CN109348870A - A kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot - Google Patents

A kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109348870A
CN109348870A CN201811209090.XA CN201811209090A CN109348870A CN 109348870 A CN109348870 A CN 109348870A CN 201811209090 A CN201811209090 A CN 201811209090A CN 109348870 A CN109348870 A CN 109348870A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
transmission
frame
blanking
stalk
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Granted
Application number
CN201811209090.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109348870B (en
Inventor
尹梦雅
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NANJING JINGJIAN RICE PROCESSING Co.,Ltd.
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尹梦雅
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Priority to CN201811209090.XA priority Critical patent/CN109348870B/en
Publication of CN109348870A publication Critical patent/CN109348870A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109348870B publication Critical patent/CN109348870B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D82/00Crop conditioners, i.e. machines for crushing or bruising stalks

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robots, including support plate, transmission device, cutter device and blanking device, the right end of the support plate is provided with square groove, transmission device is installed at the top of the left end of support plate, cutter device is mounted on the middle part of support plate, and blanking device is connected with the right end of support plate;The transmission device includes transmission supporting plate, transmission side plate, side plate push rod, inner pushing plate, push plate push rod, push rod frame linking, the electronic sliding block of transmission, transmission frame linking, transmission push plate and transmission column.The present invention can solve that the stalk needs that existing stalk when existing stalk carries out returning to the field blanking needs manually to carry out cutting transmission, stalk can fall when cutting transmission, the stirring of stalk and nutrient solution is uneven, is stirred manually are shed, stalk sheds the problems such as unevenly.

Description

A kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot
Technical field
The present invention relates to agriculture infertile field technical field, in particular to a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot.
Background technique
Straw-returning is the well stimulation of a culture fertility of most attention in the world today, is preventing crop straw burning There are also getting fat production-increasing functions while caused atmosphere pollution.Straw-returning can increase the soil organism, improve soil texture, Make loosing soil, porosity increases, and capacity mitigates, and promotes the development of microbial activity and crop root;It is gone back now for crushing Field uses the stalk dried substantially, and a certain amount of nutrient solution is added after being crushed, and uniformly shed it is needing later It on the field to be conserved, turns over bury immediately, be allowed to decomposition of rotting, the nutriment of stalk can be fully retained in soil in this way In earth, it is existing when stalk crush and is shed there are the problem of it is as follows, stalk needs manually to carry out cutting transmission, and stalk carries out It can be fallen when cutting transmission, lead to have not pulverized stalk and fall on field, cause infertile field effect by certain It influences, stalk and nutrient solution stirring are uneven, so that stalk rotten level is different, the fertile degree in field is uneven, the straw being stirred Stalk needs are manually shed and stalk is shed unevenly.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, it the present invention provides a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot, can solve Existing stalk needs manually carry out cutting transmission to certainly existing stalk when carrying out returning to the field blanking, stalk can send out when cutting transmission The stalk needs that life is fallen, the stirring of stalk and nutrient solution is uneven, is stirred manually are shed, stalk is shed unevenly Etc. problems;The function of carrying out automatically delivering cutting, equal control stalk is fallen to stalk may be implemented, have stalk automatic Change, which carries out cutting transmission, stalk cut when transmitting to fall, the straw that stalk and nutrient solution are stirred evenly, are stirred Stalk mechanization is shed, stalk sheds the advantages that uniform.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention uses following technical scheme, and machine is spilt at a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field booth Device people, including support plate, transmission device, cutter device and blanking device, the right end of the support plate are provided with square groove, support Transmission device is installed at the top of the left end of plate, cutter device is mounted on the middle part of support plate, blanking device and support plate Right end is connected.
The transmission device includes transmission supporting plate, transmission side plate, side plate push rod, inner pushing plate, push plate push rod, push rod company Frame, the electronic sliding block of transmission, transmission frame linking, transmission push plate and transmission column, transmission supporting plate are mounted on support plate by transmitting column Top on, transmit and be provided with square groove in the middle part of supporting plate, transmit and be evenly arranged with sliding slot on the downside of supporting plate, transmit supporting plate Rear and front end passes through pin shaft and is equipped with a transmission side plate, is distributed with a side plate push rod on the outside of each transmission side plate, Side plate push rod is mounted between transmission supporting plate and transmission side plate by hinge, is transmitted and is provided with circular hole on side plate, push plate push rod Middle part is located in the circular hole of transmission side plate setting, inner pushing plate is equipped on the top of push plate push rod, the bottom of push plate push rod passes through Push rod frame linking is mounted on the lateral surface of transmission side plate, is transmitted electronic sliding block and is uniformly mounted on the bottom of transmission supporting plate, transmission The lower end of frame linking is mounted on the electronic sliding block of transmission, and the middle part for transmitting frame linking is located at the left end of square groove on transmission supporting plate, and transmission connects Transmission push plate is installed, the middle part left and right side for transmitting frame linking is provided with pointed protrusion, transmits under frame linking on the top of frame Slide bar is provided on end, the slide bar of transmission frame linking setting is connected by way of being slidably matched with the sliding slot of transmission supporting plate setting It connects, when specific works, the stalk dried can be transmitted by transmission device, and stalk is sent in cutter device Pulverization process is carried out, control side plate push rod carries out contractile motion, and transmission side plate can laterally rotate, thus manually can be by straw Stalk is put into the top of transmission supporting plate, and the rotation for transmitting side plate enables more as far as possible being put into of stalk to transmit supporting plate and transmission side Board group at structure in, the side plate of control transmission later is returned to initial position, extends push plate push rod, inner pushing plate can use up stalk The gathering of amount, control transmit electronic sliding block and move right, and stalk can be pushed in cutter device by transmission push plate.
The cutter device includes helical cut knife, cutting branch cylinder, branch cylinder frame linking, blanking plate and guiding mechanism, cutting Branch cylinder is mounted on the middle part upper surface of support plate by branch cylinder frame linking, and cutting branch cylinder is in tilted layout, and helical cut knife is mounted on It cuts in branch cylinder, cuts and be provided with square groove at the top of the left end of branch cylinder, the upper end of guiding mechanism is located at the side of cutting branch cylinder setting In slot, the lower end of guiding mechanism is mounted on the top of support plate, and blanking plate is tiltedly mounted on the right side lower end of cutting branch cylinder, When specific works, cutter device can complete the cutting action to stalk and send it in blanking device, when stalk is passed When being sent in the cutting branch cylinder of inclination arrangement, helical cut knife can complete the cutting action to stalk, and guiding mechanism can incite somebody to action Stalk is oriented to, and is prevented stalk to be stuck in above cutting branch cylinder and is caused it that can not be cut.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the blanking device includes mixing drum, stirring pedestal, stirring electricity Machine, stirring bull stick, stirring chassis, stirring side frame, lower material frame, cutting agency, blanking rotating plate and rotating plate push rod, lower material frame are mounted on In the square groove of support plate right end setting, lower material frame is square structure, the inclined bottom surface face of lower material frame, on the right end bottom of lower material frame It is provided with square groove, mixing drum is mounted on the middle part of lower material frame by stirring pedestal, stirring bull stick is provided in the middle part of mixing drum, The top of stirring bull stick is connected by shaft coupling with the output shaft of stirring motor, and stirring motor is mounted on blanking by motor cabinet It at the top of the right end of frame, stirs and stirring chassis is installed on the top of bull stick, stir and be evenly arranged with arc groove on chassis, stir It is evenly arranged with bristle on the middle part lower end surface on chassis, the lower end for stirring side frame is connected with the outer end upper side on stirring chassis, The upper end of stirring side frame is mounted on the middle part of stirring bull stick, is stirred and is evenly arranged with bristle on the outside middle portion of side frame, stirs The bottom for mixing cylinder is equipped with blanking rotating plate by hinge, and rotating plate push rod is mounted on side and the blanking rotating plate of mixing drum by hinge Bottom between, cutting agency is located at the lower section of lower material frame setting square groove, and cutting agency is mounted in lower material frame, specific works When, the stalk of well cutting can be stirred by blanking device, so that stalk and the nutrient solution of outside addition are admixed, blanking The stalk admixed can also be carried out uniform blanking by device, artificial to be added when falling in mixing drum after stalk crushing A certain amount of nutrient solution, control stirring motor are rotated, and stirring chassis is matched with stirring side frame can be by stalk and nutrition Liquid stirs evenly, and being stained with nutrient solution due to stalk may stick on mixing drum, the brush being arranged on stirring chassis and stirring side frame Hair can prevent stalk to be sticked on the upper side of mixing drum and blanking rotating plate, control rotating plate push rod later and carry out contractile motion, stir Mixing the stalk being stirred in cylinder can fall in lower material frame, and the stalk that control cutting agency controls in lower material frame is fallen automatically in field In ground.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the lower end of the inner pushing plate is inward slant structure, inner pushing plate Upper end medial surface on detent fixed plate is installed, the medial surface of detent fixed plate is provided with square groove, and detent expansion plate is located at card In the square groove of position fixed plate setting, detent expansion plate is mounted in detent fixed plate on the inner wall of square groove by screens spring, tool When body running, after stalk is by inner pushing plate push-tight, stalk is locked in inner pushing plate, detent fixed plate, detent expansion plate and transmission Between supporting plate, at the same detent fixed plate matched with detent expansion plate can prevent stalk right end be directed to mechanism squeeze after cause Stalk is fallen from transmission device upper end.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, it is symmetrical arranged on the side wall of upper square groove in the middle part of the transmission supporting plate There is telescopic chute, transmits in each telescopic chute being arranged on supporting plate square groove and be connected with anti-chip off-falling by way of being slidably matched, it is anti-lost The inner end of block is trapezium structure, and the outer end of anti-chip off-falling is mounted in the telescopic chute being arranged on transmission supporting plate square groove by anti-lost spring On wall, when specific works, anti-chip off-falling can play barrier effect to the square groove of transmission supporting plate setting under the action of anti-lost spring, Prevent stalk from falling out of transmission supporting plate is arranged square groove, the trapezium structure and the pointed raised phase of transmission frame linking setting of anti-chip off-falling Cooperation enables transmission frame linking to be depressed when being moved to the position of anti-chip off-falling, so that stalk can be stablized by transmitting push plate Push to the right.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the guiding mechanism includes guiding frame linking, guide extension column, leads To winning in succession and guide roller, the lower end for being oriented to frame linking are mounted on the middle part upper surface of support plate, it is oriented on the downside of the upper end of frame linking Guide extension column is installed, telescopic mast is oriented to the bottom phase for the top and guide extension column won in succession perpendicular to cutting branch cylinder on face Connection, guide roller are mounted on by pin shaft and are oriented on the bottom won in succession, and when specific works, guiding mechanism can carry out stalk Guiding, preventing stalk to be stuck in above cutting branch cylinder causes it that can not be cut.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the cutting agency includes blanking motor, blanking shaft, shaft Win in succession, lower feed roller, blanking guide plate, guide plate spring, locating support, positioning telescopic mast and locating clamp plate, blanking motor pass through electricity Machine set is mounted on the front end face of lower material frame, and the output shaft of blanking motor is connected by the front end of shaft coupling blanking shaft, under The rear end of material shaft is won in succession by shaft to be mounted on the rear end bottom of lower material frame, and blanking rolling is equipped on the middle part of blanking shaft Cylinder, lower feed roller are I-shaped structure, and square groove is symmetrically arranged on the lateral surface of lower feed roller, and blanking guide plate passes through guide plate spring It is mounted on the inner wall of lower feed roller setting square groove, the outer end of blanking guide plate is arcuate structure, is installed on the right side of lower material frame There is locating support, positioning telescopic mast is installed on the lower end inside face of locating support, locating clamp plate is mounted on positioning telescopic mast On left side;It is evenly arranged with latch on the left side of the locating clamp plate, when specific works, cutting agency can be uniform Control the stalk that is stirred and carry out blanking action, the rotation of blanking motor be able to drive blanking guide plate by the stalk in lower material frame to Under stir, so that stalk can uniformly be fallen on field, prevent stalk from blocking the square groove of lower material frame, blanking guide plate outer end Arcuate structure it can be prevented to be stuck in lower material frame, when need blanking guide plate stop to stalk carry out blanking action when, elongation Telescopic mast is positioned, the latch on locating clamp plate is blocked blanking guide plate, prevents blanking guide plate laggard by stopping Row is shunk.
When work, step 1: the present invention is fixed on mechanically moving first, transmission device can by the stalk dried into Row transmission enables stalk to be sent in cutter device and carries out pulverization process, and control side plate push rod carries out contractile motion, passes Send side plate that can laterally rotate, thus stalk can be manually put into transmission supporting plate top, transmit the rotation of side plate so that In the structure be put into transmission supporting plate and transmit side plate composition that stalk can be more as far as possible, the side plate of control transmission later is returned to just Beginning position, extend push plate push rod, inner pushing plate the gathering of stalk as far as possible, stalk can be locked in inner pushing plate, detent fixed plate, Between detent expansion plate and transmission supporting plate, while detent fixed plate matches with detent expansion plate and can prevent stalk right end from being led Stalk is caused to fall from transmission device upper end after squeezing to mechanism, control transmits electronic sliding block and moves right, and transmission push plate can Stalk is pushed in cutter device, anti-chip off-falling can play resistance to the square groove of transmission supporting plate setting under the action of anti-lost spring Gear effect prevents stalk from falling out of transmission supporting plate is arranged square groove, the trapezium structure of anti-chip off-falling and the point of transmission frame linking setting Shape protrusion matches, and transmission frame linking is depressed when being moved to the position of anti-chip off-falling, so that transmitting push plate can incite somebody to action The stable push to the right of stalk, step 2: cutter device can complete the cutting action to stalk and send it to blanking dress In setting, when stalk is sent in the cutting branch cylinder of inclination arrangement, helical cut knife can complete the cutting action to stalk, Stalk can be oriented to by guiding mechanism, prevented stalk to be stuck in above cutting branch cylinder and caused it that can not be cut, step 3: The stalk of well cutting can be stirred by blanking device, so that stalk and the nutrient solution of outside addition are admixed, blanking dress Uniform blanking can also be carried out for the stalk admixed by setting, and when falling in mixing drum after stalk crushing, manually be added one Quantitative nutrient solution, control stirring motor are rotated, and stirring chassis is matched with stirring side frame can be by stalk and nutrient solution It stirs evenly, being stained with nutrient solution due to stalk may stick on mixing drum, the bristle being arranged on stirring chassis and stirring side frame Stalk can be prevented to be sticked on the upper side of mixing drum and blanking rotating plate, rotating plate push rod is controlled later and carry out contractile motion, stirring The stalk being stirred in cylinder can be fallen in lower material frame, and it is dynamic that cutting agency can uniformly control the stalk progress blanking being stirred Make, the rotation of blanking motor is able to drive blanking guide plate and stirs the stalk in lower material frame downwards, so that stalk can be uniform It falls on field, prevents stalk from blocking the square groove of lower material frame, the arcuate structure of blanking guide plate outer end can prevent it to be stuck in In lower material frame, when needing blanking guide plate to stop carrying out blanking action to stalk, elongation localization telescopic mast, so that on locating clamp plate Latch blanking guide plate can be blocked, shunk after preventing blanking guide plate from being stopped, may be implemented to stalk carry out Automatically deliver cutting, the function that equal control stalk is fallen.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
One, the present invention can solve existing stalk when existing stalk carries out returning to the field blanking and need manually to carry out cutting biography It send, stalk can fall when cutting transmission, the stirring of stalk and nutrient solution is uneven, the stalk that is stirred needs manually to It is shed, stalk sheds the problems such as uneven;May be implemented stalk is carried out to automatically deliver cutting, equal control stalk into The function that falls of row, there is stalk automation to carry out cutting transmission, stalk will not fall when cutting transmission, stalk with The stalk mechanization that nutrient solution stirs evenly, is stirred is shed, stalk sheds the advantages that uniform;
Two, it is provided with inner pushing plate on transmission device of the present invention, the detent fixed plate on inner pushing plate and detent expansion plate match Conjunction, which can prevent stalk right end to be directed to after mechanism squeezes, causes stalk to fall from transmission device upper end;
Three, transmission supporting plate is provided on transmission device of the present invention, transmission supporting plate can prevent stalk in transmission from transmission It is fallen on supporting plate;
Four, the present invention is provided with cutter device, and cutter device can complete the cutting action to stalk and send it to In blanking device;
Five, cutting agency is provided on blanking device of the present invention, cutting agency can uniformly control the stalk being stirred Carry out blanking action.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram between support plate of the present invention and transmission device;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram (seeing from the bottom up) after transmission device removal transmission column of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is present invention transmission supporting plate, transmission frame linking and transmits the structural schematic diagram between push plate;
Fig. 5 is the first structure diagram between support plate of the present invention and cutter device;
Fig. 6 is the second structural schematic diagram between support plate of the present invention and cutter device;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram between support plate of the present invention and blanking device;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram between mixing drum of the present invention, stirring chassis, stirring side frame and blanking rotating plate;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram under the present invention between material frame and cutting agency;
Figure 10 is the cross-sectional view under the present invention between material frame and cutting agency.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Conjunction is specifically illustrating, and the present invention is further explained.It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, embodiment in the application and Feature in embodiment can be combined with each other.
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot, including support plate 1, transmission device 2, cutter device 3 and blanking device 4, the right end of the support plate 1 are provided with square groove, install on the left end top of support plate 1 There is transmission device 2, cutter device 3 is mounted on the middle part of support plate 1, and blanking device 4 is connected with the right end of support plate 1.
The transmission device 2 includes transmission supporting plate 21, transmission side plate 22, side plate push rod 23, inner pushing plate 24, push plate push rod 25, push rod frame linking 26, the electronic sliding block 27 of transmission, transmission frame linking 28, transmission push plate 29 and transmission column 210, transmission supporting plate 21 are logical It crosses transmission column 210 to be mounted on the top of support plate 1, the middle part of transmission supporting plate 21 is provided with square groove, transmits under supporting plate 21 Sliding slot is evenly arranged on side, the rear and front end of transmission supporting plate 21 passes through pin shaft and is equipped with a transmission side plate 22, each The outside of transmission side plate 22 is distributed with a side plate push rod 23, and side plate push rod 23 is mounted on transmission supporting plate 21 by hinge and passes It send between side plate 22, transmits and be provided with circular hole on side plate 22, the middle part of push plate push rod 25 is located at the circular hole that transmission side plate 22 is arranged It is interior, inner pushing plate 24 is installed, the bottom of push plate push rod 25 is mounted on transmission by push rod frame linking 26 on the top of push plate push rod 25 On the lateral surface of side plate 22, transmits electronic sliding block 27 and be uniformly mounted on the bottom of transmission supporting plate 21, transmit the lower end of frame linking 28 It is mounted on the electronic sliding block 27 of transmission, the middle part of transmission frame linking 28 is located at the left end of square groove on transmission supporting plate 21, transmits frame linking 28 Top on transmission push plate 29 is installed, the middle part left and right side of transmission frame linking 28 is provided with pointed protrusion, transmits frame linking 28 Lower end on be provided with slide bar, the cunning that the slide bar that transmission frame linking 28 is arranged is arranged by way of being slidably matched with transmission supporting plate 21 Slot is connected, and when specific works, the stalk dried can be transmitted by transmission device 2, and stalk is sent to and is cut It cutting and carries out pulverization process in device 3, control side plate push rod 23 carries out contractile motion, and transmission side plate 22 can laterally rotate, from And stalk can be manually put into the top of transmission supporting plate 21, the rotation of transmission side plate 22 enables stalk is more to be as far as possible put into It to transmission supporting plate 21 and transmits in the structure that side plate 22 forms, the side plate 22 of control transmission later is returned to initial position, and elongation pushes away The gathering of stalk as far as possible can be controlled the electronic sliding block 27 of transmission and moved right, transmit 29 energy of push plate by plate push rod 25, inner pushing plate 24 It is enough that stalk is pushed in cutter device 3.
The cutter device 3 includes helical cut knife 31, cutting branch cylinder 32, branch cylinder frame linking 33, blanking plate 34 and guiding Mechanism 35, cutting branch cylinder 32 are mounted on the middle part upper surface of support plate 1 by branch cylinder frame linking 33, and cutting branch cylinder 32 tilts cloth It sets, helical cut knife 31 is mounted in cutting branch cylinder 32, is cut at the top of the left end of branch cylinder 32 and is provided with square groove, guiding mechanism 35 Upper end be located at cutting branch cylinder 32 be arranged square groove in, the lower end of guiding mechanism 35 is mounted on the top of support plate 1, blanking plate 34 are tiltedly mounted on the right side lower end of cutting branch cylinder 32, and when specific works, it is dynamic that cutter device 3 can complete the cutting to stalk Make and sends it in blanking device 4, when stalk is sent in the cutting branch cylinder 32 of inclination arrangement, helical cut knife 31 The cutting action to stalk can be completed, stalk can be oriented to by guiding mechanism 35, and stalk is prevented to be stuck in cutting branch cylinder 32 Top cause it that can not be cut.
The blanking device 4 includes mixing drum 41, stirring pedestal 42, stirring motor 43, stirring bull stick 44, stirring chassis 45, side frame 46, lower material frame 47, cutting agency 48, blanking rotating plate 49 and rotating plate push rod 410, lower material frame 47 are stirred and is mounted on support In the square groove of 1 right end of plate setting, lower material frame 47 is square structure, the inclined bottom surface face of lower material frame 47, the right end bottom of lower material frame 47 Square groove is provided in portion, mixing drum 41 is mounted on the middle part of lower material frame 47 by stirring pedestal 42, and the middle part of mixing drum 41 is set It is equipped with stirring bull stick 44, the top of stirring bull stick 44 is connected by shaft coupling with the output shaft of stirring motor 43, stirring motor 43 are mounted at the top of the right end of lower material frame 47 by motor cabinet, are stirred and are equipped with stirring chassis 45 on the top of bull stick 44, stir It mixes and is evenly arranged with arc groove on chassis 45, stir and be evenly arranged with bristle on the middle part lower end surface on chassis 45, stir side frame 46 Lower end with stirring chassis 45 outer end upper side be connected, stirring side frame 46 upper end be mounted on stirring bull stick 44 middle part On, it stirs and is evenly arranged with bristle on the outside middle portion of side frame 46, the bottom of mixing drum 41 is equipped with blanking by hinge and turns Plate 49, rotating plate push rod 410 are mounted between the side of mixing drum 41 and the bottom of blanking rotating plate 49 by hinge, cutting agency 48 Positioned at the lower section of lower material frame 47 setting square groove, cutting agency 48 is mounted in lower material frame 47, when specific works, 4 energy of blanking device It reaches and is stirred the stalk of well cutting, so that the nutrient solution of stalk and outside addition is admixed, blanking device 4 can also be incited somebody to action The stalk admixed carries out uniform blanking, and when falling in mixing drum 41 after stalk crushing, a certain amount of battalion is manually added Nutrient solution, control stirring motor 43 are rotated, and stirring chassis 45 matches with stirring side frame 46 and can stir stalk and nutrient solution It mixes uniformly, being stained with nutrient solution due to stalk may stick on mixing drum 41, be arranged on stirring chassis 45 and stirring side frame 46 Bristle can prevent stalk to be sticked on the upper side of mixing drum 41 and blanking rotating plate 49, control rotating plate push rod 410 later and received Contracting moves, and the stalk being stirred in mixing drum 41 can be fallen in lower material frame 47, and control cutting agency 48 controls in lower material frame 47 Stalk fall in field automatically.
The lower end of the inner pushing plate 24 is inward slant structure, and it is solid that detent is equipped on the upper end medial surface of inner pushing plate 24 Fixed board 241, the medial surface of detent fixed plate 241 are provided with square groove, and detent expansion plate 242 is located at the setting of detent fixed plate 241 In square groove, detent expansion plate 242 is mounted in detent fixed plate 241 on the inner wall of square groove by screens spring 243, specific works When, after stalk is by 24 push-tight of inner pushing plate, stalk be locked in inner pushing plate 24, detent fixed plate 241, detent expansion plate 242 with It transmits between supporting plate 21, while detent fixed plate 241 matches with detent expansion plate 242 stalk right end can be prevented to be directed to machine Structure 35 causes stalk to fall from 2 upper end of transmission device after squeezing.
It is symmetrically arranged with telescopic chute on the side wall of upper square groove in the middle part of the transmission supporting plate 21, transmits and is set on 21 square groove of supporting plate Anti- chip off-falling 211 is connected in each telescopic chute set by way of being slidably matched, the inner end of anti-chip off-falling 211 is trapezium structure, The outer end of anti-chip off-falling 211 is mounted on the telescopic chute inner wall being arranged on transmission 21 square groove of supporting plate by anti-lost spring 212, specific work When making, the square groove that anti-chip off-falling 211 can be arranged transmission supporting plate 21 under the action of anti-lost spring 212 plays barrier effect, prevents Only stalk is fallen out of transmission supporting plate 21 is arranged square groove, and trapezium structure and the transmission frame linking 28 of anti-chip off-falling 211 are arranged pointed Protrusion matches, and transmission frame linking 28 is depressed, to transmit 29 energy of push plate when being moved to the position of anti-chip off-falling 211 Enough push to the right that stalk is stable.
The guiding mechanism 35 includes guiding frame linking 351, guide extension column 352, is oriented to win in succession 353 and guide roller 354, the lower end of guiding frame linking 351 is mounted on the middle part upper surface of support plate 1, is oriented on the upper end downside of frame linking 351 and is pacified Equipped with guide extension column 352, telescopic mast 352 perpendicular to cutting branch cylinder 32, guiding win in succession 353 top and guide extension column 352 Bottom be connected, guide roller 354 by pin shaft be mounted on guiding win in succession 353 bottom on, when specific works, guiding mechanism 35 can be oriented to stalk, and the top for preventing stalk to be stuck in cutting branch cylinder 32 causes it that can not be cut.
The cutting agency 48 include blanking motor 481, blanking shaft 482, shaft win in succession 483, lower feed roller 484, Blanking guide plate 485, guide plate spring 486, locating support 487, positioning telescopic mast 488 and locating clamp plate 489, blanking motor 481 are logical It crosses motor set to be mounted on the front end face of lower material frame 47, the output shaft of blanking motor 481 passes through before shaft coupling blanking shaft 482 End is connected, and the rear end of blanking shaft 482 is won in succession by shaft and 483 is mounted on the rear end bottom of lower material frame 47, blanking shaft Lower feed roller 484 is installed, lower feed roller 484 is I-shaped structure, right on the lateral surface of lower feed roller 484 on 482 middle part Title is provided with square groove, and blanking guide plate 485 is mounted on lower feed roller 484 by guide plate spring 486 and is arranged on the inner wall of square groove, blanking The outer end of guide plate 485 is arcuate structure, is equipped with locating support 487, the lower end of locating support 487 on the right side of lower material frame 47 Positioning telescopic mast 488 is installed, locating clamp plate 489 is mounted on the left side of positioning telescopic mast 488 on medial surface;Described determines Latch is evenly arranged on the left side of position snap-gauge 489, and when specific works, cutting agency 48, which can be controlled uniformly, to be stirred Stalk carries out blanking action, and the rotation of blanking motor 481 is able to drive blanking guide plate 485 for the stalk in lower material frame 47 to setting aside It is dynamic, so that stalk can uniformly be fallen on field, prevent stalk from blocking the square groove of lower material frame 47, outside blanking guide plate 485 The arcuate structure at end can prevent it to be stuck in lower material frame 47, when need blanking guide plate 485 stop to stalk carry out blanking action When, elongation localization telescopic mast 488 enables the latch on locating clamp plate 489 to block blanking guide plate 485, prevents blanking Guide plate 485 is shunk after being stopped.
When work, step 1: the present invention is fixed on mechanically moving first, the stalk that transmission device 2 can will dry It is transmitted, stalk is sent in cutter device 3 and carries out pulverization process, control side plate push rod 23 carries out contraction fortune Dynamic, transmission side plate 22 can laterally rotate, so that stalk can be manually put into the top of transmission supporting plate 21, transmit side plate 22 Rotation enable stalk is more to be as far as possible put into transmission supporting plate 21 and transmit in the structure that side plate 22 forms, control passes later It send side plate 22 to be returned to initial position, extends push plate push rod 25, inner pushing plate 24 can be by the gathering of stalk as far as possible, and stalk is locked Between inner pushing plate 24, detent fixed plate 241, detent expansion plate 242 and transmission supporting plate 21, while detent fixed plate 241 and card Position expansion plate 242, which matches after stalk right end can be prevented to be directed to the extruding of mechanism 35, causes stalk to be made a clean sweep of from transmission device 2 It falls, control transmits electronic sliding block 27 and moves right, and stalk can be pushed in cutter device 3 by transmission push plate 29, anti-chip off-falling 211 The square groove that transmission supporting plate 21 can be arranged under the action of anti-lost spring 212 plays barrier effect, prevents stalk from transmission branch It being fallen in the square groove that plate 21 is arranged, the trapezium structure of anti-chip off-falling 211 is matched with the pointed protrusion that transmission frame linking 28 is arranged, so that Transmission frame linking 28 can be depressed when being moved to the position of anti-chip off-falling 211, so that transmitting push plate 29 can be stable by stalk It pushes to the right, step 2: cutter device 3 can complete the cutting action to stalk and send it in blanking device 4, works as straw When stalk is sent in the cutting branch cylinder 32 of inclination arrangement, helical cut knife 31 can complete the cutting action to stalk, guiding Stalk can be oriented to by mechanism 35, and the top for preventing stalk to be stuck in cutting branch cylinder 32 causes it that can not be cut, step 3: The stalk of well cutting can be stirred by blanking device 4, so that stalk and the nutrient solution of outside addition are admixed, blanking dress Uniform blanking can also be carried out for the stalk admixed by setting 4, artificial to be added when falling in mixing drum 41 after stalk crushing A certain amount of nutrient solution, control stirring motor 43 are rotated, and stirring chassis 45 is matched with stirring side frame 46 can be by stalk It is stirred evenly with nutrient solution, being stained with nutrient solution due to stalk may stick on mixing drum 41, stirring chassis 45 and stirring side frame The bristle being arranged on 46 can prevent stalk to be sticked on the upper side of mixing drum 41 and blanking rotating plate 49, control rotating plate push rod later 410 carry out contractile motion, and the stalk being stirred in mixing drum 41 can be fallen in lower material frame 47, and cutting agency 48 can be uniform It controls the stalk being stirred and carries out blanking action, the rotation of blanking motor 481 is able to drive blanking guide plate 485 will be in lower material frame 47 Stalk stir downwards, so that stalk can uniformly be fallen on field, prevent stalk from blocking the square groove of lower material frame 47, under Material 485 outer end of guide plate arcuate structure it can be prevented to be stuck in lower material frame 47, when need blanking guide plate 485 stop to stalk into When row blanking action, elongation localization telescopic mast 488 enables the latch on locating clamp plate 489 to block blanking guide plate 485 Firmly, it is shunk after preventing blanking guide plate 485 from being stopped, realizes and stalk is carried out to automatically deliver cutting, equal control straw The function that stalk is fallen, solve existing stalk when existing stalk carries out returning to the field blanking need manually to carry out cutting transmission, The stalk that stalk, which cut when transmission, to be fallen, the stirring of stalk and nutrient solution is uneven, be stirred needs manually by it Shed, stalk sheds the problems such as uneven, reached purpose.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these change and change Into all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent It defines.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot, including support plate (1), transmission device (2), cutter device (3) With blanking device (4), it is characterised in that: the right end of the support plate (1) is provided with square groove, the left end top of support plate (1) On be equipped with transmission device (2), cutter device (3) is mounted on the middle part of support plate (1), blanking device (4) and support plate (1) Right end be connected;Wherein:
The transmission device (2) includes transmission supporting plate (21), transmission side plate (22), side plate push rod (23), inner pushing plate (24), pushes away Plate push rod (25), push rod frame linking (26), the electronic sliding block (27) of transmission, transmission frame linking (28), transmission push plate (29) and transmission column (210), transmission supporting plate (21) is mounted on the top of support plate (1) by transmitting column (210), transmits the middle part of supporting plate (21) It is provided with square groove, transmits and is evenly arranged with sliding slot on the downside of supporting plate (21), the rear and front end of transmission supporting plate (21) passes through Pin shaft is equipped with a transmission side plate (22), and a side plate push rod (23), side are distributed on the outside of each transmission side plate (22) Plate push rod (23) is mounted between transmission supporting plate (21) and transmission side plate (22) by hinge, is provided with circle in transmission side plate (22) The middle part in hole, push plate push rod (25) is located in the circular hole of transmission side plate (22) setting, is equipped on the top of push plate push rod (25) The bottom of inner pushing plate (24), push plate push rod (25) is mounted on the lateral surface of transmission side plate (22) by push rod frame linking (26), is passed Power transmission movable slider (27) is uniformly mounted on the bottom of transmission supporting plate (21), and it is electronic that the lower end of transmission frame linking (28) is mounted on transmission On sliding block (27), the middle part of transmission frame linking (28) is located at the left end of square groove in transmission supporting plate (21), transmits the top of frame linking (28) On transmission push plate (29) is installed, the middle part left and right side of transmission frame linking (28) is provided with pointed protrusion, transmits frame linking (28) Lower end on be provided with slide bar, the slide bar of transmission frame linking (28) setting by way of being slidably matched with transmission supporting plate (21) setting Sliding slot be connected;
The cutter device (3) includes helical cut knife (31), cutting branch cylinder (32), branch cylinder frame linking (33), blanking plate (34) With guiding mechanism (35), cuts branch cylinder (32) and be mounted on the middle part upper surface of support plate (1) by branch cylinder frame linking (33), cut Branch cylinder (32) is in tilted layout, and helical cut knife (31) is mounted in cutting branch cylinder (32), cuts at the top of the left end of branch cylinder (32) It is provided with square groove, the upper end of guiding mechanism (35) is located in the square groove of cutting branch cylinder (32) setting, the lower end of guiding mechanism (35) It is mounted on the top of support plate (1), blanking plate (34) is tiltedly mounted on the right side lower end of cutting branch cylinder (32).
2. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: under described Material device (4) include mixing drum (41), stirring pedestal (42), stirring motor (43), stirring bull stick (44), stirring chassis (45), Stir side frame (46), lower material frame (47), cutting agency (48), blanking rotating plate (49) and rotating plate push rod (410), lower material frame (47) peace Mounted in support plate (1) right end setting square groove in, lower material frame (47) be square structure, the inclined bottom surface face of lower material frame (47), under Square groove is provided on the right end bottom of material frame (47), mixing drum (41) is mounted in lower material frame (47) by stirring pedestal (42) In portion, stirring bull stick (44) is provided in the middle part of mixing drum (41), the top of stirring bull stick (44) passes through shaft coupling and stirring electricity The output shaft of machine (43) is connected, and stirring motor (43) stirs on being mounted at the top of the right end of lower material frame (47) by motor cabinet Stirring chassis (45) is installed on the top of bull stick (44), arc groove is evenly arranged in stirring chassis (45), stirs chassis (45) it is evenly arranged with bristle on middle part lower end surface, stirs the lower end of side frame (46) and the outer end upper side of stirring chassis (45) It is connected, the upper end of stirring side frame (46) is mounted on the middle part of stirring bull stick (44), stirs the outside middle portion of side frame (46) On be evenly arranged with bristle, the bottom of mixing drum (41) is equipped with blanking rotating plate (49) by hinge, and rotating plate push rod (410) passes through Hinge is mounted between the side of mixing drum (41) and the bottom of blanking rotating plate (49), and cutting agency (48) is located at lower material frame (47) The lower section of square groove is set, and cutting agency (48) is mounted on lower material frame (47).
3. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described is interior The lower end of push plate (24) is inward slant structure, is equipped with detent fixed plate (241) on the upper end medial surface of inner pushing plate (24), is blocked The medial surface of position fixed plate (241) is provided with square groove, and detent expansion plate (242) is located at the square groove of detent fixed plate (241) setting Interior, detent expansion plate (242) is mounted on detent fixed plate (241) on the inner wall of square groove by screens spring (243).
4. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the biography Send and be symmetrically arranged with telescopic chute on supporting plate (21) middle part on the side wall of square groove, transmit supporting plate (21) square groove on be arranged each stretch It is connected with by way of being slidably matched anti-chip off-falling (211) in slot, the inner end of anti-chip off-falling (211) is trapezium structure, anti-chip off-falling (211) outer end is mounted on the telescopic chute inner wall being arranged on transmission supporting plate (21) square groove by anti-lost spring (212).
5. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described leads To mechanism (35) include guiding frame linking (351), guide extension column (352), guiding is won in succession (353) and guide roller (354), guiding The lower end of frame linking (351) is mounted on the middle part upper surface of support plate (1), is oriented on the upper end downside of frame linking (351) and is installed Have guide extension column (352), telescopic mast (352) perpendicular to cutting branch cylinder (32), guiding win in succession (353) top and guide extension The bottom of column (352) is connected, guide roller (354) by pin shaft be mounted on guiding win in succession (353) bottom on.
6. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: under described Material mechanism (48) includes that blanking motor (481), blanking shaft (482), shaft are won in succession (483), lower feed roller (484), blanking are led Plate (485), guide plate spring (486), locating support (487), positioning telescopic mast (488) and locating clamp plate (489), blanking motor (481) it is mounted on by motor set on the front end face of lower material frame (47), the output shaft of blanking motor (481) passes through shaft coupling blanking The front end of shaft (482) is connected, the rear end of blanking shaft (482) by shaft win in succession (483) be mounted on lower material frame (47) It on the bottom of rear end, is equipped on the middle part of blanking shaft (482) lower feed roller (484), lower feed roller (484) is I-shaped knot Structure, square groove is symmetrically arranged on the lateral surface of lower feed roller (484), and blanking guide plate (485) is mounted on by guide plate spring (486) On the inner wall of lower feed roller (484) setting square groove, the outer end of blanking guide plate (485) is arcuate structure, the right side of lower material frame (47) It is equipped on face locating support (487), positioning telescopic mast (488), positioning is installed on the lower end inside face of locating support (487) Snap-gauge (489) is mounted on the left side of positioning telescopic mast (488).
7. a kind of crops stalk crushing returning to the field Tan Sa robot according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described determines Latch is evenly arranged on the left side of position snap-gauge (489).
CN201811209090.XA 2018-10-17 2018-10-17 Crop straw smashing, returning and spreading robot Active CN109348870B (en)

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CN109348870B CN109348870B (en) 2020-08-28

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CN109997435A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-12 潍坊学院 A kind of vegetable cultivation seeding apparatus
CN110295570A (en) * 2019-08-04 2019-10-01 吴凤保 A kind of highway ice-patch surface deicing salt automatic spraying apparatus
CN111691254A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-09-22 徐发 Restoration method for restoring geological disaster area ecology of mining area by utilizing coal gangue

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CN106076520A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-09 枞阳县周泽红家庭农场 A kind of straw millstone for Oryza sativa L.
CN107737663A (en) * 2017-11-11 2018-02-27 高雅 A kind of renewable new energy bio-fuel cotton stalk raw material base-material process equipment
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6996961B2 (en) * 2003-11-19 2006-02-14 Acco Corporation Method and apparatus for conditioning crop materials
CN202713970U (en) * 2012-07-20 2013-02-06 星光农机股份有限公司 Drop type straw crushing device for horizontal axial flow combine harvester
CN106076520A (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-11-09 枞阳县周泽红家庭农场 A kind of straw millstone for Oryza sativa L.
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material
CN107737663A (en) * 2017-11-11 2018-02-27 高雅 A kind of renewable new energy bio-fuel cotton stalk raw material base-material process equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109997435A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-12 潍坊学院 A kind of vegetable cultivation seeding apparatus
CN110295570A (en) * 2019-08-04 2019-10-01 吴凤保 A kind of highway ice-patch surface deicing salt automatic spraying apparatus
CN111691254A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-09-22 徐发 Restoration method for restoring geological disaster area ecology of mining area by utilizing coal gangue
CN111691254B (en) * 2020-07-17 2021-06-22 包头市鹿晨生物科技有限公司 Restoration method for restoring geological disaster area ecology of mining area by utilizing coal gangue

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