CN109482883A - A kind of device and method using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer - Google Patents

A kind of device and method using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109482883A
CN109482883A CN201811515400.0A CN201811515400A CN109482883A CN 109482883 A CN109482883 A CN 109482883A CN 201811515400 A CN201811515400 A CN 201811515400A CN 109482883 A CN109482883 A CN 109482883A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crucible
metal
storing
aggregate
phase feeding
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CN201811515400.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张云虎
郑红星
叶春洋
申严平
宋长江
翟启杰
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上海大学
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Priority to CN201811515400.0A priority Critical patent/CN109482883A/en
Publication of CN109482883A publication Critical patent/CN109482883A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F3/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces
    • B22F3/115Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces by spraying molten metal, i.e. spray sintering, spray casting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F3/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces
    • B22F3/003Apparatus, e.g. furnaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F3/00Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces
    • B22F3/18Manufacture of workpieces or articles from metallic powder characterised by the manner of compacting or sintering; Apparatus specially adapted therefor ; Presses and furnaces by using pressure rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F7/00Manufacture of composite layers, workpieces, or articles, comprising metallic powder, by sintering the powder, with or without compacting wherein at least one part is obtained by sintering or compression
    • B22F7/02Manufacture of composite layers, workpieces, or articles, comprising metallic powder, by sintering the powder, with or without compacting wherein at least one part is obtained by sintering or compression of composite layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22FWORKING METALLIC POWDER; MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES FROM METALLIC POWDER; MAKING METALLIC POWDER
    • B22F7/00Manufacture of composite layers, workpieces, or articles, comprising metallic powder, by sintering the powder, with or without compacting wherein at least one part is obtained by sintering or compression
    • B22F7/06Manufacture of composite layers, workpieces, or articles, comprising metallic powder, by sintering the powder, with or without compacting wherein at least one part is obtained by sintering or compression of composite workpieces or articles from parts, e.g. to form tipped tools

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of device and methods using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, including material add-on system, three-dimensional mobile platform below material add-on system and the cooling bench in three-dimensional mobile platform, wherein material add-on system can be at least 2 sets of aggregate-storing systems or the system being composed of aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device, and the lower end of aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device is equipped with discharge port;Material add-on system is flowed out after handling material by discharge port, is adjusted three-dimensional mobile platform and is moved, material bed in material add-on system is laid on cooling bench, metal_based material is made.The device can not only expeditiously produce the metal_based material of the shapes such as the plate, tubing or square billet of size dimension, and composite material compositions are evenly distributed, stable mechanical property, be suitable for industrial applications.

Description

A kind of device and method using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of composite material preparation more particularly to a kind of dresses using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer It sets and method.

Background technique

Metal-base composites is by the reinforcing phase composition of the forms such as metallic matrix and fiber or particle, because it has both gold The advantages of category and reinforced phase, show high intensity, high-ductility, high-modulus, high abrasion, low cost and good fatigue resistance etc. Excellent properties can play significant role in fields such as Shipping, automobile and space flight and aviation, have become research heat both domestic and external Point is known as the new material of 21 century.

Currently, there are many kinds of the preparation processes of more commonly used metal-base composites, for example powder metallurgic method, heat etc. are quiet Platen press, rolling, vacuum pressure infiltration method, squeeze casting method and spray deposition etc., these techniques are mainly to Metal Substrate The ceramic particle of different scale is added in body or nano carbon particle prepares metal-base composites.Although these methods have respectively From the advantages of, but there are still a series of problems.Although for example, the Material texture densification of hot isostatic pressing method production, dimensional accuracy Height, but equipment investment is big, and process cycle is long, at high cost;Squeeze casting method is difficult to produce larger-size metallic composite.And And these techniques, due to the constraint of technology of preparing, are easy to appear pottery during adding ceramic particle or nano carbon particle Porcelain distribution of particles is uneven and nano carbon particle serious agglomeration or metal not infiltration phenomenon, so as to cause composite material The performances such as plasticity, fatigue resistance are decreased obviously, and seriously constrain the development and application of metal-base composites.

And application No. is 201410223932.2, entitled " thin layer is rapidly solidificated into type device and method " disclosure of the invention The device and method for preparing big ingot casting using single crucible system and three-dimensional mobile cooling bench, pass through the nozzle stream of crucible bottom Metal bath thin layer out, and the ingot casting of square block is solidified and is piled on the cooling and plane of reciprocating motion.Only using the device Be able to achieve a kind of reciprocal stacking of metal bath thin layer, prepare the big ingot casting of homogenous material, but do not have multiple material or The compound preparation function of multiple material and reinforced phase, can not efficiently, rapidly prepare composite material.

Therefore, it is always most important in metal_based material research for developing a kind of effective metal base preparation method for material One of the problem of.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: the first object of the present invention is to provide a kind of dress that can use the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer It sets, which can effectively realize that various metals material or metal material and reinforced phase are compound, furthermore can also produce not similar shape The material of shape;

The second object of the present invention is to provide the method for preparing metal_based material using above-mentioned apparatus.

