CN109430931B - Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch - Google Patents

Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109430931B
CN109430931B CN201811332120.6A CN201811332120A CN109430931B CN 109430931 B CN109430931 B CN 109430931B CN 201811332120 A CN201811332120 A CN 201811332120A CN 109430931 B CN109430931 B CN 109430931B
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China
Prior art keywords
contact
tobacco leaf
telescopic motor
rod
telescopic
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CN201811332120.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109430931A (en
Inventor
方祥杰
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Individual
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24CMACHINES FOR MAKING CIGARS OR CIGARETTES
    • A24C5/00Making cigarettes; Making tipping materials for, or attaching filters or mouthpieces to, cigars or cigarettes
    • A24C5/39Tobacco feeding devices
    • A24C5/399Component parts or details, e.g. feed roller, feed belt

Abstract

The utility model provides an anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch, can accomplish the effect of dividing the material when the tobacco leaf normal flow, when the tobacco leaf is large-traffic to come, the tobacco leaf divides the flitch can automatically regulated, can not only better divide the material, but also can avoid the condition of putty to take place, when the tobacco leaf vanning station because during special circumstances putty, also can play certain putty mediation effect.

Description

Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch
Technical Field
The invention relates to an anti-blocking tobacco leaf material distributing plate, which is used for controlling the uniform distribution of tobacco leaves at a feed opening of redried tobacco leaves in the tobacco redrying industry.
Background
The tobacco leaves are sent to a tobacco leaf redrying plant for processing, the redried tobacco leaves enter a tobacco leaf boxing station for boxing and prepressing, the tobacco leaves are sent to the tobacco leaf boxing station by a feeding belt and fall on a reciprocating belt, then the tobacco leaves are respectively sent into falling channels on the left side and the right side for boxing by the reciprocating motion of the reciprocating belt, when the tobacco leaves fall onto the reciprocating belt from the feeding belt, in the process, a tobacco leaf distributing plate is additionally arranged in the falling process in a conventional method, so that the tobacco leaves falling onto the reciprocating belt are uniform, for example, the preparation method of the tobacco leaf distributing plate provided by patent No. 201410118647.4 describes the tobacco leaf distributing plate, in the actual production, the tobacco leaf distributing plate provided by the method has good effect under the conditions of normal production flow and stable tobacco leaf incoming material through observation, but under the abnormal conditions, for example, when large-flow tobacco leaves are conveyed from a feeding belt, the tobacco leaf distributing plate installed in actual production cannot be automatically adjusted, so that the tobacco leaves are easy to block in a tobacco leaf boxing station, the production is forcibly suspended, and loss is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problem that the current tobacco leaf material distributing plate is easy to cause material blockage when a large flow of tobacco leaves on a feeding belt is conveyed, the invention provides the material-blockage-preventing tobacco leaf material distributing plate.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problem is as follows: two telescopic motors are respectively arranged on the side wall of a tobacco leaf reciprocating channel from top to bottom below a feeding belt in a tobacco leaf packing station, the two telescopic motors are respectively named as an upper telescopic motor and a lower telescopic motor, the upper telescopic motor is horizontally arranged, the telescopic distance of the telescopic rod is between 10 and 40 centimeters, a horizontal fixed rod is arranged below the upper telescopic motor, one end of the fixed rod is connected with the side wall, the other end of the fixed rod is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is connected with a tobacco leaf distributing plate which can rotate along the rotating shaft, a lower telescopic motor is arranged below the fixed rod and is horizontally arranged, the telescopic distance of the telescopic rod is between 20 and 60 centimeters, the top end of the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor is connected with a contact head which is vertical to the telescopic rod and is called as a lower contact head, and the lower contact head consists of a contact rod and a contact surface, a contact head is also arranged right above the lower contact head, which is called as an upper contact head and also consists of a contact rod and a contact surface, the contact rod of the upper contact head is connected with the tobacco leaf distributing plate, the contact surfaces of the upper contact head and the lower contact head are made of conductive materials, the contact rod is made of non-conductive materials, the distance between the upper contact head and the lower contact head can be adjusted by adjusting the connecting position of the contact rod of the lower contact head and the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor, an elastic module is arranged between the lower contact head and the lower telescopic motor, when the tobacco leaf distributing plate is pressed downwards under the gravity action of tobacco leaves, the elastic module can deform and respectively connect the contact signals of the upper contact head and the lower contact head, the control lines of the upper telescopic motor and the lower telescopic motor into a controller, when the upper contact head and the lower contact head are contacted, the controller sends out a command to enable the lower telescopic motor to contract until the upper contact head and the lower contact head are, if the upper contact head and the lower contact head are not contacted any more after a period of time, the controller sends a command to extend the lower telescopic motor to extend the telescopic rod to a position before the telescopic rod is contracted, and after the lower telescopic motor is completely contracted, the upper contact head and the lower contact head are still contacted to indicate that the situation of material blockage exists in the tobacco leaf boxing station, the controller sends a command to extend the telescopic rod of the upper telescopic motor to clear the material blockage.
The principle of the invention is as follows: when the tobacco leaf flow that the pay-off belt sent is great, the tobacco leaf on the tobacco leaf divides the flitch will be more, and the elasticity module below the tobacco leaf divides the flitch of compression makes its shrink, and then makes upper and lower contact, and the controller will be transmitted to the decline signal of tobacco leaf branch flitch like this, and the controller then withdraws branch flitch through flexible motor down, and the space of increase tobacco leaf in the tobacco leaf comes and goes the passageway to reach the condition emergence that prevents the putty.
The invention has the advantages that the material is not blocked, the angle of the material distributing plate can be automatically adjusted, and the good material distributing effect can still be achieved when the flow rate of the tobacco leaves is high.
Drawings
Figure 1 is a diagram of the effect of the installation in a tobacco leaf boxing station using the present invention.
Figure 2 is a detail view of the fabricated tobacco dispensing sheet.
In the figure, 1 is a feeding belt, 2 is an upper telescopic motor, 3 is a rotating shaft, 4 is a fixing rod, 5 is a tobacco leaf distributing plate, 6 is an upper contact head, 7 is a contact surface of a lower contact head, 8 is a contact rod of the lower contact head, 9 is an elastic module, 10 is a telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor, 11 is a lower telescopic motor, 12 is a side wall of a reciprocating channel, and 13 is a tobacco leaf reciprocating channel.
Detailed Description
Two telescopic motors which are respectively named as an upper telescopic motor and a lower telescopic motor are respectively arranged below a feeding belt in a tobacco leaf packing station and on the side wall of a reciprocating channel from top to bottom, as shown in 2 and 11 in figure 2, the telescopic motors can be servo motors or stepping motors and the like with a positioning function, the upper telescopic motor is horizontally arranged, the extensible distance of a telescopic rod is between 10 and 40 centimeters, a horizontal fixing rod is arranged below the upper telescopic motor, one end of the fixing rod is connected with the side wall, the other end of the fixing rod is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is connected with a tobacco leaf distributing plate which can rotate along the rotating shaft, the lower part of the fixing rod is provided with the lower telescopic motor, the lower telescopic motor is horizontally arranged, the extensible distance of the telescopic rod is between 20 and 60 centimeters, and the upper telescopic motor, the lower telescopic motor and the fixing rod are arranged below the fixing rod, the contact rod can be welded on the side wall or fixed by a bolt and the like through punching on the side wall, the top end of the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor is connected with a contact head which is perpendicular to the telescopic rod and is called a lower contact, the lower contact consists of a contact rod and a contact surface, the contact rod of the lower contact is fixed with the top end of the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor through a buckle, a clamp or a bolt and the like without being welded, so that the contact head can vertically adjust the positions of the contact rod of the lower contact and the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor during equipment maintenance to adjust the vertical height of the contact surface of the lower contact, a contact head is also arranged right above the lower contact head and is called an upper contact head which also consists of the contact rod and the contact surface, wherein the contact rod is connected with the tobacco leaf distributing plate, the contact surfaces of the upper contact head and the lower contact head are all made of conductive materials, the contact rod is not conductive, and is arranged between the lower contact, an elastic module is arranged and can be made of materials such as a spring, when the tobacco leaf distributing plate is pressed downwards under the action of tobacco leaves, the elastic module can deform, a controller is arranged at the bottom, the side face or the vicinity of the tobacco leaf reciprocating channel, the controller can select a PLC (programmable logic controller) or a singlechip and other equipment, contact signals of the upper contact and the lower contact, an upper telescopic motor and a lower telescopic motor are respectively connected into the controller through leads, when the controller is normally used, the controller controls the lower telescopic motor to extend out a telescopic rod to a proper length according to the requirements of actual conditions, when the upper contact and the lower contact are contacted, the controller sends a command to enable the lower telescopic motor to contract until the upper contact and the lower contact are not contacted, if the upper contact and the lower contact are not contacted within 20 seconds to 100 seconds after a period of time, the controller sends a command to enable the lower telescopic motor to extend out, the telescopic rod is extended to the position before the telescopic rod contracts, when the telescopic motor completely contracts the telescopic rod and the upper contact and the lower contact are still in contact, the controller sends out a command at the moment, and the telescopic rod of the upper telescopic motor is extended out to clear away the blocking materials.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides an anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch for in redrying trade, tobacco leaf vanning station tobacco leaf divides the material to use, characterized by: two telescopic motors are respectively arranged on the side wall of a tobacco leaf reciprocating channel from top to bottom below a feeding belt in a tobacco leaf boxing station, the two telescopic motors are respectively named as an upper telescopic motor and a lower telescopic motor, the upper telescopic motor is horizontally arranged, a horizontal fixed rod is arranged below the upper telescopic motor, one end of the fixed rod is connected with the side wall, the other end of the fixed rod is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is connected with a tobacco leaf distributing plate, a lower telescopic motor is arranged below the fixed rod and is horizontally arranged, the top end of a telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor is connected with a contact head vertical to the telescopic rod, the contact head is called as a lower contact head, the lower contact head consists of a contact rod and a contact surface, the contact rod of the upper contact head is connected with the tobacco leaf distributing plate, the contact surfaces of the upper contact and the lower contact are made of conductive materials, the contact rod is made of non-conductive materials, the distance between the upper contact and the lower contact can be adjusted by adjusting the connecting position of the contact rod of the lower contact and the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor, an elastic module is arranged between the lower contact and the lower telescopic motor, the contact signals of the upper contact and the lower contact, the control lines of the upper telescopic motor and the lower telescopic motor are respectively connected to the controller, when the upper contact and the lower contact are contacted, the controller sends a command to lead the lower telescopic motor to contract until the upper contact and the lower contact are not contacted, if the upper contact and the lower contact are not contacted any more after a period of time, the controller sends a command to lead the lower telescopic motor to extend out, so that the telescopic rod extends to the position before contraction, after the lower telescopic motor completely contracts, the upper contact and the lower contact are still contacted, the controller sends a command, and (5) extending the telescopic rod of the upper telescopic motor to remove the blocking materials.
2. The anti-blocking tobacco leaf material separating plate according to claim 1, characterized in that: the telescopic rod of the upper telescopic motor can be extended by 10-40 cm, and the telescopic rod of the lower telescopic motor can be extended by 20-60 cm.
3. The anti-blocking tobacco leaf material separating plate according to claim 1, characterized in that: the period of time ranges from 20 seconds to 100 seconds.
CN201811332120.6A 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch Active CN109430931B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811332120.6A CN109430931B (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811332120.6A CN109430931B (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109430931A CN109430931A (en) 2019-03-08
CN109430931B true CN109430931B (en) 2021-06-18

