CN109479785A - A kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment - Google Patents

A kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109479785A
CN109479785A CN201811572400.4A CN201811572400A CN109479785A CN 109479785 A CN109479785 A CN 109479785A CN 201811572400 A CN201811572400 A CN 201811572400A CN 109479785 A CN109479785 A CN 109479785A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
net cage
environmentally protective
outer layer
driven shaft
layer net
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Granted
Application number
CN201811572400.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109479785B (en
Inventor
叶华
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Yibin University
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Yibin University
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Priority to CN201811572400.4A priority Critical patent/CN109479785B/en
Publication of CN109479785A publication Critical patent/CN109479785A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/322Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae
    • C02F3/325Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae use of algae as symbiotic combination of algae and bacteria
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/007Contaminated open waterways, rivers, lakes or ponds
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Ecology (AREA)
  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment, its main feature also has additional the second cleaning assemblies, the first cleaning assemblies and sewage disposal system with cleaning function that opening and closing louvre blade may be reversed in addition to having the internal layer net cage group convenient for folding and unfolding cultivation fish;Second cleaning assemblies can be used as bait table by shaking thick stick manually, the second shaft, cone tooth, driven shaft, adjusting rope group and fixed pulley control louvre blade overturning and opening and closing;First cleaning assemblies completes the cleaning to the second cleaning assemblies with electric brush rotation by rotary electric machine, first rotating shaft, so that residual bait and dead fish are isolated in time;By the whole decontamination that outer layer net cage, the canvas being connected under the second cleaning assemblies and dirt sucking tube, soil pick-up pump and sewage disposal system are formed combine can complete obsolete collection and processing, avoid polluting water body.Therefore the environmentally protective net cage equipment cleaning waste is convenient and efficient, ecological, environmental protective.

Description

A kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of fish culture, are related to a kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment.
Background technique
There is long and very flourishing fish culture in net pen history in China, and aquaculture amount reaches 51,420,000 tons, accounts for global cultivation The specific gravity of amount is more than 70%, however rotten residual bait, excrement etc. is threatened fish and, fish production increasingly severe to the pollution of water body The quality of product also increasingly declines, and under Ecology Precedence, the epoch overall background of Green Development, prevents rubbish in pollution and timely removing case Rubbish is particularly significant for maintaining cage culture environment.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment, main feature is removed to have and be cultivated convenient for folding and unfolding Outside the internal layer net cage of fish, also has additional and the second cleaning assemblies of opening and closing louvre blade, the first cleaning with cleaning function may be reversed Component, soil pick-up and sewage disposal system;Second cleaning assemblies is by shaking thick stick manually, the second shaft, driven shaft, adjusting rope group and cunning Wheel control louvre blade overturning and opening and closing, while bait table can be used as;First cleaning assemblies passes through rotary electric machine, first rotating shaft band The cleaning to the second cleaning assemblies is completed in electric brush rotation, so that residual bait and dead fish are isolated in time;By outer layer net cage, it is connected to The whole decontamination combination that canvas and dirt sucking tube, soil pick-up pump and sewage disposal system under two cleaning assemblies are formed can complete waste Collection and processing, avoid polluting water body.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:
A kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment, the environmentally protective net cage equipment include swimming on water body and middle part has Station, internal layer net cage group and the outer layer net cage of opening, the outer layer net cage are fixedly mounted on the outside of station, the inner layer net Case group is mounted on the inside of station;The internal layer net cage group includes at least two aquiculture mesh cages, and the aquiculture mesh cage includes cylinder mould Main body and the first network interface float frame, and first network interface floats the upper end that frame is set to cylinder mould main body;Under the outer layer net cage has End opening comprising outer layer net box main body, the second network interface float frame, and second network interface floats frame and is set to the upper of outer layer net box main body End;The inside of the station is also provided with support plate, is fixedly installed with the first cleaning assemblies in the support plate, and described One cleaning assemblies includes rotary electric machine, first rotating shaft and hairbrush, the through-hole that the rotary electric machine is equipped with by support plate with to The first rotating shaft extended under water is fixed, and the first rotating shaft extends at outer layer net cage lower ending opening, the first rotating shaft bottom end Hairbrush is installed;Adjusting component is also equipped on the station, the adjusting component includes shaking thick stick, the second shaft and cone manually Tooth, the thick stick that shakes manually are fixed by the through-hole that station is equipped with to the second shaft extended under water, second shaft Lower end extends at outer layer net cage lower ending opening and connect in end with the cone tooth;The net cage equipment further includes that setting exists The second cleaning assemblies at the outer layer net cage lower ending opening comprising carry out cone tooth engagement in end and the first rotating shaft Driven shaft, the driven shaft are connected with support rod respectively, and described support rod one end is fixed on outer layer net cage, and the other end is inserted in institute It states in driven shaft, at least two is additionally provided on the driven shaft and adjusts rope clamp ditch, second cleaning assemblies further includes louvre blade Group adjusts rope group, and the louvre series include several arranged in parallel and point column driven shaft side louvre blade, each blinds Piece is at least respectively equipped with 2 symmetrical through-holes at same position, is first through hole and the second through-hole, and the adjusting is restricted Group includes at least 2 adjusting ropes being arranged in the same manner, wherein a head end for adjusting rope is passed through and is fixed on outer layer net cage Fixed pulley after, 1 through-hole such as first through hole by being set to same location on different louvre blades is placed through described driven Whole louvre blades of axis the same side, the adjusting rope is fixed on on the driven shaft adjusting rope clamp ditch thereafter, thereafter around Cross another adjusting rope clamp ditch that driven shaft is fixed on the driven shaft, the second through-hole being then passed through thereafter on whole louvre blades Afterwards, connect through fixed pulley with the head end of the adjusting rope, form complete end to end structure, and the adjusting rope is in louvre series The structure intersected is each formed between driven shaft, between louvre series and pulley;The net cage equipment further includes positioned at described Louvre series lower end, the canvas funnel that connects with the outer layer net cage, the dirt sucking tube being connected with the canvas funnel, then with The soil pick-up pump that the dirt sucking tube is connected, and the sewage disposal system connected with soil pick-up pump are connect.
The technical program is by shaking thick stick manually, the second shaft, driven shaft, adjusting rope clamp ditch, adjusting rope group and louvre series Cooperation can be realized the overturning of louvre blade, wherein shake manually thick stick control the second shaft rotation, the second shaft by cone tooth control Driven shaft rotates and changes its steering, and driven shaft is connect by adjusting rope with louvre blade, so as to control louvre blade rotation, Easy to operate, structure is simple.
The technical program can quickly handle the fish excrement and other pollutants being deposited on cleaning assemblies in net, main It is to be pumped to provide net cage region downward active force by dirt sucking tube by soil pick-up, pollutant just can be worn under the action of soil pick-up pump The gap for the louvre blade crossed after opening enters dirt sucking tube and is discharged outside net cage, which flexibly and fast, can reduce dirt Harm of the object to entire net cage is contaminated, and clears up, is easy to maintain, improves work efficiency, improves water environment.
As another specific embodiment, the adjusting rope clamp ditch is single clip ditch or double fastener ditch.
As another specific embodiment, the environmentally protective net cage equipment further includes float tube frame, the float tube frame It is installed at the top of net cage, which is made of several end to end float tubes.
As another specific embodiment, the float tube uses one of pvc pipe, PPR pipe, PE pipe or a variety of.
As another specific embodiment, the diameter of the float tube is 50~100mm.
As another specific embodiment, the station intermediate openings are equipped with plantation net, and the plantation net includes online With spacer screen, the online is covered in float tube upper surface and is secured to, and the spacer screen is covered in float tube lower surface and is secured to, It can be filled with culture medium between the online and spacer screen.
As another specific embodiment, also suspension is fixed with algae bed below the spacer screen.
As another specific embodiment, the width of the blade is 5~15cm.
As another specific embodiment, the top surface area of the station is S1, the area of the opening in the middle part of station For S2, S1With S2Meet relationship: S2=0.5~0.8S1
As another specific embodiment, the junction between the louvre blade is equipped with yielding rubber bar.
Technical method of the invention have the utility model has the advantages that
(1) operating process of the invention is convenient, fast, the rubbish in net cage can be made directly to be cleared up at the bottom, work Make efficient;
(2) internal layer net cage of the invention not only contributes to form closing culturing area, additionally it is possible to facilitate receipts net operation;
(3) present invention controls row brush by first rotating shaft and can clean to louvre series, convenient and efficient;
(4) present invention when louvre blade is opened, is provided by the cooperation of louvre blade, dirt sucking tube and soil pick-up pump in soil pick-up pump Under power, the pollutant in net cage like fish excrement can pass rapidly through impeller clearance and be cleaned out, and can effectively stop live fish Pass through, to realize preferable isolation effect, mitigates the influence to water environment;
(5) component maintenance in the present invention, replacement are convenient, and especially blade can directly pass through dismounting and change, time saving It is laborsaving;
(6) present invention is vdiverse in function, and by the way that plantation net is arranged in float tube, on the one hand planting online plant can be net Case provides the benefit materials such as oxygen, algae, beneficial bacterium, on the other hand can also a degree of decomposition nitrogen, phosphorus machine and organic dirt Object is contaminated, helps to prevent water eutrophication, certain catharsis is played to water body.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is net cage equipment schematic view of the front view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is net cage equipment main view the schematic diagram of the section structure of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the right view the schematic diagram of the section structure of net cage equipment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of net cage equipment louvre blade of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged diagram at net cage equipment A-A of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged diagram of the cone tooth engagement at net cage equipment B-B of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of net cage equipment aquiculture mesh cage of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the main view the schematic diagram of the section structure that net cage equipment of the invention is equipped with plantation net;
Label is described as follows in figure:
1, station;2, support plate;3, thick stick is shaken manually;4, the second shaft;5, tooth is bored;6, driven shaft;7, support rod;8, it adjusts Save rope clamp ditch;8a, single clip ditch;8b, double fastener ditch;9, rope group is adjusted;10, louvre series;10a, louvre blade;11, first through hole; 12, the second through-hole;13, component is adjusted;14, canvas funnel;15, rotary electric machine;16, first rotating shaft;17, hairbrush;18, it supports Frame;19, internal layer net cage group;20, outer layer net cage;21, aquiculture mesh cage;22, cylinder mould main body;23, the first network interface floats frame;24, outer layer Net cage main body;25, the second network interface floats frame;26, net is planted;27, it surfs the Internet;28, spacer screen;29, culture medium;30, algae bed;31, damping Rubber strip;32, float tube frame;33, float tube;34, dirt sucking tube;35, soil pick-up pumps;36, sewage disposal system;37, fixed pulley;38; First cleaning assemblies;39, the second cleaning assemblies.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the invention can With mutual group.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is It is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, is merely for convenience of description the invention and simplifies description, rather than indicate Or imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore cannot understand For the limitation to the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are used for description purposes only, and should not be understood as indicating Or it implies relative importance or implicitly indicates the quantity of indicated technical characteristic." first ", " second " etc. are defined as a result, Feature can explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the invention, unless separately It is described, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
In the description of the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " peace Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally Connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood by concrete condition State concrete meaning of the term in the invention.