Technical solution: the present invention uses the device of the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, including material add-on system, is located at Three-dimensional mobile platform below and in three-dimensional mobile platform, for being spread to the material in material add-on system The cooling bench of casting;The material add-on system is aggregate-storing system or is composed of aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device The lower end of system, aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device is equipped with discharge port.

Furtherly, aggregate-storing system can be crucible system or tundish.Wherein, crucible system includes being set to vacuum chamber upper end Crucible, the material heating device in crucible, the sealed crucible device set on the upper end of the crucible, air inlet, thermal detector and subtract Pressure valve.The place part of aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device lower end discharge port is equipped with roll, three-dimensional mobile platform, cooling Platform, discharge port and roll are located in vacuum chamber.Cooling bench can be planar, rotary-type plate-like, curved, ring-type or column.

Further say, when material add-on system is composed of aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device, the storage Material system is 1 set, at least 1 set of reinforced phase feeding device.When material add-on system is by aggregate-storing system and reinforced phase feeding device group When closing, at least 2 sets of the aggregate-storing system, at least 1 set of reinforced phase feeding device.When material add-on system by aggregate-storing system and When reinforced phase feeding device is composed, the aggregate-storing system is 1 set, and lower end is equipped at least two discharge port, some or all The side of discharge port is equipped with reinforced phase feeding device.

Furtherly, the device include set on aggregate-storing system discharge port lower end, to the outlet material of discharge outlet into The heating device of row heating, and the microcomputer control being connected with material add-on system, three-dimensional mobile platform, cooling bench and vacuum chamber System processed.

The method that the present invention uses above-mentioned apparatus to prepare metal_based material, includes the following steps: material add-on system to object Material is flowed out after being handled by discharge port, is adjusted three-dimensional mobile platform and is moved, will be material bed in material add-on system It is laid on cooling bench, metal-base composites is made.

The utility model has the advantages that compared with prior art, remarkable advantage of the invention are as follows: the device by by aggregate-storing system itself into Row compounding, aggregate-storing system are compounded with reinforced phase feeding device, and are designed to cooling platform, to can not only produce Large scale, metal-base composites of different shapes, and be evenly distributed at the composite material compositions of production, stable mechanical property, and Single material of different shapes, such as production seamless pipe material etc. can also be produced;Meanwhile using the side of the device production material Method is simple, strong operability, and high production efficiency economizes on resources, and can be realized industrialization continuous production.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is composed of crucible system, cooling bench It is planar;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is composed of crucible system, cooling bench For column;

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is composed of crucible system, cooling bench It is discoid;

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is fed by 1 crucible system and reinforced phase Device is composed, and cooling bench is planar;

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is fed by 1 set crucible system and reinforced phase Device is composed, and cooling bench is column;

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is fed by 1 set crucible system and reinforced phase Device is composed, and cooling bench is discoid;

Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, wherein material add-on system by 2 sets and the above crucible system with enhance Phase feeding device is composed, and cooling bench is planar;

Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, wherein material add-on system by 2 sets and the above crucible system with enhance Phase feeding device is composed, and cooling bench is column;

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, wherein material add-on system by 2 sets and the above crucible system with enhance Phase feeding device is composed, and cooling bench is discoid;

Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is made of 1 set of tundish, and end is equipped with At least two discharge port;

Figure 11 is the main view of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is made of 1 set crucible system, and end is equipped with extremely Few 2 discharge ports;

Figure 12 is the side view of apparatus of the present invention, and wherein material add-on system is made of 1 set crucible system, and end is equipped with extremely Few 2 discharge ports.

Specific embodiment

Further details of the technical solution of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawing.

The present invention uses the device of the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, including vacuum chamber 8, can basis in the vacuum chamber 8 The composite demand of composite material is in vacuum condition, air conditions or filling and protects gas, reaction gas etc., outside vacuum chamber 8 Material add-on system 1 and the three-dimensional mobile platform 2 in vacuum chamber 8, positioned at 1 lower section of material add-on system, the three-dimensional are moved Moving platform 2 can x, y along the horizontal plane to vertically moved.Accordingly, it sets in vacuum chamber 8 and is moved for three-dimensional mobile platform 2 Dynamic guide rail, the track can be the rectilinear orbit or cyclic track being arranged along 1 direction of material add-on system, and cyclic track is arranged After enabling to three-dimensional mobile platform 2 mobile, it is successively laid with metal material on cooling bench 3, is made after composite material from cooling Platform 3 removes, and three-dimensional mobile platform 2 continues the preparation of next composite material by cyclic track, and three-dimensional mobile platform 2 is settable It is 1 or more, more of setting can be realized industrialized continuous production.In three-dimensional mobile platform 2, material add-on system 1 Lower section is equipped with the cooling bench 3 that paving casting and cooling is carried out to the material in material add-on system 1, can be planar, rotary-type disk Shape, column, ring-type, curved or other shapes according to composite material and the other shapes set, are not construed as limiting herein, and Planar, rotary-type plate-like, curved, ring-type, column or other shapes surface according to the demand of the composite material of preparation Corresponding shape is set, can flexibly be set.Column cooling bench can rotate clockwise or counter-clockwise, i.e., in three-dimensional mobile platform Rotary shaft is set on 2, and passes through motor driven.The temperature of cooling bench 3 spreads different basis materials according to layer, can -100~ It is adjusted in 3000 DEG C.

Material add-on system 1 can be that at least 2 sets of aggregate-storing systems 4 form, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, different aggregate-storing systems 4 The interior plate, seamless pipe or other shapes material for adding identical material and preparing single different-thickness;Difference can also be added Material production different shape, composite material of different-thickness etc., which can be set according to the material of actually required production Meter;In addition, can be used only with several aggregate-storing systems therein or all in production material, and according to actually required The material of production is designed, without limitation;Or the system being composed of aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5.And The lower end of aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5 is equipped with discharge port 6, and the discharge port 6 of aggregate-storing system 4 can be narrow slit shape (slit width Can be 0.01-100mm, length can be 1-2000mm) or other shapes applicatory, the molten metal flowed out from discharge port 6 Constant flow rate is controlled in 0-1000m/s.The shape of the discharge port 6 of same reinforced phase feeding device 5 also can voluntarily be set according to demand It is fixed.

Aggregate-storing system 4 can be crucible system or tundish, when using crucible system, can be directly used for heating material When the device of storage material is flowed out or can be only used as after processing, and using tundish, it is used to store material, and material Thawing heat treatment then carry out outflow preparation by being poured into tundish after the completion of other existing equipments, in addition, should Aggregate-storing system can also be other similar devices of this field.Wherein, crucible system include crucible 11, be set to crucible 11 in it is right Material carries out the crucible heating device 12 of heating and melting, the sealing device 13 being sealed to crucible 11, and is set to the sealing Air inlet 14, thermal detector 15 and pressure reducing valve 16 on device 13.It is equipped at the discharge port 6 of crucible system and discharge port 6 is flowed out The heating device 10 that molten metal is heated, prevents molten metal solidification from blocking discharge port 6, the side of discharge port 6 are equipped with roll 7, The roll 7 can be arranged at each discharge port 6, and several Metal Substrates according to preparation specifically used whole or therein are multiple Depending on the case where condensation material, or roll 7 is only set at several discharge ports 6, herein equally without limitation.Discharge port 6 adds Thermal 10 and roll 7 are respectively positioned in vacuum chamber 6.Reinforced phase feeding device 5 includes storage compartment 17, set on 17 lower end of storage compartment Discharge port 6 and the roll 7 for being arranged or being respectively provided with positioned at 6 one side section of discharge port, also or can be in the left and right sides at discharge port 6 Part is respectively provided with roll 7, and the discharge port 6, roll 7 are similarly positioned in vacuum chamber 8.The composite material stored in storage compartment 17 can For powder, particle, whisker, staple fiber, fiber filament, web and fiber cloth etc..

For when material add-on system 1 is composed of aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5, may be present with Lower several ways: first is that be made of 1 set of aggregate-storing system 4 with reinforced phase feeding device 5, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 6, the combination In, reinforced phase feeding device 5 can be 1,2 or more.Second is that material add-on system 1 can by least two aggregate-storing systems 4 and Reinforced phase feeding device 5 forms, as shown in Figure 7 to 9, in the combination, reinforced phase feeding device 5 can for 1,2 or More than, the position in aggregate-storing system 4 which is located at does not limit, can be autonomous according to the composite material of preparation Selection, or 1 set of setting or more set reinforced phase feeding devices (more set reinforced phase feeding devices can be spaced between crucible system Can control and be set side by side or front and back is set side by side, without limitation), and optionally make when preparing metal-base composites With part all or therein.Third is that material add-on system can be made of 1 set of aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5, storage The lower end of material system 4 is equipped at least two discharge port 6, and the side of discharge port 6 is equipped with reinforced phase feeding device 5, as shown in Figure 10, And to pass through Control System of Microcomputer 9 controllable for the discharging sequence of discharge port 6, and reinforced phase feeding device 5 can be in each discharge port 6 Setting, several reinforced phase feeding devices 5 all or therein are optionally used when preparing metal-base composites, Or be only arranged at several discharge ports 6, depending on specific composite material situation, it is not construed as limiting herein.Using above-mentioned It can partially be arranged when first and second kinds of modes, at the discharge port 6 of aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5 or all be arranged Roll 7.When using the third mode, equally, at the discharge port 6 of aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5 can partially be arranged or Roll 7 optionally also is arranged in the two sides of discharge port 6 or side, according to specific materials demand in the roll 7 that person is respectively provided with Depending on.

The device further includes to above-mentioned vacuum chamber 8, material add-on system 1, three-dimensional mobile platform 2, heating device 10 and rolling It is that roller 7 is regulated and controled, with signal sending function, receive capabilities, processing function, human-computer interaction function microcomputer control system System 9.For the regulation of vacuum chamber 8, specifically, Control System of Microcomputer 9 is connected with the vacuum pump 18 being set on vacuum chamber 8; For the regulation of material add-on system 1, specifically, Control System of Microcomputer 9 and 5 phase of crucible system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device Connection.In addition, being equipped with photoelectric sensor at the discharge port 6 of material storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5, work as photoelectric sensing When device detects that pressure cooling bench 3 is reached at corresponding 6 end of discharge port, Control System of Microcomputer 9 manipulates aggregate-storing system 4 and is added with enhancing Material device 5, which is discharged and starts roll 7, to work, and after forcing cooling bench 3 to move away, Control System of Microcomputer 9 is manipulated Aggregate-storing system 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5 close discharging and the operation of roll 7;In addition, Control System of Microcomputer 9 is by adjusting setting Determine the speed of service of three-dimensional mobile platform, and then can be realized layer paving of the molten metal on cooling bench 3.

Control System of Microcomputer 9 can be regulated and controled and be handled to whole device, and to the height energy of three-dimensional mobile platform 2 Enough adjustment, and then after carrying out layer paving, the height of three-dimensional mobile platform voluntarily is reduced, avoids next sublevel from working when spreading dry It disturbs, voluntarily treatment process is generally aligned in the same plane based on the discharge port 6 of aggregate-storing system 4 or reinforced phase feeding device 5 for this, roll 7 It is similarly in same plane.In addition, setting aggregate-storing system 4 or the discharge port 6 of reinforced phase feeding device 5, roll 7 can be passed through High and low position goes on smoothly so as to operation, does not interfere with each other mutually.

The method that above-mentioned apparatus of the present invention prepares metal-base composites includes the following steps: material add-on system 1 to object Material is flowed out after being handled by discharge port 6, is adjusted three-dimensional mobile platform 2 and is moved, by the material in material add-on system 1 Layer is laid on cooling bench 3, and metal-base composites is made.

1 crucible system of embodiment

Metal Substrate is prepared using the above-mentioned apparatus that the crucible system 4 that material system is set gradually by least two is composed The method of composite material, includes the following steps:

(1) according to the dimensional parameters of the metal-base composites of preparation, three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer 9 is determined The molten metal rate of outflow of 2 kinematic parameter, discharge port 6;

(2) metal for needing melting is added into crucible 11 respectively, sealed crucible device 13 is installed, system is controlled by microcomputer System 9 adjusts the vacuum degree in the indoor pressure of 11 chamber of crucible and vacuum chamber 8;

(3) the heating dress of material heating device 12 and discharge port in crucible system 4 is set separately in Control System of Microcomputer 9 The 10 temperature control parameters set;

(4) after the metal in crucible 11 all fusing, starting three-dimensional mobile platform 2 forces cooling bench 3 and roll 7, presses It is that the kinematic parameter set in 9 moves back and forth, and then processes required composite material according to microcomputer control.Wherein, in each earthenware After crucible system 4 fulfils assignment, into before next crucible system 4, vertical height of the Control System of Microcomputer 9 to three-dimensional mobile platform 2 Degree is adjusted, to go on smoothly next operation.

Tri- set crucible system of embodiment 1-1 ,+99% pure iron of Stainless steel 316 L+45# steel

(1) size of the metal-base composites formed according to Stainless steel 316 L, 45# steel of preparation and 99% pure iron is (long Wide high respectively 100cm × 30cm × 1cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer is set first as Vx The speed that=0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s and molten metal are sprayed from discharge port is 0.5m/s, respectively to three Stainless steel 316 L, 45# steel and 99% pure iron of 10Kg are added in set crucible system;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with Stainless steel 316 L is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 1000 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 1450 DEG C from 1000 DEG C, then 1450 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;It is equipped with The crucible heating schedule of 45# steel is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 1000 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is from 1000 DEG C 1510 DEG C are heated to, then 1510 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Crucible heating schedule equipped with 99% pure iron is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 1000 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 1550 DEG C from 1000 DEG C, then 1550 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, forcing cooling bench and roll.Three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in three crucible systems with liquid Thin layer form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and then roll is rolled and cooled down to molten metal surface, such as This reciprocal above process is successively accumulated, and then processing required size is 100cm × 30cm × 1cm stainless steel The sheet composition that three kinds of different materials of 316L, 45# steel and 99% pure iron are combined.

Tri- set crucible system of embodiment 1-2, A356 aluminium alloy+AZ91 magnesium alloy+45# steel

(1) according to the size of the metal-base composites of the A356 aluminium alloy of preparation, AZ91 magnesium alloy and 45# steel composition (internal diameter 100cm, outer diameter 102cm, wall thickness 1cm, long 100cm), the fortune of three-dimensional mobile platform first in setting Control System of Microcomputer Dynamic parameter is Vx=0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s, and forced cooling device rotation speed is 0.5m/s, Yi Jijin Belonging to the speed that liquid is sprayed from nozzle is 0.5m/s, the A356 aluminium alloy of 3Kg is added into three set crucible systems respectively, AZ91 magnesium closes The 45# steel of gold and 10Kg;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Equipped with AZ91 magnesium The crucible heating schedule of alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated from 500 DEG C To 650 DEG C, then 650 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Crucible heating schedule equipped with 45# steel is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is from 200 DEG C 1000 DEG C are heated to, 60min is heated to 1510 DEG C from 1000 DEG C, then 1510 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in three crucible systems with liquid Thin layer form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and then roll is rolled and cooled down to molten metal surface, such as This reciprocal above process is successively accumulated, and then processes required A356 aluminium alloy, AZ91 magnesium alloy, three kinds of 45# steel not With tubular composite material made of Material cladding.

