slot 16313 is located at the right side of reseting groove 16314 Side.
As shown in Fig. 4,8, line driving assembly 3 includes turbine and worm motor 31, reel 32, evolute 33, fold line 34; Wherein, reel 32 is attached by way of jackscrew with turbine and worm motor 31, and 33 one end of evolute is held away from whirlpool 32 lower section of reel of worm and gear motor side, the other end are fixed at evolute fixing axle 113, and 34 one end of fold line is fixed on Close to 32 top of reel of turbine and worm motor side, the other end is fixed at fold line fixing axle 114.
Referring to Fig. 1 to Figure 10, the course of work of the invention and principle are as follows:
When wing sail original state is completely folded state, locking plate 1633 is in frame linking under 1632 active force of circlip at this time In the card slot 16313 of bar 1631.Turbine and worm motor 31 rotates counterclockwise, and is wrapped in evolute 33 on reel 32, driving Skeleton 11 rotates counterclockwise, and the lock tooth 1151 on rotating disc 115 stirs locking plate 1633, and circlip 1632 is compressed, and lock tooth 1151 is logical Cross, at this point, driving skeleton 11 can not rotate clockwise since lock tooth 1151 is blocked by locking plate 1633, that is, realize it is self-locking, at this point, Turbine and worm motor 31 powers off, and wing sail keeps particular area.By the method, the wing sail conversion of 4 different areas can be realized, Different wing sail areas are to adapt to different wind speed, wind direction, when driving aircraft by wind energy, have a higher speed of a ship or plane and Preferable stability.In addition, when needing wing sail being converted to completely folded state from fully unfolded position, to carry out motor pattern Switching (water surface wing sail driving is switched to propeller promote or dive sail mode), turbine and worm motor 31 rotates counterclockwise, Skeleton 11 is driven to rotate counterclockwise, locking plate 1633 is pushed into the reseting groove of connecting rod 1631 by the protrusion 1152 on rotating disc 115 16314 positions, locking plate 1633 are maintained at 16314 position of reseting groove under 1632 active force of circlip, at this point, lock tooth 1151 will not It is contacted with locking plate 1633, therefore drives skeleton 11 and servo-actuated skeleton 12,13,14,15 under gravity, can carried out clockwise Direction rotation, returns to lower position, and then, turbine and worm motor rotates clockwise, and fold line 34 is wrapped on reel 32, drives Dynamic skeleton 11 rotates clockwise, while the reset circular arc 1153 on rotating disc 115 pushes up locking plate 1633 from 16314 position of reseting groove 16313 position of card slot is gone back to, wing sail realizes that completely folded state, aircraft can be switched to propeller propulsion or dive navigation mould Formula.
The present invention is not limited to embodiments described above.Above the description of specific embodiment is intended to describe and say Bright technical solution of the present invention, the above mentioned embodiment is only schematical, is not restrictive.This is not being departed from In the case of invention objective and scope of the claimed protection, those skilled in the art may be used also under the inspiration of the present invention The specific transformation of many forms is made, within these are all belonged to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail, which is characterized in that including skeleton component (1), flexible covering (2) and line driving group Part (3);Wherein, flexible covering (2) is consolidated in skeleton component 1, and line driving assembly (3) is connect with skeleton component (1);The skeleton Component (1) is made of the driving skeleton (11), servo-actuated skeleton and fixed skeleton (16) set gradually from top to bottom;The servo-actuated bone Frame is made of the first aluminium alloy rod piece (101) and the first carbon fibre member bar (102);
The driving skeleton (11) includes the second aluminium alloy rod piece (111), the second carbon fibre member bar (112), evolute fixing axle (113), fold line fixing axle (114), rotating disc (115);The rotating disc (115) is fixedly connected on the second aluminium alloy rod piece (111) side, the second carbon fibre member bar (112) are fixedly connected on the top of the second aluminium alloy rod piece (111), the rotating disc (115) and the second aluminium alloy rod piece (111) is located at the lower section for driving skeleton (11), and evolute fixing axle (113) is located at the second aluminium The lower part of alloy rod piece (111), fold line fixing axle (114) are located at the top of the second aluminium alloy rod piece (111);
The fixed skeleton (16) include third carbon fibre member bar (161), the first threaded rod (162), frame linking bar assembly (163) and Second threaded rod (164);First threaded rod (162) is located at the left of fixed skeleton (16), and the second threaded rod (164) is located at first The right of threaded rod (162), the frame linking bar assembly (163) be located at the first threaded rod (162) and the second threaded rod (164) it Between, and frame linking bar assembly (163) is fixed by the first threaded rod (162) and the second threaded rod (164), drive skeleton (11), with One end of dynamic skeleton and fixed skeleton (16) is connect with the first threaded rod (162).
Line driving assembly (3) includes turbine and worm motor (31), reel (32), evolute (33) and fold line (34);It is described Reel (32) is connected with each other with turbine and worm motor (31) by jackscrew mode, and evolute (33) one end is fixed on far from turbine Below the reel (32) of endless screw electric motor (31) side, the other end is fixed at evolute fixing axle (113), fold line (34) one End is fixed on above the reel (32) of turbine and worm motor (31) side, and the other end is fixed on fold line fixing axle (114) at.
2. a kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the servo-actuated skeleton is provided with four Piece, the respectively first servo-actuated skeleton (12), the second servo-actuated skeleton (13), third are servo-actuated skeleton (14) and the 4th servo-actuated skeleton (15), the first aluminium alloy rod piece (101) and the first carbon fibre member bar (102) are connected with each other by rivet.
3. a kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail according to claim 1, which is characterized in that set on the rotating disc (115) It is equipped with lock tooth (1151), raised (1152) and resets circular arc (1153);Wherein, described raised (1152) are located at lock tooth (1151) Right end resets the left end that circular arc (1153) are located at lock tooth (1151).
4. a kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail according to claim 1, which is characterized in that frame linking bar assembly (163) includes Connecting rod (1631), circlip (1632) and locking plate (1633);The connecting rod (1631) be equipped with circlip mounting groove (16311), Locking plate mounting groove (16312), card slot (16313) and reseting groove (16314);Circlip (1632) and locking plate (1633) are respectively arranged in Circlip mounting groove (16311) and locking plate mounting groove (16312);Wherein card slot (16313) and reseting groove (16314) are located at circlip peace Between tankage (16311) and locking plate mounting groove (16312), and card slot (16313) is located at the right of reseting groove (16314).
CN201811411537.1A 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 Single-degree-of-freedom foldable wing sail Active CN109533253B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811411537.1A CN109533253B (en) 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 Single-degree-of-freedom foldable wing sail

