CN109380068A - One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling - Google Patents

One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109380068A
CN109380068A CN201811284400.4A CN201811284400A CN109380068A CN 109380068 A CN109380068 A CN 109380068A CN 201811284400 A CN201811284400 A CN 201811284400A CN 109380068 A CN109380068 A CN 109380068A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
low temperature
furrow
melon
canopy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811284400.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杭太升
苏生平
张小春
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dongtai Agricultural Technology Extension Center
Original Assignee
Dongtai Agricultural Technology Extension Center
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Dongtai Agricultural Technology Extension Center filed Critical Dongtai Agricultural Technology Extension Center
Priority to CN201811284400.4A priority Critical patent/CN109380068A/en
Publication of CN109380068A publication Critical patent/CN109380068A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • A01G13/02Protective coverings for plants; Coverings for the ground; Devices for laying-out or removing coverings
    • A01G13/0256Ground coverings
    • A01G13/0268Mats or sheets, e.g. nets or fabrics
    • A01G13/0275Films
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention is the cultural method for overcoming western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling.Concrete technology: selection high-land, soil texture is good, has the non-irrigated furrow dim ground orchard establishment of wind sheltering barrier to select the kind of low temperature resistant low light tolerance using the good greenhouse facility of thermal property;Take grafting and root-changing and large aperture hole tray (alms bowl) substrate seedling;In the nursery stage, low temperature may be met with after planting such as precognition, then remove disk (alms bowl) restraining the growth of seedlings or changes alms bowl expansion nutrition donor delay transplanting;If meeting short time low temperature cloudy weather for several days running after field planting, the Windproof thermal insulations such as closing greenhouse drop stain are taken;If meeting long period low temperature cloudy weather for several days running (snow) after field planting, interim temperature-increasing light-replenishing and fertilization from outside, guarantor's melon root exempt to hurt, and strive for after calamity melon seedling restoration ecosystem as early as possible.The present invention is one and overcomes western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling cultural method, keeps away harmful probability by improving, and alms bowl delay field planting and partial insulation light filling are changed in restraining the growth of seedlings, avoids Winter-Spring severe cold from endangering, it is ensured that western muskmelon overcomes low temperature runt seedling to realize high-quality, high yield in Winter-Spring.

Description

One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling
Along The East Coast of Zhejiang And Jiangsu Provinces one band in China's is influenced by northern cold wave and coastal climate, prolonged cold often occurs in winter-spring season The phenomenon that widow is shone.Strong wind constantly invades and harasses the production of the anti-season melon dish under plastic house entrainment of sleet every other day, so that member Denier is long to melon dish difficulty during the Spring Equinox, or even (such as hundreds of mus occurs to the now dead seedling of stagnant length in spring northern Suzhou in 2014 because prolonged cold widow breaks forth Dead seedling after greenhouse watermelon is planted);This is also the shortage of this phase melon food market, surging one of the reason of price.Research shows that Winter-Spring low temperature Damaging to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature to the traumatogenic position of western muskmelon is root first, and growth shows as the stagnant long blackening of root root hair yellow, root growth Point is injured or even dead, macerates root, so that root zone is caused growth disorder, absorbability decline occur;Overground part melon seedling blade occurs Tikka, yellow, runt seedling be not long, wilts, and bud is unable to normal differentiation;The cultivation step that research overcomes Winter-Spring prolonged cold widow to shine is Pursuit as this area agri-scientific research worker's many years.
One proposed by the present invention overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling, feature: using strengthening root cultivation as core, First is that using the low temperature resistant stronger kind of low light tolerance resistance;Second is that taking grafting and root-changing, by grafting well developed root system, low-temperature resistance is few According to the stock strong with continuous cropping obstacle ability, western muskmelon strengthening root growth ability is improved;Third is that take big alms bowl diameter (large aperture hole tray) and It sprays the microbial-bacterial fertilizers such as root guard treasured and cultivates early big strong sprout;Fourth is that improving facility cultivation mode, select natural conditions relatively preferable Region and period plantation, change furrow type (leveling off furrow ditch and planting is that high furrow ridge is planted), He Qianwei (overground part reveal half alms bowl) field planting;Fifth is that Take the efficiently facility cultivation mode such as double greenhouse multilayers coverings, create adaptable heat-retaining condition overcome be likely to occur it is long-term low It is warm few according to harm;Sixth is that restraining the growth of seedlings is delayed.Precognition prolonged cold widow will occur according to when should not transplant such as before transplanting, take or control Water control temperature sprayization adjust the methods of restraining the growth of seedlings, or take change alms bowl (have additional nutrients donor) be delayed to second stage concentrate nursery evade not The influence of sharp weather, and camera selects relatively suitable period transplant planting;It is remedied seventh is that robbing pipe adjusting.In burst low temperature cloudy weather for several days running The outer accumulated snow of canopy and ponding are removed after snow, in 2-8 hours, night covers non-woven fabrics heat-preservation cold-resistance in field planting greenhouse;In watermelon Crop field is colonized not yet to wake up, though or it just wakes up and just sinks into then to take peripheral hardware air partition anti-in the case that prolonged cold widow shines soon Cold wave is invaded and harassed, and removes the outer sleet of canopy and the outer ponding of canopy as early as possible;Reinforce in canopy closed and increases nonwoven face surface covering and heat insulating, choosing Select appropriateness spray supplementary fertilizer outside opportune moment root;Heat sources and the supplement people such as interim increase chemistry are taken when extreme weather occurs Work illumination, to guarantee that it is tided over severe cold and restore normal growth.
Technical field
The invention belongs to facility cultivation fields, are related to the cultural method for overcoming western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling.
