CN1094749C - Multi-function suction device for medical use - Google Patents

Multi-function suction device for medical use Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1094749C
CN1094749C CN 96119633 CN96119633A CN1094749C CN 1094749 C CN1094749 C CN 1094749C CN 96119633 CN96119633 CN 96119633 CN 96119633 A CN96119633 A CN 96119633A CN 1094749 C CN1094749 C CN 1094749C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
suction
handle
suction tube
nipple
tube
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 96119633
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1174694A (en
Inventor
杜永义
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杜永义
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Priority to CN 96119633 priority Critical patent/CN1094749C/en
Publication of CN1174694A publication Critical patent/CN1174694A/en
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Publication of CN1094749C publication Critical patent/CN1094749C/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a multifunctional medical suction device comprising a suction handle, a suction tube and multifunctional fittings. A rubber plug joint is arranged on the front part of a piston rod, and a handle is arranged on the rear part. A suction tube clamping hole matched with a hemming structure of an unsealed end at the back part of the suction tube is arranged on the front part of the conduit of the suction handle, and a negative pressure locking structure and a suction handle support are arranged on the back part. An adjustable tee joint and/or various special material needles and plastic tubes can be assembled on a nipple of the suction tube. The invention is suitable for clinical departments to suck cancer cells, liver hydrothorax, cyst, abscess and dropsy in bodies and inject medicine into the local position of pathological changes or empty organs so as to implement local treatment and sampling inspection. The invention has the advantages of simplicity, high speed, no injure, operation by single hand, human resource saving, labor saving, safety, etc.

Description

Multi-function suction device for medical use
The present invention relates to a kind of medical apparatus and instruments, specifically a kind of extractor.
The pathology worker will draw cell, extract the pathological tissues biopsy when the diagnosis state of an illness.Biopsy method of drawing material commonly used has: endoscope, operate on, clamp is got tissue and carry out pin absorption cell with special pin.Endoscope's not only expense height of drawing materials, and need utilize the natural passage of human body, there is certain limitation.Operate on the expense height of drawing materials, the time is long, and patient trauma is big.The method that the Tai Shi pin is drawn materials is to utilize hook, groove and thorn on the syringe needle to take cell and small tissue out of, and it is big to have a needle track normal tissue injury, and the needle track implantation of malignant tumor and the danger of diffusion are arranged.The instrument of in addition taking out negative pressure is an ordinary syringe, during use, need bimanualness to draw, normal check and fail because of fixing enclosed mass can cause, or draw materials inaccurately because of syringe needle easily causes from the diseased region slippage, and particularly run into the spadger, uncooperative, disorderly play and kyoodle, be difficult to successfully when making the lymph node puncture of cervical region.In gynecological, during the inspection of the anorectal section and the department of stomatology is drawn materials, often need left hand to hold specula, single surplus right hand can't be drawn materials with syringe, have to use the pliers biopsy tissue.Sting with tissue forceps and to get tissue, wound is big, tear, and is irregular, hemorrhage many, is difficult for healing, deficiencies such as easy infection.Get tissue and need per vaginam as cervix uteri is stung with tissue forceps with gauze filling compressing wound hemostasis 8 hours, sometimes also end incessantly hemorrhage, so it is multiple unfavorable that patient is had, and biopsy tissue usually has crimp also unfavorable to histological examination, draw with syringe in addition, because of there not being the cell tissue sieve to pull on the nipple, need remove negative pressure when pulling out pin and can make the part cancerous cell cause the artificial growth of cancerous cell unavoidably at needle track or subcutaneous coming off.
The clinician takes out hydrothorax, and the past all is to use large-scale syringe, often needs 2-3 people to carry out, male doctor's drawing liquid that strength is big, and the little doctor of strength takes two pairs of pliers, and one fixing depth of needle, and a handle is placed on the flexible pipe between syringe and syringe needle.After one people was drawn into syringe to hydrothorax, another human pliers was clamped flexible pipe, and the former pulls up syringe connecting after the liquid discharge again, and the latter unclamps the pincers of folder flexible pipe again, so repeatedly, needed hour ability end half an hour to one sometimes.Big liver abscess need be taken out under B ultrasonic monitors and be washed treatment, often needs more than 2-3 hour.Taking out the discharge opeing of need both hands effort drawing liquid with syringe, is not the grip with finger, so take people, effort, time-consuming dangerous again.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of clinical each section to be used for aspirating carcinoma cell tissue, be used for aspirating ascites pleural fluid, in cyst, abscess and the body hydrops and injectable drug implement in pathological changes part and the hollow organ topical therapeutic and take a sample to check, easy, quick, people from province, laborsaving, safety, not damaged, singlehanded exercisable multi-function suction device for medical use.
The multi-function suction device for medical use that technical scheme of the present invention is made up of suction handle, suction tube, multi-functional accessory etc.The suction handle is made up of piston rod and suction handle conduit; There is the plug joint front portion of piston rod, there is handle at the rear portion, there is suction tube suction handle conduit front portion in conjunction with hole clipping, the conduit both sides have can make handle at this guide groove that slides up and down, and there are negative pressure latch-up structure and suction handle holder in the rear portion: suction tube rear portion opening end crimping for and the structure that is complementary of the suction tube hole clipping of suction handle.The piston rod of handle connects crossbeam, and is vertical with the handle both wings.Can be on the nipple of suction tube according to different demands, the multi-functional accessory of adapted, multi-functional accessory are various special syringe needles, adjustable threeway, syringe pipe, cell tissue sieve plate are to realize its multiple function.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the suction of the parts in addition handle of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of parts suction tube in addition of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the adjustable threeway of parts in addition of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10 are multi-functional accessory part figure in addition.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described in further detail:
Among Fig. 1, there is plug joint 1 front portion of piston rod 2, and there is handle 5 at the rear portion, and there is oval suction tube suction handle conduit front portion in conjunction with hole clipping 3, is complementary in order to the isostructural suction tube of homophase rear portion opening end crimping.There is guide groove 6 suction handle conduit both sides, and root has negative pressure latch-up structure 7, and the negative pressure latch-up structure is the conduit root, and two symmetric little bayonet sockets are arranged, and when moving this position to, rotate gently to make and shake hands to be stuck on the bayonet socket, can pin negative pressure.There is suction handle holder 8 at the rear portion, on the forward nipple of suction tube, is set with adjustable threeway, adorns one flat mouthful of pleura paracentesis trocar 20 on the threeway nipple of adjustable threeway, and the spy is equipped with a depth of needle holder 21 on the needle body.14 is the turning handle of piston body of " T " passage of adjustable threeway inside, and the side mouth is a leakage fluid dram, on overlap discharging tube 17.
Among Fig. 2, the suction handle is made up of piston rod 2 and suction handle conduit 4.There is plug joint 1 front portion of piston rod, there is handle 5 at the rear portion, there is oval suction tube suction handle conduit front portion in conjunction with hole clipping 3, there is guide groove 6 both sides, root has negative pressure latch-up structure 7 rear portions that suction handle holder 8 is arranged, and the piston rod handle forms the function that positive negative pressure is finished injection or drawn along the conduit two side guidances piston that drives in the suction tube that seesaws.
Among Fig. 3, the front portion of suction tube is a nipple 10, and there is volume scale 11 on the surface, and its rear portion opening end crimping is oval 12, be complementary in order to the suction tube hole clipping with the suction handle, the suction tube hole clipping inward turning of suction tube rear portion opening end crimping being inserted the suction handle turn 90 degrees and can be combined into one.If inhale cytolgical examination as pin, the Flos Mume shape cell tissue sieve plate 9 that to be placed with a diameter in anterior nipple 10 endoporus of this suction tube be 2.5mm, when operation, just can be with negative pressure to dial syringe needle, pin is inhaled thing not only can not enter suction tube, can not cause that cancerous cell needle track or subcutaneous coming off cause artificial growth because of removing negative pressure yet, also have the centralized collection pin to inhale the effect of thing simultaneously, help checking.
Among Fig. 4, three passages of adjustable threeway are anterior can be equipped with functional accessory of the present invention (special syringe needle, glue are moulded pipe) for threeway nipple 13, finishes suction and treatment function.The side mouth is a leakage fluid dram 16, can mould system discharging tube 17 by 800mm, can change discharging tube in case of necessity and be pipette saline or medicine inspiration suction tube is re-introduced into vomica or body cavity washes treatment or local application, the rear portion of threeway is a threeway seat 18, can directly be contained on the nipple of suction tube and extractor fuses.There is the piston body 15 with "T"-shaped passage adjustable threeway inside, and its portion of exposing connects a turning handle 14, and spacing rotation in 90 degree can arbitrarily be connected or close the relevant passage of threeway and be aspirated and discharge opeing.
Fig. 5, Fig. 6 are the sebific duct functional accessory, and common characteristic is that the function end of sebific duct has sieve aperture, can be contained on the adjustable threeway nipple of suction tube, is used with adjustable threeway.Fig. 5 is the esophagus of the long 1200mm of diameter 6mm, gastric cells collection or syringe pipe 24, and it is different from common stomach tube, only at end not sieve aperture is arranged.It can not only be used for the coloclysis gastric lavage, and the treatment local patholoic change is rescued the pesticide intoxication patient, under the mating reaction of adjustable threeway, can draw sick cell and conduct a survey esophagus, stomach, intestinal tube segmentation, also can draw cell to a certain diseased region repeated multiple times and conduct a survey.Fig. 6 is bladder, the vagina uterine cell collection/flushing sebific duct 25 of the long 350mm of diameter 5mm, and the sick cell that is mainly used to gather hollow organs such as urethra, bladder, vagina, uterus, trachea, lung conducts a survey and also above-mentioned hollow organ done topical drug's flushing treatment simultaneously.
Fig. 7 is the long hole week band swords of No. 9 50mm pins 19 of drawing materials, and makes the cell that histological examination also can be drawn to carcinoma than many cells and does histological examination with being drawn to as the puncture of body surface lump, improves the accuracy of diagnosis.
Among Fig. 8 No. 16 flat mouthful of long pleura paracentesis trocars 20 of 80mm, a depth of needle holder 21 is housed on the needle body, take out hydrothorax in order to wear as breast, pin is transferred to nook closing member after entering sap cavity immediately, and pin does not have the pin peak can not stab lung tissue for flat mouthful, depth of needle holder 21 guarantees that pin is not shifted at sap cavity, not only safety does not need clamp, human-saving yet.
Fig. 9 is the long circular band sword trocars 22 of No. 18 150mm, mainly is to wear or the corpse puncture usefulness of drawing materials as bone.No. 18 pin external diameters are 1.8mm, and the pin slightly amount of drawing materials is big, can pierce into and get enough pathological changes osseous tissues in the osseous tissue, satisfy pathological diagnosis usefulness, can replace the rapid section diagnosis in the bone surgery, and anxiety unnecessary in avoiding performing the operation is with busy.
Figure 10 is No. 12 long circular band sword trocars 23 of 180mm, needle body can be added on the Ultrasonic-B probe than length, to the deep internal organs tumor examination usefulness of drawing materials, also draw materials effective because of pin hole paripheral zone sword, can draw materials accurately and reliably under the B ultrasonic guiding again, this diagnosing tumor at the deep internal organs plays an important role.
The suction handle can close the casting of full aluminum or plastics by high strength and be pressed into shape and make.Threeway and suction tube are pressed into the shape manufacturing and encapsulate sterilization 100,000 grades of cleaning shop castings with medical non-toxic plastic does disposable use.
Multi-function suction device for medical use, when inhaling cytolgical examination as pin, because of on its piston rod handle being housed, be convenient to list and take out negative pressure flexibly with the right hand, left hand is lump and control inserting needle position, the degree of depth and direction fixedly, cell and the tissue of getting pathological changes accurately and reliably conduct a survey, special when being used for child, after pin enters tuberosity, available left hand is tuberosity and syringe needle fixedly, the right hand is along with child's position moves and moves, and pin can aspirate by one hand immediately once entering pathological tissues, often also can get pathological tissues exactly to the big lesser tubercle of Semen phaseoli radiati.