Here is that the present invention is further described in conjunction with attached drawing 1~7:
Specific embodiment one:
The environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1~7, the environmentally protective net cage equipment includes Station 1, internal layer net cage group 19 and outer layer net cage 20 that on water body and middle part has opening are swum in, the outer layer net cage 20 is logical It crosses rope and is bundled in 1 outside of station, the internal layer net cage group 19 is bundled in 1 inside of station by rope;The inner layer net Case group 19 includes at least two aquiculture mesh cages 21, and the aquiculture mesh cage 21 includes that cylinder mould main body 22 and the first network interface float frame 23, institute It states the first network interface and floats the upper end that frame 23 is set to cylinder mould main body 22;The outer layer net cage 20 has lower ending opening comprising outer Layer net cage main body 24, the second network interface float frame 25, and second network interface floats the upper end that frame 25 is set to outer layer net box main body 24;Institute The inside for stating station 1 is also provided with support plate 2, is fixedly installed with the first cleaning assemblies 38 in the support plate 2, and described first Cleaning assemblies 38 includes rotary electric machine 15, first rotating shaft 16 and hairbrush 17, and the rotary electric machine 15 passes through what support plate 2 was equipped with Through-hole is fixed with to the first rotating shaft 16 extended under water, and the first rotating shaft 16 extends at 20 lower ending opening of outer layer net cage, institute It states 16 bottom end of first rotating shaft and hairbrush 17 is installed;It is also equipped on the station 1 and adjusts component 13, the adjusting component 13 wraps It includes and shakes thick stick 3, the second shaft 4 and cone tooth 5 manually, it is described to shake the through-hole and extend to underwater that thick stick 3 is equipped with by station 1 manually The second shaft 4 it is fixed, 4 lower end of the second shaft extends at 20 lower ending opening of outer layer net cage and in end and the cone Tooth 5 connects;The net cage equipment further includes the second cleaning assemblies 39 being arranged at 20 lower ending opening of outer layer net cage, packet It including and carries out the driven shaft 6 that cone tooth 5 engages with the first rotating shaft 16 in end, the driven shaft 6 is connected with support rod 7 respectively, Described 7 one end of support rod is fixed on outer layer net cage 20, and specifically, 20 lower ending opening of outer layer net cage is welded with support frame 18, branch Strut 7 is connect by bolt with support frame 18, and 7 other ends of support rod are inserted in the driven shaft 6, on the driven shaft 6 also Equipped at least two single clip ditch 8a, second cleaning assemblies 39 further includes louvre series 10, adjusts rope group 9, the louvre series 10 include several arranged in parallel and point column 6 side of driven shaft louvre blade 10a, and each louvre blade 10a is in same position Place is respectively equipped with 2 symmetrical through-holes, at least for first through hole 11 and the second through-hole 12, the adjustings rope group 9 including to Few 2 adjusting ropes being arranged in the same manner a, wherein head end for adjusting rope passes through to be fixed on outer layer net cage 20 and determines cunning After wheel 37,1 through-hole such as first through hole by being set to same location on different louvre blade 10a is placed through the driven shaft Whole louvre blade 10a of 6 the same sides, the adjusting rope is fixed on a single clip ditch 8a on the driven shaft 6 thereafter, thereafter around Cross another single clip ditch 8a that driven shaft 6 is fixed on the driven shaft 6, second be then passed through thereafter on whole louvre blade 10a After through-hole, connect through fixed pulley 37 with the head end of the adjusting rope, forms complete end to end structure, and the adjusting rope is hundred The structure intersected is each formed between blade group 10 and driven shaft 6, between louvre series 10 and pulley;The net cage equipment is also wrapped Canvas funnel 14 positioned at 10 lower end of louvre series, connecting with the outer layer net cage 20 is included, with the canvas funnel 14 The dirt sucking tube 34 being connected, then the soil pick-up pump 35 being connected with the dirt sucking tube 34, and the sewage being connected with soil pick-up pump 35 Processing system 36 connects.
Wherein, the thick stick 3 that shakes manually uses the Hua Xin -006 model metal of Bazhou City Kang Xianzhuan Hua Xin hardware plastic molding and processing plant more Function shakes thick stick 3 manually, this shakes thick stick 32 manually can control the rotation of the second rotation axis by end.
Wherein, the rotary electric machine 15 is using the military prosperous vertical waterproof rotary electric machine of fine horse electromechanics Hardwear Pty Ltd., Dongguan City association 15,2.2K (W)~3.6K (W), the rotary electric machine 15 include motor, shell, pedestal, and rotary electric machine 15 passes through motor and rotation Axis connection.
Wherein, above-mentioned dirt sucking tube 33 uses general corrosion resistant, wear-resisting water pipe, can transmit pollutant and water, specifically Can be using pipeline made of PE material;Soil pick-up pump 35 refers to that pumping (water) mouth for having one-in-and-one-out, exhaust (water) mouth are each One, and can persistently form vacuum or negative pressure in entrance, for extracting water, gas mixed type medium, or directly draw water Device can specifically use stainless steel self-priming suction pump.
