CN109514629A - A kind of cutoff device and blank method - Google Patents

A kind of cutoff device and blank method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109514629A
CN109514629A CN201811413991.0A CN201811413991A CN109514629A CN 109514629 A CN109514629 A CN 109514629A CN 201811413991 A CN201811413991 A CN 201811413991A CN 109514629 A CN109514629 A CN 109514629A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blank
rotation axis
locating piece
groove
uncaria
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811413991.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109514629B (en
Inventor
邱逸奎
邱志强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Rongan Tree Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangxi Rongan Tree Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Rongan Tree Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Rongan Tree Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811413991.0A priority Critical patent/CN109514629B/en
Publication of CN109514629A publication Critical patent/CN109514629A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109514629B publication Critical patent/CN109514629B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D1/00Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor
    • B26D1/01Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work
    • B26D1/12Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis
    • B26D1/25Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member
    • B26D1/26Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member moving about an axis substantially perpendicular to the line of cut
    • B26D1/28Cutting through work characterised by the nature or movement of the cutting member or particular materials not otherwise provided for; Apparatus or machines therefor; Cutting members therefor involving a cutting member which does not travel with the work having a cutting member moving about an axis with a non-circular cutting member moving about an axis substantially perpendicular to the line of cut and rotating continuously in one direction during cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27JMECHANICAL WORKING OF CANE, CORK, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27J1/00Mechanical working of cane or the like

Abstract

The present invention provides the cutoff device and blank method that a kind of pair of uncaria carries out blank.Uncaria includes vertical bar and the hook portion that is set on vertical bar.Cutoff device includes the locating piece in rack, actuator, the rotation axis connecting with actuator, the multiple blank blades being installed in rotation axis, cutter groove part and rotational installation rack.Actuator and cutter groove part are fixed in rack.The blade of multiple blank blades is not in the same plane.Cutter groove part is concavely provided with cutter groove corresponding with each blank blade, and offers the feed channel being connected to each cutter groove.Cutter groove part is concavely provided with the locating slot between two cutter grooves.Locating piece is concavely provided with a groove that can be selectively contained in locating slot.When groove is contained in locating slot, limiting slot is formed between groove and locating slot, hook portion, which reaches limiting slot, to be passed through.Actuator drives rotation axis rotation to drive blank blade to cut off vertical bar.After the completion of blank, vertical bar is fallen naturally by feed channel, and by the remotely located slot of groove, hook portion is fallen.

Description

A kind of cutoff device and blank method
[technical field]
The present invention relates to field of mechanical technique, and in particular to a kind of cutoff device and blank method.
[background technique]
Uncaria includes vertical bar and the hook portion that is arranged at intervals on vertical bar, is needed in use process by hook portion on uncaria and straight Item cutting separation, and vertical bar is segmented.Conventional method carries out blank to uncaria manually using blank scissors using artificial, with Realize by uncaria vertical bar and hook portion cut off, and manually vertical bar is segmented.The problem of to improve artificial blank low efficiency, Blank is carried out using mechanical cutoff device at present, which includes conveyer belt and cutter, and conveyer belt is for transporting hook Rattan, cutter are used to carry out blank to uncaria.In the operation of this blank, the start and stop of manual control conveyer belt are needed, conveyer belt is worked as When uncaria is transported under cutter, manually conveyer belt is stopped, cutter progress blank, after the completion of blank, opens conveyer belt, Material is transported to designated position.In above process, whether uncaria send to by manual confirmation, being easy there are error at cutter, If uncaria stand and theoretical position error it is larger, cutter be easy hook portion is cut it is bad, and the material cut out every time it Between error it is larger.
[summary of the invention]
In view of the above problems, it is necessary to which uncaria can be carried out automatically when carrying out blank to uncaria by providing one kind Positioning, is cut bad cutoff device and blank method to avoid hook portion.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:
A kind of cutoff device, for carrying out blank to uncaria, which includes vertical bar and the hook portion that is set on the vertical bar, The cutoff device includes rack, actuator, rotation axis, blank set of blades and cutter groove part, and the actuator and the cutter groove part are fixed on In the rack, which connect with the actuator, which includes multiple blank blades, between multiple blank blades Every being installed in the rotation axis, and the blade of blank blade is not in the same plane, on the cutter groove part it is recessed be formed with it is each The blank blade one-to-one cutter groove offers feed channel on the cutter groove part, which is connected to each cutter groove, the knife Slotware is recessed with locating slot, which is located between two cutter grooves, which further includes being pivotally mounted to the machine Locating piece on frame, recessed on the locating piece to be formed with a groove, which can selectively be contained in the locating slot, when When the groove is contained in the locating slot, it is formed with limiting slot between the groove and the locating slot, which can pass through the limit Position slot, the hook portion cannot pass through, at this point, the actuator drives rotation axis rotation to drive each blank blade straight to this Item is cut off.
The cutoff device further includes the impeller that one end is fixed in the rotation axis, when the groove of the locating piece is contained in this When in locating slot, the one end of the impeller far from the rotation axis be greater than at a distance from the rotation axis locating piece and the rotation axis it Between vertical range, after the completion of blank, which drives the impeller to push locating piece movement so that the locating piece is close One end of groove is directed away from the direction movement of the locating slot.
The cutoff device further includes snap-gauge axis, which is rotatably installed in the rack by the snap-gauge axis, should Reset spring is provided in snap-gauge axis.
Along the feedstock direction of the uncaria, the blade power of multiple blank blades is to successively sloping inwardly.
The cutoff device further include loaded in the rack feeding funnel and feeding rolling, feeding funnel perforation opens up one, and be located at should Feed channel above feed channel, feeding rolling are partially housed in the feed channel, and between feeding rolling and the feeding funnel inner wall It is formed with gap.
The present invention also provides a kind of blank method using above-mentioned cutoff device, the blank method the following steps are included:
Step (1): the uncaria is sent into the feed channel;
Step (2): the groove on the locating piece is contained in the locating slot, is formed between the groove and the locating slot Limiting slot, when the hook portion of the uncaria reaches the limiting slot, which cannot be by the limiting slot, to position to the uncaria;
Step (3): the actuator drives rotation axis rotation to drive each blank blade to cut the vertical bar It is disconnected;
Step (4): after the completion of blank, which is fallen naturally by the feed channel, by the locating piece close to the one of the groove It holds far from the locating slot, until the hook portion can pass through, which is fallen.
The cutoff device further includes the impeller that one end is fixed in the rotation axis, when the groove of the locating piece is contained in this When in locating slot, the one end of the impeller far from the rotation axis be greater than at a distance from the rotation axis locating piece and the rotation axis it Between vertical range, the method for the step (4) are as follows: the rotation axis drive the impeller push the locating piece movement so that the positioning Part is moved close to the direction that one end of groove is directed away from the locating slot, until the hook portion can pass through.
Along the feedstock direction of the uncaria, the blade power of multiple blank blades is to successively sloping inwardly, the method for the step (3) Are as follows: each blank blade successively carries out blank to the vertical bar.
The cutoff device further include loaded in the rack feeding funnel and feeding rolling, feeding funnel perforation opens up one, and be located at should Feed channel above feed channel, feeding rolling are partially housed in the feed channel, and between feeding rolling and the feeding funnel inner wall It is formed with gap, the method for the step (1) are as follows: the uncaria is put into the feed channel, which is sent by feeding rolling should be into In material path.
Due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, the invention has the following advantages:
Using cutoff device of the invention and blank method, the groove of locating piece can selectively be contained in the locating slot In, when the groove of locating piece is contained in locating slot, limiting slot is formed between the groove and locating slot.It is big due to limiting slot It is small to be not enough to that hook portion be passed through by vertical bar, so that when the groove of locating piece is contained in locating slot, uncaria energy It is enough positioned automatically, so that uncaria, when being in positioning states, blank blade cuts off the vertical bar of uncaria.Due to the hook portion of uncaria Positioning is remained during blank blade blank, and far from blank blade, cuts bad hook portion so as to avoid blank blade.
[Detailed description of the invention]
Fig. 1 is cutoff device schematic elevation view in a better embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is schematic elevation view of the cutoff device shown in FIG. 1 when carrying out blank to uncaria.
Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view along feeding funnel axis direction of the feeding material component in cutoff device shown in FIG. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the driving assembly in cutoff device shown in FIG. 1.