Two set crucible system of embodiment 1-3, A356 aluminium alloy+AZ91 magnesium alloy

(1) according to the A356 aluminium alloy of preparation and AZ91 group of magnesium alloys at metal-base composites size (internal diameter 50cm, outer diameter 100cm, thick 1cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer is set first as Vx=0.5m/ S, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s, forced cooling device rotation speed is 0.5m/s and molten metal is sprayed from nozzle Speed is 0.5m/s, and the A356 aluminium alloy of 10Kg and the AZ91 magnesium alloy of 10Kg is added into three set crucible systems respectively;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Equipped with AZ91 magnesium The crucible heating schedule of alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated from 500 DEG C To 650 DEG C, then 650 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, forced cooling device and roll, Three-dimensional mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in two crucible systems with liquid State thin layer form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and then roll is rolled and cooled down to molten metal surface, And so on the above process is successively accumulated, and then processes required A356 aluminium alloy, two kinds of AZ91 magnesium alloy different materials Expect the cyclic annular composite material being combined.

21 crucible systems of embodiment+reinforced phase feeding device

Gold is prepared by the above-mentioned apparatus that successively 1 crucible system and reinforced phase feeding device are composed using material system The method of metal-matrix composite material, includes the following steps:

(1) according to the dimensional parameters of the metal-base composites of preparation, three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer 9 is determined 2 kinematic parameter, crucible system 4 discharge port 6 the molten metal rate of outflow and reinforced phase feeding device 5 discharge port speed;

(2) metal for needing melting is added to crucible 11, sealed crucible device 13 is installed, is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer 9 The vacuum degree in the indoor pressure of 11 chamber of crucible and vacuum chamber 8 is saved, needed for being added into the storage compartment of reinforced phase feeding device 5 17 Composite material;

(3) the heating dress of material heating device 12 and discharge port in crucible system 4 is set separately in Control System of Microcomputer 9 The 10 temperature control parameters set;

(4) after the metal in crucible 11 all fusing, starting three-dimensional mobile platform 2 forces cooling bench 3 and roll 7, presses It is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer 9, and then processes required composite material.Wherein, each After crucible system 4 fulfils assignment, into before next crucible system 4, Control System of Microcomputer 9 is vertical to three-dimensional mobile platform 2 Height is adjusted, to go on smoothly next operation.

Mono- crucible system of embodiment 2-1+reinforced phase feeding device, A356 aluminium alloy+alumina particle

(1) according to the size (length, width and height of the metal-base composites of the A356 aluminium alloy and alumina particle of preparation composition Respectively 200cm × 20cm × 1cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer is set first as Vx= Speed that 0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s and molten metal are sprayed from nozzle and alumina particle are from reinforced phase Discharging speed is 0.5m/s in feeding device, and the A356 aluminium that 10Kg is added into crucible system and reinforced phase feeding device respectively closes Gold and alumina particle;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and the uniform layer of the alumina particle in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on gold Belong to the upper surface of thin layer, then roll is rolled and cooled down to molten metal surface and alumina particle, and so on above-mentioned mistake Cheng Jinhang successively accumulates, and then it is compound to process the plate-shape metal base that required A356 aluminium alloy and alumina particle are combined Material.

Mono- crucible system of embodiment 2-2+reinforced phase feeding device, 45# steel+carbon fibre web

(1) according to size (internal diameter 100cm, the outer diameter of the metal-base composites of the 45# steel and carbon fibre web of preparation composition 102cm, wall thickness 1cm, long 20cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer is set first as Vx=0.5m/ S, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s, forced cooling device rotation speed is 0.5m/s and molten metal is sprayed from nozzle Speed and the carbon fibre web discharging speed from reinforced phase feeding device are 0.5m/s, respectively to crucible system and reinforced phase charging dress Set the middle 45# steel and carbon fibre web that 50Kg is added;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, setting is equipped with the crucible heating schedule of 45# steel are as follows: and 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 1000 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 1510 DEG C from 1000 DEG C, then 1510 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and the uniform layer of the carbon fibre web in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on metal The upper surface of thin layer, then roll is rolled and is cooled down to molten metal surface and carbon fibre web, and so on the above process into Row successively accumulation, and then process the tubular metal based composites that required 45# steel and carbon fibre web are combined.

Mono- crucible system of embodiment 2-3+reinforced phase feeding device, A356 aluminium alloy+long-carbon-fiber

(1) according to the A356 aluminium alloy and long-carbon-fiber of preparation composition metal-base composites size (internal diameter 50cm, Outer diameter 100cm, thick 1cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer is set first as Vx=0.5m/s, Vy =0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s and molten metal discharge from reinforced phase feeding device from the speed and long fibre that nozzle sprays Speed is 0.5m/s, and the A356 aluminium alloy and long-carbon-fiber of 10Kg is added into crucible system and reinforced phase feeding device respectively;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and the uniform layer of the long-carbon-fiber in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on metal The upper surface of thin layer, then roll is rolled and is cooled down to molten metal surface and long-carbon-fiber, and so on the above process into Row successively accumulation, and then process the annular metal based composites that required A356 aluminium alloy and long-carbon-fiber are combined.