Above-mentioned float tube 32 is set to the position at the top of net cage or close to top, one side be conducive to operation in net cage with Maintenance increases work surface, and on the other hand, when using net 26 is planted, planting plants are located at the top of net cage, is easier to receive sunlight, And operation is more convenient.
Above-mentioned sewage disposal system 36 refers to the water quality requirement pair for being discharged into a certain water body to reach sewage or reusing Its installations and facilities system purified, the installations and facilities system can be by Gravity Separations, centrifuge separation, reverse osmosis, active The methods of sludge, biomembrane, neutralization, redox or ion exchange further process sewage, improve effluent quality.
Wherein, surrounding's gradient in the infundibulate face of canvas funnel 14 is bigger, is more advantageous to across sieve or collecting net Sundries is fallen into dirt sucking tube 33.
It is understood that the maximum gap after louvre series 10 are opened in the technical program between adjacent blades is not done especially Regulation, can be understood with those skilled in the art, can prevent live fish from escaping from subject to.
The present embodiment can quickly handle the fish excrement and other pollutants being deposited on cleaning assemblies in net, be mainly Downward active force is provided net cage region by dirt sucking tube 33 by soil pick-up pump 35, and pollutant just can under the action of soil pick-up pump 35 The gap of enough louvre blade 10a after opening enters dirt sucking tube 33 and is discharged outside net cage, the equipment operation flexibly and fast, energy Harm of the pollutant to entire net cage is enough reduced, and clears up, is easy to maintain, improves work efficiency, improves water environment.
Working principle:
When the environmentally protective net cage equipment of the technical program is cleaned, control shakes thick stick 3 manually first, shakes thick stick manually 3 can control the rotation of the second shaft 4, and 4 lower end of the second shaft can then control the rotation of driven shaft 6 by cone tooth 5 and change it It turns to (referring in particular to Fig. 3), is all connected with due to adjusting rope with 6 single clip ditch 8a of driven shaft, louvre blade 10a through-hole, driven shaft 6 then may be used Control louvre blade 10a is rotated together therewith, to realize the overturning of louvre blade 10a (referring in particular to Fig. 2);Louvre blade 10a is opened When, fish excrement and other pollutants can pass through cleaning assemblies and be removed out outside net cage equipment;When louvre blade 10a is closed, thereon Surface can be used in supporting bait, while can also open the control of rotary electric machine 15 row brush and clean to the surface louvre blade 10a.
Specific embodiment two:
Unlike specific embodiment one, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, the adjusting rope clamp ditch 8 For double fastener ditch 8b, adjusting rope can effectively avoid skidding by pressing from both sides ditch, facilitate power transmission.
Specific embodiment three:
Unlike specific embodiment one or two, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, the green ring Protecting net cage equipment equipment further includes float tube frame 32, and the float tube frame 32 is installed on the top of station 1, the float tube frame 32 by Several end to end float tubes 33 are constituted, and can play better buoyancy effects.
Specific embodiment four:
Unlike specific embodiment three, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, the float tube 33 is used One of pvc pipe, PPR pipe, PE pipe are a variety of.
In the present embodiment, pvc pipe, PPR pipe, PE pipe good toughness, buoyancy effects are good, can any angle heat between pipe fitting and pipe fitting It closes;As further preferred, the above-mentioned use of float tube 33 PE pipe, intensity height, long service life, cost economy.
Preferably, can connect to form frame-shaped from beginning to end between float tube 33 and float tube 33, heat seal is can be used in head and the tail junction Two sections of water pipe heat seals, specifically mode are to do medium with PE pipe fitting in inflection point junction by machine, are managed the PE to have broken using heat seal Soften with the heating one end of PE pipe fitting, then PE pipe and PE pipe fitting are connected, until first segment PE pipe and PE pipe fitting junction Aforesaid operations are repeated after cooling to connect PE pipe fitting and second PE pipe, and all production can be completed.
