CN109356342A - A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109356342A
CN109356342A CN201811058344.2A CN201811058344A CN109356342A CN 109356342 A CN109356342 A CN 109356342A CN 201811058344 A CN201811058344 A CN 201811058344A CN 109356342 A CN109356342 A CN 109356342A
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China
Prior art keywords
tube
building
water
water pump
energy
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Granted
Application number
CN201811058344.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109356342B (en
Inventor
俞美英
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Guangzhou Mingheng Construction Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Jinyun Xitian Energy Saving Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811058344.2A priority Critical patent/CN109356342B/en
Publication of CN109356342A publication Critical patent/CN109356342A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B11/00Arrangements or adaptations of tanks for water supply
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/064Gutters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D15/00Other domestic- or space-heating systems
    • F24D15/02Other domestic- or space-heating systems consisting of self-contained heating units, e.g. storage heaters
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D2013/0495Drainage on the roof surface to storage tanks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D2200/00Heat sources or energy sources
    • F24D2200/14Solar energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure, including building body, solar generating mechanism and circulation mechanism, the building body is provided with solar generating mechanism, building body bottom surrounding is provided with circulation mechanism, the building body includes load-bearing cylinder, roof supporting, oblique top, baffle and drainage trough, roof supporting bottom surrounding is correspondingly arranged on load-bearing cylinder, two sides are correspondingly arranged on oblique top at the top of the roof supporting, the oblique top two sides are provided with baffle, and one side bottom of oblique top is equipped with drainage trough;The present invention can be adequately collected using solar energy and to rainwater, it is generated electricity by solar energy and is used for building, while rainwater can also be heated by solar energy, formation recycles rainwater, convenient for embodying energy-saving and environment-friendly concept by building structure, economize on resources.

Description

A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to building structure field, specially a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure.
Background technique
Building structure generally refers to two parts of load-carrying members and building enclosure of its building, and house is before construction, root Its structure type is determined according to its number of plies, cost, construction for building etc.;Its durability of the house of various structures, shock resistance, safety Property and space service performance are different;Existing society advocates energy conservation and environmental protection, to save existing energy-output ratio, advocates environmental protection Type new energy development, benefits the society, and a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure then meets the requirement of present social energy conservation environmental protection.
Existing building structure when in use, can not be converted and utilize again well using the energy in natural environment, It can not accomplish to recycle simultaneously, cause the waste of resource.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure, in order to overcome above-mentioned technical problem, energy It is enough adequately to utilize solar energy and rainwater is collected, it is generated electricity by solar energy and is used for building, while can also led to Solar energy is crossed to heat rainwater, formation recycles rainwater, convenient for embodying energy-saving and environment-friendly concept by building structure, section About resource.
The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure, including building body, solar generating mechanism and circulation mechanism, the building Main body is provided with solar generating mechanism, and building body bottom surrounding is provided with circulation mechanism;
The building body includes load-bearing cylinder, roof supporting, oblique top, baffle and drainage trough, the roof supporting bottom Surrounding is correspondingly arranged on load-bearing cylinder, and two sides are correspondingly arranged on oblique top, the oblique top two sides setting at the top of the roof supporting There is baffle, one side bottom of oblique top is equipped with drainage trough;
The solar generating mechanism includes solar panels, battery group and inverter, is inlaid with too at the top of the oblique top Positive energy plate, the roof supporting top are equipped with battery group, and the roof supporting bottom is equipped with inverter;
The circulation mechanism include rainwater collection header, the first connecting tube, the first water pump, the second connecting tube, the first isocon, Winding absorbing pipe, third connecting tube, warming water tank, electric cabinet, the second water pump, the second isocon, winding heat-dissipating pipe, the 4th connection Pipe, unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve, water level sensor, temperature sensor, filter plate, active carbon layer and PLC controller, the drainage trough Bottom is connected separately with the first connecting tube, and first connecting tube is separately mounted to rainwater-collecting box top two sides, the rainwater Collecting box inside top is equipped with filter plate, on the inside of the rainwater collection header and is located at filter plate bottom and is equipped with active carbon layer, Rainwater-collecting box top side is equipped with the first water pump by bolt, and first water pump side is equipped with the first shunting Pipe, first water pump other side are equipped with the second connecting tube, and second connecting tube one end is equipped with winding heat-dissipating pipe, described Water level sensor is installed on the inside of the winding heat-dissipating pipe other end, on the inside of the winding heat-dissipating pipe other end and is located at water level sensor Side is equipped with temperature sensor, and the winding heat-dissipating pipe other end is equipped with third connecting tube, third connecting tube one end Warming water tank is installed, the warming water tank side is equipped with electric cabinet, and the warming water tank bottom side is installed by bolt There is the second water pump, second water pump side is equipped with the second isocon, and second water pump other side is equipped with winding heat dissipation Pipe, winding heat-dissipating pipe one end are equipped with unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve, and the unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve side is equipped with the 4th company Adapter tube, and the 4th connecting tube other end is mounted on rainwater-collecting case bottom side, and PLC control is equipped with inside the electric cabinet Device.
As a further solution of the present invention: the solar panels are connected with battery group by conducting wire, the battery Group is connected with inverter by conducting wire, and the inverter is connect by conducting wire with household electric wire.
As a further solution of the present invention: the water level sensor and temperature sensor are electrically connected PLC controller control Device processed, the PLC controller are electrically connected the first water pump, the second water pump and unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve.
As a further solution of the present invention: being provided with support wall, the support wall between the load-bearing cylinder two-by-two Number is 4, and the rainwater collection header, warming water tank and winding absorbing pipe are located at support wall outer side, load-bearing cylinder bottom Portion is equipped with floor tile, and the winding heat-dissipating pipe is located at floor tile bottom.
As a further solution of the present invention: first water pump is shunted by flow divider and the second connecting tube and first Pipe connection, second connecting tube connect with Domestic cold-water pipeline, second water pump pass through flow divider and the second isocon with And the connection of winding heat-dissipating pipe, second isocon are connect with domestic hot water's pipeline.
As a further solution of the present invention: the rainwater collection header, the first connecting tube, the first water pump, the second connecting tube, First isocon, winding absorbing pipe, third connecting tube, warming water tank, the second water pump, the second isocon, winding heat-dissipating pipe, the 4th Connecting tube and unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve junction are provided with sealing ring.
As a further solution of the present invention: rainwater-collecting box top is provided with chamber door, the chamber door and rainwater collection header It is connected by a hinge.
As a further solution of the present invention: the use operating procedure of the building structure are as follows:
Step 1: inverter is connect with domestic circuit pipeline, and solar panels, which convert solar energy into electrical energy, is stored in storage Battery pack is used for building;
Step 2: rainy day rainwater is fallen in oblique top, and the baffle of two sides plays barrier effect, and rainwater is fallen under gravity Enter drainage trough, is entered after rainwater collection header by the first connecting tube and complete filtration, purification to use;
Step 3: rainwater collection header can be used in family, and another part is pressurizeed by water pump into winding absorbing pipe, in winding Hot water in solar energy heating pipe is absorbed in absorbing pipe, heating injects warming water tank storage to a certain extent, passes through the second isocon For household, the winding heat-dissipating pipe by being located at floor bottoms can form floor heating convenient for winter use, when hot in winding heat-dissipating pipe Water reduction back flows back into rainwater collection header and is recycled.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention is designed by reasonable structure, and building structure is equipped with solar generator Structure, solar power generation are used in more and more fields, can be converted solar energy by the solar panels installed at the top of oblique top Electric energy, power storage in battery group, by inverter by the AC conversion in battery group be direct current for building in Electricity uses, and using solar energy, reduces the loss of electric energy;Oblique top is tilted at 30 degree simultaneously, and rainy day rainwater water exists along oblique top It is slid under the action of gravity in the drainage trough of oblique top end, the baffle of oblique top two sides plays restriction effect, and drainage trough can be maximum Limit is collected into rainwater, and rainwater is flowed into rainwater collection header by the first connecting tube, and filter plate is passed through in rainwater collection header Impurity is filtered out, microorganism or bacterium in rainwater are then killed by active carbon layer, then processed rainwater is stored in rain For the use of subsequent building in water collection tank;The water of rainwater collection header is inhaled by the winding that the pressurization of the first water pump enters wall outer side In heat pipe, when winding absorbing pipe reaches top, water level sensor feeds back to PLC controller, and PLC controller controls the first water pump Stopping supplying water, winding absorbing pipe absorbs the heat cold water that the sun generates, when water temperature reaches to a certain degree, temperature sensor PLC controller is fed back to, PLC controller controls the first pump working and supplies water, hot water is discharged in warming water tank and is stored, and keep warm water Water side heat face in case is used for personnel in building, and is on the one hand radiated by the winding that the second water pump injects floor bottoms tubular At floor heating, winter is whole building heating, and the water after cooling reenters rainwater collection header circulation by unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve It uses;Whole building structure takes full advantage of solar energy and rainwater, reduces the damage of building practical application electric energy and water energy, body The energy conservation and environmental protection of building is showed, convenient for promoting the use of.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to facilitate the understanding of those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described below with reference to the drawings.
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is major structure of construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is solar generating mechanism front view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is circulation mechanism structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is circulation mechanism structural schematic diagram top view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is winding absorbing pipe of the present invention local interior structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 7 is rainwater collection header schematic diagram of internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is electric cabinet schematic diagram of internal structure of the present invention.
In figure: 1, building body;2, solar generating mechanism;3, circulation mechanism;101, load-bearing cylinder;102, branch support Plate;103, oblique top;104, baffle;105, drainage trough;201, solar panels;202, battery group;203, inverter;301, rainwater Collecting box;302, the first connecting tube;303, the first water pump;304, the second connecting tube;305, the first isocon;306, winding absorbs heat Pipe;307, third connecting tube;308, keep warm water tank;309, electric cabinet;310, the second water pump;311, the second isocon;312, it returns Ring heat-dissipating pipe;313, the 4th connecting tube;314, unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve;315, water level sensor;316, temperature sensor;317, Filter plate;318, active carbon layer;319, PLC controller.
Specific embodiment
Technical solution of the present invention is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with embodiment, it is clear that described reality Applying example is only a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, this field is general Logical technical staff all other embodiment obtained without creative efforts belongs to what the present invention protected Range.
As shown in figures 1-8, a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure, including building body 1, solar generating mechanism 2 and follow Ring mechanism 3, building body 1 are provided with solar generating mechanism 2, and 1 bottom surrounding of building body is provided with circulation mechanism 3;
Building body 1 includes load-bearing cylinder 101, roof supporting 102, oblique top 103, baffle 104 and drainage trough 105, support 102 bottom surrounding of top plate is correspondingly arranged on load-bearing cylinder 101, plays the role of supporting load-bearing, holds for whole building is whole The heavy nucleus heart, 102 top two sides of roof supporting are correspondingly arranged on oblique top 103, and rainwater is in oblique top 103 by gravity along oblique top 103 slide, and 103 two sides of oblique top are provided with baffle 104, convenient for playing restriction effect, convenient for collecting rainwater, 103 side bottom of oblique top Portion is equipped with drainage trough 105, convenient for the rainwater total number of 103 bottom of oblique top is collected into drainage trough 105, then passes through drainage trough 105 focus in rainwater collection header 301 and collect rainwater to the greatest extent;
Solar generating mechanism 2 includes solar panels 201, battery group 202 and inverter 203, is inlayed at the top of oblique top 103 There are solar panels 201, convenient for coming into full contact with 201 rain sunlight of solar panels, improves the transformation efficiency of solar energy, roof supporting 102 tops are equipped with battery group 202, convenient for the electric energy storage for converting solar panels 201, use convenient for the later period, branch support 102 bottom of plate is equipped with inverter 203, by inverter 203 by AC conversion be direct current, convenient for building in use;
Circulation mechanism 3 includes rainwater collection header 301, the first connecting tube 302, the first water pump 303, the second connecting tube 304, the One isocon 305, winding absorbing pipe 306, third connecting tube 307, warming water tank 308, electric cabinet 309, the second water pump 310, the Two isocons 311, winding heat-dissipating pipe 312, the 4th connecting tube 313, unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve 314, water level sensor 315, temperature Sensor 316, filter plate 317, active carbon layer 318 and PLC controller 319,105 bottom of drainage trough are connected separately with the first connection Pipe 302, the first connecting tube 302 are separately mounted to 301 top two sides of rainwater collection header, and the drainage trough 105 of two sides is collected simultaneously rain Water injects rainwater collection header 301 by the first connecting tube 302, improves collection efficiency, the installation of 301 inside top of rainwater collection header There is filter plate 317, convenient for the impurity in filtering removal rainwater, guarantee the clean of rainwater, 301 inside of rainwater collection header and was located at 317 bottom of filter plate is equipped with active carbon layer 318, carries out sterilizing to rainwater by active carbon layer 318, is guaranteeing the rainwater later period just It is often used, 301 top side of rainwater collection header is equipped with the first water pump 303 by bolt, is easily installed and goes wrong with the later period It is removed for repair or replacement, 303 side of the first water pump is equipped with the first isocon 305, and the first isocon 305 connects with building cold water pipe It connects, cold water can be used directly in building, 303 other side of the first water pump is equipped with the second connecting tube 304, the second connecting tube 304 1 End is equipped with winding heat-dissipating pipe 312, can increase the contact area with sunlight by winding heat-dissipating pipe 312, improves hot water conversion effect Rate, 312 other end of winding heat-dissipating pipe inside is equipped with water level sensor 315, convenient for perception water level, stops supplying water, winding radiates Temperature sensor 316 is installed on the inside of 312 other end of pipe and positioned at 315 side of water level sensor, convenient for perception water temperature, in time more Hot and cold water is changed, 312 other end of winding heat-dissipating pipe is equipped with third connecting tube 307, and 307 one end of third connecting tube is equipped with warming water Case 308 is collected convenient for storing to the water after heating, and warming 308 side of water tank is equipped with electric cabinet 309, and keep warm 308 bottom of water tank Side is equipped with the second water pump 310 by bolt, is easily installed to go wrong with the later period and is removed for repair or replacement, the second water pump 310 sides are equipped with the second isocon 311, and the second isocon 311 is connect with building hot-water line, and heat can be used directly in building Water, 310 other side of the second water pump are equipped with winding heat-dissipating pipe 312, and winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 increases heat dissipation area, can be in cold Room temperature is quickly improved when weather use, 312 one end of winding heat-dissipating pipe is equipped with unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve 314, unidirectionally controlled 314 side of solenoid valve is equipped with the 4th connecting tube 313, and 313 other end of the 4th connecting tube is mounted on 301 bottom of rainwater collection header Side is easy to implement the recycling of rainwater, PLC controller 319 is equipped with inside electric cabinet 309, just with realize multi-faceted control System.
Solar panels 201 are connected with battery group 202 by conducting wire, and battery group 202 and inverter 203 are connected by conducting wire It connects, inverter 203 is connect by conducting wire with household electric wire, guarantees the electric connection of inter-module, convenient for converting solar panels 201 Electricity for building use.
Water level sensor 315 and temperature sensor 316 are electrically connected 319 controller of PLC controller, 319 electricity of PLC controller Property connection the first water pump 303, the second water pump 310 and unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve 314, convenient for automatic by connecting each other for inter-module The step of entire circulation mechanism 3 completes Jia Shui and hot water is moved into warming water tank 308 is controlled, without human intervention, more intelligence It can be convenient to use.
Support wall is provided between load-bearing cylinder 101 two-by-two, support wall number is 4, and rainwater collection header 301 keeps warm Water tank 308 and winding absorbing pipe 306 are located at support wall outer side, and 101 bottom of load-bearing cylinder is equipped with floor tile, winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 are located at floor tile bottom, and rainwater collection header 301 and warming water tank 308 are mounted on outside convenient for saving space in building, together When winding absorbing pipe 306 is mounted on metope on the sunny side, be used convenient for preferably absorbing heat caused by the sun, effect be provided Rate, floor tile bottom winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 act as the effect of floor heating more preferably, are conveniently whole building confession in cold snap It is warm.
First water pump 303 is by flow divider and the second connecting tube 304 and the connection of the first isocon 305, convenient for playing point The effect of stream, the second connecting tube 304 are connect with Domestic cold-water pipeline, convenient for processed rainwater is interior colod-application for living in building Water uses, and the second water pump 310 is connected by flow divider and the second isocon 311 and winding heat-dissipating pipe 312, shunts convenient for playing Effect, the second isocon 311 connect with domestic hot water's pipeline, convenient for will after the heating of processed rainwater in building for life Heat is used with water.
Rainwater collection header 301, the first connecting tube 302, the first water pump 303, the second connecting tube 304, the first isocon 305, Winding absorbing pipe 306, third connecting tube 307, warming water tank 308, the second water pump 310, the second isocon 311, winding heat-dissipating pipe 312, the 4th connecting tube 313 and 314 junction of unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve are provided with sealing ring, each convenient for being guaranteed by sealing ring A junction is completely embedded, once revealing, the easily object of damage building structure and inside causes greatly to lose, and is led to Crossing sealing ring ensure that the leakproofness of entire circulation mechanism 3.
Chamber door is provided at the top of rainwater collection header 301, chamber door is connected by a hinge with rainwater collection header 301.
The use operating procedure of the building structure are as follows:
Step 1: inverter 203 is connect with domestic circuit pipeline, solar panels 201 convert solar energy into electrical energy storage There are battery groups 202 to use for building;
Step 2: rainy day rainwater is fallen in oblique top 103, and the baffle 104 of two sides plays barrier effect, work of the rainwater in gravity Drainage trough 105 is fallen under, is entered after rainwater collection header 301 by the first connecting tube 302 and is completed filtration, purification to use;
Step 3: rainwater collection header 301 can be used in family, and another part is pressurizeed by water pump into winding absorbing pipe 306, Hot water in solar energy heating pipe is absorbed in winding absorbing pipe 306, heating is injected warming water tank 308 to a certain extent and stored, leads to The second isocon 311 is crossed for household, the winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 by being located at floor bottoms can form floor heating to be made convenient for winter With when hot water reduction back flows back into rainwater collection header 301 and is recycled in winding heat-dissipating pipe 312.
The working principle of the invention: there are four load-bearing cylinder 101, load-bearing cylinder 101 can pacify the setting of 1 bottom of building body Metope is filled, roof supporting 102 is installed at the top of load-bearing cylinder 101 and two pieces of symmetrical oblique tops 103, oblique top 103 are inclined at 30 degree Tiltedly, rainy day rainwater water slides into along oblique top 103 under gravity in the drainage trough 105 of 103 end of oblique top, and 103 liang of oblique top The baffle 104 of side plays restriction effect, and drainage trough 105 can be collected into rainwater to greatest extent, and rainwater passes through the first connecting tube 302 flow into rainwater collection header 301, filter out impurity by filter plate 317 in rainwater collection header 301, then pass through activity Layer of charcoal 318 kills the microorganism or bacterium in rainwater, and then processed rainwater is stored in rainwater collection header 301 for subsequent Building uses, and is equipped with solar generating mechanism 2 on building body 1, solar power generation is used in more and more fields, passes through The symmetrical solar panels 201 installed at the top of oblique top 103 can convert solar energy into electrical energy, and power storage is in battery group 202 It is interior, the AC conversion in battery group 202 is used for direct current for electricity in building by inverter 203, rainwater-collecting Rainwater in case 301 is connect with the second connecting tube 304 and the first isocon 305 respectively by the first water pump 303 and flow divider, the One isocon 305 is connect with building inner cold water pipeline, and the second connecting tube 304 is then connect with winding absorbing pipe 306, and winding absorbs heat Pipe 306 is mounted on the outside of wall on the sunny side, and when cold water reaches top by the pressurization of the first water pump 303, water level sensor 315 is anti- The PLC controller 319 for 1785-L20B model of feeding, the PLC controller 319 of 1785-L20B model control the first water pump 303 and stop Only supplying water, winding absorbing pipe 306 absorbs the heat cold water that the sun generates, when water temperature reaches to a certain degree, temperature sensing Device 316 feeds back to the PLC controller 319 of 1785-L20B model, and the PLC controller 319 of 1785-L20B model controls the first water 303 work of pump is supplied water, and hot water is discharged in warming water tank 308 and is stored, the hot water to keep warm in water tank 308 passes through the second water pump 310 Connect respectively with the second isocon 311 and winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 with flow divider, the second isocon 311 then with build in hot-water line Road connection, winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 then form floor heating positioned at the bottom of floor tile, and winter is whole building heating, the water after cooling Rainwater collection header 301 is reentered by unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve 314 to be recycled.
The present invention is designed by reasonable structure, and building structure is equipped with solar generating mechanism 2, and solar power generation uses In more and more fields, can be converted solar energy into electrical energy by the solar panels 201 installed at the top of oblique top 103, electric energy is deposited Storage is interior electric for building for direct current by the AC conversion in battery group 202 by inverter 203 in battery group 202 Amount uses, and using solar energy, reduces the loss of electric energy;Oblique top 103 is tilted at 30 degree simultaneously, and the rainy day, rainwater water was along oblique top 103 slide under gravity in the drainage trough 105 of 103 end of oblique top, and the baffle 104 of 103 two sides of oblique top plays limitation and makees With drainage trough 105 can be collected into rainwater to greatest extent, and rainwater flows into rainwater collection header 301 by the first connecting tube 302 It is interior, impurity is filtered out by filter plate 317 in rainwater collection header 301, is then killed by active carbon layer 318 micro- in rainwater Biology or bacterium, then processed rainwater is stored in rainwater collection header 301 for the use of subsequent building;Rainwater collection header 301 water is entered in the winding absorbing pipe 306 of wall outer side by the pressurization of the first water pump 303, is pushed up when winding absorbing pipe 306 reaches When portion, water level sensor 315 feeds back to PLC controller 319, and PLC controller 319 controls the first water pump 303 and stops supplying water, winding Absorbing pipe 306 absorbs the heat cold water that the sun generates, and when water temperature reaches to a certain degree, temperature sensor 316 is fed back to PLC controller 319, PLC controller 319 control the work of the first water pump 303 and supply water, hot water is discharged in warming water tank 308 and is stored, Water side heat face in warming water tank 308 is used for personnel in building, and on the one hand injects floor bottoms by the second water pump 310 Winding heat-dissipating pipe 312 forms floor heating, and winter is whole building heating, and the water after cooling passes through unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve 314 again It is recycled into rainwater collection header 301;Whole building structure takes full advantage of solar energy and rainwater, reduces building and actually answers With the damage of electric energy and water energy, the energy conservation and environmental protection of building is embodied, convenient for promoting the use of.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " one embodiment ", " example ", " specific example " etc. means Particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one implementation of the invention In example or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms may not refer to the same embodiment or example. Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in any one or more of the embodiments or examples to close Suitable mode combines.
Present invention disclosed above preferred embodiment is only intended to help to illustrate the present invention.There is no detailed for preferred embodiment All details are described, are not limited the invention to the specific embodiments described.Obviously, according to the content of this specification, It can make many modifications and variations.These embodiments are chosen and specifically described to this specification, is in order to better explain the present invention Principle and practical application, so that skilled artisan be enable to better understand and utilize the present invention.The present invention is only It is limited by claims and its full scope and equivalent.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure, which is characterized in that including building body (1), solar generating mechanism (2) and follow Ring mechanism (3), the building body (1) are provided with solar generating mechanism (2), building body (1) the bottom surrounding setting There are circulation mechanism (3);
The building body (1) includes load-bearing cylinder (101), roof supporting (102), oblique top (103), baffle (104) and drainage Slot (105), roof supporting (102) bottom surrounding are correspondingly arranged on load-bearing cylinder (101), the roof supporting (102) Top two sides are correspondingly arranged on oblique top (103), and oblique top (103) two sides are provided with baffle (104), the oblique top (103) one Side bottom is equipped with drainage trough (105);
The solar generating mechanism (2) includes solar panels (201), battery group (202) and inverter (203), it is described tiltedly It is inlaid with solar panels (201) at the top of top (103), is equipped with battery group (202) at the top of the roof supporting (102), it is described Roof supporting (102) bottom is equipped with inverter (203);
The circulation mechanism (3) includes rainwater collection header (301), the first connecting tube (302), the first water pump (303), the second connection Manage (304), the first isocon (305), winding absorbing pipe (306), third connecting tube (307), warming water tank (308), electric cabinet (309), the second water pump (310), the second isocon (311), winding heat-dissipating pipe (312), the 4th connecting tube (313), unidirectionally controlled Solenoid valve (314), water level sensor (315), temperature sensor (316), filter plate (317), active carbon layer (318) and PLC control Device (319) processed, drainage trough (105) bottom are connected separately with the first connecting tube (302), first connecting tube (302) point It is not mounted on two sides at the top of rainwater collection header (301), rainwater collection header (301) inside top is equipped with filter plate (317), Active carbon layer (318), the rainwater-collecting are installed on the inside of the rainwater collection header (301) and positioned at filter plate (317) bottom Case (301) top side is equipped with the first water pump (303) by bolt, and the first water pump (303) side is equipped with first point Flow tube (305), the first water pump (303) other side are equipped with the second connecting tube (304), second connecting tube (304) one End is equipped with winding heat-dissipating pipe (312), is equipped with water level sensor (315), institute on the inside of winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) other end It states on the inside of winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) other end and is located at water level sensor (315) side and temperature sensor (316), institute are installed It states winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) other end to be equipped with third connecting tube (307), described third connecting tube (307) one end is equipped with guarantor Warm water tank (308), warming water tank (308) side are equipped with electric cabinet (309), warming water tank (308) bottom side It being equipped with the second water pump (310) by bolt, the second water pump (310) side is equipped with the second isocon (311), and described Two water pumps (310) other side is equipped with winding heat-dissipating pipe (312), and described winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) one end is equipped with unidirectionally controlled Solenoid valve (314), unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve (314) side are equipped with the 4th connecting tube (313), and the 4th connecting tube (313) other end is mounted on rainwater collection header (301) bottom side, is equipped with PLC controller inside the electric cabinet (309) (319)。
2. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the solar panels (201) It is connected with battery group (202) by conducting wire, the battery group (202) is connected with inverter (203) by conducting wire, described inverse Become device (203) to connect by conducting wire with household electric wire.
3. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water level sensor (315) and temperature sensor (316) is electrically connected PLC controller (319) controller, and the PLC controller (319) is electrically connected First water pump (303), the second water pump (310) and unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve (314).
4. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the load-bearing cylinder two-by-two (101) support wall is provided between, the support wall number is 4, the rainwater collection header (301), warming water tank (308) It is located at support wall outer side with winding absorbing pipe (306), load-bearing cylinder (101) bottom is equipped with floor tile, the winding Heat-dissipating pipe (312) is located at floor tile bottom.
5. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first water pump (303) It is connected by flow divider and the second connecting tube (304) and the first isocon (305), second connecting tube (304) and household Cold water pipes connection, second water pump (310) pass through flow divider and the second isocon (311) and winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) Connection, second isocon (311) connect with domestic hot water's pipeline.
6. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rainwater collection header (301), the first connecting tube (302), the first water pump (303), the second connecting tube (304), the first isocon (305), winding heat absorption Manage (306), third connecting tube (307), warming water tank (308), the second water pump (310), the second isocon (311), winding heat dissipation Pipe (312), the 4th connecting tube (313) and unidirectionally controlled solenoid valve (314) junction are provided with sealing ring.
7. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that rainwater collection header (301) top Portion is provided with chamber door, and the chamber door is connected by a hinge with rainwater collection header (301).
8. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the use of the building structure is grasped Make step are as follows:
Step 1: inverter (203) is connect with domestic circuit pipeline, solar panels (201) convert solar energy into electrical energy storage There are battery groups (202) to use for building;
Step 2: rainy day rainwater is fallen on oblique top (103), and the baffle (104) of two sides plays barrier effect, work of the rainwater in gravity Drainage trough (105) are fallen under, by the first connecting tube (302) enter rainwater collection header (301) afterwards complete filtration, purification so as to It uses;
Step 3: rainwater collection header (301) can be used in family, and another part is pressurizeed by water pump into winding absorbing pipe (306), Hot water in solar energy heating pipe is absorbed in winding absorbing pipe (306), heating is injected warming water tank (308) to a certain extent and deposited It puts, by the second isocon (311) for household, the winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) by being located at floor bottoms can form floor heating just It uses in winter, is recycled when the interior hot water reduction of winding heat-dissipating pipe (312) back flows back into rainwater collection header (301).
CN201811058344.2A 2018-09-11 2018-09-11 Energy-saving and environment-friendly building structure Active CN109356342B (en)

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CN111173151A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-05-19 义乌奥莉机械科技有限公司 Heat preservation device that house used winter
CN111827589A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-27 潍坊昌大建设集团有限公司 Green energy-saving assembly type building and preparation method thereof
CN112095775A (en) * 2020-09-25 2020-12-18 深圳市景鹏建设工程有限公司 Energy-saving building with rainwater collection and recycling effects and using method thereof
CN112411896A (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-02-26 佛山市顺德区新景建筑工程有限公司 Energy-conserving roofing of low energy consumption
CN112459364A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-03-09 深圳市榕大建设工程有限公司 Building energy-saving system

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CN111173151A (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-05-19 义乌奥莉机械科技有限公司 Heat preservation device that house used winter
CN111827589A (en) * 2020-07-27 2020-10-27 潍坊昌大建设集团有限公司 Green energy-saving assembly type building and preparation method thereof
CN112095775A (en) * 2020-09-25 2020-12-18 深圳市景鹏建设工程有限公司 Energy-saving building with rainwater collection and recycling effects and using method thereof
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CN112411896A (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-02-26 佛山市顺德区新景建筑工程有限公司 Energy-conserving roofing of low energy consumption
CN112411896B (en) * 2020-11-23 2021-07-13 佛山市顺德区新景建筑工程有限公司 Energy-conserving roofing of low energy consumption

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