CN109511422A - A kind of economic and environment-friendly type submerged plant eel grass cultivation rattan felt and method for planting - Google Patents

A kind of economic and environment-friendly type submerged plant eel grass cultivation rattan felt and method for planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109511422A
CN109511422A CN201910018103.3A CN201910018103A CN109511422A CN 109511422 A CN109511422 A CN 109511422A CN 201910018103 A CN201910018103 A CN 201910018103A CN 109511422 A CN109511422 A CN 109511422A
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China
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rattan felt
water
rattan
felt
plant
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程旭东
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程旭东
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Priority to CN201910018103.3A priority Critical patent/CN109511422A/en
Publication of CN109511422A publication Critical patent/CN109511422A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0295Units comprising two or more connected receptacles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0297Grids for supporting several receptacles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/28Raised beds; Planting beds; Edging elements for beds, lawn or the like, e.g. tiles

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of environmentally friendly rattan felt of solid of eel grass plantation, be by spinneret equipment by environmentally-friendly plastic under viscous state after spinneret projects, be processed into it is irregular by multiple groups, unordered staggeredly and silk between the mutual adhesion in contact position and the three-D space structure with customizable thickness wire ring rattan felt.The rattan felt is a kind of extremely low elasticity plantation bed of apparent density;The limitation of climate and hydrologic condition etc. when can overcome existing eel grass cultivating technology, eel grass plant can be inserted into culture hole indoors, using severe winter or early spring water body it is transparent it is high under conditions of, in the case where draining water, carry out it is large stretch of, in large area it is economical, quickly carry out eel grass and jettisoning plantation.China's water and soil conservation, Water Ecological Recovery and building, ecological aquaculture cultivate, have very big practical value in ornamental water scenery small stream pond and aquarium etc..

Description

A kind of economic and environment-friendly type submerged plant eel grass cultivation rattan felt and method for planting
Technical field
The invention belongs to water and soil conservation, Water Ecological Recovery, Ecology building, ecological aquaculture cultivation, ornamental water scenery small stream pond and The technical fields such as ornamental aquarium are related to the three-dimensional environmental protection cultivation rattan felt of submerged plant eel grass and method for planting, more particularly to one Kind will be implanted with heavy hardship based on important link -- the quick cultivating technology of submerged plant in waste water ecological control and Ecology building The rattan felt of grass can quickly be jettisoninged plantation with large area.
Background technique
Clean water source is indispensable natural resources in people's production and life on its periphery, is related to a people from family Family, a village, an even city, a national survival and development.It reforms and opens up to the outside world the prometaphase in China, due to people couple Environmental protection consciousness it is indifferent, cause it is various life and industrial or agricultural sewage it is unordered arbitrarily rough formula excess emissions, cause China city Town and periphery overwhelming majority aquatic ecosystem are degenerated and are destroyed;Currently, China is just reinforcing the improvement and guarantor to water throughout the country Shield, regulation prevent the various sewage direct emissions of industry, agricultural and resident.And after section dirt or waters of eutrophication is controlled There are many kinds, such as the various types of technical methods of physics, chemistry, ecological management for reason method, but these methods require for a long time Put into a large amount of material resources and manpower.
