CN109526348A - A kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation - Google Patents

A kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109526348A
CN109526348A CN201910070258.1A CN201910070258A CN109526348A CN 109526348 A CN109526348 A CN 109526348A CN 201910070258 A CN201910070258 A CN 201910070258A CN 109526348 A CN109526348 A CN 109526348A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
irrigation
valve
bag
fertilizer
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Pending
Application number
CN201910070258.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏燕
李圣菊
孙锋申
马伟顺
陈锋
李超
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Laiwu Vocational and Technical College
Original Assignee
Laiwu Vocational and Technical College
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Laiwu Vocational and Technical College filed Critical Laiwu Vocational and Technical College
Priority to CN201910070258.1A priority Critical patent/CN109526348A/en
Publication of CN109526348A publication Critical patent/CN109526348A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks, sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of fertilizer feedways for irrigation, including storage tank, rotary loader, bag hose and discharge gate, the storage tank is internally provided with rotary loader, the discharge end of the rotary loader is run through by tee tube is connected with bend pipe, the output end of the bend pipe, which runs through, is connected with bag hose, the lower part of the bag hose, which is run through, is connected with quantitative pot, the right side axial end of the bag hose is additionally provided with blower, the lower part of the quantitative pot is run through by discharge gate is connected with mixing tank, multilayer feeding pipe is provided on the inner wall of the mixing tank, device uses pneumatic conveying mode, pass through the mode of movement of pipeline closed, the problem of can making between irrigation equipment, is greatly improved, transported material material can be prevented to be stained simultaneously, it is mixed into sundries, pass through direct Bulk material, reduce packaging, fortune Defeated and terminal charges can reduce product cost to a certain extent, reduce moving component, maintenance easy to repair, automation easy to accomplish.

Description

A kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation
Technical field
The present embodiments relate to irrigation fertilizer to supply technical field, and in particular to a kind of fertilizer supply for irrigation Device.
Background technique
In China's Irrigation farming, well irrigation is widely used.Well-irrigated area's fraction is higher, with its reliable and stable water Source can irrigate in right amount crops according to agriculture requirement, convenient for management and farming, irrigated area be made to become the high yield of high yields irrespective of drought or water logging Field, according to statistics, the grain that the whole nation has more than, the industrial crops and vegetables of more than half are originated from well-irrigated area, and thus motor-pumped well fills Mode is irrigate to occupy an important position in agricultural production.In addition, underground water plays a crucial role in irrigated area.Due to underground Water is universal compared to distribution for surface water, and water intaking is easier to, and can dig a well water intaking on the spot, and many regional earth surface water sources are limited, The water demand that crop irrigation generally can not be met needs to tap ground water resources half-dried for arid as necessary make-up water source Nonirrigated farmland area, underground water are possibly even unique water, and in addition underground water source is stablized, and water quality is good, and fraction is higher, can timely and appropriate discovery It irrigates, convenient for management, scheduling is flexible, obvious effect of increasing production.
It is an emerging industry that fertilizer industry is irrigated in China's agricultural automation, and starting is just obtained than later, into the new century Rapid development is arrived.China is set by introducing advanced automatic irrigation fertilising from states such as the U.S., Japan and Italy for many years It is standby, it is constantly digested and is absorbed, energetically carry out innovative design, have been provided with complete automatic irrigation fertilizing equipment at present Research and development and production capacity, but fertigation equipment practicability is also poor.
But the existing fertilizer feedway for irrigation has the following defects,
(1) currently, the fertigation equipment needs in China need to throw irrigation equipment inside this according to fertilising Material needs to move material, and fertilising efficiency is relatively low, and is easy to generate embolism resistance due to the weight of fertilizer inside the pipeline that applies fertilizer, Lead to mechanical failure;
(2) existing fertigation equipment is easy to appear particle due to the movement of solid particle in conveyance conduit in the process Friction and collision between pipeline, particle and particle, and particle movement while along with rotation, be easy to cause delivery pipe The wear problem in road increases, and reduces the service life of conveyance conduit.
Summary of the invention
For this purpose, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation, with solve in the prior art due to Move the fertilising problem that efficiency is relatively low and the service life of conveyance conduit is short caused by material and pipeline abrasion.
