CN109374319A - A kind of single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection method pressing ton bogey and its using - Google Patents

A kind of single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection method pressing ton bogey and its using Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109374319A
CN109374319A CN201811149045.XA CN201811149045A CN109374319A CN 109374319 A CN109374319 A CN 109374319A CN 201811149045 A CN201811149045 A CN 201811149045A CN 109374319 A CN109374319 A CN 109374319A
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China
Prior art keywords
pressure head
ton
attachment base
partial pressure
loading plate
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CN201811149045.XA
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CN109374319B (en
Inventor
李伟华
邹剑锋
吴建强
胡宏伟
周增光
陈文兴
刘华学
付秀军
苗培实
张晋
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CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
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CRRC Yangtze Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M17/00Testing of vehicles
    • G01M17/08Railway vehicles

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of pressure ton bogey and its single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection methods used, and above-mentioned pressure ton bogey includes: loading plate;Main pressure head attachment base, main pressure head attachment base is set to the top of loading plate, and its axial line is overlapped with the axial line of loading plate;Multiple main pressure head fastening bolts, main pressure head fastening bolt are threaded through the side wall of main pressure head attachment base and extend in main pressure head attachment base;Two partial pressure head attachment bases, two partial pressure head attachment bases are symmetrically disposed on loading plate;And four partial pressure heads, every two divide head and are set on partial pressure head attachment base by axisymmetrical of each vertical pole.In pressure ton bogey provided by the invention, head attachment base can be divided along " H " shape that the length direction of loading plate slides by setting and setting can be along the partial pressure head of partial pressure head attachment base width direction sliding thereon, so that operator can reasonably adjust partial pressure head according to side bearing spacing, vertical load is transferred to each side bearing and carries out pressure ton experiment.

Description

A kind of single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection method pressing ton bogey and its using
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical equipment technical field more particularly to a kind of pressure ton bogey and its uniaxial steerings used Overhead carriage high detection method.
Background technique
As clearly proposition is sent out in State Council's promulgated by the State Council [2014] 42 " Logistics Developing medium-term and long-term plans (2014-2020) " The multimodal transports systems such as ocean-rail transportation, molten iron through transport, highway railway combined transport, truck-air-truck (TAT) are opened up, China's multimodal transport meets development and carried out war Slightly opportunity period.
Railway freight-car is a kind of important through transport tool in highway railway combined transport in above-mentioned multimodal transport, and as in railway freight-car A kind of important component, the roller bearing adapter stabilizer bar runed on China railways line are mostly the cartridge bearing structure of two axis, three axis and multiaxis.
The development of Adjoint technology, novel single-axle bogie are more and more developed and are utilized.Novel single-axle bogie As a kind of welding bogie framework type railway goods train bogie of side bearing loading structure, with China's highway railway combined transport convertible car tradition Articulated two axis, three axis and multiaxle bogies are compared, and have be self-possessed small, load rate height, high conversion efficiency, minor radius bent The advantages that line handling capacity is strong.
In process of production, pressure ton test need to be carried out after the completion of bogie manufacture, under car body empty wagons load working condition with inspection Survey bogie unladen height, and verify design and manufacture during the damping rigidity of bogie, load-bearing rigidity, part dimension chain, Bogie assembling quality and the accordance and reliability for guaranteeing the performance indicators such as car body hitch height.
However, two axis, three axis and multiaxial type roller bearing adapter stabilizer bar are cartridge bearing structure, above-mentioned bearing structure loading end list One, and novel single-axle bogie is side bearing loading and uniaxial unstable structure, loading end is more, presses ton hour single-shaft configuration stability Difference, and the pressure ton machine that general manufacturer uses is single pressure head, therefore, how in the premise for not increasing cost input on a large scale It is lower to realize novel single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection, it is to promote and be badly in need of using manufacturer during the type structure bogie It solves the problems, such as.
Summary of the invention
For the above problem existing for existing single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection, now provide a kind of pressure ton bogey and A kind of its single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection method used, it is desirable to provide the existing single pressure head pressure ton machine of effective use carries out pressure ton The method and device thereof of experiment.
Specific technical solution is as follows:
The first aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of pressure ton bogey, has the feature that, comprising:
For carrying the loading plate of pressure ton machine vertical load;
Main pressure head attachment base, main pressure head attachment base are set to the top of loading plate, and the axial line of its axial line and loading plate It is overlapped;
Multiple to be used to the main pressure head of ton machine be pressed to be anchored on the main pressure head fastening bolt in main pressure head attachment base, main pressure head is tight Fixing bolt is threaded through the side wall of main pressure head attachment base and extends in main pressure head attachment base;
Two partial pressure head attachment bases, two partial pressure head attachment bases are symmetrically disposed on loading plate, and partial pressure head attachment base includes Two cross bars being oppositely arranged and the vertical pole being connected between two cross bars, vertical pole can along the length direction of loading plate slide and it is tight It is fixed on loading plate;And
Four partial pressure heads, every two divide head and are set on partial pressure head attachment base by axisymmetrical of each vertical pole, and point Pressure head can be slided along cross bar.
Above-mentioned pressure ton bogey, also has the feature that, is set on loading plate there are two kidney slot, kidney slot edge is held The length direction of support plate extends, and vertical pole can be slided along the length direction of kidney slot and the fastening bolt by being arranged in kidney slot It is anchored on loading plate.
Above-mentioned pressure ton bogey, also has the feature that, the top for dividing head is equipped with cap edge, and partial pressure head passes through cap Edge is arranged between two cross bars.
Above-mentioned pressure ton bogey, also has the feature that, the number of main pressure head fastening bolt is two, two masters Pressure head fastening bolt is symmetrically set on main pressure head attachment base.
The second aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of single-axle bogie empty wagons the Supreme People's Procuratorate using above-mentioned pressure ton bogey Survey method, has the feature that, includes the following steps:
1) computer and pressure ton machine, are opened, confirmation pressure ton machine state simultaneously carries out daily qualification to pressure ton machine;
2), ton bogey will be pressed to mount in pressure ton owner pressure head by main pressure head attachment base using main pressure head fastening bolt On;
3) two deviation load prevention apparatus, are loaded on single-axle bogie unstability to be detected side respectively, adjustment deviation load prevention apparatus is high Degree, when so that inclined height difference being greater than empty wagons load at the lateral centre of the same upper plane of bogie frame and deviation load prevention apparatus The theoretical falling head of bogie frame;
4) single-axle bogie to be detected, is pushed into detection station, and divides head attachment base longitudinal direction phase by gauge adjustment two sides To position, the lateral position of two partial pressure heads on partial pressure head attachment base is adjusted by ipsilateral side bearing horizontal spacing, so that single shaft to be detected The axial line that the axial line with bogey of each side bearing respectively divide head in bogie is overlapped;
5) the load F, empty wagons high standard value H, carrying of single-axle bogie to be detected, are set in COMPUTER DETECTION software Device compensates height h1, then the hydraulic station that computerizeds control, to pressing ton owner pressure head to provide pressure, partial pressure head, which compresses cartridge face, compels Make bogie spring-compressed, computer monitors overall process in real time by pressure and displacement transducer, calculating partial pressure head initial bit It is " 0 " that set, which moves, initial partial pressure head rail face height is h2, after load reaches setting value F, system automatically records divides head at this time Decline displacement s, and convert, export actual measurement unladen height h, h=h2-h1- s, computer judge automatically whether meet empty wagons according to h High standard value H tolerance range, simultaneous computer control hydraulic station and reduce pressure, and main pressure head rises, and press ton off-test.
Hollow car high standard value H deviation containing Upper-lower Limit of the present invention, it is main pressure head attachment base that bogey, which compensates height h1, Intracavity bottom extremely divides the side bearing mating surface height value of head.
The beneficial effect of above scheme is:
It, can be along " H " shape point that the length direction of loading plate slides by setting in pressure ton bogey provided by the invention Pressure head attachment base and thereon setting can be along the partial pressure heads of partial pressure head attachment base width direction sliding, so that operator can be according to side It holds spacing and reasonably adjusts partial pressure head, vertical load on ton owner's pressure head will be pressed to be transferred to each side bearing and carry out pressure ton experiment.This Invention provide pressure ton bogey have the advantages that structure simply, practical function.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overlooking structure diagram of the pressure ton machine bogey provided in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that the application pressure ton machine bogey provided in the embodiment of the present invention carries out the detection signal of empty wagons high detection Figure.
In attached drawing: 1, loading plate;2, main pressure head attachment base;3, main pressure head fastening bolt;4, head attachment base is divided;41, horizontal Bar;42, vertical pole;5, head is divided;6, kidney slot;7, ton machine is pressed;8, ton owner pressure head is pressed;9, deviation load prevention apparatus;10, list to be detected Axle bogie.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art without creative labor it is obtained it is all its His embodiment, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the present invention can phase Mutually combination.
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and specific examples, but not as the limitation of the invention.
Fig. 1 is the overlooking structure diagram of the pressure ton machine bogey provided in the embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 1, The pressure ton machine bogey provided in the embodiment of the present invention, comprising: for carrying the loading plate 1 of pressure ton machine vertical load;It is main Pressure head attachment base 2, main pressure head attachment base 2 is set to the top of loading plate 1, and its axial line is overlapped with the axial line of loading plate 1;Two It is a to be used to the main pressure head of ton machine be pressed to be anchored on the main pressure head fastening bolt 3 in main pressure head attachment base 2, main pressure head fastening bolt 3 It is threaded through the side wall of main pressure head attachment base 2 and extends in main pressure head attachment base 2;Two partial pressure head attachment bases in " H " shape 4, two partial pressure head attachment bases 4 are symmetrically disposed on loading plate 1, and partial pressure head attachment base 4 includes two cross bars 41 being oppositely arranged And the vertical pole 42 being connected between two cross bars 41, vertical pole 42 can slide along the length direction of loading plate 1 and be anchored on loading plate 1 On, cross bar 41 is extended along the width direction of loading plate 1 in the present invention;And four partial pressure heads 5, every two divide head 5 with Each vertical pole 42 is that axisymmetrical is set on partial pressure head attachment base 4, and partial pressure head 5 can be slided along cross bar 41, specifically, this hair The top of bright middle partial pressure head 5 is equipped with cap edge, and partial pressure head 5 makes it can by cap along being arranged between two cross bars 41 in the present invention Along the width direction sliding of partial pressure head attachment base 2.
Using the vertical load of the carrying pressure ton machine of loading plate 1 in the present invention, and will by the partial pressure head 5 of 1 bottom of loading plate Above-mentioned vertical load is transferred in each side bearing of single-axle bogie, pressure ton bogey provided by the invention can overcome it is existing under the conditions of The drawbacks of empty wagons load can not being passed to side bearing due to single pressure head bogie pressure ton compressing head is located at bogie pivot center.
Specifically, being set on loading plate 1 in the present invention there are two kidney slot 6, kidney slot 6 prolongs along the length direction of loading plate 1 It stretches, vertical pole 42 can be slided along the length direction of kidney slot 6 and the fastening bolt by being arranged in kidney slot 6 is anchored on loading plate On 1, make operator that can first divide the spacing of head attachment base 2 according to gauge adjustment by the way that kidney slot 6 is arranged in the present invention, then match The spacing that head 5 is divided on side bearing spacing adjustment partial pressure head attachment base 2 is closed, to adapt to the needs of pressure ton experiment.
Single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection method is carried out using above-mentioned pressure ton bogey in the present invention to include the following steps:
1) computer and pressure ton machine 7, are opened, confirmation pressure 7 state of ton machine simultaneously carries out daily qualification to pressure ton machine 7;
2), ton bogey will be pressed to mount by main pressure head attachment base 2 using main pressure head fastening bolt 3 to press in pressure ton owner On first 8, it is desirable that the center of main pressure head attachment base 2 is overlapped with pressure ton machine 7 along rail direction centre mark line;
3), two deviation load prevention apparatus 9 are loaded on 10 unstability side of single-axle bogie to be detected respectively, adjust deviation load prevention apparatus 9 height, so that inclined height difference is carried greater than empty wagons at the lateral centre of the same upper plane of bogie frame and deviation load prevention apparatus 9 The theoretical falling head of bogie frame when lotus;
4) single-axle bogie 10 to be detected, is pushed into detection station, and longitudinal by gauge adjustment two sides partial pressure head attachment base 4 Relative position, by ipsilateral side bearing horizontal spacing adjust partial pressure head attachment base 4 on two partial pressure heads 5 lateral position, as far as possible guarantee to The axial line that the axial line of each side bearing respectively divides first 5 with bogey in detection single-axle bogie 10 is overlapped;
5) the load F of single-axle bogie 10 to be detected, is set in COMPUTER DETECTION software, empty wagons high standard value H (contains Upper-lower Limit deviation), bogey compensate height h1(the inner chamber bottom surface of i.e. main pressure head attachment base 2 to partial pressure 5 side bearing of head cooperation The height value in face), then the hydraulic station that computerizeds control, to pressing ton owner pressure head 8 to provide pressure, partial pressure head 5, which compresses cartridge face, to be forced Bogie spring-compressed, computer monitor overall process in real time by pressure and displacement transducer, 5 initial position of calculating partial pressure head Displacement is " 0 ", 5 rail level height of initial partial pressure head is h2, after load reaches setting value F, system automatically records partial pressure head 5 at this time Decline displacement s, and convert, export actual measurement unladen height h, h=h2-h1- s, computer judge automatically whether meet empty wagons according to h High standard value H tolerance range, simultaneous computer control hydraulic station and reduce pressure, and main pressure head rises, and press ton off-test.
Deviation load prevention apparatus can be commercially available type deviation load prevention apparatus in the present invention, can also be to make deviation load prevention apparatus by oneself in the present invention, Making deviation load prevention apparatus in the present invention by oneself includes L shape mounting plate, hydraulic pressure support bar, idler wheel, and mounting plate includes that transverse slat and one end connect The stringer board being connected on transverse slat, hydraulic pressure support bar one end are connected to transverse slat bottom, and the other end and idler wheel are rotatablely connected, when transverse slat support Stringer board is anchored on single-axle bogie 10 to be detected using fastening bolt when the framework of single-axle bogie 10 to be detected.
The above is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, are not intended to limit the implementation manners and the protection scope of the present invention, right For those skilled in the art, it should can appreciate that and all replace with being equal made by description of the invention and diagramatic content It changes and obviously changes obtained scheme, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of pressure ton bogey characterized by comprising
For carrying the loading plate (1) of pressure ton machine vertical load;
Main pressure head attachment base (2), the main pressure head attachment base (2) are set to the top of the loading plate (1), and its axial line and institute The axial line for stating loading plate (1) is overlapped;
It is multiple to be used to the main pressure head of ton machine be pressed to be anchored on the main pressure head fastening bolt (3) in the main pressure head attachment base (2), institute Main pressure head fastening bolt (3) is stated to be threaded through the side wall of the main pressure head attachment base (2) and extend to the main pressure head attachment base (2) in;
Two partial pressure head attachment bases (4), two partial pressure head attachment bases (4) are symmetrically disposed on the loading plate (1), described Divide the vertical pole that head attachment base (4) include two cross bars being oppositely arranged (41) and are connected between two cross bars (41) (42), the vertical pole (42) can be slided along the length direction of the loading plate (1) and be anchored on the loading plate (1);And
Four partial pressure heads (5), partial pressure head (5) described in every two are that axisymmetrical is set to described point with each vertical pole (42) On pressure head attachment base (4), and the partial pressure head (5) can be slided along the cross bar (41).
2. pressure ton bogey according to claim 1, which is characterized in that kidney-shaped there are two being set on the loading plate (1) Hole (6), the kidney slot (6) extend along the length direction of the loading plate (1), and the vertical pole (42) can be along the kidney slot (6) length direction sliding and the fastening bolt by being arranged in the kidney slot (6) is anchored on the loading plate (1).
3. pressure ton bogey according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the top of partial pressure head (5) is equipped with cap Edge, the partial pressure head (5) are arranged between two cross bars (41) by the cap edge.
4. pressure ton bogey according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the number of the main pressure head fastening bolt (3) Mesh is two, and two main pressure head fastening bolts (3) are symmetrically set on the main pressure head attachment base (2).
5. a kind of single-axle bogie empty wagons high detection method using any one of the claim 1-4 pressure ton bogey, It is characterized in that, includes the following steps:
1) computer and pressure ton machine (7), are opened, confirm pressure ton machine (7) state and routine is carried out to the pressure ton machine (7) It can verification;
2), ton bogey will be pressed to mount by main pressure head attachment base (2) using main pressure head fastening bolt (3) to press in pressure ton owner On head (8);
3), two deviation load prevention apparatus (9) are loaded on single-axle bogie to be detected (10) unstability side respectively, adjust the unbalanced-loading preventing Device (9) height, so that the lateral centre of the same upper plane of the framework of the single-axle bogie to be detected (10) is prevented with described Inclined height difference is greater than the theoretical falling head of bogie frame when empty wagons load at unbalance loading device (9);
4) single-axle bogie (10) to be detected, is pushed into detection station, and by gauge adjustment two sides partial pressure head attachment base (4) Longitudinally opposed position, by the lateral position of two partial pressures head (5) on ipsilateral side bearing horizontal spacing adjustment partial pressure head attachment base (4) It sets, so that the axial line Yu bogey of each side bearing respectively divide the axial line of head (5) in the single-axle bogie to be detected (10) It is overlapped;
5) the load F, empty wagons high standard value H, carrying of single-axle bogie to be detected (10), are set in COMPUTER DETECTION software Device compensates height h1, then the hydraulic station that computerizeds control, to pressing ton owner pressure head (8) to provide pressure, partial pressure head (5) compresses the heart Disk forces bogie spring-compressed, and computer monitors overall process in real time by pressure and displacement transducer, calculating partial pressure head (5) initial position displacement is " 0 ", initial partial pressure head (5) rail level height is h2, after load reaches setting value F, system is remembered automatically The record displacement s of partial pressure head (5) decline at this time, and convert, export actual measurement unladen height h, h=h2-h1- s, computer are sentenced automatically according to h Disconnected whether to meet empty wagons high standard value H tolerance range, simultaneous computer controls hydraulic station and reduces pressure, and main pressure head rises, pressure ton examination Test end.
CN201811149045.XA 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 Ton bearing device and single-shaft steering overhead vehicle height detection method used by same Active CN109374319B (en)

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