CN109461341A - A kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching - Google Patents

A kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109461341A
CN109461341A CN201811642738.2A CN201811642738A CN109461341A CN 109461341 A CN109461341 A CN 109461341A CN 201811642738 A CN201811642738 A CN 201811642738A CN 109461341 A CN109461341 A CN 109461341A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brake
emulation
training
control
cabinet
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CN201811642738.2A
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Inventor
谢成昆
张玲莉
陈春光
姜玉湘
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Zhuzhou Yixing Technology Co Ltd
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Zhuzhou Yixing Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811642738.2A priority Critical patent/CN109461341A/en
Publication of CN109461341A publication Critical patent/CN109461341A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B9/00Simulators for teaching or training purposes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/02Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of industrial processes; of machinery

Abstract

A kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching, the content of the test imparted knowledge to students according to brake routine training, it is combined using emulation with actual part, realizes the practice-training teaching of brake by analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console combination on the ground;Profiling brake execution unit and emulation brake disc are provided on analog simulation brake unit, the side of emulation brake disc is arranged in profiling brake execution unit, profiling brake execution unit is controlled by emulation brake cabinet, emulation brake cabinet is connected to control with emulation driver operation console again, and the practice-training teaching of brake unit is realized by analog simulation.The present invention is by way of analog simulation, analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console are combined into the brake experience system of an emulation on ground, it is intuitive with teaching, it is readily appreciated that, reach the truly feels of scene practical operation.

Description

A kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rolling stock component on-site training teaching training apparatus, refer in particular to a kind of iron Road locomotive and vehicle braking machine comprehensive training method, be mainly used for more rapid and better being promoted rolling stock driver and conductor, The breakdown judge of service personnel and processing capacity training are applicable in each Railway Bureau, rail yard check and correction in locomotive, motor-car, urban rail or ground Iron motivation professional skill training belongs to teaching, training method and teaching aid technical field.
Background technique:
With the all-round popularization of railway electrification, electric power rolling stock has obtained universal popularization in the whole country It uses, especially after our the domestic high-speed rail technological direction worlds, in the electric power rolling stock of electric railway Operation, maintenance and maintenance etc. are badly in need of training a large amount of talent, cultivate a large amount of qualified driver and conductors and service personnel compels The eyebrows and eyelashes.However, by investigation, at present for railway syntonic type electric power rolling stock crew emergency disposal and maintenance people The skills practice training of member, each Railway Bureau, universities and colleges, locomotive depot are general lack of the intuitive real training facility of system, equipment, completely still Training and Learning is carried out by traditional follow the bus or site examining and repairing, does not have training facilities, the equipment of systematic training means and modernization, The chance first trained in this way is very limited, when being only overhaul of the equipments could corresponding training and learning, be second in this way On-site training can only be that corresponding training and learning is carried out according to the live practical situation occurred, be unable to system comprehensively into Row training and learning, thus it is in urgent need to be improved to the breakdown judge and processing capacity of rolling stock crew, service personnel.
By patent retrieval do not find have with the patent literature report of same technique of the present invention, have certain relationship with the present invention Patent mainly have it is following:
1, Patent No. CN201510191287.5, entitled " simulation of rolling stock brake and Training Methodology " Patent of invention, which disclose a kind of simulation of rolling stock brake and Training Methodologies, it is intended to by existing real vehicle iron The control mode of road locomotive and vehicle complexity draws up movement similar with real vehicle brake and display by electronic die, reaches training The purpose of instruction student is included in all phenomena of the failure in simulation system, and student is made to learn and grasp normal operating conscientiously, therefore The analysis of barrier, judgement and processing method.Establish the management shelves that student learns archives and teaching process at random in learning process Case.
2, Patent No. CN201521068137.7, entitled " AC Drive internal combustion rolling stock training mould The patent of invention of quasi- steerable system ", which disclose a kind of AC Drive internal combustion rolling stock training simulations to grasp Vertical system, including it is console assembly (1), electrical control equipment (2), diesel engine analog machine (3), air damping equipment (4), auxiliary Power-supply device (5) and air ancillary equipment (6) are helped, console assembly (1) controls electrical control equipment (2) and air damping equipment (4), auxiliary power unit (5) is diesel engine analog machine (3) and air ancillary equipment (6) is powered, electrical control equipment (2) control Diesel engine analog machine (3) processed and air ancillary equipment (6);Using the equipment of original rolling stock, reduce out Hair expense, while more crew can be kept on the spot in person in training, overcome traditional mould close to true rolling stock The shortcomings that quasi- pilot instrument, makes rolling stock crew be not only able to contact vehicle major part actual part, carries out event Barrier processing is also true that component, improves the simulation validity of the driving simulator.