Fig. 5 is the blank component decomposition diagram in cutoff device shown in FIG. 1.
Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of blank component shown in fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is that the structure of the positioning component and rotation axis, the first installation part and cutter groove part in cutoff device shown in FIG. 1 is bowed Depending on schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is positioning component and rotation axis, the structure of the first installation part and cutter groove part when impeller pushes locating piece movement Schematic top plan view.
Main element symbol description
In attached drawing, 100- cutoff device, 200- uncaria, 201- vertical bar, 203- hook portion, 10- rack, 20- feeding material component, 21- feeding funnel, 211- feed channel, 23- feeding rolling, 30- material cutting mechanism, 31- driving assembly, 311- actuator, 312- driving Wheel, 313- bearing block, 314- rotation axis, 315- driven wheel, 316- conveyer belt, 33- blank component, the first installation part of 331-, 333- blank set of blades, 3331- blank blade, the second installation part of 335-, 337- cutter groove part, 3371- feed channel, 3373- knife Slot, 3375- locating slot, 35- positioning component, 351- impeller, 352- locating piece, 3521- groove, 353- snap-gauge axis, 301- limit Position slot.
[specific embodiment]
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that it can be directly on another component when component is referred to as " being fixed on " another component Or there may also be components placed in the middle.When a component is considered as " connection " another component, it, which can be, is directly connected to To another component or it may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.When a component is considered as " being set to " another component, it It can be and be set up directly on another component or may be simultaneously present component placed in the middle.Term as used herein is " vertical ", " horizontal ", "left", "right" and similar statement for illustrative purposes only.
Unless otherwise defined, all technical and scientific terms used herein and belong to technical field of the invention The normally understood meaning of technical staff is identical.Term as used herein in the specification of the present invention is intended merely to description tool The purpose of the embodiment of body, it is not intended that in the limitation present invention.Term " and or " used herein includes one or more phases Any and all combinations of the listed item of pass.
Referring to Figure 1 and Fig. 2, a better embodiment of the invention provide a kind of cutoff device 100, the cutoff device 100 For carrying out blank to uncaria 200.In present embodiment, uncaria 200 includes vertical bar 201 and is placed equidistant on vertical bar 201 Several hook portions 203.Cutoff device 100 to uncaria 200 carry out blank when, by uncaria 200 vertical bar 201 and hook portion 203 carry out It cuts off and vertical bar 201 is segmented.The cutoff device 100 includes rack 10, feeding material component 20 and material cutting mechanism 30.Feeding group Part 20 and material cutting mechanism 30 are mounted in rack 10.Feeding material component 20 is disposed adjacent with material cutting mechanism 30.Feeding material component 20 is used It is sent into material cutting mechanism 30 in by uncaria 200.Material cutting mechanism 30 is used to carry out blank to uncaria 200 to realize uncaria 200 Vertical bar 201 cut off and be segmented vertical bar 201 with hook portion 203.
Please refer to Fig. 3, feeding material component 20 includes feeding funnel 21 and feeding rolling 23.Feeding funnel 21 is fixedly installed in rack On 10.In present embodiment, feeding funnel 21 is trumpet type shape, and the perforation of feeding funnel 21 offers a feed channel 211, and feeding funnel A hole (not shown) is provided on 21 side wall.Feeding rolling 23 is rotatably installed in rack 10, and feeding is rolled 23 parts and led to The hole crossed on feeding funnel 21 extends in the feed channel 211 of feeding funnel 21, and feeding rolling 23 be contained in the part of feed channel 211 with Certain gap is formed between the inner wall of feeding funnel 21.Feeding rolling 23 during scrolling can be by uncaria 200 by feed channel 211 It send to material cutting mechanism 30.In present embodiment, feeding rolling 23 is in the form of annular discs, and its outer ring is banister brush, so that feeding rolling 23 It is soft uniformly that dynamics is transmitted during transmitting uncaria 200, avoids changing stress due to 200 size of uncaria changes, to hook Rattan 200 plays a protective role.
Material cutting mechanism 30 includes driving assembly 31, blank component 33 and positioning component 35.Driving assembly 31 is installed on rack On 10.Blank component 33 is connect with driving assembly 31.35 adjacent driving component 31 of positioning component and blank component 33 are arranged.Please For colleague refering to Fig. 4, which includes actuator 311, driving wheel 312, bearing block 313, rotation axis 314, driven wheel 315, conveyer belt 316.Actuator 311 is fixed in rack 10, and driving wheel 312 is installed on the driving end of actuator 311.Bearing Seat 313 is fixed in rack 10, and rotation axis 314 is rotatably installed on bearing block 313.Driven wheel 315 is fixed on rotation axis On 314 one end.Conveyer belt 316 is sheathed on driving wheel 312 and driven wheel 315.When actuator 311 drives 312 turns of driving wheel When dynamic, driving wheel 312 drives driven wheel 315 to rotate by conveyer belt 316, so that rotation axis 314 be driven to rotate.Present embodiment In, actuator 311 is motor.
Please refer to Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, blank component 33 closes on rotation axis 314 and is arranged far from one end of driven wheel 315, and Blank component 33 is located at the underface of feeding material component 20.Blank component 33 includes the first installation part 331, blank set of blades 333, the Two installation parts 335 and cutter groove part 337.In present embodiment, the first installation part 331 is cylindrical, and the first installation part 331 is sheathed on On the one end of rotation axis 314 far from driven wheel 315.When rotation axis 314 rotates, rotation axis 314 drives the first installation part 331 Shaft around rotation axis 314 rotates.Blank set of blades 333 is fixed on the first installation part 331.In present embodiment, cutter Piece group 333 includes 5 blank blades 3331.5 blank blades 3331 are equidistantly fixed on along 331 rotor shaft direction of the first installation part On first installation part 331, and along the feedstock direction of uncaria 200, the blade power of 5 blank blades 3331 is to successively sloping inwardly. In present embodiment, the first installation part 331 forms cylindrical shape by 5 pieces of hollow plectane stack assembly, and 5 blank blades 3331 divide It is not fixed on corresponding hollow plectane.When rotation axis 314 rotates, rotation axis 314 drives the rotation of the first installation part 331, from And 5 blank blades 3331 is driven to rotate around the shaft of the first installation part 331.Second installation part 335 is fixed in rack 10, knife Slotware 337 is fixed on the second installation part 335.Cutter groove part 337 is substantially in barrel mast shape.In the axial direction hollow of cutter groove part 337 Part is feed channel 3371, and feed channel 3371 is located at the underface of feed channel 211, so that feeding rolling 23 is by uncaria 200 by sending Material path 211 is sent into feed channel 3371.Towards the recessed shape of axis direction of vertical cutter groove part 337 on the periphery of cutter groove part 337 The corresponding cutter groove 3373 of each blank blade 3331 of Cheng Youyu, and its recessed depth is greater than the transverse cutting face of feed channel 3371 Diameter.In present embodiment, the quantity of cutter groove 3373 is 5, to correspond with each blank blade 3331.Cutter groove group 337 Axis direction on periphery along vertical cutter groove part 337 is recessed to be formed with locating slot 3375, and locating slot 3375 is located at first knife Between slot 3373 and cutter groove 3373 adjacent thereto.Locating slot 3375 is mutually perpendicular to penetrate through with feed channel 3371.
Please refer to Fig. 7 to Fig. 8, positioning component 35 closes on rotation axis 314 and cutter groove part 337 is arranged.Positioning component 35 Including impeller 351, locating piece 352 and snap-gauge axis 353.One end of impeller 351 is fixedly installed in rotation axis 314, and Impeller 351 is driven to rotate with rotation axis 314 around 314 shaft of rotation axis when rotation axis 314 rotates.Locating piece 352 is substantially in L One end of type shape, locating piece 352 can be rotated to be installed in rack 10 by snap-gauge axis 353, and snap-gauge axis 353 and cutter groove part 337 are located at 314 two sides of rotation axis.Reset spring (not shown) is provided in snap-gauge axis 353.Locating piece 352 is far from snap-gauge axis 353 one end recessed fluted 3521.In present embodiment, groove 3521 is at V-type shape.Reset spring is fixed in nature Vertical range of the position part 352 between rotation axis 314 be less than impeller 351 far from rotation axis 314 to rotation axis 314 at a distance from, it is fixed Position part 352 is contained in locating slot 3375 close to one end of groove 3521, and formed between groove 3521 and locating slot 3375 Gap is less than the size of hook portion 203 and is greater than the size of vertical bar 201, so that hook portion 203 cannot can be led to by vertical bar 201 It crosses.In present embodiment, reset spring in the raw when, formed between groove 3521 and locating slot 3375 gap definition For limiting slot 301, limiting slot 301 is located at immediately below feed channel 211.Impeller 351 is driven to rotate when rotation axis 314 rotates, Since the vertical range between locating piece 352 and rotation axis 314 is less than the one end of impeller 351 far from rotation axis 314 to rotation axis 314 distance enables the impeller 351 after touching locating piece 352 of impeller 351 that locating piece 352 is pushed to be directed away from The direction of locating slot 3375 moves, so that reset spring be made to elongate.After impeller 351 turns over locating piece 352, in reset spring Under the action of, locating piece 352 is repositioned to nature.
