CN109431712B - Multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment - Google Patents

Multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109431712B
CN109431712B CN201811613129.4A CN201811613129A CN109431712B CN 109431712 B CN109431712 B CN 109431712B CN 201811613129 A CN201811613129 A CN 201811613129A CN 109431712 B CN109431712 B CN 109431712B
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bed
groove
plate
along
rectangular
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CN201811613129.4A
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CN109431712A (en
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罗远燕
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罗远燕
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/065Rests specially adapted therefor
    • A61G7/075Rests specially adapted therefor for the limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2210/00Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis
    • A61G2210/20Devices for specific treatment or diagnosis for dialysis

Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment, which comprises: the bed body is a cuboid box body with an opening at the top end; a bed board; an upper body panel; the lifting mechanism comprises a positioning strip block arranged on the bottom surface of the bed body along the width direction of the bed board, the top surface of the positioning strip block is concavely provided with two positioning grooves, the two positioning grooves are respectively positioned under two guide holes, a rotating rod is rotatably inserted in each positioning groove, rotating sleeves are coaxially sleeved on the rotating rods, the top end of each rotating sleeve is provided with a sliding block matched with the slide way, the top ends of the two rotating sleeves respectively vertically penetrate through the corresponding guide holes so that the sliding blocks are matched and arranged in the corresponding slide ways, the transverse interfaces of the guide holes are matched with the transverse cross sections of the peripheries of the rotating sleeves, and the guide holes and the transverse cross sections of the peripheries of the rotating sleeves are not circular; a handle. The invention has the advantages of realizing bed and seat exchange by two-step operation and facilitating the body position replacement of patients in hemodialysis treatment.

Description

Multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical equipment. More particularly, the invention relates to a multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment.
Background
Hemodialysis is one of the kidney replacement treatment modes of patients with acute and chronic renal failure. The blood and electrolyte solution (dialysate) with similar body concentration are subjected to substance exchange by diffusion/convection inside and outside the hollow fibers by utilizing the function of a semipermeable membrane through a dialyzer consisting of a plurality of hollow fibers by draining the blood in vivo to the outside, removing metabolic wastes in the body, maintaining the balance of electrolyte and acid and alkali, simultaneously removing excessive water in the body, and returning the purified blood.
At present, patients with kidney diseases need sickbed assistance in the dialysis treatment process. For patients with diseases, the body discomfort caused by keeping one state for a long time in the treatment process needs to be adjusted, and how to conveniently and quickly realize the body state adjustment of patients with hemodialysis is a problem which needs to be solved at present.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the present invention is to solve at least the above problems and to provide at least the advantages described later.
The invention also aims to provide the multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment, which realizes the exchange of the bed and a chair by two-step operation and is convenient for the body position change of a patient for hemodialysis treatment.
To achieve these objects and other advantages in accordance with the present invention, there is provided a multifunctional hemodialysis treatment dedicated bed, including:
the bed body is a cuboid box body with an opening at the top end;
a bed board which is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the bed body and covers the opening on the top surface of the bed body, one end of the top surface of the bed board is sunken with a rectangular groove, the other end of the top surface of the bed board is penetrated with a rectangular hole, the four edges of the rectangular groove and the four edges of the rectangular hole are respectively parallel to the four edges of the bed board, the distance between each side of the rectangular groove and the corresponding side of the bed plate parallel to the rectangular groove and the distance between each side of the rectangular hole and the corresponding side of the bed plate parallel to the rectangular groove are equal and 3-4cm, wherein the non-hinged edge of the bottom surface of the rectangular hole is upwards sunken to form a U-shaped upper resisting part, one side of the rectangular hole close to the rectangular groove is hinged with a lower body plate, the lower body plate is matched with the upper resisting part to form a lower resisting part, when the upper resisting part and the lower resisting part are in butt joint, the upper resisting part and the lower resisting part are fixed through bolts, and the top surface of the lower body plate is flush with the top surface of the bed plate;
the upper body plate is matched with the rectangular groove, one side of the upper body plate, which is close to the rectangular hole, is hinged with the side wall of the rectangular groove, two slideways are arranged on the upper body plate at intervals along the width direction of the bed plate, the slideways are arranged along the length direction of the bed plate, the bed plate is provided with two guide holes in a penetrating manner, the two guide holes are respectively positioned under the two slideways, and the guide holes are positioned at one end, which is close to the rectangular hole, of the slideways;
