CN109514286A - Improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center - Google Patents

Improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109514286A
CN109514286A CN201811389337.0A CN201811389337A CN109514286A CN 109514286 A CN109514286 A CN 109514286A CN 201811389337 A CN201811389337 A CN 201811389337A CN 109514286 A CN109514286 A CN 109514286A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
turntable
level
center
axis
improvement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811389337.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈虎
宋明山
姜宇
汤洪涛
倪泽兴
段云腾
韦志鸿
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kede Holding Co Ltd
Dalian Kede Numerical Control Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Kede Holding Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kede Holding Co Ltd filed Critical Kede Holding Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811389337.0A priority Critical patent/CN109514286A/en
Publication of CN109514286A publication Critical patent/CN109514286A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/50Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/54Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only
    • B23Q1/5468Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only a single rotating pair followed parallelly by a single rotating pair

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center, including level-one turntable, level-one turntable is driven to rotate around center by first motor, first motor is controlled by digital control system, one second level turntable is set on level-one turntable, and the center of second level turntable and the center of level-one turntable mutually stagger;By the second motor driven so as to rotate around center, the second motor is controlled second level turntable by digital control system;The center of second level turntable is fixed on level-one turntable, so that second level turntable can also follow the rotation of level-one turntable to make transport motion.Workpiece is placed on second level turntable by the device in processing, and each processing stand of digital control system control workpiece is moved to a pocket in processing and is processed for cutter, can greatly improve processing efficiency.

Description

Improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center
Technical field
The present invention relates to five-axis robot fields, more specifically to a kind of improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center.
Background technique
Five-axis robot is mainly used in the more complicated part of processing curve configuration, such as aircraft impeller, blade, spiral shell peculiar to vessel Paddle etc. is revolved, because the configuration of these parts is curved surface, (cutter can not change if only the three-dimensional of cutter is leaned on to move The orientation of direction), it is very difficult to process specific contoured.And five-axis robot, then be on workpiece plus freedom degree or Person adds freedom degree on cutter, allows workpiece can change towards or cutter is allowed to can change direction, for the former, generally take Scheme be workpiece is placed on rotatable turntable, thus allow workpiece follow turntable rotation change direction.But it is this A problem existing for scheme is, when a workpiece is larger, one side cutter to move longer distance on workpiece not It is processed with region, on the other hand, the machining area far from turntable center will be with the rotation of turntable and movement is longer Distance, thus cutter looks for workpiece with regard to also moving longer distance and is processed, and these two aspects will lead to processing Efficiency is lower.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center, is able to solve back The lower problem of described processing efficiency in scape technology.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention takes following technical scheme:
A kind of improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center, including the level-one turntable for placing workpiece, in level-one turntable On a second level turntable is arranged in parallel;Level-one turntable is fixed on and with the center of level-one turntable in level side in the center of second level turntable It is staggered upwards.
The center at the center and second level turntable of the radius R of level-one turntable, the radius r of second level turntable and level-one turntable Spacing d meets following formula:
r+d≤R.(it ensure that second level turntable is integrally all located on level-one turntable;The lower limit of r+d can be as the case may be It determines)
The spacing d at the center at the center and second level turntable of level-one turntable is in following range:
50mm≤d≤125mm。
Installing port can be prejudicially offered on level-one turntable, the shaft of second level turntable may be disposed in installing port.
Second level turntable can by motor driven (turntable can be directly driven by the drive shaft of motor, can also be in second level Gear is installed to be driven on turntable).
Cavity area can be offered inside level-one turntable, motor may be disposed in cavity area.
Targeted Five-axis NC Machining Center can be five shaft vertical machining center of cradle-type above.
The present invention has the advantages that in the prior art, due to being only provided with level-one turntable, so for any one on workpiece For point, it can only be moved along a Circular test, moving range very little.But it is eccentric to be once provided with a versus primary turntable Second level turntable, and workpiece is placed on second level turntable, then the motion range at any point on workpiece just becomes larger.So One, when we process, so that it may all turn to any machining area on workpiece in one lesser region, knife Tool can be processed in this lesser region, look for the difference on workpiece without the longer distance of movement Point.And for the position of this smaller area, can by level-one turntable, second level turntable size, both eccentric distance and Size, position of workpiece etc. are selected.On the other hand, since there are two the presence of turntable, a certain machining area is perhaps opposite In one of turntable be fringe region, but relative to another turntable may not, vice versa.In addition to this, can also lead to Cross the rotation of one of turntable by the central area that the machining area is moved to another turntable as far as possible carry out processing to It improves efficiency.In short, the range of workpiece rotation is bigger due to more turntables, so as to by rationally programming so that work The processing efficiency of part is higher.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that the present invention improves device;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view that the present invention improves device;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram for the installation region that the present invention improves on the level-one turntable of device;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram for the second level turntable connecting side that the present invention improves device.
In figure, 1, cradle, 21, level-one turntable, 22, second level turntable, 31, first motor, the 32, second motor, 41, installation Mouthful, 42, connecting column, the 51, first labyrinth sealing slot, the 52, second labyrinth sealing slot, 6, bearing, 7, workpiece.
Specific embodiment
A specific embodiment of the invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Here be described by taking five shaft vertical machining center of cradle-type as an example, as long as but it should be readily apparent that with It is the Five-axis NC Machining Center for using turntable, the present invention is applicable in.
Such as Fig. 1 shows the structural schematic diagram of the invention for improving device has been gone out, cradle 1 passes through two that are located at both ends fixed branch Seat (being not drawn into figure) is fixed, and cradle 1 can be in the spaced winding axis oscillating of two hold-down supports.One is provided on cradle 1 A second level turntable 22 has also been arranged in parallel on level-one turntable 21 in grade turntable 21;In level-one turntable 21 and second level turntable 22 The heart mutually staggers in the horizontal direction;(workpiece 7 in Fig. 1 is to need to be processed as foliated workpiece to workpiece 7,7 one end of workpiece Equipped with tenon, the other end needs to cut off after processing is completed) it is placed on second level turntable 22.Second level turntable 22 is whole to be respectively positioned on level-one On turntable 21, thus more stable.
Fig. 2 shows sectional view, from the sectional view it can be seen that how second level turntable 22 is set up on level-one turntable 21, It can also be seen that the power drive of two turntables is at which.The driving of first motor 31 that level-one turntable 21 is disposed below so as to Around center rotating, first motor 31 is set in the cavity that 1 lower part of cradle opens up;Second level turntable 22 is set up in level-one turntable 21 On, specific erection mode is found out in combination with attached drawing 3 and attached drawing 4:
Referring initially to Fig. 3, installing port 41 is prejudicially offered on level-one turntable 21, is provided with axis near installing port 41 6 are held, bearing 6 is split type bearing;Referring again to Fig. 4, connection corresponding with installing port 41 is provided centrally in second level turntable 22 Column 42;Connecting column 42 is connect by bearing 6 with installing port 41.Is also offered centered on installing port 41 on level-one turntable 21 One labyrinth sealing slot 51;The second labyrinth sealing slot 52 is offered centered on connecting column 42 on second level turntable 22;First Labyrinth sealing slot 51 and the mutually embedding connection of the second labyrinth sealing slot 52, thus can prevent dust, cutting fluid etc. from passing through Level-one turntable 21 and second level turntable 22 stack inside the access mechanism of gap.
The rotational power of second level turntable 22 derives from the second motor 32, and the second motor 32 can be embedded in setting to level-one turntable In the cavity area opened up inside 21, which is connected to installing port 41;The shaft (being not drawn into figure) of second motor 32 It can be set in connecting column 42 directly as the shaft (or one mandrel of reconnection etc.) of second level turntable 22 to drive second level The rotation of turntable 22.In addition to this, gear can also be set at 32 edge of second level turntable or thereon, then motor is arranged To drive second level turntable 32 outside mechanism, the mode of driving can there are many kinds of.
First motor 31 and the second motor 32 are driven by digital control system, so as to adjust as needed velocity of rotation and Rotation direction etc.;In addition, first motor 31 and the second motor 32 all use torque motor, and it can also be used other that can realize certainly The motor of said function.
It can also be seen that from Fig. 2 in order to guarantee second level turntable 22 on level-one turntable 21, so level-one turntable The spacing d at the center at the center and second level turntable 22 of 21 radius R, the radius r of second level turntable 22 and level-one turntable 21 needs Meet following formula:
r+d≤R。
In addition, the center spacing d for choosing level-one turntable 21 and second level turntable 22 is that 50-125mm range is more excellent.
In use, workpiece 7 is placed on second level turntable 22, rationally programmed by digital control system, so that it may more freely The rotation for controlling workpiece 7, to improve processing efficiency.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, Anyone skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present disclosure, according to the technique and scheme of the present invention and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center, including the level-one turntable for placing workpiece, which is characterized in that A second level turntable is arranged in parallel on the level-one turntable;The center of the second level turntable be fixed on the level-one turntable and with institute The center for stating level-one turntable is staggered in the horizontal direction.
2. the improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the half of the level-one turntable The spacing d at the center at the center and second level turntable of diameter R, the radius r of the second level turntable and the level-one turntable meets Following formula:
r+d≤R。
3. the improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the level-one turntable The spacing d at the center of the heart and the second level turntable is in following range:
50mm≤d≤125mm。
4. the improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center according to claim 1, which is characterized in that on the level-one turntable Installing port is prejudicially offered, the shaft of the second level turntable is set in the installing port.
5. the improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the second level turntable passes through Motor driven.
6. the improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center according to claim 5, which is characterized in that in the level-one turntable Portion offers cavity area, and the motor is set in the cavity area.
7. according to claim 1 to 6 any improvement devices based on Five-axis NC Machining Center, which is characterized in that five axis Machining center is five shaft vertical machining center of cradle-type.
CN201811389337.0A 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 Improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center Pending CN109514286A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811389337.0A CN109514286A (en) 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 Improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811389337.0A CN109514286A (en) 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 Improvement device based on Five-axis NC Machining Center

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109514286A true CN109514286A (en) 2019-03-26

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110449922A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-11-15 科德数控股份有限公司 A kind of nested type numerical control rotating platform

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4108076C1 (en) * 1991-03-13 1992-08-06 Goetze Ag, 5093 Burscheid, De Rotary tool guide along circular path - has gear transmission with inside toothed intermediate gear on gear coupled to tool drive shaft
CN101279422A (en) * 2008-05-12 2008-10-08 西安理工大学 Parallel-series principle milling vehicle combined numerically controlled machine
CN102476279A (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-05-30 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Novel milling and turning compound numerical control machine based on series-parallel principle
CN103072011A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-01 天津亚星金属压铸有限公司 Processing equipment for cutting
CN106624837A (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-05-10 江苏润德精密机械有限公司 Rotary swinging workbench and five-axis efficient vertical machining center provided with same
CN206200569U (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-05-31 深圳职业技术学院 A kind of mechanical structure for being applied to five-axle linkage
CN107433572A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-12-05 杭州凯尔达机器人科技股份有限公司 A kind of eight axle robots for the processing of accurate track

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4108076C1 (en) * 1991-03-13 1992-08-06 Goetze Ag, 5093 Burscheid, De Rotary tool guide along circular path - has gear transmission with inside toothed intermediate gear on gear coupled to tool drive shaft
CN101279422A (en) * 2008-05-12 2008-10-08 西安理工大学 Parallel-series principle milling vehicle combined numerically controlled machine
CN102476279A (en) * 2010-11-23 2012-05-30 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Novel milling and turning compound numerical control machine based on series-parallel principle
CN103072011A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-01 天津亚星金属压铸有限公司 Processing equipment for cutting
CN106624837A (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-05-10 江苏润德精密机械有限公司 Rotary swinging workbench and five-axis efficient vertical machining center provided with same
CN206200569U (en) * 2016-10-28 2017-05-31 深圳职业技术学院 A kind of mechanical structure for being applied to five-axle linkage
CN107433572A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-12-05 杭州凯尔达机器人科技股份有限公司 A kind of eight axle robots for the processing of accurate track

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110449922A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-11-15 科德数控股份有限公司 A kind of nested type numerical control rotating platform

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