CN109496731A - A kind of method of cereal volume increase - Google Patents

A kind of method of cereal volume increase Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109496731A
CN109496731A CN201811619840.0A CN201811619840A CN109496731A CN 109496731 A CN109496731 A CN 109496731A CN 201811619840 A CN201811619840 A CN 201811619840A CN 109496731 A CN109496731 A CN 109496731A
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
cereal
organic fertilizer
seawater
seawater rice
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CN201811619840.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
米铁柱
刘日辉
沈妍
张继雨
孙佳丽
齐双慧
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Yuanmi Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Yuanmi Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811619840.0A priority Critical patent/CN109496731A/en
Publication of CN109496731A publication Critical patent/CN109496731A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/04Double-superphosphate; Triple-superphosphate; Other fertilisers based essentially on monocalcium phosphate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources, e.g. sunlight
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

This application discloses a kind of methods of cereal volume increase, comprising the following steps: the production of M1. organic fertilizer: it includes: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash that organic fertilizer, which makes raw material,;M2. site preparation: shallow winter breaking is turned over, subsoiling, is raked the soil level, ground of leveling land with this kind of tool, suppression, level land, harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil field, ridging, bedding;M3. it applies fertilizer: applying the organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer;M4. sow perhaps rice transplanting: cereal is sowed after basking seeds, dressing seed or rice transplanting;M5. it irrigates: during corn growing, needing to irrigate according to weather and corn growing;M6. it harvests: when kernel maturity, grain harvest threshing being dried, be put in storage.The present invention 160~200kg of applying organic manure per acre on the basis of conventional fertilizer application, improves soil fertility, effectively raises the yield of cereal.

Description

A kind of method of cereal volume increase
Technical field
The present invention relates to modern agricultural technology, in particular to a kind of fertilizing method of cereal volume increase.
Background technique
Traditional food of the cereal as Chinese, for thousands of years always on common people's dining table indispensable food it One, it occupies an important position in the diet in China, is the staple food of Chinese tradition.Early in ancients be settled in Yellow River basin it When, plantation cereal just becomes the main survival activity of people.Cereal occupies in the dietary structure of the Chinese nation from there on The status absolutely supported.It can be said that since thousands of years, without the Chinese nation if without food of the cereal to serve as Chinese Multiply and be prosperous, all social activitieies of Chinese and civilization all have related by flesh and blood relationship with cereal in history.
In the nutrient necessary to all plants, nitrogen is limiting plant growth development, forms yield and quality improvement Primary factor.Worldwide the nitrogen content of soil is not high, and nitrogen is easy leaching loss in the soil, and with modern agriculture Development, so that soil with organic matter content drastically reduces the consumption of the aggravation with nitrogen, therefore since 20th century, the production of nitrogenous fertilizer It is constantly in very important status.
Fertilizer is the grain of crop, is the material base of volume increase, China's farmer's proverb have " kind ground is not applied manure to the fields, and is loafed around equal to blind " it It says, is counted according to FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation), effect of the chemical fertilizer in increases in grain production, including this season fertilizer efficiency and aftereffect, average volume increase effect Fruit is 50%, China's soil fertility monitoring in recent years the result shows that, contribution rate of the fertilizer to agricultural output, national average out to 57.8%.China is supported with to account for the arable land in the world 7% and accounts for the population in the world 22%, it should say that half is attributed to the fact that the effect of fertilizer.
With the continuous improvement of socio-economic development and living standards of the people, people are to ecological environment and to agricultural and sideline product matter The requirement of amount also pay attention to day by day, it is a large amount of to apply chemical fertilizer or nutrient formula is improper not only quality of agricultural product be made to decline, but also Ecological environment is also resulted in and is seriously threatened, in addition the long-time service of chemical fertilizer can make the crops underproduction year by year, until can not plough Kind, after the harm for recognizing chemicals fertilizer, people apply organic fertilizer more, but nitrogen contained by existing water organic fertilizer, Phosphorus, potassium composition are seldom, and the requirement of plant growth is not achieved, and cause the yield of cereal not high, and the shadow certain to soil reclamation It rings, this reduces the economic benefits of grower.
Organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer, which match to apply, not only can be improved product quality, also helps and slows down single administration chemical fertilizer to ecological ring The harm in border, it is to guarantee that organic and inorganic fertilizer, which matches both to apply in fertilizing soil and be superior in terms of improving crop yield, which to be administered alone, Stable crop yield and the important measures for pushing agricultural sustainable development.Organic matter can improve soil physics, chemistry and biological nature, Vegetable soil, culture fertility., organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer compounding application can learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses, and mutually promote fertilizer.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in, in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, provide one kind be administered simultaneously it is organic The fertilizing method that fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer increase production cereal, can effectively increase the yield of cereal.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of methods of cereal volume increase, comprising the following steps:
M1. organic fertilizer makes: it includes: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, grass that organic fertilizer, which makes raw material, Wood ash;
M2. site preparation: shallow winter breaking is turned over, subsoiling, is raked the soil level, ground of leveling land with this kind of tool, suppression, level land, harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil field, ridging, bedding;
M3. it applies fertilizer: applying the organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer;
M4. sow perhaps rice transplanting: cereal is sowed after basking seeds, dressing seed or rice transplanting;
M5. it irrigates: during corn growing, needing to irrigate according to weather and corn growing;
M6. it harvests: when kernel maturity, grain harvest threshing being dried, be put in storage.
Preferably, the making step of the organic fertilizer includes:
M1.1 feedstock processing: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls are crushed, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls are obtained Powder, it is spare;
Mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed by M1.2, and gathering is in heaps, The a height of 80-90cm of heap, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferments 10-12 days in 45-50 DEG C of environment, obtains institute State organic fertilizer.
In order to solve the above technical problems, raw material includes: seawater rice straw the present invention also provides a kind of cereal organic fertilizer Stalk, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash.
Preferably, the making step of the organic fertilizer includes:
M1.1 feedstock processing: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls are crushed, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls are obtained Powder, it is spare;
Mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed by M1.2, and gathering is in heaps, The a height of 80-90cm of heap, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferments 10-12 days in 45-50 DEG C of environment, obtains institute State organic fertilizer.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of cereal organic fertilizer, including it is following Step:
M1.1 feedstock processing: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls are crushed, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls are obtained Powder, it is spare;
Mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed by M1.2, and gathering is in heaps, The a height of 80-90cm of heap, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferments 10-12 days in 45-50 DEG C of environment, obtains institute State organic fertilizer.
Preferably, the M3. fertilising further comprises:
M3.1 organic fertilizer: after shallow winter breaking, 160~200 kilograms of organic fertilizer made in step M1 is applied, are then carried out It turns over, organic fertilizer and soil is sufficiently mixed;
M3.2 applies inorganic fertilizer: applying nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and sulfur fertilizer.
Preferably, the nitrogenous fertilizer includes: urea (containing N46%).
Preferably, the phosphate fertilizer includes: double superhosphate (containing P2O544%).
Preferably, the potash fertilizer includes: potassium chloride (containing K2O 60%).
Preferably, the sulfur fertilizer includes: ammonium sulfate (analyzing pure, sulfur-bearing 24%, nitrogen 21%).
Beneficial effect of the present invention includes: the present invention 160~200kg of applying organic manure per acre on the basis of conventional fertilizer application, Soil fertility is improved, the yield of cereal is effectively raised.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail below with reference to embodiment.To keep the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, bright Really, the present invention is described in more detail below, but the invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Cereal method for increasing of the present invention, is administered simultaneously organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer in plot, comprising the following steps:
1. organic fertilizer makes
It includes: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash that organic fertilizer, which makes raw material,.By weight Be calculated as: 110~140 parts of seawater rice straw, 15~20 parts of seawater rice hulls, 130~160 parts of mushroom slag, 115~140 parts of chicken manure, 15~20 parts of plant ash.
Stalk is the general name of mature crops cauline leaf (fringe) part, and the photosynthetic product of seawater rice is with the presence of more than half In stalk, it is rich in N P and K calcium and magnesium and organic matter, belongs to a kind of most valuable Biomass Energy Resources in Agro-ecological System.
Rice husk is rich in cellulose, lignin, silica;Oil content and Protein content is extremely low.Rice husk is the most significant special Point is high ash content (7% --- 9%) and high silica content (20% or so), with good toughness, porosity, low-density (112 --- 144kg/m3) and quality are coarse etc..
Plant ash is that the ashes after burning plants nearly all contain in plant ash so being mineral element contained by all plants Have, main component is potassium carbonate (K2CO3), and what wherein content was most is potassium element, generally contain potassium 6~12%, wherein 90% with On be it is water-soluble, exist with carbonate form;Followed by phosphorus generally contains 1.5~3%;Also containing calcium, magnesium, silicon, sulphur and iron, manganese, The micronutrient elements such as copper, zinc, boron, molybdenum.The ash content of different plants, nutrient content is different, with the potassium content of sunflower straw For highest.In equal potassium amount application plant ash, fertilizer efficiency is better than Chemical Potassium.So it be it is a kind of it is from a wealth of sources, low in cost, Nutrient is complete, the significantly inorganic farmyard manure of fertilizer efficiency.
Chicken manure is a kind of more good organic fertilizer, and the feed of chicken intake there is no digesting and assimilating completely, and there are about 40%- 70% nutrients is excreted, therefore chicken manure nutrient in all fowl and animal excrements is highest, battalion rich in It supports, wherein crude protein 18.7%, fatty 2.5%, ash content 13%, carbohydrate 11%, fiber 7%, nitrogenous 2.34%, phosphorus 2.32%, potassium 0.83% is 4.1 times, 5.1 times and 1.8 times of pig manure respectively.
The main component of mushroom slag is to be eaten bacterium mycelia using rear plant residue, mainly there is various crop materials, cottonseed Shell, corncob, bagasse etc., edible mushroom still contain the nutritional ingredient utilization rate about 70% in culture material in waste bacterial slag There are a large amount of available nutriments, than if any crude fibre, crude protein, crude fat and microelement etc., and remains a large amount of Hypha of edible fungus can promote to ferment, be excellent organic manure resource.
Organic fertilizer makes raw material
Seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls are crushed, obtain extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls by 1.1 feedstock processings Powder, it is spare;
1.2 are uniformly mixed mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder, and gathering is in heaps, The a height of 80-90cm of heap, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferments 10-12 days, is sent out in 45-50 DEG C of environment Ferment material;
2. site preparation
The purpose of site preparation site preparation is to create good soil plough horizon construction and surface state, is increase soil fertility, for sowing Good condition is provided with plant growth, field management.In China, the key operation of site preparation includes shallow winter breaking, turns over, subsoiling It ploughs, rake the soil level, ground of leveling land with this kind of tool, suppression, level land, level land field, ridging, bedding etc..
3. fertilising
The step of fertilising, includes organic fertilizer and applies inorganic fertilizer.
3.1 organic fertilizers: after shallow winter breaking, 160~200 kilograms of organic fertilizer made in step 1 is applied, are then turned over It ploughs, organic fertilizer and soil is sufficiently mixed.
3.2 apply inorganic fertilizer: applying nitrogenous fertilizer (5-15kg/ mus), phosphate fertilizer (4-10kg/ mus), potash fertilizer (4-10kg/ mus) and sulfur fertilizer (2-5kg/ mus), application fertilizer are respectively as follows: urea (containing N46%), double superhosphate (containing P2O 544%), potassium chloride (contains K2O 60%), ammonium sulfate (analyzing pure, sulfur-bearing 24%, nitrogen 21%), whole bases are applied.
4. sowing or rice transplanting, cereal is sowed after basking seeds, dressing seed according to this season planting habit.
5. irrigating, during corn growing, need to irrigate according to weather and corn growing.
6. harvest, when kernel maturity, grain harvest threshing is dried, yield is calculated.
Embodiment 1
Grain species selected by the present embodiment are wheat, and selecting kind is Jimai 22.
Jimai 22 is Super-high-yielding, more anti-, the Medium gluten wheat new products that Crop Inst. of shandong Prov. Agriculture science Academy is bred as Kind, semi-winterness, seedling partly crawls, and Mid-late ripening, 75 centimetres of plant height or so, plant type is compact, and the smaller upper punching of blade, winter resistance is good, takes out Cauline leaf wax is obvious after fringe, and appearance is delicate and pretty, and elasticity is good for stalk, resistant to lodging, hot-dry wind tolerance, ripe lover;Tillering ability is strong, the percentage of earbearing tiller It is high;Spike length is rectangular, long awns, white shell, Bai Li, and seed hard is full;Mu effectively ten thousand fringe of fringe 40-45, grain number per spike 36-38, thousand 42-45 grams of weight, 800 grams per liter of bulk density or so.
1. organic fertilizer production includes seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, including below by weight Measure the raw material of part meter: 110~140 parts of seawater rice straw, 15~20 parts of seawater rice hulls, 130~160 parts of mushroom slag, chicken manure 115 ~140 parts, 15~20 parts of plant ash.
1) seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls are crushed, obtain extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls by feedstock processing Powder, it is spare;
2) mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed, collapse in heaps, heap A height of 80-90cm, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferments 10-12 days, is fermented in 45-50 DEG C of environment Material;
2.A group experimental plot be conventional fertilizer application, only apply inorganic fertilizer, B group experimental plot be singly apply made in step 1 it is organic Fertilizer, C group experimental plot are the organic fertilizer made in fertilizing method inorganic fertilizer+step 1 used in the present invention, the minizone ridge Zhu Shuan and with moulding Expect film packet every single single filling prevents rich water is mixed from altering, and the management measure in high-yield field is strictly pressed in other field management, and setting is three times It repeats.
Nitrogen (N) 12kg is applied in the experimental plot 3.A1-A3 per acre, applies phosphorus (P2O5) 7kg, apply potassium (K2O) 6kg, nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer are complete Portion's base is applied.The experimental plot B1-B3 applies the organic fertilizer 180kg made in step 1 per acre, and whole bases are applied, and C1-C3 block experimental plot is per acre Nitrogen (N) 12kg is applied, phosphorus (P is applied2O5) 7kg, apply potassium (K2O) 6kg, applies the organic fertilizer 180kg made in step 1, and whole bases are applied. Base manure use is turned over after spreading fertilizer over the fields and is buried.
4. sowing, wheat is after basking seeds, dressing seed, and live streaming, wheat density is 3,000,000 plants/bm 2
5. during wheat growth, producing management by custom school according to locality, jointing stage timely Nitrogen Top Dressing, A group, B group, C group are same Deng processing;
6. harvest, when wheat maturation, harvesting wheat is dried using cell threshing
7. data statistics and analysis, analyze the yield of A, B, C.For applying organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer simultaneously, it can show It writes and improves grain yield (being shown in Table 1).The A group average product for only applying inorganic fertilizer is 508.33kg/ mus;Under equal conditions, only apply The B group average product for entering organic fertilizer of the present invention is 451.75kg/ mus;The C group for applying organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer of the present invention simultaneously is flat Equal yield is 615.08kg/ mus, reaches 17.3% than A group amount of increase in production, reaches 26.55% than B group amount of increase in production, increase through Ji value, there is certain practical value.
1 Different Fertilization method kind Jimai of table, 22 yield
Embodiment 2
It is corn that this, which tests selected grain species, and selection kind is Zheng Dan 958.
Zheng Dan 958 is the breeding of cereal crops research institute, Henan Agricultural Sciences institute, and seedling leaf sheath purple, growth potential is general, Plant type is compact, and 246 centimetres of plant height or so, 110 centimetres of Ear height or so, tassel branch is medium, and branch and main shaft angle are small.Fruit ear Tubular has double fringe phenomenons, and cob white, fruit ear is 16.9 centimetres long, tassel row number 14-16 row, and row grain number 35 or so.Robustness Good, ear barren tip is light.Seed yellow, half dent type, 307 grams of mass of 1000 kernel, seed-producing rate 88% one 90%.
1. organic fertilizer production includes seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, including below by weight Measure the raw material of part meter: 110~140 parts of seawater rice straw, 15~20 parts of seawater rice hulls, 130~160 parts of mushroom slag, chicken manure 115 ~140 parts, 15~20 parts of plant ash.
1) seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls are crushed, obtain extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls by feedstock processing Powder, it is spare;
2) mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed, collapse in heaps, heap A height of 80-90cm, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferments 10-12 days, is fermented in 45-50 DEG C of environment Material;
2.A group experimental plot be conventional fertilizer application, only apply inorganic fertilizer, B group experimental plot be singly apply made in step 1 it is organic Fertilizer, C group experimental plot are the organic fertilizer made in fertilizing method inorganic fertilizer+step 1 used in the present invention, the minizone ridge Zhu Shuan and with moulding Expect film packet every single single filling prevents rich water is mixed from altering, and the management measure in high-yield field is strictly pressed in other field management, and setting is three times It repeats.
Nitrogen (N) 24kg is applied in the experimental plot 3.A1-A3 per acre, applies phosphorus (P2O5) 10kg, apply potassium (K2O) 10kg, nitrogen, phosphorus, potash fertilizer are complete Portion's base is applied.The experimental plot B1-B3 applies the organic fertilizer 180kg made in step 1 per acre, and whole bases are applied, and C1-C3 block experimental plot is per acre Nitrogen (N) 24kg is applied, phosphorus (P is applied2O5) 10kg, apply potassium (K2O) 10kg applies the organic fertilizer 180kg made in step 1, whole bases It applies.Base manure use is turned over after spreading fertilizer over the fields and is buried.
1. sowing, sowing, corn is after seed dressing, live streaming
4. during corn growth, producing management by custom school according to locality, jointing stage timely Nitrogen Top Dressing, A group, B group, C group are same Deng processing;
5. harvest, when corn maturation, harvest corn is dried using cell threshing
6. data statistics and analysis, analyze the yield of A, B, C.For applying organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer simultaneously, it can show It writes and improves grain yield (being shown in Table 2).The A group average product for only applying inorganic fertilizer is 636.49kg/ mus;Under equal conditions, only apply The B group average product for entering organic fertilizer is 416.39kg/ mus;It applies organic fertilizer simultaneously and the C group average product of inorganic fertilizer is 890.16kg/ mus, reach 29.42% than A group amount of increase in production, reach 45.2% than B group amount of increase in production, increase economic value, There is certain practical value.
Influence of the 2 Different Fertilization method of table to 958 yield of Zheng Dan
The above is only several embodiments of the present invention, not any type of limitation is done to the present invention, although this hair It is bright to be disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, however be not intended to limit the invention, any person skilled in the art, it is not taking off In the range of technical solution of the present invention, a little variation or modification are made using the technology contents of the disclosure above and is equal to Case study on implementation is imitated, is belonged in technical solution of the present invention protection scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method of cereal volume increase, which comprises the following steps:
M1. organic fertilizer makes: it includes: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, vegetation that organic fertilizer, which makes raw material, Ash;
M2. site preparation: shallow winter breaking is turned over, subsoiling, is raked the soil level, ground of leveling land with this kind of tool, suppression, level land, harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil field, ridging, bedding;
M3. it applies fertilizer: applying the organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer;
M4. sow perhaps rice transplanting: cereal is sowed after basking seeds, dressing seed or rice transplanting;
M5. it irrigates: during corn growing, needing to irrigate according to weather and corn growing;
M6. it harvests: when kernel maturity, grain harvest threshing being dried, be put in storage.
2. the method for cereal volume increase according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the making step of the organic fertilizer includes:
M1.1 feedstock processing: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls being crushed, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are obtained, It is spare;
Mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed by M1.2, collapse in heaps, heap height For 80-90cm, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferment 10-12 days in 45-50 DEG C of environment, obtain described in have Machine fertilizer.
3. a kind of cereal organic fertilizer, which is characterized in that raw material include: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls, mushroom slag, chicken manure, Plant ash.
4. cereal organic fertilizer according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the making step of the organic fertilizer includes:
M1.1 feedstock processing: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls being crushed, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are obtained, It is spare;
Mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed by M1.2, collapse in heaps, heap height For 80-90cm, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferment 10-12 days in 45-50 DEG C of environment, obtain described in have Machine fertilizer.
5. a kind of preparation method of cereal organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps:
M1.1 feedstock processing: seawater rice straw, seawater rice hulls being crushed, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are obtained, It is spare;
Mushroom slag, chicken manure, plant ash, extra large rice straw powder and seawater rice hulls powder are uniformly mixed by M1.2, collapse in heaps, heap height For 80-90cm, the covering of materials film is primary every turning in 3 days, ferment 10-12 days in 45-50 DEG C of environment, obtain described in have Machine fertilizer.
6. the method for cereal volume increase according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the M3. fertilising further comprises:
M3.1 organic fertilizer: after shallow winter breaking, 160~200 kilograms of organic fertilizer made in step M1 is applied, are then turned over It ploughs, organic fertilizer and soil is sufficiently mixed;
M3.2 applies inorganic fertilizer: applying nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer and sulfur fertilizer.
7. the method for cereal volume increase according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the nitrogenous fertilizer includes: urea (containing N46%).
8. the method for cereal volume increase according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the phosphate fertilizer includes: that double superhosphate (contains P2O544%).
9. the method for cereal volume increase according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the potash fertilizer includes: potassium chloride (containing K2O 60%).
10. according to claim 6 cereal volume increase method, which is characterized in that the sulfur fertilizer include: ammonium sulfate (analysis it is pure, Sulfur-bearing 24%, nitrogen 21%).
CN201811619840.0A 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 A kind of method of cereal volume increase Pending CN109496731A (en)

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Citations (6)

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CN107231931A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-10-10 大禹节水(天津)有限公司 A kind of alfalfa center pivot formula sprinkling irrigation comprehensive water-saving pattern
CN107721475A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-02-23 广西长耀隆农业科技有限公司 A kind of rice nursery substrate and preparation method thereof
CN108689774A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-10-23 贵州义龙万丰生态肥业有限公司 A kind of myotonin fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1252924A (en) * 1998-11-11 2000-05-17 郑庭学 Method for preparing soil in rice field
CN102603375A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-25 江苏田娘农业科技有限公司 Sewage sludge compost and preparation method of sewage sludge compost
CN103190271A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 南京富帆健康管理咨询服务有限公司 Planting method for increasing rice yield
CN107231931A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-10-10 大禹节水(天津)有限公司 A kind of alfalfa center pivot formula sprinkling irrigation comprehensive water-saving pattern
CN107721475A (en) * 2017-12-10 2018-02-23 广西长耀隆农业科技有限公司 A kind of rice nursery substrate and preparation method thereof
CN108689774A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-10-23 贵州义龙万丰生态肥业有限公司 A kind of myotonin fertilizer special for organic and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20190322