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811411537.1A CN109533253B (en) 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 Single-degree-of-freedom foldable wing sail

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109533253A true CN109533253A (en) 2019-03-29
CN109533253B CN109533253B (en) 2021-01-26

Family

ID=65850314

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811411537.1A Active CN109533253B (en) 2018-11-24 2018-11-24 Single-degree-of-freedom foldable wing sail

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109533253B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111486050A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-08-04 天津大学 Deformable power generation sail and unmanned exploration ship carrying same
CN111619776A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-04 天津大学 Natural environment fluid driven variable configuration double-state long-range marine unmanned aircraft
CN111674537A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-09-18 天津大学 Sail propelling device and folding and unfolding mechanism of marine unmanned aircraft

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2368829A (en) * 2000-11-11 2002-05-15 Richard Dryden Folding spar and membrane
CN2601290Y (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-01-28 李保成 Folding garage
CN2747320Y (en) * 2004-11-26 2005-12-21 李宪龄 Foldable garage
CN201021350Y (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-02-13 上海市晋元高级中学 Oceangoing freighter ship side sail using wind sail as assistant power
WO2008071743A2 (en) * 2006-12-12 2008-06-19 Jouffroy Frederic Device for the furling and rapid deployment of a driving sail and vehicle including same
CN206110740U (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-04-19 南京合畅聚贸易有限公司 Car shed
CN206155757U (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-05-10 东莞市悦动运动器材有限公司 Inflatable sail
CN206318004U (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-07-11 上海海事大学 A kind of bionical sail

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2368829A (en) * 2000-11-11 2002-05-15 Richard Dryden Folding spar and membrane
CN2601290Y (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-01-28 李保成 Folding garage
CN2747320Y (en) * 2004-11-26 2005-12-21 李宪龄 Foldable garage
WO2008071743A2 (en) * 2006-12-12 2008-06-19 Jouffroy Frederic Device for the furling and rapid deployment of a driving sail and vehicle including same
CN201021350Y (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-02-13 上海市晋元高级中学 Oceangoing freighter ship side sail using wind sail as assistant power
CN206110740U (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-04-19 南京合畅聚贸易有限公司 Car shed
CN206155757U (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-05-10 东莞市悦动运动器材有限公司 Inflatable sail
CN206318004U (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-07-11 上海海事大学 A kind of bionical sail

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111486050A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-08-04 天津大学 Deformable power generation sail and unmanned exploration ship carrying same
CN111674537A (en) * 2020-05-18 2020-09-18 天津大学 Sail propelling device and folding and unfolding mechanism of marine unmanned aircraft
CN111619776A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-04 天津大学 Natural environment fluid driven variable configuration double-state long-range marine unmanned aircraft

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN109533253B (en) 2021-01-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2016253637B2 (en) Opening Rigid Wing
CN109533253A (en) A kind of single-degree-of-freedom telescopic wing sail
JP5815500B2 (en) Set of stowable hard sails
US6105524A (en) Pivoting sailing rig
DE3234170A1 (en) Wind power installation (system) having at least one vane which can rotate about an axis of rotation
CN104890845B (en) Horizontal foldable automatic deploying and retracting aerofoil profile sail
CN104314761A (en) Blade-foldable wind-power generator
CN105501405A (en) Folding propeller for above-water platform
US20170158299A1 (en) System and Method of Sail Propulsion for Sailing Vessels and Tugboats
CN104986319A (en) Vector propelling device, airship and installation method for vector propelling device
CN104085521A (en) Multi-connection asymmetric type sail system for ships
CN113148074A (en) Foldable wave energy self-sufficient marine robot
CN205499278U (en) Above -water platform uses foldable propeller
EP0474363A1 (en) Wind propulsion system
CN209972084U (en) Foldable triphibian four-rotor aircraft
CN111173673B (en) Wind power generator
CN104118551A (en) Automatic retractable type combined wind blade device
CN104314750A (en) Vertical axis wind turbine folding blade system and wind energy ship with same
CN205396382U (en) Sail vehicle
CN214296425U (en) Foldable rotor of unmanned aerial vehicle
CA2258311A1 (en) Vertical take-off aircraft
CN111268075A (en) Scalable wing device for underwater glider
CN215436979U (en) Paddle folding device and unmanned aerial vehicle automatic hangar
CN201907653U (en) Helicopter gear-drive propeller
CN206734621U (en) A kind of blade

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant