CN109362320A - A kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest facility - Google Patents

A kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest facility Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109362320A
CN109362320A CN201811338047.3A CN201811338047A CN109362320A CN 109362320 A CN109362320 A CN 109362320A CN 201811338047 A CN201811338047 A CN 201811338047A CN 109362320 A CN109362320 A CN 109362320A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
radix notoginseng
greenhouse
operation handle
controller
steering wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811338047.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109362320B (en
Inventor
张兆国
余齐航
孙连烛
杨曦
刀方
李汉青
郝思佳
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kunming University of Science and Technology filed Critical Kunming University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201811338047.3A priority Critical patent/CN109362320B/en
Publication of CN109362320A publication Critical patent/CN109362320A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109362320B publication Critical patent/CN109362320B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D15/00Digging machines with sieve graters but without conveying mechanisms
    • A01D15/04Digging machines with sieve graters but without conveying mechanisms with moving or vibrating grates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters
    • A01D33/08Special sorting and cleaning mechanisms

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng to harvest facility, belongs to agricultural mechanical equipment field.The present invention is made of digging system, running gear, driver's cabin.The digging system is walked for completing greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest, the running gear for realizing Radix Notoginseng in greenhouse, and the driver's cabin is staff operating space.Limited, the less problem in the vacant lot of Radix Notoginseng ridge two sides for the indoor place of temperature, the present invention can be realized harvest Radix Notoginseng in greenhouse, and the turning radius with very little can easily be completed to turn to and change ridge, production efficiency can be improved.

Description

A kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest facility
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng to harvest facility, belongs to agricultural harvesting machinery apparatus field.
Background technique
Radix Notoginseng also known as pseudo-ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng, Typhonium flagelliforme (Lodd.) Blume, mountain paint etc., are araliaceae ginseng plant, have very high doctor Medicine and nutritive value.Due to the special geographic climate in Yunnan, make Yunnan with becoming source area and the main product of Radix Notoginseng, and close Nian Lai, Yunnan Province have put into effect the policy and file of several quickening Chinese Medicine Industry development, have further speeded up the hair of Radix Notoginseng industry Exhibition.
With constantly improve for Radix Notoginseng market, the economic benefit and social benefit of Radix Notoginseng are more highlighted, but due to Radix Notoginseng spy Different agriculture requirement and habit, it is insufficient for the land area of notoginseng planting at present, it is badly in need of greenhouse industrialized cultivation, but mesh The preceding Radix Notoginseng cropper there is no suitable for greenhouse track, substantially manually, the amount of labour is big for the harvesting of Radix Notoginseng, time-consuming and laborious, work When it is at high cost, for a long time, seriously constrain the development of Radix Notoginseng industry, therefore the Radix Notoginseng harvest for designing a kind of suitable greenhouse is set It applies, is of great significance to propulsion Radix Notoginseng industrialized development.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest facility is provided, it can be convenient complete in greenhouse Ridge is changed at steering.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest facility, including rack 1, work system, Running System System, driver's cabin;
The work system is mounted in rack 1, including excavating gear, vibration remove native device, lifting device, device frame 11, fill Set 11 installation frame of frame, 1 forward lower part, excavating gear includes digger blade 2, adjusting nut 3, connecting rod 4, fixed link 5, and fixed link 5 is solid It being scheduled on device frame 11 and is connected with adjusting nut 3,4 center of connecting rod is fixed in rack 1, and end is fixedly connected with digger blade 2, 4 center rear of connecting rod is equipped with groove, and the bottom end of adjusting nut 3 is withstood in the groove of connecting rod 4, and rotation adjusting nut 3 is adjustable to be connected The lifting of bar 4, to realize the angular adjustment of digger blade 2;It includes vibrating screen 6, eccentric cam 7, rotation axis that native device is removed in vibration 8, shaft coupling 9, motor 10, vibrating screen 6 are hinged on device frame 11 and contact with eccentric cam 7, eccentric cam 7 and rotation axis 8 Connection, rotation axis 8 and shaft coupling 9 connect, and shaft coupling 9 is connected with motor 10;Lifting device is by two lead screws, 12, two steppings 13, two feed rods 14 of motor form, and lead screw 12 and feed rod 14 are connected to 11 top both ends of device frame, stepper motor 13 and silk Thick stick 12 connects;
The running gear includes two steering wheel devices 15, two land wheels 16, battery pack 17, controller 18, operation handles 19, behaviour Make handle 19 and connect controller 18, controller 18 connects steering wheel device 15;Battery pack 17 respectively with controller 18, steering wheel device 15 Connection, steering wheel device 15 realize that the level angle adjustment of internal steering wheel and positive and negative rotation, land wheel 16 are mounted in rack 1, battery pack 17 are connected with motor 10 and two stepper motors 13 simultaneously.
Seat 20 is equipped in the driver's cabin, console 21, controller 18 is integrated in inside console 21, on console 21 Equipped with control switch, control switch is connect with stepper motor 13, controls the starting and closing of stepper motor.
Specifically, 19 four direction of operation handle shakes, and operation handle 19 shakes generated angle in it Portion forms optoelectronic angle, and optoelectronic angle passes to controller 18 by circuit, so that control flaps wheel apparatus 15 rotates, operation handle 19 when rocking from side to side, and two steering wheels in two steering wheel devices 15 rotate 60 degree, at the same it is one of rotate forward, another is inverted, When operation handle 19 rocks back and forth, two steering wheels linearly, while forward or reverse.
Preferably, the inlet of the driver's cabin is equipped with pedal 22.
Preferably, the console 21 is mounted on 20 side of seat, and operation handle 19 is located in driver's cabin and is mounted on control 21 top of platform processed.
Preferably, the middle part of the vibrating screen 6 is contacted with eccentric cam 7.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the facility meets the special agriculture requirement of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvest.
2, using storage battery power supply, emission-free discharge, environmental protection.
3, using Twin Rudders wheel drive, the turning radius with very little, the conversion of convenient working track;Equipment is placed in machine Below frame, there is elevating function, effectively reduce Radix Notoginseng cropper size, greenhouse inside turn is facilitated to switch tracks.
4, the vibrational structure that fitting device includes vibrates in such a way that eccentric cam is contacted with vibrating screen, can change vibration Frequency effectively realizes the root soil separation of Radix Notoginseng.
5, steering wheel is replaced using operation handle in driver's cabin, makes to operate more flexible, increase comfort.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall schematic of the invention;
Fig. 2 is side view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the excavating gear schematic diagram of work system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the vibration device side view of work system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the vibration device top view of work system of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the lifting device schematic diagram of work system of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is running gear schematic diagram of the present invention.
Each label in figure are as follows: 1- rack, 2- digger blade, 3- adjusting nut, 4- connecting rod, 5- fixed link, 6- vibrating screen, 7- are inclined Cardiac prominence wheel, 8- rotation axis, 9- shaft coupling, 10- motor, 11- device frame, 12- lead screw, 13- stepper motor, 14- feed rod, 15- rudder Wheel apparatus, 16- land wheel, 17- battery pack, 18- controller, 19- operation handle, 20- seat, 21- console, 22- pedal.
Specific embodiment
In the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1: as shown in figs. 1-7, a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvests facility, including rack 1, work system, running gear, Driver's cabin;Work system can excavate Radix Notoginseng, while can remove the soil on Roots of Panax Notoginseng block, realize the job requirements of Radix Notoginseng harvest, Running gear is able to achieve on the indoor cement tub of temperature and walks, while having turning function, and driver's cabin is that the operation of staff is empty Between;
The work system is mounted in rack 1, including excavating gear, vibration remove native device, lifting device, device frame 11, fill Set 11 installation frame of frame, 1 forward lower part, excavating gear includes digger blade 2, adjusting nut 3, connecting rod 4, fixed link 5, and fixed link 5 is solid It is scheduled on device frame 11 and is connected with adjusting nut 3, specifically, the middle part of fixed link 5 is equipped with threaded hole, and adjusting nut 3 passes through The threaded hole of fixed link 5 may be implemented it and moved up and down by rotating adjusting nut 3, and 4 center of connecting rod is fixed in rack 1, End is fixedly connected with digger blade 2, and 4 center rear of connecting rod is equipped with groove, and the bottom end of adjusting nut 3 is withstood in the groove of connecting rod 4, The other end of connecting rod 4 plays point action, rotates the liter of 3 adjustable link 4 of adjusting nut without fixation, the center of connecting rod 4 Drop, to realize the angular adjustment of digger blade 2, digger blade 2, which is able to achieve, to bury and soil breaking function;Vibration goes the native device to include Vibrating screen 6, eccentric cam 7, rotation axis 8, shaft coupling 9, motor 10, vibrating screen 6 be hinged on device frame 11 and with eccentric cam 7 Contact, eccentric cam 7 are connect with rotation axis 8, and rotation axis 8 and shaft coupling 9 connect, and shaft coupling 9 is connected with motor 10, motor 10 Rotation band moving cam 7 rotate, cam 7 contacts with vibrating screen, and the rotation of cam 7 drives vibrating screen, so that the slightly vibration of vibrating screen 6 It is dynamic, reach root soil separating effect;Lifting device is made of two feed rods 14 of stepper motor 13, two of lead screw 12, two, lead screw 12 11 top both ends of device frame are connected to feed rod 14, stepper motor 13 is connect with lead screw 12;Feed rod 14 plays effect of contraction, Move up and down device frame 11 can only;The rotation of stepper motor 13 drives lead screw 12 to rotate, and makes the device frame being fixed in rack 1 11 complete rise and fall functions, and the Radix Notoginseng planted in greenhouse is lower than the horizontal position of cement tub, and when work needs will work dress Decline is set, line feed needs to rise equipment when harvesting;
The running gear includes two steering wheel devices 15, two land wheels 16, battery pack 17, controller 18, operation handles 19, behaviour Make handle 19 and connect controller 18, controller 18 connects steering wheel device 15;Battery pack 17 and controller 18 connect, and are controller 18 Electric energy is provided, battery pack 17 is connect with steering wheel device 15 simultaneously, provides kinetic energy for steering wheel device 15.Operation handle 19 is by operator Member operation, it can be achieved that equipment operation, turn to, control operation, steering wheel device 15 realize internal steering wheel level angle adjustment with just Reversion, land wheel 16 is mounted in rack 1, plays support load-bearing effect, battery pack 17 simultaneously with motor 10 and two stepper motors 13 are connected, and provide power for the vibration and lifting of work system.
Seat 20 is equipped in the driver's cabin, console 21, controller 18 is integrated in inside console 21, on console 21 Equipped with control switch, control switch is connect with stepper motor 13, controls the starting and closing of stepper motor.
Specifically, 19 four direction of operation handle shakes, and operation handle 19 shakes generated angle in it Portion forms optoelectronic angle, and optoelectronic angle passes to controller 18 by circuit, so that control flaps wheel apparatus 15 rotates, operation handle 19 when rocking from side to side, and two steering wheels in two steering wheel devices 15 rotate 60 degree, at the same it is one of rotate forward, another is inverted, When operation handle 19 rocks back and forth, two steering wheels linearly, while forward or reverse.Steering wheel device 15, operation handle 19 It is outsourcing piece, is prior art commonly used equipment, therefore its specific structure does not elaborate.
Preferably, the inlet of the driver's cabin is equipped with pedal 22, and pedal 22 facilitates staff to enter driver's cabin.
Preferably, the console 21 is mounted on 20 side of seat, and operation handle 19 is located in driver's cabin and is mounted on control 21 top of platform processed.
Preferably, the middle part of the vibrating screen 6 is contacted with eccentric cam 7.
The working principle of the invention is: when cropper is run, opening the control switch on console 21, stepper motor 13 opens It is dynamic, work system is fallen, control handle 19 can travel forward, and complete the harvest of a ridge Radix Notoginseng, when harvesting next ridge Radix Notoginseng, rise Work system reaches to left or right control handle, it can be achieved that Radix Notoginseng cropper is turned to tight turn radius and changes ridge effect.
Specific embodiments of the present invention are explained in detail above in conjunction with attached drawing, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned realities Example is applied, it within the knowledge of a person skilled in the art, can also be without departing from the purpose of the present invention Various changes can be made.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng harvests facility, it is characterised in that: including rack (1), work system, running gear, driver's cabin;
The work system is mounted on rack (1), including excavating gear, vibration remove native device, lifting device, device frame (11), device frame (11) installation frame (1) forward lower part, excavating gear include digger blade (2), adjusting nut (3), connecting rod (4), Fixed link (5), fixed link (5) are fixed on device frame (11) and are connected with adjusting nut (3), and connecting rod (4) center is fixed on machine On frame (1), end is fixedly connected with digger blade (2), and connecting rod (4) center rear is equipped with groove, and the bottom end of adjusting nut (3) is withstood on In the groove of connecting rod (4), the lifting of adjusting nut (3) adjustable link (4) is rotated, to realize the angle tune of digger blade (2) Section;It includes vibrating screen (6), eccentric cam (7), rotation axis (8), shaft coupling (9), motor (10), vibrating screen that native device is removed in vibration (6) it is hinged on device frame (11) and is contacted with eccentric cam (7), eccentric cam (7) is connect with rotation axis (8), rotation axis (8) It is connected with shaft coupling (9), shaft coupling (9) is connected with motor (10);Lifting device is by two lead screws (12), two stepper motors (13), two feed rod (14) compositions, lead screw (12) and feed rod (14) are connected to both ends above device frame (11), stepper motor (13) it is connect with lead screw (12);
The running gear includes two steering wheel devices (15), two land wheels (16), battery pack (17), controller (18), operation Handle (19), operation handle (19) connect controller (18), and controller (18) connects steering wheel device (15);Battery pack (17) is respectively It being connect with controller (18), steering wheel device (15), steering wheel device (15) realizes the level angle adjustment and positive and negative rotation of internal steering wheel, Land wheel (16) is mounted on rack (1), and battery pack (17) is connected with motor (10) and two stepper motors (13) simultaneously.
Seat (20) are equipped in the driver's cabin, console (21), controller (18) is integrated in console (21) inside, console (21) it is equipped with control switch, control switch is connect with stepper motor (13), controls the starting and closing of stepper motor.
2. a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1 harvests facility, it is characterised in that: the operation handle (19) four A direction is shaken, and operation handle (19) shakes generated angle and is formed in the interior thereof optoelectronic angle, and optoelectronic angle passes through circuit Controller (18) are passed to, so that control flaps wheel apparatus (15) rotates, when operation handle (19) rocks from side to side, two steering wheel devices (15) two steering wheels in rotate 60 degree, while one of rotating forward, another is inverted, when operation handle (19) rocks back and forth, Two steering wheels linearly, while forward or reverse.
3. a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1 harvests facility, it is characterised in that: the inlet of the driver's cabin is set There are pedal (22).
4. a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1 harvests facility, it is characterised in that: the console (21) is mounted on Seat (20) side, operation handle (19) are located in driver's cabin and are mounted on above console (21).
5. a kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng according to claim 1 harvests facility, it is characterised in that: the middle part of the vibrating screen (6) It is contacted with eccentric cam (7).
CN201811338047.3A 2018-11-12 2018-11-12 Greenhouse pseudo-ginseng results facility Expired - Fee Related CN109362320B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811338047.3A CN109362320B (en) 2018-11-12 2018-11-12 Greenhouse pseudo-ginseng results facility

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811338047.3A CN109362320B (en) 2018-11-12 2018-11-12 Greenhouse pseudo-ginseng results facility

Publications (2)

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CN109362320A true CN109362320A (en) 2019-02-22
CN109362320B CN109362320B (en) 2021-04-27

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CN201811338047.3A Expired - Fee Related CN109362320B (en) 2018-11-12 2018-11-12 Greenhouse pseudo-ginseng results facility

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2855809Y (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-01-10 山东潍坊拖拉机厂集团有限公司 Tractor used in green-house (or plastic tunel)
JP2010051210A (en) * 2008-08-27 2010-03-11 Iseki & Co Ltd Working machine for assisting harvest
DE102014011776A1 (en) * 2014-08-12 2016-02-18 Rudolf Behr Apparatus for detecting pests during the harvesting process of soil-growing crops, for example radishes
CN105676850A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-06-15 广州市远能物流自动化设备科技有限公司 Steering wheel type automatic guided transport vehicle
CN107820826A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-03-23 昆明理工大学 A kind of greenhouse rail mounted pseudo-ginseng cropper
CN108323303A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-07-27 昆明理工大学 A kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng work facility

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2855809Y (en) * 2005-11-08 2007-01-10 山东潍坊拖拉机厂集团有限公司 Tractor used in green-house (or plastic tunel)
JP2010051210A (en) * 2008-08-27 2010-03-11 Iseki & Co Ltd Working machine for assisting harvest
DE102014011776A1 (en) * 2014-08-12 2016-02-18 Rudolf Behr Apparatus for detecting pests during the harvesting process of soil-growing crops, for example radishes
CN105676850A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-06-15 广州市远能物流自动化设备科技有限公司 Steering wheel type automatic guided transport vehicle
CN107820826A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-03-23 昆明理工大学 A kind of greenhouse rail mounted pseudo-ginseng cropper
CN108323303A (en) * 2018-02-02 2018-07-27 昆明理工大学 A kind of greenhouse Radix Notoginseng work facility

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