Background technique
China is that western muskmelon produces the first big country in the world, and cultivated area is big, and yield is high and lists Relatively centralized, but foreign trade The even domestic middle-long distance in the outlet small accounting of quantity of shipping and reselling on another market is little;For a long time due to the limitation of natural conditions, many western muskmelons are raw Is produced from main producing region, the listing of western muskmelon excessively concentrates on producing relatively easy late spring early summer, and early spring melon and fruit is caused to be put on sale appearance Vacancy.In recent years, many melon growers actively rob the early production spring with double greenhouse multilayer soverlay techniques and shift to an earlier date watermelon, and right Winter-Spring is especially It is one band of Along The East Coast of Zhejiang And Jiangsu Provinces the coldest season throughout the year around the Spring Festival, and is the weather of much chill tide and low temperature and less sunshine, often The consecutive low temperature widow of appearance is shone.Low temperature and less sunshine damages to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature, first research shows that Winter-Spring chilling injury is to the traumatogenic portion of western muskmelon Position is mainly in root, and growth shows as the stagnant long blackening of root root hair yellow, and root growth point is injured or even dead, macerates root, so that Root zone is caused growth disorder, absorbability decline occur;Secondly there is tikka in overground part melon seedling blade, yellow, runt seedling are not grown, wither It is listless;It is that melon seedling bud differentiation is not normal again, bud is unable to normal differentiation, or shows without female flower or few male flower without pollen;Practice table Bright to be directed to special geography and climate, this specific production problem can not be solved by continuing to use existing some technologies both at home and abroad, a small number of long-term The time of low temperature and less sunshine is met with, large area runt seedling dead seedling often occurs in the watermelon of too early culturing and transplanting seedlings before the Spring Festival, causes fund people The waste and the underproduction reduction of income of work.
Summary of the invention
This invention, on the basis of being to maintain and promoting original western muskmelon production method, for winter because of prolonged cold widow It causes freezing wound to cause evil according to the western muskmelon of conserving culture, in order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, proposes one and overcome western muskmelon low The cultural method of warm runt seedling.I.e.;Selection high-land, soil granular structure is good, did not at least plant melon crop in nearly 5 years and had The dry furrow of wind sheltering barrier establish western muskmelon production field dimly;Field uses sufficient base manure before field planting one month, and ploughs and sun the earth which has been ploughed up;It is required that Every 667cm2 applies father and likes the bio-bacterial manures 150-200kg such as I or base fertilizer power king, separately adds calcium superphosphate 50-80kg, potassium sulfate 25- 30kg, and it is uniformly mixed clay fertilizer;Above-mentioned bio-bacterial manure requires living bacteria count >=200,000,000/g, and organic matter >=35% is wet to prepare base The full furrow bottom application before ploughing harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil of fertile half, then site preparation bedding, the other half trench digging impose in furrow below melon row, and furrow are made into high steamed bun Type, the wide 2m of furrow, ditch depth 40cm between furrow inter-drain and canopy;Melon row is reserved in furrow median ridge,
Or small high ridge is established in cultivating bed, ridge top width 15-20cm, furrow depth 20-30cm;Unregistered land is established before melon seedling field planting The all standing of film ground and under-film drip irrigation and efficient gutter system;Select the good quality and high output of well developed root system, low temperature resistant, how wet, few photograph Western melon variety;The strong stock grafting of well developed root systems anti-seismic design such as grafting and root-changing is taken, and selects the glad series in capital;It selects suitable Early big strong sprout is educated for earth culture when diameter plastic nutritive cube (or large aperture plastics cave dish), and using high-quality seedling medium;In nursery When stage can not normally transplant as met with low temperature and less sunshine, it can implement restraining the growth of seedlings delay on the basis of original hole plate seedling growth and move for 5 to 7 days It plants;Such as bad weather it is possible that last longer, then take seedling taking to change alms bowl and expand nutrition donor, and be concentrated to seedling raising greenhouse office Portion's heating and light supplementing, transplanting when being suitable for by being delayed to the second stage nursery condition of putting off;Transplanting the last week spray spray fertilizer and Cool down and practice seedling, accomplishes that band medicine fertilizer is transplanted to enhance anti-adversity;It establishes in greenhouse and canopy and plants within field planting the last week to one month Training furrow and under-film drip irrigation system are carried out standby plant in crop field and are prepared, and field planting crop field is required using high efficiency such as double canopy multilayer coverings before the Spring Festival Protection facility and zanjon high ridge (or high ridge) is built, fair weather and dry furrow is selected to implement shallow position field planting cultivation;It is met in short-term after field planting Between low temperature cloudy weather for several days running or snow, then should adopt vigorous measures radix saposhnikoviae drop stain heat-preservation cold-resistance;If meeting long period low temperature even yin after field planting Sleet should then be taken in the measures such as the interim temperature-increasing light-replenishing of canopy internal layer and fertilization from outside, promote the photosynthetic growth of melon seedling, facilitate melon root just It is frequently grown, western muskmelon bud normal development, it is ensured that can restoration ecosystem as early as possible after calamity.
Above scheme requires selection to select, and high-land, soil layer is thick, soil aggregate structure is good, did not planted in nearly 5 years at least Melon crop, have wind sheltering barrier in furrow dimly, i.e., selection topography it is higher, it is not easy to there is ponding by stain, normally because of wind sheltering Western muskmelon production field is established in the higher plot of temperature, such as without natural wind sheltering barrier, then enter the wind side use build bamboo fence wall or Add to cover by 2 meters of high wire fences and establishes artificial paravent in a manner of old agricultural film;If topography is low and easy ponding is by stain, then deep ploughing is taken It suns the earth which has been ploughed up, digs zanjon formation high ridge and build greenhouse in high ridge again;Field uses sufficient base manure before being colonized the previous moon, and ploughs solarization It turns up soil;It is required that every 667m2, which applies father, likes the bio-bacterial manures 150-200kg such as I or base fertilizer power king, separately add calcium superphosphate 50-80kg, sulphur Sour potassium 25-30kg, and it is uniformly mixed clay fertilizer;Above-mentioned bio-bacterial manure requirement living bacteria count >=200,000,000/g, organic matter >=35%, Wet to prepare the full furrow bottom application before ploughing harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil of base manure half, then site preparation bedding, half, which is ditched, to be imposed in furrow below melon row, and furrow are made into height Steamed bun type, the wide 2m of furrow, ditch depth 40cm between furrow inter-drain and canopy reserve melon row in furrow median ridge, or resettle small height in cultivating bed median ridge Ridge, ridge top width 15-20cm, furrow depth 20-30cm are another to pay attention to the preceding unregistered land film all standing ground of melon seedling field planting, build up and drip under film Fill system and efficient gutter system especially communicate in gutter system with three ditches inside and outside accomplishing on set, it is ensured that it is dry that rain stops furrow.
Above scheme is required using strengthening root as target, be for the more cloudy weather for several days running snowy day gas of coastal area Winter-Spring, traditional cultivation by Extreme low temperature influences to be easy runt seedling of enduring cold because of root, protects length around strengthening root, in the good quality and high output west for selecting low temperature resistant, how wet, few photograph On the basis of melon variety, the main means of low temperature runt seedling are resisted using Grafting strengthening root as enhancing seedling stage, screen root by introducing It is the strong stock of flourishing low temperature tolerance ability, configuration overcomes the outstanding grafting of prolonged cold runt seedling to combine, and stock changes conventional 50 to 72 Hole plastics cave dish nursery is 36 to 50 hole plastics cave dish nursery, or uses diameter for 6-8cm high pier plastics list alms bowl nursery, or elder generation Row hole tray stock nursery grafting, it is the list alms bowl nursery of 6-8cm high pier plastics that disk stripping, which is packed into diameter, again after awake;Before and after graft seedling growth Stringent diseases prevention disinfection is carried out, kind of biography and soil-borne disease is prevented to infect, is bred as grafting strong sprout.
Often occur the adverse weathers such as low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow around the Spring Festival for Coastal regions area, protect length around strengthening root, It takes and changes small alms bowl diameter (72 hole of plastics cave dish), be big alms bowl diameter (plastics cave dish 50 or 36 holes, or use diameter for 4-8cm plastics list Alms bowl) nursery, increase the room for maneuver of melon seedling delay transplanting with the body that has additional nutrients;With traditional seedling raising manners and, normally sowing is educated Seedling, if weather is continued for low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow after emergence, it is possible to which wholeheartedly the above seedling age not can guarantee still fine warm to two leaves Weather implement transplanting, then should implement water and fertilizer control shading spray help the restraining the growth of seedlings control such as strong element long delay 5 to 7 days transplant;Such as predict nothing Method is colonized in a short time, and consecutive low temperature even extreme weather of negative 30 days time or more is likely to occur after planting, and germplasm is precious, then answers Take change alms bowl increase nutrition donor be delayed to second stage nursery, i.e., first use the Light media nursery of common plastics hole tray, until a leaf Wholeheartedly, set about preparing to change alms bowl in seedling growth greenhouse and post cultivation Plug seedling depending on weather modification trend, quasi- post plants bowl-entering soil same nursery base can be used Matter, it is also possible to which sterile vegetable garden soil is made into a certain amount of fertilizer, and ratio is that dosage is 1m3Bed soil plus urea 0.25kg, peroxophosphoric acid Calcium 1kg, potassium sulfate 0.5kg or 45% N P and K ternary compound fertilizer 1.5kg of content, humidity configuration requirement is to holding agglomerating landing That is scattered degree.From taking-up melon seedling plant in plastics cave dish is bred as, in large volume polypots, (commodity plastic alms bowl diameter is in 10cm More than) or plastic convenient bag (loam 1kg nutrient matrix can be filled) in, be concentrated to the relatively good double greenhouse multilayers of temperature light and cover Educated altogether under the conditions of lid, the later period pay attention to removing alms bowl it is long when restraining the growth of seedlings, to be deferred to transplanting when condition is suitable for.
Cultivating bed and under-film drip irrigation system in greenhouse and canopy is established within field planting the last week to one month in above scheme to do Standby plant in good crop field prepares, and field planting crop field requires using high efficiency protection facilities such as double canopy multilayer coverings and builds zanjon high ridge before the Spring Festival (or high ridge) selects fair weather and dry furrow to implement shallow position field planting cultivation;Most cold season section in 1 year is happened in field planting before referring to the Spring Festival, is answered Using the built-in middle canopy+Small plastic shed+mulch of double greenhouses;Or three layers of greenhouse+Small plastic shed+mulch;Or beam-connected greenhouse+bis- greenhouses+small arch Canopy+mulch;Or the facilities covering pattern such as heliogreenhouse (the double-deck canopy face covering) built-in middle canopy+Small plastic shed+mulch, mention the last week extremely It establishes within one month protection facility and cultivating bed and carries out standby plant and prepare;It is required that cultivating bed carries out the ground all standing of unregistered land film, simultaneously Under-film drip irrigation is established, and keeps antecedent soil moisture to be planted in canopy;It is colonized first three and selected fine day gas blowout to apply root guard in bed melon seedling to four days The bio-bacterial manures impregnation such as treasured, select plant source Chinese herbal medicinal bactericide Austria make every effort to overcome-green withered Garrick dilutes by 600 times of liquid, with every It plants preceding seedbed for 3 liters of square meter to pour, by the standby prevention and treatment sprout term disease etc. of planting of band medicine to enhance anti-adversity;Separately dripped in the case where drafting plant row It fills the U.S. Dui You300Bei Puli and steps on (SW) Fish protein organic fertilizer water 6-8m living3Moisture creating;It takes stand cultivation or cultivates with climbing, Rational close planting, the big-and-middle fruit type of stand cultivation is 900-1100 plants general by taking watermelon as an example, and 1200-1500 plants of small fruit type;It cultivates with climbing Big-and-middle fruit type is 500-800 plants general, and 800-900 plants of small fruit type.Totally-enclosed greenhouse is to living after field planting.As really because of the more low temperature yin in day Before rain is colonized soil moisture greatly unsuitable trickle irrigation when, then occur after field planting drought as when trickle irrigation Dui You300Bei U.S. Puli step on (SW) Fish protein organic fertilizer work water 6-8m3.Prolonged cold successive cloudy days gas will occur in precognition, or cultivating bed is changed to ridge type, ridge Top width 15-20cm, furrow depth 20-30cm;Under canopy in the low situation of the big temperature of soil moisture, of the right age melon seedling can be taken shallow when being colonized Position field planting even half dew alms bowl field planting cultivation (it is buried under planting stock alms bowl preferably shallow, such as high pier plastics pot seedling can stay half in ground with On), after planting wake up after filled out again with periphery soil or Commodity Organic Fertilizer gather around to it is equal with surrounding ground.
Short time low temperature cloudy weather for several days running is met after being set out in field planting in above scheme, then the radix saposhnikoviae that should adopt vigorous measures drop stain heat preservation Cold-resistant removes accumulated snow and ponding outside canopy after burst low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow in 2-8 hours, night covers in field planting greenhouse Non-woven fabrics heat-preservation cold-resistance is in the ranks removed in melon and applies bamboo charcoal or rice chaff (Mai Ying, rice husk carbon etc.) except stain;Greenhouse four is conscientiously checked simultaneously It cannot leak out in week, preferably establish the air partition that keeps out the wind;Temporarily increase covering non-woven fabrics in greenhouse on hut (or middle canopy), non-woven fabrics is adopted It takes and early takes off (morning 8-9 point is taken off), evening lid (4-5 point lid in afternoon), timely light transmission;The then day and night all standing of cloudy without sunlight;Weather turns Non-woven fabrics is removed after fine again, is suitably kept the skin wet when necessary or dilute light nutrition solution, normal illumination is gradually restored
Long period low temperature cloudy weather for several days running is met after statement field planting in above scheme, has been waken up after referring to field planting, or do not wake up also Long period low temperature cloudy weather for several days running is met, and consecutive low temperature cloudy weather for several days running may be at 30 days or more, 15 days or so still after field planting Because low temperature runt seedling is not sent out, artificial temperature-increasing light-replenishing is then considered as to such situation, method is at extreme low temperature night, in Small plastic shed The mobile small air-conditioning such as AEAA-YK015/A is installed, every 30-50m long arched shed puts one, band electricity heating;Or two are placed using coal stove The central gangway Dao Peng, every 20 to 30m put a furnace temporarily heat (with iron pipe from central gangway by cigarette export canopy outside when pay attention to fire-fighting pacify Entirely);Every 40-50 meters of bis- ceiling of Ling is hung a LE light supplementing lamp for plants, is maintained at 8 DEG C or more within rhizosphere ground temperature at least three days or more, Supplementary light is maintained at 2000 to 10000 luxs, and daily lighting time guarantee impinges upon 8 hours or more whole day day.It is then opened outside canopy Cold-proof Ditch is dug, straw is stacked in canopy to enhance heat insulation effect.In successive cloudy days, if melon seedling soil is partially non-irrigated in canopy, every 5-7 days blade faces Spray 1000 times forever industry biogen or 1000 times of dilute glucose waters mitigate injury to enhance anti-adversity ability, improve biological yield and Economic flow rate.
In Jiangsu, Coastal regions area, conventional cultivation are influenced by Winter-Spring long-time low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow, overwintering greenhouse watermelon General per mu yield only has more than 4000 kg, and wherein first planting melon only has 1000kg or so, and the small melon of melon is sweetless white muscle.It can using the present invention Per unit area yield one is improved at wherein for first planting melon volume increase yield three above, mu need to only add 1000 yuan of cost or so, can increase the output value It 2000 yuan or more, 1000 yuan of net profit or more, is such as widely applied its economic benefit and social benefit is very considerable.
Detailed description of the invention
Slightly
Specific embodiment
1, topography is higher, it is not easy to ponding occurs by stain, because western muskmelon production is established in the higher plot of the normal ground temperature of wind sheltering It then enters the wind side such as without natural wind sheltering barrier and uses to build bamboo fence wall or add with 2 meters of high wire fences and cover old agricultural film side in field Formula establishes artificial paravent;If topography is low and easy ponding is then taken deep ploughing to sun the earth which has been ploughed up by stain, digs zanjon and form high ridge again in high ridge On build greenhouse;Field uses sufficient base manure before being colonized the previous moon, and ploughs and sun the earth which has been ploughed up;It is required that every 667m2, which applies father, likes I or base fertilizer The bio-bacterial manures 150-200kg such as power king separately adds calcium superphosphate 50-80kg, potassium sulfate 25-30kg, and is uniformly mixed clay fertilizer; Above-mentioned bio-bacterial manure requires living bacteria count >=200,000,000/g, and organic matter >=35% is wet to prepare base manure half full furrow bottom before ploughing harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil It applies, then site preparation bedding, half trench digging imposes in furrow below melon row, and furrow are made into high steamed bun type, the wide 2m of furrow, furrow inter-drain and canopy inter-drain Deep 40cm reserves melon row in furrow median ridge, or resettles small high ridge, ridge top width 15-20cm, furrow depth 20- in cultivating bed median ridge 30cm, it is another to pay attention to the preceding unregistered land film all standing ground of melon seedling field planting, under-film drip irrigation system and efficient gutter system are built up, is especially existed Gutter system, which matches to put on, accomplishes that inside and outside three ditches communicate, it is ensured that it is dry that rain stops furrow.
2, on the basis of the good quality and high output of low temperature resistant, how wet, the few photograph of selection western melon variety, using Grafting strengthening root as increasing Strong seedling stage resists the main means of low temperature runt seedling, and by introducing the strong stock of screening well developed root system low temperature tolerance ability, configuration overcomes The outstanding grafting of prolonged cold runt seedling is combined, and stock changes conventional 50 to 72 hole plastics cave dish nursery, is 36 to 50 hole plastics cave dishes Nursery, or diameter is used to graft for 6-8cm high pier plastics list alms bowl nursery or leading hole tray stock nursery, the disk stripping again after awake Loading diameter is the list alms bowl nursery of 6-8cm high pier plastics;Stringent diseases prevention disinfection is carried out before and after graft seedling growth, prevents kind of biography and soil from passing Disease infects, and is bred as grafting strong sprout.
3, be annual temperature minimum season for coastal area around the Spring Festival and more cloudy weather for several days runnings are avenged, and traditional nursery surrounds strengthening root Protect length, it is desirable that take and change small alms bowl diameter (72 hole of plastics cave dish), be big alms bowl diameter (plastics cave dish 50 or 36 holes, or use diameter for 4- 8cm plastics list alms bowl) nursery, increase the room for maneuver of melon seedling delay transplanting with the body that has additional nutrients;With traditional seedling raising manners and Normal seeding and seedling raising, but weather is continued for low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow after emergence, it is possible to and to two leaves, wholeheartedly the above seedling age still can not Guarantee to implement transplanting in fine warm weather, then should implement water and fertilizer control shading and spray to help the restraining the growth of seedlings control such as strong element long delay 5 to 7 days to move It plants;It can not be colonized in a short time as predicted, and be likely to occur consecutive low temperature even extreme weather of negative 30 days time or more after planting, and plant Matter is precious, then should take to change alms bowl and increase nutrition donor being delayed to second stage nursery, i.e., first use common plastics hole tray Light media Nursery is set about preparing changing alms bowl in seedling growth greenhouse and posts cultivation Plug seedling until a Ye Yixin depending on weather modification trend, quasi- to post that plant bowl-entering soil available Same seedling medium, it is also possible to which sterile vegetable garden soil is made into a certain amount of fertilizer, and ratio is that dosage is 1m3Bed soil plus urea 0.25kg, calcium superphosphate 1kg, potassium sulfate 0.5kg or 45% N P and K ternary compound fertilizer 1.5kg of content, humidity configuration requirement is extremely Hold the i.e. scattered degree of agglomerating landing.From being bred as taking out melon seedling plant in plastics cave dish in large volume polypots (commodity plastic It is relatively good to be concentrated to temperature light in 10cm or more) or plastic convenient bag (can fill loam 1kg nutrient matrix) for alms bowl diameter Educated altogether under double greenhouse multilayer coverage conditions, the later period pay attention to removing alms bowl it is long when restraining the growth of seedlings, to be deferred to transplanting when condition is suitable for.
4, using the built-in middle canopy+Small plastic shed+mulch of double greenhouses;Or three layers of greenhouse+Small plastic shed+mulch;Or beam-connected greenhouse+bis- Greenhouse+Small plastic shed+mulch;Or the facilities covering pattern such as heliogreenhouse (the double-deck canopy face covering) built-in middle canopy+Small plastic shed+mulch, Mentioning the last week established protection facility and cultivating bed to one month and carries out standby plant and prepare;It is required that cultivating bed implementation unregistered land film ground is complete Covering, while under-film drip irrigation is established, and keep antecedent soil moisture to be planted in canopy;It is colonized first three and selected fine day gas in bed melon seedling to four days Spray the bio-bacterial manures impregnation such as root guard treasured, select plant source Chinese herbal medicinal bactericide Austria make every effort to overcome-green withered Garrick is dilute by 600 times of liquid It releases, plants preceding seedbed with 3 liters of every square meter and pour, by the standby prevention and treatment sprout term disease etc. of planting of band medicine to enhance anti-adversity;Separately drafting It plants the lower trickle irrigation Dui You300Bei U.S. Puli of row and steps on (SW) Fish protein organic fertilizer water 6-8m living3Moisture creating;It takes stand cultivation or climbs Ground cultivation, rational close planting, the big-and-middle fruit type of stand cultivation is 900-1100 plants general by taking watermelon as an example, and 1200-1500 plants of small fruit type;It climbs The ground big-and-middle fruit type of cultivation is 500-800 plants general, and 800-900 plants of small fruit type.Totally-enclosed greenhouse is to living after field planting.As really because it is more Before low temperature overcast and rainy day is colonized soil moisture greatly unsuitable trickle irrigation when, then occur after field planting drought as when trickle irrigation Dui You300Bei U.S. Puli Step on (SW) Fish protein organic fertilizer water 6-8m living3.Prolonged cold successive cloudy days gas will occur in precognition, or cultivating bed is changed to ridge Type, ridge top width 15-20cm, furrow depth 20-30cm;Under canopy in the low situation of the big temperature of soil moisture, of the right age melon seedling can when being colonized Taking shallow position field planting, even partly dew alms bowl field planting cultivation (is buried under planting stock alms bowl preferably shallowly, as high pier plastics pot seedling can stay half in It is more than face), after planting wake up after filled out again with periphery soil or Commodity Organic Fertilizer gather around to it is equal with surrounding ground.
5, short time burst low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow is met after the field planting of Ru Xi (sweet tea) melon, then should be avenged in burst low temperature cloudy weather for several days running Afterwards, the outer accumulated snow of canopy and ponding are removed in 2-8 hours, night covers non-woven fabrics heat-preservation cold-resistance in field planting greenhouse, in the ranks removes in melon Bamboo charcoal or rice chaff (Mai Ying, rice husk carbon etc.) are applied except stain;Greenhouse surrounding is conscientiously checked simultaneously, cannot be leaked out, and the wind that keeps out the wind preferably is established Barrier;Temporarily increasing covering non-woven fabrics in greenhouse on hut (or middle canopy), non-woven fabrics, which is taken, early to be taken off (morning 8-9 point is taken off), evening lid (under Noon 4-5 point lid), timely light transmission;The then day and night all standing of cloudy without sunlight;Non-woven fabrics is removed after it's clearing up again, when necessary suitably It keeps the skin wet or dilute light nutrition solution, gradually restores normal illumination.
If 6, having waken up after western (sweet tea) melon seedling field planting, or does not wake up also and meet long period low temperature cloudy weather for several days running, and continue Low temperature cloudy weather for several days running may in longer (may be at 30 days or more), after field planting 10 days still because low temperature runt seedling is not sent out, then be considered as Artificial temperature-increasing light-replenishing, method are the mobile small air-conditioning such as AEAA-YK015/A to be installed in Small plastic shed, often at extreme low temperature night 30-50m long arched shed puts one, band electricity heating;Or two central gangways Dao Peng are placed using coal stove, every 20 to 30m to put a furnace interim Heating (pays attention to security against fire when being exported cigarette outside canopy from central gangway with iron pipe);Every 40-50 meters of bis- ceiling of Ling is hung a LE Light supplementing lamp for plants is maintained at 8 DEG C or more in rhizosphere ground temperature at least three days or more, and supplementary light is maintained at 2000 to 10000 luxs, Daily lighting time guarantee impinges upon 8 hours or more whole day day.Cold-proof Ditch is then dug outside canopy, and straw is stacked in canopy to enhance heat preservation effect Fruit.In successive cloudy days, if melon seedling soil is partially non-irrigated in canopy, every 5-7 days foliage-sprays 1000 industry biogen or 1000 Portugals Bei Xi forever again Grape syrup mitigates injury to enhance anti-adversity ability, improves biological yield and economic flow rate.
Other measures carry out as usual.

Claims (7)

1. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling.It is characterized in that: selection high-land, soil aggregate structure is good, extremely Melon crop was not planted in nearly 5 years few, there are the dry furrow of wind sheltering barrier to establish western muskmelon production field warmly;Field is in field planting one Base manure was used sufficient before a month, and was ploughed and suned the earth which has been ploughed up;Every 667m2 uses sufficient father and likes the bio-bacterial manures 150-200kg such as I or base fertilizer power king, separately Add calcium superphosphate 50-80kg, potassium sulfate 25-30kg, and is uniformly mixed clay fertilizer;Above-mentioned bio-bacterial manure requirement living bacteria count >= 200000000/g, organic matter >=35%;Wet base manure half full furrow bottom application, then site preparation bedding, the half before ploughing harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil of preparing ditches and imposes on furrow Below middle melon row;Furrow are made into high steamed bun type, and the wide 2m of furrow, ditch depth 40cm between furrow inter-drain and canopy reserve melon row in furrow median ridge, or planting Training furrow median ridge resettles small high ridge;Unregistered land film all standing ground is used before melon seedling field planting, builds up under-film drip irrigation system and efficiently draining Ditch system;Select the western melon variety of good quality and high output of well developed root system, low temperature resistant, how wet, few photograph;Grafting and root-changing is taken, and selects capital The strong stock grafting of the well developed root systems anti-seismic design such as glad series;Large aperture plastics cave dish is selected, using high-quality seedling medium generation Nutrition Soil cultivates early big strong sprout;It, can be in original hole plate seedling growth base when can not normally be transplanted as met with low temperature and less sunshine in the nursery stage On plinth, implements restraining the growth of seedlings delay and transplant for 5 to 7 days;Such as bad weather it is possible that last longer, then take seedling taking to change alms bowl and expand battalion Donor is supported, seedling raising greenhouse local warming light filling is concentrated to, is delayed to transplanting when condition is suitable for;Transplanting the last week spray spray fertilizer and Cool down hardening, accomplishes that band medicine band fertilizer is transplanted, to enhance anti-adversity;Greenhouse is put up within field planting the last week to one month, is built Cultivating bed in good canopy, builds up under-film drip irrigation system, has dug gutter system, carries out standby plant in crop field and prepares;The crop field being colonized before the Spring Festival, It is required that using high efficiency lagging facilities such as double canopy multilayer coverings, and zanjon high ridge (or high ridge) is built up, select fair weather and dry furrow Implement shallow position field planting cultivation;Such as short time low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow after field planting, then the radix saposhnikoviae that should adopt vigorous measures drop stain heat preservation is anti- It is cold;If meeting long period low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow after field planting, the measures such as the interim temperature-increasing light-replenishing of canopy internal layer and fertilization from outside should be taken, Promote melon seedling photosynthesis, facilitate melon root healthy growth, bud normal development, it is ensured that restoration ecosystem as early as possible after calamity.
2. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling according to right 1.It is characterized by: selection high-land, Soil layer is thick, soil aggregate structure is good, did not at least plant melon crop, the dry furrow for having wind sheltering barrier in nearly 5 years dimly, that is, selects It is higher to select topography, it is not easy to ponding occur by stain, because western muskmelon production field is established in the higher plot of the normal ground temperature of wind sheltering, such as nothing Natural wind sheltering barrier then enters the wind side and uses to build bamboo fence wall or add to cover by 2 meters of high wire fences and establishes people in a manner of old agricultural film Make paravent;If topography is low and easy ponding is then taken deep ploughing to sun the earth which has been ploughed up by stain, digs zanjon and form high ridge and built in high ridge again greatly Canopy;Field uses sufficient base manure before being colonized the previous moon, and ploughs and sun the earth which has been ploughed up;It is required that every 667m2, which applies father, likes I or base fertilizer power king etc. Bio-bacterial manure 150-200kg separately adds calcium superphosphate 50-80kg, potassium sulfate 25-30kg, and is uniformly mixed clay fertilizer;Above-mentioned biology Bacterial manure requires living bacteria count >=200,000,000/g, and organic matter >=35%, the wet base manure half for preparing is ploughing the preceding full furrow bottom application of harrow-like implement for pulverizing soil, then whole Ground bedding, half trench digging impose in furrow below melon row, and furrow are made into high steamed bun type, the wide 2m of furrow, ditch depth 40cm between furrow inter-drain and canopy, Furrow median ridge reserves melon row, or resettles small high ridge in cultivating bed median ridge, and ridge top width 15-20cm, furrow depth 20-30cm are another to pay attention to Unregistered land film all standing ground is used before melon seedling field planting, builds up under-film drip irrigation system and efficient gutter system, especially system matches in gutter It puts on and accomplishes that inside and outside three ditches communicate, it is ensured that it is dry that rain stops furrow.
3. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling according to right 1.It is characterized by: being protected around strengthening root It is long, on the basis of the good quality and high output of low temperature resistant, how wet, the few photograph of selection western melon variety, resist grafting and root-changing as enhancing seedling stage The main means of imperial low temperature runt seedling, by introducing the strong stock of screening well developed root system low temperature tolerance ability, configuration overcomes prolonged cold The outstanding grafting of runt seedling is combined, and it is 36 to 50 hole plastics cave dish nursery, or adopt that stock, which changes conventional 50 to 72 hole plastics cave dish nursery, It is 6-8cm high pier plastics list alms bowl nursery or leading hole tray stock nursery grafting with diameter, disk stripping loading diameter is again after awake 6-8cm high pier plastics list alms bowl nursery;Stringent diseases prevention disinfection is carried out before and after graft seedling growth, and kind of biography and soil-borne disease is prevented to infect, It is bred as grafting strong sprout.
4. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling according to right 1.It is characterized by: changing the (modeling of small alms bowl diameter 72 hole of material cave disk), it is big alms bowl diameter (plastics cave dish 50 or 36 holes, or use diameter for 6-8cm plastics list alms bowl) nursery, to increase battalion Feeding body stops the room for maneuver of melon seedling delay transplanting;With traditional seedling raising manners and normal seeding and seedling raising, if weather after emergence It is continued for low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow, it is possible to which wholeheartedly the above seedling age not can guarantee still in fine warm weather implementation transplanting, then to two leaves It should implement water and fertilizer control shading and spray the long measure of the restraining the growth of seedlings control such as strong element that helps, postpone to transplant for 5 to 7 days;As precognition can not be in a short time Field planting, and the extreme weather that consecutive low temperature connects negative 30 days time or more is likely to occur after planting, and germplasm is precious, then should take and change alms bowl It increases nutrition donor and is delayed to second stage nursery, i.e., first using the nursery of common plastics hole tray Light media to a Ye Yixin, depending on day Gas evolving trend sets about preparing to change alms bowl in seedling growth greenhouse and post cultivation Plug seedling, and quasi- post plants bowl-entering soil same seedling medium can be used, it is also possible to Sterile vegetable garden soil is made into a certain amount of fertilizer, and ratio is: dosage 1m3Bed soil plus urea 0.25kg, calcium superphosphate 1kg, sulphur 45% N P and K ternary compound fertilizer 1.5kg of sour potassium 0.5kg or content, humidity configuration requirement to hold it is agglomerating landing i.e. dissipate journey Degree.Melon seedling plant is taken out from incubation plastics cave dish, and in large volume polypots, (commodity plastic alms bowl diameter is in 10cm or more) or modeling Expect to be concentrated under the relatively good double greenhouse multilayer coverage conditions of temperature light in convenient bag (loam 1kg nutrient matrix can be filled) Educate altogether, the later period pay attention to removing alms bowl it is long when restraining the growth of seedlings, to be deferred to transplanting when condition is suitable for.
5. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling according to right 1.It is characterized by: using in double greenhouses Build Zhong Peng+Small plastic shed+mulch;Or three layers of greenhouse+Small plastic shed+mulch;Or beam-connected greenhouse+bis- greenhouse+Small plastic shed+mulches;Or day The facilities covering patterns such as light greenhouse (the double-deck canopy face covering) built-in middle canopy+Small plastic shed+mulch, propose the last week a to foundation in month and protect Shield facility and cultivating bed simultaneously carry out standby cultivation preparation;It is required that cultivating bed carries out the ground all standing of unregistered land film, while under-film drip irrigation is established, And keep antecedent soil moisture to be planted in canopy;It is colonized first three and selected fine day gas blowout to apply the bio-bacterial manures such as root guard treasured leaching in bed melon seedling to four days Stain processing is selected plant source Chinese herbal medicinal bactericide Austria to make every effort to overcome a green withered Garrick and is diluted by 600 times of liquid, seedling before being planted with 3 liters of every square meter Bed pours, by the standby prevention and treatment sprout term disease etc. of planting of band medicine to enhance anti-adversity;Separately in the case where drafting plant row, trickle irrigation converts 300 times of U.S. Puli steps on (SW) Fish protein organic fertilizer water 6-8m living3Moisture creating;It takes stand cultivation or cultivates with climbing, rational close planting, with watermelon For the big-and-middle fruit type of stand cultivation it is 900-1100 plants general, 1200-1500 plants of small fruit type;Cultivate the general 500- of big-and-middle fruit type with climbing 800 plants, 800-900 plants of small fruit type.Totally-enclosed greenhouse is to living after field planting.As really because of soil moisture before the field planting of weather low temperature overcast and rainy day It is larger, when unsuitable trickle irrigation, then occur after field planting drought as when trickle irrigation, converting 300 times of U.S. Pulis, to step on (SW) Fish protein organic fertilizer living Water 6-8m3Moisture creating.Prolonged cold successive cloudy days gas will occur in precognition, or cultivating bed is changed to ridge type, ridge top width 15- 20cm, furrow depth 20-30cm;Under canopy in the low situation of the big temperature of soil moisture, of the right age melon seedling can take shallow position to be colonized when being colonized Even partly the field planting of dew alms bowl is cultivated and (is buried under planting stock alms bowl preferably shallowly, such as high pier plastics pot seedling can stay half more than ground), wait plant Afterwards wake up after filled out again with periphery soil or Commodity Organic Fertilizer gather around to it is equal with surrounding ground.
6. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling according to right 1.It is characterized by: as western muskmelon is colonized Meet short time burst low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow afterwards, then should be removed in 2-8 hour after burst low temperature cloudy weather for several days running snow outside canopy accumulated snow with Ponding, night covers non-woven fabrics heat-preservation cold-resistance in field planting greenhouse, in the ranks removes in melon and applies bamboo charcoal or rice chaff (Mai Ying, rice husk carbon etc.) Except stain;Conscientiously check that greenhouse surrounding cannot leak out, and preferably establish paravent simultaneously;Temporarily increase on hut (or middle canopy) in greenhouse Add covering non-woven fabrics, non-woven fabrics needs early to take off (morning 8-9 point is taken off), evening lid (4-5 point lid in afternoon), timely light transmission;Cloudy day is without sun Light then day and night all standing;Non-woven fabrics is removed after it's clearing up again, is suitably kept the skin wet when necessary or dilute light nutrition solution, it is gradually extensive Multiple normal illumination.
7. one overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling according to right 1.It is characterized in that;Western muskmelon seedling field planting Waken up afterwards, or do not waken up also and meet long period low temperature cloudy weather for several days running, and consecutive low temperature cloudy weather for several days running may it is longer (may be 30 days or more), after field planting 10 days still because low temperature runt seedling is not sent out, then be considered as artificial temperature-increasing light-replenishing, method is extremely low Warm night installs the mobile small air-conditioning such as AEAA-YK015/A in Small plastic shed, and every 30-50m long arched shed puts one, and electrification adds Temperature;Or two central gangways Dao Peng are placed using coal stove, every 20 to 30m, which put a furnace, temporarily heat and (uses iron pipe from central gangway by cigarette Security against fire is paid attention to when outside export canopy);Every 40-50 meters of bis- ceiling of Ling is hung a LE light supplementing lamp for plants, ground temperature at least three days with On be maintained at 8 DEG C or more, supplementary light is maintained at 2 000 to 10000 luxs, and daily lighting time guarantee impinges upon 8 whole day day Hour or more.Cold-proof Ditch is then dug outside canopy, and straw is stacked in canopy to enhance heat insulation effect.In successive cloudy days, if melon seedling soil in canopy Partially non-irrigated, then industry biogen or 1000 times of dilute glucose waters mitigate wound to enhance anti-adversity ability to every 5-7 days foliage-sprays 1000 forever again Evil improves biological yield and economic flow rate.
CN201811284400.4A 2018-10-25 2018-10-25 One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling Pending CN109380068A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811284400.4A CN109380068A (en) 2018-10-25 2018-10-25 One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811284400.4A CN109380068A (en) 2018-10-25 2018-10-25 One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109380068A true CN109380068A (en) 2019-02-26

Family

ID=65428100

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811284400.4A Pending CN109380068A (en) 2018-10-25 2018-10-25 One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109380068A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110169314A (en) * 2019-02-27 2019-08-27 东台市农业技术推广中心 A kind of western muskmelon precipitation increases the cultural method of sugar
CN111567335A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-25 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Method for quickly cultivating early-spring watermelon seedlings at low cost

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110169314A (en) * 2019-02-27 2019-08-27 东台市农业技术推广中心 A kind of western muskmelon precipitation increases the cultural method of sugar
CN111567335A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-25 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Method for quickly cultivating early-spring watermelon seedlings at low cost

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103348857B (en) Method for planting pseudo-ginseng in high-altitude area
CN104920134B (en) Management method for planting adult sweet cherry trees at warm regions in south of China
CN106376343A (en) Efficient ecological anniversary planting method of middle-season rice ratooning rice and astragalus smicus
CN104521523B (en) A kind of capsicum Winter-Spring method for culturing seedlings for being suitable for In Middle And Lower Reaches of Changjiang River
CN103355027A (en) Taxus chinensis var.mairei seedling breeding method
CN102577811B (en) Method for increasing 3-4 generations of winter wheat filial generation in one year by utilizing climatic conditions
CN102017863A (en) A cultivation method for ornamental pumpkin
CN105724165B (en) A kind of facility cultivation method of suitable cool region protecting field Kiwi berry
CN103430799A (en) Greenhouse Huping jujube culturing technology
CN105325158B (en) A kind of hotbed chives implantation methods and its special astigmatism cooling heat radiation regulation and control film
CN103125247A (en) Cultivation method of organic American ginseng
CN105103864B (en) A kind of In Middle And Lower Reaches of Changjiang River agate card implantation methods
CN103355130A (en) Planting method for white flesh loquats and greenhouse thereof
CN106212149A (en) A kind of implantation methods of Taiwan morus laevigata
CN102948362A (en) Breeding method of low temperature resistant balsam pear
CN108283125A (en) Open lotus implantation methods during a kind of Spring Festival on New Year's Day
CN103416172A (en) Method overcoming long-term low temperature and continuous rain (snow) for cultivating vegetables in greenhouse
CN107278602A (en) A kind of implantation methods of honeysuckle
CN106577236A (en) Organic ecological soilless cultivation technology for eggplants
CN104737765A (en) Container nursery method for thunberg lespedeza
CN109380068A (en) One overcomes the cultural method of western muskmelon low temperature runt seedling
CN107211717A (en) A kind of muskmelon heliogreenhouse early spring, strawberry cultivation method autumn and winter
CN1537416A (en) High efficiency and quick-action growing seedlings of fiddlehead, its growing container, and composite high-efficiency nursery stock easy to be planted and survived
CN103125248B (en) Cultivation method of organic ginseng
CN106069482A (en) A kind of inoculation method of selenium-rich tall bottle with spout Fructus Jujubae

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination