CN109506366A - A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method - Google Patents

A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109506366A
CN109506366A CN201811413941.2A CN201811413941A CN109506366A CN 109506366 A CN109506366 A CN 109506366A CN 201811413941 A CN201811413941 A CN 201811413941A CN 109506366 A CN109506366 A CN 109506366A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
heat exchange
channel
flue gas
natural gas
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811413941.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔小勤
Original Assignee
崔小勤
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 崔小勤 filed Critical 崔小勤
Priority to CN201811413941.2A priority Critical patent/CN109506366A/en
Publication of CN109506366A publication Critical patent/CN109506366A/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/22Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating
    • F24H1/40Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water tube or tubes
    • F24H1/43Water heaters other than continuous-flow or water storage heaters, e.g. water-heaters for central heating with water tube or tubes helically or spirally coiled
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C1/00Combustion apparatus specially adapted for combustion of two or more kinds of fuel simultaneously or alternately, at least one kind of fuel being either a fluid fuel or a solid fuel suspended in a carrier gas or air
    • F23C1/08Combustion apparatus specially adapted for combustion of two or more kinds of fuel simultaneously or alternately, at least one kind of fuel being either a fluid fuel or a solid fuel suspended in a carrier gas or air liquid and gaseous fuel
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES 
    • F23J15/00Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes
    • F23J15/06Arrangements of devices for treating smoke or fumes of coolers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K5/00Feeding or distributing other fuel to combustion apparatus
    • F23K5/02Liquid fuel
    • F23K5/14Details thereof
    • F23K5/22Vaporising devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/18Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements
    • F24H9/1809Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters
    • F24H9/1836Arrangement or mounting of grates, burners, or heating elements for water heaters fluid combustible heating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23KFEEDING FUEL TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS
    • F23K2300/00Pretreatment and supply of liquid fuel
    • F23K2300/20Supply line arrangements
    • F23K2300/205Vaporising
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/30Technologies for a more efficient combustion or heat usage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of vertical natural gas boilers, including vertical pan, the liner wall body for being internally provided with post shapes of the vertical pan, the flue gas heat exchange layer of central column is formed between the liner wall body and the vertical pan inner wall, flue gas heat exchange layer upper end is connected with total smoke exhaust pipe, it spirals in the shape of a spiral in the flue gas heat exchange layer and is provided with water conservancy diversion heat exchange band, the spiral inner edge integration of the water conservancy diversion heat exchange band connects the liner wall body, and the heat for the flue gas that water conservancy diversion heat exchange band is absorbed can pass to liner wall body;Structure of the invention is simple, fuel combination homogeneous heating, and since flue gas shunting shell is completely submerged in liquid storage chamber, thus the flue gas heat that is absorbed of flue gas shunting shell can pass in the water in liquid storage chamber, and then promote heating.

Description

A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of boilers more particularly to a kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working methods.

Background technique

It is abundant to be easy to burning as gaseous fuel in the boiler for natural gas;And ethyl alcohol is liquid at normal temperature, ethyl alcohol combustion It cannot enter in gaseous form as natural gas when material supply is in burner hearth, thus be easy to generate burning not in the boiler Uniform phenomenon, thus ethyl alcohol is few as the boiler plant of fuel.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of combustion even, and heating is abundant A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method.

Technical solution: to achieve the above object, a kind of vertical natural gas boiler of the invention, including vertical pan, it is described The liner wall body for being internally provided with post shapes of vertical pan, forms ring between the liner wall body and the vertical pan inner wall Columnar flue gas heat exchange layer, flue gas heat exchange layer upper end are connected with total smoke exhaust pipe, in the flue gas heat exchange layer helically Shape, which spirals, is provided with water conservancy diversion heat exchange band, and the spiral inner edge integration of the water conservancy diversion heat exchange band connects the liner wall body, and water conservancy diversion changes The heat for the flue gas that the torrid zone is absorbed can pass to liner wall body;

The inside of the liner wall body is cylindrical liquid storage chamber, concentric in the liquid storage chamber to be provided with vertical furnace; The lower section of the vertical furnace is concentric to be provided with discoid flue gas shunting shell, and the inside of the flue gas shunting shell is cigarette Gas splitter cavity, the bending tubes end of the flue gas shunting chamber connect the smoke evacuation end of the vertical furnace by discharge flue connection;It is described Circumferentially array is evenly distributed with several shunting smoke guide pipes on the circumferential wall body of flue gas shunting shell, and each shunting smoke guide pipe will Flue gas heat exchange layer lower end and flue gas shunting chamber are interconnected;The bottom of the flue gas shunting shell is concentric by support column Fixed support is arranged in the liquid storage chamber bottom.

Further, the vertical furnace is the cylindricality heat-conducting shell structure for erectting posture, the shell of the vertical furnace The internal concentric combustion chamber for being provided with vertical type columnar;Several vertical heat exchange straight tubes, each institute are also distributed in the combustion chamber The liquid level position that the upper end of heat exchange straight tube extends to the upper surface of the vertical furnace and is connected in the liquid storage chamber is stated, respectively The lower end of the heat exchange straight tube longitudinally through the flue gas shunting shell and is connected to the liquid storage chamber bottom;And each heat exchange is directly Pipe is along the burning cavity axis circumferentially array distribution;It is also concentric in the combustion chamber to be provided with cylindrical flame cylinder, institute Flame cylinder is stated to be located in the range of several heat exchange straight tubes enclose;Also circumferentially array is evenly equipped with several combustion gas on the flame cylinder Squit hole, gas combustion gas in flame cylinder sprays combustion chamber in divergent shape by several combustion gas squit holes and to spray to each heat exchange straight Pipe.

Further, the upper end integrated coaxial heart of the vertical furnace is connected with cricoid air inlet shell, described It is provided with annular chamber in air inlet shell, is separated between the annular chamber and the combustion chamber by the dish type wall body;Institute It states on dish type wall body circumferentially array hollow out and is provided with several combustion air air inlets, each combustion air air inlet will be described It is interconnected between annular chamber and combustion chamber;Combustion air booster fan, the pressurization wind are provided with outside the liquid reservoir The discharge pipe of machine protrudes into the annular chamber;It is concentric inside the flame cylinder to be provided with dish type partition, the dish type partition Upside is blast tube, is the discharge flue on the downside of the dish type partition;It is logical that each combustion gas squit hole is connected to the combustion gas Road;Also hollow out is provided with several smoke guiding holes in the flame cylinder bottom side of the wall, and several smoke guiding holes are connected to the discharge flue, described Discharge flue lower end is connected to the flue gas shunting chamber;Piston is provided in the blast tube, the piston leads to the combustion gas Blockage is at alcohol vapour channel and natural gas channel, and wherein piston underside is natural gas channel, and piston on the side is alcohol vapour Channel;It further include the hard gas injection straight tube concentric with the alcohol vapour channel, the hard gas injection straight tube sealing sliding is worn That crosses dish type wall body centre passes through hole, and the hard gas injection straight tube protrudes into one end in the alcohol vapour channel Integration connects the piston, and concentric in hard gas injection straight tube to be provided with natural gas supply channel, the natural gas supply is logical The lower end in road is connected to the natural gas channel;The upper end of the hard gas injection straight tube is fixedly connected with gas adapter;Further include The outlet side of natural gas supply pipe flexible, the natural gas supply pipe connects the gas adapter;The natural gas supply Pipe is connected to the natural gas supply channel by gas adapter;

It is additionally provided with carrying platform on the upside of the vertical pan, support member, the branch are provided on the carrying platform Line handspike motor, the switching of gas described in the line handspike lower end synchronized links of the line handspike motor are installed on the part of support part Head.

Further, it also spirals in the shape of a spiral between the flame cylinder and burning cavity wall and is provided with ethyl alcohol vapor lamp;Institute The one end for stating ethyl alcohol vapor lamp is connected to the alcohol vapour channel by transfer tube, and the other end connection of the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp is outer The ethanol liquid supply pipe in portion is additionally provided with the check valve for preventing gas reflux in the ethanol liquid supply pipe;The ethyl alcohol Air pressure inductor is provided in steam channel and natural gas channel;Electronic lighter is provided in the combustion chamber;It is described The other end of ethanol liquid supply pipe is provided with liquid ethanol feedway.

Further, a kind of application method of vertical natural gas boiler:

Preparation stage: cold water to be heated is first injected into liquid storage chamber before equipment starting, and makes the liquid in liquid storage chamber Face is totally submerged vertical furnace;

Fume afterheat utilizes method: the high-temperature flue gas that burning generates in the combustion chamber of vertical furnace is continued by discharge flue Arrange intracavitary to flue gas shunting, since flue gas shunting shell is completely submerged in liquid storage chamber, thus flue gas shunting shell is absorbed Flue gas heat can pass in the water in liquid storage chamber, and then promote heating, and the intracavitary flue gas of flue gas shunting passes through each at the same time A shunting smoke guide pipe uniformly introduces the lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer, and then enters the high-temperature flue gas of the lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer Direction of spiraling along water conservancy diversion heat exchange band is gradually risen in the shape of a spiral, and high-temperature flue gas spirals direction in the shape of a spiral along water conservancy diversion heat exchange band The heat for the flue gas that water conservancy diversion heat exchange band is absorbed during gradually riseing can pass to liner wall body, and then liner wall body continues Heat is released into liquid storage chamber by heat transfer, and then realizes the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of flue gas;Final flue gas passes through on flue gas heat exchange layer Total smoke exhaust pipe discharge at end;