elevating system, it includes and follows the bed board width direction locates the location strip piece of bed body bottom surface, the sunken two constant head tanks that are equipped with of location strip piece top surface, two constant head tanks are located under two guiding holes respectively, rotatably insert in every constant head tank and establish a rotary rod, the swivel housing is established to coaxial cover on the rotary rod, every swivel housing top is equipped with the slider that the slide matches, the top of two swivel housings is vertical respectively to pass corresponding guiding hole to make the slider match to be located in corresponding slide, the horizontal interface of guiding hole with the horizontal cross-section of swivel housing periphery matches, just the guiding hole reaches the horizontal cross-section of swivel housing periphery all is not circular, wherein, the periphery of rotary rod has the external screw thread, swivel housing bottom have with the internal thread that the external screw thread matches, so that the swivel housing with rotary rod threaded connection, a belt pulley is coaxially sleeved on each rotary rod, the two belt pulleys are connected through a belt, the belt pulley is positioned below the external thread of the corresponding rotary rod, one rotary rod is coaxially and fixedly connected with a turbine, the turbine is positioned below the corresponding belt pulley, the turbine is connected with a worm, one end of the worm is rotatably erected in the bed body, and the other end of the worm is rotatably connected with one end of the bed body along the length direction;
the handle, its include the connecting rod, with connecting rod tip rigid coupling is the holding pole of L shape, the connecting rod includes along keeping away from the rotating part that the holding pole set gradually and drive the portion, the longitudinal section of rotating part is circular, the longitudinal section of drive portion is the rectangle, and its inscribed circle radius equals the rotating part longitudinal section radius, the holding pole is close to the perpendicular rigid coupling inserted bar in bed body sectional one side, bed body side has the locating hole that matches with the inserted bar, bed body lateral wall with the worm junction runs through and is equipped with the through-hole, the worm terminal surface is sunken to set up the accommodation hole with the through-hole intercommunication, and the connecting rod passes through-hole and accommodation hole in proper order.
Preferably, universal wheels are arranged at four corners of the bottom end of the bed body.
Preferably, the length of the rectangular groove along the length direction of the bed board is 80-100cm, the distance between the rectangular groove and the rectangular hole along the length direction of the bed board is 40cm, the length of the rectangular hole along the length direction of the bed board is 60cm, and after the bolt for connecting the upper resisting part and the lower resisting part is removed, the included angle between the lower resisting part and the horizontal plane is 45-60 degrees.
Preferably, the top surfaces of two ends of the bed board in the length direction are provided with baffle plates, the baffle plates are vertically arranged, and the length of the baffle plates in the width direction of the bed board is equal to the width of the bed board.
Preferably, a containing groove is formed in one side of the bed board in the width direction, the containing groove is located between the rectangular groove and the rectangular hole, the distance from the containing groove to the rectangular groove is 7cm, two locating blocks are fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the containing groove in the length direction of the bed board at intervals, one side of one locating block in the length direction of the bed board is fixedly connected with the side face of the containing groove, sliding rails are arranged on the other side face of the locating block and the corresponding side face of the other locating block, each sliding rail comprises an arc-shaped press-in rail and an arc-shaped press-out rail, the two ends of the press-in rail and the two ends of the press-out rail are communicated to form a heart-like one-way closed loop, the joint of the press-in rail and the press-out rail, which is close to the;
still include, forearm support piece, it includes:
the filling block is matched with the containing groove and is arranged in the containing groove in a sliding mode, one side, close to the positioning block, of the filling block is hinged with two sliding rods, the other ends of the two sliding rods are connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode, the top end of the filling block is provided with the containing groove in a recessed mode, the bottom surface of the containing groove is provided with two elastic grooves at intervals, the two elastic grooves are arranged along the width direction of the bed board at intervals, each elastic groove is arranged along the length direction of the bed board, at least one first spring is arranged on the bottom surface of the containing groove along the depth direction of the bottom surface of the containing groove, and the free end of the first spring is fixedly connected with one end, close to;
the elastic piece comprises at least two second springs, a pressing plate and a plurality of telescopic rods, wherein the bottom ends of the second springs are fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of each elastic groove;
the supporting plate is arranged on the top surface of the pressing plate in a sliding manner along the width direction of the bed plate;
wherein, when the slide bar slides when first location, the filling block is kept away from the terminal surface of locating piece with the bed board side flushes, the backup pad is located in the storage tank and the top surface with the holding tank top surface butt presses the filling block, and first spring promotes the filling block, so that when the slide bar slides to the second location along the extrusion track, the second spring drives the telescopic link extension to the longest, so that the backup pad bottom surface height is higher than the bed board height, in order to slide the backup pad orientation the bed board removes.
Preferably, the thickness of the positioning block, the distance between two adjacent positioning blocks and the distance from the other positioning block to the side surface of the accommodating groove are equal along the width direction of the bed plate.
