Anti-collision pipeline transportation device
The invention relates to the technical field of transportation equipment, in particular to an anti-collision pipeline transportation device.
A pipeline is a device for transporting a gas, liquid or fluid with solid particles, connected by pipes, pipe couplings, valves, etc. The pipeline is widely applied to multiple industries and fields due to the unique characteristics of the pipeline. The use of pipelines is very widespread, mainly in water supply, drainage, heating, gas supply, long-distance oil and gas delivery, agricultural irrigation, hydraulic engineering and various industrial installations.
When transporting the pipeline, all stack the pipeline on haulage vehicle usually, then fasten all pipelines with the rope, but in the transportation, the situation that rocks can inevitably appear in the vehicle, cause the pipeline to jolt, and the pipeline is when jolting, also cause certain impact to the baffle, this damage situation appears just easily, pipeline transportation's stability has been reduced, and when pipeline transportation, the diameter of pipeline respectively has the difference, still need select again in loading and unloading, it is troublesome to have caused for subsequent use, waste time and energy, staff's burden has been increased.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide an anti-collision pipeline transportation device to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an anti-collision pipeline transportation device, after a pipeline is placed on the surface of a placing sheet, the placing sheet presses a first spring downwards through a connecting frame, the placing sheet drives a connecting block to press downwards through a pull rod, at the moment, the connecting block drives a support plate to press the surface of a lower pressing plate through an upper pressing wheel, the lower pressing plate drives a movable frame to generate an extrusion effect on a second spring through a pressing rod under the pressure of the upper pressing wheel, and a pull rope enhances the elasticity of the second spring, so that the first spring, the second spring and the pull rope play a role in shock absorption when the pipeline shakes, and the stability of the pipeline is enhanced; when the pipeline jolts, the pipeline can produce certain impact to the baffle unavoidably, baffle and extension board fixed connection, and the extension board is connected with the connecting block by the hinge, so the extension board can produce certain rotation, and at this moment the extension board drives the compression of elastic force pole or tensile third spring, and the third spring produces the elastic force effect, and then reduces the pipeline to the partial impact force of baffle to the protection pipeline reduces the damage, improves the security of pipeline in the transportation.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
the utility model provides an anticollision pipeline transportation device, includes the shell, the shell below is equipped with the support, be equipped with first buffer and second buffer on the shell, be equipped with first spring and second spring in first buffer and the second buffer respectively, the shell bottom is equipped with the holding down plate, the holding down plate with the second spring links to each other, the holding down plate top is equipped with the pinch roller, the holding down plate have with last pinch roller complex inclined plane, it is connected with the extension board to go up the pinch roller top, the extension board articulates there is the connecting block, extension board top rigid coupling has the baffle, the connecting block both ends are connected with places the piece, the one end of placing the piece with first spring links to each other.
Preferably, the surface of the support is provided with a roller, and two sides of the roller are provided with limit rings.
Preferably, the shell top is equipped with presses the rope, the shell top surface is equipped with the anchorage bar, the anchorage bar sets up as an organic whole with the shell, press the rope to make by rubber materials, press the rope both ends all to cup joint with the anchorage bar, press the rope to correspond with the baffle and place.
Preferably, the second buffer device comprises a pressing rod, a movable frame is arranged at one end of the pressing rod, one end of the movable frame is connected with the second spring, the other end of the second spring is connected with the inner wall of the shell, and pull ropes are arranged at the top and the bottom of the pressing rod.
Preferably, the pull rope is made of rubber materials, the movable frame is connected with the inner wall of the shell through the pull rope, and the movable frame is connected with the lower pressing plate through the pressing rod.
Preferably, the first buffer device comprises a connecting frame, a connecting rod is arranged at the top end of the connecting frame, the bottom of the connecting frame is connected with the first spring, sliding grooves are formed in two sides of the first spring, and two ends of the connecting frame are connected with the sliding grooves in a sliding mode.
Preferably, the number of the lower pressing plates is two, the cross section of each lower pressing plate is trapezoidal, and the top surface of each lower pressing plate is an arc surface.
Preferably, the inside of the placing sheet is provided with three fastening lines, the number of the placing sheets is three, the fastening lines are steel strands, and the other ends of the placing sheets are sleeved with the connecting rods at the top ends of the connecting frames.
Preferably, the number of the connecting blocks is two, a pull rod is arranged in each connecting block, and one side of each pull rod is connected with the placing piece.
Preferably, the number of the upper pinch wheels is two, an elastic rod is arranged between the two upper pinch wheels, and a third spring is arranged on the elastic rod.
The invention has the technical effects and advantages that:
1. according to the pipeline protection device, the first buffer device is arranged, when a pipeline is transported, the shell can inevitably shake, the placing piece drives the connecting frame to slide in the sliding groove through the connecting rod at the top end of the connecting frame and simultaneously generates an extrusion effect on the first spring, when the pipeline floats upwards, the elastic force of the first spring rebounds to drive the placing piece to contact the bottom of the pipeline through the connecting frame, so that the degree of pipeline bumping is reduced, the pipeline protection effect is achieved, and the placing piece can be pulled by the pull rod to avoid random shaking of the placing piece;
2. according to the invention, the second buffer device is arranged, after the pipeline is placed on the surface of the placing sheet, the placing sheet drives the connecting block to press downwards through the pull rod, at the moment, the connecting block drives the supporting plate to press the surface of the lower pressing plate through the upper pressing wheel, the lower pressing plate drives the movable frame to generate an extrusion effect on the second spring through the pressing rod under the pressure of the upper pressing wheel, and the pull rope enhances the elasticity of the second spring, so that when the pipeline shakes, the second spring and the pull rope also play a role in damping, and act on the pipeline together with the first spring, thereby enhancing the damping effect. When the pipeline bumps, the pipeline inevitably generates certain impact on the partition plate, the partition plate is fixedly connected with the support plate, and the support plate is hinged with the connecting block, so that the support plate can generate certain rotation, the support plate drives the elastic rod to compress or stretch the third spring, and the third spring generates an elastic action, so that partial impact force of the pipeline on the partition plate is reduced, the pipeline is protected, damage is reduced, and the safety of the pipeline in the transportation process is improved;
3. according to the pipeline transportation device, the pressing ropes are arranged, before pipeline transportation, the pipelines are classified according to the inner diameters of the pipelines, then the pressing ropes are pulled, then the pipelines with the same inner diameter are placed on the top of the same placing piece, the partition plate can prevent the pipelines of different types from being mixed together, after the pipelines are placed, the pressing ropes are loosened, so that the pressing ropes are tightly attached to the surfaces of the pipelines, the fastening effect on the pipelines is achieved, then the shell moves through the rollers, the pipeline transportation effect is achieved, the pipelines can swing up and down when the shell shakes, the pressing ropes avoid lifting of the pipelines, and the partitions of the pipelines are increased by the partition plate, so that the pipelines of different types are prevented from being mixed with one another, and convenience is provided for subsequent work.
FIG. 1 is a schematic overall sectional structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial structural view of a connecting block according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the portion B of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
description of reference numerals:
the device comprises a shell 1, a support 2, rollers 3, a limiting ring 4, a lower pressing plate 5, an upper pressing wheel 6, a second buffer device 7, a supporting plate 8, a connecting block 9, a pull rod 10, a placing piece 11, a partition plate 12, a connecting frame 13, a first spring 14, a sliding chute 15, a pressing rope 16, a fastening rod 17, a pressing rod 18, a movable frame 19, a second spring 20, a pulling rope 21, a fastening wire 22, a third spring 23, a connecting rod 24, a first buffer device 25 and an elastic rod 26.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The invention provides an anti-collision pipeline transportation device as shown in figures 1-3, which comprises a shell 1, wherein a bracket 2 is arranged at the bottom of the shell 1, rollers 3 are arranged on the surface of the bracket 2, limiting rings 4 are arranged on two sides of each roller 3, the limiting rings 4 can limit the change of the positions of the rollers 3, a lower pressing plate 5 is arranged at the bottom of the inner side of the shell 1, upper pressing wheels 6 are arranged at the top of the lower pressing plate 5, the number of the upper pressing wheels 6 is two, the upper pressing wheels 6 can roll on the inclined surface of the lower pressing plate 5, advantageously, the inclined surface of the lower pressing plate 5 can be arc-shaped, a second buffer device 7 is connected to the outer side of the lower pressing plate 5, the second buffer device 7 is connected to the inner wall of the shell 1, a support plate 8 is arranged at the top of the upper pressing wheels 6, the support plate 8 is hinged with a connecting block 9, a partition plate 12 is, place the piece 11 other end and be connected with first buffer 25, first buffer 25 is including link 13, wherein link 13 bottom links to each other with first spring 14, first spring 14 both sides all are equipped with spout 15, advantageously, link 13 both ends all with spout 15 sliding connection, link 13 top links to each other with connecting rod 24 bottom, place the piece 11 other end and link to each other with connecting rod 24 on link 13 top, can make link 13 reciprocate at spout 15 internal stability, also increase simultaneously and place piece 11 buffering effect.
The top of the shell 1 is provided with a pressing rope 16, the top surface of the shell 1 is provided with a fastening rod 17, the fastening rod 17 can stabilize the pressing rope 16, the pressing rope 16 can be replaced, the strength of the pressing rope 16 is changed according to different pipeline types, and normal transportation of pipelines is guaranteed.
Before the pipeline transportation, thereby classify the pipeline according to the internal diameter of pipeline, then 16 are pressed in the pulling, then place same 11 tops of piece of placing with the pipeline of same internal diameter, baffle 12 can avoid different kinds of pipeline to mix together, reduce follow-up staff's working strength, wait for the pipeline to place the back, then loosen and press 16 ropes, thereby 16 are hugged closely to the pipeline surface to press the rope, reach the fastening effect to the pipeline, then casing 1 moves through gyro wheel 3, reach the transportation effect of pipeline.
According to the attached drawing 4, the second buffer device 7 comprises a pressing rod 18, a movable frame 19 is arranged at one end of the pressing rod 18, a second spring 20 is arranged on one side of the movable frame 19, pull ropes 21 are arranged at the top and the bottom of the pressing rod 18, and the elasticity of the second spring 20 is enhanced by the pull ropes 21, so that when the pipeline shakes, the elastic force of the second spring 20 and the pull ropes 21 can drive the lower pressing plate 5 to move left and right, the second spring 20 and the pull ropes 21 also play a role in damping, and act on the pipeline together with the first spring 14, so that the damping effect is enhanced.
The pull rope 21 is made of rubber materials, the movable frame 19 is connected with the inner wall of the shell 1 through the pull rope 21, the movable frame 19 is welded with the lower pressing plate 5 through the pressing rod 18, and the movable effect of the upper pressing wheel 6 is also improved while the lower pressing plate 5 is ensured to move left and right.
According to the attached drawing 3, the inside fastening line 22 that is equipped with of piece 11 is placed, it sets up to three to place piece 11 quantity, fastening line 22 sets up to the steel strand wires, it cup joints with pull rod 10 to place 11 one end of piece, the establishment of the steel strand wires of placing the inside fastening line 22 of piece 11 has increased the intensity of placing piece 11, thereby can support the pipeline, the weight messenger that can avoid the pipeline places piece 11 and warp, when the increase is placed piece 11 intensity, the support intensity of placing piece 11 has also been guaranteed.
According to the attached drawing 1, the fastening rod 17 and the shell 1 are arranged into a whole, the pressing rope 16 is made of rubber materials, two ends of the pressing rope 16 are sleeved with the fastening rod 17, the pressing rope 16 is placed corresponding to the partition plate 12, the pressing rope 16 is loosened, so that the pressing rope 16 is tightly attached to the surface of a pipeline, the fastening effect on the pipeline is achieved, and then the shell 1 moves through the idler wheels 3 to achieve the transportation effect of the pipeline.
The number of the lower pressing plates 5 is two, the cross section of each lower pressing plate 5 can be trapezoidal, the top surface of each lower pressing plate 5 is a cambered surface, and the elastic force of the second springs 20 and the pull ropes 21 can drive the lower pressing plates 5 to move left and right, so that the shockproof effect of the pipeline is improved; when the pipeline jolts, the pipeline inevitably can produce certain impact to baffle 12, baffle 12 and extension board 8 fixed connection, and extension board 8 is the hinge with connecting block 9, so extension board 8 can produce certain rotation, and at this moment extension board 8 drives elastic rod 26 compression or tensile third spring 23, and third spring 23 produces the elastic force effect, and then reduces the pipeline to the partial impact force of baffle 12 to the protection pipeline reduces the damage, increases the security in the pipeline transportation process.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.