When assembling, feeding funnel 21 is fixedly installed in rack 10, feeding rolling 23 is rotatably installed in rack 10, And it is partially housed in feeding rolling 23 in the feeding funnel 21, the gap between feeding rolling 23 and the feeding funnel 21 forms feed channel 211.Actuator 311 and bearing block 313 are fixed in rack 10.Driving wheel 312 is installed on to the driving end of actuator 311 On, rotation axis 314 is rotatably installed on bearing block 313.Driven wheel 315 is fixed on one end of rotation axis 314, it will Conveyer belt 316 is sheathed on driving wheel 312 and driven wheel 315.First installation part 331 is fixed in rotation axis 314.By 5 Blank blade 3331 around 331 rotation direction of the first installation part, successively be fixed on the first installation part 331 by front and back, and makes 5 blanks Blade 3331 not in the same plane, while making the rotation direction around the first installation part 331, the power of 5 blank blades 3331 to Successively it is inclined outwardly.Second installation part 335 is fixed in rack 10, cutter groove part 337 is fixed on the second installation part 335, And make the feed channel 3371 of the cutter groove part 337 immediately below feed channel 211, while make each cutter groove 3373 of cutter groove part 337 with Corresponding blank blade 3331 corresponds.Impeller 351 is fixed in rotation axis 314, by locating piece 352 far from groove 3521 one end is rotatably installed in rack 10 by snap-gauge axis 353, and makes locating piece 352 close to one end of groove 3521 It optionally extends in the locating slot 3375 of cutter groove part 337.
The blank method of blank is carried out to uncaria 200 using cutoff device 100 of the invention are as follows:
Step (1) blowing: one end of uncaria 200 is put into the feed channel 211 of feeding funnel 21.
Step (2) feeding: the vertical bar 201 of uncaria 200 is sent by feeding rolling 23 by feed channel 211 during scrolling to be fed In road 3371.
Step (3) actuator 311 drives driving wheel 312 to rotate, and driving wheel 312 drives driven wheel 315 by conveyer belt 316 Rotation, so that rotation axis 314 be driven to rotate.When rotation axis 314 rotates, blank set of blades 333 and impeller 351 are with rotation It is rotated when axis 314 rotates around the rotor shaft direction of rotation axis 314.Before the hook portion 203 on uncaria 200 is sent to locating slot 3375, In the raw, impeller 351 does not push locating piece 352 to reset spring, and groove 3521 is contained in locating slot 3375, And limiting slot 301 is formed between locating slot 3375, at this point, vertical bar 201 can be by limiting slot 301, and hook portion 203 cannot Pass through.When the hook portion 203 of uncaria 200 reaches locating slot 3375, since the hook portion 203 of uncaria 200 cannot pass through limiting slot 301, snaps into position is carried out to uncaria 200 to realize automatically.
Step (4) blank: the rotation of rotation axis 314 drives blank set of blades 333 to rotate, due to along the charging side of uncaria 200 To, 5 blank blades 3331 blade power to successively sloping inwardly, therefore 5 blank blades 3331 are successively to uncaria 200 Vertical bar 201 is cut, and 5 blank blades 3331 are remoter from feeding funnel 21 cut to the sequence that vertical bar 201 is successively cut Material blade 3331 more first cuts vertical bar 201, i.e., blank blade 3331 farthest from feeding funnel 21 cuts vertical bar at first 201, the blank blade 3331 for finally cutting vertical bar 201 is nearest from feeding funnel 21.Since locating slot 3375 is located at first knife Between slot 3373 and cutter groove 3373 adjacent thereto, therefore vertical bar 201 is limited by after the cutting of last blank blade 3331 The hook portion 203 of 301 snaps into position of slot is detached from vertical bar 201.
Step (5) automatic blanking: during blank set of blades 333 carries out blank, cut-off vertical bar 201 passes through feed channel 3371 successively fall.Referring to Fig. 8, after the completion of blank, rotation axis 314 continues to drive blank blade 3331 and impeller 351 rotations, when rotation axis 314, which drives impeller 351 to turn to impeller 351, contacts locating piece 352, due to locating piece 352 Vertical range between rotation axis 314 be less than impeller 351 far from rotation axis 314 to rotation axis 314 at a distance from, to make to push The direction that part 351 pushes locating piece 352 to be directed away from locating slot 3375 close to one end of groove 3521 moves, to make groove Gap between 3521 and locating slot 3375 increases, until the gap between groove 3521 and locating slot 3375 is greater than hook portion 203 Size, the hook portion 203 for being cut off vertical bar 201 falls.After rotation axis 314 turns over locating piece 352 with impeller 351, push away Moving part 351 no longer pushes locating piece 352.At this point, locating piece 352 is repositioned to nature under the action of reset spring, positioning Part 352 is contained in locating slot 3375 again close to one end of groove 3521, shape again between groove 3521 and locating slot 3375 At limiting slot 301.
Step (6) repeats aforesaid operations step (2) to step (5): the vertical bar 201 of remaining uncaria 200 is fed rolling 23 again Secondary to send to feed channel 3371, until hook portion 203 is limited 301 snaps into position of slot, rotation axis 314 drives blank set of blades again 333 pairs of uncarias 200 carry out blank.After the completion of blank, the promotion locating piece 352 of impeller 351 is directed away from the side of locating slot 3375 To movement, the hook portion 203 for being cut off vertical bar 201 is fallen.Until all uncarias 200 are all completed by 33 blank of blank component.
In cutoff device 100 and blank method of the invention, since the groove 3521 of locating piece 352 can be received selectively It is dissolved in the locating slot 3375, when the groove 3521 of locating piece 352 is contained in locating slot 3375, groove 3521 and locating slot Limiting slot 301 is formed between 3375.Since the size of limiting slot 301 is not enough to allow the hook portion 203 of uncaria 200 by vertical bar 201 can pass through, so that uncaria 200 can be automatic when the groove 3521 of locating piece 352 is contained in locating slot 3375 Positioning.For uncaria 200 when being in positioning states, blank blade 3331 cuts off the vertical bar 201 of uncaria 200, due to uncaria 200 Hook portion 203 remains positioning during blank 3331 blank of blade, and far from blank blade 3331, avoids cutter Piece 3331 cuts bad hook portion 203.
Further, when the groove 3521 of the locating piece 352 is contained in the locating slot 3375, the impeller 351 is remote One end from the rotation axis 314 is greater than vertical between the locating piece 352 and the rotation axis 314 at a distance from the rotation axis 314 Distance.After the completion of blank, which drives the impeller 351 to push the locating piece 352 movement so that the locating piece 352 move close to the direction that one end of groove 3521 is directed away from the locating slot 3375, to make the groove 3521 and the positioning Gap between slot 3375 becomes larger, so that the hook portion 203 cut can voluntarily be fallen, realizes blank/blanking automation.