Clear water type ecosystem constructing technology is the main and most efficient method of current sustainable ecological management, such as Guangzhou The water body treating of city, lake park, Li Gulf, extra large pearl wetland park etc.;Clear water type ecosystem constructing technology refers to water ecology system System is changed into the series of process of clear water state from muddy water state, and theoretical basis is stable state transforming principle.Aquatic ecosystem building Technology can effectively remove the nuisances such as eutrophy salt, heavy metal ion in waters and increase oxygen-containing in water, holding water body Clean state, while also having and continuing not inhibit the sustainability of algal grown, the newly generated sewage of purification after ground day by day It harnesses the river function;The emphasis of aquatic ecosystem constructing technology and main capital investment are the recovery or reconstruction of submerged vegetation;In water very Water plant, fluitante and floatingleaved plant class, since its photosynthesis is to carry out in the sky, without can increase oxygen content of water; Although microalgae plant can increase the oxygen content in water, but be difficult to control its population density, and seriously affect water transparency, It is unfavorable for the growth of waters lower layer submerged vegetation, and is easy to produce harmful algal tufa phenomenon.Submerged plant (submerged plants) Refer to that plant is entirely located in the aquatic macrophyte that fixed existence is sought below water layer, all absorbable water of each section of plant Divide and the institutional frameworks such as root, stem, the leaf of this kind of plant of nutriment are all sufficiently flexible, without obvious xylem, leaf is mostly band-like Or it is Filamentous, root is fibrous root, such as eel grass, hornwort, watermifoil, black algae.But most of submerged plants have branching rate function, such as With spinney in water, it is easy the entire Water space that has a full house, the quick-fried pool is caused to spread unchecked and lack landscape effect;And eel grass growth is such as water Lower coniferous forest can construct the stereoscopic landscape space of a width clear state under water, have powerful landscape value, be that current clear water type is raw Unique dominant population in state system constructing technology.It is perennial heavy that eel grass (Vallisneria natans) is subordinate to Hydrocharctaceae Vallisneria Water plant is distributed widely in China, each provinces and regions, north and south, is suitable for fresh water rivers and lakes, reservoir pond, gully gush canal, streams clear spring Equal waters.Meaning eel grass of the invention is the common name of eel grass platymiscium.Eel grass is clear in current waste water ecological control, water ecological restoration and water In state Scene construction etc., is just wideling popularize and planting in China as unique dominant population.In natural water area eel grass population seed Amount can achieve .01E6/square metre of 1 .68E4 ~ 1, but 1 .28 ~ 3 millimeter long for strip, diameter are less than 0.5 milli The eel grass seed of rice influences greatly vulnerable to variations such as the depth of water, water quality, temperature, illumination, water flows, and seed builds population in natural water area Vertical and restitution is seldom, and the major way that eel grass population foundation and annual population restore at present is vegetative propagation.
The growth of eel grass must be the submerged plant that implantation ability normal growth in subaqueous soil in root builds group, otherwise Underwater can be swum in, although can survive, population cannot be established at the bottom;The exposed mistake very easy in air of eel grass leaf Water is dead.At present in water harnessing field, the traditional cultivation method of eel grass is: the water for needing to cultivate the waters of eel grass being first discharged to water It is deep be lower than 5-10 centimetres hereinafter, and grassiness fish in water and sludge aquatic animal are cleaned out, then by manually using Latter one root and stem of certain plants of the root and stem of certain plants of eel grass plant rhizome portion envelops can be inserted into subaqueous soil by finger again;In eel grass fibrous root not to soil four Before week diffusion implantation, do not have pull-out capacity, it is ensured that just the water transparency and water body in waters do not flow after plantation, it is desirable that in water The minimum intensity of illumination requirement of photosynthesis needed for illumination can satisfy eel grass leaf;It is subsequent conserved at level ground during, be Plant, which takes root, to be grabbed after mud consolidates bed, and clean water source is gradually injected.The method is suitable only for that the independent waters of water can be drained, plantation Vulnerable to season, rainfall, Hydrological Effects and limitation in operation process, it is also necessary to spend a large amount of manpower and financial resources, and be unsuitable for opening The vast natural water area of property or mobility;The early spring north risen is in southern winter and melting of ice and snow water temperature, water quality is saturating Lightness best season, but low water temperature is unsuitable for planting operation in artificial water;The method is also not suitable in rigid water-bed plantation.
In order to quickly establish or restore submerged plant eel grass population, the multifarious hydrology, weather, temperature, ring are being faced Under the natural restrictive condition in the different waters of guarantor etc., that is, wants that difficulty of construction and cost can be reduced, also want before capable of simplifying construction procedure It puts, in existing disclosed Specific construction technology, all haves the defects that more or less.Plantation skill such as based on point Art: throw throwing method (application number: 201720124687,201810154867 etc.) and by tool plantation method (application number: 201110077994, cultivation technique 201210076232,201721801734 etc.), vulnerable to water flow, subaqueous soil condition, etc. All many condition limitations, can not realize large area, quickly plantation;As mud and fiber be matrix be laid with plantation method (application number: 200310111602,201521009232,201611222257,201710732486,201711472589), there is breedings The turf grass growing time period is long, and the conditions such as nursery place and hydrology for needing equal proportion limit, and long construction period;Such as application number For flowing waters protection against erosion technology in 201711442853, need barrier dam, backfill in grid and bitter kind of plantation after need plant Take root and grab mud and consolidate that the activity durations such as bed curing period are long, and the construction time is vulnerable to Hydrological Effects;Also 2 in its claims described in: Submerged plant turf is set in three-dimension vegetative net, and only uses seed, fiber and matrix in the prior art, in suitable season With at a temperature of, after a long period, it can just grow into and constitute blockiness heavy of certain structure by root system of plant and fiber Water plant turf, but the turf of land traditional sense can not be grown into, because the turf of land traditional sense is by root It a kind of could resist the turf of certain tearing configuration together with grape stem, and the Portugal of the not no wood substance component containing toughness of fresh water submerged plant The plant of grape stem uniquely expands numerous eel grass by grape stem, and grape stem diameter is very fragile, easily broken less than 2 millimeters.
Artificial waterscape is indispensable in living environment periphery and occupies an important position in garden landscape that these largely divide Before the village Bu behind the house, residential communities, the enclosed landscape water body such as in garden and park, although most of do not have external contamination source Be directly discharged into, but there is the cumulative effect of nutritive salt and oxygen content are low, water body is transparent low, is arranging the sunlit summer by force Season, water quality will usually become nigrescence or alga eruption.This kind of waters, for antiseep, usually uses hardening pond when building again Bottom, it is difficult to plant submerged plant, most of waters have to let matters drift, and good in economic efficiency property can also endure great number water Take, water body cleannes are reached by refreshing the water periodically, but causes the waste of great lot of water resources;Such as the petrifying water bottom in Guangzhou City Landscape pond, 1-2 or more tap water will be changed in a week by being averaged in summer.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to propose that rattan felt (abbreviation rattan felt) and method for planting are cultivated in a kind of new solid environmental protection, Most of disadvantage of the prior art is overcome, so that the construction that water-bed submerged plant builds group is simpler easy to operate, while can be into Professional etiquette modelling production and transportation, low in cost, high survival rate adapt to the submerged plant under the various hydrology, weather and environmental condition The plantation of eel grass.
Rattan felt of the invention is sprayed the environmentally-friendly plastic under viscous state through the round spinneret orifice of spinneret by spinneret equipment After out, be processed into it is irregular by multiple groups, unordered staggeredly and silk between the mutual adhesion in contact position and the three-dimensional with customizable thickness The wire ring rattan felt of space structure, extexine have the unordered net plane layer naturally constituted by irregular wire ring;The rattan felt institute Can be according to actually can preferentially selecting EVA(ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer using plastics) environmentally-friendly plastic or PLA(polylactic acid) biology Base and recyclable organism degradable material environment-friendly degradable plastics;Plastic density used in the rattan felt if it is greater than water density, The technology that one or more spinneret orifices spray air silk in spinneret can be designed, reaches 950 kilogram/cube of EAV plastic density Rice or so is slightly less than the density of water, so that rattan felt is reached slight float in water and requires;The rattan felt has by irregular wire ring structure At netted squashed structure and culture hole with self-retaining submerged plant plant function, the culture hole be in certain rule It is distributed in the hollow straight-through flat-shaped post holes in rattan felt with dense vertical, cultivation pitch of holes is regular at 100-250 millimeters or more Arrangement, this culture hole can be floated by the moderate pressure fixing plant of rattan silk, and can effectively prevent turbulent flow wash away it is fixed after Plant, flat shape are fixed on the line style in a strip shape of plant after fixing in culture hole, can increase in this way and dotted cultivation skill The turf grass growing time gap of art, so that plant turf grass growing time will be faster than traditional method for planting;Can have in the rattan carpet veneer by not advising The then netted vertical or horizontal bypass structure hole of disc that wire ring is constituted, can the progress assembly of rattan felt after insertion rod in structure hole Combination and the planar structure power for reinforcing rattan felt.The rattan felt be a kind of apparent density can control 20-60 kilograms per cubic meter with Under low-density elasticity cultivation bed, length can cut randomly as needed, width by mechanical equipment size limit with it is existing The rattan felt amplitude of production can cut randomly the cultivation bed of width within 2 meters.
Further, rattan felt bottom and side can become independent plantation function after glued high-density plastic nets Planting tray cultivates bed.
Further, after the rattan felt removes any surface up and down by mechanical subdivision, and then rattan felt cut section is natural shaped It is the rattan felt for the male and fomale(M&F) that surface is made of irregular unordered wire ring, regard bumps as bottom surface, makes it have more preferable mud and grab ground The cultivation bed suitable for mountain area property river of the anti-current-rush of power.
Further, after the rattan felt removes upper and lower surfaces by mechanical subdivision, it is smaller more to be further formed apparent density Economic cultivation bed.
Further, the rattan felt is extracted the surface layer rattan felt of 2-3 times of string diameter thickness of surface layer, can be formed after hot pressing by machinery The unordered netted more economical single layer of sheet cultivates bed net.
Solid bed method for planting of the submerged plant eel grass on rattan felt: the rattan felt of suitable type is selected as needed and is cut and is closed Suitable length, hanks more plants of ripe eel grass plant, is put into the culture hole that short-axis direction is expanded by external force, and being put into depth is eel grass It is lower than rattan felt surface at the top of bulb, after the external force for then unclamping extension culture hole, is restored to culture hole by natural resiliency power Flat state originally reaches plant and consolidates bed;For the cultivation without working in water, optimal is light on workbench indoors Pine is efficiently completed, the shadow that cold, high temperature, solarization, the outdoor harsh environmental factors such as drench with rain can be overcome to construct eel grass plantation It rings, moreover it is possible to using the high condition of early spring severe winter water temperature, transparency, reach the early advantage for planting precocity level ground, and big portion, China can be overcome Influence of the rainy season of region-by-region spring non-early summer to construction;Be fixed with the rattan felt of eel grass, weight per square meter at 1-2 kilograms hereinafter, People can easily be transferred into specified waters.
Further, the culture hole and three-dimensional Li Xiusi that external force restores original flat are expanded by external force and cancelled to the rattan felt Hoop net structure combines, and the heavy plant eel grass plant of heavy water for overcoming softness cannot be implanted directly into matrix by autologous tissue and lack Bitter herbs corm can easily be partially placed into after rattan felt culture hole and can be used as submerged plant hardship easily by solid bed by point The optimal case of the soilless cultivation bed of grass uses.
Field planting has the rattan felt of plant laying method in water: will lie down lower rattan felt of keeping afloat and moves on to and plants waters position Afterwards, on rattan felt every square metre be sprinkled with about 50 grams, 3-5 millimeters of partial size of rubble or other similar solids, then pass through guiding Bar allows rattan felt slowly to sink under water, and completes the eel grass plantation for the submerged plant for being colonized the rattan felt for having plant.
Cultivation rattan felt technology of the invention is that one kind is commonly in technology used in foot pad and filtering, and this method is changed to it It is developed into purposes, is a kind of application in full field for the plantation of submerged plant eel grass.Cultivation rattan felt skill of the invention Art can overcome eel grass to be limited when planting by weather, season, temperature, the hydrology, depth condition etc., it can indoors quickly will be mature Eel grass seedling insertion rattan felt culture hole in, using severe winter or early spring water body it is transparent it is high under conditions of, in the case where draining water, Carry out it is large stretch of, carry out in large area it is large stretch of, in large area it is economical, quickly carry out eel grass and jettisoning plantation.Wire ring cultivates rattan felt skill Art not only significantly improves the field planting rate and survival rate of submerged vegetation, enhances the stability and protection against erosion in its root fixation riverbed, It also helps the growth of submerged vegetation, while project cost and relatively low, meets the developing direction of ecological engineering, in China's water and soil Holding, Water Ecological Recovery, Ecology building, ecological aquaculture cultivation, have in ornamental water scenery small stream pond and aquarium etc. it is very big practical Value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is rattan felt three dimensional structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is the three dimensional structure diagram that rattan felt side and bottom are stained with net.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2: 1, rattan felt;2, culture hole;3, structure hole;4, side net;5, spacer screen.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to Figure of description of the invention, technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described;It is aobvious So, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.At least one is shown below The description only actually of example property embodiment be it is illustrative, never as to of the invention and its application or any limit used System.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts Every other embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Unless specifically stated otherwise, positioned opposite, the digital table of the component and step that otherwise illustrate in these embodiments It is not limited the scope of the invention up to formula and numerical value.Simultaneously, it should be appreciated that for ease of description, each portion shown in attached drawing The size divided not is to draw according to actual proportionate relationship.For technology, side known to person of ordinary skill in the relevant Method and equipment may be not discussed in detail, but in the appropriate case, and the technology, method and apparatus should be considered as authorizing explanation A part of book.In shown here and discussion all examples, any occurrence should be construed as merely illustratively, and Not by way of limitation.Therefore, the other examples of exemplary embodiment can have different values.It should also be noted that similar label Similar terms are indicated in following attached drawing with letter, therefore, once it is defined in a certain Xiang Yi attached drawing, then subsequent attached It does not need that it is further discussed in figure.
Rattan felt of the invention is to be ejected the plastics under viscous state through the round spinneret orifice of spinneret by spinneret equipment Afterwards, be processed into it is irregular by multiple groups, unordered staggeredly and silk between the mutual adhesion in contact position and the three-dimensional space with customizable thickness Between structure wire ring rattan felt 1, with a thickness of 3-40 millimeters, extexine have naturally constituted by irregular wire ring it is unordered netted flat Surface layer;Plastic density used in the rattan felt can design one or more sprays in spinneret if it is greater than the density of water Wire hole sprays the technology of air silk, reaches 950 kilograms per cubic meter of EAV plastic density or so, is slightly less than the density of water, enables rattan felt Reach slight float in water to require;The rattan felt has the netted squashed structure being made of irregular wire ring and sinks with self-retaining The culture hole 2 of water plant function, the culture hole be distributed in certain rule and dense vertical it is hollow in rattan felt Straight-through flat-shaped post holes, long axis direction length are 30-50 millimeters or more, and about 3-6 millimeters of short-axis direction width, cultivation pore size distribution is close Degree is arranged at 100-300 millimeters or more, this culture hole can be by the fixed plant of moderate oppressive force of rattan silk, and can effectively prevent Turbulent flow washes away fixed plant, and the line style of plant is distributed cultivation, moreover it is possible to increase the gap with dotted cultivation technique turf grass growing time, make Plant Cheng Ping is faster;There can be the netted vertical or horizontal bypass structure of the disc being made of irregular wire ring in the rattan carpet veneer Hole 3,6-10 millimeters of diameter, in structure hole be inserted into rod after can rattan felt carry out assembling combination and reinforce rattan felt planar structure. The rattan felt is that a kind of apparent density can control elasticity cultivation bed in 20-60 kilograms per cubic meter of low-density below, length Degree can be cut randomly as needed, and width is limited by mechanical equipment size and the rattan felt amplitude of existing production is within 2 meters, and can Cut randomly the plantation bed of width.
Further, side net 4 and spacer screen 5 through glued certain density of rattan felt bottom and side, mesh, can less than 20 mesh Bed is cultivated to become the planting tray of independent plantation function.
Further, after the rattan felt removes a wherein surface layer by mechanical subdivision, and then it is surface that cut section is natural shaped By the rattan felt for the male and fomale(M&F) that irregular unordered wire ring is constituted, it regard bumps as bottom surface, makes it have the water resistant stream of more preferable road holding The solid space suitable for mountain area property river of impact cultivates bed.
Further, after the rattan felt removes upper and lower surface layer by mechanical subdivision, it is smaller, more to be further formed apparent density Economic solid space cultivates bed.
Solid bed method for planting of the submerged plant eel grass in rattan felt: suitable type and thickness are selected as needed and is cut The rattan felt of appropriate length hanks ripe plant more, is put into the culture hole for spreading short-axis direction, unclamps and spreads After culture hole external force, then culture hole is restored to original flat state by own resilient, reaches fixed plant.It is this need to be Complete the work of field planting plant on the bank, the work even can on workbench indoors easily, efficiently, quickly finish, And cold, high temperature, solarization, the influence for the outdoor harsh environmental factors such as drench with rain can be overcome;It is fixed with the rattan felt of eel grass, every square metre For weight at 1-2 kilograms hereinafter, people can easily be transferred into specified water, the approximate method jettisoninged of progress carries out laying rattan Felt.
Field planting has laying method in the rattan felt water of plant: the rattan felt lieed down under keeping afloat is moved on into plantation water surface site, About 50 grams, 3-5 millimeters of partial size of rubble or other similar solids are sprinkled with for every square metre on rattan felt, is oriented to by bar, allow rattan Felt slowly sinks under water, and the eel grass plantation for being colonized the submerged plant for the rattan felt for having plant is rapidly completed in this way.
Cultivation rattan felt of the invention is in water and soil conservation, Water Ecological Recovery, Ecology building, ecological aquaculture cultivation, ornamental water There is very big practical value in Jing Xichi and aquarium etc..
The laying method of water and soil water and soil conservation: it selects one side to be male and fomale(M&F) as the strip rattan felt of bottom surface and is used as cultivation Bed, and culture hole short-axis direction is identical as water (flow) direction, has rattan felt one end of eel grass in the upstream of water flow by inserting wood field planting The methods of nail or pressure stone, are fixed on the bottom for this one end, then along water (flow) direction, according to water flow size, from top to bottom, in rattan Rubble or slotting wooden peg are spread above felt, makes rattan felt implantation.
Ornamental waterspace pool and ornamental aquarium laying method: it selects the viscous back in hand hay cutter face, bottom surface to have the rattan of net viscous, field planting is had into hardship The rattan felt of grass is placed in bottom of pond, and sintering peat grain and rough sand mixture are then uniformly spread above rattan felt, and the mixture partial size needs Greater than back screen distance, it is less than 2-3 millimeters;Reach rattan felt thickness 4/5 is preferred, and can thus be become independent planting tray, can be answered For watching water scenery small stream pond and aquarium etc..
The above is only preferred embodiments of the invention, it should be pointed out that: for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, various improvements and modifications may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, these are improved also answers with retouching It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of submerged plant plants rattan felt, rattan felt of the invention, by spinneret equipment by the environmentally-friendly plastic under viscous state through spraying After the round spinneret orifice of filament plate ejects, be processed into it is irregular by multiple groups, unordered staggeredly and silk between the mutual adhesion in contact position and The wire ring rattan felt of three-D space structure with customizable thickness, extexine have the unordered net naturally constituted by irregular wire ring Shape plane layer;The used plastics of rattan felt can be according to actually can preferentially selecting EVA(ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer) Environment-friendlyplastic plastic Material or PLA(polylactic acid) biology base and recyclable organism degradable material environment-friendly degradable plastics;Plastics used in the rattan felt are close Degree can design the technology of one or more spinneret orifices spray air silk in spinneret, reach EAV modeling if it is greater than the density of water 950 kilograms per cubic meter of density or so of material is slightly less than the density of water, so that rattan felt is reached slight float in water and requires;The rattan Felt has the netted squashed structure being made of irregular wire ring and the culture hole with self-retaining submerged plant plant function, described in Culture hole is the hollow straight-through flat-shaped post holes being distributed in rattan felt in certain rule and dense vertical, cultivates pitch of holes in 100- 250 millimeters or more regular arrangements, this culture hole can be floated by the moderate pressure fixing plant of rattan silk, and can effectively prevent Turbulent flow washes away the plant after fixing, and flat shape is fixed on the line style in a strip shape of plant after fixing in culture hole, such energy The turf grass growing time gap with dotted cultivation technique is increased, so that plant turf grass growing time will be faster than traditional method for planting;The rattan felt There can be the netted vertical or horizontal bypass structure hole of the disc being made of irregular wire ring in layer, rod is inserted into structure hole The planar structure power that can rattan felt progress assembling combination afterwards and reinforce rattan felt;The rattan felt is that a kind of apparent density can control The elasticity cultivation bed of 20-60 kilograms per cubic meter of low-density below, length can be cut randomly as needed, and width is by machinery The rattan felt amplitude of instrument size limitation and existing production can cut randomly the cultivation bed of width within 2 meters.
2. further, rattan felt bottom and side can become the kind of independent plantation function after glued high-density plastic nets It plants disk and cultivates bed.
3. further, the rattan felt passes through after mechanical subdivision removes upper and lower any surface, and then rattan felt cut section is natural shaped is The rattan felt for the male and fomale(M&F) that surface is made of irregular unordered wire ring regard bumps as bottom surface, makes it have more preferable mud road holding Anti-current-rush the cultivation bed suitable for mountain area property river.
4. being further formed that apparent density is smaller more to pass through after further, the rattan felt removes upper and lower surfaces by machinery subdivision The cultivation bed of Ji.
5. further, the rattan felt extracts the surface layer rattan felt of 2-3 times of string diameter thickness of surface layer, can form piece after hot pressing by machinery The unordered netted more economical single layer of shape cultivates bed net.
6. the culture hole of flat according to claim 1, right not only limit flat, strip, ellipse etc. can also be Analogous shape.
7. the rattan felt is expanded and cancelled by external force, external force restores the culture hole of original flat and three-dimensional stand stops wire ring web frame It combines, matrix disadvantage cannot be implanted directly by overcoming the heavy plant eel grass plant of soft heavy water by autologous tissue, can be easily Bitter herbs corm is partially placed into after rattan felt culture hole and can be used as planting without soil for submerged plant eel grass easily by solid bed by ground The optimal case for training bed uses.
8. field planting has the rattan felt water float formula of plant to jettisoning laying method: the rattan felt lieed down under keeping afloat is moved on to plantation water Face position is sprinkled with about 50 grams, 3-5 millimeters of partial size of rubble or other similar solids for every square metre on rattan felt, is led by bar To, allow rattan felt slowly to sink under water, be rapidly completed in this way field planting have plant rattan felt submerged plant eel grass plantation.
CN201910018103.3A 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 A kind of economic and environment-friendly type submerged plant eel grass cultivation rattan felt and method for planting Pending CN109511422A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110337946A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-10-18 耀华园林股份有限公司 A kind of device and its working method of environment-friendly type kind planting submerged plant

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110337946A (en) * 2019-08-13 2019-10-18 耀华园林股份有限公司 A kind of device and its working method of environment-friendly type kind planting submerged plant
CN110337946B (en) * 2019-08-13 2021-05-28 耀华园林股份有限公司 Environment-friendly device for planting submerged plants and working method thereof

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