The inspection that is used for gynecological, anorectal section and the department of stomatology is drawn materials, but left hand is held specula, right hand one-handed performance extractor of the present invention.Draw cell to patient without any damage, draw tissue, have only needle point big to patient trauma, simply press petechia a few minutes also just much of that, as safe as a house with cotton balls.The piece of tissue of drawing with the special pin hole paripheral zone sword pin of extractor is bigger, and crimp is little, and check result accurately and reliably.Use multi-function suction device for medical use, draw cell and tissue, the effect of centralized collection cell tissue is arranged and stop that cell tissue do not spray in suction tube because of in the suction tube nipple front end endoporus cell tissue sieve plate being arranged.So when pin is drawn material, can be with negative pressure to pull out syringe needle, avoid pin to inhale cancerous cell and caused artificial growth at needle track or subcutaneous coming off.Its conduit root of multi-function suction device for medical use has the negative pressure latch-up structure, when handle is moved this position to, rotates gently, and handle is stuck on the bayonet socket, and negative pressure has just been pinned, and this structure is known from experience living pin sense of great use to doctor's inserting needle to carcinoma tissue back.The not only hard but also crisp pin sense of malignant tumor tissue is special, and experienced doctor can tentatively determine tumor character with this pin is sympathetic.
When multi-function suction device for medical use is used to aspirate in ascites pleural fluid, cyst, abscess and the body hydrops,,, very laborsaving with the grip of finger, singlehanded drawing liquid and discharge opeing because of piston rod has handle.Need not pull up syringe when being connected to adjustable threeway drawing liquid and discharge opeing,,, can take out, can arrange, but a people economizes the people and saves time with regard to complete operation as long as rotate three-way cock handle down without pliers folder flexible pipe because of the suction tube nipple.Because of special pleura puncture needle is flat muzzle pin, nook closing member is arranged during inserting needle, there is cutting edge of a knife or a sword the trocar front portion, but the break-through thoracic wall enters intrathoracic sap cavity, in case enter sap cavity, extracts nook closing member, and flat lancet cover needleless cutting edge of a knife or a sword can not damage lungs again.Moreover the depth of needle holder is arranged on the needle body, needle tubing degree of depth in sap cavity is constant, does not only need clamp to economize the people, and as safe as a house.
Because of the esophageal-gastric cell collection of multi-function suction device for medical use or syringe pipe only have sieve aperture at end not, tube body can effectively not gathered sick cell after having the hole can guarantee not hold sieve aperture to contact pathological tissues, and it is also unaffected to be used for the coloclysis gastric lavage.Same reason, the bladder vagina, cell collection or syringe pipe, special role also is like this.
Function of the present invention is many, purposes is wide, cost is low, market is big, laborsaving, economize the people, save time and safety.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of multi-function suction device for medical use, comprise suction handle, suction tube, it is characterized in that: the suction handle is made up of piston rod (2) and suction handle conduit (4), and there is plug joint (1) front portion of piston rod, there is handle (5) at the rear portion, and it is vertical with the handle both wings that the piston rod of handle connects crossbeam; Suction handle conduit front portion has suction tube to have in conjunction with hole clipping (3), both sides can to make handle (5) that negative pressure latch-up structure (7) is arranged at this guide groove that moves up and down (6), rear portion and aspirate handle holder (8); Suction tube rear portion worn-out mouthful of end crimping for and the structure (12) that is complementary in conjunction with hole clipping (3) of the suction tube of suction handle; Is furnished with multi-functional accessory on the nipple of suction tube.
2,, it is characterized in that the suction tube of said suction handle is an ellipsoidal structure in conjunction with the opening end crimping that hole clipping (3) reaches the suction tube rear portion that is complementary with it as the said extractor of claim 1.
3,, it is characterized in that said multi-functional accessory can be the special syringe needle of drawing materials as the said extractor of claim 1; Be the hole week band sword body surface lump pin (19) of drawing materials; Or as bone is worn or corpse puncture is drawn materials circular band sword trocar (22), be added in and make internal tumor inspection the draw materials circular band sword trocar (23) of usefulness in deep on the Ultrasonic-B probe.
4,, it is characterized in that placing in the said suction tube nipple front end endoporus Flos Mume shape cell tissue sieve plate (9) as claim 1 or 3 said extractors.
5, as the said extractor of claim 1, it is characterized in that said multi-functional accessory is an adjustable threeway, the front portion of adjustable threeway is nipple (13), the side mouth is leakage fluid dram (16), leakage fluid dram (16) is gone up dress discharging tube (17), the piston body (15) that band T type passage is arranged in the adjustable threeway, have on the piston body (15) can spacing rotation 90 ° to connect or to close the turning handle (14) of three circulation passage.
6,, it is characterized in that to adorn on the adjustable threeway nipple of said suction tube the flat mouthful of pleura paracentesis trocar (20) that a depth of needle holder (21) is arranged on the needle body as the said extractor of claim 5.
7,, but it is characterized in that the adjustable threeway nipple of said suction tube connection function end has the esophageal-gastric cell collection or the flushing sebific duct (24) of sieve aperture as the said extractor of claim 5.
8,, but it is characterized in that connection function end on the adjustable threeway nipple of said suction tube has the cell collection and the bladder vaginal irrigating tube (25) of sieve aperture as the said extractor of claim 5.
CN 96119633 1996-09-11 1996-09-11 Multi-function suction device for medical use Expired - Fee Related CN1094749C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96119633 CN1094749C (en) 1996-09-11 1996-09-11 Multi-function suction device for medical use

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96119633 CN1094749C (en) 1996-09-11 1996-09-11 Multi-function suction device for medical use

Publications (2)

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CN1174694A CN1174694A (en) 1998-03-04
CN1094749C true CN1094749C (en) 2002-11-27

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8764680B2 (en) * 2010-11-01 2014-07-01 Devicor Medical Products, Inc. Handheld biopsy device with needle firing
CN102178987A (en) * 2011-05-25 2011-09-14 杨桑 Continuous negative pressure rinser
CN104548225A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-04-29 上海市肺科医院 Percutaneous aspiration lung continuous negative pressure aspiration pipe
CN105561421B (en) * 2015-12-22 2020-01-31 河南诺沃组织工程有限公司 rat heart brain perfusion injection needle

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