In addition, in present embodiment, due to the feedstock direction along uncaria 200, the blade power Xiang Yi of 5 blank blades 3331 Secondary inward slant, 5 blank blades 3331 successively successively carry out blank to vertical bar 201, reduce blank blade 3331 simultaneously to straight Impact when 201 blank of item.Furthermore 5 blank blades 3331 are equidistantly fixed on along 331 rotor shaft direction of the first installation part On one installation part 331, therefore, cut-off 201 length of vertical bar is identical.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, feeding material component 20 can be omitted, and the step of blank method (2) can at this time To omit, directly uncaria 200 is put into feed channel 3371 by artificial feeding.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, conveyer belt 316 can be omitted, at this point, driving wheel 312 and driven wheel 315 For gear, driving wheel 312 is engaged with driven wheel 315.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, driving wheel 312, bearing block 313, driven wheel 315 in driving assembly 31 And conveyer belt 316 can omit, at this point, rotation axis 314 is directly mounted on the driving end of actuator 311.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, the blank blade 3331 that blank set of blades 333 includes is not limited to this 5 in embodiment are 2,3,4 or are greater than 5, at this point, cutter groove 3373 and blank on cutter groove part 337 Blade 3331 corresponds.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, the first installation part 331 can be omitted, and directly consolidate blank blade 3331 Due in rotation axis 314.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, the second installation part 335 can be omitted, directly by the fixed peace of cutter groove part 337 Loaded in rack 10.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, 5 blank blades 3331 are not limited to the mode in present embodiment The middle rotor shaft direction along the first installation part 331 is equidistantly fixed on the first installation part 331, and 5 blank blades 3331 can be along The rotor shaft direction unequal spacing of one installation part 331 is fixed on the first installation part 331, at this point, 201 length of vertical bar of cutting is not Deng.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, along the feedstock direction of uncaria 200, the blade power of 5 blank blades 3331 Can be identical to tilt angle, 5 blank blades 3331 simultaneously cut vertical bar 201 at this time.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, reset spring can be omitted, the groove 3521 of locating piece 352 is towards calmly When the gravity direction of position part 352, locating piece 352 can be repositioned to nature, i.e. impeller by the gravity of locating piece 352 When 351 promotion locating pieces 352 are directed away from 314 direction of rotation axis and move to impeller 351 and no longer pushes locating piece 352, position Part 352 can be rotated around snap-gauge axis 353 towards rotation axis 314 under the effect of gravity, to make locating piece 352 close to groove 3521 one end is contained in again in locating slot 3375.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, impeller 351 can omit, at this point, the step of blank method of the invention Suddenly it is artificial blanking that (5) are interchangeable.After the completion of blank, locating piece 352 is manually pushed to make the groove 3521 of locating piece 352 It is directed away from the direction movement of locating slot 3375.
It is appreciated that in other embodiments, feeding material component 20, positioning component 35 and cutter groove part 337 are not limited to One group in present embodiment, can be multiple groups, as long as itself and feeding material component 20, positioning component 35 and the cutter groove in present embodiment Part 337 and it is arranged, to use same set of blank blade 3331 in present embodiment to carry out feeding and blank.
Above description is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, it is all the present invention suggested by technical spirit under completed same changes or modifications change, should all belong to In the covered the scope of the patents of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cutoff device, for carrying out blank to uncaria, which includes vertical bar and the hook portion that is set on the vertical bar, should Cutoff device includes rack, actuator, rotation axis, blank set of blades and cutter groove part, and the actuator and the cutter groove part are fixed on this In rack, which connect with the actuator, it is characterised in that: the blank set of blades includes multiple blank blades, multiple to be somebody's turn to do Blank blade clearance is installed in the rotation axis, and the blade of blank blade is not in the same plane, recessed shape on the cutter groove part Cheng Youyu each blank blade one-to-one cutter groove offers feed channel on the cutter groove part, the feed channel and each knife Slot connection, the cutter groove part are recessed with locating slot, which is located between two cutter grooves, which further includes that can be rotated The locating piece being installed in the rack, recessed on the locating piece to be formed with a groove, which can selectively be contained in this In locating slot, when the groove is contained in the locating slot, it is formed with limiting slot between the groove and the locating slot, the vertical bar energy Enough by the limiting slot, which cannot pass through, at this point, the actuator drives rotation axis rotation to drive each blank Blade cuts off the vertical bar.
2. cutoff device as shown in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cutoff device further includes that the rotation axis is fixed in one end On impeller, when the groove of the locating piece is contained in the locating slot, the one end of the impeller far from the rotation axis with should The distance of rotation axis is greater than vertical range between the locating piece and the rotation axis, and after the completion of blank, which drives this to push away The locating piece is pushed to move for moving part so that the locating piece is moved close to the direction that one end of groove is directed away from the locating slot.
