CN109470355A - Tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109470355A
CN109470355A CN201811321899.1A CN201811321899A CN109470355A CN 109470355 A CN109470355 A CN 109470355A CN 201811321899 A CN201811321899 A CN 201811321899A CN 109470355 A CN109470355 A CN 109470355A
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China
Prior art keywords
signal
air
tunnel
illumination
illuminance
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Pending
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CN201811321899.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王火明
张东长
熊朝波
徐周聪
伍杰
陈飞
徐霈
辛顺超
王全磊
李聪
龙丽琴
杨有权
戴天彤
郭妮
方兴
冯望
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China Merchants Bureau Highway Information Technology (chongqing) Co Ltd
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China Merchants Bureau Highway Information Technology (chongqing) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811321899.1A priority Critical patent/CN109470355A/en
Publication of CN109470355A publication Critical patent/CN109470355A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01JMEASUREMENT OF INTENSITY, VELOCITY, SPECTRAL CONTENT, POLARISATION, PHASE OR PULSE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFRA-RED, VISIBLE OR ULTRA-VIOLET LIGHT; COLORIMETRY; RADIATION PYROMETRY
    • G01J1/00Photometry, e.g. photographic exposure meter
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0004Gaseous mixtures, e.g. polluted air

Abstract

The present invention provides tunnel environment monitoring methods, device and electronic equipment, it is related to road traffic technical field, wherein, tunnel environment monitoring method is applied to central processing unit, this method comprises: central processing unit receives the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, here illuminance signal is that the illumination photometer light illuminated to the ground in tunnel is acquired and converts, receive the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, here air mass signal is that air tester is acquired and converts to the air quality in tunnel, illuminance signal is compared with normal luminance signal, obtain differences of illumination intensities signal, and air mass signal is compared with normal air quality signal, obtain air difference signal, to generate brightness regulated signal according to differences of illumination intensities signal, air conditioning signal is generated according to air difference signal, to control tunnel The operation conditions of interior headlamp and blower controls the unlatching quantity and speed of headlamp and blower, to be effectively saved electric energy.

Description

Tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to road traffic technical field more particularly to tunnel environment monitoring methods, device and electronic equipment.
Background technique
Tunnel is a kind of engineering works being embedded in stratum, and with the development of transportation, people are more and more Using tunnel as the road for vehicle driving.The structure in common tunnel includes main building object and auxiliary device two parts. Main building object is made of barrel and portal, and auxiliary device includes refuge chamber, fire fighting device, emergency communication and guarded drainage facility, In addition, there are also special ventilation and lighting apparatus for major long tunnel.
With the development of China's expressway construction, Highway Construction in Mountainous Area by topography and geomorphology due to being limited, or even is gone out Super long tunnel is showed.It is always hot and difficult issue concerned by people, especially for the operation security and health problem of major long tunnel It is that the annual illumination in China tunnel and the consumed electricity charge of divulging information are as high as hundred billion yuan, how in the base for ensureing tunnel traffic safety Effectively save tunnel electricity consumption is a problem on plinth.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the embodiment of the present invention has been designed to provide tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipment, By setting illumination photometer, air tester and central processing unit etc., the operation shape to headlamp and blower in tunnel is strengthened The control of condition, and then it is effectively saved the consumption of electric energy.
In a first aspect, the method is applied to central processing unit the embodiment of the invention provides tunnel environment monitoring method, Include:
Receive the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, wherein the illuminance signal is the illumination photometer to the ground in tunnel Illuminated light is acquired and converts;
Receive the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, wherein the air mass signal is the air test What instrument was acquired and converted to the air quality in tunnel;
The illuminance signal is compared with normal luminance signal, obtains differences of illumination intensities signal, and, by the air matter Amount signal is compared with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference signal;
Brightness regulated signal is generated according to the differences of illumination intensities signal, and, air is generated according to the air difference signal Adjustment signal, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the first possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute The step of stating the illuminance signal for receiving illumination photometer acquisition, comprising:
If necessary to acquire the light conditions in tunnel, Xiang Suoshu illumination photometer sends the first enabling signal;
The illumination photometer acquires the illuminated light data in the ground in tunnel after receiving first enabling signal;
The light data are converted the illuminance signal by the illumination photometer, wherein the illumination photometer includes at least two A, the inlet in tunnel is arranged in an illumination photometer, and the exit in tunnel is arranged in another illumination photometer.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides second of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute The step of stating the air mass signal for receiving the acquisition of air tester, comprising:
If necessary to acquire the air quality situation in tunnel, Xiang Suoshu air tester sends the second enabling signal;
The air tester acquires the air in tunnel after receiving second enabling signal;
The air tester will collect the air and be converted into the air mass signal, wherein the air is surveyed It tries instrument and includes at least two, the inlet in tunnel is arranged in an air tester, another described air tester is set It sets in the exit in tunnel.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the third possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute It states and the illuminance signal is compared with normal luminance signal, obtain differences of illumination intensities signal, and, by the air mass signal The step of being compared with normal air quality signal, obtaining air difference signal, comprising:
In the first prefixed time interval, obtained multiple illuminance signals are successively overlapped, it is total to obtain illumination Value;
Seek illumination average value of the illumination total value in first prefixed time interval;
Compare the size between the illumination average value and normal luminance signal, obtains the differences of illumination intensities signal;
In the second prefixed time interval, obtained multiple air mass signals are successively overlapped, sky is obtained Makings amount total value;
Seek air quality average value of the air quality total value in second prefixed time interval;
Compare the size between the air quality average value and normal air quality signal, obtains the air difference letter Number.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 4th kind of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute It states and brightness regulated signal is generated according to the differences of illumination intensities signal, and, air conditioning letter is generated according to the air difference signal Number, the step of operation conditions to control headlamp and blower in tunnel, comprising:
Brightness regulated signal is generated according to the size of the differences of illumination intensities signal;
The headlamp is controlled to be lighted according to the corresponding quantity of the brightness regulated signal and brightness;
Air conditioning signal is generated according to the size of the air difference signal;
The blower is controlled to be operated according to the corresponding quantity of the air conditioning signal and revolving speed.
With reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 5th kind of possible embodiments of first aspect, wherein institute State method further include:
Receive the wagon flow signal of traffic flow detector acquisition, wherein the wagon flow signal is that the traffic flow detector exists The vehicle number in tunnel acquired in unit time;
The wagon flow signal is compared with standard wagon flow signal, obtains wagon flow difference signal;
In conjunction with the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in wagon flow difference signal adjustment tunnel.
The 5th kind of possible embodiment with reference to first aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides the 6th kind of first aspect Possible embodiment, wherein the method also includes:
The illuminance signal, the air mass signal and the wagon flow signal are sent to display screen, to show in real time Show the illuminance signal, the air mass signal and the wagon flow signal in tunnel, wherein the display screen is arranged in tunnel The entrance in road or exit.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the invention provides tunnel environment monitoring device, described device is applied to central processing unit, Include:
Illumination receiving module, for receiving the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, wherein the illuminance signal is the illumination Count the result that the light illuminated to the ground in tunnel is acquired and converts;
Air quality receiving module, for receiving the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, wherein the air matter Amount signal is the result that the air tester is acquired and converts to the air quality in tunnel;
Comparison module obtains differences of illumination intensities signal for the illuminance signal to be compared with normal luminance signal, And the air mass signal is compared with normal air quality signal, obtain air difference signal;
Control module, for generating brightness regulated signal according to the differences of illumination intensities signal, and, according to the air difference Signal generates air conditioning signal, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel.
5th aspect, the embodiment of the present invention also provide a kind of electronic equipment, comprising: processor, memory and bus, it is described Memory is stored with the executable machine readable instructions of the processor, passes through bus between the processor and the memory Communication, the machine readable instructions execute method described in any of the above embodiments when being executed by the processor.
6th aspect, the embodiment of the present invention also provide a kind of computer readable storage medium, computer readable storage medium On be stored with computer program, when computer program is run by processor execute any of the above-described the method the step of.
Tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipment provided in an embodiment of the present invention, wherein tunnel environment monitoring Method is applied to central processing unit, which specifically includes: firstly, central processing unit receives illumination photometer acquisition Illuminance signal, it should be noted that illuminance signal is that the illumination photometer light illuminated to the ground in tunnel is acquired simultaneously Conversion, the light radiation situation of tunnel intraoral illumination lamp can be intuitively reflected by the numerical values recited of illuminance signal, then, in Central processor receives the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, it should be noted that air mass signal is air test What instrument was acquired and converted to the air quality in tunnel, can intuitively it be reflected by the numerical values recited of air mass signal The operating condition of tunnel inner blower obtains illumination secondly, illuminance signal is compared central processing unit with normal luminance signal Difference signal, also, air mass signal is compared central processing unit with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference Signal, obtaining for above-mentioned differences of illumination intensities signal effectively reflect actual light radiation situation and current desired ideal in tunnel Light radiation situation between difference, similarly, obtaining for above-mentioned air difference signal effectively reflects actual wind in tunnel Difference between the operating condition of blower corresponding to the operating condition of machine and current desired desired air quality, later, in Central processor generates brightness regulated signal according to above-mentioned differences of illumination intensities signal, also, generates air tune according to air difference signal Signal is saved, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel, i.e., central processing unit is according to the big of brightness regulated signal It is small come control tunnel intraoral illumination lamp unlatching quantity and light brightness, wind in tunnel is controlled according to the size of air conditioning signal The unlatching quantity and running speed of machine, by above-mentioned processing can in tunnel light and air quality meet requirement In the case of, the power consumption of headlamp and blower etc. is effectively reduced.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will illustrate in the following description, also, partly become from specification It obtains it is clear that understand through the implementation of the invention.The objectives and other advantages of the invention are in specification, claims And specifically noted structure is achieved and obtained in attached drawing.
To enable the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention to be clearer and more comprehensible, preferred embodiment is cited below particularly, and cooperate Appended attached drawing, is described in detail below.
Detailed description of the invention
It, below will be to specific in order to illustrate more clearly of the specific embodiment of the invention or technical solution in the prior art Embodiment or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art be briefly described, it should be apparent that, it is described below Attached drawing is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not making the creative labor It puts, is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 shows the flow chart of tunnel environment monitoring method provided by the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 shows the connection block diagrams of tunnel environment monitoring device provided by the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 3 shows the structural schematic diagram of a kind of electronic equipment provided by the embodiment of the present application three.
Icon: 10- illumination receiving module;20- air quality receiving module;30- comparison module;40- control module;50- Electronic equipment;51- processor;52- memory;53- bus.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Ground description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Usually exist The component of the embodiment of the present invention described and illustrated in attached drawing can be arranged and be designed with a variety of different configurations herein.Cause This, is not intended to limit claimed invention to the detailed description of the embodiment of the present invention provided in the accompanying drawings below Range, but it is merely representative of selected embodiment of the invention.Based on the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not doing Every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work out, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Currently, expressway construction sharply develops, but Highway Construction in Mountainous Area by topography and geomorphology due to being limited to high speed The laying of highway causes obstacle, when road is by needing to construct continuity of the tunnel to ensure road when mountain area.And the fortune in tunnel Safety and health problem is sought, is always hot and difficult issue concerned by people, the especially annual illumination in China tunnel and ventilation institute The electricity charge of consumption are as high as hundred billion yuan, how on the basis of ensureing tunnel traffic safety effectively save tunnel electricity consumption is a difficulty Topic.
Based on this, the embodiment of the invention provides tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipments, below by implementation Example is described.
Embodiment one
Referring to the tunnel environment monitoring method that Fig. 1, the present embodiment are proposed, method is applied to central processing unit, comprising:
Step S101: the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition is received, it should be noted that illuminance signal is illumination photometer to tunnel Interior ground illuminated light is acquired and converts.
Length and width due to different tunnels etc. is different, also, light conditions required for different tunnel are not yet Equally, thus, the light conditions in each tunnel are for the purpose of meeting the vehicle safe driving in tunnel.In general, outside daytime tunnel Light it is stronger, by tunnel portal and outlet project tunnel internal light it is more, in this case, inside and outside tunnel Light difference is smaller, and light required for vehicle travels in tunnel is less;Light outside night tunnel is weaker, is entered by tunnel The light that mouth and outlet project tunnel internal is less, and in this case, the light inside and outside tunnel differs greatly, and vehicle is in tunnel Light required for travelling in road is more.
In order to accurately measure the light conditions in tunnel, multiple illumination photometers can be installed in advance in tunnel, needed Bright, the specific installation site of the installation number of illumination photometer and each illumination photometer in tunnel according to circumstances can flexibly be set It is fixed.It should be noted that above-mentioned illumination photometer includes at least two, the inlet in tunnel is arranged in an illumination photometer, another photograph The exit in tunnel is arranged in degree meter.
In addition, for the ease of flexibly controlling each illumination photometer in tunnel, between each illumination photometer and central processing unit It is parallel connection, the open and close of each illumination photometer in this way can be concentrated by central processing unit and be controlled.
The realization of above-mentioned steps S101 specifically includes:
(1) if necessary to the light conditions in acquisition tunnel, the first enabling signal is sent to illumination photometer.
When tunnel is in use state, that is, vehicle is allowed when driving, to need corresponding headlamp in tunnel in tunnel It lights to provide illumination for passing vehicle.In the specific implementation process, central processing unit needs to acquire in tunnel detecting Light conditions after, for example, central processing unit detect headlamp open when, to illumination photometer send the first enabling signal;Work as photograph When the quantity of degree meter has multiple, when central processing unit detects that headlamp is opened, the first starting is sent simultaneously to multiple illumination photometers Signal.
(2) illumination photometer acquires the illuminated light data in the ground in tunnel after receiving the first enabling signal.
In implementation process, illumination photometer starts to acquire the light conditions in tunnel after receiving the first enabling signal.It needs It is noted that when receive the illumination of the first enabling signal in respect of it is multiple when, multiple illumination photometers are receiving the first starting letter The light conditions in acquisition tunnel are started simultaneously at after number, for this tunnel longer for length, can make the survey of light conditions It is more accurate to measure.
(3) light data are converted illuminance signal by illumination photometer.
In implementation process, light data are converted illuminance signal by illumination photometer.In order to make the light conditions of measurement as far as possible Precisely, it will usually continuously be measured using illumination photometer, in this case, illumination photometer can carry out the light data continuously measured Sampling, is converted into illuminance signal later.Alternatively, in order to get the light conditions in tunnel within the time short as far as possible, it is multiple Illumination photometer can convert illuminance signal for collected light data in synchronization, and multiple illuminance signals after conversion are same When be sent to central processing unit carry out subsequent processing.
Step S102: the air mass signal of air tester acquisition is received, it should be noted that air mass signal is What air tester was acquired and converted to the air quality in tunnel.
Likewise, since the length and width in different tunnels etc. is different, also, air matter required for different tunnels It is also different to measure situation, thus, the air quality situation in each tunnel is for the purpose of meeting the vehicle safe driving in tunnel.It is logical Often, when the air quality outside tunnel is preferable, the air quality for projecting tunnel internal by tunnel portal and outlet is preferable, at this In the case of kind, the air quality difference inside and outside tunnel is smaller, and air required for vehicle travels in tunnel is less;Outside tunnel When air quality is poor, the air quality for projecting tunnel internal by tunnel portal and outlet is poor, in this case, vehicle Air required for travelling in tunnel is more.
In order to accurately measure the air quality situation in tunnel, multiple air tests can be installed in advance in tunnel Instrument, it should be noted that the specific installation site of the installation number of air tester and each air tester in tunnel can According to circumstances flexibly set.It should be noted that above-mentioned air tester includes at least two, an air tester is set It sets in the inlet in tunnel, the exit in tunnel is arranged in another air tester.
In addition, for the ease of flexibly controlling each air tester in tunnel, each air tester and centre Reason device between be parallel connection, in this way the open and close of each air tester can be concentrated by central processing unit into Row control.
The realization of above-mentioned steps S102 specifically includes:
(1) if necessary to the air quality situation in acquisition tunnel, the second enabling signal is sent to air tester.
When tunnel is in use state, i.e., permission vehicle in tunnel when driving, need in tunnel corresponding blower into Row operating, which to provide for passing vehicle (and driver and conductor), shines good air.In the specific implementation process, central processing Device is after detecting the air quality situation for needing to acquire in tunnel, for example, central processing unit has detected that vehicle drives into tunnel When, the second enabling signal is sent to air tester;When the quantity of air tester has multiple, central processing unit is to multiple skies Gas tester sends the second enabling signal simultaneously.
(2) air tester acquires the air in tunnel after receiving the second enabling signal.
Air tester can to atmosphere pollution (for example, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, pellet PM10) into Row effectively monitoring, and Air Quality is characterized by monitoring result.It should be noted that above-mentioned monitoring result can also carry out Numeralization display, to facilitate central processing unit to carry out subsequent processing.
In implementation process, air tester starts to acquire the air quality in tunnel after receiving the second enabling signal Situation.It should be noted that when receive the illumination of the second enabling signal in respect of it is multiple when, multiple air testers are receiving The air quality situation started simultaneously in acquisition tunnel after first enabling signal can for this tunnel longer for length Keep the measurement of air quality situation more accurate.
(3) air tester will collect air and be converted into air mass signal.
In implementation process, air tester can convert air mass signal for collected air.In order to make to survey The air quality situation of amount is accurate as far as possible, it will usually it is continuously measured using air tester, in this case, air test Instrument can sample the air continuously measured, be converted into air mass signal later.Alternatively, in order within the time short as far as possible The air quality situation in tunnel is got, multiple air testers can convert air for collected air in synchronization Quality signal, and multiple air mass signals after conversion are sent to central processing unit simultaneously and carry out subsequent processing.
Step S103: illuminance signal is compared with normal luminance signal, obtains differences of illumination intensities signal, also, will be empty Gas quality signal is compared with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference signal.
It should be noted that central processing unit can carry out simultaneously it after receiving illuminance signal and air mass signal Row processing, most to analyze the light conditions and air quality situation in tunnel fastly;Central processing unit can also carry out successively it Serial process, analyzing light conditions in tunnel and on the basis of air quality situation, reduce central processing unit to the greatest extent Consumption.
The realization of above-mentioned steps S103 specifically includes:
(1) in the first prefixed time interval, obtained multiple illuminance signals is successively overlapped, it is total to obtain illumination Value.
It should be noted that the length of above-mentioned first prefixed time interval according to circumstances can flexibly be set.Centre Reason device is successively overlapped the multiple illuminance signals obtained in the period, obtains illumination total value.
(2) illumination average value of the illumination total value in the first prefixed time interval is sought.
Later, central processing unit calculates the illumination average value in the first prefixed time interval, i.e., with illumination total value divided by the One prefixed time interval, so as far as possible by the light conditions in the tunnel for seeking that central processing unit can be made to get of average value Accurately, individual extremely brought measurement errors of illuminance signal caused by certain disturbing factors are reduced.
(3) compare the size between illumination average value and normal luminance signal, obtain differences of illumination intensities signal.
Later, central processing unit compares the size between illumination average value and normal luminance signal, it should be noted that on State normal luminance signal be can light conditions in tunnel required for support vehicles normally travel, by illumination average value with Size between normal luminance signal compares to obtain differences of illumination intensities signal (for example, make difference or make quotient), can effectively measure tunnel The shortcoming situation of light in road.
(4) in the second prefixed time interval, obtained multiple air mass signals is successively overlapped, air is obtained Quality total value.
Likewise, it should be noted that the length of above-mentioned second prefixed time interval according to circumstances can flexibly be set. Central processing unit is successively overlapped the multiple air mass signals obtained in the period, obtains air quality total value.
(5) air quality average value of the air quality total value in the second prefixed time interval is sought.
Later, central processing unit calculates the air quality average value in the second prefixed time interval, i.e., total with air quality Value passes through the air in the tunnel for seeking that central processing unit can be made to get of average value divided by the second prefixed time interval in this way Quality condition is accurate as far as possible, reduces the extremely brought measurement of individual air quality signal caused by certain disturbing factors and misses Difference.
(6) compare the size between air quality average value and normal air quality signal, obtain air difference signal.
Later, central processing unit compares the size between air quality average value and normal air quality signal, needs It is bright, above-mentioned standard air mass signal be can air supply in tunnel required for support vehicles normally travel, lead to The size crossed between air quality average value and normal air quality signal compare to obtain air difference signal (for example, make difference or Person makees quotient), it can effectively measure the shortcoming situation of air quality in tunnel.
Step S104: brightness regulated signal is generated according to differences of illumination intensities signal, also, sky is generated according to air difference signal Gas adjustment signal, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel.
It should be noted that above-mentioned headlamp and blower are connected with central processing unit signal.In implementation process, it will usually The corresponding relationship of different size of brightness regulated signal and lighting brightness is stored in central processing unit in advance, and, air The corresponding relationship of the revolving speed of adjustment signal and blower.In this way, when central processing unit can be direct after receiving brightness regulated signal Lighting brightness corresponding with corresponding relationship is searched, and sends control signal to headlamp accordingly;When central processing unit is connecing The revolving speed of blower corresponding with corresponding relationship can be directly searched after receiving air conditioning signal, and sends control to blower accordingly Signal.
The realization of above-mentioned steps S104 specifically includes:
(1) brightness regulated signal is generated according to the size of differences of illumination intensities signal.
I.e. central processing unit generates brightness regulated signal according to the size of the differences of illumination intensities signal received, needs to illustrate , the specific grade (i.e. headlamp corresponding to the brightness regulated signal light situation) of above-mentioned brightness regulated signal can root It is specifically set according to actual conditions.
(2) control headlamp is lighted according to the corresponding quantity of brightness regulated signal and brightness.
For effectively save electric energy, what central processing unit can control tunnel intraoral illumination lamp accordingly lights quantity.It is specific real Shi Shi, central processing unit can control headlamp and be lighted according to the corresponding quantity of brightness regulated signal, also, lighted The brightness of headlamp can also be adjusted according to the brightness regulated signal that central processing unit issues.
(3) air conditioning signal is generated according to the size of air difference signal.
Likewise, central processing unit generates air conditioning signal according to the size of the air difference signal received, need It is noted that the specific grade (i.e. the speed conditions of blower corresponding to the air conditioning signal) of above-mentioned air conditioning signal It can specifically be set according to the actual situation.
(4) control blower is operated according to the corresponding quantity of air conditioning signal and revolving speed.
For effectively save electric energy, central processing unit can control the unlatching quantity of tunnel inner blower accordingly, that is, work as tunnel The unlatching quantity for reducing blower when interior air quality is preferable accordingly, accordingly increases when the air quality in tunnel is poor The unlatching quantity of blower.When it is implemented, central processing unit can control headlamp according to the corresponding quantity of air conditioning signal Carry out blower unlatching, also, the revolving speed for the blower having turned on can also according to central processing unit issue air conditioning signal into Row is adjusted.
Since required light conditions and air quality situation all cease manner of breathing with the driving condition of vehicle in tunnel in tunnel It closes, therefore, the tunnel environment monitoring method further include:
(1) central processing unit receives the wagon flow signal of traffic flow detector acquisition, it should be noted that wagon flow signal is vehicle The vehicle number in tunnel that flow detector acquires within the unit time.Traffic flow detector usually has at least two, and one sets It sets in the inlet in tunnel, one is arranged in the exit in tunnel, to measure the vehicle for entering and exiting tunnel respectively.
(2) wagon flow signal is compared with standard wagon flow signal, obtains wagon flow difference signal.On it should be noted that Stating standard wagon flow signal is usually permitted standard vehicle flowrate under tunnel current light and air regime.Central processing unit will Wagon flow signal is compared with standard wagon flow signal, obtains wagon flow difference signal.
(3) operation conditions of the headlamp and blower in wagon flow difference signal adjustment tunnel is combined.
It is lighted in central processing unit control headlamp according to the corresponding quantity of brightness regulated signal and brightness, Yi Jizhong On the basis of central processor control blower is operated according to the corresponding quantity of air conditioning signal and revolving speed, central processing unit is also Above-mentioned wagon flow difference signal can be received, that is, integrates traffic state to continue the operation conditions of adjustment headlamp and blower.It needs Bright, when wagon flow signal is greater than standard wagon flow signal, tunnel " overload " needs accordingly to open more headlamps and wind Machine;When wagon flow signal is less than standard wagon flow signal, vehicle flowrate is insufficient in tunnel, needs accordingly to turn off more headlamps and wind Machine, to further save electric energy.
In addition, for the light and air conditions that make related management personnel be convenient for checking in tunnel, tunnel environment monitoring Method further include:
Illuminance signal, air mass signal and wagon flow signal are sent to display screen by central processing unit, with real-time display Illuminance signal, air mass signal and wagon flow signal in tunnel, it should be noted that display screen be arranged in tunnel entrance or Person exit, in implementation process, if tunnel is too long, can also in the multiple display screens of middle position subsection setup in tunnel, For showing above-mentioned illuminance signal, air mass signal and wagon flow signal etc..
In conclusion tunnel environment monitoring method provided in this embodiment includes: firstly, central processing unit receives illumination photometer The illuminance signal of acquisition, it should be noted that illuminance signal is that the illumination photometer light illuminated to the ground in tunnel is adopted Collect and convert, then, central processing unit receives the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, it should be noted that air Quality signal is that air tester is acquired and converts to the air quality in tunnel, secondly, by illuminance signal and standard Illuminance signal is compared, and obtains differences of illumination intensities signal, also, air mass signal and normal air quality signal are compared It is right, obtain air difference signal, later, central processing unit according to differences of illumination intensities signal generate brightness regulated signal, also, according to Air difference signal generates air conditioning signal, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel, i.e., by centre Device is managed to realize to the unlatching quantity of headlamp and blower and the adjusting of opening degree, to save in the case where meeting vehicle application The consumption of electric energy.
Embodiment two
Referring to fig. 2, tunnel environment monitoring device is present embodiments provided, which is applied to central processing unit, comprising:
Illumination receiving module 10, for receiving the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, wherein illuminance signal is illumination photometer to tunnel The result that the illuminated light in ground in road is acquired and converts;
Air quality receiving module 20, for receiving the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, wherein air quality Signal is the result that air tester is acquired and converts to the air quality in tunnel;
Comparison module 30 obtains differences of illumination intensities signal for illuminance signal to be compared with normal luminance signal, and, Air mass signal is compared with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference signal;
Control module 40, for generating brightness regulated signal according to differences of illumination intensities signal, and, it is raw according to air difference signal At air conditioning signal, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel.
Tunnel environment monitoring device provided in an embodiment of the present invention, with tunnel environment monitoring method provided by the above embodiment Technical characteristic having the same reaches identical technical effect so also can solve identical technical problem.
Embodiment three
It is the structural schematic diagram of a kind of electronic equipment 50 provided by the embodiment of the present application three, comprising: processing referring to Fig. 3 Device 51, memory 52 and bus 53;
The memory is stored with the executable machine readable instructions of the processor 51 (for example, the tunnel environment in Fig. 1 Executed instruction corresponding to modules in monitoring method or Fig. 2 in tunnel environment monitoring device in modules institute it is right That answers executes instruction), it is logical by bus 53 between the processor 51 and the memory 52 when network side equipment operation Letter executes following processing when the machine readable instructions are executed by the processor 51:
Receive the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, wherein illuminance signal is that illumination photometer is illuminated to the ground in tunnel Light is acquired and converts;Receive the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, wherein air mass signal is air What tester was acquired and converted to the air quality in tunnel;Illuminance signal is compared with normal luminance signal, is obtained It is compared to differences of illumination intensities signal, also, by air mass signal with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference letter Number;Brightness regulated signal is generated according to differences of illumination intensities signal, also, air conditioning signal is generated according to air difference signal, with Control the operation conditions of the headlamp and blower in tunnel.
Further, it is also possible to execute such as other more processing processes in one-embodiment of embodiment two, details are not described herein.
Processor 51 may be a kind of IC chip, the processing capacity with signal.During realization, above-mentioned side Each step of method can be completed by the integrated logic circuit of the hardware in processor 51 or the instruction of software form.Above-mentioned Processor 51 can be general processor, including central processing unit (Central Processing Unit, abbreviation CPU), network Processor (Network Processor, abbreviation NP) etc.;It can also be digital signal processor (Digital Signal Processing, abbreviation DSP), specific integrated circuit (Application Specific Integrated Circuit, referred to as ASIC), field programmable gate array (Field-Programmable Gate Array, abbreviation FPGA) or other are programmable Logical device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components.It may be implemented or execute in the embodiment of the present application Disclosed each method, step and logic diagram.General processor can be microprocessor or the processor is also possible to appoint What conventional processor etc..The step of method in conjunction with disclosed in the embodiment of the present application, can be embodied directly in hardware decoding processing Device executes completion, or in decoding processor hardware and software module combination execute completion.Software module can be located at Machine memory, flash memory, read-only memory, programmable read only memory or electrically erasable programmable memory, register etc. are originally In the storage medium of field maturation.The storage medium is located at memory 52, and processor 51 reads the information in memory 52, in conjunction with Its hardware completes the step of above method.
Example IV
The embodiment of the present application four additionally provides a kind of computer readable storage medium, deposits on the computer readable storage medium Computer program is contained, which executes the step of method described in any of the above-described embodiment of the method when being run by processor Suddenly.
Specifically, which can be general storage medium, such as mobile disk, hard disk, on the storage medium Computer program when being run, above-mentioned tunnel environment monitoring method is able to carry out, to enable central processing unit according to bright The size of adjustment signal is spent to control the unlatching quantity of tunnel intraoral illumination lamp and light brightness, according to the size of air conditioning signal Control the unlatching quantity and running speed of tunnel inner blower, and then light in tunnel and air quality meet requirement In the case where, the power consumption of headlamp and blower etc. is effectively reduced.
The computer program product of tunnel environment monitoring method provided by the embodiment of the present application, including store program generation The computer readable storage medium of code, the instruction that program code includes can be used for executing the method in previous methods embodiment, have Body, which is realized, can be found in embodiment of the method, and details are not described herein.
It is apparent to those skilled in the art that for convenience and simplicity of description, the system of foregoing description It with the specific work process of device, can refer to corresponding processes in the foregoing method embodiment, details are not described herein.
It should be noted that all the embodiments in this specification are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment weight Point explanation is the difference from other embodiments, and the same or similar parts between the embodiments can be referred to each other. The skill of a kind of tunnel environment monitoring method, device provided by the embodiment of the present invention and electronic equipment, realization principle and generation Art effect is identical with preceding method embodiment, and to briefly describe, Installation practice part does not refer to place, can refer to preceding method Corresponding contents in embodiment.
In several embodiments provided herein, it should be understood that disclosed device and method can also pass through Other modes are realized.The apparatus embodiments described above are merely exemplary, for example, flow chart and block diagram in attached drawing Show the device of multiple embodiments according to the present invention, the architectural framework in the cards of method and computer program product, Function and operation.In this regard, each box in flowchart or block diagram can represent the one of a module, section or code Part, a part of the module, section or code, which includes that one or more is for implementing the specified logical function, to be held Row instruction.It should also be noted that function marked in the box can also be to be different from some implementations as replacement The sequence marked in attached drawing occurs.For example, two continuous boxes can actually be basically executed in parallel, they are sometimes It can execute in the opposite order, this depends on the function involved.It is also noted that every in block diagram and or flow chart The combination of box in a box and block diagram and or flow chart can use the dedicated base for executing defined function or movement It realizes, or can realize using a combination of dedicated hardware and computer instructions in the system of hardware.
In addition, each functional module or unit in each embodiment of the present invention can integrate one independence of formation together Part, be also possible to modules individualism, an independent portion can also be integrated to form with two or more modules Point.
It, can be with if the function is realized and when sold or used as an independent product in the form of software function module It is stored in a computer readable storage medium.Based on this understanding, technical solution of the present invention is substantially in other words The part of the part that contributes to existing technology or the technical solution can be embodied in the form of software products, the meter Calculation machine software product is stored in a storage medium, including some instructions are used so that a computer equipment (can be a People's computer, server or network equipment etc.) it performs all or part of the steps of the method described in the various embodiments of the present invention. And storage medium above-mentioned includes: that USB flash disk, mobile hard disk, read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), arbitrary access are deposited The various media that can store program code such as reservoir (RAM, Random Access Memory), magnetic or disk.
It should be noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence, indication or suggestion relative importance can not be interpreted as.Moreover, term " packet Include ", "comprising" or any other variant thereof is intended to cover non-exclusive inclusion so that including the mistake of a series of elements Journey, method, article or equipment not only include those elements, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, either It further include for elements inherent to such a process, method, article, or device.In the absence of more restrictions, by sentence The element that "including a ..." limits, it is not excluded that also deposit in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element In other identical element.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of tunnel environment monitoring method, which is characterized in that the method is applied to central processing unit, comprising:
Receive the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, wherein the illuminance signal is that the illumination photometer shines the ground in tunnel The light penetrated is acquired and converts;
Receive the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, wherein the air mass signal is the air tester pair Air quality in tunnel is acquired and converts;
The illuminance signal is compared with normal luminance signal, obtains differences of illumination intensities signal, and, the air quality is believed It number is compared with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference signal;
Brightness regulated signal is generated according to the differences of illumination intensities signal, and, air conditioning is generated according to the air difference signal Signal, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel.
