CN109511450A - A kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technology - Google Patents

A kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109511450A
CN109511450A CN201710848789.XA CN201710848789A CN109511450A CN 109511450 A CN109511450 A CN 109511450A CN 201710848789 A CN201710848789 A CN 201710848789A CN 109511450 A CN109511450 A CN 109511450A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
late
maturing
mango
control technology
florescence control
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710848789.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邹杰
郭学红
陈建军
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LIJIANG HUAPING GOLDEN MANGO ECOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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LIJIANG HUAPING GOLDEN MANGO ECOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Application filed by LIJIANG HUAPING GOLDEN MANGO ECOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical LIJIANG HUAPING GOLDEN MANGO ECOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710848789.XA priority Critical patent/CN109511450A/en
Publication of CN109511450A publication Critical patent/CN109511450A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technologies, the late-maturing mango florescence control technology is that late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is carried out differentiation culture, control differentiation rate is cultivated within the scope of 2~5 times, it is 1000~1500Lx that i.e. the nurturing period, which first controls illuminance, humidity is to cultivate 20~40 days under 70~90% environment, period foliage-spray paclobutrazol 2~3 times, then it is 3000~6000Lx that illuminance is gradually adjusted within the scope of 0.5~1.5 month, humidity is 55~65%, continue cultivation 1~2 month, differentiation rate is controlled within the scope of 2~5 times, the present invention fundamentally solves the problems, such as late-maturing Mango Output and quality-improving, realize production, breed and promote late-maturing mango seedling, and the late-maturing mango florescence is regulated and controled to guarantee that the florescence is staggered rain It season and will concentrate at the florescence, late-maturing Mango Output is low, quality is low and is not directly applicable the technical problem of production before fundamentally solving, and awns agriculture economic benefit is substantially improved.

Description

A kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technology
Technical field
The invention belongs to planting technology fields, and in particular to a kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technology.
Background technique
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of big tropical fruit (tree) in the world five, full of nutrition, and pulp is fine and smooth, wind Taste is unique, is favored by people, there is the laudatory title of " tropical fruit king ".Tropical Yunnan plantation mango is with a long history, and main producing region is distributed in The Baoshan City Longyang District of Nujiang River Basin, Lincang City Yongde County;The Lijiang City Huaping County of Drainage Area of Jinsha River;Pu'er of Lancang River Watershed The county Jing Gu, city, the county Jing Dong, the county Shuan Jiang, Lincang City;The Yuxi Salvador in Yuanjiang County of Yunnan Province of Red River, Honghe Yuanyang County.Mango production plantation Traditional category have three Nian Mang, Ma Qiesu, banana awns, ivory awns, introduced variety has Jin Huangmang, coconut awns, determines Kate, Gui Xiang Awns, Thailand awns eat it raw awns etc..Xishuangbanna and Yuanjiang River are mainly based on 3 years awns, and the maturity period is in May;Huaping with golden yellow awns, Determine based on the kinds such as Kate, red ivory;Jing Gu is mainly based on ivory awns, month in maturity period 7-8.Before the county Jing Dong 2010 with Based on ivory awns, the maturity period is 7-8 month.Now based on the late awns in scape east, the maturity period is 9-11 month.
Mango is famous tropical fruit (tree), is known as the king of tropical fruit (tree), is number three in tropical fruit (tree), originates in Asia India, the Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, one band of Philippine in the continent south torrid zone, Indian have found to go forward side by side using mango earliest Row cultivation.Country's production mango at least more than 85 in the world at present, China between 5 years of 1996-2000, cultivated area by Year increases, and China torrid zone, subtropical zone plantation mango are with a long history, and due to the market demand, late-maturing mango is pursued, but is drawn at present Into the unstable and higher cost with the late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica of cultivation, the promotion of Mango Output and quality is seriously constrained, and by Often rain is met in the mango florescence and causes yield not high and the problems in the mango florescence does not collect, therefore is developed one kind and be can solve The method for stating problem is very important.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technologies.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, the late-maturing mango florescence control technology be by late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica into Row differentiation culture, control differentiation rate are cultivated within the scope of 2~5 times, i.e., it is 1000~1500Lx that the nurturing period, which first controls illuminance, Humidity is to cultivate 20~40 days under 70~90% environment, during which foliage-spray paclobutrazol 2~3 times, then at 0.5~1.5 month It is 3000~6000Lx that illuminance is gradually adjusted in time range, and humidity is 55~65%, continues cultivation 1~2 month, control point Rate is within the scope of 2~5 times.
The present invention fundamentally solves the problems, such as late-maturing Mango Output and quality-improving, realizes production, breeds and push away Wide late-maturing mango seedling, and the late-maturing mango florescence is regulated and controled to guarantee that the florescence is staggered and rainy season and will concentrate at the florescence, from root Late-maturing Mango Output is low, quality is low and is not directly applicable the technical problem of production before solving in sheet, and awns is substantially improved Agriculture economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but the present invention is limited in any way, Based on present invention teach that it is made it is any transform or replace, all belong to the scope of protection of the present invention.
Late-maturing mango florescence control technology of the present invention is that late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is carried out to differentiation culture, control differentiation Rate is cultivated within the scope of 2~5 times, i.e., it is 1000~1500Lx that the nurturing period, which first controls illuminance, and humidity is 70~90% environment Lower to cultivate 20~40 days, then during which foliage-spray paclobutrazol 2~3 times gradually adjust within the scope of 0.5~1.5 month Illuminance is 3000~6000Lx, and humidity is 55~65%, continues cultivation 1~2 month, controls differentiation rate in 2~5 times of ranges It is interior.
The concentration of the paclobutrazol is 100~300g/L.
The late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica be selection it is disease-free, without more than insect pest, leaf bud and excellent mango plant that bud eye is full, Blade is cut off, through rinsing, disinfection and detoxification, the life branch that leaf bud is more and bud eye is full is removed and does scion, scion is subjected to sterilizing and is disappeared Then poison is grafted onto after ivory mango tree is cultivated and obtains late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica.
The excellent mango plant is Jin Huangmang, coconut awns, Gui Xiangmang or one of eats it raw awns.
The disinfection is to impregnate 10~40min with the limewash of mass percentage concentration 1~3%.
The detoxification includes hot-water detoxified and the detoxification of air high temperature.
It is described it is hot-water detoxified be that excellent mango plant is placed in immersion 1~3h detoxification treatment in 45~55 DEG C of warm water.
The air high temperature detoxification is to be placed in excellent mango plant 2~4 weeks under 35~45 DEG C of hot-air environment to take off Poison processing.
The sterilization is by scion in being carried out disinfection processing on superclean bench with chlorine dioxide.
Case is embodied, the present invention will be further described below:
Embodiment 1
Select it is disease-free, without more than insect pest, leaf bud and excellent mango plant that bud eye is full, blade is cut off, through flowing clear water Rinsing impregnates 40min disinfection with the limewash of mass percentage concentration 1% and is placed in immersion 3h detoxification treatment in 45 DEG C of warm water, Excellent mango plant is placed in 4 weeks detoxification treatments under 35 DEG C of hot-air environment again.Then by scion in being used on superclean bench Chlorine dioxide carries out disinfection processing;Then ivory mango tree is grafted onto light control in 2500~3000LX, and temperature control exists It is cultivated between 25 DEG C~35 DEG C and obtains late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica;Then differentiation culture is carried out, specifically by late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica in light Illumination is 1000~1500Lx, and humidity is to cultivate under 70~80% environment 40 days, and during which leaf surface spraying concentration is the more of 100g/L Effect azoles 3 times, it is 3000~4000Lx that illuminance is then gradually adjusted within the scope of 1.5 months, and humidity is 55~65%, after It is continuous to cultivate 2 months, differentiation rate is controlled in 5 times of ranges.
Embodiment 2
Select it is disease-free, without more than insect pest, leaf bud and excellent mango plant that bud eye is full, blade is cut off, through flowing clear water Rinsing impregnates 10min disinfection with the limewash of mass percentage concentration 3% and is placed in immersion 1h detoxification treatment in 55 DEG C of warm water, Excellent mango plant is placed in 2 weeks detoxification treatments under 45 DEG C of hot-air environment again.Then by scion in being used on superclean bench Chlorine dioxide carries out disinfection processing;Then ivory mango tree is grafted onto light control in 2500~3200LX, and temperature control exists It is cultivated between 25 DEG C~35 DEG C and obtains late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica;Then differentiation culture is carried out, specifically by late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica in light Illumination is 1000~1500Lx, and humidity is to cultivate under 80~90% environment 20 days, and during which leaf surface spraying concentration is the more of 300g/L Effect azoles 2 times, it is 5000~6000Lx that illuminance is then gradually adjusted within the scope of 0.5 month, and humidity is 55~65%, after It is continuous to cultivate 1 month, differentiation rate is controlled in 2 times of ranges.
Embodiment 3
Select it is disease-free, without more than insect pest, leaf bud and excellent mango plant that bud eye is full, blade is cut off, through flowing clear water Rinsing impregnates 30min disinfection with the limewash of mass percentage concentration 2% and is placed in immersion 2h detoxification treatment in 50 DEG C of warm water, Excellent mango plant is placed in 3 weeks detoxification treatments under 40 DEG C of hot-air environment again.Then by scion in being used on superclean bench Chlorine dioxide carries out disinfection processing;Then ivory mango tree is grafted onto light control in 3000~3500LX, and temperature control exists It is cultivated between 25 DEG C~35 DEG C and obtains late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica;Then differentiation culture is carried out, specifically by late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica in light Illumination is 1000~1500Lx, and humidity is to cultivate under 80~85% environment 30 days, and during which leaf surface spraying concentration is the more of 200g/L Effect azoles 3 times, it is 4000~5000Lx that illuminance is then gradually adjusted within one-month period, and humidity is 55~65%, is continued It cultivates 1.5 months, controls differentiation rate in 3 times of ranges.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technology, it is characterised in that the late-maturing mango florescence control technology is by late-maturing awns Fruit kind carries out differentiation culture, and control differentiation rate is cultivated within the scope of 2~5 times, i.e., it is 1000 that the nurturing period, which first controls illuminance, ~1500Lx, humidity are to cultivate 20~40 days under 70~90% environment, during which foliage-spray paclobutrazol 2~3 times, then 0.5 It is 3000~6000Lx that illuminance is gradually adjusted within the scope of~1.5 months, and humidity is 55~65%, continues cultivation 1~2 Month, differentiation rate is controlled within the scope of 2~5 times.
2. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the concentration of the paclobutrazol is 100~300g/L.
3. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica is Select it is disease-free, without more than insect pest, leaf bud and excellent mango plant that bud eye is full, cut off blade, through rinsing, disinfection and detoxification, It removes the life branch that leaf bud is more and bud eye is full and does scion, scion is subjected to sterilization, be then grafted onto the cultivation of ivory mango tree After obtain late-maturing Different Cultivars of Mangifera indica.
4. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the excellent mango plant is Jin Huangmang, coconut awns, Gui Xiangmang one of eat it raw awns.
5. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the disinfection is with quality hundred The limewash of concentration 1~3% is divided to impregnate 10~40min.
6. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the detoxification includes that warm water is de- Poison and the detoxification of air high temperature.
7. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 6, it is characterised in that it is described it is hot-water detoxified be will be excellent Good mango plant is placed in immersion 1~3h detoxification treatment in 45~55 DEG C of warm water.
8. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the air high temperature detoxification is Excellent mango plant is placed in 2~4 weeks detoxification treatments under 35~45 DEG C of hot-air environment.
9. late-maturing mango florescence control technology according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the sterilization is will to connect Fringe on superclean bench with chlorine dioxide in being carried out disinfection processing.
CN201710848789.XA 2017-09-19 2017-09-19 A kind of late-maturing mango florescence control technology Pending CN109511450A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110326450A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-10-15 广西大学 A kind of preparation and application method for improving mango Ecological Factor of Blossoming Period environment while improving yield and quality

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938125A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-30 丽江市土壤肥料工作站 Fertilization method for late-maturing Huaping mangoes in full productive age
CN106912346A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-07-04 薛德宝 A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104938125A (en) * 2015-06-09 2015-09-30 丽江市土壤肥料工作站 Fertilization method for late-maturing Huaping mangoes in full productive age
CN106912346A (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-07-04 薛德宝 A kind of late-maturing mango implantation methods of Dry-hot Valley Area Highly effective

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李洪雯等: "金煌芒果在攀西地区的表现及其栽培技术 ", 《中国热带农业》 *
陈显双: "金煌芒引种试种初报 ", 《广西热作科技》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110326450A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-10-15 广西大学 A kind of preparation and application method for improving mango Ecological Factor of Blossoming Period environment while improving yield and quality

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