Preferably, at least one float tube 33 can be bundled below 33 side of float tube or float tube 33 to guarantee enough buoyancy, To improve buoyancy effects;As further preferred, when the float tube 33 bundled below float tube 33, float tube 33 forms up-down structure, The diameter of lower float tube is smaller than floating pipe diameter, specifically, the diameter of lower float tube is the 1/2~2/3 of floating pipe diameter, is promoted The effect of buoyancy is more obvious.
Specific embodiment five:
Unlike specific embodiment three, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, the float tube 33 it is straight Diameter is 50~100mm, can satisfy buoyancy requirement, and solid wear-resisting.
Specific embodiment six:
Unlike specific embodiment one, in conjunction with shown in Fig. 1~8, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment Equipment, is additionally provided with plantation net 26 at 11 intermediate openings of station, and the plantation net 26 includes online 27 and spacer screen 28, described Online 27 is covered in 32 upper surface of float tube and is secured to, and the spacer screen 28 is covered in 32 lower surface of float tube and is secured to, institute Stating can be filled with culture medium 29 between online 27 and spacer screen 28.
By setting plantation net 26, planting the plant on net 26 can mention the present embodiment to provide oxygen in net cage equipment High water oxygen level.
Specific embodiment seven:
Unlike specific embodiment six, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, 28 lower section of spacer screen Also suspension is fixed with algae bed 30.
Algae and beneficial bacterium can be grown on the algae bed 30 of the present embodiment, on the one hand can protect plant root, another party Face can provide nutriment abundant for fish;Nitrogen, phosphorus machine and organic dirt can be decomposed by the way that beneficial bacterium is also a degree of Object is contaminated, helps to prevent water eutrophication, certain catharsis is played to water body.
Specific embodiment eight:
Unlike specific embodiment one, two, four, five or seven, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of present embodiment, institute The width for stating louvre blade 10a is 5~15cm.
Specific embodiment nine:
Unlike specific embodiment eight, the environmentally protective net cage equipment of the venetian blind type of present embodiment, the behaviour The top surface area for making platform 1 is S1, the area of the opening at 1 middle part of station is S2, S1With S2Meet relationship: S2=0.5~0.8S1
It is capable of the space requirement of active balance station 1 operation and cultivation in present embodiment, makes operator that there is foot The work of internal layer net cage is completed to reel in enough 1 spaces of station, securely and reliably.
Specific embodiment ten:
Unlike specific embodiment one, two, four, five, seven or nine, the environmentally protective net cage of present embodiment is set Standby, the junction between louvre blade 10a is equipped with yielding rubber bar 31, can further slow down the friction between blade, prolong The service life of long louvre blade 10a.
One embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail above, but the content is only preferable implementation of the invention Example, should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention.It is all according to all the changes and improvements made by the present patent application range Deng should still be within the scope of the patent of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of environmentally protective net cage equipment, which is characterized in that the net cage equipment includes swimming on water body and middle part has There are station (1), internal layer net cage group (19) and the outer layer net cage (20) of opening, the outer layer net cage (20) is fixedly mounted on operation On the outside of platform (1), the internal layer net cage group (19) is fixedly mounted on the inside of station (1);The internal layer net cage group (19) includes extremely Few two aquiculture mesh cages (21), the aquiculture mesh cage (21) they include that cylinder mould main body (22) and the first network interface are floating frame (23), and described the One network interface floats the upper end that frame (23) is set to cylinder mould main body (22);The outer layer net cage (20) has lower ending opening comprising Outer layer net box main body (24), the second network interface float frame (25), and second network interface floats frame (25) and is set to outer layer net box main body (24) Upper end;The inside of the station (1) is also provided with support plate (2), and it is clear that first is fixedly installed on the support plate (2) Clean component (38), first cleaning assemblies (38) include rotary electric machine (15), first rotating shaft (16) and hairbrush (17), and described turn The through-hole that dynamic motor (15) are equipped with by support plate (2) is fixed with to the first rotating shaft (16) extended under water, and described first turn Axis (16) extends at outer layer net cage (20) lower ending opening, and first rotating shaft (16) bottom end is equipped with hairbrush (17);The behaviour Make to be also equipped on platform (1) and adjust component (13), the adjusting component (13) includes shaking thick stick (3), the second shaft (4) and cone manually Tooth (5), it is described to shake the through-hole and fixed, the institute to the second shaft 4 extended under water that thick stick (3) are equipped with by station (1) manually The second shaft (4) lower end is stated to extend at outer layer net cage (20) lower ending opening and connect in end with the cone tooth (5);It is described Net cage equipment further includes the second cleaning assemblies (39) being arranged at outer layer net cage (20) lower ending opening comprising in end The driven shaft (6) that cone tooth 5 engages is carried out with the first rotating shaft (16), the driven shaft (6) is connected with support rod (7) respectively, Described support rod (7) one end is fixed on outer layer net cage (20), and the other end is inserted in the driven shaft (6), the driven shaft (6) On be additionally provided at least two adjust rope clamp ditch (8), second cleaning assemblies (39) further include louvre series (10), adjust rope group (9), the louvre series (10) include several arranged in parallel and point column driven shaft (6) side louvre blade (10a), each Louvre blade (10a) is at least respectively equipped with 2 symmetrical through-holes at same position, leads to for first through hole (11) and second Hole (12), adjusting rope group (9) includes at least 2 adjusting ropes being arranged in the same manner, wherein one adjusts the head end of rope After the fixed pulley (37) being fixed on outer layer net cage (20), by being set to the 1 of same location on different louvre blades (10a) A through-hole such as first through hole is placed through whole louvre blades (10a) of the driven shaft (6) the same side, and the adjusting rope is fixed thereafter In on an adjusting rope clamp ditch (8) on the driven shaft (6), it is fixed on the driven shaft (6) around driven shaft (6) thereafter Another adjust rope clamp ditch (8), after being then passed through the second through-hole on whole louvre blades (10a) thereafter, through fixed pulley (37) with The head end of the adjusting rope connects, and forms complete end to end structure, and the adjusting rope is in louvre series (10) and driven shaft (6) structure intersected is each formed between, between louvre series (10) and pulley;The net cage equipment further includes being located at described hundred Blade group (10) lower end, the canvas funnel (14) that connects with the outer layer net cage (20), are connected with the canvas funnel (14) Logical dirt sucking tube (34), then the soil pick-up pump (35) being connected with the dirt sucking tube (34), and be connected with soil pick-up pump (35) Sewage disposal system (36) connection.
2. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the adjusting rope clamp ditch (8) is single Press from both sides ditch (8a) or double fastener ditch (8b).
3. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the environmentally protective net cage is set Standby equipment further includes float tube frame (32), and the float tube frame (32) is installed on 1 top of station, the float tube frame (32) if by Do end to end float tube (33) composition.
4. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the float tube (33) using pvc pipe, One of PPR pipe, PE pipe are a variety of.
5. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the diameter of the float tube (33) is 50 ~100mm.
6. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 1,2,4 or 5, which is characterized in that in the station (1) Portion's opening is additionally provided with plantation net (26), and the plantation net (26) includes online (27) and spacer screen (28), and the online (27) is covered It is placed on float tube (32) upper surface and is secured to, the spacer screen (28) is covered in float tube (32) lower surface and is secured to, described It can be filled with culture medium (29) between online (27) and spacer screen (28).
7. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that also hung below the spacer screen (28) It is fixed with algae bed (30).
8. according to claim 1, any environmentally protective net cage equipment in 2,4,5 or 7, which is characterized in that the blinds The width of piece (10a) is 5~15cm.
9. environmentally protective net cage equipment according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the upper surface of the station (1) Product is S1, the area of the opening in the middle part of station (1) is S2, S1With S2Meet relationship: S2=0.5~0.8S1
10. according to claim 1, net cage equipment environmentally protective described in 2,4,5,7 or 9, which is characterized in that louvre blade Junction between (10a) is equipped with yielding rubber bar (31).
CN201811572400.4A 2018-12-21 2018-12-21 Green's box with a net equipment Active CN109479785B (en)

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CN110495415B (en) * 2019-09-24 2021-06-04 浙江海洋大学 Structure-improved aquaculture net cage

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