Preferably, the number of the second springs is two, one of the second springs is located between two adjacent positioning blocks, and the other second spring is located between the other positioning block and the side wall of the accommodating groove.
The invention at least comprises the following beneficial effects:
the change of the sitting and lying postures of the human body is realized by the arrangement of the first upper body plate and the lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is manually regulated and controlled manually, the inclination angle of the upper body plate in a certain range can be regulated according to actual requirements, and the structure is simple and the operation is convenient.
Second, the activity space that body downward sloping was provided down to the bed body adoption box structure, and down body and bed board through last department of blocking and the regulation and control of department of blocking cooperation bolt down fixed, simple structure, convenient operation, the regulation and control of body is become the class seat structure with the bed board down in the body cooperation, satisfies the patient position change demand of hemodialysis treatment in-process, can lie and sit.
The third, through holding tank, one-way closed circuit of class heart-shaped, cooperation forearm support's setting provide when patient sits hand support piece, simultaneously, accomodate fast when lying and do not influence the use of bed.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment according to one embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the lower body panel according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the handle and the worm according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a forearm support member according to one embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a forearm support member in accordance with one embodiment of the invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the first spring and the positioning block according to one embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the attached drawings so that those skilled in the art can implement the invention by referring to the description text.
It will be understood that terms such as "having," "including," and "comprising," as used herein, do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements or groups thereof.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present invention provides a multifunctional bed dedicated for hemodialysis treatment, comprising:
the bed comprises a bed body 1 which is a cuboid box body with an opening at the top end, and the box body is arranged in a hollow way;
bed board 2, it set firmly in 1 top surface of bed body and cover and establish 1 top surface opening of bed body, 2 top surfaces of bed board are sunken to have rectangular channel 20 along length direction's one end, and the other end runs through to have rectangular hole 21, rectangular channel 20's four sides, and rectangular hole 21's four sides are equallyd divide and are do not correspond and be on a parallel with 2 four sides of bed board, promptly rectangular channel 20 rectangular hole 21 follows 2 length direction's of bed board one side with 2 long limit of bed board is parallel, rectangular channel 20 each side (specifically be trilateral, except that rectangular channel 20 is close to the one side of rectangular hole 21) apart from the distance (sharp shortest distance) that 2 correspond the limit rather than parallel bed board) and 21 each side (specifically be trilateral, except that rectangular hole 21 is close to the one side of rectangular channel 20) apart from the distance that 2 correspond the limit rather than parallel bed board 2 Equal and 3-4cm from (straight line shortest distance), wherein the non-hinged edge (the three edges) at the bottom surface of the rectangular hole 21 is upwards recessed to form a U-shaped upper resisting part 22, one side (the remaining side) of the rectangular hole 21 close to the rectangular groove 20 is hinged with a lower body plate 3, the non-hinged edge at the top surface of the lower body plate 3 is downwards recessed to enable the lower body plate 3 to be matched with the upper resisting part 22 to set a lower resisting part 30, when the upper resisting part 22 is abutted with the lower resisting part 30, the corresponding mounting groove is penetrated through by a bolt and is screwed with the corresponding thread groove to enable the upper resisting part 22 and the lower resisting part 30 to be abutted and fixed, at the moment, the top surface of the lower body plate 3 is flush with the top surface of the bed plate 2, the head of the bolt is positioned in the thread groove, and after the bolt is disassembled, the lower body plate 3 is under the action of the self gravity, the bed body 1 is moved downwards to the lower end of the bed body 1 to abut against the bottom surface of the bed body 1, so that the lower body plate 3 is arranged at a certain included angle, the size of the included angle is mainly determined by the length of the lower body plate 3 along the length direction of the bed board 2 and the depth of the bed body 1, or a support plate is arranged on the bottom surface of the bed body 1 to match the actual requirement of bed size regulation, the support plate is arranged below the lower body plate 3, the lower body plate 3 moves downwards to abut against and be positioned with the support plate, the actual setting is preferably 45-60 degrees according to the specific conventional requirement of a patient, further, in order to facilitate the upward lifting and fixing of the lower body plate 3, a handle part can be arranged on the top surface of the lower body plate 3, and the handle part can be a groove body which is used for;
the upper body plate 4 is matched with the rectangular groove 20, one side, close to the rectangular hole 21, of the upper body plate 4 is hinged to the side wall, close to the rectangular hole 21, of the rectangular groove 20, the upper body plate 4 is provided with two slide ways 40 at intervals along the width direction of the bed plate 2, preferably the two slide ways 40 are symmetrical about the center of the bed plate 2 along the width direction, the slide ways 40 are arranged along the length direction of the bed plate 2, the bed plate 2 (the bottom surface of the rectangular groove 20) is provided with two guide holes 23 in a penetrating mode, the two guide holes 23 are respectively located under the two slide ways 40, and the guide holes 23 are located at one end, close to the rectangular hole 21, of the slide way 40;
the lifting mechanism 5 comprises a positioning strip block 50 arranged on the bottom surface of the bed body 1 along the width direction of the bed board 2, the positioning strip block 50 can be in a rectangular strip shape, the top surface of the positioning strip block 50 is horizontal and is concavely provided with two positioning grooves 51, the two positioning grooves 51 are vertically arranged, the two positioning grooves 51 are respectively arranged under the two guide holes 23, a rotating rod 52 is rotatably inserted in each positioning groove 51, a rotating sleeve 53 is coaxially sleeved on the rotating rod 52, the rotating sleeve 53 is in a hollow cylindrical shape with an open bottom end, the top end of each rotating sleeve 53 is provided with a sliding block 54 matched with the slide way 40, the top ends of the two rotating sleeves 53 respectively vertically penetrate through the corresponding guide holes 23 so that the sliding blocks 54 are matched in the corresponding slide ways 40, the transverse interface of the guide holes 23 is matched with the transverse section of the periphery of the rotating sleeve 53 (the rotating sleeve 53 can penetrate through to slide up and down and can not rotate, the transverse cross sections of the peripheries of the guide hole 23 and the rotating sleeve 53 are not circular, wherein the periphery of the rotating rod 52 is provided with an external thread, the bottom end of the inner side wall of the rotating sleeve 53 is provided with an internal thread matched with the external thread, so that the bottom end of the rotating sleeve 53 is in threaded connection with the rotating rod 52, a belt pulley 55 is coaxially sleeved on each rotating rod 52, the two belt pulleys 55 are equal in height and are in belt connection with each other, the belt pulley 55 is positioned below the external thread corresponding to the rotating rod 52, one rotating rod 52 is coaxially and fixedly connected with a turbine 56, the turbine 56 is positioned below the corresponding belt pulley 55, the turbine 56 is connected with a worm 57, one end of the worm 57 is rotatably erected in the bed body 1, and the other end of the worm 57 is rotatably connected with one end of the bed body 1 along;
handle 6, its include connecting rod 60, with the holding rod 61 that connecting rod 60 tip is L shape rigid coupling, connecting rod 60 includes along keeping away from holding rod 61 the rotating part 62 that sets gradually and drive portion 63, the longitudinal section of rotating part 62 is circular, the longitudinal section of driving portion 63 is the rectangle, just equal to the radial of the longitudinal section of rotating part 62, holding rod 61 is close to the perpendicular rigid coupling inserted bar 64 in one side of 1 sectional bed body, bed body 1 side has the locating hole 65 with the inserted bar 64 matching, bed body 1 lateral wall with the worm 57 junction runs through and is equipped with through-hole 66, the sunken and through-hole 66 intercommunication of worm 57 terminal surface sets up accommodation hole 67, the longitudinal section of accommodation hole 67 is the rectangle, and with the matching of the longitudinal section of driving portion 63, connecting rod 60 passes through-hole 66 and accommodation hole 67 in proper order to make driving portion 63 is located in the accommodation hole 67, and the inserting rod 64 is correspondingly inserted into the positioning hole 65.
In the above technical solution, the horizontal projection of the bed plate 2 overlaps with the horizontal projection of the bed body 1, three sides penetrating the top surface of the upper blocking part 22 are respectively provided with at least two mounting grooves, the mounting grooves include a head groove (for containing a head of a bolt when the bolt is fixed) and a hole body for allowing a bolt screw to pass through, the lower blocking part 30 is provided with a thread groove corresponding to each mounting groove, the rotary rod 52 is placed in the positioning groove 51, the bottom end of the rotary rod is abutted against the bottom end of the positioning groove 51, the positioning groove 51 and the rotary rod 52 are both cylindrical, the transverse section radius of the positioning groove 51 is slightly larger than the transverse section radius of the rotary rod 52, and in order to reduce the rotary friction force of the rotary rod 52 relative to the positioning groove 51, lubricating oil or vaseline can be smeared between the positioning groove 51 and the rotary rod 52, further, in order to improve the positioning stability of the positioning groove 51 and the rotating rod 52, the positioning groove 51 and the rotating rod 52 can be fixedly connected on an inserted basis, the longitudinal section of the through hole 66 is circular, and half of the longitudinal section of the through hole 66 is larger than the radius of an inscribed circle of the driving part 63;
when the patient needs to sit, first, the upper body panel 4 is adjusted: drawing the handle 6 outwards until the inserting rod 64 leaves the corresponding positioning hole 65, rotating the handle 6 to further rotate the driving rod, rotating the driving rod to drive the worm 57 to rotate, rotating the worm 57 to drive the two rotating rods 52 to rotate synchronously, so as to adjust the rotating sleeve 53 to extend upwards, further enabling the sliding block 54 to move relative to the sliding way 40, further pushing the upper body plate 4 to incline to a preset angle, and pushing the handle 6 inwards until the inserting rod 64 is positioned in the positioning hole 65; secondly, the lower body panel 3 is adjusted: the bolts are disassembled, so that the lower body plate 3 moves downwards under the action of the self gravity and is positioned in the bed body 1 until the lower end of the lower body plate is abutted against the bottom surface of the bed body 1, so that the lower body plate 3 is arranged at a certain included angle, and the lower leg part can be conveniently placed when a patient sits on the bed; when the patient needs to lie down again, first, the upper body panel 4 is adjusted in level: the handle 6 is pulled outwards until the inserting rod 64 leaves the corresponding positioning hole 65, the handle 6 is rotated reversely, then the driving rod is rotated, the driving rod is rotated to drive the worm 57 to rotate, the worm 57 rotates to drive the two rotating rods 52 to synchronously rotate, so that the rotating sleeve 53 is adjusted to be shortened downwards, the sliding block 54 is further moved relative to the sliding way 40, and the upper body plate 4 is driven to be horizontally arranged under the self-gravity matching; secondly, the lower body panel 3 is adjusted: installing a bolt; by adopting the technical scheme, firstly, the upper body plate 4 is matched with the lifting mechanism 5 to realize the exchange of the sitting and lying postures of the human body, and the lifting mechanism 5 is manually regulated and controlled by people, so that the inclination angle of the upper body plate 4 in a certain range can be regulated according to the actual requirement, and the structure is simple and the operation is convenient; second, the activity space of body 3 downward sloping is provided down to bed body 1 adopts the box structure, and down body 3 and bed board 2 through last department of blocking 22 and lower department of blocking 30 cooperation bolt regulation and control fixed down, simple structure, convenient operation, the regulation and control of body 4 is become bed board 2 class seat structure down in the cooperation of body 3, satisfies the patient position change demand of hemodialysis treatment in-process, can lie and can sit.
In another technical scheme, universal wheels 10 are arranged at four corners of the bottom end of the bed body 1. With this arrangement, the movement of the special bed is facilitated, and at least one of the casters 10 is provided with a locking mechanism (which is a conventional one) for limiting the rotation of the casters 10.
In another technical solution, the length of the rectangular groove 20 along the length direction of the bed plate 2 is 80-100cm, the distance between the rectangular groove 20 and the rectangular hole 21 along the length direction of the bed plate 2 is 40cm, the length of the rectangular hole 21 along the length direction of the bed plate 2 is 60cm, and after the bolts connecting the upper resisting part 22 and the lower resisting part 30 are removed, the included angle between the lower resisting part 30 and the horizontal plane is 45-60 degrees. By adopting the proposal, the bed board 2 is suitable for the arrangement of the conventional human body in reasonable space.
In another kind of technical scheme, bed board 2 all sets up baffle 11 along length direction's both ends top surface, baffle 11 is vertical to be set up, baffle 11 is followed 2 width direction's of bed board length equals bed board 2's width, just baffle 11's horizontal projection does not surpass bed body 1's horizontal projection scope. By adopting the scheme, the use safety of the special bed is improved.
In another technical solution, the holding groove 12 is disposed on one side of the bed plate 2 along the width direction, the holding groove 12 is disposed between the rectangular groove 20 and the rectangular hole 21, and the distance from the rectangular groove 20 is 7cm, two positioning blocks 13 are fixedly disposed at the bottom end of the holding groove 12 along the length direction of the bed plate 2 at intervals, wherein one side of one positioning block 13 along the length direction of the bed plate 2 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the holding groove 12, another side surface of the positioning block 13 and the corresponding side surface of the other positioning block 13 (the side surface corresponding to the another side surface of the positioning block 13, and the side surface far away from the side surface where the bed plate 2 is fixedly connected to the positioning block 13) are both provided with a sliding rail 7, the sliding rail 7 includes a pressing rail 70 and a pressing rail 71 which are both arc-shaped (shown in fig. 5-6 as line connection, the actual arc shape, the pressing rail 70 and the pressing rail 71 are both in a V shape, so that two ends of the pressing rail 70 and two ends of the pressing rail 71 are communicated to form a heart-like one-way closed loop, a first positioning 72 is arranged at the joint of the pressing rail 70 and the pressing rail 71, which is close to the bottom surface of the accommodating groove 12, and a second positioning 73 is arranged at the other joint;
still include, forearm support piece, it includes:
the filling block 8 is adapted to the accommodating groove 12 and is slidably disposed in the accommodating groove 12, two slide bars 80 are hinged to one side of the filling block 8 close to the positioning block 13, the slide bars 80 can rotate up and down along a vertical plane corresponding to the position of the slide rail 7, the other ends of the two slide bars 80 are slidably connected with the slide rail 7, a recessed accommodating groove 81 is formed in the top end surface of the filling block 8, two elastic grooves 82 are formed in the bottom surface of the accommodating groove 81 at intervals, the two elastic grooves 82 are formed in the width direction of the bed plate 2 at intervals, each elastic groove 82 is formed in the length direction of the bed plate 2, at least one first spring 94 is arranged on the bottom surface of the accommodating groove 12 in the depth direction, and the free end of the first spring 94 is fixedly connected with one end of the filling block 8 close to the first spring 94;
the elastic part 9 comprises at least two second springs 90, a pressing plate 91 and a plurality of telescopic rods 92, wherein the bottom ends of the second springs 90 are fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of each elastic groove 82, the top ends of the second springs 90 are fixedly connected with the pressing plate 91, the pressing plate 91 is horizontally arranged, the telescopic rods 92 can shorten under the action of external force, the telescopic rods 92 are coaxially arranged in the second springs 90 in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the bottom end of each telescopic rod 92 is fixedly connected with the bottom surface of each elastic groove 82, and the top end of each telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the pressing plate 91;
the supporting plate 93 is arranged on the top surface of the pressing plate 91 in a sliding manner along the width direction of the bed board 2, can move towards the bottom surface of the accommodating groove 12 to partially slide out of the pressing plate 91, and cannot move continuously when moving away from the bottom surface of the accommodating groove 12 to be positioned right above the pressing plate 91;
when the sliding rod 80 slides to be located at the first positioning 72, one end face of the filling block 8 far away from the positioning block 13 is flush with the side face of the bed plate 2, the supporting plate 93 is located in the accommodating groove 81, the top face of the supporting plate is abutted to the top face of the accommodating groove 12, the filling block 8 is pressed, the free end of the sliding rod 80 moves towards the bottom face of the accommodating groove 12 to be abutted to the side wall of the extrusion track 71, the pressing is continued until the free end of the sliding rod 80 is abutted to the farthest end of the extrusion track 71 far away from the filling speed, the pressing is stopped, the first spring 94 pushes the filling block 8 to enable the sliding rod 80 to slide to the second positioning 73 along the extrusion track 71, at this time, the elastic part 9 and the supporting plate 93 are not located in the accommodating groove 12, but the filling block 8 is still partially located in the accommodating groove 12, the second spring 90 drives the telescopic rod 92 to, so that the pressing plate 91 moves upwards to drive the supporting plate 93 to move upwards, the bottom surface of the supporting plate 93 is higher than the bed plate 2, the supporting plate 93 is slid to move towards the bed plate 2, a placing rack for the front arms of a patient is formed, and the specific distance of the upward movement of the supporting plate 93 can be regulated and controlled according to actual requirements; when needs lie flat and accomodate forearm support piece, backup pad 93 orientation is kept away from holding tank 12 bottom surface moves to being located directly over clamp plate 91, press down backup pad 93 to backup pad 93 and accomodate in storage tank 81 under the countryside, press the clutch block 8, slide bar 80 free end moves towards holding tank 12 bottom surface and presses into track 70 lateral wall butt, continues to press down to slide bar 80 free end with press into track 70 and stop pressing from the most distal end butt that fills soon apart from pressing into track 70, first spring 94 promotes clutch block 8, so that slide bar 80 slides to first two location along pressing into track 70. In above-mentioned technical scheme, holding tank 12 is not less than 30cm along 2 length direction's of bed board length direction, backup pad 93 is followed 2 width direction's of bed board length is not less than 10cm, adopts this kind of scheme, provides hand support piece when patient sits through holding tank 12, the one-way closed circuit of class heart-shaped, cooperation forearm support piece's setting, simultaneously, accomodates the use that does not influence the bed fast when lying.
In another technical solution, the thickness of the positioning block 13, the distance between two adjacent positioning blocks 13, and the distance from another positioning block 13 to the side surface of the accommodating groove 12 are equal along the width direction of the bed plate 2. By adopting the scheme, the stability of the device is improved.