Burning heating method in combustion chamber: starting combustion air booster fan, and then make to be formed in annular chamber combustion-supporting Air wind pressure, and then the combustion air in annular chamber constantly imports second by several combustion air air inlet uniformly continuous in a steady stream In alcohol steam channel;Start line handspike motor at the same time, so that line handspike is done contractile motion, and then do upwards with piston Movement, until flame cylinder on all combustion gas squit holes be connected to natural gas channel, natural gas supply pipe is continuously to day at this time Right gas air supply channel supplies natural gas, and then makes to form natural gas air pressure in natural gas channel, and then the storage in natural gas channel Natural gas is pressed to spray cylindricality combustion chamber in divergent shape by several combustion gas squit holes, the electronics started in combustion chamber at the same time is beaten Fiery device, and then several combustion gas squit holes is made to spray combustion of natural gas flame, and then flame end to cylindricality combustion chamber in divergent shape End uniformly sprays on vertical furnace inner wall and each heat exchange straight tube, and then heats vertical furnace wall body and each heat exchange straight tube sufficiently, And then under the action of heat transfer, vertical furnace wall body carries out continuous heating to the water in liquid storage chamber, and each heat exchange is straight at the same time The heated rear volume expansion of water in pipe, and then heated water does the movement floated in each heat exchange straight tube, and then keeps each heat exchange straight Water in pipe persistently does upward flowing, and the water of liquid storage chamber bottom is supplemented to immediately in each heat exchange straight tube, and then makes each heat exchange Straight tube realizes circulating-heating;Ethyl alcohol vapor lamp is totally submerged in the flame in cylindricality combustion chamber at the same time, and then makes ethyl alcohol Vapor lamp is in continuous high temperature state;Start line handspike motor at this time, so that line handspike is done stretching motion, and then with piston Downward movement is done, until natural gas channel is identical as the axial length in alcohol vapour channel;Ethanol liquid supplies at the same time Pipe continues to supply liquid ethanol to ethyl alcohol vapor lamp, and the liquid ethanol flowed into the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp is gasified rapidly, and gas Gas alcohol vapour after change is imported into rapidly in alcohol vapour channel by transfer tube, and then makes to be formed in alcohol vapour channel The alcohol vapour of pressure accumulation, several combustion gas squit holes being connected at this time with alcohol vapour channel are sprayed in divergent shape to cylindricality combustion chamber Alcohol vapour out, several combustion gas squit holes being connected at the same time with natural gas channel are sprayed in divergent shape to cylindricality combustion chamber Natural gas, and then several combustion gas squit holes being connected with alcohol vapour channel spray ethyl alcohol to cylindricality combustion chamber in divergent shape and steam Vapour combustion flame, several combustion gas squit holes being connected with natural gas channel spray natural gas combustion to cylindricality combustion chamber in divergent shape Make a fire flame;The Flame of Natural Gas in cylindricality combustion chamber and alcohol vapour flame are jointly to its vertical furnace inner wall and each heat exchange in turn Straight tube carries out continuous heating, and then under the action of heat transfer, and vertical furnace wall body carries out continuous heating to the water in liquid storage chamber, The heated rear volume expansion of water at the same time respectively in heat exchange straight tube, and then heated water does the fortune to float in each heat exchange straight tube It is dynamic, and then the water in each heat exchange straight tube is made persistently to do upward flowing, and the water of liquid storage chamber bottom is supplemented to each heat exchange directly immediately In pipe, and then each heat exchange straight tube is made to realize circulating-heating, makes the water persistently overheating in liquid storage chamber, at the same time alcohol vapour channel Its air pressure is monitored in real time with the air pressure inductor in natural gas channel, if the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel is greater than natural gas channel Interior air pressure, and then drive piston to do upward movement, and then reduce the quantity of the combustion gas squit hole in connection alcohol vapour channel, The unit time spray volume in alcohol vapour channel is reduced, and then plays restriction effect, increases the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel, Until the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel is identical as the air pressure in natural gas channel, and then guarantee that the injection of whole flame is uniform Property;Similarly, if the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel is less than the air pressure in natural gas channel, and then piston is driven to do downward fortune It is dynamic.

The utility model has the advantages that structure of the invention is simple, fuel combination homogeneous heating, since flue gas shunting shell is completely submerged in In liquid storage chamber, thus the flue gas heat that is absorbed of flue gas shunting shell can pass in the water in liquid storage chamber, and then promote heating, The intracavitary flue gas of flue gas shunting uniformly introduces the lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer by each shunting smoke guide pipe at the same time, enters The high-temperature flue gas of lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer gradually rises in the shape of a spiral along the direction of spiraling of water conservancy diversion heat exchange band, high-temperature flue gas edge The heat for the flue gas that water conservancy diversion heat exchange band is absorbed during the direction of spiraling of water conservancy diversion heat exchange band is gradually risen in the shape of a spiral can pass Liner wall body is passed, and then liner wall body continues through heat transfer and releases heat into liquid storage chamber, and then realizes the waste heat of flue gas It utilizes.

Detailed description of the invention

Attached drawing 1 is overall structure of the present invention;

Attached drawing 2 is the three-dimensional cutaway view of this equipment;

Attached drawing 3 just cuts open schematic diagram for this equipment;

Attached drawing 4 is the c of attached drawing 3 to cross-sectional view;

Attached drawing 5 is the partial sectional view of flame cylinder.

Specific embodiment

The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawing.

A kind of vertical natural gas boiler as shown in attached drawing 1 to 5, including vertical pan 76, the vertical pan 76 it is interior Portion is provided with the liner wall body 115 of post shapes, forms central column between 76 inner wall of the liner wall body 115 and the vertical pan Flue gas heat exchange layer 117,117 upper end of flue gas heat exchange layer is connected with total smoke exhaust pipe 119, the flue gas heat exchange layer 117 It inside spirals in the shape of a spiral and is provided with water conservancy diversion heat exchange band 110, the spiral inner edge integration connection of the water conservancy diversion heat exchange band 110 is described interior The heat of gallbladder wall body 115, the flue gas that water conservancy diversion heat exchange band 110 is absorbed can pass to liner wall body 115;

The inside of the liner wall body 115 is cylindrical liquid storage chamber 73, in the liquid storage chamber 73 it is concentric be provided with it is vertical Formula furnace body 75;The lower section of the vertical furnace 75 is concentric to be provided with discoid flue gas shunting shell 111, the flue gas shunting The inside of shell 111 is flue gas shunting chamber 112, and the bending tubes end of the flue gas shunting chamber 112 is connected by the connection of discharge flue 23.1 Connect the smoke evacuation end of the vertical furnace 75;Circumferentially array is evenly distributed on the circumferential wall body of the flue gas shunting shell 111 Several shunting smoke guide pipes 114, each shunting smoke guide pipe 114 is by 117 lower end of flue gas heat exchange layer and 112 phase of flue gas shunting chamber It is intercommunicated;The bottom of the flue gas shunting shell 111 is arranged by the concentric fixed support of support column 113 in the liquid storage chamber 73 Bottom.

The vertical furnace 75 is the cylindricality heat-conducting shell structure for erectting posture, and the enclosure interior of the vertical furnace 75 is same Axle center is provided with the combustion chamber 18 of vertical type columnar;Several vertical heat exchange straight tubes 116, each institute are also distributed in the combustion chamber 18 State the liquid level that the upper end of heat exchange straight tube 116 extends to the upper surface 120 of the vertical furnace 75 and is connected in the liquid storage chamber 73 The lower end of position, each heat exchange straight tube 116 longitudinally through the flue gas shunting shell 111 and is connected to the liquid storage chamber 73 Bottom;And each heat exchange straight tube 116 is along 18 axis of combustion chamber circumferentially array distribution;It is also coaxial in the combustion chamber 18 The heart is provided with cylindrical flame cylinder 21, and the flame cylinder 21 is located in the range of several heat exchange straight tubes 116 enclose;The spray Also circumferentially array is evenly equipped with several combustion gas squit holes 22 on fiery cylinder 21, and the gas combustion gas in flame cylinder 21 passes through several gas injections Portal 22 in divergent shape ejection combustion chamber 18 and sprays to each heat exchange straight tube 116.

The upper end integrated coaxial heart of the vertical furnace 75 is connected with cricoid air inlet shell 12, the air into It is provided with annular chamber 15 in gas shell 12, is divided between the annular chamber 15 and the combustion chamber 18 by the dish type wall body 17 Every;Circumferentially array hollow out is provided with several combustion air air inlets 16 on the dish type wall body 17, each combustion air into Stomata 16 will be interconnected between the annular chamber 15 and combustion chamber 18;Combustion air increasing is provided with outside the liquid reservoir 73 Pressure fan 5, the discharge pipe 13 of the booster fan 5 protrude into the annular chamber 15;The 21 concentric setting in inside of flame cylinder There is dish type partition 29, it is the discharge flue on the downside of the dish type partition 29 that the upside of the dish type partition 29, which is blast tube, 23.1;Each combustion gas squit hole 22 is connected to the blast tube;If also hollow out is provided in 21 bottom side of the wall of flame cylinder Dry smoke guiding hole 23, several smoke guiding holes 23 are connected to the discharge flue 23.1, and 23.1 lower end of discharge flue is connected to the flue gas Splitter cavity 112;Piston 25 is provided in the blast tube, the piston 25 obstructs the blast tube to be led at alcohol vapour Road 27 and natural gas channel 28 are wherein natural gas channel 28 on the downside of piston 25, are alcohol vapour channel 27 on the upside of piston 25;Also Including the hard gas injection straight tube 4 concentric with the alcohol vapour channel 27, the sealing of hard gas injection straight tube 4 slides through institute That states 17 centre of dish type wall body passes through hole 24, and the hard gas injection straight tube 4 protrudes into the alcohol vapour channel 27 One end integration connects the piston 25, concentric in hard gas injection straight tube 4 to be provided with natural gas supply channel 26, described natural The lower end of gas air supply channel 26 is connected to the natural gas channel 28;The upper end of the hard gas injection straight tube 4 is fixedly connected with gas Adapter 3;It further include natural gas supply pipe 9 flexible, the outlet side of the natural gas supply pipe 9 connects the gas adapter 3;The natural gas supply pipe 9 is connected to the natural gas supply channel 26 by gas adapter 3;

It is additionally provided with carrying platform 72 on the upside of the vertical pan 76, is provided with support member on the carrying platform 72 71, line handspike motor 1 is installed, 2 lower end of line handspike of the line handspike motor 1 is synchronous to be connected in the support member 71 Connect the gas adapter 3.

It also spirals in the shape of a spiral between 18 inner wall of the flame cylinder 21 and combustion chamber and is provided with ethyl alcohol vapor lamp 20;The second One end of alcohol vapor lamp 20 is connected to the alcohol vapour channel 27 by transfer tube 31, and the other end of the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp 20 connects Lead to external ethanol liquid supply pipe 7, is additionally provided with the check valve for preventing gas reflux in the ethanol liquid supply pipe 7;Institute It states in alcohol vapour channel 27 and natural gas channel 28 and is provided with air pressure inductor;Electronics is provided in the combustion chamber 18 to beat Fiery device;The other end of the ethanol liquid supply pipe 7 is provided with liquid ethanol feedway 118.

The method of this programme, process and technological progress arrange as follows:

Preparation stage: cold water to be heated is first injected into liquid storage chamber 73 before equipment starting, and is made in liquid storage chamber 73 Liquid level be totally submerged vertical furnace 75;

Fume afterheat utilizes method: the high-temperature flue gas that burning generates in the combustion chamber 18 of vertical furnace 75 passes through discharge flue 23.1 persistently arrange into flue gas shunting chamber 112, since flue gas shunting shell 111 is completely submerged in liquid storage chamber 73, thus flue gas It shunts in the water that the flue gas heat that shell 111 is absorbed can pass in liquid storage chamber 73, and then promotes heating, at the same time flue gas Flue gas in splitter cavity 112 uniformly introduces the lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer 117, Jin Erjin by each shunting smoke guide pipe 114 The high-temperature flue gas for entering the lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer 117 gradually rises in the shape of a spiral along the direction of spiraling of water conservancy diversion heat exchange band 110, high Warm flue gas along the direction of spiraling of water conservancy diversion heat exchange band 110 gradually rise in the shape of a spiral during water conservancy diversion heat exchange band 110 absorbed The heat of flue gas can pass to liner wall body 115, and then liner wall body 115 continues through heat transfer and releases heat into liquid storage chamber 73 Amount, and then realize the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of flue gas;Final flue gas is discharged by total smoke exhaust pipe 119 of 117 upper end of flue gas heat exchange layer;

Burning heating method in combustion chamber 18: starting combustion air booster fan 5, and then make formation in annular chamber 15 Combustion air wind pressure, and then the combustion air in annular chamber 15 is constantly uniformly connected by several combustion air air inlets 16 in a steady stream It is continuous to import in alcohol vapour channel 27;Start line handspike motor 1 at the same time, line handspike 2 is made to do contractile motion, and then band Piston 25 does upward movement, until all combustion gas squit holes 22 on flame cylinder 21 are connected to natural gas channel 28, at this time Natural gas supply pipe 9 continuously supplies natural gas to natural gas supply channel 26, and then makes to form natural gas in natural gas channel 28 Air pressure, and then the pressure accumulation natural gas in natural gas channel 28 sprays cylindricality combustion chamber in divergent shape by several combustion gas squit holes 22 18, start the electronic lighter in combustion chamber 18 at the same time, and then make several combustion gas squit holes 22 in divergent shape to cylindricality Combustion chamber 18 sprays combustion of natural gas flame, and then flame end uniformly sprays to 75 inner wall of vertical furnace and each heat exchange straight tube 116 On, and then heat 75 wall body of vertical furnace and each heat exchange straight tube 116 sufficiently, and then under the action of heat transfer, vertical furnace 75 wall bodies carry out continuous heating to the water in liquid storage chamber 73, volume expansion after the water respectively in heat exchange straight tube 116 is heated at the same time, And then heated water does the movement floated in each heat exchange straight tube 116, and then does the water in each heat exchange straight tube 116 persistently upwards Flowing, and the water of 73 bottom of liquid storage chamber is supplemented to immediately in each heat exchange straight tube 116, and then follows each realization of heat exchange straight tube 116 Ring heating;Ethyl alcohol vapor lamp 20 is totally submerged in the flame in cylindricality combustion chamber 18 at the same time, and then makes ethyl alcohol vapor lamp 20 are in continuous high temperature state;Start line handspike motor 1 at this time, so that line handspike 2 is done stretching motion, and then with piston 25 Downward movement is done, until natural gas channel 28 is identical as the axial length in alcohol vapour channel 27;Ethanol liquid at the same time Supply pipe 7 continues to supply liquid ethanol to ethyl alcohol vapor lamp 20, flows into the liquid ethanol in the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp 20 by rapid gas Change, and the gas alcohol vapour after gasification is imported into rapidly in alcohol vapour channel 27 by transfer tube 31, and then makes ethyl alcohol The alcohol vapour of pressure accumulation is formed in steam channel 27, several combustion gas squit holes 22 being connected at this time with alcohol vapour channel 27 are in Divergent shape sprays alcohol vapour, several combustion gas squit holes being connected at the same time with natural gas channel 28 to cylindricality combustion chamber 18 22 spray natural gas, and then several combustion gas squit holes being connected with alcohol vapour channel 27 to cylindricality combustion chamber 18 in divergent shape 22 spray alcohol vapour combustion flame, several gas injections being connected with natural gas channel 28 to cylindricality combustion chamber 18 in divergent shape Portal 22 in divergent shape to cylindricality combustion chamber 18 spray combustion of natural gas flame;And then the Flame of Natural Gas in cylindricality combustion chamber 18 Continuous heating is carried out to its 75 inner wall of vertical furnace and each heat exchange straight tube 116 jointly with alcohol vapour flame, and then in heat transfer Under the action of, 75 wall body of vertical furnace carries out continuous heating to the water in liquid storage chamber 73, at the same time respectively in heat exchange straight tube 116 Volume expansion after water is heated, and then heated water does the movement floated in each heat exchange straight tube 116, and then makes each heat exchange straight tube Water in 116 persistently does upward flowing, and the water of 73 bottom of liquid storage chamber is supplemented to immediately in each heat exchange straight tube 116, and then is made Each heat exchange straight tube 116 realizes circulating-heating, makes the water persistently overheating in liquid storage chamber 73, at the same time alcohol vapour channel 27 and day Air pressure inductor in right gas channel 28 monitors its air pressure in real time, if the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel 27 is greater than natural gas channel Air pressure in 28, and then drive piston 25 to do upward movement, and then reduce the combustion gas squit hole in connection alcohol vapour channel 27 22 quantity, reduces the unit time spray volume in alcohol vapour channel 27, and then plays restriction effect, makes alcohol vapour channel 27 Interior air pressure increases, until the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel 27 is identical as the air pressure in natural gas channel 28, and then guarantees whole The injection uniformity of body flame;Similarly, if the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel 27 is less than the air pressure in natural gas channel 28, in turn Driving piston 25 does downward movement.

The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that: for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, various improvements and modifications may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, these improvements and modifications are also answered It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of vertical natural gas boiler, it is characterised in that: including vertical pan (76), the inside of the vertical pan (76) is set It is equipped with the liner wall body (115) of post shapes, forms annulated column between the liner wall body (115) and the vertical pan (76) inner wall The flue gas heat exchange layer (117) of shape, flue gas heat exchange layer (117) upper end are connected with total smoke exhaust pipe (119), and the flue gas changes It spirals in the shape of a spiral in thermosphere (117) and is provided with water conservancy diversion heat exchange band (110), the spiral inner edge one of the water conservancy diversion heat exchange band (110) Bodyization connects the liner wall body (115), and the heat for the flue gas that water conservancy diversion heat exchange band (110) is absorbed can pass to liner wall body (115);
The inside of the liner wall body (115) is cylindrical liquid storage chamber (73), concentric in the liquid storage chamber (73) to be provided with Vertical furnace (75);The lower section of the vertical furnace (75) is concentric to be provided with discoid flue gas shunting shell (111), described The inside of flue gas shunting shell (111) is flue gas shunting chamber (112), and the bending tubes end of the flue gas shunting chamber (112) passes through smoke evacuation Channel (23.1) connection connects the smoke evacuation end of the vertical furnace (75);On the circumferential wall body of the flue gas shunting shell (111) Circumferentially array is evenly distributed with several shunting smoke guide pipes (114), and each shunting smoke guide pipe (114) is by the flue gas heat exchange layer (117) lower end and flue gas shunting chamber (112) are interconnected;The bottom of the flue gas shunting shell (111) passes through support column (113) Concentric fixed support is arranged in the liquid storage chamber (73) bottom.
2. a kind of vertical natural gas boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the vertical furnace (75) is to erect The cylindricality heat-conducting shell structure of posture, the concentric combustion chamber for being provided with vertical type columnar of enclosure interior of the vertical furnace (75) (18);Several vertical heat exchange straight tubes (116), each the upper of straight tube (116) that exchange heat also are distributed in the combustion chamber (18) The liquid level position for extending to the upper surface (120) of the vertical furnace (75) and being connected in the liquid storage chamber (73) is held, respectively The lower end of heat exchange straight tube (116) longitudinally through the flue gas shunting shell (111) and is connected to the liquid storage chamber (73) bottom; And each heat exchange straight tube (116) is along the combustion chamber (18) axis circumferentially array distribution;It is also same in the combustion chamber (18) Axle center is provided with cylindrical flame cylinder (21), and the flame cylinder (21) is located at the range that several heat exchange straight tube (116) are enclosed It is interior;Also circumferentially array is evenly equipped with several combustion gas squit holes (22) on the flame cylinder (21), the gas combustion in flame cylinder (21) Gas sprays combustion chamber (18) in divergent shape by several combustion gas squit holes (22) and sprays to each heat exchange straight tube (116).
3. a kind of vertical natural gas boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper end of the vertical furnace (75) The integrated coaxial heart is connected with cricoid air inlet shell (12), is provided with annular chamber in the air inlet shell (12) (15), separated between the annular chamber (15) and the combustion chamber (18) by the dish type wall body (17);The dish type wall body (17) circumferentially array hollow out is provided with several combustion air air inlets (16) on, and each combustion air air inlet (16) is by institute It states and is interconnected between annular chamber (15) and combustion chamber (18);Combustion air pressurization wind is provided with outside the liquid reservoir (73) Machine (5), the discharge pipe (13) of the booster fan (5) protrude into the annular chamber (15);The flame cylinder (21) is internal coaxial The heart is provided with dish type partition (29), and the upside of the dish type partition (29) is blast tube, is on the downside of the dish type partition (29) The discharge flue (23.1);Each combustion gas squit hole (22) is connected to the blast tube;Flame cylinder (21) lower end side Also hollow out is provided with several smoke guiding holes (23) on wall, and several smoke guiding holes (23) are connected to the discharge flue (23.1), the smoke evacuation Channel (23.1) lower end is connected to the flue gas shunting chamber (112);Piston (25), the piston are provided in the blast tube (25) blast tube is obstructed into alcohol vapour channel (27) and natural gas channel (28), is wherein day on the downside of piston (25) Right gas channel (28), piston (25) upside are alcohol vapour channel (27);It further include coaxial with the alcohol vapour channel (27) The hard gas injection straight tube (4) of the heart, hard gas injection straight tube (4) sealing slide through dish type wall body (17) centre Across hole (24), and the hard gas injection straight tube (4) protrudes into the connection of one end integration in the alcohol vapour channel (27) institute It states piston (25), concentric in hard gas injection straight tube (4) to be provided with natural gas supply channel (26), the natural gas supply channel (26) lower end is connected to the natural gas channel (28);The upper end of the hard gas injection straight tube (4) is fixedly connected with gas switching Head (3);It further include natural gas supply pipe (9) flexible, the outlet side of the natural gas supply pipe (9) connects the gas switching Head (3);The natural gas supply pipe (9) is connected to the natural gas supply channel (26) by gas adapter (3);
It is additionally provided with carrying platform (72) on the upside of the vertical pan (76), is provided with support member on the carrying platform (72) (71), it is equipped with line handspike motor (1) on the support member (71), the line handspike (2) of the line handspike motor (1) Gas adapter (3) described in the synchronized links of lower end.
4. a kind of vertical natural gas boiler according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the flame cylinder (21) and combustion chamber (18) it also spirals in the shape of a spiral between inner wall and is provided with ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20);One end of the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20) is by turning It takes over (31) and is connected to the alcohol vapour channel (27), the ethanol liquid outside the other end connection of the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20) Supply pipe (7) is additionally provided with the check valve for preventing gas reflux on the ethanol liquid supply pipe (7);The alcohol vapour is logical Air pressure inductor is provided in road (27) and natural gas channel (28);Electronic striking dress is provided in the combustion chamber (18) It sets;The other end of the ethanol liquid supply pipe (7) is provided with liquid ethanol feedway (118).
5. a kind of application method of vertical natural gas boiler according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
Preparation stage: cold water to be heated is first injected into liquid storage chamber (73) before equipment starting, and is made in liquid storage chamber (73) Liquid level be totally submerged vertical furnace (75);
Fume afterheat utilizes method: the high-temperature flue gas that burning generates in the combustion chamber (18) of vertical furnace (75) passes through discharge flue (23.1) it persistently arranges into flue gas shunting chamber (112), since flue gas shunting shell (111) is completely submerged in liquid storage chamber (73), The flue gas heat that thus flue gas shunting shell (111) is absorbed can pass in the water in liquid storage chamber (73), and then promote heating, The flue gas in flue gas shunting chamber (112) uniformly introduces flue gas heat exchange layer by each shunting smoke guide pipe (114) at the same time (117) lower end in, and then enter disk of the high-temperature flue gas along water conservancy diversion heat exchange band (110) of the lower end in flue gas heat exchange layer (117) Rotation direction is gradually risen in the shape of a spiral, and high-temperature flue gas exchanges heat along water conservancy diversion and spirals what direction was gradually risen in the shape of a spiral with (110) The heat for the flue gas that water conservancy diversion heat exchange band (110) is absorbed in the process can pass to liner wall body (115), and then liner wall body (115) it continues through heat transfer and releases heat into liquid storage chamber (73), and then realize the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN of flue gas;Final flue gas passes through Total smoke exhaust pipe (119) of flue gas heat exchange layer (117) upper end is discharged;
Burning heating method in combustion chamber (18): starting combustion air booster fan (5), and then make to be formed in annular chamber (15) Combustion air wind pressure, and then the combustion air in annular chamber (15) in a steady stream constantly pass through several combustion air air inlets (16) Uniformly continuous imports in alcohol vapour channel (27);Start line handspike motor (1) at the same time, receives line handspike (2) Contracting movement, and then upward movement is done with piston (25), until all combustion gas squit holes (22) on flame cylinder (21) connect Logical natural gas channel (28), natural gas supply pipe (9) continuously supplies natural gas to natural gas supply channel (26) at this time, and then makes Natural gas air pressure is formed in natural gas channel (28), and then the pressure accumulation natural gas in natural gas channel (28) passes through several gas injections Portal (22) in divergent shape ejection cylindricality combustion chamber (18), starts the electronic lighter in combustion chamber (18) at the same time, into And several combustion gas squit holes (22) is made to spray combustion of natural gas flame, and then flame end to cylindricality combustion chamber (18) in divergent shape It uniformly sprays on vertical furnace (75) inner wall and each heat exchange straight tube (116), and then keeps vertical furnace (75) wall body and each heat exchange straight It manages (116) sufficiently to heat, and then under the action of heat transfer, vertical furnace (75) wall body holds the water in liquid storage chamber (73) Continuous heating, volume expansion after the water respectively in heat exchange straight tube (116) is heated at the same time, and then heated water is in each heat exchange straight tube (116) movement floated is done in, and then the water in each heat exchange straight tube (116) is made persistently to do upward flowing, and liquid storage chamber (73) The water of bottom is supplemented to immediately in each heat exchange straight tube (116), and then each heat exchange straight tube (116) is made to realize circulating-heating;It is same with this When ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20) be totally submerged in the flame in cylindricality combustion chamber (18), and then make ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20) be in hold The continuous condition of high temperature;Start line handspike motor (1) at this time, so that line handspike (2) is done stretching motion, and then do with piston (25) Downward movement, until natural gas channel (28) are identical as the axial length of alcohol vapour channel (27);Ethanol at the same time Body supply pipe (7) continues to supply liquid ethanol to ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20), flows into the liquid ethanol in the ethyl alcohol vapor lamp (20) Gasified rapidly, and the gas alcohol vapour after gasification imported into alcohol vapour channel (27) rapidly by transfer tube (31) It is interior, and then make the alcohol vapour that pressure accumulation is formed in alcohol vapour channel (27), it is connected at this time with alcohol vapour channel (27) Several combustion gas squit holes (22) in divergent shape to cylindricality combustion chamber (18) spray alcohol vapour, at the same time with natural gas channel (28) several combustion gas squit holes (22) being connected spray natural gas to cylindricality combustion chamber (18) in divergent shape, and then steam with ethyl alcohol Several combustion gas squit holes (22) that vapour channel (27) is connected spray alcohol vapour burning to cylindricality combustion chamber (18) in divergent shape Flame, several combustion gas squit holes (22) being connected with natural gas channel (28) spray day to cylindricality combustion chamber (18) in divergent shape Right gas combustion flame;The Flame of Natural Gas in cylindricality combustion chamber (18) and alcohol vapour flame are jointly to its vertical furnace in turn (75) inner wall and each heat exchange straight tube (116) carry out continuous heating, and then under the action of heat transfer, vertical furnace (75) wall body pair Water in liquid storage chamber (73) carries out continuous heating, volume expansion after the water respectively in heat exchange straight tube (116) is heated at the same time, in turn Heated water does the movement floated in each heat exchange straight tube (116), and then does the water in each heat exchange straight tube (116) persistently upwards Flowing, and the water of liquid storage chamber (73) bottom is supplemented to immediately in each heat exchange straight tube (116), and then makes each heat exchange straight tube (116) It realizes circulating-heating, makes the water persistently overheating in liquid storage chamber (73), at the same time alcohol vapour channel (27) and natural gas channel (28) the air pressure inductor in monitors its air pressure in real time, if the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel (27) is greater than natural gas channel (28) Interior air pressure, and then drive piston (25) to do upward movement, and then the combustion gas for reducing connection alcohol vapour channel (27) sprays The quantity in hole (22), reduces the unit time spray volume of alcohol vapour channel (27), and then plays restriction effect, makes alcohol vapour Air pressure in channel (27) increases, until the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel (27) and the air pressure phase in natural gas channel (28) Together, and then guarantee the injection uniformity of whole flame;Similarly, if the air pressure in alcohol vapour channel (27) is less than natural gas channel (28) air pressure in, and then piston (25) is driven to do downward movement.
CN201811413941.2A 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method CN109506366A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811413941.2A CN109506366A (en) 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811413941.2A CN109506366A (en) 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109506366A true CN109506366A (en) 2019-03-22

Family

ID=65750389

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811413941.2A CN109506366A (en) 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 A kind of vertical natural gas boiler and its working method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109506366A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008061510A2 (en) * 2006-11-21 2008-05-29 Webasto Ag Burner for a heater for the combustion of liquid or gaseous fuels and unit from a burner and a heat exchanger
CN205481712U (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 唐怿沛 Energy -conserving efficient gas heater
CN106545859A (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-29 哈尔滨市金京锅炉有限公司 A kind of combustion chamber of liquid fuel and the dual-purpose normal pressure drinking water boiler of biogas
CN108106007A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-01 崔秀萍 The Heat-conduction oil circulation system and its method of a kind of Multi-stage heating
CN108131207A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-08 湖南城市学院 A kind of adjusting method of proportion adjustable alcohol-gasoline double fuel fuel injector
CN108180625A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-19 杨诺 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly coal fired boiler
CN207599683U (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-07-10 苑瀚文 A kind of combustion furnace

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008061510A2 (en) * 2006-11-21 2008-05-29 Webasto Ag Burner for a heater for the combustion of liquid or gaseous fuels and unit from a burner and a heat exchanger
CN106545859A (en) * 2015-09-17 2017-03-29 哈尔滨市金京锅炉有限公司 A kind of combustion chamber of liquid fuel and the dual-purpose normal pressure drinking water boiler of biogas
CN205481712U (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 唐怿沛 Energy -conserving efficient gas heater
CN207599683U (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-07-10 苑瀚文 A kind of combustion furnace
CN108106007A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-06-01 崔秀萍 The Heat-conduction oil circulation system and its method of a kind of Multi-stage heating
CN108180625A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-19 杨诺 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly coal fired boiler
CN108131207A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-08 湖南城市学院 A kind of adjusting method of proportion adjustable alcohol-gasoline double fuel fuel injector

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4257355A (en) Cold water inlet tube
RU2633741C1 (en) Steam and gas generator
US2359108A (en) Power generator
RU2283456C1 (en) Steam-gas generator
RU2378569C2 (en) Straight flow boiler
CN104272024B (en) Burner
CN103899435B (en) A kind of combined type pulse detonation engine detonation chamber
CN202092200U (en) Steam oil removing device for range hood
CN102221228B (en) Collected heat type high efficient and energy-saving burning Chinese food frying-oven
CN204457884U (en) A kind of compressed air energy storage power generating system
CN108050509B (en) It is a kind of based on liquid ethanol-natural gas composite fuel combustion furnace and its method
CN108036305B (en) A kind of double combustion air supply-type boiler furnaces and its method
CN108088078B (en) A kind of horizontal heat transfer oil heater and its method
CN105423342B (en) Tiny engine combustion chamber cavity wall surface evaporation tube
CN207365388U (en) A kind of synthetic fuel water heater
CN108106006B (en) A kind of heat conducting oil boiler and its method of double fuel gas supplies
CN105910094B (en) The integrated steam boiler of gas fuel, fused salt
CN108106008A (en) A kind of Multi-stage heating type heat conducting oil boiler and its method
CN101024859B (en) Ball-shape top-burning type hot-air furnace with annular-arranged vertical up-spray burner
WO2006081720A1 (en) A dry type atomized steam generation method, system and a power generation system
CN204285540U (en) A kind of high-power alcohol radical gasifying furnace head
CN204880067U (en) Vertical gas boiler
CN103471097B (en) A kind of liquid gasification burner
CN201344535Y (en) Multi-nozzle, high-flow and fully-upper-inlet-air embedded household gas stove burner
CN202109547U (en) Heat-collecting type efficient and energy-saving combustion Chinese food frying stove

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination