CN109450352A - Photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant - Google Patents

Photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109450352A
CN109450352A CN201811449038.1A CN201811449038A CN109450352A CN 109450352 A CN109450352 A CN 109450352A CN 201811449038 A CN201811449038 A CN 201811449038A CN 109450352 A CN109450352 A CN 109450352A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
telescopic rod
rack
inserted link
generating system
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Granted
Application number
CN201811449038.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109450352B (en
Inventor
陈伟元
陆春妹
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SUZHOU COSUPER ENERGY EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.
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Suzhou Vocational University
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Priority to CN201811449038.1A priority Critical patent/CN109450352B/en
Publication of CN109450352A publication Critical patent/CN109450352A/en
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Publication of CN109450352B publication Critical patent/CN109450352B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant, at least two adjustment holes are provided with along length of telescopic bar direction interval in telescopic rod one side wall, second support tube is equipped with the inserted link being plugged in an adjustment hole, the spring part being socketed on inserted link is equipped between limit plate and positioning housing, and the one end of inserted link far from turntable is wedge block;Telescopic rod is equipped with teeth, and rotation is equipped with gear in second shell, and the shaft of gear is equipped with ratchet, and also rotation is equipped with the rotating cylinder with pawl in shaft, and the pull rod for pulling pawl to be detached from ratchet is additionally provided on rotating cylinder;It is equipped with water pipe and brush plate side by side between two T-bars.The present invention passes through the cooperation of inserted link, adjustment hole, teeth, gear, ratchet and ratchet, realize the displacement of telescopic rod, to facilitate staff to adjust rack tilt angle, improve solar photovoltaic cell panel generating efficiency, simultaneously, the setting of water pipe and brush plate can clean photovoltaic battery panel, further increase its generating efficiency.

Description

Photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of photovoltaic generating systems for photovoltaic plant, belong to solar photovoltaic cell panel mounting technique Field.
Background technique
Due to the shortage of the natural resources such as petroleum, coal, natural gas, non-renewable and to environment pollution, Developing renewable, non-polluting energy sources becomes the important directions of energy research, and solar energy is as a kind of inexhaustible, nexhaustible Green energy resource is increasingly by the attention of researcher.The application of solar energy generallys use photovoltaic cell component (i.e. solar battery Plate), the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy.It cannot directly do power supply because single solar cell voltage is small, power is low and make With component must be connected several single battery series and parallels and tightly be packaged by making power supply.Photovoltaic cell component is solar energy Most important part in core and solar photovoltaic generation system in photovoltaic generating system.
Photovoltaic cell component is usually placed on the ground by mounting rack, and generated energy and sunlight irradiate angle on it Degree has very big relationship, is maximum generating watt when the photovoltaic battery panel face sun.
