CN109485327B - Preparation method of stone-like material building material - Google Patents

Preparation method of stone-like material building material Download PDF

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CN109485327B
CN109485327B CN201811132886.XA CN201811132886A CN109485327B CN 109485327 B CN109485327 B CN 109485327B CN 201811132886 A CN201811132886 A CN 201811132886A CN 109485327 B CN109485327 B CN 109485327B
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slurry
stirring
parts
stone
paste
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CN109485327A (en
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兰普添
徐智勇
黄太松
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Wuhan Laidao Building Materials Technology Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/06Aluminous cements
    • C04B28/065Calcium aluminosulfate cements, e.g. cements hydrating into ettringite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/34Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing cold phosphate binders
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00612Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 as one or more layers of a layered structure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/54Substitutes for natural stone, artistic materials or the like
    • C04B2111/542Artificial natural stone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength
    • C04B2201/52High compression strength concretes, i.e. with a compression strength higher than about 55 N/mm2, e.g. reactive powder concrete [RPC]

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a stone-like material building material, which comprises the following steps: 1) preparing a flour paste raw material: 2) after weighing the flour paste raw materials, stirring to obtain the flour paste for moisture preservation, and 3) spot-coating the flour paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the flour paste on the spot-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun to cover the spot-coated slurry with the thickness of 2-10mm, vibrating to obtain a surface layer slurry, and preserving moisture and covering; 4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material; 5) after the bottom slurry material is weighed, putting the bottom slurry material into a stirrer to be dry-stirred to obtain bottom slurry; 6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry; 7) and (4) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, and maintaining after demoulding. The stone-like building material prepared by the method has good comprehensive performance of the stone-like pattern on the surface, and the obtained stone-like building material surface slurry layer and the bottom slurry layer are not easy to separate and have good weather resistance.

Description

Preparation method of stone-like material building material
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of building materials, in particular to a preparation method of a stone-like material building material.
Background
Concrete is a general term for engineering composite materials in which aggregate is cemented into a whole by a cementing material. The term concrete generally refers to cement as a cementing material and sand and stone as aggregate; the cement concrete, also called as common concrete, is obtained by mixing with water (which may contain additives and admixtures) according to a certain proportion and stirring, and is widely applied to civil engineering.
Along with the improvement of living standard of people, in addition to the higher requirements on the performances of bricks and plates, the technicians in the field also take the enrichment and the change of patterns and colors on the ultrahigh-performance concrete plates as a new research direction.
The patterns and designs of conventional boards are too simple compared with images printed by color printers, and are poor in picture accuracy, repeatability and design sense of participation of consumers.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, it is necessary to provide a method for preparing a stone-like building material, which has good comprehensive properties and can be widely used in the building field.
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 25-45 parts of Portland cement, 5-45 parts of admixture and 25 parts of aggregate, wherein the water reducing agent accounts for 0.3-1.2% of the total weight of the adhesive material, the thickening agent accounts for 0.1-1.5% of the total weight of the adhesive material, and the pigment accounts for 0-4% of the total weight of the adhesive material;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting the flour paste raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, firstly stirring for 5min30s at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 4min at the speed of 120r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state, stirring the slurry for 3min at the speed of 10r/min, and obtaining the flour paste for moisturizing for later use, wherein the expansion degree of the obtained flour paste (a cement clean paste test method) is 160-180;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2-10mm, vibrating to obtain surface layer slurry, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely preparing a bottom slurry raw material,
weighing 25-45 parts of cement, 25-45 parts of admixture and 25 parts of aggregate by weight;
the water reducing agent accounts for 0.3-1.2% of the total glue material, the color pigment accounts for 0-10% of the cement, and the fiber accounts for 0-3% of the total volume;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 2min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state, stirring for 6min at the speed of 10r/min to obtain bottom slurry, wherein the expansion degree (cement clean slurry test method) of the obtained bottom slurry is 180 to 230,
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
Wherein the sum of the cement and the admixture is called total cement.
Wherein the cement is one or a combination of more of portland cement, phosphate cement, aluminate cement and sulphoaluminate cement.
Wherein the admixture is one or a combination of more of fly ash, mineral powder, kaolin and silica fume.
Wherein the thickening agent is one or more of cellulose ether and derivatives thereof, starch, gelatine powder, polyoxyethylene, sodium polyacrylate, polyvinyl alcohol and low molecular polyethylene wax
Wherein the aggregate is one or a combination of more of 10-120 mesh quartz sand and 120-800 mesh quartz powder.
The fiber is one or a combination of a plurality of glass fibers, polyvinyl alcohol fibers, polypropylene fibers, basalt fibers and metal fibers.
Wherein, the color pigment is one or a combination of more of inorganic iron oxide pigment, carbon black pigment, composite pigment and organic pigment.
Compared with the prior art, the stone-like building material prepared by the method has good comprehensive performance of imitating stone by using the surface patterns, and the obtained stone-like building material surface slurry layer and the bottom slurry layer are not easy to separate and have good weather resistance.
Detailed Description
The method for producing the stone-like building material according to the present invention will be further described with reference to some embodiments. The specific examples are intended to illustrate the present invention in further detail, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
The total glue material referred to in the invention refers to the sum of cement and admixture.
The material sources used in the invention are as follows:
polycarboxylic acid water reducing agent: ten thousand new materials, inc, guangzhou city;
rubber powder: polypropylene rubber powder, Nanchang Hua special chemical Co., Ltd, with the product number WJ-880B;
polyethylene oxide: CAS number: 68441-17-8; brand name: RYOJI model: PEO120 ten thousand
Sodium polyacrylate: shanghai Qianze Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Cat number: 11034602, grade: industrial grade
The following examples test concrete bricks for 28-day compressive strength, flexural strength, water absorption and volume weight according to GB/T31387-2015.
Example 1
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing 25 parts of portland cement, 10 parts of mineral powder, 10 parts of first-grade fly ash, 25 parts of metakaolin, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 0.8 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the rubber powder accounts for 0.5 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the polyoxyethylene accounts for 0.6 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the sodium polyacrylate accounts for 0.3 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, and the iron oxide black pigment cement accounts for 4 percent of the admixture of the iron oxide black pigment cement;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, firstly stirring at the speed of 30r/min for 5min30s, after the paste is in a plastic state, quickly stirring at the speed of 120r/min for 4min to enable the paste to be in a fluid state, then stirring at the speed of 10r/min for 3min, and obtaining the flour paste after stirring for moisture preservation;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2.0mm, obtaining surface layer slurry through certain vibration, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely weighing 30 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of silica fume, 10 parts of mineral powder, 15 parts of first-grade fly ash, 5 parts of white silica fume, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 1.3 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material, the metal fiber accounts for 2.0 percent of the total volume, and the polyvinyl alcohol fiber accounts for 1.0 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 2min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to enable the slurry to be in a fluid state, and then stirring for 6min at the speed of 10r/min to obtain bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
Example 2
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing 45 parts of Portland cement, 25 parts of metakaolin, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 0.8 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the rubber powder accounts for 0.5 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the polyoxyethylene accounts for 0.6 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the sodium polyacrylate accounts for 0.3 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, and the iron oxide black pigment cement accounts for 4 percent of the admixture of the iron oxide black pigment cement;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, firstly stirring at the speed of 30r/min for 5min30s, after the paste is in a plastic state, quickly stirring at the speed of 120r/min for 4min to enable the paste to be in a fluid state, then stirring at the speed of 10r/min for 3min, and obtaining the flour paste after stirring for moisture preservation;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2.0mm, obtaining surface layer slurry through certain vibration, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely weighing 25 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of silica fume, 10 parts of mineral powder, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 1.3 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material, the metal fiber accounts for 2.0 percent of the total volume, and the polyvinyl alcohol fiber accounts for 1.0 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 2min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to enable the slurry to be in a fluid state, and then stirring for 6min at the speed of 10r/min to obtain bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
Example 3
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing 25 parts of portland cement, 10 parts of primary fly ash, 25 parts of metakaolin, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 0.8 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the rubber powder accounts for 0.5 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the polyoxyethylene accounts for 0.6 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the sodium polyacrylate accounts for 0.3 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, and the iron oxide black pigment cement accounts for 4 percent of the admixture of the iron oxide black pigment cement;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, firstly stirring at the speed of 30r/min for 5min30s, after the paste is in a plastic state, quickly stirring at the speed of 120r/min for 4min to enable the paste to be in a fluid state, then stirring at the speed of 10r/min for 3min, and obtaining the flour paste after stirring for moisture preservation;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2.0mm, obtaining surface layer slurry through certain vibration, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely weighing 45 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of silica fume, 10 parts of mineral powder, 15 parts of first-grade fly ash, 5 parts of white silica fume, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 1.3 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material, the metal fiber accounts for 2.0 percent of the total volume, and the polyvinyl alcohol fiber accounts for 1.0 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 2min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to enable the slurry to be in a fluid state, and then stirring for 6min at the speed of 10r/min to obtain bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
