CN109484494A - A kind of modular vehicle - Google Patents

A kind of modular vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109484494A
CN109484494A CN201710817241.9A CN201710817241A CN109484494A CN 109484494 A CN109484494 A CN 109484494A CN 201710817241 A CN201710817241 A CN 201710817241A CN 109484494 A CN109484494 A CN 109484494A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
module
sealing
connector
modular
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710817241.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈正亮
Original Assignee
郑州宇通客车股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 郑州宇通客车股份有限公司 filed Critical 郑州宇通客车股份有限公司
Priority to CN201710817241.9A priority Critical patent/CN109484494A/en
Publication of CN109484494A publication Critical patent/CN109484494A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D31/00Superstructures for passenger vehicles
    • B62D31/02Superstructures for passenger vehicles for carrying large numbers of passengers, e.g. omnibus
    • B62D31/025Superstructures for passenger vehicles for carrying large numbers of passengers, e.g. omnibus having modular sections
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D27/00Connections between superstructure or understructure sub-units

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of modular vehicles, modular vehicle includes vehicle body, the vehicle body includes chassis module and the vehicle upper module that is arranged on the upside of chassis module, front wall module is covered on front side of the vehicle body, rear side cover is equipped with back wall module, sealing element is connected on one of joint face between two adjacent modules, seal groove is provided on the sealing element, it is provided on another joint face for the sealing plug with the mating realization sealing of seal groove structure, and it is additionally provided between two adjacent modules for by the fixed structure of sealing plug and the close grafting of seal groove, cross the sealing structure that setting between two adjacent modules is mutually inserted to cooperation, and sealing structure is compressed by the fastening of fixed connection structure, it can either guarantee the sealing between adjacent module, it can also guarantee to seal by fixed connection structure Reliability, structure optimization, and assembling simple.

Description

A kind of modular vehicle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of modular vehicles.
Background technique
With the development of the times, people increase the concern specific gravity of vehicle appearance, and the update period of vehicle is also very fast, It is especially more to the variation demand of vehicle appearance.On the other hand, with the development of new-energy automobile, chassis configurations also occur Large change.
Automobile is that a part is numerous, the more complicated industrial products of structure, the connection side between different function components Formula is different, is assembled into unified entirety again, design process is also just more complicated, and the design cycle is also longer.
Car construction is divided into full bearing structure and non-bearing structure substantially at present, and wherein non-bearing structure includes chassis and upper Portion's vehicle body, and in order to adapt to the demand for development that the epoch change vehicle, more convenient combination installation needs meeting outside the epoch The vehicle body of vehicle or chassis are replaced under the demand of sight, various pieces are decoupled accordingly, to reach replacement Purpose.And existing full bearing structure body portion vehicle frame is welded as a whole with chassis frame, is not available for nondestructive point It tears open;Chassis frame in non-bearing structure uses crossbeam framework, but upper body vehicle frame be still by reserved welding structure with Crossbeam is combined, and non-destructive partition cannot be also carried out.This results in existing vehicle cannot be by non-destructive point The mode torn open reequips vehicle.
A kind of modularization bus body is disclosed in the Chinese patent application file application No. is CN105253208A, Including front wall module, back wall module, body modules and floor module, by being fastened on two between the adjacent module of any two Z-shaped connector between the mating surface of module realizes connection, and this connection type can be realized non-destructive and decouple, but by It is car coat type connection in the connector, does not can guarantee being reliably connected for two intermodules in practical applications, and then lead to visitor Vehicle when in use between adjacent two modules the problem of not can guarantee leakproofness.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of modular vehicles, to solve connection type reliability in the prior art not Vehicle seals inadequate problem caused by foot.
To achieve the above object, a kind of modular vehicle of the invention uses following technical scheme:
Scheme 1: a kind of modular vehicle, including vehicle body, the vehicle body include chassis module and are arranged on the upside of chassis module Vehicle upper module, is covered with front wall module on front side of the vehicle body, and rear side cover is equipped with back wall module, between two adjacent modules One of joint face on be connected with sealing element, be provided with seal groove on the sealing element, another joint face you upper be arranged Have for skimming the sealing plug for realizing sealing with seal groove structure grafting, and is additionally provided between two adjacent modules for will be close Seal the fixed structure of plug and the close grafting of seal groove.
Scheme 2: on the basis of scheme 1, the cross section of the sealing element is in " Ω " shape, described close with choke Envelope plug is that the section of grafting is adapted to seal groove structure in the plug construction of " Ω " shape, has the necking down cooperated with choke Portion.Secondary seal can be realized by the cooperation of choke and necking part.
Scheme 3: on the basis of scheme 2, the sealing element and/or sealing plug are elastic material.Sealing is set more may be used It leans on.
Scheme 4: on the basis of any one of scheme 1 ~ 3, the upper company of the chassis module is arranged in the sealing plug On the front end face of junction and the vehicle body, rear end face.Facilitate connection.
Scheme 5: it on the basis of any one of scheme 1 ~ 3, is set on the inside of one of them between two adjacent modules There is the first connector, the inside of another module, which is equipped with, to be connect with the first connector and connect two modules relatively-stationary second Fitting, the fixed structure are releasable connection structure.Non-destructive partition can be achieved.
Scheme 6: on the basis of scheme 5, the releasable connection structure includes that the first connector and the second connector is tight The fastener being solidly connected.
Scheme 7: on the basis of scheme 6, it is provided with jack on first connector, is arranged on second connector There is the inserted link for being inserted into jack, helicitic texture is provided on the circumferential surface of the inserted link, the fastener is to be screwed in inserted link On locking nut.
Scheme 8: on the basis of scheme 7, the mating surface of first connector and the second connector is taper positioning surface. Positioning when convenient for assembly between two modules.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: compared with the prior art, modular vehicle according to the present invention, by will be adjacent Two modules between setting be mutually inserted the sealing structure of cooperation, and by the fastening of fixed connection structure by sealing structure It compresses, can either guarantee the sealing between adjacent module, additionally it is possible to guarantee the reliability of sealing, knot by fixed connection structure Structure optimization, and assemble simple.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is one embodiment general assembly drawing of modular vehicle of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the chassis module in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the front wall modular structure schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the releasable connection structure between the two neighboring module in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the sealing structure between the two neighboring module in Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are described further with reference to the accompanying drawing.
One embodiment of modular vehicle of the invention, as shown in Figures 1 to 5, the modular vehicle are applied to non-hold In the car for carrying structure comprising vehicle body 1, vehicle body 1 include chassis module 3, the vehicle upper module for being connected to 3 upside of chassis module 2, the front side of the vehicle body 1 is covered with front wall module 4, rear side cover is equipped with back wall module 5, in several modules, 4 He of front wall module The assembly parts of back wall module 5 itself are less, moulding effect mainly undertaken, when needing replacing moulding, by front wall module 4 and back wall Module 5 is replaced;The components such as air-conditioning duct, illumination are mainly installed, it is therefore desirable in corresponding position in vehicle upper module 2 Reserved mechanical and electric appliance unified interface, to be docked with chassis module 3.Itself component of chassis module 3 is more, company from each other It is relative complex to connect relationship, therefore do not change, keeps vehicle performance and reliability.
In order to realize the sealing between two adjacent modules, sealing knot is provided between two adjacent modules Structure, specifically are as follows: for chassis module 3 and vehicle upper module 2, front and back extension is provided on the upper surface of chassis module 3 and is set It is equipped with sealing plug 11, upwards, which is in " Ω " shape to the direction of sealing plug 11 comprising the big head section of upper end 111 and lower end necking segment 112, onboard the lower end surface of portion's module 2 is provided with and is adapted to grafting with sealing plug 11 and matches accordingly The sealing element 10 of conjunction, the lower end of sealing element 10 offer seal groove, and sealing element 10 is also in " Ω " shape comprising internal large-diameter portion 101 and choke 102, wherein big head section 111 and large-diameter portion 101 cooperate, necking segment 112 and choke 102 cooperate, and above-mentioned is close Sealing plug 11 is metal or plastic material, and sealing element 10 is rubber material, inserting between chassis module 3 and vehicle upper module 2 Connect direction along the vertical direction, during grafting, big head section 111 first by 102 distending of choke, then stretches to large-diameter portion 101 In, after big head section 111 warp, 102 elastic shrinkage of choke cooperates with necking segment 112, and completion is mating, this " Ω " The structure type of shape is when realizing sealing, since with the lesser choke of size and necking segment, sealing effect is preferable, sealing It is higher ranked.
For front wall module 4, back wall module 5 and vehicle body 1, sealing structure includes being arranged on body structure face and rear end face The sealing plug 11 extended up and down, the side that sealing plug 11 is connect with front wall module is connect towards front with back wall module Side towards rear, being provided in the mating surface of corresponding front wall module 4 and back wall module 5 is suitable with sealing plug structure With mating sealing element 10, and its cross section is also in " Ω " shape.
During vehicle assembly, in order to guarantee the sealing effect of above-mentioned sealing structure, in two adjacent modules Between be additionally provided with releasable connection structure, specifically are as follows: for chassis module 3 and vehicle upper module 2, releasable connection structure includes The first connector 7 that the inside of chassis module 3 is set and the second connector 6 that onboard portion's module 2 is set, wherein first Be provided with the jack 71 extended up and down on connector 7, the lower end of the second connector 6 be provided with for jack is mating inserts Bar 61, and it is provided with helicitic texture on the circumferential surface of inserted link 61, after inserted link 61 is stretched out from the lower end of jack 71, pass through tight split nut 8 and spring washer 9 second connector 6 is fixed on the first connector 7, during fastening, sealing element 10 and sealing insert 11 structure of hole gradually mutual extrusion, realizes preferable sealing performance.In order to guarantee in assembling process, on chassis module 3 and vehicle Reliable installation between portion's module 2, the mating surface designed between inserted link 61 and jack 71 have cone match section, can be preferable It realizes the positioning between two modules, and the taper of two mating surfaces of cone match is consistent, in the actual use process, inserts The size of bar be less than jack size, can guarantee in this way fastening when, fully rely on the conical surface positioning realize the first connector with Being reliably connected between the second connector.
For front wall module 4, back wall module 5 and vehicle body 1, the releasable connection structure between former boxing block 4 and vehicle body 1 is Example is provided with the jack of up and down direction extension in one end that the inside of vehicle body 1 and front wall module 4 cooperate, accordingly in preceding boxing Be provided on the inside of the rear end face of block and be adapted to mating inserted link with jack, in actual assembling process, first by sealing element with Sealing plug is adapted to grafting, ensures that the inserted link in front wall module is respectively positioned on the top of corresponding jack in installation process, then to It is lower that inserted link is inserted into jack, it is realized and is fixed by tight split nut and spring washer.Due to the effect of cone match, fastening In the process, sealing element and sealing plug gradually mutual extrusion, realizes preferable sealing performance.
It is relatively simple for structure without smearing sealant by the self-sealing of intermodule.
In other embodiments, releasable connection structure can by the way that coaxial jack is arranged on the first, second connector, and Fixation is realized by being installed on the bolt among two jacks;Jack can also be set on the first connector, on the second connector Slot is set;Seal groove structure can be replaced by the other structures form such as U-shaped or V-arrangement;Vehicle upper module and chassis module can With grafting along the longitudinal direction, front-rear direction is set by the jack on chassis module accordingly and is extended, the work of cone match is passed through It is compressed with by sealing structure;Connection between two neighboring module can pass through other type of attachment generations such as welding either clamping It replaces.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of modular vehicle, including vehicle body, the vehicle body includes on chassis module and the vehicle being arranged on the upside of chassis module Portion's module, front wall module is covered on front side of the vehicle body, and rear side cover is equipped with back wall module, it is characterised in that: adjacent two It is connected with sealing element on one of joint face between module, is provided with seal groove on the sealing element, another joint face On be provided with for the mating sealing plug for realizing sealing of seal groove, and be additionally provided with and be used between two adjacent modules By the fixed connection structure of sealing plug and the close grafting of seal groove.
2. modular vehicle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cross section of the sealing element is in " Ω " shape, tool Have a choke, the sealing plug be adapted to seal groove structure grafting section be in " Ω " shape plug construction, have and contracting The necking part of oral area cooperation.
3. modular vehicle according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the sealing element and/or sealing plug are elasticity Material.
4. described in any item modular vehicles according to claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterised in that: the sealing plug is arranged in institute It states on the upper joint face of chassis module and the front end face of the vehicle body, rear end face.
5. described in any item modular vehicles according to claim 1 ~ 3, it is characterised in that: between two adjacent modules The inside of one of them is equipped with the first connector, the inside of another module be equipped with connect with the first connector and by two modules Relatively-stationary second connector, the fixed connection structure are releasable connection structure.
6. modular vehicle according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the releasable connection structure includes by the first connection The fastener that part and the second connector are fastenedly connected.
7. modular vehicle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: be provided with jack on first connector, institute The inserted link being provided on the second connector for being inserted into jack is stated, helicitic texture is provided on the circumferential surface of the inserted link, it is described Fastener is the locking nut being screwed on inserted link.
8. modular vehicle according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: first connector and the second connector are matched Conjunction face is taper positioning surface.
CN201710817241.9A 2017-09-12 2017-09-12 A kind of modular vehicle CN109484494A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710817241.9A CN109484494A (en) 2017-09-12 2017-09-12 A kind of modular vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710817241.9A CN109484494A (en) 2017-09-12 2017-09-12 A kind of modular vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109484494A true CN109484494A (en) 2019-03-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710817241.9A CN109484494A (en) 2017-09-12 2017-09-12 A kind of modular vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109484494A (en)

Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09264307A (en) * 1996-03-28 1997-10-07 Nissan Shatai Co Ltd Connection structure of panel component
CN1623044A (en) * 2002-07-25 2005-06-01 Zf雷姆伏尔德金属制品股份公司 High-performance ball-and-socket joint with low moments
CN101076470A (en) * 2004-12-13 2007-11-21 马可波罗公司 Combination method for manufacturing and assembling automatic mechanism and final car body and chassis used for passenger and load transportation
CN202299427U (en) * 2011-09-08 2012-07-04 北京星河模板脚手架工程有限公司 Device for connecting and positioning steel molding plate of building
CN103223981A (en) * 2013-05-12 2013-07-31 吉林大学 Low-floor total-load bearing type purely electric urban public bus body structure
CN103693104A (en) * 2014-01-18 2014-04-02 东莞中山大学研究院 Modularly connected light-weight frame main body
CN104163209A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-11-26 厦门鸿基伟业复材科技有限公司 Gluing connection structure for automobile frame made of carbon fiber composite materials
CN105253208A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-20 精功(绍兴)复合材料技术研发有限公司 Modular passenger car body
CN105563180A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 株洲市九洲传动机械设备有限公司 Self-centering clamp used for taper hole product
CN106257069A (en) * 2015-06-16 2016-12-28 本田技研工业株式会社 There is the globe joint assembly of friction coatings parts and for assembling the method with the globe joint assembly limiting gap
CN205854296U (en) * 2016-06-30 2017-01-04 比亚迪股份有限公司 A kind of carbon fiber passenger vehicle
CN106989099A (en) * 2012-11-28 2017-07-28 株式会社松美可石川 Globe joint

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09264307A (en) * 1996-03-28 1997-10-07 Nissan Shatai Co Ltd Connection structure of panel component
CN1623044A (en) * 2002-07-25 2005-06-01 Zf雷姆伏尔德金属制品股份公司 High-performance ball-and-socket joint with low moments
CN101076470A (en) * 2004-12-13 2007-11-21 马可波罗公司 Combination method for manufacturing and assembling automatic mechanism and final car body and chassis used for passenger and load transportation
CN202299427U (en) * 2011-09-08 2012-07-04 北京星河模板脚手架工程有限公司 Device for connecting and positioning steel molding plate of building
CN106989099A (en) * 2012-11-28 2017-07-28 株式会社松美可石川 Globe joint
CN103223981A (en) * 2013-05-12 2013-07-31 吉林大学 Low-floor total-load bearing type purely electric urban public bus body structure
CN103693104A (en) * 2014-01-18 2014-04-02 东莞中山大学研究院 Modularly connected light-weight frame main body
CN104163209A (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-11-26 厦门鸿基伟业复材科技有限公司 Gluing connection structure for automobile frame made of carbon fiber composite materials
CN106257069A (en) * 2015-06-16 2016-12-28 本田技研工业株式会社 There is the globe joint assembly of friction coatings parts and for assembling the method with the globe joint assembly limiting gap
CN105253208A (en) * 2015-10-23 2016-01-20 精功(绍兴)复合材料技术研发有限公司 Modular passenger car body
CN105563180A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-05-11 株洲市九洲传动机械设备有限公司 Self-centering clamp used for taper hole product
CN205854296U (en) * 2016-06-30 2017-01-04 比亚迪股份有限公司 A kind of carbon fiber passenger vehicle

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