3 at least two crucible systems of embodiment+reinforced phase feeding device

It is fed and is filled by the crucible system 4 of at least two settings and the reinforced phase between crucible system 4 using material system The method that the above-mentioned apparatus that 5 are composed prepares metal-base composites is set, is included the following steps:

(1) according to the dimensional parameters of the metal-base composites of preparation, three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer 9 is determined 2 kinematic parameter, crucible system 4 discharge port 6 the molten metal rate of outflow and reinforced phase feeding device 5 discharge port speed;

(2) metal for needing melting is added to crucible 11 respectively, sealed crucible device 13 is installed, Control System of Microcomputer is passed through 9 adjust the indoor pressure of 11 chamber of crucible and the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum, and institute is added into the storage compartment of reinforced phase feeding device 5 17 The composite material needed;

(3) the heating dress of material heating device 12 and discharge port in crucible system 4 is set separately in Control System of Microcomputer 9 The 10 temperature control parameters set;

(4) after the metal in crucible 11 all fusing, starting three-dimensional mobile platform 2 forces cooling bench 3 and roll 7, presses It is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer 9, and then processes required composite material.Wherein, each After crucible system 4 fulfils assignment, into before next crucible system 4, Control System of Microcomputer 9 is vertical to three-dimensional mobile platform 2 Height is adjusted, to go on smoothly next operation.

The number of reinforced phase and position can be depending on the demands of the composite material of preparation in the embodiment.

At least two crucible systems of embodiment 3-1+reinforced phase feeding device, A356 aluminium alloy+AZ91 magnesium alloy+carbon are long fine Dimension

(1) according to the ruler of the metal-base composites of the A356 aluminium alloy of preparation, AZ91 magnesium alloy and long-carbon-fiber composition Very little (length, width and height are respectively 200cm × 20cm × 1cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform first in setting Control System of Microcomputer The speed that sprays for Vx=0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s and molten metal from nozzle and long fibre are from enhancing Discharging speed is 0.5m/s in phase feeding device, and the A356 aluminium of 5Kg is added into crucible system and reinforced phase feeding device respectively The Az91 magnesium alloy and long-carbon-fiber of alloy, 5Kg;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Equipped with AZ91 magnesium The crucible heating schedule of alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated from 500 DEG C To 650 DEG C, then 650 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and the uniform layer of the long-carbon-fiber in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on metal The upper surface of thin layer, then roll is rolled and is cooled down to molten metal surface and long-carbon-fiber, and so on the above process into Row successively accumulation, and then process required A356 aluminium alloy, the plate-shape metal that AZ91 magnesium alloy and long-carbon-fiber are combined Based composites.

At least two crucible systems of embodiment 3-2+reinforced phase feeding device, A356 aluminium alloy+45# steel+carbon fibre web

(1) size according to the metal-base composites of the A356 aluminium alloy of preparation, 45# steel and carbon fibre web composition is (interior Diameter 100cm, outer diameter 102cm, wall thickness 1cm, long 20cm), the movement ginseng of three-dimensional mobile platform first in setting Control System of Microcomputer Number is Vx=0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s, and forced cooling device rotation speed is 0.5m/s and molten metal The speed and carbon fibre web sprayed from nozzle discharging speed from reinforced phase feeding device is 0.5m/s, respectively to crucible system and The A356 aluminium alloy of 10Kg, the 45# steel and carbon fibre web of 50Kg are added in reinforced phase feeding device;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Equipped with 45# steel Crucible heating schedule are as follows: 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 1000 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated from 1000 DEG C To 1510 DEG C, then 1510 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and the uniform layer of the carbon fibre web in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on metal The upper surface of thin layer, then roll is rolled and is cooled down to molten metal surface and carbon fibre web, and so on the above process into Row successively accumulation, so process required A356 aluminium alloy, tubular metal base that 45# steel and carbon fibre web are combined it is compound Material.

At least two crucible systems of embodiment 3-3+reinforced phase feeding device, A356 aluminium alloy+AZ91 magnesium alloy+carbon are long fine Dimension

(1) according to the ruler of the metal-base composites of the A356 aluminium alloy of preparation, AZ91 magnesium alloy and long-carbon-fiber composition Very little (internal diameter 50cm, outer diameter 100cm, thick 1cm), sets the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer as Vx first The speed that=0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s and molten metal are sprayed from nozzle is added with long fibre from enhancing Expect device in discharging speed be 0.5m/s, respectively into crucible system and reinforced phase feeding device be added 5Kg A356 aluminium alloy, The Az91 magnesium alloy and long-carbon-fiber of 5Kg;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Equipped with AZ91 magnesium The crucible heating schedule of alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated from 500 DEG C To 650 DEG C, then 650 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form layer is taped against on the forced cooling device of high-speed mobile, and the uniform layer of the long-carbon-fiber in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on metal The upper surface of thin layer, then roll is rolled and is cooled down to molten metal surface and long-carbon-fiber, and so on the above process into Row successively accumulation, and then process required A356 aluminium alloy, the annular metal that AZ91 magnesium alloy and long-carbon-fiber are combined Based composites.

Apart from the above, the metal being added in Xiang Duotai crucible of the present invention can be pure metal or alloy, in every crucible Metal species it is different;The temperature control parameter of material heating device is determined by the fusing point of different metal in crucible system;Crucible can be Perhaps metal mold crucible material heating device can be resistance heating or induction heating for graphite crucible, sand mold crucible;Air inlet and Both pressure reducing valves adjust the speed that molten metal is flowed out from nozzle by the pressure in control crucible.

The multiple discharge ports of 4 aggregate-storing system of embodiment+reinforced phase feeding device

The above-mentioned apparatus being composed of using material system one or more aggregate-storing systems 4 and reinforced phase feeding device 5 The method for preparing metal-base composites, as shown in FIG. 11 and 12.Wherein aggregate-storing system, which can be, only has heat insulation function Tundish is also possible to the crucible system with heating smelting metal, and has multiple discharge ports, and tundish and crucible system can To add same metal material, same metal material is flowed out in multiple discharge ports, is correspondingly arranged the same number of with discharge port Three-dimensional mobile platform, and then efficiently realize the continuous production of industrial mass;It can also be in tundish or crucible system Interlayer is designed in face, adds different metal material respectively, flows out different metal material in multiple discharge ports, include the following steps:

(1) according to the dimensional parameters of the metal-base composites of preparation, three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer 9 is determined 2 kinematic parameter, aggregate-storing system 4 discharge port 6 the molten metal rate of outflow and reinforced phase feeding device 5 discharge port speed;

(2) metal for needing melting is added to crucible 11 respectively, sealed crucible device 13 is installed, Control System of Microcomputer is passed through 9 adjust the indoor pressure of 11 chamber of crucible and the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum, and institute is added into the storage compartment of reinforced phase feeding device 5 17 The composite material needed;

(3) the heating dress of material heating device 12 and discharge port in aggregate-storing system 4 is set separately in Control System of Microcomputer 9 The 10 temperature control parameters set;

(4) after the metal in crucible 11 all fusing, starting three-dimensional mobile platform 2 forces cooling bench 3 and roll 7, presses It is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer 9, and then processes required composite material.Wherein, in storing After each feed opening of system 4 fulfils assignment, into before next feed opening, Control System of Microcomputer 9 is to three-dimensional mobile platform 2 Vertical height is adjusted, to go on smoothly next operation.

The number of reinforced phase and position can be depending on the demands of the composite material of preparation in the embodiment, and three-dimensional is mobile flat The number of units of platform can also depend on the circumstances.

Packet system+reinforced phase feeding device among embodiment 4-1,45 steel+long-carbon-fiber

(1) according to the size of the metal-base composites of 45 steel and long-carbon-fiber of preparation composition, (length, width and height are respectively 200cm × 20cm × 1cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer is set first as Vx=0.5m/s, Vy =0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s and molten metal discharge from reinforced phase feeding device from the speed and long fibre that nozzle sprays Speed is 0.5m/s, and long-carbon-fiber is added into reinforced phase feeding device;

(2) raw material are added, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa, recoil nitrogen to normal pressure;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, by the long nozzle in insertion tundish, the 45 of 1550 DEG C are successively poured into Steel successively opens 10 feed openings after it after the height of tundish reaches 100mm;

(4) start three-dimensional mobile platform, cooling bench and roll simultaneously, three-dimensional mobile platform in Control System of Microcomputer according to setting Fixed kinematic parameter shuttling movement, molten metal layer in the form of liquid state thin layer is taped against the cooling bench of high-speed mobile in intermediate packet system On, the uniform layer of long-carbon-fiber in reinforced phase feeding device is layered on the upper surface of thin metal layer, and then roll is to molten metal table Face and long-carbon-fiber are rolled and are cooled down, and three-dimensional mobile station from left to right successively accumulated by movement, and then is processed required 45 steel and the plate-shape metal based composites that are combined of long-carbon-fiber, the composite material processed is taken from cooling bench Under, the three-dimensional mobile station that then will be moved into right end is recycled to left end along predetermined trajectory and carries out next operation, realizes Industrialized batch continuous production.

Embodiment 4-2 crucible system, A356 aluminium alloy+carbon fibre web

(1) according to the size (internal diameter of the metal-base composites of the A356 aluminium alloy and carbon fibre web of preparation composition 100cm, outer diameter 102cm, wall thickness 1cm, long 20cm), the kinematic parameter of three-dimensional mobile platform first in setting Control System of Microcomputer For Vx=0.5m/s, Vy=0.5m/s, Vz=0.1mm/s, forced cooling device rotation speed be 0.5m/s and molten metal from The speed and carbon fibre web that nozzle sprays discharging speed from reinforced phase feeding device are 0.5m/s, respectively to crucible system and increasing The A356 aluminium alloy and carbon fibre web of 50Kg are added in strong phase feeding device;

(2) raw material are added, after sealed crucible device is installed, the indoor pressure of crucible chamber is adjusted by Control System of Microcomputer For 1.2atm, the indoor vacuum degree of vacuum is 10-4Pa;

