CN109526292A - A method of it is degenerated using moss and sowing plant in conjunction with high order granule technology prevention turf - Google Patents

A method of it is degenerated using moss and sowing plant in conjunction with high order granule technology prevention turf Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109526292A
CN109526292A CN201710668488.9A CN201710668488A CN109526292A CN 109526292 A CN109526292 A CN 109526292A CN 201710668488 A CN201710668488 A CN 201710668488A CN 109526292 A CN109526292 A CN 109526292A
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China
Prior art keywords
moss
plant
seeds
turf
sowing
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CN201710668488.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
司智慧
王宏鹏
张春禹
王鹤立
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Beautiful Land (beijing) Ecological Environment Engineering Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Beautiful Land (beijing) Ecological Environment Engineering Technology Research Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710668488.9A priority Critical patent/CN109526292A/en
Publication of CN109526292A publication Critical patent/CN109526292A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant, belong to the technical field of vegetation ecological reparation.This method is combined with sowing plant using moss gametophyte and is sowed grass seeds by duster agent as novel grass seeds, this method meets natural ecology During Succession.Utilize the superiority of bryophyte, it can quickly breed under optimum conditions, and improve herbal germination percentage and cover degree, form the more stable ecosystem, the outdoor phenomenon of current turf excessive deterioration, large area ground can be prevented and treated, slope surface rock mass and vegetation substrate is accelerated to form organic whole.The soil culture medium for being more suitable for plant growth is produced by using high order granule technology, and is sowed grass seeds by duster with professional equipment, provides better guarantee for plant growth.Determine floristics according to local weather, water and soil and land occupation condition, and by filling: grass: moss=7: 2: 1 mass ratio is sowed grass seeds by duster.Realize self procreation of the artificial pressure greening to natural vegetation.The place that the invention is degenerated seriously or can not be grown for turfs such as various side slopes, infertile mountainous area, acid-base property soil.

Description

It is a kind of to combine high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant Method
Technical field
The invention discloses a kind of plants to be degenerated using high order granule technology using moss and sowing plant prevention turf Ecological recovery method belongs to the technical field of vegetation ecological reparation.
Background technique
Currently, domestic ecological slope protection plant is mostly herbaceous plant, single variety or simple grass seed mix are generallyd use. Early period, effect was pretty good, but the ecosystem thus established is quite fragile, easily goes to pot.Over time, in nutrient supply It just will appear different degrees of turf when insufficient to degenerate, the exposed phenomenon of ground.This is an extremely serious problem, finally may be used It can cause the adverse consequences such as soil erosion, slope surface collapsing.
Therefore the invention solves presently, there are the problem of, prevention and treatment side slope grass degenerated.A kind of moss is provided and sowing is planted The mixed seeding grass seeds that object combines simulates local structure of plant community as far as possible, revegetation is made to move towards ecological natural succession Journey.Establishing one has bio-diversity and the stereo ecological group stable, vitality is strong.The selection and configuration of vegetable seeds The road that localization should be walked, it is appropriate to introduce the wild plant for being suitable for local growth conditions using zonal vegetation, indigenous plant as keynote Object and exotic plant.New approach is opened up for the ecological protection in mine and scenic spot engineering slope.
The important measures that prevention and treatment side slope turf is degenerated are exactly that shrub is added in herbosa, form the stabilization that shrub combines Three-dimensional complex ecological system.Herbaceous plant can only consolidate topsoil, the stability without being able to maintain entire soil layer.And shrub root System is flourishing, and the matting of roots of shrub ecology planting layer can prevent erosion with slope surface at rock-steady structure across collapsing to the maximum extent. However neither have advantage of the bryophyte as side slope pionner.
Moss is different from other plants, for natural or Human disturbance postcondition is severe slope surface location, bryophyte It is that optimum vegetation ecological restores vegetable material.It can absorb moisture and nutrient from air, can not only be detained nutrient, from And preservation of fertility;There are also powerful abilities of conserving water and soil, and rainfall can be blocked to prevent water and soil to the direct impact of earth on ground It is lost.In addition to this, slope surface rock acidolysis is gradually formed abundant soil by the acidic materials that bryophyte can use its secretion Earth layer provides good upper layer condition for herbal further growth.Bryophyte is rapid with the unique advantage of its own The microenvironment for improving ground, becomes the only selection of side slope protection pionner.
The existing alien earth sparging combined using sowing or mixed grass spraying are constructed, and grass seeds and shrub species can be carried out Mixed seeding, protected in early days with lawn based on, the later period is constructed shrub stereoscopic protective ecosystem, reaches recovery based on being protected with shrub The purpose of natural vegetation.But selected plant is mostly the herbaceous plant introduced from foreign countries, and ignores better adaptability, is easier to In forming good symbiosis, the indigenous plant kind of stable community structure with local other biological.
High order granule spray seeding technique is a kind of more advanced method of sowing grass seeds by duster, it is more preferable than common alien earth sparging effect.Its Using the hydroseeding equipment of profession, by professional in the steep bare rock side slope of height for being destroyed vegetation (including slight slope, shotcrete slope Face), moment produces " soil culture medium " with most excellent properties.This " artificial soil " is similar to " bee with stable The crumb structure of nest ", existing water-retaining property, nutrient preserving capability, and have water penetration, gas permeability, moreover it is possible to it is effective against weathering and wind erosion, is prevented Soil erosion.Therefore " soil culture medium " that this technology produces has good water and soil conservation ability, provides for plant growth Best guarantee, can make the side slope quickly form ideal phytobiocoenose.This technology can not only cultivate firm side slope, also Harmonious ecoscape effect can be formed with surrounding enviroment, can be effectively prevented soil erosion, be improved side slope safety.With The passage of time, this side slope protection function show further, while can purify air, beautification landscape, restore the ecological balance.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of vegetation ecological restoration methods using bryophyte, solve prior art application The turf degenerate problem occurred after several years.Primary succession rule and endemic plant structure of community are followed, is formed with stable Soil aggregate structure, quickly and efficiently restore and stable phytocoenosium, and establish meet local condition multiplicity and stable ecology System, reach beautify the environment, the long-term goal of the ecological balance and sustainable development.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme is that
A method of it is degenerated using moss and sowing plant in conjunction with high order granule technology prevention turf, which is characterized in that The following steps are included:
Step 1: potential geologic hidden peril, linked network are eliminated in cleaning, smooth slope surface;
Step 2: material being added to the hydroseeding equipment of profession according to certain proportion, is existed using high order granule spray seeding technique Side slope surface is sowed grass seeds by duster about 8 centimetres of soil horizons of thickness, and being formed has the soil incubation matrix for stablizing " cellular " crumb structure;
Step 3: the hydroseeding equipment of suitable local growth conditions and the careless shrub seeds profession of resistance by force being selected to carry out It sows grass seeds by duster, in soil incubation primary surface, forms about 2 centimetres of thickness of sowing seed layer;
Step 4: the moss gametophyte for selecting local drought tolerance strong is sowed grass seeds by duster with professional equipment in seed layer surface, is formed thick The moss layer of about 1 centimetre of degree;
Step 5: late maintaining being carried out to unearthed seedling using pipe irrigation projects such as spray irrigation systems.
Plant growth soil culture medium described in above-mentioned steps 2 is made of each material of following volumes ratio, and clay 25%~ 32%;Microbial bacterial agent 0.13%~0.18%;Organic matter 30%~35%;Lignocellulose plant fibre 10%~25%;Stabilizer 3%~5%;Water-retaining agent 3%~5%;High order granule agent 0.05%~0.095%;More content compound fertilizers 3%~5%;Clear water 26%~40%.
Shrub seeds in the strong vegetable seeds of resistance described in above-mentioned steps 3 and 4, herbaceous seeds, moss gametophyte Mass ratio is 7: 2: 1.Every square meter shrub seeds weight is 28g~42g in vegetable seeds, and herbaceous seeds weight is 8g~12g, tongue fur Moss gamete body weight is 4~6g.
The strong plant species of resistance described in above-mentioned steps 3 and 4 includes but is not limited to that the north: herbaceous plant includes meadow In combination of any two or more in annual bluegrass, rye grass, crowtoe, Festuca Arundinacea, pulse family sainfoin and facet syndrom;It fills Wood plant includes false indigo, fevervine, Euonymus Kiautschovicus Loes, the in combination of any two or more in Polygonum aubertii.South: draft Plant includes Bermuda, rye grass, Festuca Arundinacea;Shrub plant include mountain green soy bean, pigeonpea, white popinac, false indigo, spend more lily magnolia, In combination of any two or more in akeake.
The strong moss type of resistance described in above-mentioned steps 4 includes but is not limited to true moss, turns round mouth moss, gravelstone moss, cucurbit Moss, thorn leaf wall moss.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) bryophyte that this method is added plays the role of promoting herbaceous plant germination and growth, under equal conditions, plant Object growth and afforestation effect are more preferable;
(2) high order granule technology can form the soil culture medium for having identical crumb structure with nature surface soil, be formed Vegetation be not easy to fail, ensure that the permanence of greening, realize the artificial smooth succession for forcing greening to primordial plant group;
(3) it is irreplaceable can to play some other plants for pionner of the bryophyte as draft and xylophyta Effect.If bryophyte has the moisture holding capacity and stronger erosion-resisting characteristics bigger than herbaceous plant, and bryophyte is accumulated Tired nutrient element is stable to maintenance system and plant growth is of great significance;
(4) road of localization is walked in the selection and configuration of vegetable seeds, while considering the knot of shallow rooted plant and deep rooting plant It closes, the combination of leguminous plant and non-leguminous plant, so that plant is suitable for local climate and combine together with natural vegetation, establish one It is a to there is bio-diversity and the stereo ecological group stable, vitality is strong.
Detailed description of the invention
Agent of sowing grass seeds by duster of the invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is that vegetable seeds and soil culture medium are layered schematic diagram of sowing grass seeds by duster
Wherein: 1 is about 1cm thick coating moss with sublayer, and 2 be about 2cm thickness sowing seed layer, and 3 be about 8cm thickness soil culture medium.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further details with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
Embodiment 1
Vegetation establishment is carried out in certain northern rock slope, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: potential geologic hidden peril, linked network are eliminated in cleaning, smooth slope surface.
Step 2: sowing grass seeds by duster about 8 centimetres of plant growth soil culture medium on side slope surface, formed to have and stablize excellent granule knot The plant growth medium of structure.Its proportion is as follows:
Clay, 0.3m3;Organic matter, 0.45m3;Plant fiber, 0.2m3;Stabilizer, 0.04m3;High order granule agent, 0.005m3;More content compound fertilizers, 0.038m3;Clear water, 0.6m3;Vegetable seeds, 0.036m3;Moss gametophyte, 0.02m3
Step 3: the strong vegetable seeds combination artificial soil of selection resistance is sowed grass seeds by duster in plant growth soil incubation base table Face forms about 2 centimetres of thickness of seed layer.Vegetable seeds proportion is as follows:
English grass, 4g;Crowtoe, 4g;Facet syndrom, 3g;False indigo, 6g;
Locust tree, 8g;Euonymus Kiautschovicus Loes, 8g;Caragana microphylla, 5g;Shrub lespedeza, 5g.
Step 4: the strong moss gametophyte of selection resistance is sowed grass seeds by duster in seed layer surface, and about 1 centimetre of thickness of moss is formed Layer.Moss proportion is as follows:
True moss, 3g;Turn round mouth moss, 2g;Gravelstone moss 1g.
Step 5: late maintaining being carried out to unearthed seedling using pipe irrigation projects such as spray irrigation systems.
Start regular wet curing after 3 days, routine observation vegetation growing way meets northern arid season, the first month water supplement 4~5 It is secondary, solar heat protection evil.In addition to wanting sprinkling maintenance, for the difference of physical condition and design requirement, Various Seasonal top dressing is carried out.
Implementation result: bryophyte promotes the effect of herbaceous plant germination and growth obvious, after sowing grass seeds by duster 18 days, germination Rate about 80%, side slope vegetation coverage is up to 80% or more after 3 months.Stablized using the later period side slope vegetation of the method, resistance By force, side slope vegetation is dense, in bright gay color, and coverage is more than 90%.By growth in 2 years, the preliminary shape of sowing vegetation in side slope At local some autochthons start intyrusive, and side slope part plantation varieties are voluntarily multiplied.On slope vegetation should not refinement it is thin It fosters, essentially low level management.The group that various plants are constituted meets primary succession rule, and steadily in the long term, vegetable layer is not bright Aobvious degradation phenomena has apparent economic, society and environmental benefit.
Embodiment 2
Vegetation establishment is carried out in certain southern rock slope, comprising the following steps:
Step 1: potential geologic hidden peril, linked network are eliminated in cleaning, smooth slope surface.
Step 2: sowing grass seeds by duster about 8 centimetres of plant growth soil culture medium on side slope surface, formed to have and stablize excellent granule knot The plant growth medium of structure.Its proportion is as follows:
Clay, 0.26m3;Organic matter, 0.4m3;Plant fiber, 0.25m3;Stabilizer, 0.04m3;High order granule agent, 0.005m3;More content compound fertilizers, 0.04m3;Clear water, 0.5m3;Vegetable seeds, 0.04m3;Moss gametophyte, 0.02m3