3, Patent No. CN201510627767.1, entitled " rolling stock and the training of orbit monitoring device simulation The patent of invention of exercising system ", which disclose a kind of rolling stock and orbit monitoring device simulation training systems, belong to In railway vocational education training field.The system is operated the training test modules that equipment forms by monitoring device analogue simulation training, solely Vertical training topic setup module, monitoring device analogue simulation training operate linking of devices railway forward box real scene video and play Module, monitoring device analogue simulation training operation linking of devices rail yard 3D electronic sand table synchronization control module composition.This is specially Benefit solves the problems, such as that current engineering system exists in terms of rolling stock monitoring device analogue simulation training, engineering people Member by the operation and practice to this system, can preferably learn, be familiar with reply practical operation in various operation techniques with Emergency situations.
4, Patent No. CN201320200031.2, entitled " simulation training is examined on rolling stock crew's vehicle Trial assembly is set " utility model patent, which disclose on a kind of rolling stock crew vehicle simulation training examination dress It sets, provides one kind and be connected on rolling stock train pipe and rolling stock crew can be braked Machine test, abnormal condition down train method and the training of LKJ device and examination connect teaching equipment that is simple, facilitating operation, packet Detection device, data processing equipment, executing agency and human-computer dialogue plate and ground signal device are included, crew can not hang When car team, by daily brake experiment or operation rolling stock braking system, when by air draft to train pipe Between, it is accurately judged to the state of angle cock and the pressure maintaining ability of train pipe, and railway can be carried out according to the simulation of ground signal Locomotive and vehicle operation operation improve rolling stock crew to the operation level and judgement of brake, improve The operational capability of the abnormal condition down train method of crew improves the operational capability of crew LKJ, meets railway locomotive system The demand that the rolling stock crew that unites trains
Although these above-mentioned patents are directed to some trainings in relation to rolling stock affairs, and entitled " railway Simulation training examination device on locomotive and vehicle crew's vehicle ", Patent No. CN201320200031.2, utility model patent are public The teaching equipment that a kind of utilization is connected on rolling stock train pipe has been opened, rolling stock crew has been carried out The teaching equipment of brake experiment, abnormal condition down train method and the training of LKJ device and examination, but by carefully analyzing, This equipment must carry out operation by actual rolling stock, and when simply by air draft to train pipe Between, it is accurately judged to the state of angle cock and the pressure maintaining ability of train pipe, and railway can be carried out according to the simulation of ground signal Locomotive and vehicle run training on operation, so using extremely limited, it is still not comprehensive about electric power rolling stock brake The Training Methodology and system of real training education are closed, therefore still needs further to be improved.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to be directed to the brake comprehensive training of existing rolling stock crew, service personnel The problems of, propose a kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching, this kind of railway locomotive And the practical training method of vehicle braking machine comprehensive training teaching cooperates other emulators, realizes that rolling stock brake is comprehensive Close training and teaching, scene can not be spent it is known that brake structure and working principle, it is interactive strong, improve student Interest, learn student no longer passively, but actively assist in practice, intensified learning effect.
In order to reach this purpose, the present invention provides a kind of realities of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching Method for training is combined with actual part using emulation, is arranged on the ground according to the content of the test that brake routine training is imparted knowledge to students Analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console, analog simulation brake unit are equipped with profiling system Dynamic execution unit, profiling brake execution unit are controlled by emulation brake cabinet, emulation brake cabinet again with emulation driver operation control Platform connection control processed completes braking by analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console combination Machine items damped condition operates and from seizure test, realizes the practice-training teaching training of analog simulation brake unit.
Further, it is respectively in analog simulation brake unit, emulation that the utilization emulation is combined with actual part Brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console combine to form simplified functional module with actual part using simulation component, then will Simplified functional module combines to form analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console, benefit The analog simulation brake unit that is combined with simulation component with actual part, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console into The various working condition tests of row brake.
Further, profiling brake execution unit and emulation brake disc are provided on the analog simulation brake unit, The side of emulation brake disc is arranged in profiling brake execution unit, and emulation brake disc is vertically disposed in a support base, It emulates and one hanger is set according to the position of rolling stock brake beside brake disc, the brake braking of profiling is held The position that units imitate on rolling stock is mounted on hanger, and the hanger is equipped with brake braking and executes Detail assembly panel, brake braking executive component mounting plate on brake is installed needed for emulation braking executive component, pass through Emulation braking executive component and emulation brake disc cooperation carry out the practice-training teaching training of various brake operations.
Further, the emulation brake disc and the practical brake disc on rolling stock are similar, have annulus The structure of shape is connected with brake disc mounting blocks in the lower part of annulus, and brake disc mounting blocks are strip flat blocks;The system The Simulation of Brake disk of Moving plate mounting blocks and circular ring shape links together, and brake disc mounting blocks are placed in support base, and by propping up Brake disc strip on support pedestal blocks, so that Simulation of Brake disk is erect perpendicular to the ground in support base.
Further, the structure that the emulation brake cabinet uses actual part to combine with profiling component, is controlled by PLC The electronically-controlled pneumatic brake control unit (BCU) of system substitution brake emulates and is equipped with the empty control unit EPCU of profiling electricity in brake cabinet, Profiling electricity sky control unit EPCU is connect with electric empty modulator (EPM) and brake monitor (big lock+small lock), and passes through RS485 It is connect with drivers' cab brake screen and receives the braking instruction that brake monitor issues.
Further, profiling electricity sky control unit EPCU is emulation module structure, and emulation module is unified to be installed On a profiling shell, it is provided with the function realization that gas circuit carries out modules in profiling shell, simulation master is controlled by PLC Pipe, equalizer line, train pipe and the pressure output for braking earthen pipe pass through each Simulation Control block combiner, under PLC control, mould The quasi- manipulation for realizing brake.
Further, the Simulation Control module includes:
(a) train pipe control module BPCP: the pressure of main control train pipe;
(b) it equalizing reservoir control module ERCP: when one's own job rolling stock state, is generated according to automatic braking handle position Equalizing reservoir pressure controls pressure to provide train pipe;
(c) 13 control modules (13CP): it is equivalent to the effect for operating small lock;
(d) 16 control modules (16CP): it is equivalent to the effect of the main valve of DK-1 brake distributing valve;
(e) 20 control modules (20CP): it is equivalent to double-heading valve.
Further, the emulation brake cabinet simulates vehicle condition signal using sensor and PLC, imitates integrated computer M- IPM control model, and assembled with integrated pipeline cabinet, by the empty control unit EPCU of the electricity of profiling, signal control cabinet X-IPM, relaying Interface module RIM and true stopping brake, sander, rising bow control module etc. are mounted in brake cabinet, facilitate operation and Maintenance;Emulation brake cabinet back side in pipeline cabinet integrated cabinet installs controllable gas circuit and substitutes actual engineer's brake valve, leads to It crosses controllable gas circuit and realizes train tube pressure control, the control of equalizing reservoir pressure, graduated release mode, primary alleviation mode and failure The Simulation Control of tupe.
Further, the graduated release mode includes that control just fills wind, fills wind, first service, service braking, disconnected hook again Pressure maintaining, rapid recovery, neutrality, emergency braking, total wind low-voltage variation after defencive function, alleviation, braking or alleviation;Described is primary Alleviation mode include control just fill wind, fill again wind, first service, service braking, disconnected hook defencive function, alleviate (alleviate after first service, Alleviate after service braking, start to alleviate), braking or alleviate after stability, neutral position, emergency braking, total wind low-voltage variation;Institute The troubleshooting mode stated includes alternate brake, conversion and starts alternate brake, coasting, first service, service braking, disconnected hook protection Function, alleviation, braking or pressure maintaining after alleviating promptly be isolateds with safety arrestment, neutral process, engineer's brake valve, multistage connection again, department The diagnosis of machine room pilot pressure information, rapid recovery, spare module.
Further, the emulation driver operation console shape is emulation city rail vehicle driver control console, emulation department Computer, large-screen lc touch display, programmable controller are controlled configured with High performance industrial on machine operating console (PLC), and the emulation board tendon and Artificial switch of simulating brake operation are provided and provide, there are also true brake monitor customs This is rolling stock original part to title size lock, it and brake screen communication send and instruct, and the height that cooperation is imparted knowledge to students The intelligent human-computer interaction module teaching software with hommization of degree;The High performance industrial controls computer, large screen liquid Brilliant touch display, programmable controller (PLC) belong to the upper structure of the teaching test stand, for the control to the next mechanism With display;The teaching software uses the visualization toolkit of object-oriented as main development platform, is aided with three-dimensional animation Production and PaintShop, have built up by each component three-dimensional stereo model of the brake highly emulated, animation, software management system The human-computer interaction module teaching software of height intelligence and the hommization of numerous part compositions such as system;Software is used for and natural pattern The cooperations such as type, projector come demonstrate brake composition, control principle and brake comprehensive function principle.
The present invention has the advantages that
By way of simulation, the various brake operatings of brake are carried out by simulating brake unit through the invention by the present invention It reproduces, has teaching intuitive, it is readily appreciated that, the truly feels of scene practical operation are reached, is drilled and is operated by analog simulation, Achievable brake items damped condition is operated and is imparted knowledge to students from the comprehensive training of seizure test, live to carry out simulation to student with this Training and teaching, have really degree high, can concentrate and reproduce various structural principles and movement, advantageously account for current scene Many problems in teaching;Mainly there are following some advantages:
1, it can will implement the modular construction and operating principle simulation reconstruction of brake on a simulation test stand, be convenient for student Fully understand the good overall view of brake, it is interactive strong, the interest of student is improved, learns student no longer passively, but Actively assist in practice, intensified learning effect;
2, by splitting the brake mock-up of formula design, it can intuitively see brake internal structure, be convenient for student couple Internal structure, mounting means of brake etc. have more deep understanding;
3, emulation simulation test stand is arranged in Classroom, convenient for carrying out the real training of brake indoors, not by the shadow of field condition It rings;
4, projection device and station are used cooperatively, and are mainly used for the principle and movement demonstration of each module of brake and valve.Projection Instrument by computer principle and animation project on curtain wall, give student one intuitive understanding.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is system structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is analog simulation brake unit structural schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the empty control unit EPCU component layout schematic diagram of electricity of analog simulation brake unit of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is present invention emulation brake cabinet structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is present invention emulation driver operation console structural schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
It is next in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments that the present invention is further explained.
Embodiment one
By attached drawing 1 as can be seen that the present invention relates to the real training sides that a kind of rolling stock brake comprehensive training is imparted knowledge to students Method is combined using emulation with actual part, setting simulation on the ground according to the content of the test that brake routine training is imparted knowledge to students It emulates brake unit 1, emulation brake cabinet 2 and emulation driver operation console 3, analog simulation brake unit 1 and is equipped with profiling system Dynamic execution unit 6, profiling brake execution unit 6 are controlled by emulation brake cabinet 2, and emulation brake cabinet 2 is again by emulation driver behaviour Make console 3 to be controlled, be combined by analog simulation brake unit 1, emulation brake cabinet 2 and emulation driver operation console 3 It completes the operation of brake items damped condition and from seizure test, realizes the practice-training teaching training of analog simulation brake unit.
Further, it is respectively in analog simulation brake unit 1, emulation that the utilization emulation is combined with actual part Brake cabinet 2 and emulation driver operation console 3 combine to form simplified functional module with actual part using simulation component, then Simplified functional module is combined to form into analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console, Analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and the emulation driver operation console combined using simulation component with actual part Carry out the various working condition tests of brake.
Further, profiling brake execution unit 6 and emulation brake disc are provided on the analog simulation brake unit 1 5(is as shown in attached drawing 2), the side of emulation brake disc 5 is arranged in profiling brake execution unit 6, and emulation brake disc 5 is vertically disposed in In one support base 7, one hanger 8 is set according to the position of rolling stock brake on 5 side of emulation brake disc, The profiling brake execution unit 6 of profiling is imitated the position on rolling stock to be mounted on hanger 8;The hanger 5, which are equipped with profiling, brakes executive component mounting plate 9, is equipped with needed for brake and imitates on profiling braking executive component mounting plate 9 Shape moves executive component 6, brakes executive component 6 by profiling and emulates the reality that the cooperation of brake disc 5 carries out various brake operations Training teaching training.
Further, the emulation brake disc 5 and the practical brake disc on rolling stock are similar, have annulus The structure of shape is connected with brake disc mounting blocks 11 in the lower part of annulus, and brake disc mounting blocks are strip flat blocks;Described The Simulation of Brake disk of brake disc mounting blocks and circular ring shape links together, and brake disc mounting blocks are placed in support base 7, and by Brake disc strip 12 in support base blocks, so that Simulation of Brake disk is erect perpendicular to the ground in support base.It is made in emulation The display 10 of reflection brake work operating condition, display 10 and emulation driver operation control are lifted with below the upper ring of Moving plate 5 The braking control system of platform 3 connects, and is reflected by display 10 and is carrying out retardation test and its correlated condition, to learn The intuitive operating condition for understanding braking of member.
Further, structure (such as attached drawing 3 that the emulation brake cabinet 2 is combined using actual part with profiling component It is shown), the electronically-controlled pneumatic brake control unit (BCU) of substitution brake is controlled by PLC, emulates in brake cabinet 2 and profiling system is installed Dynamic execution unit (EPCU) 13, profiling brake execution unit (EPCU) 13 and the empty modulator (EPM) of electricity and brake monitor (big lock + small lock) connection, and connect by RS485 the braking instruction of reception brake monitor sending with drivers' cab brake screen.
Further, the profiling brake execution unit (EPCU) 13 is emulation module structure (as shown in Fig. 4), Emulation module is uniformly mounted on a profiling shell 19, and gas circuit is provided in profiling shell 19 and carries out each Simulation Control module 17 connection, and simulation supervisor, equalizer line, train pipe and the pressure output for braking earthen pipe 18 are controlled by PLC;Pass through each emulation Control module 17 combines, and under PLC control, simulated implementation emulates the manipulation of brake.
Further, the Simulation Control module 17 includes:
(a) train pipe control module (BPCP) 20: the pressure of main control train pipe;
(b) equalizing reservoir control module (ERCP) 21: when one's own job rolling stock state, according to automatic braking handle position Equalizing reservoir pressure is generated to provide train pipe control pressure;
(c) 13 control modules (13CP) 22: it is equivalent to the effect for operating small lock;
(d) 16 control modules (16CP) 23: it is equivalent to the effect of the main valve of DK-1 brake distributing valve;
(e) 20 control modules (20CP) 24: it is equivalent to double-heading valve.
(BCPC) 25 pairs of rolling stock checking cylinder controls are additionally provided in profiling brake execution unit (EPCU) 13, And power supply junction box 26, all nodes are connected, are powered for connector.
Further, the emulation brake cabinet simulates vehicle condition signal using sensor and PLC, imitates integrated computer M- IPM control model, and being assembled with integrated pipeline cabinet, by the empty control unit (EPCU) 13 of the electricity of profiling, signal control cabinet X-IPM, TIM trunk interface module RIM and true stopping brake, sander, rising bow control module etc. are mounted in brake cabinet, facilitate behaviour Make and overhauls;Controllable gas circuit is installed and substitutes actual driver's braking in emulation brake cabinet back side in pipeline cabinet integrated cabinet Valve realizes train tube pressure control by controllable gas circuit, the control of equalizing reservoir pressure, graduated release mode, once alleviates mode With the Simulation Control of troubleshooting mode.
Further, the graduated release mode includes that control just fills wind, fills wind, first service, service braking, disconnected hook again Pressure maintaining, rapid recovery, neutrality, emergency braking, total wind low-voltage variation after defencive function, alleviation, braking or alleviation;Described is primary Alleviation mode include control just fill wind, fill again wind, first service, service braking, disconnected hook defencive function, alleviate (alleviate after first service, Alleviate after service braking, start to alleviate), braking or alleviate after stability, neutral position, emergency braking, total wind low-voltage variation;Institute The troubleshooting mode stated includes alternate brake, conversion and starts alternate brake, coasting, first service, service braking, disconnected hook protection Function, alleviation, braking or pressure maintaining after alleviating promptly be isolateds with safety arrestment, neutral process, engineer's brake valve, multistage connection again, department The diagnosis of machine room pilot pressure information, rapid recovery, spare module.
Further, 3 shape of emulation driver operation console is emulation city rail vehicle driver control console (such as attached drawing Shown in 5), it emulates and controls computer (in figure not configured with High performance industrial needed for brake experiment on driver operation console 3 Display), large-screen lc touch display 14, programmable controller (PLC) (not shown), and provide simulating brake behaviour The emulation board tendon 15 and Artificial switch 16 of work, being commonly called as size lock there are also true brake monitor, this is rolling stock Original part, it and brake screen communication send and instruct, and cooperate the height intelligence of teaching and the human-computer interaction mould of hommization Block teaching software (not shown);The High performance industrial controls computer, large-screen lc touch display, can compile Range controller (PLC) belongs to the upper structure of the teaching test stand, for the control and display to the next mechanism;The teaching Software using the visualization toolkit of object-oriented as main development platform, be aided with three-dimensional animation production and graphics process is soft Part has built up and has been made of numerous parts such as each component three-dimensional stereo model of the brake highly emulated, animation, software management systems Height intelligence and hommization human-computer interaction module teaching software;Software is used to cooperate with mock-up, projector etc. To demonstrate the comprehensive function principle of brake composition, control principle and brake.
Above-mentioned listed embodiment, only carries out clear, complete description to technical solution of the present invention in conjunction with attached drawing;It is aobvious So, described embodiment is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, all other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
The present invention has the advantages that
The present invention passes through simulation operations platform, the cooperation of brake mock-up and projection device and human-computer interaction moduleization religion The interlocking for learning software coordinates software simulation animation system and brake mock-up and projection device three acts, to demonstrate braking The comprehensive training teaching of the comprehensive function principle of machine composition, control principle and brake, it is existing simulate to student with this The training and teaching of field has really degree high, can concentrate various structural principles and movement reproduction, advantageously accounts for existing at present Many problems in the teaching of field;Mainly there are following some advantages:
1, it can will implement the modular construction and operating principle simulation reconstruction of brake on a simulation test stand, be convenient for student Fully understand the good overall view of brake, it is interactive strong, the interest of student is improved, learns student no longer passively, but Actively assist in practice, intensified learning effect;
2, by splitting the brake mock-up of formula design, it can intuitively see brake internal structure, be convenient for student couple Internal structure, mounting means of brake etc. have more deep understanding;
3, emulation simulation test stand is arranged in Classroom, convenient for carrying out the real training of brake indoors, not by the shadow of field condition It rings;
4, projection device and station are used cooperatively, and are mainly used for the principle and movement demonstration of each module of brake and valve.Projection Instrument by computer principle and animation project on curtain wall, give student one intuitive understanding.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching, it is characterised in that: normal according to brake The content of the test for advising training and teaching is combined with actual part using emulation, analog simulation brake unit is arranged on the ground, imitates True brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console, analog simulation brake unit are equipped with profiling brake execution unit and emulation braking Disk, profiling brake execution unit are controlled by emulation brake cabinet, and emulation brake cabinet is connected to emulation driver operation console again Control completes brake items system by analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console combination Condition of starting building operates and from seizure test, realizes the practice-training teaching training of analog simulation brake unit.
2. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Described being combined using emulation with actual part is to grasp respectively in analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver Make console to combine to form simplified functional module with actual part using simulation component, then combines simplified functional module Get up to be formed analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and emulation driver operation console, utilizes simulation component and true portion Analog simulation brake unit, emulation brake cabinet and the various operating conditions for emulating driver operation console progress brake that part combines Test.
3. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: Profiling brake execution unit and emulation brake disc are provided on the analog simulation brake unit, profiling brake execution unit is set Set emulation brake disc side, emulation brake disc be vertically disposed in a support base, emulation brake disc beside according to A hanger is arranged in the position of rolling stock brake, and the brake braking executive component of profiling is imitated in railway machine Position on vehicle and vehicle is mounted on hanger, and the hanger is equipped with brake and brakes executive component mounting plate, brake Braking executive component mounting plate on brake is installed needed for emulation braking executive component, by emulation braking executive component with Emulate the practice-training teaching training that brake disc cooperation carries out various brake operations.
4. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: The emulation brake disc and the practical brake disc on rolling stock are similar, the structure with circular ring shape, in annulus Lower part is connected with brake disc mounting blocks, and brake disc mounting blocks are strip flat blocks;The brake disc mounting blocks and annulus The Simulation of Brake disk of shape links together, and brake disc mounting blocks are placed in support base, and by the brake disc in support base Strip blocks, so that Simulation of Brake disk is erect perpendicular to the ground in support base.
5. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: The structure that the emulation brake cabinet uses actual part to combine with profiling component controls the electricity-of substitution brake by PLC Empty brak control unit (BCU) emulates and is equipped with the empty control unit EPCU of profiling electricity in brake cabinet, the empty control unit of profiling electricity EPCU is connect with electric empty modulator (EPM) and brake monitor (big lock+small lock), and is connected by RS485 and drivers' cab brake screen Receive the braking instruction that brake monitor issues.
6. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: The profiling electricity sky control unit EPCU is emulation module structure, and emulation module is uniformly mounted on a profiling shell, Be provided in profiling shell gas circuit carry out modules function realize, by PLC control simulation supervisor, equalizer line, train pipe and The pressure output for braking earthen pipe passes through each Simulation Control block combiner, under PLC control, the manipulation of simulated implementation brake.
7. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: The Simulation Control module includes:
(a) train pipe control module BPCP: the pressure of main control train pipe;
(b) it equalizing reservoir control module ERCP: when one's own job rolling stock state, is generated according to automatic braking handle position Equalizing reservoir pressure controls pressure to provide train pipe;
(c) 13 control modules (13CP): it is equivalent to the effect for operating small lock;
(d) 16 control modules (16CP): it is equivalent to the effect of the main valve of DK-1 brake distributing valve;
(e) 20 control modules (20CP): it is equivalent to double-heading valve.
8. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: The emulation brake cabinet simulates vehicle condition signal using sensor and PLC, imitates integrated computer M-IPM control model, and with collecting It is assembled at pipeline cabinet, by the empty control unit EPCU of the electricity of profiling, signal control cabinet X-IPM, TIM trunk interface module RIM and true Stopping brake, sander, rising bow control module etc. be mounted in brake cabinet, facilitate operation and maintenance;The emulation system Dynamic cabinet back side in pipeline cabinet integrated cabinet installs controllable gas circuit and substitutes actual engineer's brake valve, realizes train by controllable gas circuit Pipe pressure control, the control of equalizing reservoir pressure, graduated release mode, the primary emulation control for alleviating mode and troubleshooting mode System.
9. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that: The graduated release mode includes that control just fills wind, fills wind, first service, service braking, disconnected hook defencive function, alleviation, system again Pressure maintaining, rapid recovery, neutrality, emergency braking, total wind low-voltage variation after dynamic or alleviation;The primary alleviation mode includes control Just fill wind, fill again wind, first service, service braking, disconnected hook defencive function, alleviate (alleviate after first service, alleviate after service braking, Start to alleviate), braking or alleviate after stability, neutral position, emergency braking, total wind low-voltage variation;The troubleshooting mould Formula includes alternate brake, conversion and starts alternate brake, coasting, first service, service braking, disconnected hook defencive function, alleviation, braking Or pressure maintaining after alleviating, promptly be isolated with safety arrestment, neutral process, engineer's brake valve, multistage connection again, drivers' cab pilot pressure letter The diagnosis of breath, rapid recovery, spare module.
10. the practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching as described in claim 1, feature exist In: the emulation driver operation console shape is emulation city rail vehicle driver control console, is emulated on driver operation console Computer, large-screen lc touch display, programmable controller (PLC) are controlled configured with High performance industrial, and is provided simultaneously Provide the emulation board tendon and Artificial switch of simulating brake operation, and cooperation teaching height intelligence with it is humanized man-machine Interactive module teaching software;The High performance industrial controls computer, large-screen lc touch display, PLC technology Device (PLC) belongs to the upper structure of the teaching test stand, for the control and display to the next mechanism;The teaching software is adopted It uses the visualization toolkit of object-oriented as main development platform, be aided with three-dimensional animation production and PaintShop, build up The height that is made of numerous parts such as each component three-dimensional stereo model of the brake highly emulated, animation, software management systems The intelligent human-computer interaction module teaching software with hommization;Software is used to demonstrate with cooperations such as mock-up, projectors The comprehensive function principle of brake composition, control principle and brake.
CN201811642738.2A 2018-12-29 2018-12-29 A kind of practical training method of rolling stock brake comprehensive training teaching Pending CN109461341A (en)

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