In another embodiment, there are two second springs 90, wherein one second spring 90 is located between two adjacent positioning blocks 13, and the other second spring 90 is located between the other positioning block 13 and the sidewall of the receiving groove 12. By adopting the scheme, the stress stability of the device is improved.
In another technical scheme, not shown in the figure, foldable lifting guardrails are arranged on two sides of a bed plate 2, when the foldable lifting guardrails are folded and stored, the use of a forearm supporting piece is not influenced, a positioning barrel for inserting an infusion support is arranged on the side surface of the bed body 1, the positioning barrel is matched and positioned with the bottom end of the common infusion support in a hospital, a hook is arranged below the side surface of the bed body, a drainage bag and the like are conveniently hung on a patient, a storable dinning plate assembly is arranged on one side, close to a bed surface, of a bed tail baffle plate 11 for the patient to have meals during treatment and sitting, the dinning plate assembly specifically comprises a dinning plate with one end hinged with the bed tail baffle plate 11, at least two supporting rods hinged with the bed tail baffle plate 11, a groove body matched with the free ends of the supporting rods are arranged at the bottom end of the dinning plate, when the free ends of the supporting rods are, the dinning board is attached to the bed board under the action of self gravity.
The number of apparatuses and the scale of the process described herein are intended to simplify the description of the present invention. Applications, modifications and variations of the multifunctional hemodialysis treatment specific bed of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
While embodiments of the invention have been described above, it is not limited to the applications set forth in the description and the embodiments, which are fully applicable in various fields of endeavor to which the invention pertains, and further modifications may readily be made by those skilled in the art, it being understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described herein without departing from the general concept defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (4)

1. Special bed of multi-functional hemodialysis treatment, its characterized in that includes:
the bed body is a cuboid box body with an opening at the top end;
a bed board which is fixedly arranged on the top surface of the bed body and covers the opening on the top surface of the bed body, one end of the top surface of the bed board is sunken with a rectangular groove, the other end of the top surface of the bed board is penetrated with a rectangular hole, the four edges of the rectangular groove and the four edges of the rectangular hole are respectively parallel to the four edges of the bed board, the distance between each side of the rectangular groove and the corresponding side of the bed plate parallel to the rectangular groove and the distance between each side of the rectangular hole and the corresponding side of the bed plate parallel to the rectangular groove are equal and 3-4cm, wherein the non-hinged edge of the bottom surface of the rectangular hole is upwards sunken to form a U-shaped upper resisting part, one side of the rectangular hole close to the rectangular groove is hinged with a lower body plate, the lower body plate is matched with the upper resisting part to form a lower resisting part, when the upper resisting part and the lower resisting part are in butt joint, the upper resisting part and the lower resisting part are fixed through bolts, and the top surface of the lower body plate is flush with the top surface of the bed plate;
the upper body plate is matched with the rectangular groove, one side of the upper body plate, which is close to the rectangular hole, is hinged with the side wall of the rectangular groove, two slideways are arranged on the upper body plate at intervals along the width direction of the bed plate, the slideways are arranged along the length direction of the bed plate, the bed plate is provided with two guide holes in a penetrating manner, the two guide holes are respectively positioned under the two slideways, and the guide holes are positioned at one end, which is close to the rectangular hole, of the slideways;
elevating system, it includes and follows the bed board width direction locates the location strip piece of bed body bottom surface, the sunken two constant head tanks that are equipped with of location strip piece top surface, two constant head tanks are located under two guiding holes respectively, rotatably insert in every constant head tank and establish a rotary rod, the swivel housing is established to coaxial cover on the rotary rod, every swivel housing top is equipped with the slider that the slide matches, the top of two swivel housings is vertical respectively to pass corresponding guiding hole to make the slider match to be located in corresponding slide, the horizontal interface of guiding hole with the horizontal cross-section of swivel housing periphery matches, just the guiding hole reaches the horizontal cross-section of swivel housing periphery all is not circular, wherein, the periphery of rotary rod has the external screw thread, swivel housing bottom have with the internal thread that the external screw thread matches, so that the swivel housing with rotary rod threaded connection, a belt pulley is coaxially sleeved on each rotary rod, the two belt pulleys are connected through a belt, the belt pulley is positioned below the external thread of the corresponding rotary rod, one rotary rod is coaxially and fixedly connected with a worm wheel, the worm wheel is positioned below the corresponding belt pulley, the worm wheel is connected with a worm, one end of the worm is rotatably erected in the bed body, and the other end of the worm is rotatably connected with one end of the bed body along the length direction;
the handle comprises a connecting rod and a holding rod which is fixedly connected with the end part of the connecting rod in an L shape, the connecting rod comprises a rotating part and a driving part which are sequentially arranged along the direction far away from the holding rod, the longitudinal section of the rotating part is circular, the longitudinal section of the driving part is rectangular, the radius of an inscribed circle of the driving part is equal to the radius of the longitudinal section of the rotating part, one side of the holding rod, which is close to the section of the bed body, is vertically and fixedly connected with an inserted bar, the side surface of the bed body is provided with a positioning hole matched with the inserted bar, the connecting part of the side wall of the bed body and the worm penetrates through the through hole, the end surface of the worm is sunken and is communicated;
the bed plate is provided with an accommodating groove along one side in the width direction, the accommodating groove is positioned between the rectangular groove and the rectangular hole, the distance from the accommodating groove to the rectangular groove is 7cm, the bottom end of the accommodating groove is fixedly provided with two positioning blocks at intervals along the length direction of the bed plate, one side of one positioning block along the length direction of the bed plate is fixedly connected with the side surface of the accommodating groove, the other side surface of the positioning block and the corresponding side surface of the other positioning block are respectively provided with a sliding track, each sliding track comprises an arc-shaped press-in track and an arc-shaped press-out track, the press-in track is communicated with the two ends of the press-out track to form a heart-like one-way closed loop, the joint of the press-in track and the press-out track, which is close to the;
still include, forearm support piece, it includes:
the filling block is matched with the containing groove and is arranged in the containing groove in a sliding mode, one side, close to the positioning block, of the filling block is hinged with two sliding rods, the other ends of the two sliding rods are connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode, the top end of the filling block is provided with the containing groove in a recessed mode, the bottom surface of the containing groove is provided with two elastic grooves at intervals, the two elastic grooves are arranged along the width direction of the bed board at intervals, each elastic groove is arranged along the length direction of the bed board, at least one first spring is arranged on the bottom surface of the containing groove along the depth direction of the bottom surface of the containing groove, and the free end of the first spring is fixedly connected with one end, close to;
the elastic piece comprises at least two second springs, a pressing plate and a plurality of telescopic rods, wherein the bottom ends of the second springs are fixedly arranged on the bottom surface of each elastic groove;
the supporting plate is arranged on the top surface of the pressing plate in a sliding manner along the width direction of the bed plate;
when the sliding rod slides to a first position, one end face, far away from the positioning block, of the filling block is flush with the side face of the bed board, the supporting plate is located in the accommodating groove, the top face of the supporting plate is abutted to the top face of the accommodating groove, the filling block is pressed, the first spring pushes the filling block, so that when the sliding rod slides to a second position along the extrusion track, the second spring drives the telescopic rod to extend to the longest length, the bottom face of the supporting plate is higher than the bed board, and the supporting plate is slid to move towards the bed board;
baffles are arranged on the top surfaces of two ends of the bed board in the length direction, the baffles are vertically arranged, and the length of the baffles in the width direction of the bed board is equal to the width of the bed board;
the thickness of the positioning block, the distance between two adjacent positioning blocks and the distance between the other positioning block and the side face of the accommodating groove are equal along the width direction of the bed board.
2. The multifunctional special purpose bed for hemodialysis treatment of claim 1, wherein universal wheels are provided at four corners of the bottom end of the bed body.
3. The multifunctional bed for hemodialysis treatment of claim 1, wherein the length of the rectangular groove along the length direction of the bed board is 80-100cm, the distance between the rectangular groove and the rectangular hole along the length direction of the bed board is 40cm, the length of the rectangular hole along the length direction of the bed board is 60cm, and the angle between the lower stopping part and the horizontal plane is 45-60 degrees after the bolts connecting the upper stopping part and the lower stopping part are removed.
4. The multifunctional bed for hemodialysis treatment of claim 2, wherein the number of the second springs is two, one of the second springs is located between two adjacent positioning blocks, and the other second spring is located between the other positioning block and the sidewall of the receiving groove.
CN201811613129.4A 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 Multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment Active CN109431712B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811613129.4A CN109431712B (en) 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 Multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811613129.4A CN109431712B (en) 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 Multifunctional special bed for hemodialysis treatment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201178801Y (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-01-14 东莞迪信家具厂有限公司 Pull type tabletop
CN202740024U (en) * 2012-07-04 2013-02-20 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Ultrasonic examination bed for obstetrics and gynecology department
CN204446392U (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-07-08 浙江源创电子科技有限公司 A kind of multi-functional nursing bed
CN106726249A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 吴燕梅 A kind of care bed
CN107374869A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-11-24 郑州郑先医药科技有限公司 It is multifunctional medical nursing bed
CN107822367A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-03-23 深圳市奇思妙想教育科技有限公司 A kind of telescopic bed with arousal function

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