CN109528375A - A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table - Google Patents

A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109528375A
CN109528375A CN201811357913.3A CN201811357913A CN109528375A CN 109528375 A CN109528375 A CN 109528375A CN 201811357913 A CN201811357913 A CN 201811357913A CN 109528375 A CN109528375 A CN 109528375A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sliding
block
bolt
rod
plectrum
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CN201811357913.3A
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CN109528375B (en
Inventor
曾竞
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Zhao Min
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曾竞
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Priority to CN201811357913.3A priority Critical patent/CN109528375B/en
Publication of CN109528375A publication Critical patent/CN109528375A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/042Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for extension or stretching

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of traction tables more particularly to a kind of orthopaedics to increase traction table.Therefore, technical problem of the invention is: providing one kind can be adjusted according to the state of an illness, and the orthopaedics that patient can be made to keep correct position increases traction table.Implementer's case of the invention are as follows: a kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, includes nursing bed, cabinet, the first sliding block, attachment base, head protector, connecting rod, sliding axle, cover board etc.;Cabinet is installed, bottom of box by-level is provided with first sliding groove, and first sliding groove inner sliding type is equipped with the first sliding block, and the first slider top is equipped with attachment base, is connected with head protector at the top of attachment base in the middle part of nursing bed.The present invention is moved up and down by controlling head protector, head is drawn, it can be according to the height for adjusting head protector the case where different patients, keep patient more comfortable, then head protector can be risen or is declined by expansion bracket, sliding axle is fixed by fixture block, is prevented in distraction procedure, head protector can move.

Description

A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of traction tables more particularly to a kind of orthopaedics to increase traction table.
Background technique
Traction is to act on suffering limb by the drawing of gravity using the principle of active force and reaction force in mechanics, is alleviated The anxiety and retraction of soft tissue at fracture and dislocation.Patient is kept to be in correctly traction position, the weight of traction when traction It should need to adjust according to the state of an illness, can not arbitrarily increase and decrease.Since orthopedics patient carries out Bone traction and reset, when fixation etc. is treated, need The head of a bed or tailstock are raised, traditional heightening mat stability is poor, is easy to topple over and slip, multiple so as to cause displacement fracture Position failure, and cause patient pain.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome existing traction technique to be difficult to be adjusted according to state of an illness needs, when traction, is difficult to keep correct position The shortcomings that, therefore, technical problem of the invention is: providing one kind can be adjusted according to the state of an illness, patient can be made to keep The orthopaedics of correct position increases traction table.
Implementer's case of the invention are as follows: a kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, include nursing bed, cabinet, the first sliding block, Attachment base, head protector, connecting rod, sliding axle, cover board, shift plate, first bearing seat, shaft, the first handwheel, assister bar, cylinder body, First compressed spring, connecting plate, U-shaped bar, expansion bracket, reel, bracing wire, slideway, the second compressed spring, L shape inserted link, the first spiral shell Bolt, extension arm, the second bolt, second bearing seat and arc placement plate, nursing bed middle part are equipped with cabinet, water among the bottom of box It is opened flat first sliding groove, first sliding groove inner sliding type is equipped with the first sliding block, and the first slider top is equipped with attachment base, the top of attachment base Portion is connected with head protector, and connecting rod is equipped with before and after the protector of head, and attachment base has side to be connected with sliding axle, cabinet front Middle part is horizontally opened with second sliding slot, and sliding axle passes through second sliding slot, and sliding axle front end is connected with shift plate, the bed board of nursing bed or so It is provided with through-hole, the equal rotary type of top right side of the top left side and right side through-hole of PATENT left side via is connected with cover board, and cover board is just Through-hole is covered, the backside top of sliding axle is equipped with first bearing seat, and shaft is equipped in first bearing seat, and shaft rear end passes through case Body, shaft rear end are connected with the first handwheel, and the rear side eccentric position of the first handwheel is connected with assister bar, cabinet back lower or so It is equipped with cylinder body, connecting plate is equipped in cylinder body, the rear end of connecting plate is connected with U-shaped bar, connects between rear side and connecting plate in cylinder body It is connected to the first compressed spring, U-shaped bar passes through the first compressed spring, and rotary type is connected with expansion bracket in former and later two connecting rods, The bottom of expansion bracket and the top rotary type of sliding axle connect, and the front end of shaft is connected with reel, is wound with bracing wire on reel, The top rear of sliding axle is equipped with slideway, and expansion bracket lower part right end is located in slideway, and the second compressed spring is equipped on the left of slideway, the The right end of two compressed springs is connect with expansion bracket lower part right end, and the right end of bracing wire is connect with expansion bracket lower part right end, front side connection The rear end of bar and the front end of rear side connecting rod are provided with jack vertically, are equipped with L shape inserted link in jack, the rear end of rear side connecting rod and The front end of front side connecting rod is horizontally opened with the first threaded hole, is equipped with the first bolt, the outer end of the first bolt in the first threaded hole It is connected with extension arm, the top front end of rear side L shape inserted link and the upper rear end of front side L shape inserted link are horizontally opened with the second screw thread Hole, the second threaded hole is interior to be equipped with the second bolt, and the front end of the second bolt of rear side is connected with the equal interference in rear end of the second bolt of front side There is second bearing seat, the lower end of second bearing seat is respectively connected with arc placement plate.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further include have plectrum, connecting rod, the first limited block, extension spring, fixture block and Second limited block is provided with arcuate socket, the right side of left side arcuate socket and the left side of right side arcuate socket at left and right sides of rear wall in cabinet Equal rotary type is connected with plectrum, is equipped with the first limited block above plectrum, the right side of the left and right side plectrum of left side plectrum connects It is connected to connecting rod, connecting rod passes through arcuate socket, and the top rotary type of plectrum is connected with fixture block, the second limited block, card are equipped with above fixture block Extension spring is connected between block and plectrum.