However existing mounting rack, when installing to solar photovoltaic cell panel, installation is inconvenient, and installation effectiveness is low, simultaneously It is merely able to that the photovoltaic panel of fixed size is installed, greatly limits the fitting limit of mounting rack, and photovoltaic panel is carrying out It is time-consuming and laborious when angular adjustment, it is inconvenient for use, simultaneously as exposure uses photovoltaic battery panel in the natural environment for a long time, light The surface of volt solar panel can accumulate more impurity, to influence the generating efficiency of photovoltaic battery panel;For above situation, we It is proposed a kind of photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of photovoltaic generating systems for photovoltaic plant, pass through inserted link, adjustment hole, tooth The cooperation of tooth, gear, ratchet and ratchet, realizes the displacement of telescopic rod, so that staff be facilitated to adjust rack inclination angle Degree improves photovoltaic battery panel generating efficiency, meanwhile, the setting of water pipe and brush plate can clean photovoltaic battery panel, further mention Its high generating efficiency.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant, Including rack, the solar photovoltaic cell panel being installed on rack, two first support bars for being supported in rack side With two the second support tubes of opposite side, the first support bar top is articulated on rack, telescopic rod one end insertion In second support tube, the telescopic rod other end is flexibly connected by an adjusting rod with rack;The telescopic rod side At least two adjustment holes are provided with along length of telescopic bar direction interval on wall, the front end insertion second of the inserted link in positioning housing In the through-hole of support tube, the rear end of this inserted link is extended out of positioning housing through-hole, and it is solid to be located at positioning housing interpolation pole region Surely there is a limit plate, a spring part is set on inserted link and between the limit plate and positioning housing, flexible for being inserted into The front end of the inserted link in bar adjustment hole is wedge block, and the rear end of the inserted link is equipped with a turntable, is fixed on this turntable One fastening screw, the through-hole two sides that the positioning housing is located at positioning housing are symmetrically provided with first positioning hole and the second positioning Hole;
When the telescopic rod is under propradation, in the fastening screw insertion first positioning hole of the turntable, the inserted link The inclined-plane of wedge block is towards adjustment hole bottom;When the telescopic rod is under lower shifting state, the fastening screw of the turntable is inserted into In second location hole, the inclined-plane of the wedge block of the inserted link is towards at the top of adjustment hole;The length of the wedge block of the inserted link is greater than The intersection of the depth of adjustment hole, the adjustment hole and telescopic rod side wall is equipped with corner portion;
The telescopic rod is equipped with teeth away from the side of adjustment hole, and one rotates in the second shell on second support tube Equipped with the gear for being engaged in teeth, ratchet is coaxially provided in the shaft of this gear, a rotating cylinder inwall being socketed in shaft is equipped with With the pawl of ratchet clamping, the first spring is provided between this pawl and rotating cylinder inwall, pull rod insertion rotating cylinder is interior and is connected to On pawl;
The rack front-end and back-end are respectively equipped with the first movement block moved along end, the second movable block, this first movement Block, the second movable block are driven by the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism respectively, are located at the first movement block, the second movement Brush plate and water pipe are provided between block side by side.
Further improved scheme is as follows in above-mentioned technical proposal:
1. in above scheme, the shaft is set as one, and two gears are respectively arranged on both ends of the shaft, and the ratchet It is set as one.
2. in above scheme, two second support tubes are equipped with second shell, the shaft rotation is plugged in second shell In body, the rotating cylinder is equipped with the swing handle for stretching out second shell setting, and rotates in the second shell along swing handle Track is provided with rotation slot.
3. in above scheme, described shaft one end end is provided with square groove, the other end is equipped with matched rectangular with square groove Bar;The rack two sides be respectively equipped with locating rod and with the matched positioning sleeve of locating rod.
4. in above scheme, the lower end of the rack is equipped with lower blend stop, it is provided on the lower blend stop for solar energy Lie prostrate the lower bayonet slot of plate insertion.
5. in above scheme, a guide sleeve is equipped in the rack, a mobile bar one end is inserted into the guide sleeve, This mobile bar other end extends out of rack end through-hole.
6. in above scheme, the mobile bar upper end is equipped with upper blend stop, it is provided on the upper blend stop for solar photovoltaic The upper card slot of pond plate insertion.
7. in above scheme, first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism further comprise drive sprocket, driven chain Wheel and the chain between drive sprocket, driven sprocket, the first movement block, the second movable block are respectively arranged in the first drive On motivation structure and the respective chain of the second driving mechanism.
8. in above scheme, first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are respectively positioned on the driving shell for being provided with guide groove In body, the first movement block, the second movable block are respectively embedded into the guide groove of respective drive shell and are connected on chain.
9. in above scheme, the water pipe is provided with apopore close to the side of rack.
Due to the application of the above technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1, the present invention is used for the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant, by first support bar, the second support tube and telescopic rod and The cooperation of adjusting rod facilitates staff to adjust the solar photovoltaic cell panel installed on rack and rack as needed Angle improves the energy conversion effect of solar photovoltaic cell panel, the water pipe and brush plate being set side by side between two T-bars, energy It is enough that periodically solar photovoltaic cell panel surface is cleaned, high transparency is maintained, guarantees its utilization rate to solar energy; When telescopic rod is under propradation, when the inclined-plane of the wedge block of inserted link is towards adjustment hole bottom, pawl is connected in the spine of ratchet On tooth, the displacement and adjusting of telescopic rod can be driven by rotating ratchet, before telescopic rod is in lower shifting state, rotate inserted link, When making the inclined-plane of wedge block towards at the top of adjustment hole, pawl continues to block ratchet, fixes telescopic rod position, avoid inserted link by The influence of flexible rod pressure and be difficult to rotate, and after inserted link rotation, inserted link can stop telescopic rod to move down again, avoid stretching Bar applies excessive pressure to pawl and pull rod is caused to be difficult to be pulled away from ratchet, facilitates that telescopic rod is subsequent to be moved down, and inserted link Wedge block inclined-plane towards after at the top of adjustment hole, with the change of the telescopic rod direction of motion, the inclined-plane of wedge block with variation, And telescopic rod after the wedge block in adjustment hole is squeezed on its inclined-plane, gradually exits adjustment hole, and generate in slipping The resistance opposite with the telescopic rod direction of motion buffers the sliding of telescopic rod, and after wedge block exits adjustment hole, it can be in spring It is contacted under the promotion of part on the telescopic rod outer wall of adjustment hole side, to generate the friction resistance opposite with the telescopic rod direction of motion Power further buffers the movement of telescopic rod, and since solar photovoltaic cell panel is electronic device, is easy to impaired, and inserted link delays Punching effect not only reduces the abrasion between each component, reduces the loss of each component, also protects and install too on rack Positive energy photovoltaic battery panel;Moreover, the telescopic rod slowly, gradually moved can facilitate staff to select suitably to adjust as needed Knothole is positioned, and the instantaneity and accuracy of the adjusting of telescopic rod position are improved;Further, the corner portion energy at adjustment hole Enough optimization wedge block buffer functions that telescopic rod is moved, steady wedge block from fixation hole to the mistake telescopic rod side wall It crosses, smooth resistance, stablizes the sliding of telescopic rod, improve the stability of telescopic rod movement, reduce component wear.
2, the present invention is used for the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant, by the setting of a shaft and a ratchet, so that Gear at two second support tubes realizes synchronous driving, so that staff be facilitated to reconcile telescopic rod position;Further, due to The generally bulk use of rack, thus, by the way that upper locating rod and positioning sleeve is arranged in rack two sides, is arranged in both ends of the shaft Upper square pole and square groove, in use, adjacent rack and shaft can be linked together, using at single mounting rack When ratchet drive shaft rotates, the rack at multiple mounting racks can be adjusted in synchronism angle, without individually adjusting one by one, more It is laborsaving.
3, the present invention is used for the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant, passes through the guide sleeve and guide sleeve set up in rack The mobile bar of middle sliding grafting adjusts the size of frame structure at rack, meanwhile, utilize the lower blend stop and upper gear that both ends are fixed Solar photovoltaic cell panel position is auxiliarily fixed in item, and the solar energy photovoltaic panel size for facilitating staff to install as needed carries out It adjusts, improves the applicability of frame structure.
Detailed description of the invention
Attached drawing 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Attached drawing 2 is cross-sectional view of the present invention for the fixation device part of the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant;
Attached drawing 3 is the section view of fixed device part when telescopic rod of the present invention for the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant moves down Figure;
Attached drawing 4 is the section view of fixed device part when telescopic rod of the present invention for the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant moves down Figure;
Attached drawing 5 is the section view of fixed device part when telescopic rod of the present invention for the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant moves down Figure;
Attached drawing 6 is cross-sectional view of the present invention for the second shell part of the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant;
Attached drawing 7 is cross-sectional view of the present invention for the barrel sections of the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant;
Attached drawing 8 is cross-sectional view of the present invention for the first shell part of the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant;
Attached drawing 9 is cross-sectional view of the present invention for another visual angle in first shell part of the photovoltaic generating system of photovoltaic plant;
Attached drawing 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
In the figures above: 1, rack;2, drive shell;201, the first driving mechanism;202 second driving mechanisms;21, electric Machine;22, drive sprocket;23, driven sprocket;24, chain;25, guide groove;26, first movement block;27, the second movable block;28, Water pipe;29, brush plate;3, locating rod;31, positioning sleeve;4, guide sleeve;41, mobile bar;42, lower blend stop;43, upper blend stop;5, One support rod;6, the second support tube;71, positioning housing;72, inserted link;73, limit plate;74, spring part;75, turntable;751, fixed Position bolt;76, first positioning hole;761, second location hole;8, second shell;81, shaft;811, square groove;812, square pole; 813, gear;814, ratchet;82, rotation slot;83, rotating cylinder;831, pawl;832, the first spring;833, pull rod;834, turning handle Hand;9, telescopic rod;91, adjustment hole;92, teeth;93, adjusting rod;94, corner portion.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: a kind of photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant referring to attached drawing 1-9, including rack 1, is installed on The two of solar photovoltaic cell panel on rack 1, two first support bars 5 and opposite side for being supported in 1 side of rack A second support tube 6,5 top of first support bar are articulated on rack 1, described second of 9 one end of telescopic rod insertion In stay tube 6,9 other end of telescopic rod is flexibly connected by an adjusting rod 93 with rack 1;In 9 one side wall of telescopic rod At least two adjustment holes 91 are provided with along 9 length direction interval of telescopic rod, the front end insertion of the inserted link 72 in positioning housing 71 In the through-hole of second support tube 6, the rear end of this inserted link 72 is extended out of positioning housing 71 through-hole, is located in positioning housing 71 72 region of inserted link is fixed with a limit plate 73, and a spring part 74 is set on inserted link 72 and is located at the limit plate 73 and positioning shell Between body 71, the front end of the inserted link 72 for being inserted into 9 adjustment hole 91 of telescopic rod is wedge block, the rear end of the inserted link 72 One turntable 75 is installed, a fastening screw 751 is fixed on this turntable 75, the positioning housing 71 is located at the logical of positioning housing 71 Hole two sides are symmetrically provided with first positioning hole 76 and second location hole 761;
When the telescopic rod 9 is under propradation, the fastening screw 751 of the turntable 75 is inserted into first positioning hole 76, institute The inclined-plane of the wedge block of inserted link 72 is stated towards 91 bottom of adjustment hole;When the telescopic rod 9 is under lower shifting state, the turntable 75 Fastening screw 751 be inserted into second location hole 761, the inclined-plane of the wedge block of the inserted link 72 is towards 91 top of adjustment hole;Institute The length for stating the wedge block of inserted link 72 is greater than the depth of adjustment hole 91, and the intersection of the adjustment hole 91 and 9 side wall of telescopic rod is set There is corner portion 94;
The telescopic rod 9 is equipped with teeth 92 away from the side of adjustment hole 91, and one is located at the second shell on second support tube 6 Rotation is equipped with the gear 813 for being engaged in teeth 92 in 8, is coaxially provided with ratchet 814 in the shaft 81 of this gear 813, one is socketed on 83 inner wall of rotating cylinder in shaft 81 is equipped with the pawl 831 being clamped with ratchet 814, is arranged between 83 inner wall of this pawl 831 and rotating cylinder There is the first spring 832, a pull rod 833 insertion rotating cylinder 83 is interior and is connected on pawl 831;
1 front-end and back-end of rack are respectively equipped with the first movement block 26 moved along end, the second movable block 27, this first Movable block 26, the second movable block 27 are driven by the first driving mechanism 201 and the second driving mechanism 202 respectively, are located at described first Brush plate 29 and water pipe 28 are provided between movable block 26, the second movable block 27 side by side, above-mentioned water pipe 28 is close to rack 1 Side is provided with apopore.
Above-mentioned shaft 81 is set as one, and two gears 813 are respectively arranged on 81 both ends of shaft, and the ratchet 814 It is set as one;Two above-mentioned second support tubes 6 are equipped with second shell 8, and the rotation of shaft 81 is plugged in second shell 8, institute It states rotating cylinder 83 and is equipped with and stretch out the swing handle 834 that second shell 8 is arranged, and along 834 turns of swing handle in the second shell 8 Dynamic rail mark is provided with rotation slot 82.
Above-mentioned 81 one end end of shaft is provided with square groove 811, and the other end is equipped with and the matched square pole 812 of square groove 811; 1 two sides of rack be respectively equipped with locating rod 3 and with the matched positioning sleeve 31 of locating rod 3.
The lower end of above-mentioned rack 1 is equipped with lower blend stop 42, is provided on the lower blend stop 42 for solar photovoltaic cell panel The lower bayonet slot of insertion;A guide sleeve 4 is equipped in above-mentioned rack 1,41 one end of a mobile bar is inserted into the guide sleeve 4, this shifting 41 other end of lever extends out of 1 end of rack through-hole;Above-mentioned 41 upper end of mobile bar is equipped with upper blend stop 43, the upper gear The upper card slot for solar photovoltaic cell panel insertion is provided on item 43.
Above-mentioned first driving mechanism 201 and the second driving mechanism 202 further comprise drive sprocket 22,23 and of driven sprocket Chain 24 between drive sprocket 22, driven sprocket 23, the first movement block 26, the second movable block 27 are respectively arranged in In first driving mechanism 201 and the respective chain 24 of the second driving mechanism 202;Above-mentioned first driving mechanism 201 and the second driving Mechanism 202 is respectively positioned in the drive shell 2 for being provided with guide groove 25, and the first movement block 26, the second movable block 27 are respectively embedded into In the guide groove 25 of respective drive shell 2 and it is connected on chain 24.
Embodiment 2: embodiment 1: a kind of photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant referring to attached drawing 2-10, including is placed Frame 1, the solar photovoltaic cell panel being installed on rack 1, two first support bars 5 and phase for being supported in 1 side of rack To two the second support tubes 6 of side, 5 top of first support bar is articulated on rack 1, the insertion of 9 one end of a telescopic rod In second support tube 6,9 other end of telescopic rod is flexibly connected by an adjusting rod 93 with rack 1;The telescopic rod At least two adjustment holes 91 are provided with along 9 length direction interval of telescopic rod in 9 one side walls, the inserted link 72 in positioning housing 71 Front end is embedded in the through-hole of the second support tube 6, and the rear end of this inserted link 72 is extended out of positioning housing 71 through-hole, is located at positioning 71 interpolation pole of shell, 72 region is fixed with a limit plate 73, and a spring part 74 is set on inserted link 72 and is located at the limit plate 73 Between positioning housing 71, the front end of the inserted link 72 for being inserted into 9 adjustment hole 91 of telescopic rod is wedge block, the inserted link 72 rear end is equipped with a turntable 75, and a fastening screw 751 is fixed on this turntable 75, and the positioning housing 71 is located at positioning shell The through-hole two sides of body 71 are symmetrically provided with first positioning hole 76 and second location hole 761;
When the telescopic rod 9 is under propradation, the fastening screw 751 of the turntable 75 is inserted into first positioning hole 76, institute The inclined-plane of the wedge block of inserted link 72 is stated towards 91 bottom of adjustment hole;When the telescopic rod 9 is under lower shifting state, the turntable 75 Fastening screw 751 be inserted into second location hole 761, the inclined-plane of the wedge block of the inserted link 72 is towards 91 top of adjustment hole;Institute The length for stating the wedge block of inserted link 72 is greater than the depth of adjustment hole 91, and the intersection of the adjustment hole 91 and 9 side wall of telescopic rod is set There is corner portion 94;
The telescopic rod 9 is equipped with teeth 92 away from the side of adjustment hole 91, and one is located at the second shell on second support tube 6 Rotation is equipped with the gear 813 for being engaged in teeth 92 in 8, is coaxially provided with ratchet 814 in the shaft 81 of this gear 813, one is socketed on 83 inner wall of rotating cylinder in shaft 81 is equipped with the pawl 831 being clamped with ratchet 814, it is arranged between 83 inner wall of this pawl 831 and rotating cylinder There is the first spring 832, a pull rod 833 insertion rotating cylinder 83 is interior and is connected on pawl 831;
1 front-end and back-end of rack are respectively equipped with the first movement block 26 moved along end, the second movable block 27, this first Movable block 26, the second movable block 27 are driven by the first driving mechanism 201 and the second driving mechanism 202 respectively, are located at described first Brush plate 29 and water pipe 28 are provided between movable block 26, the second movable block 27 side by side, above-mentioned water pipe 28 is close to rack 1 Side is provided with apopore.
Above-mentioned shaft 81 is set as one, and two gears 813 are respectively arranged on 81 both ends of shaft, and the ratchet 814 It is set as one;Two above-mentioned second support tubes 6 are equipped with second shell 8, and the rotation of shaft 81 is plugged in second shell 8, institute It states rotating cylinder 83 and is equipped with and stretch out the swing handle 834 that second shell 8 is arranged, and along 834 turns of swing handle in the second shell 8 Dynamic rail mark is provided with rotation slot 82.
The lower end of above-mentioned rack 1 is equipped with lower blend stop 42, is provided on the lower blend stop 42 for solar photovoltaic cell panel The lower bayonet slot of insertion;A guide sleeve 4 is equipped in above-mentioned rack 1,41 one end of a mobile bar is inserted into the guide sleeve 4, this shifting 41 other end of lever extends out of 1 end of rack through-hole;Above-mentioned 41 upper end of mobile bar is equipped with upper blend stop 43, the upper gear The upper card slot for solar photovoltaic cell panel insertion is provided on item 43.
Above-mentioned first driving mechanism 201 and the second driving mechanism 202 further comprise drive sprocket 22,23 and of driven sprocket Chain 24 between drive sprocket 22, driven sprocket 23, the first movement block 26, the second movable block 27 are respectively arranged in In first driving mechanism 201 and the respective chain 24 of the second driving mechanism 202;Above-mentioned first driving mechanism 201 and the second driving Mechanism 202 is respectively positioned in the drive shell 2 for being provided with guide groove 25, and the first movement block 26, the second movable block 27 are respectively embedded into In the guide groove 25 of respective drive shell 2 and it is connected on chain 24.
Using the above-mentioned photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant, by the mating of inserted link 72 and adjustment hole 91, The fixation of 9 position of telescopic rod is realized, and passes through teeth 92 and 6 gear 813 of the second support tube and ratchet 814 on telescopic rod 9 Cooperation, realize the adjusting to 9 position of telescopic rod, and block after the completion of adjusting using the cooperation of inserted link 72 and adjustment hole 91 Telescopic rod 9, to the tilt angle for the solar photovoltaic cell panel installed on rack 1 and rack 1 be adjusted, with school To the angle of solar photovoltaic cell panel and sunlight, the generating efficiency of photovoltaic battery panel is improved;Meanwhile it is flexible moving up and down While adjusting 1 angle of rack, the direction of 72 end chamfer of inserted link is selected according to the moving direction of telescopic rod 9 for bar 9, can Using the extrusion fit of 91 hole wall of inclined-plane and adjustment hole, the displacement of telescopic rod 9 in the vertical direction is buffered, can not only protect and put The photovoltaic battery panel installed on frame 1 and rack 1 is set, avoids it from being shaken damage, moreover it is possible to staff be facilitated to select in time Suitable adjustment hole 91 is positioned, very convenient.
In addition, on the one hand, upper hose 28 and brush plate 29 are installed on rack 1, using the driving of motor 21, in chain The solar photovoltaic cell panel installed on rack 1 is periodically cleaned under 24 drive, avoids accumulating in photovoltaic panel Booty influence the light transmittance and generating efficiency of photovoltaic battery panel, on the other hand, the setting of guide sleeve 4 and mobile bar 41, energy Rack 1 and lower blend stop 42, upper blend stop 43 is enough cooperated to form the placement space of an adjustable section, it is various sizes of to adapt to Solar photovoltaic cell panel improves the applicability of solar photovoltaic cell panel.
The course of work: when in use, mobile bar 41 is pulled out from guide sleeve 4, suitable position is pulled out to, by solar energy Photovoltaic battery panel is placed between lower blend stop 42 and upper blend stop 43, later will be solid between mobile bar 41 and guide sleeve 4 by bolt Fixed, reciprocating rotation swing handle 834, swing handle 834 drive 83 reciprocating rotation of rotating cylinder back and forth, in ratchet 814 and pawl 831 Effect lower rotary shaft 81 is merely able to one direction rotation, so that gear 813 be made to one-directionally rotate, gear 813 is driven flexible by teeth 92 Bar 9 is mobile, realizes the adjustment of angle, while fixed device 7 can limit telescopic rod 9 and be merely able to unidirectional movement, start motor 21, Motor 21 drives drive sprocket 22 to rotate, and drives chain 24 to rotate under the action of driven sprocket 23, and chain 24 drives water Pipe 28 and brush plate 29 move back and forth, and realize the cleaning to solar photovoltaic cell panel, when needing to reduce tilt angle, pull and turn Disk 75, turntable 75 drives inserted link 72 to be detached from a upper adjustment hole 91, while fastening screw 751 is detached from the first of 71 top of positioning housing Location hole 76 rotates turntable 75 later, enters fastening screw 751 in the second location hole 761 of lower section, then pull pull rod 833 It separates pawl 831 with ratchet 814, the tilt angle of solar photovoltaic cell panel can be reduced, need using multiple racks 1 When structure, cooperate the locating rod 3 for being placed adjacent frame 1 and positioning sleeve 31, while cooperate square pole 812 and square groove 811, It can make to be connected with each other between shaft 81, thus can be to all photovoltaics by one of swing handle 834 Solar panel carries out angle adjustment.
The above embodiments merely illustrate the technical concept and features of the present invention, and its object is to allow person skilled in the art Scholar cans understand the content of the present invention and implement it accordingly, and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.It is all according to the present invention Equivalent change or modification made by Spirit Essence, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of photovoltaic generating system for photovoltaic plant, including rack (1), the solar energy being installed on rack (1) Photovoltaic battery panel, two first support bars (5) for being supported in rack (1) side and two the second support tubes of opposite side (6), first support bar (5) top is articulated on rack (1), and second support tube is inserted into a telescopic rod (9) one end (6) in, telescopic rod (9) other end is flexibly connected by an adjusting rod (93) with rack (1);It is characterized by: described At least two adjustment holes (91) are provided with along telescopic rod (9) length direction interval in telescopic rod (9) one side wall, are located at positioning housing (71) in the through-hole of the front end insertion the second support tube (6) of the inserted link (72) in, the rear end of this inserted link (72) is from positioning housing (71) extend in through-hole, be located at positioning housing (71) interpolation pole (72) region and be fixed with a limit plate (73), a spring part (74) it is set on inserted link (72) and between the limit plate (73) and positioning housing (71), for being inserted into telescopic rod (9) The front end of the inserted link (72) in adjustment hole (91) is wedge block, and the rear end of the inserted link (72) is equipped with a turntable (75), It is fixed with a fastening screw (751) on this turntable (75), the positioning housing (71) is located at the through-hole two sides of positioning housing (71) Symmetrically it is provided with first positioning hole (76) and second location hole (761);
When the telescopic rod (9) is under propradation, the fastening screw (751) of the turntable (75) is inserted into first positioning hole (76) in, the inclined-plane of the wedge block of the inserted link (72) is towards adjustment hole (91) bottom;Shape is moved down when the telescopic rod (9) are in Under state, in fastening screw (751) insertion second location hole (761) of the turntable (75), the wedge block of the inserted link (72) Inclined-plane is towards at the top of adjustment hole (91);The length of the wedge block of the inserted link (72) is greater than the depth of adjustment hole (91), the tune The intersection of knothole (91) and telescopic rod (9) side wall is equipped with corner portion (94);
The telescopic rod (9) is equipped with teeth (92) away from the side of adjustment hole (91), and one is located on second support tube (6) Rotation is equipped with the gear (813) for being engaged in teeth (92) in second shell (8), coaxially sets in the shaft (81) of this gear (813) Having ratchet (814), rotating cylinder (83) inner wall being socketed on shaft (81) is equipped with the pawl (831) being clamped with ratchet (814), this It is provided with the first spring (832) between pawl (831) and rotating cylinder (83) inner wall, a pull rod (833) is embedded in rotating cylinder (83) and connects It is connected on pawl (831);
Rack (1) front-end and back-end are respectively equipped with the first movement block (26) moved along end, the second movable block (27), This first movement block (26), the second movable block (27) are driven by the first driving mechanism (201) and the second driving mechanism (202) respectively It is dynamic, it is provided with brush plate (29) and water pipe (28) side by side between the first movement block (26), the second movable block (27).
2. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 1 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: the shaft (81) sets It is set to one, and two gears (813) are respectively arranged on shaft (81) both ends, and the ratchet (814) is set as one.
3. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 2 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: two second supports It manages (6) and is equipped with second shell (8), shaft (81) rotation is plugged in second shell (8), and the rotating cylinder (83) is equipped with The swing handle (834) of second shell (8) setting is stretched out, and along swing handle (834) rotary motion trace in the second shell (8) It is provided with rotation slot (82).
4. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 2 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: the shaft (81) one End end is provided with square groove (811), and the other end is equipped with and square groove (811) matched square pole (812);The rack (1) Two sides be respectively equipped with locating rod (3) and with locating rod (3) matched positioning sleeve (31).
5. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 1 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: the rack (1) Lower end be equipped with lower blend stop (42), be provided on the lower blend stop (42) for solar energy photovoltaic panel insertion lower bayonet slot.
6. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 1 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: the rack (1) In be equipped with a guide sleeve (4), a mobile bar (41) one end is inserted into the guide sleeve (4), this mobile bar (41) other end is from putting It sets in the through-hole of frame (1) end and extends.
7. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 6 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: the mobile bar (41) Upper end is equipped with upper blend stop (43), and the upper card slot for solar energy photovoltaic panel insertion is provided on the upper blend stop (43).
8. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 1 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: first driving machine Structure (201) and the second driving mechanism (202) further comprise drive sprocket (22), driven sprocket (23) and be located at drive sprocket (22), the chain (24) between driven sprocket (23), the first movement block (26), the second movable block (27) are respectively arranged in In one driving mechanism (201) and the second driving mechanism (202) respective chain (24).
9. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 9 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: first driving machine Structure (201) and the second driving mechanism (202) are respectively positioned in the drive shell (2) for being provided with guide groove (25), the first movement block (26), the second movable block (27) is respectively embedded into the guide groove (25) of respective drive shell (2) and is connected on chain (24).
10. the photovoltaic generating system according to claim 1 for photovoltaic plant, it is characterised in that: the water pipe (28) Side close to rack (1) is provided with apopore.
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