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201811332120.6A Active CN109430931B (en) 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 Anti-blocking tobacco leaf divides flitch

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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3989199A (en) * 1974-04-08 1976-11-02 G. D. Societa Per Azioni Apparatus with a rotatable head for supplying cigarettes to the infeed hoppers on high speed cigarette packeting machines
US5494150A (en) * 1994-06-10 1996-02-27 Alberta Energy Company Ltd. Conveyor belt system with shock-absorbing belt side travel control means
JP2000313518A (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-11-14 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Belt conveyor device
CN201358082Y (en) * 2009-02-13 2009-12-09 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Spread type deflector device of belt conveyor
CN202063538U (en) * 2011-05-03 2011-12-07 勐海茶业有限责任公司 Storing and separating device capable of enabling tea blanking to be even
CN103256617A (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-08-21 南京理工大学 Automatic material dividing device with anti-blocking function
JP2015189577A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-11-02 パンパシフィック・カッパー株式会社 Feeding device
CN204737429U (en) * 2015-06-06 2015-11-04 安徽的丰管业有限公司 Automatic device of getting pipe in follow PVC pipe support
CN205962806U (en) * 2016-06-22 2017-02-22 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 It rejects anti -blocking device to be used for containing stalk tobacco leaf
CN207061356U (en) * 2017-06-15 2018-03-02 武钢集团昆明钢铁股份有限公司 A kind of feeding-distribution device of Anti-blockage
CN108380491A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-08-10 新乡市东振机械制造有限公司 A kind of spray straight line shaker

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3989199A (en) * 1974-04-08 1976-11-02 G. D. Societa Per Azioni Apparatus with a rotatable head for supplying cigarettes to the infeed hoppers on high speed cigarette packeting machines
US5494150A (en) * 1994-06-10 1996-02-27 Alberta Energy Company Ltd. Conveyor belt system with shock-absorbing belt side travel control means
JP2000313518A (en) * 1999-04-27 2000-11-14 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Belt conveyor device
CN201358082Y (en) * 2009-02-13 2009-12-09 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Spread type deflector device of belt conveyor
CN202063538U (en) * 2011-05-03 2011-12-07 勐海茶业有限责任公司 Storing and separating device capable of enabling tea blanking to be even
CN103256617A (en) * 2013-05-23 2013-08-21 南京理工大学 Automatic material dividing device with anti-blocking function
JP2015189577A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-11-02 パンパシフィック・カッパー株式会社 Feeding device
CN204737429U (en) * 2015-06-06 2015-11-04 安徽的丰管业有限公司 Automatic device of getting pipe in follow PVC pipe support
CN205962806U (en) * 2016-06-22 2017-02-22 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 It rejects anti -blocking device to be used for containing stalk tobacco leaf
CN207061356U (en) * 2017-06-15 2018-03-02 武钢集团昆明钢铁股份有限公司 A kind of feeding-distribution device of Anti-blockage
CN108380491A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-08-10 新乡市东振机械制造有限公司 A kind of spray straight line shaker

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