CN109374338A - A kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device - Google Patents

A kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109374338A
CN109374338A CN201811544999.0A CN201811544999A CN109374338A CN 109374338 A CN109374338 A CN 109374338A CN 201811544999 A CN201811544999 A CN 201811544999A CN 109374338 A CN109374338 A CN 109374338A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bar
interior bar
drill bit
strut
pin block
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811544999.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李二猛
Original Assignee
李二猛
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李二猛 filed Critical 李二猛
Priority to CN201811544999.0A priority Critical patent/CN109374338A/en
Publication of CN109374338A publication Critical patent/CN109374338A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting devices, are related to soil remediation equipment field, and technical solution is outer bar and interior bar including socket, and drill bit is fixedly installed in the bottom end of interior bar, and drill body corresponding with drill bit is fixedly installed in the lower end of outer bar;The bottom end of drill bit and the periphery of drill body are provided with spiral fin, when being affixed with drill body of drill bit, and the spiral fins set of the two is combined into continuous helical;The body of rod of interior bar, the peripheral wall formation toroidal cavity of strut and drill bit are connected at the inside axis of drill bit by strut.The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention using simple and fast, using the structure of socket joint type, completes the soil isolation in soil collection, before punching and after punching.The soil collection of fixed point depth can be realized by only needing successively to rotate outer bar and interior bar when use.Other operating procedures are not needed, whole process is very easy to learn, and the soil acquired is collected in specific part, not will lead to the mixing of sampling soil and other soil.

Description

A kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil remediation equipment field, in particular to a kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device.
Background technique
For soil remediation work, the acquisition of pedotheque is then the basic work that related researcher conducts a research Make.It is increasingly sophisticated for the research of soil in particular with the continuous development of Environmental Protection in China cause, the acquisition for soil information Requirement it is also higher and higher.Mostly soil is acquired using soil sampler at present.
It is existing when being acquired using soil collection device, because soil collection amount usually as sample and little, and The acquisition environment that may be faced is complicated, therefore is at present mostly the artificial acquisition that pedotheque is carried out using soil sampler, acquisition When mainly pass through rotating handle drive connection bar or using tension weight churning so that the sampling head of soil sampler is inserted perpendicularly into Into soil, so that pedotheque enters in sampling head, then soil sample collector is directly enhanced from soil Or sampling head is taken out by rotating backward handle, finally sample is released into holding vessel from sampling head.
But the length of the collection tube of existing soil sampler is fixed, and when acquiring sample, the sample deeper to depth It can not extract, also be related to the acquisition device for deep soil in the prior art, but because of the one of collecting part and main body Change design, is inevitably influenced when acquisition by the upper layer of soil in boring procedure.
Summary of the invention
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object of the invention, in view of the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of fixed point layer depth soil collection Device.
Its technical solution is a kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device, outer bar and interior bar including socket, outer bar and interior bar Coaxially, drill bit is fixedly installed in the bottom end of the interior bar, and drill body corresponding with the drill bit is fixedly installed in the lower end of the outer bar;
The drill bit is cone, and drill body is cylindrical body, and the bottom surface of the drill body and the upper surface of the drill bit are affixed, the brill The bottom end of head and the periphery of drill body are provided with spiral fin, when being affixed with drill body of drill bit, the spiral fins set of the two It is combined into continuous helical;The body of rod of the interior bar, the peripheral wall of the strut and drill bit are connected at the inside axis of drill bit by strut Form toroidal cavity;
The upper outside of the outer bar is extended at the top of the interior bar;The outer handle of the upper socket of the outer bar;, the interior bar Upper socket Internal handle.
Preferably, pin block is arranged in the interior bar lower part, position corresponding with the drill body, and pin block is symmetricly set in described The two sides of bar;Slot is correspondingly arranged on the inner wall of the outer bar, with the pin block.
Preferably, the interior bar be provided with the pin block part be hollow tube-shape, the pin block top be horizontal plane, two Side is vertical plane, and lower part is inclined surface, wing plate of the pin block towards the side of interior bar axis setting arc, the arc of wing plate Shape face is corresponding with the arcwall face inside the interior bar;Pin block strut is arranged towards the side of the interior bar in the pin block;Two institutes It is coaxial to state the corresponding pin block strut of pin block;The pin block strut is telescopic spring bar.
The interior bar inside is vertical with the pin block branch rod axis, is provided with fixed plate, fixed plate two sides and the interior bar Inner wall be fixedly connected, pin block strut is fixed in the fixed plate.
Preferably, the diameter of the drill body part is greater than the diameter of the outer bar, external, the described drill body of the outer bar On put socket snap ring, the snap ring is annular solid, and the lower surface of the snap ring and the upper surface of drill body are affixed;The bar of the outer bar Baffle is fixedly installed in top on body, positioned at the snap ring;The ring body two sides of the snap ring are symmetrically horizontally disposed with foot-driven lever.
Several balls are arranged in the following table EDS maps of the snap ring.
Preferably, two fixation kits are respectively articulated at the both ends of rectangular cross with the foot-driven lever on the snap ring;
Each fixation kit includes two hinged struts, wherein a strut and the snap ring are hinged, in addition one The hinged fixed disk of strut.
Preferably, the positioning disk includes chassis, and tray bottom is distributed several taper salient points, chassis upper ball groove, ball groove Interior flexural pivot connects a ball link, and the top of ball link and a strut ends in the fixation kit are hinged.
Preferably, the strut is telescopic rod, and clamping screw is arranged in the telescopic location of the body of rod.
Preferably, the interior bar lower part be cylindrical body, top is hexagonal prism, the inner handle inner ring be with it is described interior The corresponding annular ring of bar hexagonal prism.
Preferably, the foot-driven lever is cylindrical rod body.
It is simple and fast that technical solution provided in an embodiment of the present invention has the benefit that the present invention uses, using set The structure for connecing formula completes the soil isolation in soil collection, before punching and after punching.It only needs successively to rotate when use outer Bar and interior bar can realize the soil collection of fixed point depth.Other operating procedures are not needed, whole process is very easy to learn, and acquires Soil collect in specific part, not will lead to the mixing of sampling soil and other soil.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the hiding drill body partial schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the pin block structure division schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the A partial enlarged view of Fig. 3.
Wherein, appended drawing reference are as follows: 1, outer bar;11, drill body;12, outer handle;13, snap ring;14, baffle;15, foot-driven lever;2, Interior bar;21, drill bit;22, Internal handle;23, toroidal cavity;24, pin block;241, wing plate;242, pin block strut;3, fixation kit; 31, strut;32, positioning disk;321, chassis;322, ball link.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.Certainly, described herein specific examples are only used to explain the present invention, is not used to Limit the present invention.
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the invention can To be combined with each other.
In the description of the invention, it is to be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", "upper", "lower", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside" is It is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, is merely for convenience of description the invention and simplifies description, rather than indicate Or imply that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore cannot understand For the limitation to the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " etc. are used for description purposes only, and should not be understood as indicating Or it implies relative importance or implicitly indicates the quantity of indicated technical characteristic." first ", " second " etc. are defined as a result, Feature can explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the invention, unless separately It is described, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
In the description of the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " peace Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally Connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, on being understood by concrete condition State concrete meaning of the term in the invention.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, the present invention provides a kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device, outer bar 1 and interior bar 2 including socket, outside Bar 1 and interior bar 2 are coaxial, and drill bit 21 is fixedly installed in the bottom end of interior bar 2, and drill body corresponding with drill bit 2 is fixedly installed in the lower end of outer bar 1 11;
Drill bit 21 is cone, and drill body 11 is cylindrical body, and the bottom surface of drill body 11 and the upper surface of drill bit 21 are affixed, the bottom of drill bit 21 End and the periphery of drill body 11 are provided with spiral fin, when being affixed with drill body 11 of drill bit 21, the spiral fins set of the two It is combined into continuous helical;The body of rod of interior bar 2 is connected at the inside axis of drill bit 21 by strut, the peripheral wall of strut and drill bit 21 is formed Toroidal cavity 23;
The top of interior bar 2 extends to the upper outside of outer bar 1;The outer handle 12 of the upper socket of outer bar 1;, the upper socket of interior bar 2 Internal handle 22.
Pin block 24 is arranged in 2 lower part of interior bar, position corresponding with drill body 11, and pin block 24 is symmetricly set on the two sides of interior bar 2;Outside Slot is correspondingly arranged on the inner wall of bar 1, with pin block 24.
The part that interior bar 2 is provided with pin block 24 is hollow tube-shape, and 24 top of pin block is horizontal plane, and two sides are vertical plane, under Portion is inclined surface, wing plate 241 of the pin block 24 towards the side of 2 axis of interior bar setting arc, the arcwall face and interior bar 2 of wing plate 241 Internal arcwall face is corresponding;Pin block strut 242 is arranged towards the side of interior bar 2 in pin block 24;Two corresponding pin block branch of pin block 24 Bar 242 is coaxial;Pin block strut 242 is telescopic spring bar.
2 inside of interior bar is vertical with 242 axis of pin block strut, is provided with fixed plate, and the inner wall of fixed plate two sides and interior bar 2 is solid Fixed connection, pin block strut 242 are fixed in the fixed plate.
The diameter of 11 part of drill body is greater than the diameter of outer bar 1, the outside of outer bar 1, drill body 11 on put socket snap ring 13, card Ring 13 is annular solid, and the lower surface of snap ring 13 and the upper surface of drill body 11 are affixed;On the body of rod of outer bar 1, positioned at the upper of snap ring 13 Side's fixed setting baffle 14;The ring body two sides of snap ring 13, symmetrically horizontally disposed foot-driven lever 15.
Several balls are arranged in the following table EDS maps of snap ring 13.
Two fixation kits 3 are respectively articulated at the both ends of rectangular cross with the foot-driven lever 15 on snap ring 13;
Each fixation kit 3 includes two hinged struts 31, wherein a strut 31 and snap ring 13 are hinged, an other branch The hinged fixed disk 32 of bar 31.
Positioning disk 32 includes chassis 321, and 321 bottom of chassis is distributed several taper salient points, 321 top ball groove of chassis, ball groove Interior flexural pivot connects a ball link 322, the top and 31 end of strut in fixation kit 3 of ball link 322 Hingedly.
Strut 31 is telescopic rod, and clamping screw is arranged in the telescopic location of the body of rod.
It is cylindrical cavity inside outer bar 1,2 lower part of interior bar is cylindrical body, and top is hexagonal prism, the inner ring of Internal handle 22 For annular ring corresponding with 2 hexagonal prism of interior bar.The catercorner length of the hexagonal prism of interior bar 2 is less than or equal to 1 cylindrical body of outer bar The diameter of cavity.
Foot-driven lever 15 is cylindrical rod body.
The present apparatus is perpendicular to the ground by outer bar in use, selection first needs to carry out the point of soil collection and positioned, and puts Positioning component 3 has been set, positioning disk 32 has been trampled with foot, is bonded chassis 321 with ground, then slam foot-driven lever 15, rotate simultaneously Outer handle 12, under the action of outer handle 12 and snap ring 13, drill body 11 applies the pin block 24 of interior bar 2 while outer bar 1 rotates Downward pressure and horizontal rotation strength, under the action of both strength, pin block 24 will not be shunk, to realize drill body 11 It is rotated synchronously with drill bit 21, that is, realizes the movement punched downwards.When being drilled into demand depth, operator catches on foot with instep Then the bottom of treadle rotates Internal handle 22, Internal handle 22 drives interior bar 2 to rotate, by Internal handle 22 to interior bar 2 and below Drill bit 21 apply one downwards and the power of rotation because 24 lower surface of pin block is inclined surface, and the inclined surface is by interior bar 2 It radially, towards oblique upper is tilted at axis, so pin block 24 causes to bore to contract under the downward pressure effect of interior bar 2 First 21 separate with drill body 11, thus drill bit 21 continue the soil for being rotated down, and having been bored at this time by its helical fin then can be upward Movement is fallen into toroidal cavity 23.After the completion of acquisition, interior outer bar need to only be extracted out, needs can be obtained out of toroidal cavity 23 The soil of sampling depth.
1, outer bar;11, drill body;12, outer handle;13, snap ring;14, baffle;15, foot-driven lever;2, interior bar;21, drill bit;22, Internal handle;23, toroidal cavity;24, pin block;241, wing plate;242, pin block strut;3, fixation kit;31, strut;32, it positions Disk;321, chassis;322, ball link.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device, which is characterized in that outer bar (1) and interior bar (2) including socket, outer bar (1) Coaxially with interior bar (2), drill bit (21) are fixedly installed in the bottom end of the interior bar (2), the lower end fixed setting of the outer bar (1) and institute State the corresponding drill body (11) of drill bit (2);
The drill bit (21) is cone, and drill body (11) is cylindrical body, bottom surface and the drill bit (21) of the drill body (11) Upper surface is affixed, and the bottom end of the drill bit (21) and the periphery of drill body (11) are provided with spiral fin, drill bit (21) with When drill body (11) is affixed, the spiral fins set of the two is combined into continuous helical;Connected at the inside axis of drill bit (21) by strut Connect the body of rod of the interior bar (2), peripheral wall formation toroidal cavity (23) of the strut and drill bit (21);
The upper outside of the outer bar (1) is extended at the top of the interior bar (2);The outer handle of the upper socket of the outer bar (1) (12);, the upper socket Internal handle (22) of the interior bar (2).
2. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that interior bar (2) lower part and institute Corresponding position setting pin block (24) of drill body (11) is stated, pin block (24) is symmetricly set on the two sides of the interior bar (2);The outer bar (1) slot is correspondingly arranged on inner wall, with the pin block (24).
3. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that interior bar (2) setting is The part for stating pin block (24) is hollow tube-shape, and pin block (24) top is horizontal plane, and two sides are vertical plane, and lower part is inclination Face, wing plate (241) of the pin block (24) towards the side of the interior bar (2) axis setting arc;Pin block (24) direction Pin block strut (242) are arranged in the side of the interior bar (2);The corresponding pin block strut (242) of two pin blocks (24) is same Axis;The pin block strut (242) is telescopic spring bar.
4. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that drill body (11) part it is straight Diameter is greater than the diameter of the outer bar (1), and socket snap ring (13) is put on external, the described drill body (11) of the outer bar (1), described Snap ring (13) is annular solid, and the lower surface of the snap ring (13) and the upper surface of drill body (11) are affixed;The body of rod of the outer bar (1) Baffle (14) are fixedly installed in top that is upper, being located at the snap ring (13);The ring body two sides of the snap ring (13) are symmetrically horizontally disposed with Foot-driven lever (15).
5. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that with the institute on the snap ring (13) It states foot-driven lever (15) and is respectively articulated with two fixation kits (3) at the both ends of rectangular cross;
Each fixation kit (3) includes two hinged struts (31), wherein a strut (31) and the snap ring (13) hingedly, the other hinged fixed disk (32) of strut (31).
6. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the positioning disk (32) includes bottom Disk (321), chassis (321) bottom are distributed several taper salient points, chassis (321) top ball groove, and flexural pivot connects a ball in ball groove Shape connector (322), the top of ball link (322) and strut (31) end in the fixation kit (3) are hinged.
7. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device described in -6 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the strut (31) is flexible Clamping screw is arranged in the telescopic location of bar, the body of rod.
8. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device described in -7 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that interior bar (2) lower part is Cylindrical body, top are hexagonal prism, and the inner ring of the Internal handle (22) is annular corresponding with the interior bar (2) hexagonal prism Circle.
9. fixed point layer depth soil collecting device described in -8 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the foot-driven lever (15) is circle The cylindricality body of rod.
CN201811544999.0A 2018-12-17 2018-12-17 A kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device Pending CN109374338A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811544999.0A CN109374338A (en) 2018-12-17 2018-12-17 A kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811544999.0A CN109374338A (en) 2018-12-17 2018-12-17 A kind of fixed point layer depth soil collecting device

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CN109374338A true CN109374338A (en) 2019-02-22

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110220739A (en) * 2019-06-19 2019-09-10 武汉中科岩土工程有限责任公司 A kind of geotechnical investigation sampler
CN110274784A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-24 吴祖铭 A kind of soil sampling apparatus used for geological prospecting

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101493109A (en) * 2008-01-26 2009-07-29 旭丽电子(广州)有限公司 Expansion regulating mechanism
CN206056983U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-29 武汉浩瀚机电设备有限公司 A kind of sampler shutter and the sampler of the sampler shutter is installed
CN206683874U (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-11-28 王东辰 A kind of geological sampling device
CN206945332U (en) * 2017-06-22 2018-01-30 湖南瑞丰生物科技有限公司 A kind of soft fertile detection sampler of soil for land
CN108801680A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-13 广西壮族自治区环境监测中心站 A kind of soil sampling apptss and its application method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101493109A (en) * 2008-01-26 2009-07-29 旭丽电子(广州)有限公司 Expansion regulating mechanism
CN206056983U (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-03-29 武汉浩瀚机电设备有限公司 A kind of sampler shutter and the sampler of the sampler shutter is installed
CN206683874U (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-11-28 王东辰 A kind of geological sampling device
CN206945332U (en) * 2017-06-22 2018-01-30 湖南瑞丰生物科技有限公司 A kind of soft fertile detection sampler of soil for land
CN108801680A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-13 广西壮族自治区环境监测中心站 A kind of soil sampling apptss and its application method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110220739A (en) * 2019-06-19 2019-09-10 武汉中科岩土工程有限责任公司 A kind of geotechnical investigation sampler
CN110274784A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-24 吴祖铭 A kind of soil sampling apparatus used for geological prospecting
CN110274784B (en) * 2019-06-27 2022-08-09 广东航佳岩土工程有限公司 Soil sampling device for geological exploration

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