2. tunnel environment monitoring method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the illumination for receiving illumination photometer acquisition The step of signal, comprising:
If necessary to acquire the light conditions in tunnel, Xiang Suoshu illumination photometer sends the first enabling signal;
The illumination photometer acquires the illuminated light data in the ground in tunnel after receiving first enabling signal;
The light data are converted the illuminance signal by the illumination photometer, wherein the illumination photometer is including at least two, one The inlet in tunnel is arranged in a illumination photometer, and the exit in tunnel is arranged in another illumination photometer.
3. tunnel environment monitoring method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to receive what air tester acquired The step of air mass signal, comprising:
If necessary to acquire the air quality situation in tunnel, Xiang Suoshu air tester sends the second enabling signal;
The air tester acquires the air in tunnel after receiving second enabling signal;
The air tester will collect the air and be converted into the air mass signal, wherein the air tester Including at least two, the inlet in tunnel is arranged in an air tester, another described air tester setting exists The exit in tunnel.
4. tunnel environment monitoring method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described by the illuminance signal and standard Illuminance signal is compared, and obtains differences of illumination intensities signal, and, the air mass signal and normal air quality signal are carried out The step of comparing, obtaining air difference signal, comprising:
In the first prefixed time interval, obtained multiple illuminance signals are successively overlapped, illumination total value is obtained;
Seek illumination average value of the illumination total value in first prefixed time interval;
Compare the size between the illumination average value and normal luminance signal, obtains the differences of illumination intensities signal;
In the second prefixed time interval, obtained multiple air mass signals are successively overlapped, air matter is obtained Measure total value;
Seek air quality average value of the air quality total value in second prefixed time interval;
Compare the size between the air quality average value and normal air quality signal, obtains the air difference signal.
5. tunnel environment monitoring method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described according to the differences of illumination intensities signal Brightness regulated signal is generated, and, air conditioning signal is generated according to the air difference signal, to control the headlamp in tunnel The step of with the operation conditions of blower, comprising:
Brightness regulated signal is generated according to the size of the differences of illumination intensities signal;
The headlamp is controlled to be lighted according to the corresponding quantity of the brightness regulated signal and brightness;
Air conditioning signal is generated according to the size of the air difference signal;
The blower is controlled to be operated according to the corresponding quantity of the air conditioning signal and revolving speed.
6. tunnel environment monitoring method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the method also includes:
Receive the wagon flow signal of traffic flow detector acquisition, wherein the wagon flow signal is the traffic flow detector in unit The vehicle number in tunnel acquired in time;
The wagon flow signal is compared with standard wagon flow signal, obtains wagon flow difference signal;
In conjunction with the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in wagon flow difference signal adjustment tunnel.
7. tunnel environment monitoring method according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the method also includes:
The illuminance signal, the air mass signal and the wagon flow signal are sent to display screen, with real-time display tunnel The illuminance signal, the air mass signal and the wagon flow signal in road, wherein tunnel is arranged in the display screen Entrance or exit.
8. a kind of tunnel environment monitoring device, which is characterized in that described device is applied to central processing unit, comprising:
Illumination receiving module, for receiving the illuminance signal of illumination photometer acquisition, wherein the illuminance signal is the illumination photometer pair The result that the illuminated light in ground in tunnel is acquired and converts;
Air quality receiving module, for receiving the air mass signal of air tester acquisition, wherein the air quality letter It number is the result that the air tester is acquired and converts to the air quality in tunnel;
Comparison module obtains differences of illumination intensities signal for the illuminance signal to be compared with normal luminance signal, and, it will The air mass signal is compared with normal air quality signal, obtains air difference signal;
Control module, for generating brightness regulated signal according to the differences of illumination intensities signal, and, according to the air difference signal Air conditioning signal is generated, to control the operation conditions of headlamp and blower in tunnel.
9. a kind of electronic equipment characterized by comprising processor, memory and bus, the memory are stored with the place The executable machine readable instructions of device are managed, it is described machine readable by bus communication between the processor and the memory The method as described in claim 1 to 7 is any is executed when instruction is executed by the processor.
10. a kind of computer readable storage medium, it is stored with computer program on computer readable storage medium, feature exists In when computer program is run by processor the step of any one of execution the claims 1 to 7 the method.
CN201811321899.1A 2018-11-07 2018-11-07 Tunnel environment monitoring method, device and electronic equipment Pending CN109470355A (en)

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