To achieve the goals above, the embodiment of the present invention provides the following technical solutions,
A kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation, including storage tank, rotary loader, bag hose and discharge gate, The storage tank is internally provided with rotary loader, and the discharge end of the rotary loader is by tee tube through connection There is bend pipe, for the output end of the bend pipe through bag hose is connected with, the lower part of the bag hose, which is run through, is connected with quantitative pot, described The right side axial end of bag hose is additionally provided with blower, and the lower part of the quantitative pot is run through by discharge gate is connected with mixing tank, It is provided with multilayer feeding pipe on the inner wall of the mixing tank, quality-adjusting device, institute are also fixedly installed on the inner wall of the storage tank The PLC controller that is internally provided with of quality-adjusting device is stated, the control terminal of the PLC controller passes through control route and rotary loader It is connected, the control terminal of the rotary loader is additionally provided with flow detector.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that, the quantity of the storage tank is provided with multiple, and and is arranged in threeway Pipe lower part is additionally provided with multi-deck screen flitch on the inner wall of the storage tank.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that the rotary loader includes pedestal, charging tray and flat spring, the base The lower part of seat is provided with shock bracket, electromagnet is provided on the upper surface of the pedestal, the upper surface of the electromagnet is run through It is connected with charging tray, the surrounding of the charging tray also passes through flat spring and is fixedly connected with base-plates surface, also sets on the inner wall of the charging tray It is equipped with multilayer material path, is provided through discharge port on the inner wall of the charging tray.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that the bag hose includes bracket and filter body, the upper table of the bracket Face is fixedly installed with filter body, and controller, the top of the controller are fixedly installed on the left side of the filter body It is provided with control bracket, the control bracket is fixedly mounted on the left side of filter body, and the top of the control bracket is set It is equipped with gas bag, control valve is arranged by being provided with connecting pipe in the top of the gas bag on the outer wall of the connecting pipe, described Through injection tube is connected with, the injection tube is vertically set on the inner wall of filter body the conduction terminal of connecting pipe.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that, filter bag frame, the filter bag are provided on the inner wall of the filter body Frame is internally provided with filter bag, and U-tube manometer, institute are additionally provided between the inner wall of the filter bag and the gas outlet of filter body The front for stating filter body is additionally provided with maintenance door, and the lower part of the filter body is also fixedly installed with aggregate bin, described to gather materials The lower part of bucket and quantitative pot are through connection.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that the control terminal of the controller is also connected with pulse valve, the pulse valve The control terminal of solenoid valve is set, and the pulse valve is fixedly mounted on the front of connecting pipe.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that the discharge gate includes shell, shaft and valve, a left side for the shell Through weight arm is connected on side, the right end of the weight arm is connect with shaft vertical sliding motion, and the shaft is arranged in shell Inner wall on, the inside of the shell is additionally provided with valve, and left end and the shaft outer wall of the valve are slidably connected, the counterweight Run through on the outer surface of arm and is connected with clump weight.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that the axial end of the shaft is fixedly installed with branch by shaft end holding screw Fagging, the lower part of the support plate and valve outer wall are through connection, and the lower part of the support plate is by adjusting in screw and shell Wall is fixedly connected.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that, the control terminal and flow detector feedback link of the PLC controller, institute The control terminal for stating PLC controller is also connected with driving motor, and the output shaft of the driving motor is connected with rotary loader.
The embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that the input terminal of the driving motor is connected with frequency converter, the frequency converter Control terminal be connected with PLC controller.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to embodiment party in order to illustrate more clearly of embodiments of the present invention or technical solution in the prior art Formula or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art are briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is merely exemplary, it for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, can also basis The attached drawing of offer, which is extended, obtains other implementation attached drawings.
Structure depicted in this specification, ratio, size etc., only to cooperate the revealed content of specification, for Those skilled in the art understands and reads, and is not intended to limit the invention enforceable qualifications, therefore does not have technical Essential meaning, the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or the adjustment of size are not influencing the function of the invention that can be generated Under effect and the purpose that can reach, should all still it fall in the range of disclosed technology contents obtain and can cover.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram that embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 2 is the rotary loader structural schematic diagram that embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 3 is the bag hose structural schematic diagram that embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 4 is the discharge gate structural schematic diagram that embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 5 is the profile valve structural schematic diagram that embodiment of the present invention provides;
Fig. 6 is the control module schematic diagram that embodiment of the present invention provides.