Comparative example 1
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing 25 parts of portland cement, 10 parts of mineral powder, 10 parts of first-grade fly ash, 25 parts of metakaolin, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 0.8 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the rubber powder accounts for 0.5 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the polyoxyethylene accounts for 0.6 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the sodium polyacrylate accounts for 0.3 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, and the iron oxide black pigment cement accounts for 4 percent of the admixture of the iron oxide black pigment cement;
2) weighing the flour slurry raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, stirring slowly at the speed of 30r/min for 5min30s, stirring quickly at the speed of 120r/min for 7min after the slurry is in a plastic state, and stirring to obtain the flour slurry for moisturizing;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2.0mm, obtaining surface layer slurry through certain vibration, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely weighing 30 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of silica fume, 10 parts of mineral powder, 15 parts of first-grade fly ash, 5 parts of white silica fume, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 1.3 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material, the metal fiber accounts for 2.0 percent of the total volume, and the polyvinyl alcohol fiber accounts for 1.0 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, and quickly stirring for 8min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to obtain a fluid state, so as to obtain the bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
Comparative example 2
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing 45 parts of Portland cement, 25 parts of metakaolin, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 0.8 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the rubber powder accounts for 0.5 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the polyoxyethylene accounts for 0.6 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the sodium polyacrylate accounts for 0.3 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, and the iron oxide black pigment cement accounts for 4 percent of the admixture of the iron oxide black pigment cement;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 4min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, firstly stirring for 5min30s at the speed of 30r/min, after the paste is in a plastic state, quickly stirring for 4min at the speed of 120r/min to enable the paste to be in a fluid state, then stirring for 3min at the speed of 10r/min, and obtaining the flour paste for moisturizing after stirring;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2.0mm, obtaining surface layer slurry through certain vibration, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely weighing 25 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of silica fume, 10 parts of mineral powder, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 1.3 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material, the metal fiber accounts for 2.0 percent of the total volume, and the polyvinyl alcohol fiber accounts for 1.0 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 4min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 2min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to enable the slurry to be in a fluid state, and then stirring for 6min at the speed of 10r/min to obtain bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 50min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
Comparative example 3
A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing 25 parts of portland cement, 10 parts of primary fly ash, 25 parts of metakaolin, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 0.8 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the rubber powder accounts for 0.5 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the polyoxyethylene accounts for 0.6 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, the sodium polyacrylate accounts for 0.3 percent of the total admixture of the rubber materials, and the iron oxide black pigment cement accounts for 4 percent of the admixture of the iron oxide black pigment cement;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, stirring for 5min30s at the speed of 30r/min, stirring for 7min at the speed of 10r/min after the paste is in a plastic state, and stirring to obtain the flour paste for moisture preservation;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2.0mm, obtaining surface layer slurry through certain vibration, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely weighing 45 parts of portland cement, 15 parts of silica fume, 10 parts of mineral powder, 15 parts of first-grade fly ash, 5 parts of white silica fume, 20 parts of quartz sand and 5 parts of quartz powder according to the weight ratio; the polycarboxylate superplasticizer accounts for 1.3 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material, the metal fiber accounts for 2.0 percent of the total volume, and the polyvinyl alcohol fiber accounts for 1.0 percent of the total weight of the base stock glue material;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, and stirring for 8min at the speed of 10r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to obtain bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 10min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
The concrete blocks obtained in examples 1, 2 and 3 and comparative examples 1, 2 and 3 were tested for 28-day compressive strength, flexural strength and water absorption according to GB/T31387-2015, and the test results are shown in the following table, and the Mohs hardness of the simulated stone building material is shown in the following table.
The stone-like building materials obtained in examples and comparative examples were subjected to a weather resistance test outdoors, and after 1 month, the concrete bricks were observed, and whether the top grout layer and the bottom grout layer were separated or not was recorded, as shown in the following table.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by the present specification, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A preparation method of a stone-like material building material comprises the following steps:
1) preparing a flour paste raw material:
weighing the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 25-45 parts of Portland cement, 5-45 parts of admixture and 25 parts of aggregate, wherein the water reducing agent accounts for 0.3-1.2% of the total weight of the adhesive material, the thickening agent accounts for 0.1-1.5% of the total weight of the adhesive material, and the pigment accounts for 0-4% of the total weight of the adhesive material;
2) weighing the flour paste raw materials, putting into a stirrer, stirring for 2min, weighing 14 parts of water, adding into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, firstly stirring at the speed of 30r/min for 5min30s, after the paste is in a plastic state, quickly stirring at the speed of 120r/min for 4min to enable the paste to be in a fluid state, then stirring at the speed of 10r/min for 3min, and obtaining the flour paste after stirring for moisture preservation;
3) point-coating the surface paste prepared in the step 2 on a template by using an array brush, then spraying the surface paste on the point-coated slurry by using a high-pressure spray gun, wherein the thickness of the surface paste is 2-10mm, vibrating to obtain surface layer slurry, and moisturizing and covering;
4) preparing a bottom slurry raw material, namely preparing a bottom slurry raw material,
weighing 25-45 parts of cement, 25-45 parts of admixture and 25 parts of aggregate by weight;
the water reducing agent accounts for 0.3-1.2% of the total glue material, the color pigment accounts for 0-10% of the cement, and the fiber accounts for 0-3% of the total volume;
5) weighing the bottom slurry raw materials, putting the weighed bottom slurry raw materials into a stirrer, stirring for 2min in a dry mode, weighing 11 parts of water, adding the water into the stirrer, mixing and stirring, slowly stirring for 5min at the speed of 30r/min, quickly stirring for 2min at the speed of 80r/min after the slurry is in a plastic state to enable the slurry to be in a fluid state, and then stirring for 6min at the speed of 10r/min to obtain bottom slurry;
6) after the surface layer slurry in the step 3 is obtained for 30min, pouring the bottom layer slurry on the surface layer slurry, wherein the total thickness is 10-30 mm;
7) and (3) maintaining at 20 ℃ for 24 hours, demoulding, putting the demoulded product into a 20 ℃ curing room for curing for 3 days, and moving the product to an outdoor finished product for curing.
2. The method for preparing a stone-like material as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the cement is one or a combination of more of portland cement, phosphate cement, aluminate cement and sulphoaluminate cement.
3. The method for preparing a stone-like material as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the admixture is one or a combination of more of fly ash, mineral powder, kaolin and silica fume.
4. The method for preparing a stone-like material as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the thickening agent is one or a combination of more of cellulose ether and derivatives thereof, starch, rubber powder, polyoxyethylene, sodium polyacrylate, polyvinyl alcohol and low molecular polyethylene wax.
5. The method for preparing a stone-like material as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the aggregate is one or a combination of more of 10-120 mesh quartz sand and 120-800 mesh quartz powder.
6. The method for preparing a stone-like material as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the fiber is one or a combination of a plurality of glass fibers, polyvinyl alcohol fibers, polypropylene fibers, basalt fibers and metal fibers.
7. The method for preparing a stone-like material as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the color pigment is one or more of inorganic iron oxide pigment, carbon black pigment, composite pigment and organic pigment.
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CN110423064A (en) * 2019-07-19 2019-11-08 黄贺明 A kind of high tenacity inorganic compounding artificial stone's panel and preparation method thereof
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