CN109433420B - Air dust removal equipment - Google Patents

Air dust removal equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109433420B
CN109433420B CN201811255721.1A CN201811255721A CN109433420B CN 109433420 B CN109433420 B CN 109433420B CN 201811255721 A CN201811255721 A CN 201811255721A CN 109433420 B CN109433420 B CN 109433420B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
friction
push
dust
gas
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CN201811255721.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109433420A (en
Inventor
荔蜜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing huanlun Electromechanical Installation Engineering Co., Ltd
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Chongqing Huanlun Electromechanical Installation Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811255721.1A priority Critical patent/CN109433420B/en
Publication of CN109433420A publication Critical patent/CN109433420A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/28Plant or installations without electricity supply, e.g. using electrets
    • B03C3/30Plant or installations without electricity supply, e.g. using electrets in which electrostatic charge is generated by passage of the gases, i.e. tribo-electricity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/66Applications of electricity supply techniques
    • B03C3/68Control systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • Y02A50/2351Atmospheric particulate matter [PM], e.g. carbon smoke microparticles, smog, aerosol particles, dust

Abstract

The invention belongs to the fields of environmental protection and air purification, and particularly relates to air dust removal equipment which comprises a sleeve component, a gas density sensor and a control part, wherein when the gas density sensor detects that the density value of gas is higher, the dust content is high, a first motor and a second motor in the sleeve component are controlled to start working, so that dust is charged, and the wall of the sleeve component is charged due to friction, so that the wall of the sleeve component can adsorb the charged dust to purify air. The air dust removing equipment controls the intensity of the electrostatic effect generated in the air dust removing equipment according to the measured density of the gas to be purified, so that dust in the air is fully absorbed, and the air purifying effect is achieved.

Description

Air dust removal equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the fields of environmental protection and air purification, and particularly relates to air dust removal equipment.
Background
Air dust removal equipment is widely applied to industrial production and family life. For example, patent products of kunming university, an air dust removing device, which generates static electricity on the surface of a corresponding material by friction, adsorbs dust particles originally charged with positive or negative charges (or charges positive or negative charges are charged by mutual collision between particles and an installed obstacle by driving dust to move at high speed in a narrow space) and is trapped by adsorbing the dust particles thereon (patent reference CN 104368445B); patent product of inpel scientific development ltd, air cleaning system and method for cleaning air (patent reference CN 103180048B).
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides air dust removal equipment, which can adjust the electrostatic dust removal strength according to the density of gas, does not need an external high-voltage power supply for providing a dust charging device and a dust collecting plate, and has good dust removal effect.
The gas density sensor comprises a sleeve component, a gas density sensor and a control part;
the sleeve component comprises an outer cylinder made of hard rubber, a friction cylinder made of glass, an inner cylinder component and a push rod component, the outer cylinder, the friction cylinder and the inner cylinder component are sequentially arranged in a sleeve shape from right to left with the radius from large to small, wherein,
the inner barrel assembly includes:
the air inlet pipe is connected with the left end of the inner barrel;
the inner cylinder made of hard rubber is embedded with the outer cylinder, a baffle is arranged at the inlet of the inner cylinder, and a circular opening with the diameter equal to that of the flashlight is arranged on the baffle;
the electric torch is made of elastic materials and arranged in the inner cylinder, and the left side of the electric torch is fixedly connected with the baffle;
the grid net is a plurality of circular net pieces with the same diameter as the charging cylinder, and is placed in the charging cylinder in parallel with the inlet surface of the charging cylinder;
one end of the electrically actuated telescopic rod is fixed on the baffle, and the other end of the electrically actuated telescopic rod is fixed with the right end of the charge tube and is used for driving the charge tube to stretch and change the length of the charge tube;
the push rod assembly includes:
the friction cylinder is characterized by comprising a first push-pull rod and a first motor connected with the first push-pull rod, wherein one end of the first push-pull rod is fixedly connected to the outer cylinder, the first motor drives the first push-pull rod to push the outer cylinder to move back and forth on the periphery of the friction cylinder to generate friction electrification, and the inner wall of the outer cylinder is provided with negative charges;
the friction cylinder is provided with a friction cylinder, an inner cylinder assembly is arranged in the friction cylinder, and the friction cylinder is provided with a positive charge;
the gas density sensor is arranged at the left end of the gas inlet pipe and used for detecting the density of the gas to be purified;
the control section is configured to:
(1) when the density is smaller than or equal to a set standard value, the first motor is controlled to drive the first push-pull rod to pull the outer cylinder to move back and forth on the periphery of the friction cylinder with first power, the second motor is controlled to drive the second push-pull rod to push the inner cylinder assembly to move back and forth in the friction cylinder, so that charges with different polarities are carried on the inner wall of the outer cylinder and the inner wall of the friction cylinder, gas enters the charging cylinder, the dust collides and rubs with each other to carry the charges under the blocking effect of a grid net in the charging cylinder, the gas is led to the outer cylinder, and the dust is adsorbed by the wall of the cylinder with the charges;
(2) when the density is larger than a set standard value, indicating that the content of dust in the gas is higher, controlling the first motor and the second motor to drive the corresponding push-pull rods respectively at a second power higher than the first power, so that the friction times between the cylinders are increased, more charges are generated on the inner wall of the outer cylinder and the inner wall of the friction cylinder, and simultaneously controlling the extension of the telescopic rod to enable the length of the electric charge cylinder to be increased and the diameter of the electric charge cylinder to be reduced, so that the friction collision between the dust in the gas introduced into the electric charge cylinder and the grid net is more violent, the dust is fully charged, the gas is introduced into the outer cylinder, and the dust is adsorbed by the cylinder wall with the charges.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention controls the intensity of the electrostatic effect generated in the dust removing equipment according to the measured density of the gas to be purified, thereby enabling the dust in the air to be fully absorbed by the dust removing equipment, saving energy and having good purifying effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of an air dust extraction apparatus;
fig. 2 shows a schematic block diagram of an air dust removing device.
Detailed Description
The structure of the present system and the functions performed are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The air dust removing equipment comprises a sleeve component 1, a gas density sensor 2 and a control part 3;
wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the sleeve component 1 comprises an outer cylinder 11 made of hard rubber, a friction cylinder 12 made of glass, an inner cylinder component 13 and a push rod component 14, wherein the outer cylinder 11, the friction cylinder 12 and the inner cylinder component 13 are arranged from right to left, and the radii of the outer cylinder 11, the friction cylinder 12 and the inner cylinder component 13 are sequentially arranged in a sleeve shape from large to small, wherein:
an inner barrel assembly 13, comprising:
an air inlet pipe 130 connected to the left end of the inner cylinder 131;
the inner cylinder 131 is made of hard rubber, a baffle with a circular opening is arranged at an inlet, and the diameter of the circular opening is equal to that of the charging cylinder;
the flashlight 132 is made of elastic materials, is arranged in the inner cylinder, and the left side of the flashlight is fixedly connected with the circular opening baffle at the left end of the inner cylinder;
the grid nets 133 are arranged into circular net sheets with the same diameter as the charging cylinders, are placed in the charging cylinders, and are placed in parallel with the inlet surfaces of the charging cylinders;
the telescopic rod 134 and the telescopic motor 135 for driving the telescopic rod to stretch, one end of the telescopic rod is fixed on the circular opening baffle of the inner cylinder, the other end of the telescopic rod is fixed with the right end of the charge tube, and the telescopic motor drives the telescopic rod to stretch, so that the charge tube is pulled to stretch and change the length of the charge tube;
a pushrod assembly 14 comprising:
the first push-pull rod 141 is connected with a first motor 142, one end of the first push-pull rod is connected and fixed on the outer cylinder 11, the first motor drives the first push-pull rod to push the outer cylinder 11 to move back and forth on the periphery of the friction cylinder 12 to generate friction electrification, and the inner wall of the outer cylinder obtains negative charges on an electronic belt;
the second push-pull rod 143 is connected with a second motor 144, one end of the second push-pull rod is connected and fixed on the inner cylinder component 13, and the second motor drives the second push-pull rod to push the inner cylinder component 13 to move in the friction cylinder 12 for friction electrification, so that the inner wall of the friction cylinder loses the positive charge on the electron band;
the gas density sensor 2 is arranged at the leftmost end of the gas inlet pipe and is used for detecting the density of the gas to be purified;
the control section 3 is configured to:
(1) when the density value of the gas measured by the gas density sensor 2 is less than or equal to a standard value, the first motor is controlled to drive the first push-pull rod to pull the outer cylinder to move back and forth on the periphery of the friction cylinder with first power, and the second motor is controlled to drive the second push-pull rod to push the inner cylinder component to move back and forth in the friction cylinder, so that after charges with different polarities are carried on the inner wall of the friction cylinder and the inner wall of the outer cylinder, the first motor and the second motor are controlled to stop driving, the gas enters the charge cylinder, the blocking effect of a net grid in the charge cylinder enables dust particles to collide with each other and rub to generate static electricity to carry the charges, the gas is led to the outer cylinder, the dust particles are adsorbed and purified by the inner wall of;
(2) when the density value of the gas is measured to be larger than the standard value, which indicates that the content of the dust particles is higher, the first motor and the second motor are controlled to drive the push-pull rod correspondingly connected with the first motor to push the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder to move at a second power higher than the first power, the friction times of the inner cylinder, the outer cylinder and the friction cylinder are increased to generate more charges on the inner wall of the outer cylinder and the inner wall of the friction cylinder, the first motor and the second motor are controlled to stop driving, the telescopic rod is controlled to drive the telescopic rod to extend to lengthen the charging cylinder, the diameter of the charging cylinder is reduced, the gas introduced into the charging cylinder is compressed to cause the gas flow velocity to be fast, the dust particles in the gas have more violent friction collision with a grid net in the charging cylinder, the dust particles are fully charged, the treated gas is introduced into the outer cylinder, and the inner wall of the outer cylinder with the charges fully, the electrostatic dust collection effect is good.
It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that numerous variations and/or modifications may be made to the invention as shown in the specific embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention as broadly described. The present embodiments are, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive. Likewise, the invention encompasses any combination of features, in particular of features in the patent claims, even if this feature or this combination of features is not explicitly specified in the patent claims or in the individual embodiments herein.

Claims (1)

1. An air dust removing device comprises a sleeve assembly, a gas density sensor and a control part; it is characterized in that the preparation method is characterized in that,
the sleeve component comprises an outer cylinder made of hard rubber, a friction cylinder made of glass, an inner cylinder component and a push rod component, the outer cylinder, the friction cylinder and the inner cylinder component are sequentially arranged in a sleeve shape from right to left with the radius from large to small, wherein,
the inner barrel assembly includes:
the air inlet pipe is connected with the left end of the inner barrel;
the inner cylinder made of hard rubber is embedded with the outer cylinder, a baffle is arranged at the inlet of the inner cylinder, and a circular opening with the diameter equal to that of the flashlight is arranged on the baffle;
the electric torch is made of elastic materials and arranged in the inner cylinder, and the left side of the electric torch is fixedly connected with the baffle;
the grid net is a plurality of circular net pieces with the same diameter as the charging cylinder, and is placed in the charging cylinder in parallel with the inlet surface of the charging cylinder;
one end of the electrically actuated telescopic rod is fixed on the baffle, and the other end of the electrically actuated telescopic rod is fixed with the right end of the charge tube and is used for driving the charge tube to stretch and change the length of the charge tube;
the push rod assembly includes:
the friction cylinder is characterized by comprising a first push-pull rod and a first motor connected with the first push-pull rod, wherein one end of the first push-pull rod is fixedly connected to the outer cylinder, the first motor drives the first push-pull rod to push the outer cylinder to move back and forth on the periphery of the friction cylinder to generate friction electrification, and the inner wall of the outer cylinder is provided with negative charges;
the friction cylinder is provided with a friction cylinder, an inner cylinder assembly is arranged in the friction cylinder, and the friction cylinder is provided with a positive charge;
the gas density sensor is arranged at the left end of the gas inlet pipe and used for detecting the density of the gas to be purified;
the control section is configured to:
(1) when the density is smaller than or equal to a set standard value, the first motor is controlled to drive the first push-pull rod to pull the outer cylinder to move back and forth on the periphery of the friction cylinder with first power, the second motor is controlled to drive the second push-pull rod to push the inner cylinder assembly to move back and forth in the friction cylinder, so that charges with different polarities are carried on the inner wall of the outer cylinder and the inner wall of the friction cylinder, gas enters the charging cylinder, the dust collides and rubs with each other to carry the charges under the blocking effect of a grid net in the charging cylinder, the gas is led to the outer cylinder, and the dust is adsorbed by the wall of the cylinder with the charges;
(2) when the density is larger than a set standard value, indicating that the content of dust in the gas is higher, controlling the first motor and the second motor to drive the corresponding push-pull rods respectively at a second power higher than the first power, so that the friction times between the cylinders are increased, more charges are generated on the inner wall of the outer cylinder and the inner wall of the friction cylinder, and simultaneously controlling the extension of the telescopic rod to enable the length of the electric charge cylinder to be increased and the diameter of the electric charge cylinder to be reduced, so that the friction collision between the dust in the gas introduced into the electric charge cylinder and the grid net is more violent, the dust is fully charged, the gas is introduced into the outer cylinder, and the dust is adsorbed by the cylinder wall with the charges.
CN201811255721.1A 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Air dust removal equipment Active CN109433420B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811255721.1A CN109433420B (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Air dust removal equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811255721.1A CN109433420B (en) 2018-10-26 2018-10-26 Air dust removal equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109433420A CN109433420A (en) 2019-03-08
CN109433420B true CN109433420B (en) 2020-05-05

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7569094B2 (en) * 2006-07-06 2009-08-04 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Method and apparatus for separating particles
US8552326B2 (en) * 2010-09-03 2013-10-08 Separation Technologies Llc Electrostatic separation control system
CN103084271B (en) * 2013-01-23 2016-01-06 浙江大学 A kind of regulate and control the method for ature of coal in coal gasifying process
CN106560252B (en) * 2016-05-19 2017-11-03 北京中科纳清科技股份有限公司 One kind friction electric dust collector, dust pelletizing system and dust removal method

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Effective date of registration: 20200407

Address after: 401120 4-5, unit 5, building 14, Chongqing advertising industrial park, No. 18, Fucheng Avenue, Yubei District, Chongqing

Applicant after: Chongqing huanlun Electromechanical Installation Engineering Co., Ltd

Address before: 230000 Golden Pond Community Phase I, Shushan District, Hefei City, Anhui Province

Applicant before: Litchi honey

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