It in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further include having hollow tubing conductor, guide block, tightrope, slide plate and strut, head shield The bottom left of tool is provided with mounting hole, and mounting hole internal upper part is equipped with hollow tubing conductor, guide block is equipped in hollow tubing conductor, and guide block right part connects It is connected to tightrope, the right end of tightrope is connected with slide plate, and left upper portion is equipped with strut, strut right end and hollow tubing conductor bottom in mounting hole Portion's connection.
It in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further include having fixed block, the second sliding block, rack gear, rotation axis, gear and Two handwheels, the bottom of head protector are connected with fixed block, are provided with third sliding slot at the top of fixed block, third sliding slot inner sliding type is equipped with Second sliding block, the second slider top are equipped with rack gear, and rack gear right end is connect with slide plate lower rotation formula, the bottom rear of head protector Rotary type is equipped with rotation axis, and the front side of rotation axis is equipped with gear, wheel and rack engagement, and rotation shaft rear end is connected with second-hand Wheel.
When patient is drawn using present invention progress head or foot, patient lies low at the top of nursing bed first, Head is in the left side of nursing bed, and leg is on the right side of nursing bed, and when drawing to head, the cover board in left side is opened up, Then shift plate is stirred to the left, and when head, protector is located just at the lower section of PATENT left side via, control the first handwheel rotation can be driven Reel rotation, so that expansion bracket be driven to stretch upwards, the second compressed spring is compressed, and head protector can be driven to moving up Dynamic, when head, protector is moved upwards up to suitable position, stop operating the first handwheel, and then the U-shaped bar in control left side moves back It is dynamic, the top front end of U-shaped bar is blocked to the rear side of the first handwheel, the first compressed spring is stretched at this time, can prevent first-hand Wheel reversion, at this time can draw patient head, and after the completion of traction, control U-shaped bar no longer blocks the first handwheel, control the The reversion of one handwheel, bracing wire is relaxed, and under the action of the second compressed spring, expansion bracket retracted downward, head protector is moved down, Then cover board is covered into through-hole.When needing to draw patient leg, move right shift plate, and when head, protector is located just at When the underface of right side through-hole, the cover board on right side is opened up, the rotation of the first handwheel is then controlled, reel is driven to reel Line can drive expansion bracket to stretch upwards, and the second compressed spring is compressed, and head protector can be driven to move up, work as head Protector is moved upwards up to suitable position, and then the U-shaped bar on control right side moves backward, and the top front end of U-shaped bar is blocked first The rear side of handwheel, the first compressed spring is stretched at this time, can prevent the first handwheel from inverting, can be inserted into L shape inserted link slotting In hole, then the second bolt is screwed in the second threaded hole, arc placement plate can be fixed, then according to sick Man's Demands, The height for controlling L shape inserted link, when L shape inserted link is moved to proper height, i.e., controllable extension arm rotation screws in the first bolt In first threaded hole, the position of L shape inserted link can be fixed at this time, both feet can be placed into arc placement plate by patient, this When patient leg can be drawn, after the completion of leg in traction, by the first bolt screw out, then by L shape inserted link extract. Then control U-shaped bar no longer blocks the first handwheel, and control the first handwheel reversion, bracing wire is relaxed, in the work of the second compressed spring Under, expansion bracket retracted downward, head protector is moved down, and cover board is then covered through-hole.Aforesaid operations are repeated, it can be to disease Head part or leg are drawn.
Sliding axle to the right or can be moved to the left extruding when head, protector is moved to below the through-hole on left side perhaps right side Fixture block swings certain angle, and fixture block can block plectrum when swinging, and fixture block can block sliding axle at the same time, prevents first to slide Block can move left and right, and can fix head protector, when not needing traction, can stir connecting rod downwards, plectrum is driven to swing, Since the elastic force of extension spring acts on, fixture block can pop up reset, no longer be blocked by plectrum, the first limit block and the second limit block It can control the range that plectrum and fixture block are swung, block fixture block by rotation axis.
It is different according to the distance that head protector to be moved up the case where different patients when being drawn to head, it can Can head protector move up apart from it is bigger when, head protector will be detached from the bed board of nursing bed, it is possible to pull to the right Slide plate drives guide block to move right, contact slide plate right end can with the bed board of nursing bed always by tightrope, thus can be with It prevents the bed board of head protector and nursing bed to be detached from, cervical vertebra position is made more to have a sense of security.
Staff so that rotation axis be driven to rotate, and then can be revolved by rotating counterclockwise the second handwheel with moving gear Turn, thus band carry-over bar moves right, and rack gear will drive slide plate and move right, and when slide plate touches the bed board of nursing bed, stop Rotation stop moves the second handwheel.When not needing to be drawn, the second handwheel of control is rotated clockwise, and band moving gear rotates counterclockwise, And then be moved to the left with carry-over bar and slide plate, when slide plate is moved to the left to suitable position, stop operating the second handwheel, can incite somebody to action Head protector moves down.
The invention has the benefit that the present invention is moved up and down by controlling head protector, head is drawn, it can According to the height for adjusting head protector the case where different patients, keep patient more comfortable, it then can be by head by expansion bracket Portion's protector rises or decline, fixes sliding axle by fixture block, prevents in distraction procedure, head protector can move.Pass through Slide plate is mobile, contact slide plate can with the bed board of nursing bed top always, keeps patient pleasant in distraction procedure.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic view of the front view of the invention.
Fig. 2 is left view structural representation of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the first part schematic view of the front view of the invention.
Fig. 4 is part left view structural representation of the invention.
Fig. 5 is second of part schematic view of the front view of the invention.
Wherein, the above drawings include the following reference numerals: 1 nursing bed, 2 cabinets, 3 first sliding grooves, 4 first sliding blocks, 5 connections Seat, 6 head protector, 61 connecting rods, 7 sliding axles, 8 second sliding slots, 9 through-holes, 10 cover boards, 11 shift plates, 12 first bearing seats, 13 turns Axis, 14 first handwheels, 15 assister bars, 16 cylinder bodies, 17 first compressed springs, 18 connecting plates, 19U shape bar, 20 expansion brackets, 21 coilings Wheel, 22 bracing wires, 23 slideways, 24 second compressed springs, 25 jacks, 251L shape inserted link, 26 first threaded holes, 27 first bolts, 28 Extension arm, 29 second threaded holes, 30 second bolts, 31 second bearing seats, 32 arc placement plates, 33 arcuate sockets, 34 plectrums, 35 connect Bar, 36 first limited blocks, 37 extension springs, 38 fixture blocks, 39 second limited blocks, 40 mounting holes, 41 hollow tubing conductors, 42 guide blocks, 43 Tightrope, 44 slide plates, 45 struts, 46 third sliding slots, 461 fixed blocks, 47 second sliding blocks, 48 rack gears, 49 rotation axis, 50 gears, 51 Second handwheel.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described combined with specific embodiments below, in the illustrative examples and explanation of the invention For explaining the present invention, but it is not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, includes nursing bed 1, cabinet 2, the first sliding block 4, attachment base 5, head as shown in Figs. 1-5 Protector 6, connecting rod 61, sliding axle 7, cover board 10, shift plate 11, first bearing seat 12, shaft 13, the first handwheel 14, assister bar 15, Cylinder body 16, the first compressed spring 17, connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19, expansion bracket 20, reel 21, bracing wire 22, slideway 23, second are pressed Contracting spring 24, L shape inserted link 251, the first bolt 27, extension arm 28, the second bolt 30, second bearing seat 31 and arc placement plate 32, cabinet 2 is installed in the middle part of nursing bed 1,2 bottom by-level of cabinet is provided with first sliding groove 3, and 3 inner sliding type of first sliding groove is set There is the first sliding block 4, is equipped with attachment base 5 at the top of the first sliding block 4, the top of attachment base 5 is connected with head protector 6, head protector 6 Front and back is equipped with connecting rod 61, and attachment base 5 has side to be connected with sliding axle 7, and 2 front side middle part of cabinet is horizontally opened with second sliding slot 8, Sliding axle 7 passes through second sliding slot 8, and 7 front end of sliding axle is connected with shift plate 11, and the bed board of nursing bed 1 or so is provided with through-hole 9, left The equal rotary type of top right side of the top left side and right side through-hole 9 of side through hole 9 is connected with cover board 10, and cover board 10 is just by through-hole 9 It covers, the backside top of sliding axle 7 is equipped with first bearing seat 12, is equipped with shaft 13 in first bearing seat 12,13 rear end of shaft is worn Cabinet 2 is crossed, 13 rear end of shaft is connected with the first handwheel 14, and the rear side eccentric position of the first handwheel 14 is connected with assister bar 15, case 2 back lower of body or so is equipped with cylinder body 16, is equipped with connecting plate 18 in cylinder body 16, and the rear end of connecting plate 18 is connected with U-shaped bar 19, The first compressed spring 17 is connected in cylinder body 16 between rear side and connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19 passes through the first compressed spring 17, front and back Equal rotary type is connected with expansion bracket 20 in two connecting rods 61, and the bottom of expansion bracket 20 is connect with the top rotary type of sliding axle 7, The front end of shaft 13 is connected with reel 21, and bracing wire 22 is wound on reel 21, and the top rear of sliding axle 7 is equipped with slideway 23, 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket is located in slideway 23, and the second compressed spring 24, the right side of the second compressed spring 24 are equipped on the left of slideway 23 End is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, and the right end of bracing wire 22 is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, after front side connecting rod 61 End and the front end of rear side connecting rod 61 are provided with jack 25 vertically, are equipped with L shape inserted link 251 in jack 25, rear side connecting rod 61 Rear end and the front end of front side connecting rod 61 are horizontally opened with the first threaded hole 26, are equipped with the first bolt 27 in the first threaded hole 26, The outer end of first bolt 27 is connected with extension arm 28, the top front end of rear side L shape inserted link 251 and the top of front side L shape inserted link 251 Rear end is horizontally opened with the second threaded hole 29, is equipped with the second bolt 30, the front end of the second bolt of rear side 30 in the second threaded hole 29 The equal interference in rear end with the second bolt of front side 30 is connected with second bearing seat 31, and the lower end of second bearing seat 31 is respectively connected with arc Placement plate 32.
Embodiment 2
A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, includes nursing bed 1, cabinet 2, the first sliding block 4, attachment base 5, head as shown in Figs. 1-5 Protector 6, connecting rod 61, sliding axle 7, cover board 10, shift plate 11, first bearing seat 12, shaft 13, the first handwheel 14, assister bar 15, Cylinder body 16, the first compressed spring 17, connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19, expansion bracket 20, reel 21, bracing wire 22, slideway 23, second are pressed Contracting spring 24, L shape inserted link 251, the first bolt 27, extension arm 28, the second bolt 30, second bearing seat 31 and arc placement plate 32, cabinet 2 is installed in the middle part of nursing bed 1,2 bottom by-level of cabinet is provided with first sliding groove 3, and 3 inner sliding type of first sliding groove is set There is the first sliding block 4, is equipped with attachment base 5 at the top of the first sliding block 4, the top of attachment base 5 is connected with head protector 6, head protector 6 Front and back is equipped with connecting rod 61, and attachment base 5 has side to be connected with sliding axle 7, and 2 front side middle part of cabinet is horizontally opened with second sliding slot 8, Sliding axle 7 passes through second sliding slot 8, and 7 front end of sliding axle is connected with shift plate 11, and the bed board of nursing bed 1 or so is provided with through-hole 9, left The equal rotary type of top right side of the top left side and right side through-hole 9 of side through hole 9 is connected with cover board 10, and cover board 10 is just by through-hole 9 It covers, the backside top of sliding axle 7 is equipped with first bearing seat 12, is equipped with shaft 13 in first bearing seat 12,13 rear end of shaft is worn Cabinet 2 is crossed, 13 rear end of shaft is connected with the first handwheel 14, and the rear side eccentric position of the first handwheel 14 is connected with assister bar 15, case 2 back lower of body or so is equipped with cylinder body 16, is equipped with connecting plate 18 in cylinder body 16, and the rear end of connecting plate 18 is connected with U-shaped bar 19, The first compressed spring 17 is connected in cylinder body 16 between rear side and connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19 passes through the first compressed spring 17, front and back Equal rotary type is connected with expansion bracket 20 in two connecting rods 61, and the bottom of expansion bracket 20 is connect with the top rotary type of sliding axle 7, The front end of shaft 13 is connected with reel 21, and bracing wire 22 is wound on reel 21, and the top rear of sliding axle 7 is equipped with slideway 23, 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket is located in slideway 23, and the second compressed spring 24, the right side of the second compressed spring 24 are equipped on the left of slideway 23 End is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, and the right end of bracing wire 22 is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, after front side connecting rod 61 End and the front end of rear side connecting rod 61 are provided with jack 25 vertically, are equipped with L shape inserted link 251 in jack 25, rear side connecting rod 61 Rear end and the front end of front side connecting rod 61 are horizontally opened with the first threaded hole 26, are equipped with the first bolt 27 in the first threaded hole 26, The outer end of first bolt 27 is connected with extension arm 28, the top front end of rear side L shape inserted link 251 and the top of front side L shape inserted link 251 Rear end is horizontally opened with the second threaded hole 29, is equipped with the second bolt 30, the front end of the second bolt of rear side 30 in the second threaded hole 29 The equal interference in rear end with the second bolt of front side 30 is connected with second bearing seat 31, and the lower end of second bearing seat 31 is respectively connected with arc Placement plate 32.
It further include having plectrum 34, connecting rod 35, the first limited block 36, extension spring 37, fixture block 38 and the second limited block 39, case It is provided with arcuate socket 33 at left and right sides of rear wall in body 2, the right side of left side arcuate socket 33 and the left side of right side arcuate socket 33 rotate Formula is connected with plectrum 34, is equipped with the first limited block 36, the right side of the left and right side plectrum 34 of left side plectrum 34 above plectrum 34 It is respectively connected with connecting rod 35, connecting rod 35 passes through arcuate socket 33, and the top rotary type of plectrum 34 is connected with fixture block 38, sets above fixture block 38 There is the second limited block 39, extension spring 37 is connected between fixture block 38 and plectrum 34.
Embodiment 3
A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, includes nursing bed 1, cabinet 2, the first sliding block 4, attachment base 5, head as shown in Figs. 1-5 Protector 6, connecting rod 61, sliding axle 7, cover board 10, shift plate 11, first bearing seat 12, shaft 13, the first handwheel 14, assister bar 15, Cylinder body 16, the first compressed spring 17, connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19, expansion bracket 20, reel 21, bracing wire 22, slideway 23, second are pressed Contracting spring 24, L shape inserted link 251, the first bolt 27, extension arm 28, the second bolt 30, second bearing seat 31 and arc placement plate 32, cabinet 2 is installed in the middle part of nursing bed 1,2 bottom by-level of cabinet is provided with first sliding groove 3, and 3 inner sliding type of first sliding groove is set There is the first sliding block 4, is equipped with attachment base 5 at the top of the first sliding block 4, the top of attachment base 5 is connected with head protector 6, head protector 6 Front and back is equipped with connecting rod 61, and attachment base 5 has side to be connected with sliding axle 7, and 2 front side middle part of cabinet is horizontally opened with second sliding slot 8, Sliding axle 7 passes through second sliding slot 8, and 7 front end of sliding axle is connected with shift plate 11, and the bed board of nursing bed 1 or so is provided with through-hole 9, left The equal rotary type of top right side of the top left side and right side through-hole 9 of side through hole 9 is connected with cover board 10, and cover board 10 is just by through-hole 9 It covers, the backside top of sliding axle 7 is equipped with first bearing seat 12, is equipped with shaft 13 in first bearing seat 12,13 rear end of shaft is worn Cabinet 2 is crossed, 13 rear end of shaft is connected with the first handwheel 14, and the rear side eccentric position of the first handwheel 14 is connected with assister bar 15, case 2 back lower of body or so is equipped with cylinder body 16, is equipped with connecting plate 18 in cylinder body 16, and the rear end of connecting plate 18 is connected with U-shaped bar 19, The first compressed spring 17 is connected in cylinder body 16 between rear side and connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19 passes through the first compressed spring 17, front and back Equal rotary type is connected with expansion bracket 20 in two connecting rods 61, and the bottom of expansion bracket 20 is connect with the top rotary type of sliding axle 7, The front end of shaft 13 is connected with reel 21, and bracing wire 22 is wound on reel 21, and the top rear of sliding axle 7 is equipped with slideway 23, 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket is located in slideway 23, and the second compressed spring 24, the right side of the second compressed spring 24 are equipped on the left of slideway 23 End is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, and the right end of bracing wire 22 is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, after front side connecting rod 61 End and the front end of rear side connecting rod 61 are provided with jack 25 vertically, are equipped with L shape inserted link 251 in jack 25, rear side connecting rod 61 Rear end and the front end of front side connecting rod 61 are horizontally opened with the first threaded hole 26, are equipped with the first bolt 27 in the first threaded hole 26, The outer end of first bolt 27 is connected with extension arm 28, the top front end of rear side L shape inserted link 251 and the top of front side L shape inserted link 251 Rear end is horizontally opened with the second threaded hole 29, is equipped with the second bolt 30, the front end of the second bolt of rear side 30 in the second threaded hole 29 The equal interference in rear end with the second bolt of front side 30 is connected with second bearing seat 31, and the lower end of second bearing seat 31 is respectively connected with arc Placement plate 32.
It further include having plectrum 34, connecting rod 35, the first limited block 36, extension spring 37, fixture block 38 and the second limited block 39, case It is provided with arcuate socket 33 at left and right sides of rear wall in body 2, the right side of left side arcuate socket 33 and the left side of right side arcuate socket 33 rotate Formula is connected with plectrum 34, is equipped with the first limited block 36, the right side of the left and right side plectrum 34 of left side plectrum 34 above plectrum 34 It is respectively connected with connecting rod 35, connecting rod 35 passes through arcuate socket 33, and the top rotary type of plectrum 34 is connected with fixture block 38, sets above fixture block 38 There is the second limited block 39, extension spring 37 is connected between fixture block 38 and plectrum 34.
It further include having hollow tubing conductor 41, guide block 42, tightrope 43, slide plate 44 and strut 45, the bottom left of head protector 6 is opened There is mounting hole 40,40 internal upper part of mounting hole is equipped with hollow tubing conductor 41, and guide block 42, the connection of 42 right part of guide block are equipped in hollow tubing conductor 41 Have tightrope 43, the right end of tightrope 43 is connected with slide plate 44, and left upper portion is equipped with strut 45 in mounting hole 40,45 right end of strut with The connection of 41 bottom of hollow tubing conductor.
Embodiment 4
A kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, includes nursing bed 1, cabinet 2, the first sliding block 4, attachment base 5, head as shown in Figs. 1-5 Protector 6, connecting rod 61, sliding axle 7, cover board 10, shift plate 11, first bearing seat 12, shaft 13, the first handwheel 14, assister bar 15, Cylinder body 16, the first compressed spring 17, connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19, expansion bracket 20, reel 21, bracing wire 22, slideway 23, second are pressed Contracting spring 24, L shape inserted link 251, the first bolt 27, extension arm 28, the second bolt 30, second bearing seat 31 and arc placement plate 32, cabinet 2 is installed in the middle part of nursing bed 1,2 bottom by-level of cabinet is provided with first sliding groove 3, and 3 inner sliding type of first sliding groove is set There is the first sliding block 4, is equipped with attachment base 5 at the top of the first sliding block 4, the top of attachment base 5 is connected with head protector 6, head protector 6 Front and back is equipped with connecting rod 61, and attachment base 5 has side to be connected with sliding axle 7, and 2 front side middle part of cabinet is horizontally opened with second sliding slot 8, Sliding axle 7 passes through second sliding slot 8, and 7 front end of sliding axle is connected with shift plate 11, and the bed board of nursing bed 1 or so is provided with through-hole 9, left The equal rotary type of top right side of the top left side and right side through-hole 9 of side through hole 9 is connected with cover board 10, and cover board 10 is just by through-hole 9 It covers, the backside top of sliding axle 7 is equipped with first bearing seat 12, is equipped with shaft 13 in first bearing seat 12,13 rear end of shaft is worn Cabinet 2 is crossed, 13 rear end of shaft is connected with the first handwheel 14, and the rear side eccentric position of the first handwheel 14 is connected with assister bar 15, case 2 back lower of body or so is equipped with cylinder body 16, is equipped with connecting plate 18 in cylinder body 16, and the rear end of connecting plate 18 is connected with U-shaped bar 19, The first compressed spring 17 is connected in cylinder body 16 between rear side and connecting plate 18, U-shaped bar 19 passes through the first compressed spring 17, front and back Equal rotary type is connected with expansion bracket 20 in two connecting rods 61, and the bottom of expansion bracket 20 is connect with the top rotary type of sliding axle 7, The front end of shaft 13 is connected with reel 21, and bracing wire 22 is wound on reel 21, and the top rear of sliding axle 7 is equipped with slideway 23, 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket is located in slideway 23, and the second compressed spring 24, the right side of the second compressed spring 24 are equipped on the left of slideway 23 End is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, and the right end of bracing wire 22 is connect with 20 lower part right end of expansion bracket, after front side connecting rod 61 End and the front end of rear side connecting rod 61 are provided with jack 25 vertically, are equipped with L shape inserted link 251 in jack 25, rear side connecting rod 61 Rear end and the front end of front side connecting rod 61 are horizontally opened with the first threaded hole 26, are equipped with the first bolt 27 in the first threaded hole 26, The outer end of first bolt 27 is connected with extension arm 28, the top front end of rear side L shape inserted link 251 and the top of front side L shape inserted link 251 Rear end is horizontally opened with the second threaded hole 29, is equipped with the second bolt 30, the front end of the second bolt of rear side 30 in the second threaded hole 29 The equal interference in rear end with the second bolt of front side 30 is connected with second bearing seat 31, and the lower end of second bearing seat 31 is respectively connected with arc Placement plate 32.
It further include having plectrum 34, connecting rod 35, the first limited block 36, extension spring 37, fixture block 38 and the second limited block 39, case It is provided with arcuate socket 33 at left and right sides of rear wall in body 2, the right side of left side arcuate socket 33 and the left side of right side arcuate socket 33 rotate Formula is connected with plectrum 34, is equipped with the first limited block 36, the right side of the left and right side plectrum 34 of left side plectrum 34 above plectrum 34 It is respectively connected with connecting rod 35, connecting rod 35 passes through arcuate socket 33, and the top rotary type of plectrum 34 is connected with fixture block 38, sets above fixture block 38 There is the second limited block 39, extension spring 37 is connected between fixture block 38 and plectrum 34.
It further include having hollow tubing conductor 41, guide block 42, tightrope 43, slide plate 44 and strut 45, the bottom left of head protector 6 is opened There is mounting hole 40,40 internal upper part of mounting hole is equipped with hollow tubing conductor 41, and guide block 42, the connection of 42 right part of guide block are equipped in hollow tubing conductor 41 Have tightrope 43, the right end of tightrope 43 is connected with slide plate 44, and left upper portion is equipped with strut 45 in mounting hole 40,45 right end of strut with The connection of 41 bottom of hollow tubing conductor.
It further include having fixed block 461, the second sliding block 47, rack gear 48, rotation axis 49, gear 50 and the second handwheel 51, head The bottom of protector 6 is connected with fixed block 461, and third sliding slot 46 is provided at the top of fixed block 461, and 46 inner sliding type of third sliding slot is equipped with Second sliding block 47 is equipped with rack gear 48 at the top of second sliding block 47, and 48 right end of rack gear is connect with 44 lower rotation formula of slide plate, head protector 6 bottom rear rotary type is equipped with rotation axis 49, and the front side of rotation axis 49 is equipped with gear 50, and gear 50 is engaged with rack gear 48, 49 rear end of rotation axis is connected with the second handwheel 51.
When patient is drawn using present invention progress head or foot, patient lies low at 1 top of nursing bed first, Head is in the left side of nursing bed 1, and leg is on the right side of nursing bed 1, and when drawing to head, the cover board 10 in left side is beaten upwards It opens, then stirs shift plate 11 to the left, when head protector 6 is located just at the lower section of PATENT left side via 9, control the first handwheel 14 rotation Turn, reel 21 can be driven to rotate, so that expansion bracket 20 be driven to stretch upwards, the second compressed spring 24 is compressed, can band Dynamic head protector 6 moves up, and when head protector 6 is moved upwards up to suitable position, stop operating the first handwheel 14, then controls The U-shaped bar 19 in system left side moves backward, and the top front end of U-shaped bar 19 is blocked to the rear side of the first handwheel 14, at this time the first compression Spring 17 is stretched, and can prevent the first handwheel 14 from inverting, can draw at this time to patient head, after the completion of traction, control U-shaped bar 19 processed no longer blocks the first handwheel 14, and control the first handwheel 14 reversion, bracing wire 22 is relaxed, in the second compressed spring 24 Under the action of, 20 retracted downward of expansion bracket, head protector 6 moves down, and cover board 10 is then covered through-hole 9.When needs are to disease When people draws leg, the shift plate that moves right 11, when head protector 6 is located just at the underface of right side through-hole 9, by right side Cover board 10 open up, then control the first handwheel 14 rotation, drive reel 21 reel line 22, expansion bracket 20 can be driven Stretching, extension, the second compressed spring 24 are compressed upwards, head protector 6 can be driven to move up, when head protector 6 is moved upwards up to Suitable position, then the U-shaped bar 19 on control right side moves backward, after the first handwheel 14 is blocked in the top front end of U-shaped bar 19 Side, the first compressed spring 17 is stretched at this time, can prevent the first handwheel 14 from inverting, L shape inserted link 251 can be inserted into jack In 25, then the second bolt 30 is screwed in the second threaded hole 29, can be fixed by arc placement plate 32, then according to patient's Demand controls the height of L shape inserted link 251, and when L shape inserted link 251 is moved to proper height, i.e., controllable extension arm 28 rotates, First bolt 27 is screwed in the first threaded hole 26, the position of L shape inserted link 251 can be fixed at this time, patient can will be double-legged It is placed into arc placement plate 32, patient leg can be drawn at this time, after the completion of leg in traction, the first bolt 27 is revolved Out, then L shape inserted link 251 is extracted.Then control U-shaped bar 19 no longer blocks the first handwheel 14, controls the first handwheel 14 Reversion, bracing wire 22 is relaxed, and under the action of the second compressed spring 24,20 retracted downward of expansion bracket, head protector 6 is to moving down It is dynamic, cover board 10 is then covered into through-hole 9.Aforesaid operations are repeated, patient head or leg can be drawn.
When head protector 6 is moved to left side perhaps 9 lower section of through-hole on right side, sliding axle 7 is understood to the right or is moved to the left It squeezes fixture block 38 and swings certain angle, fixture block 38 can block plectrum 34 when swinging, and fixture block 38 can block sliding axle 7 at the same time Firmly, prevent the first sliding block 4 from can move left and right, can be fixed by head protector 6, it, can the company of stirring downwards when not needing traction Bar 35 drives plectrum 34 to swing, and since the elastic force of extension spring 37 acts on, fixture block 38 can pop up reset, no longer by plectrum 34 It blocks, the first limited block 36 and the second limited block 39 can control the range that plectrum 34 and fixture block 38 are swung, and make fixture block 38 can be with Rotation axis 49 is blocked.
It is different according to the distance that head protector 6 to be moved up the case where different patients when being drawn to head, it can Can head protector 6 move up apart from it is bigger when, head protector 6 will be detached from the bed board of nursing bed 1, it is possible to draw to the right Dynamic slide plate 44 drives guide block 42 to move right, connect 44 right end of slide plate can with the bed board of nursing bed 1 always by tightrope 43 Touching makes cervical vertebra position more have a sense of security in this way it is prevented that the bed board of head protector 6 and nursing bed 1 is detached from.
Staff can be by rotating counterclockwise the second handwheel 51, to drive rotation axis 49 to rotate, and then with movable tooth 50 rotation of wheel, thus band carry-over bar 48 moves right, and rack gear 48 will drive slide plate 44 and move right, when slide plate 44 touches nursing When the bed board of bed 1, stop operating the second handwheel 51.When not needing to be drawn, the second handwheel 51 of control is rotated clockwise, band Moving gear 50 rotates counterclockwise, and then is moved to the left with carry-over bar 48 and slide plate 44, when slide plate 44 is moved to the left to suitable position When, stop operating the second handwheel 51, can move down head protector 6.
Above-described embodiment, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention practical range, therefore all with this The equivalence changes that content described in invention claim is done should all be included within scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (4)

  1. It include nursing bed, cabinet, the first sliding block, attachment base, head protector and connecting rod 1. a kind of orthopaedics increases traction table, Cabinet is installed, bottom of box by-level is provided with first sliding groove, and it is sliding that first sliding groove inner sliding type is equipped with first in the middle part of nursing bed Block, the first slider top are equipped with attachment base, are connected with head protector at the top of attachment base, connection is equipped with before and after the protector of head Bar, characterized in that further include having sliding axle, cover board, shift plate, first bearing seat, shaft, the first handwheel, assister bar, cylinder body, One compressed spring, connecting plate, U-shaped bar, expansion bracket, reel, bracing wire, slideway, the second compressed spring, L shape inserted link, the first spiral shell The side that has of bolt, extension arm, the second bolt, second bearing seat and arc placement plate, attachment base is connected with sliding axle, in cabinet front Portion is horizontally opened with second sliding slot, and sliding axle passes through second sliding slot, and sliding axle front end is connected with shift plate, and bed board of nursing bed or so is equal It is provided with through-hole, the equal rotary type of top right side of the top left side and right side through-hole of PATENT left side via is connected with cover board, and cover board just will Through-hole covers, and the backside top of sliding axle is equipped with first bearing seat, and shaft is equipped in first bearing seat, and shaft rear end passes through case Body, shaft rear end are connected with the first handwheel, and the rear side eccentric position of the first handwheel is connected with assister bar, cabinet back lower or so It is equipped with cylinder body, connecting plate is equipped in cylinder body, the rear end of connecting plate is connected with U-shaped bar, connects between rear side and connecting plate in cylinder body It is connected to the first compressed spring, U-shaped bar passes through the first compressed spring, and rotary type is connected with expansion bracket in former and later two connecting rods, The bottom of expansion bracket and the top rotary type of sliding axle connect, and the front end of shaft is connected with reel, is wound with bracing wire on reel, The top rear of sliding axle is equipped with slideway, and expansion bracket lower part right end is located in slideway, and the second compressed spring is equipped on the left of slideway, the The right end of two compressed springs is connect with expansion bracket lower part right end, and the right end of bracing wire is connect with expansion bracket lower part right end, front side connection The rear end of bar and the front end of rear side connecting rod are provided with jack vertically, are equipped with L shape inserted link in jack, the rear end of rear side connecting rod and The front end of front side connecting rod is horizontally opened with the first threaded hole, is equipped with the first bolt, the outer end of the first bolt in the first threaded hole It is connected with extension arm, the top front end of rear side L shape inserted link and the upper rear end of front side L shape inserted link are horizontally opened with the second screw thread Hole, the second threaded hole is interior to be equipped with the second bolt, and the front end of the second bolt of rear side is connected with the equal interference in rear end of the second bolt of front side There is second bearing seat, the lower end of second bearing seat is respectively connected with arc placement plate.
  2. 2. a kind of orthopaedics as described in claim 1 increases traction table, characterized in that further include having plectrum, connecting rod, the first limit Block, extension spring, fixture block and the second limited block are provided with arcuate socket, the right side of left side arcuate socket at left and right sides of rear wall in cabinet Be connected with plectrum with the equal rotary type in left side of right side arcuate socket, be equipped with the first limited block above plectrum, the left side of left side plectrum and Connecting rod is respectively connected on the right side of the plectrum of right side, connecting rod passes through arcuate socket, and the top rotary type of plectrum is connected with fixture block, fixture block top Equipped with the second limited block, extension spring is connected between fixture block and plectrum.
  3. 3. a kind of orthopaedics as claimed in claim 2 increases traction table, characterized in that further include having hollow tubing conductor, guide block, soft Rope, slide plate and strut, the bottom left of head protector are provided with mounting hole, and mounting hole internal upper part is equipped with hollow tubing conductor, hollow tubing conductor Interior to be equipped with guide block, guide block right part is connected with tightrope, and the right end of tightrope is connected with slide plate, and left upper portion is equipped with branch in mounting hole Bar, strut right end are connect with hollow tubing conductor bottom.
  4. 4. a kind of orthopaedics as claimed in claim 3 increases traction table, characterized in that further include having fixed block, the second sliding block, tooth Item, rotation axis, gear and the second handwheel, the bottom of head protector are connected with fixed block, are provided with third sliding slot at the top of fixed block, the Three sliding slot inner sliding types are equipped with the second sliding block, and the second slider top is equipped with rack gear, and rack gear right end is connect with slide plate lower rotation formula, The bottom rear rotary type of head protector is equipped with rotation axis, and the front side of rotation axis is equipped with gear, wheel and rack engagement, rotation Shaft rear end is connected with the second handwheel.
CN201811357913.3A 2018-11-15 2018-11-15 Orthopedics increases traction table Active CN109528375B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003334207A (en) * 2002-05-20 2003-11-25 Oshima Seisakusho:Kk Traction treatment bed
CN101346111A (en) * 2005-12-26 2009-01-14 金学忠 Exercise apparatus for backbone remedy
CN202776664U (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-03-13 广州军区广州总医院 Multifunctional cervical vertebra traction bed
CN204972114U (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-20 石家庄升旺医疗器械有限公司 Platform is diagnose to cervical vertebra
CN106726057A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 安徽瑞德医疗设备制造有限公司 A kind of spine correcting and pulling equipment
CN206275755U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-06-27 张守栋 A kind of traction table
CN207125831U (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-03-23 张亮 A kind of Multifunction bone traction bed
CN108261277A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-10 赵德利 Semi-automatic kicking of lying on the back endures waist and holds head high to increase the movement dragger that grows tall

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003334207A (en) * 2002-05-20 2003-11-25 Oshima Seisakusho:Kk Traction treatment bed
CN101346111A (en) * 2005-12-26 2009-01-14 金学忠 Exercise apparatus for backbone remedy
CN202776664U (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-03-13 广州军区广州总医院 Multifunctional cervical vertebra traction bed
CN204972114U (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-01-20 石家庄升旺医疗器械有限公司 Platform is diagnose to cervical vertebra
CN206275755U (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-06-27 张守栋 A kind of traction table
CN106726057A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 安徽瑞德医疗设备制造有限公司 A kind of spine correcting and pulling equipment
CN207125831U (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-03-23 张亮 A kind of Multifunction bone traction bed
CN108261277A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-07-10 赵德利 Semi-automatic kicking of lying on the back endures waist and holds head high to increase the movement dragger that grows tall

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Inventor after: Zhao Min

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