Step 3: the strong vegetable seeds combination artificial soil of selection resistance is sowed grass seeds by duster in plant growth soil incubation base table Face forms about 2 centimetres of thickness of seed layer.Vegetable seeds proportion is as follows:
Bermuda, 4g;Rye grass, 4g;Festuca Arundinacea, 3g;Mountain green soy bean, 10g;Pigeonpea, 8g;
White popinac, 5g;False indigo, 4g;Spend more lily magnolia, 4g;Akeake, 5g.
Step 4: the strong moss gametophyte of selection resistance is sowed grass seeds by duster in seed layer surface, and about 1 centimetre of thickness of moss is formed Layer.Moss proportion is as follows:
Herba Funariae Hygrometricae, 3g;Pierce leaf wall moss, 3g.
Step 5: late maintaining being carried out to unearthed seedling using pipe irrigation projects such as spray irrigation systems.
Start regular wet curing after 3 days, routine observation vegetation growing way takes timely measure prevention and treatment pest and disease damage.South is more Rain covers non-woven fabrics after completion of sowing grass seeds by duster in time, in case rain drop erosion, causes material loss of sowing grass seeds by duster.Seed is caused to be lost timely It reseeds.In addition to wanting sprinkling maintenance, for the difference of physical condition and design requirement, Various Seasonal top dressing is carried out.
Implementation result: bryophyte promotes the effect of herbaceous plant germination and growth obvious, after sowing grass seeds by duster 12 days, germination Rate about 75%, side slope vegetation coverage is up to 88% or more after 3 months.Stablized using the later period side slope vegetation of the method, resistance By force, side slope vegetation is dense, in bright gay color, and coverage is more than 95%.Side slope part plantation varieties are voluntarily multiplied.Vegetation on slope Should not refinement carefully foster, essentially low level management.The group that various plants are constituted meets primary succession rule, steadily in the long term, plants Tegillum does not have significant degradation phenomenon, has apparent economic, society and environmental benefit.
The foregoing is merely the practicable examples of the present invention, and not thereby limiting the scope of the invention, all With equivalence changes made by present specification, it is intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of method for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant, which is characterized in that packet Include following steps:
Step 1: potential geologic hidden peril, linked network are eliminated in cleaning, smooth slope surface;
Step 2: material being added to the hydroseeding equipment of profession according to certain proportion, using high order granule spray seeding technique in side slope Surface is sowed grass seeds by duster about 8 centimetres of soil horizons of thickness, and being formed has the soil incubation matrix for stablizing " cellular " crumb structure;
Step 3: select the hydroseeding equipment of suitable local growth conditions and the careless shrub seeds profession of resistance by force to sow grass seeds by duster, In soil incubation primary surface, about 2 centimetres of thickness of sowing seed layer is formed;
Step 4: the moss gametophyte for selecting local drought tolerance strong is sowed grass seeds by duster in seed layer surface with professional equipment, forms thickness about 1 Centimetre moss layer;
Step 5: late maintaining being carried out to unearthed seedling using pipe irrigation projects such as spray irrigation systems.
2. the method for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant as described in claim 1, It is characterized in that, the artificial soil culture substrate is made of each material of following volumes ratio, clay 25%~32%;Microorganism Microbial inoculum 0.13%~0.18%;Organic matter 30%~35%;Lignocellulose plant fibre 10%~25%;Stabilizer 3%~5%;It protects Aqua 3%~5%;High order granule agent 0.05%~0.095%;More content compound fertilizers 3%~5%;Clear water 26%~40%.
3. the method for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant as described in claim 1, It is characterized in that, the quality proportioning of shrub seeds in the vegetable seeds, herbaceous seeds, moss gametophyte is 7: 2: 1.
4. the side for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant as described in claim 1 and 3 Method, which is characterized in that in the vegetable seeds every square meter shrub seeds weight be 28g~42g, herbaceous seeds weight be 8g~ 12g, moss gamete body weight are 4~6g.
5. the method for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant as described in claim 1, It is characterized in that, the sowing seed layer should also include suitable water-retaining agent, adhesive and compound fertilizer in addition to sowing seed Deng.
6. the method for combining high order granule technology prevention turf to degenerate using moss and sowing plant as described in claim 1, It is characterized in that, the moss layer should also include suitable water-retaining agent, adhesive and compound fertilizer etc. in addition to moss gametophyte.
CN201710668488.9A 2017-08-04 2017-08-04 A method of it is degenerated using moss and sowing plant in conjunction with high order granule technology prevention turf Pending CN109526292A (en)

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Cited By (4)

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CN110663397A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-01-10 重庆名图园林景观工程有限公司 High steep side slope matrix skin constraint vegetation structure
CN111183864A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-05-22 丽水市润生苔藓科技有限公司 Ecological greening construction and maintenance process for moss on exposed rock mass
CN111248034A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-06-09 丽水市润生苔藓科技有限公司 Formula and preparation method of vertical-face ecological restoration spray-seeding material
GB2584128A (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-11-25 Micropropagation Services E M Ltd Methods for cultivating Sphagnum

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2584128A (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-11-25 Micropropagation Services E M Ltd Methods for cultivating Sphagnum
CN110663397A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-01-10 重庆名图园林景观工程有限公司 High steep side slope matrix skin constraint vegetation structure
CN111183864A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-05-22 丽水市润生苔藓科技有限公司 Ecological greening construction and maintenance process for moss on exposed rock mass
CN111248034A (en) * 2020-01-19 2020-06-09 丽水市润生苔藓科技有限公司 Formula and preparation method of vertical-face ecological restoration spray-seeding material

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