In figure:
1- storage tank;The rotary loader of 2-;3- tee tube;4- bend pipe;5- bag hose;6- blower;7- quantitative pot;8- is unloaded Expect valve;9- mixing tank;10- feeding pipe;11- sieves flitch;12- quality-adjusting device;13- flow detector;14- driving motor;15- Frequency converter;16-PLC controller;
201- charging tray;202- pedestal;203- shock bracket;204- flat spring;205- material path;206- discharge port;207- electricity Magnet;
501- bracket;502- filter body;503- controller;504- gas bag;505- control valve;506- connecting pipe; 507- pulse valve;508- injection tube;509- filter bag frame;510- filter bag;511-U U-tube manometer;512- maintenance door;513- gathers materials Bucket;514- controls bracket;
801- shell;802- shaft;803- valve;804- weight arm;805- clump weight;806- support plate;The shaft end 807- Holding screw.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this explanation Content disclosed by book is understood other advantages and efficacy of the present invention easily, it is clear that described embodiment is the present invention one Section Example, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation, including storage tank 1, rotary confession Glassware 2, bag hose 5 and discharge gate 8, the quantity of the storage tank 1 be provided with it is multiple, and and be arranged in 3 lower part of tee tube, Multi-deck screen flitch 11 is additionally provided on the inner wall of the storage tank 1.The storage tank 1 is internally provided with rotary loader 2, The discharge end of the rotary loader 2 is by tee tube 3 through bend pipe 4 is connected with, and the output end of the bend pipe 4 is through connection There is bag hose 5, through quantitative pot 7 is connected with, the right side axial end of the bag hose 5 is additionally provided with for the lower part of the bag hose 5 Blower 6, the lower part of the quantitative pot 7, through mixing tank 9 is connected with, are arranged by discharge gate 8 on the inner wall of the mixing tank 9 There is multilayer feeding pipe 10.
In the present embodiment, more days memory requirements of fertilizer are irrigated to realize, set eight storage tanks 1 in system, each The capacity of storage tank 1 is equal to the conveying capacity of daily fertilizer, and when the fertilizer in storage tank 1 has all conveyed, enterprise issues feed Signal, fertilizer tank car timely carry out feed supplement, and the gravitation tank after supplement just can when other seven storage tanks 1 are fed It waits seven days, that is, meets the requirement of particular memory time.
In the present embodiment, the alternating that oblique tank 1 realizes each storage tank 1 by the switch of the rotary loader 2 of lower section is respectively stored up Feed, when the rotary loader 2 of a storage tank 1 is run, other each loaders are wholly off, the confession of multiple storage tanks 1 Material system belongs to the characteristics of being fed from more places to single place, meeting suction and conveying formula air-transport system just.
In the present embodiment, blower 6 is located at the end of feeding device, and when blower 6 is run, whole system forms negative pressure, certain When the loader rotation of 1 lower section of storage tank, which is fed, and the mixture of fertilizer and air is conveyed along conveying pipeline When to bag hose 5, material gas source closes object by separation dedusting, and the fertilizer separated enters in quantitative pot 7, and whole device continuously supplies During material, when the amount in quantitative pot 7 reaches quantitative setting value, rotary loader 2 is out of service, and system stops being fed, and one Quantitative fertilizer is all introduced into mixing tank 9 after the unlatching of material valve port, so far completes primary feed, this process constantly recycles It is achieved that complete feeder process.
In the present embodiment, it can be made between irrigation equipment using pneumatic conveying mode by the mode of movement of pipeline closed The problem of be greatly improved, while transported material material can be prevented to be stained, be mixed into sundries, guarantee quality of material, and then largely Upper raising product quality reduces packaging, transport and terminal charges, can reduce production to a certain extent by direct Bulk material Product cost reduces moving component, maintenance easy to repair, automation easy to accomplish, and reduces the rate of breakdown of fertilising process, Guarantee the progress actually applied fertilizer.
As shown in fig. 6, quality-adjusting device 12 is also fixedly installed on the inner wall of the storage tank 1, the inside of the quality-adjusting device 12 It is provided with PLC controller 16, the control terminal of the PLC controller 16 is connected by controlling route with rotary loader 2, institute The control terminal for stating rotary loader 2 is additionally provided with flow detector 13, the control terminal and flow detection of the PLC controller 16 13 feedback link of device, the control terminal of the PLC controller 16 are also connected with driving motor 14, the output shaft of the driving motor 14 It is connected with rotary loader 2, the input terminal of the driving motor 14 is connected with frequency converter 15, the control of the frequency converter 15 End is connected with PLC controller 16.
In the present embodiment, using a weighing sensor and impact plate type flowmeter principle, a simple impact force is made Formula flow detector 13, material enter rotary loader 2 from storage tank 1, then fall from screw conveyor, modulate entering Pass through flow detector 13 before device, according to punching of the material inclined impact on weighing sensor, the vertical force generated by Weighing sensor, which detects and the signal of its power is converted to electric signal, sends PLC controller 16 to, then is controlled by PLC controller 16 Exterior display screen is shown, while being transmitted a signal to external secondary meter and being shown current mass flow, and carrying out terminal It adjusts the driving of control executing agency and changes present flow rate.
In the present embodiment, the PLC controller 16 is controlled by PLC controller 16 and is become using the controller of FP-XH series Frequency device 15 changes the revolving speed of rotary loader 2, then changes the flow of material, using the frequency converter of CVF-G2-4T0015C type 15, realize the pid control function of closed loop.
In the present embodiment, the weighing sensor of composition flow detector 13 selects resistance strain weighing transducer, uses Full-bridge type equal arm bridge structure, and each arm parameter is consistent, so that the influence of various interference is easy to cancel out each other, improves weighing essence Degree, and using the mini turbine flowmeter of FCH-m-POM series, according to the rotation speed of turbine with changes in flow rate come detectable substance Material enters the flow of rotary loader 2.
As shown in Fig. 2, the rotary loader 2 includes pedestal 202, charging tray 201 and flat spring 204, the pedestal 202 Lower part be provided with shock bracket 203, electromagnet 207 is provided on the upper surface of the pedestal 202, the electromagnet 207 Upper surface also passes through the fixed company of flat spring 204 and 202 surface of pedestal through charging tray 201, the surrounding of the charging tray 201 is connected with It connects, multilayer material path 205 is additionally provided on the inner wall of the charging tray 201, is provided through discharge port on the inner wall of the charging tray 201 206。
In the present embodiment, rotary loader 2 generates electro-magnetic exciting force by electromagnet 207, and electromagnet 207 is by coil, rank Iron and iron core composition, iron core are fixed on pedestal 202, and armature is coupled with charging tray 201 thereon, and rotary loader 2 is main It is made of coil, magnetic pole and spring etc., according to the different of magnetic pole and magnetic field generation type and rotary loader 2 can be divided to encourage Magnetic-type and magneto.
In the present embodiment, when the coil of electromagnet 207 inputs the electric current after halfwave rectifier, can generate frequency is The magnetic force of 50Hz attracts iron core fixed on 201 bottom of charging tray, and declines together with charging tray 201, supports the plate of charging tray 201 Spring 204 be separated by 120 (if four flat springs, then between be divided into 90) and tilt installation, due to the flexible deformation of spring, While hopper declines, the torsion along spring inclined direction can be also generated, after current vanishes, electromagnetic force is reduced rapidly until being 0, under the action of the elastic deformation energy of flat spring 204, charging tray 201 rapidly changes the direction of motion, and can be more than static balance Position and reach a upper limit, be repeated under the action of electromagnetic force in this way, charging tray 201 just made to produce the vibration of high frequency a little Dynamic, the material in charging tray 201 will be moved along helical orbit, and adjustment direction in the process of moving, make material by Unified direction enters the material path of outside at the top of charging tray 201, to realize that automatic orientation is supplied.
As shown in figure 3, the bag hose 5 includes bracket 501 and filter body 502, the upper surface of the bracket 501 is fixed Filter body 502 is installed, controller 503, the controller 503 are fixedly installed on the left side of the filter body 502 Top be provided with control bracket 514, the control bracket 514 is fixedly mounted on the left side of filter body 502, the control The top of bracket 514 processed is provided with gas bag 504, and the top of the gas bag 504 is by being provided with connecting pipe 506, the connection Control valve 505 is set on the outer wall of pipeline 506, and the conduction terminal of the connecting pipe 506, which runs through, is connected with injection tube 508, described Injection tube 508 is vertically set on the inner wall of filter body 502.
In the present embodiment, controller 503 passes through control pulse valve 507 using the PLC controller of SIMATIC_S799 model To control solenoid valve 505, it is to input gas inside filter body 502 using gas bag 504, realizes inside filter body 502 Air pressure balance.
In the present embodiment, using based on the fortune in parasitic pressure drop method processing pipeline due to material and gas in controller 503 Dynamic and generation the pressure loss, thus to handle the pneumatic conveying problem in pipeline.
In the present embodiment, parasitic pressure drop method refers to the overall presure drop that generates by pipeline of material gas mixture by pipeline each section not With the pressure drop composition that the two phase flow of state generates, algorithmic formula are as follows:
ΔPt-ΔPag+ΔPs+ΔPas+ΔPg
Wherein, Δ PagThe pressure drop (Pa) generated for gas in accelerating sections;
ΔPsThe pressure drop (Pa) that solid is generated in stable section;
ΔPasThe pressure drop (Pa) that solid is generated in accelerating sections;
ΔPgThe pressure drop (Pa) that gas is generated in stable section;
In the present embodiment, piping totality crushing is decomposed into straight tube crushing and local crushing, straight tube crushing includes horizontal tube The pressure loss and the vertical tube pressure loss, the straight tube pressure loss are divided into the accelerating sections pressure loss, gravitational pressure loss, friction pressure Loss, local pressure loss are divided into for volume a general ability portion crushing, bend pipe part crushing, discharger part crushing, finally by each section The pressure loss summarizes loses up to system total pressure, and air velocity v and atmospheric density ρ in the process is dynamic change, often As soon as completing section pressure loss to solve, the air velocity v and atmospheric density ρ value when front tube position are found out, pressure is substantially increased The accuracy of costing bio disturbance result.
In the present embodiment, (1) straight tube crushing Δ Pz: the acceleration pressure loss Δ P including Dual-Phrase Distribution of Gas olidz1, friction crushing Δ Pz2、 Gravity crushing Δ Pz3
ΔPz=[1+ μ (v1/v)2]ρv2/2
In formula, v1For material conveying speed, v is the air velocity of each position in pipeline, is inversely proportional with pressure in pipeline, with Under it is various in v needs calculated according to the pressure in pipeline everywhere.
The atmospheric density of each position in ρ pipeline, it is directly proportional to pressure in pipeline, it is various below in ρ need according to everywhere Pressure in pipeline calculates.
(2) local crushing Δ PJ: including loader part crushing Δ PJ1, bend pipe local crushing Δ PJ2, discharger office Portion crushing Δ PJ3
ΔPJ1=(1+ μ) ε1ρv2/2
ΔPJ2=(1+ μ) ε2ρv2/2
ΔPJ3=(1+ μ) ε3ρv2/2
In formula, ε1Portion's resistance coefficient between loader, ε2Local loss coefficient of bend in pipeline, ε3The resistance system of discharger or deduster Number.
Overall crushing are as follows: Δ P=Δ Pz1+ΔPz2+ΔPz3+ΔPJ1+ΔPJ2+ΔPJ3
In the present embodiment, using multiple regression equation come the letter between data fitting and response inside controller 503 Number relationship, obtains the regression equation with preferable property, seeks optimal procedure parameters by the analysis to regression equation, solves Multi-variables optimum design problem, by system energy consumption response as expect gas cylinder composition and division in a proportion, air velocity function, with graph technology by this Kind functional relation shows that, using the optimal condition come in Selection experiment design is analysed in depth, reaching reduces energy consumption Purpose.
In the present embodiment, is controlled using mechanism of the controller 503 to transportation system pipe wear, it is resistance to enhance pipeline Mill property solves the wear problem in practice in production, improves system stability and service life.
As shown in figure 3, filter bag frame 509 is provided on the inner wall of the filter body 502, the filter bag frame 509 It is internally provided with filter bag 510, is additionally provided with U-tube manometer between the inner wall of the filter bag 510 and the gas outlet of filter body 502 511, the front of the filter body 502 is additionally provided with maintenance door 512, and the lower part of the filter body 502 is also fixedly installed with Aggregate bin 513, through connection, the control terminal of the controller 503 is also connected with for the lower part of the aggregate bin 513 and quantitative pot 7 The control terminal of solenoid valve 505 is arranged in pulse valve 507, the pulse valve 507, and the pulse valve 505 is fixedly mounted on communicating pipe On the front in road 506.
In the present embodiment, the material inputted by bend pipe 4 is filtered by bag hose 5, is provided using filter bag frame 509 Filter holder, the filter bag 510 made by organic or inorganic fabric filter out the dust in fluid foods from air-flow, And using controller 503 by control pulse valve 507 to the on-off of electromagnetic valve for adjusting 505, to control connecting pipe 506 On-off, the pressure size inside controlling filter body 502, entire filter device can trap non-fiber, non-sticky industry Dust and volatile matter can capture the dust that particle is 0.1 micron, can generally reach 99% or more efficiency.
As shown in figure 4, the discharge gate 8 includes shell 801, shaft 802 and valve 803, the left side of the shell 801 Through weight arm 804 is connected on face, the right end of the weight arm 804 is connect with 802 vertical sliding motion of shaft, the shaft 802 Be arranged on the inner wall of shell 801, the inside of the shell 801 is additionally provided with valve 803, the left end of the valve 803 with turn 802 outer wall of axis is slidably connected, and runs through on the outer surface of the weight arm 804 and is connected with clump weight 805.
As shown in figure 5, the axial end of the shaft 802 is fixedly installed with support plate 806 by shaft end holding screw 807, The lower part of the support plate 806 and 803 outer wall of valve are through connection, and the lower part of the support plate 806 is by adjusting screw and shell 801 inner wall of body is fixedly connected.
In the present embodiment, discharge gate 8 completes discharge process, work by the high-speed switch moment of 803 valve port of valve Principle is: the stock column of certain altitude is formed at the top of 803 valve port of valve, to guarantee having certain air-tightness, clump weight 805 with Under the action of pressure difference above and below 803 valve port of valve, 803 valve port of valve is attracted on shell 801, heap after material is separated Product is on 803 valve port of valve, and when stock column reach a certain height, material and 803 valve port gravity of valve are greater than the torque of shaft 802 When the torque that clump weight 805 generates, 803 valve port of valve and shell 801 are detached from and start 802 rotation around the shaft, and material starts at this time It draws off.
In the present embodiment, at the beginning of system opens operation, since each required fertilizer amount of mixing procedure can be different, according to reality Border needs to choose the quantitative values of quantitative pot 7, is then turned on blower 6, when system is run for the first time, needs to guarantee in each storage tank 1 Fertilizer can satisfy seven days before first job circulation (a cycle that eight storage tanks complete alternatingly feed) feed Storing time requirement selects the feed valve port below a certain reserves tank to start and is fed for system, certainly in selected storage tank Fertilizer all after the completion of supply, switches next storage tank and is fed, be simultaneously emitted by feed supplement signal, by fertilizer tank car to this Storage tank is timely fed material, so the feed of 8 fertilizer batch cans of interaction completion, in the process when the fertilizer in quantitative pot 7 When doses reaches quantitative values, signal is generated, triggering storage tank stops feed, and quantitative pot 7 waits discharging signal again, until mixing tank When needing fertilizer in 9, discharging signal is generated, the fertilizer in quantitative pot 7 is discharged into mixing tank, and after the completion of discharging, system is certainly Dynamic to generate signal, the storage tank 1 for triggering last work continues to be fed, and such whole system constantly carries out fill cycles, when needing When wanting system stalls, blower 6 is closed, system is out of service, and the inventory in system can be monitored in real time in whole system, Can instruct reasonable control of the staff to each reserves tank simultaneously, staff by configuration system to entire feeding system into Row control, strong antijamming capability, high reliablity.
Although above having used general explanation and specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, at this On the basis of invention, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, These modifications or improvements without departing from theon the basis of the spirit of the present invention are fallen within the scope of the claimed invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation, including storage tank (1), rotary loader (2), bag hose (5) and unload Expect valve (8), which is characterized in that the storing (1) is internally provided with rotary loader (2), the rotary loader (2) for discharge end by tee tube (3) through being connected with bend pipe (4), the output end of the bend pipe (4), which runs through, is connected with bag hose (5), through being connected with quantitative pot (7), the right side axial end of the bag hose (5) is additionally provided with for the lower part of the bag hose (5) Blower (6), the lower part of the quantitative pot (7) is run through by discharge gate (8) to be connected with mixing tank (9), the mixing tank (9) It is provided on inner wall multilayer feeding pipe (10), is also fixedly installed with quality-adjusting device (12) on the inner wall of the storage tank (1), it is described Quality-adjusting device (12) is internally provided with PLC controller (16), and the control terminal of the PLC controller (16) passes through control route and rotation Rotatable loader (2) is connected, and the control terminal of the rotary loader (2) is additionally provided with flow detector (13).
2. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the storage tank (1) Quantity be provided with it is multiple, and and be arranged be additionally provided with multilayer on tee tube (3) lower part, the inner wall of the storage tank (1) It sieves flitch (11).
3. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rotary feed Device (2) includes pedestal (202), charging tray (201) and flat spring (204), and the lower part of the pedestal (202) is provided with shock bracket (203), it is provided with electromagnet (207) on the upper surface of the pedestal (202), the upper surface of the electromagnet (207) is through company It is connected to charging tray (201), the surrounding of the charging tray (201) also passes through flat spring (204) and is fixedly connected with pedestal (202) surface, institute It states and is additionally provided on the inner wall of charging tray (201) multilayer material path (205), be provided through discharging on the inner wall of the charging tray (201) Mouth (206).
4. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bag hose (5) Including bracket (501) and filter body (502), the upper surface of the bracket (501) is fixedly installed with filter body (502), institute It states and is fixedly installed on the left side of filter body (502) controller (503), the top of the controller (503) is provided with control Bracket (514) processed, the control bracket (514) are fixedly mounted on the left side of filter body (502), the control bracket (514) top is provided with gas bag (504), and the top of the gas bag (504) is by being provided with connecting pipe (506), the company It threads a pipe and control valve (505) is set on the outer wall of (506), the conduction terminal of the connecting pipe (506) is through being connected with injection tube (508), the injection tube (508) is vertically set on the inner wall of filter body (502).
5. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the filter body (502) it is provided on inner wall filter bag frame (509), being internally provided with filter bag (510) for the filter bag frame (509) is described U-tube manometer (511), the filter body are additionally provided between the inner wall of filter bag (510) and the gas outlet of filter body (502) (502) front is additionally provided with maintenance door (512), and the lower part of the filter body (502) is also fixedly installed with aggregate bin (513), the lower part Yu quantitative pot (7) of the aggregate bin (513) are through connection.
6. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the controller (503) control terminal is also connected with pulse valve (507), control terminal of pulse valve (507) setting in solenoid valve (505), institute Pulse valve (505) is stated to be fixedly mounted on the front of connecting pipe (506).
7. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the discharge gate (8) include shell (801), shaft (802) and valve (803), run through on the left side of the shell (801) and be connected with weight arm (804), the right end of the weight arm (804) is connect with shaft (802) vertical sliding motion, and the shaft (802) is arranged in shell (801) on inner wall, the inside of the shell (801) is additionally provided with valve (803), the left end of the valve (803) and shaft (802) outer wall is slidably connected, and runs through on the outer surface of the weight arm (804) and is connected with clump weight (805).
8. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shaft (802) Axial end be fixedly installed with support plate (806) by shaft end holding screw (807), the lower part of the support plate (806) and valve Door (803) outer wall is fixedly connected by adjusting screw with shell (801) inner wall through connection, the lower part of the support plate (806).
9. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the PLC controller (16) control terminal and flow detector (13) feedback link, the control terminal of the PLC controller (16) are also connected with driving electricity The output shaft of machine (14), the driving motor (14) is connected with rotary loader (2).
10. a kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the driving motor (14) input terminal is connected with frequency converter (15), and the control terminal of the frequency converter (15) is connected with PLC controller (16).
CN201910070258.1A 2019-01-24 2019-01-24 A kind of fertilizer feedway for irrigation Pending CN109526348A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204933285U (en) * 2015-06-29 2016-01-06 林汉良 A kind of intelligence joins fertile machine
CN205269513U (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-06-01 辽宁理工职业学院 Chemical fertilizer dosing unit
CN205257487U (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-25 大庆高新区华美科技有限公司 A material lifting equipment for fertile production of liquid
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Application publication date: 20190329