3. the cutoff device as shown in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the cutoff device further includes snap-gauge axis, and the locating piece is logical It crosses the snap-gauge axis to be rotatably installed in the rack, is provided with reset spring in the snap-gauge axis.
4. cutoff device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: along the feedstock direction of the uncaria, multiple blank blades Blade power is to successively sloping inwardly.
5. cutoff device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cutoff device further includes loaded on the feeding in the rack Bucket and feeding rolling, feeding funnel perforation open up a feed channel being located above the feed channel, and feeding rolling is partially housed in this and send In material path, and gap is formed between feeding rolling and the feeding funnel inner wall.
6. a kind of blank method using cutoff device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the blank method include with Lower step:
Step (1): the uncaria is sent into the feed channel;
Step (2): the groove on the locating piece is contained in the locating slot, and limit is formed between the groove and the locating slot Slot, when the hook portion of the uncaria reaches the limiting slot, which cannot be by the limiting slot, to position to the uncaria;
Step (3): the actuator drives rotation axis rotation to drive each blank blade to cut off the vertical bar;
Step (4): after the completion of blank, which is fallen naturally by the feed channel, and the locating piece is remote close to one end of the groove From the locating slot, until the hook portion can pass through, which is fallen.
7. as claimed in claim 6 blank method, it is characterised in that: the cutoff device further includes that the rotation axis is fixed in one end On impeller, when the groove of the locating piece is contained in the locating slot, the one end of the impeller far from the rotation axis with should The distance of rotation axis is greater than the vertical range between the locating piece and the rotation axis, the method for the step (4) are as follows: the rotation axis band Moving the impeller pushes the locating piece to move so that the locating piece is transported close to the direction that one end of groove is directed away from the locating slot It is dynamic, until the hook portion can pass through.
8. as claimed in claim 7 blank method, it is characterised in that: the cutoff device further includes snap-gauge axis, and the locating piece is logical It crosses the snap-gauge axis to be rotatably installed in the rack, is provided with reset spring in the snap-gauge axis, when the rotation axis drives this to push away Moving part turns over the locating piece, and under the action of the reset spring, the groove of the locating piece is contained in again in the locating slot, thus It can be realized by repeating step (1) to step (4) to entire uncaria progress blank when the uncaria is longer.
9. blank method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: along the feedstock direction of the uncaria, multiple blank blades Blade power is to successively sloping inwardly, the method for the step (3) are as follows: each blank blade successively carries out blank to the vertical bar.
10. blank method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cutoff device further includes loaded on sending in the rack Hopper and feeding rolling, feeding funnel perforation open up a feed channel being located above the feed channel, and feeding rolling is partially housed in this In feed channel, and it is formed with gap between feeding rolling and the feeding funnel inner wall, the method for the step (1) are as follows: put the uncaria Enter in the feed channel, which is sent into the feed channel by feeding rolling.
CN201811413991.0A 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 Material cutting device and material cutting method Active CN109514629B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112109159A (en) * 2020-09-28 2020-12-22 侯长忠 Chopping block processing fluting equipment

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CN104441010A (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-03-25 邱逸奎 Uncaria cutting method
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CN105364970A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-02 吴长江 Simple cutting machine
CN107718081A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-02-23 邱逸奎 One kind cuts yncaria stem with hooks machine automatically
CN108381622A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-08-10 晴隆县恒兴种养殖农民专业合作社 Uncaria segment equipment
CN207997345U (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-10-23 覃永勇 Uncaria cutter and processing of crude drugs system
CN109514630A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-26 广西融安县树发生态农业发展有限公司 Cutoff device

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4847679A (en) * 1971-10-20 1973-07-06
JPS50115897U (en) * 1974-03-05 1975-09-20
CN104441010A (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-03-25 邱逸奎 Uncaria cutting method
CN104441011A (en) * 2013-12-11 2015-03-25 邱逸奎 Uncaria cutter
CN104149116A (en) * 2014-06-29 2014-11-19 邱逸奎 Uncaria cutting and separation machine
CN105364970A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-02 吴长江 Simple cutting machine
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CN207997345U (en) * 2018-01-18 2018-10-23 覃永勇 Uncaria cutter and processing of crude drugs system
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112109159A (en) * 2020-09-28 2020-12-22 侯长忠 Chopping block processing fluting equipment

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