(3) after the completion of above-mentioned steps, crucible heating schedule of the setting equipped with A356 aluminium alloy is that 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, 60min is heated to 500 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 750 DEG C from 500 DEG C, then 750 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;Equipped with 45# steel Crucible heating schedule are as follows: 30min is heated to 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated to 1000 DEG C from 200 DEG C, and 60min is heated from 1000 DEG C To 1510 DEG C, then 1510 DEG C of heat preservation 2h;

(4) after the metal in crucible all fusing, while starting three-dimensional mobile platform, pressure cooling bench and roll, three Dimension mobile platform is moved back and forth according to the kinematic parameter set in Control System of Microcomputer, and molten metal is in crucible system with liquid state thin layer Form flows out on the pressure cooling bench that layer is taped against high-speed mobile from 6 feed openings, the carbon fibre web in reinforced phase feeding device Uniform layer is layered on the upper surface of thin metal layer, and then roll is rolled and cooled down to molten metal surface and carbon fibre web, such as This reciprocal above process is successively accumulated, and then processes what 6 required A356 aluminium alloys and carbon fibre web were combined Metal-base composites.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of device using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: including material add-on system (1), position In three-dimensional mobile platform (2) below and be set to it is on three-dimensional mobile platform (2), for in material add-on system (1) Material carry out paving casting cooling bench (3);The material add-on system is at least 2 sets of aggregate-storing systems (4) or by aggregate-storing system (4) and the system that is composed of reinforced phase feeding device (5), the lower end of aggregate-storing system (4) and reinforced phase feeding device (5) is equipped with Discharge port (6).
2. the device according to claim 1 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: the storing System (4) is crucible system or tundish.
3. the device according to claim 1 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: the discharging It part or is equipped with roll (7), the three-dimensional mobile platform (2), cooling bench (3), discharge port (6) and roll (7) position at mouthful (6) In vacuum chamber (8).
4. the device according to claim 3 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: the device is also Including the microcomputer control system being connected with material add-on system (1), three-dimensional mobile platform (2), cooling bench (3) and vacuum chamber (8) It unites (9).
5. the device according to claim 3 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: when material adds When adding system (1) is composed of aggregate-storing system (4) and reinforced phase feeding device (5), the aggregate-storing system (4) is 1 set, enhancing At least 1 set of phase feeding device (5).
6. the device according to claim 3 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: when material adds When adding system (1) is composed of aggregate-storing system (4) and reinforced phase feeding device (5), at least 2 sets of the aggregate-storing system (4) increases Strong at least 1 set of phase feeding device (5).
7. the device according to claim 3 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: when material adds When adding system (1) is composed of aggregate-storing system (4) and reinforced phase feeding device (5), the aggregate-storing system (4) is 1 set, under End is equipped at least two discharge port (6), and the side of some or all discharge ports (6) is equipped with reinforced phase feeding device (5).
8. the device according to claim 1 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: the device is also Including be set to the aggregate-storing system (4) discharge port (6) lower end, heating that the outlet material at discharge port (6) is heated Device (10).
9. the device according to claim 1 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: the cooling Platform (3) is planar, rotary-type plate-like, curved, ring-type or column.
10. the device according to claim 2 using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer, it is characterised in that: the earthenware Crucible system (4) includes the crucible (11) for being set to vacuum chamber (8) upper end, the material heating device (12) being set in crucible (11), sets In the sealed crucible device (13) of crucible (11) upper end, air inlet (14), thermal detector (15) and pressure reducing valve (16).
11. a kind of method for preparing metal_based material using device described in claim 1, it is characterised in that including walking as follows Rapid: material add-on system (1) is flowed out after handling material by discharge port (6), is adjusted three-dimensional mobile platform (2) and is transported It is dynamic, material bed in material add-on system (1) is laid on cooling bench (3), metal-base composites is made.
CN201811515400.0A 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 A kind of device and method using the paved standby metal_based material of melt layer CN109482883A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6030199A (en) * 1998-02-09 2000-02-29 Arizona Board Of Regents, Acting For And On Behalf Of Arizona State University Apparatus for freeform fabrication of a three-dimensional object
CN104001906A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-27 上海大学 Thin layer fast solidification forming device and method
CN105584045A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-18 吉林大学 Multi-material part 3D printing device and printing method thereof
CN105817626A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-03 西安交通大学 Molten coating forming device and method of metal material gradient components
CN106363920A (en) * 2016-09-24 2017-02-01 上海大学 High-efficiency high-mechanical-property 3D printing device and method based on fused deposition
CN107557703A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-09 西华大学 A kind of method that 3D printing prepares long fiber reinforcement metal-base composites

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6030199A (en) * 1998-02-09 2000-02-29 Arizona Board Of Regents, Acting For And On Behalf Of Arizona State University Apparatus for freeform fabrication of a three-dimensional object
CN104001906A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-27 上海大学 Thin layer fast solidification forming device and method
CN105584045A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-05-18 吉林大学 Multi-material part 3D printing device and printing method thereof
CN105817626A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-03 西安交通大学 Molten coating forming device and method of metal material gradient components
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