CN109347844B - Method and device for accessing equipment to Internet - Google Patents

Method and device for accessing equipment to Internet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109347844B
CN109347844B CN201811271381.1A CN201811271381A CN109347844B CN 109347844 B CN109347844 B CN 109347844B CN 201811271381 A CN201811271381 A CN 201811271381A CN 109347844 B CN109347844 B CN 109347844B
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Prior art keywords
user terminal
protocol conversion
server
conversion server
terminal equipment
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CN109347844A (en
Inventor
王艳辉
龙宇峰
李红雨
杨春晖
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Visionvera Information Technology Co Ltd
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Visionvera Information Technology Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/14Session management
    • H04L67/141Setup of application sessions
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Network arrangements, protocols or services independent of the application payload and not provided for in the other groups of this subclass
    • H04L69/08Protocols for interworking; Protocol conversion

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention provides a method and a device for accessing equipment to the Internet, which are applied to a video network, and the method comprises the following steps: the protocol conversion server receives a registration request sent by user terminal equipment through a core switching server, wherein the registration request comprises a user account, a user password, an MAC (media access control) address and an NUM (non-uniform memory access) number of the user terminal equipment; the protocol conversion server receives a connection establishment request of the user terminal equipment, and verifies whether a user account, a user password, an MAC (media access control) address and an NUM (non-uniform memory access) number of the user terminal equipment are correct or not; if yes, the protocol conversion server selects a virtual terminal number from a virtual terminal pool to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, and the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server; and an application program which is adapted to the Internet protocol in the user terminal equipment is accessed to the Internet through the protocol conversion server. The invention can improve the flexibility and the safety of the equipment accessing the Internet through the video networking and reduce the networking cost.

Description

Method and device for accessing equipment to Internet
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of video networking, in particular to a method for accessing equipment to the Internet and a device for accessing the equipment to the Internet.
Background
The video networking is an important milestone for network development, is a higher-level form of the Internet, is a real-time network, can realize the real-time transmission of full-network high-definition videos which cannot be realized by the existing Internet, and pushes a plurality of Internet applications to high-definition video.
In the prior art, the video network uses hardware equipment to connect client terminal equipment for protocol conversion service to connect with the internet, which is high in cost and has no need of safety measures, so that the safety cannot be guaranteed. How to enable the equipment to access the internet more flexibly and safely through the video networking is urgent to be solved.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above problems, embodiments of the present invention are proposed to provide a device networking method and a corresponding device networking apparatus that overcome or at least partially solve the above problems.
In order to solve the above problem, a first aspect of an embodiment of the present invention discloses an apparatus networking method, where the video network includes: the method comprises the following steps:
the protocol conversion server receives a registration request sent by the user terminal equipment through the core switching server, wherein the registration request comprises a user account, a user password, an MAC (media access control) address and an NUM (non-uniform memory number) of the user terminal equipment;
the protocol conversion server receives a connection establishment request of the user terminal equipment, wherein the connection establishment request comprises: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment;
the protocol conversion server verifies whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address and the NUM number of the user terminal equipment are correct or not;
if yes, the protocol conversion server selects a virtual terminal number from a virtual terminal pool to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, and the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server;
and the application program in the user terminal equipment, which is adapted to the Internet protocol, accesses the Internet through the protocol conversion server.
Preferably, the application program adapted to the internet protocol in the user terminal device accesses the internet through the protocol server, and includes:
message conversion programs are arranged in the protocol conversion server and the user terminal equipment, and the message conversion programs are used for converting internet messages into video networking messages or/and converting the video networking messages into internet messages;
and the protocol conversion server performs video networking message transmission with the user terminal equipment through the core switching server.
Preferably, the protocol conversion server receives a registration request from the user terminal device, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, a MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number of the user terminal device, and the method further includes:
the protocol conversion server receives a broadcast message sent by a core switching server, wherein the broadcast message comprises an NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
the protocol conversion server sends a first network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast message;
the protocol conversion server receives a first response message sent by the core switching server according to the first network access request;
and the protocol conversion server establishes connection with the core switching server according to the first response message.
Preferably, the protocol conversion server receives a registration request from the user terminal device, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, a MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number, and before the step of:
the user terminal equipment receives a broadcast message sent by a core switching server, wherein the broadcast message comprises an NUM number and an equipment type of the core switching server;
the user terminal equipment sends a second network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the equipment type in the broadcast message;
the user terminal equipment receives a second response message sent by the core switching server according to the second network access request;
and the user terminal equipment establishes connection with the core switching server according to the second response message.
Preferably, after the step of accessing the internet through the protocol server, the application program in the user terminal device adapted to the internet protocol further includes:
the user terminal equipment sends a disconnection request message to the protocol conversion server;
and the protocol conversion server disconnects the corresponding virtual terminal from the user terminal equipment.
The second aspect of the embodiment of the invention discloses a device for equipment networking, which is applied to a video network, wherein the video network comprises a core exchange server, a protocol conversion server and user terminal equipment, and the device comprises:
a registration module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a registration request sent by the user terminal device through the core switching server, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number;
a connection establishment request module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a connection establishment request of the user terminal device, where the connection establishment request includes: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment;
the verification module is used for verifying whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address of the user terminal equipment and the NUM number are correct or not by the protocol conversion server;
a connection establishing module, configured to select, by the protocol conversion server, a number of a virtual terminal from a virtual terminal pool, and establish connection with the user terminal device if the connection establishing module is yes, where the virtual terminal pool is set in the protocol conversion server;
and the access module is used for accessing an application program which is adapted to the Internet protocol in the user terminal equipment to the Internet through the protocol conversion server.
Preferably, the access module includes:
a message conversion submodule, configured to set a message conversion program in the protocol conversion server and the user terminal device, where the message conversion program is configured to convert an internet message into an internet message or/and convert the internet message into an internet message;
and the message transmission submodule is used for the protocol conversion server to carry out video networking message transmission with the user terminal equipment through the core switching server.
Preferably, before the registering module, the method further includes:
a first broadcast receiving module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a broadcast packet sent by a core switching server, where the broadcast packet includes a NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
a first network access request sending module, configured to send, by the protocol conversion server, a first network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast packet;
a first response message receiving module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a first response message sent by the core switching server according to the first network access request;
a first video network connection establishing module, configured to establish, by the protocol conversion server, a connection with the core switching server according to the first response packet;
preferably, before the registering module, the method further includes:
a second broadcast receiving module, configured to receive, by the user equipment, a broadcast packet sent by a core switching server, where the broadcast packet includes a NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
a second network access request sending module, configured to send, by the user terminal device, a second network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast message;
a second response message receiving module, configured to receive, by the ue, a second response message sent by the core switching server according to the second network access request;
and the second video network connection establishing module is used for establishing the connection between the user terminal equipment and the core switching server according to the second response message.
Preferably, after the access module, the method further includes:
a disconnection request sending module, configured to send, by the user terminal device, a disconnection request packet to the protocol conversion server;
and the disconnection module is used for disconnecting the connection between the corresponding virtual terminal and the user terminal equipment by the protocol conversion server.
The embodiment of the invention has the following advantages:
in the embodiment of the present invention, by applying the characteristics of the video network, the protocol conversion server receives a registration request sent by the user terminal device through the core switching server, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number; the protocol conversion server receives a connection establishment request of the user terminal equipment, wherein the connection establishment request comprises: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment; the protocol conversion server verifies whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address and the NUM number of the user terminal equipment are correct or not; if yes, the protocol conversion server selects a virtual terminal number from a virtual terminal pool to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, and the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server; and the application program in the user terminal equipment, which is adapted to the Internet protocol, accesses the Internet through the protocol conversion server. The embodiment of the invention enables the user terminal equipment to access the Internet through the video network in a dialing mode by setting the protocol conversion server, improves the flexibility and the safety of the equipment accessing the Internet through the video network, and reduces the networking cost due to the virtual terminal pool set by the protocol conversion server.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic networking diagram of a video network of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a hardware architecture of a node server according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a hardware structure of an access switch of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a hardware structure of an ethernet protocol conversion gateway according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a data transmission process when a terminal device of the present invention is networked;
FIG. 6 is a flow chart of the steps of a method of networking devices of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a block diagram of a device networking apparatus of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, embodiments accompanied with figures are described in further detail below.
The video networking is an important milestone for network development, is a real-time network, can realize high-definition video real-time transmission, and pushes a plurality of internet applications to high-definition video, and high-definition faces each other.
The video networking adopts a real-time high-definition video exchange technology, can integrate required services such as dozens of services of video, voice, pictures, characters, communication, data and the like on a system platform on a network platform, such as high-definition video conference, video monitoring, intelligent monitoring analysis, emergency command, digital broadcast television, delayed television, network teaching, live broadcast, VOD on demand, television mail, Personal Video Recorder (PVR), intranet (self-office) channels, intelligent video broadcast control, information distribution and the like, and realizes high-definition quality video broadcast through a television or a computer.
To better understand the embodiments of the present invention, the following description refers to the internet of view:
some of the technologies applied in the video networking are as follows:
network Technology (Network Technology)
Network technology innovation in video networking has improved over traditional Ethernet (Ethernet) to face the potentially enormous video traffic on the network. Unlike pure network Packet Switching (Packet Switching) or network Circuit Switching (Circuit Switching), the Packet Switching is adopted by the technology of the video networking to meet the Streaming requirement. The video networking technology has the advantages of flexibility, simplicity and low price of packet switching, and simultaneously has the quality and safety guarantee of circuit switching, thereby realizing the seamless connection of the whole network switching type virtual circuit and the data format.
Switching Technology (Switching Technology)
The video network adopts two advantages of asynchronism and packet switching of the Ethernet, eliminates the defects of the Ethernet on the premise of full compatibility, has end-to-end seamless connection of the whole network, is directly communicated with a user terminal, and directly bears an IP data packet. The user data does not require any format conversion across the entire network. The video networking is a higher-level form of the Ethernet, is a real-time exchange platform, can realize the real-time transmission of the whole-network large-scale high-definition video which cannot be realized by the existing Internet, and pushes a plurality of network video applications to high-definition and unification.
Server Technology (Server Technology)
The server technology on the video networking and unified video platform is different from the traditional server, the streaming media transmission of the video networking and unified video platform is established on the basis of connection orientation, the data processing capacity of the video networking and unified video platform is independent of flow and communication time, and a single network layer can contain signaling and data transmission. For voice and video services, the complexity of video networking and unified video platform streaming media processing is much simpler than that of data processing, and the efficiency is greatly improved by more than one hundred times compared with that of a traditional server.
Storage Technology (Storage Technology)
The super-high speed storage technology of the unified video platform adopts the most advanced real-time operating system in order to adapt to the media content with super-large capacity and super-large flow, the program information in the server instruction is mapped to the specific hard disk space, the media content is not passed through the server any more, and is directly sent to the user terminal instantly, and the general waiting time of the user is less than 0.2 second. The optimized sector distribution greatly reduces the mechanical motion of the magnetic head track seeking of the hard disk, the resource consumption only accounts for 20% of that of the IP internet of the same grade, but concurrent flow which is 3 times larger than that of the traditional hard disk array is generated, and the comprehensive efficiency is improved by more than 10 times.
Network Security Technology (Network Security Technology)
The structural design of the video network completely eliminates the network security problem troubling the internet structurally by the modes of independent service permission control each time, complete isolation of equipment and user data and the like, generally does not need antivirus programs and firewalls, avoids the attack of hackers and viruses, and provides a structural carefree security network for users.
Service Innovation Technology (Service Innovation Technology)
The unified video platform integrates services and transmission, and is not only automatically connected once whether a single user, a private network user or a network aggregate. The user terminal, the set-top box or the PC are directly connected to the unified video platform to obtain various multimedia video services in various forms. The unified video platform adopts a menu type configuration table mode to replace the traditional complex application programming, can realize complex application by using very few codes, and realizes infinite new service innovation.
Networking of the video network is as follows:
the video network is a centralized control network structure, and the network can be a tree network, a star network, a ring network and the like, but on the basis of the centralized control node, the whole network is controlled by the centralized control node in the network.
As shown in fig. 1, the video network is divided into an access network and a metropolitan network.
The devices of the access network part can be mainly classified into 3 types: node server, access switch, terminal (including various set-top boxes, coding boards, memories, etc.). The node server is connected to an access switch, which may be connected to a plurality of terminals and may be connected to an ethernet network.
The node server is a node which plays a centralized control function in the access network and can control the access switch and the terminal. The node server can be directly connected with the access switch or directly connected with the terminal.
Similarly, devices of the metropolitan network portion may also be classified into 3 types: a metropolitan area server, a node switch and a node server. The metro server is connected to a node switch, which may be connected to a plurality of node servers.
The node server is a node server of the access network part, namely the node server belongs to both the access network part and the metropolitan area network part.
The metropolitan area server is a node which plays a centralized control function in the metropolitan area network and can control a node switch and a node server. The metropolitan area server can be directly connected with the node switch or directly connected with the node server.
Therefore, the whole video network is a network structure with layered centralized control, and the network controlled by the node server and the metropolitan area server can be in various structures such as tree, star and ring.
The access network part can form a unified video platform (the part in the dotted circle), and a plurality of unified video platforms can form a video network; each unified video platform may be interconnected via metropolitan area and wide area video networking.
Video networking device classification
1.1 devices in the video network of the embodiment of the present invention can be mainly classified into 3 types: servers, switches (including ethernet gateways), terminals (including various set-top boxes, code boards, memories, etc.). The video network as a whole can be divided into a metropolitan area network (or national network, global network, etc.) and an access network.
1.2 wherein the devices of the access network part can be mainly classified into 3 types: node servers, access switches (including ethernet gateways), terminals (including various set-top boxes, code boards, memories, etc.).
The specific hardware structure of each access network device is as follows:
a node server:
as shown in fig. 2, the system mainly includes a network interface module 201, a switching engine module 202, a CPU module 203, and a disk array module 204;
the network interface module 201, the CPU module 203, and the disk array module 204 all enter the switching engine module 202; the switching engine module 202 performs an operation of looking up the address table 205 on the incoming packet, thereby obtaining the direction information of the packet; and stores the packet in a queue of the corresponding packet buffer 206 based on the packet's steering information; if the queue of the packet buffer 206 is nearly full, it is discarded; the switching engine module 202 polls all packet buffer queues for forwarding if the following conditions are met: 1) the port send buffer is not full; 2) the queue packet counter is greater than zero. The disk array module 204 mainly implements control over the hard disk, including initialization, read-write, and other operations on the hard disk; the CPU module 203 is mainly responsible for protocol processing with an access switch and a terminal (not shown in the figure), configuring an address table 205 (including a downlink protocol packet address table, an uplink protocol packet address table, and a data packet address table), and configuring the disk array module 204.
The access switch:
as shown in fig. 3, the network interface module mainly includes a network interface module (a downlink network interface module 301 and an uplink network interface module 302), a switching engine module 303 and a CPU module 304;
wherein, the packet (uplink data) coming from the downlink network interface module 301 enters the packet detection module 305; the packet detection module 305 detects whether the Destination Address (DA), the Source Address (SA), the packet type, and the packet length of the packet meet the requirements, if so, allocates a corresponding stream identifier (stream-id) and enters the switching engine module 303, otherwise, discards the stream identifier; the packet (downstream data) coming from the upstream network interface module 302 enters the switching engine module 303; the incoming data packet of the CPU module 304 enters the switching engine module 303; the switching engine module 303 performs an operation of looking up the address table 306 on the incoming packet, thereby obtaining the direction information of the packet; if the packet entering the switching engine module 303 is from the downstream network interface to the upstream network interface, the packet is stored in the queue of the corresponding packet buffer 307 in association with the stream-id; if the queue of the packet buffer 307 is nearly full, it is discarded; if the packet entering the switching engine module 303 is not from the downlink network interface to the uplink network interface, the data packet is stored in the queue of the corresponding packet buffer 307 according to the guiding information of the packet; if the queue of the packet buffer 307 is nearly full, it is discarded.
The switching engine module 303 polls all packet buffer queues, which in this embodiment of the present invention is divided into two cases:
if the queue is from the downlink network interface to the uplink network interface, the following conditions are met for forwarding: 1) the port send buffer is not full; 2) the queued packet counter is greater than zero; 3) obtaining a token generated by a code rate control module;
if the queue is not from the downlink network interface to the uplink network interface, the following conditions are met for forwarding: 1) the port send buffer is not full; 2) the queue packet counter is greater than zero.
The rate control module 308 is configured by the CPU module 304, and generates tokens for packet buffer queues from all downstream network interfaces to upstream network interfaces at programmable intervals to control the rate of upstream forwarding.
The CPU module 304 is mainly responsible for protocol processing with the node server, configuration of the address table 306, and configuration of the code rate control module 308.
Ethernet protocol conversion gateway
As shown in fig. 4, the apparatus mainly includes a network interface module (a downlink network interface module 401 and an uplink network interface module 402), a switching engine module 403, a CPU module 404, a packet detection module 405, a rate control module 408, an address table 406, a packet buffer 407, a MAC adding module 409, and a MAC deleting module 410.
Wherein, the data packet coming from the downlink network interface module 401 enters the packet detection module 405; the packet detection module 405 detects whether the ethernet MAC DA, the ethernet MAC SA, the ethernet length or frame type, the video network destination address DA, the video network source address SA, the video network packet type, and the packet length of the packet meet the requirements, and if so, allocates a corresponding stream identifier (stream-id); then, the MAC deletion module 410 subtracts MAC DA, MAC SA, length or frame type (2byte) and enters the corresponding receiving buffer, otherwise, discards it;
the downlink network interface module 401 detects the sending buffer of the port, and if there is a packet, obtains the ethernet MAC DA of the corresponding terminal according to the video networking destination address DA of the packet, adds the ethernet MAC DA of the terminal, the MAC SA of the ethernet coordination gateway, and the ethernet length or frame type, and sends the packet.
The other modules in the ethernet protocol gateway function similarly to the access switch.
A terminal:
the system mainly comprises a network interface module, a service processing module and a CPU module; for example, the set-top box mainly comprises a network interface module, a video and audio coding and decoding engine module and a CPU module; the coding board mainly comprises a network interface module, a video and audio coding engine module and a CPU module; the memory mainly comprises a network interface module, a CPU module and a disk array module.
1.3 devices of the metropolitan area network part can be mainly classified into 2 types: node server, node exchanger, metropolitan area server. The node switch mainly comprises a network interface module, a switching engine module and a CPU module; the metropolitan area server mainly comprises a network interface module, a switching engine module and a CPU module.
2. Video networking packet definition
2.1 Access network packet definition
The data packet of the access network mainly comprises the following parts: destination Address (DA), Source Address (SA), reserved bytes, payload (pdu), CRC.
As shown in the following table, the data packet of the access network mainly includes the following parts:
DA SA Reserved Payload CRC
wherein:
the Destination Address (DA) is composed of 8 bytes (byte), the first byte represents the type of the data packet (such as various protocol packets, multicast data packets, unicast data packets, etc.), there are 256 possibilities at most, the second byte to the sixth byte are metropolitan area network addresses, and the seventh byte and the eighth byte are access network addresses;
the Source Address (SA) is also composed of 8 bytes (byte), defined as the same as the Destination Address (DA);
the reserved byte consists of 2 bytes;
the payload part has different lengths according to different types of datagrams, and is 64 bytes if the datagram is various types of protocol packets, and is 32+1024 or 1056 bytes if the datagram is a unicast packet, of course, the length is not limited to the above 2 types;
the CRC consists of 4 bytes and is calculated in accordance with the standard ethernet CRC algorithm.
2.2 metropolitan area network packet definition
The topology of a metropolitan area network is a graph and there may be 2, or even more than 2, connections between two devices, i.e., there may be more than 2 connections between a node switch and a node server, a node switch and a node switch, and a node switch and a node server. However, the metro network address of the metro network device is unique, and in order to accurately describe the connection relationship between the metro network devices, parameters are introduced in the embodiment of the present invention: a label to uniquely describe a metropolitan area network device.
In this specification, the definition of the Label is similar to that of the Label of MPLS (Multi-Protocol Label Switch), and assuming that there are two connections between the device a and the device B, there are 2 labels for the packet from the device a to the device B, and 2 labels for the packet from the device B to the device a. The label is classified into an incoming label and an outgoing label, and assuming that the label (incoming label) of the packet entering the device a is 0x0000, the label (outgoing label) of the packet leaving the device a may become 0x 0001. The network access process of the metro network is a network access process under centralized control, that is, address allocation and label allocation of the metro network are both dominated by the metro server, and the node switch and the node server are both passively executed, which is different from label allocation of MPLS, and label allocation of MPLS is a result of mutual negotiation between the switch and the server.
As shown in the following table, the data packet of the metro network mainly includes the following parts:
DA SA Reserved label (R) Payload CRC
Namely Destination Address (DA), Source Address (SA), Reserved byte (Reserved), tag, payload (pdu), CRC. The format of the tag may be defined by reference to the following: the tag is 32 bits with the upper 16 bits reserved and only the lower 16 bits used, and its position is between the reserved bytes and payload of the packet.
Based on the characteristics of the video network, the invention provides one of the core concepts of the embodiment, and all the terminal devices are managed by the protocol conversion server according to the protocol of the video network; transmitting all data of the video networking protocol by the core switching server, wherein the data comprises data transmitted by an application program which is adapted to the Internet protocol in the user terminal equipment; the protocol conversion server and the user terminal device convert the data of the video networking protocol and the data of the Internet protocol mutually, and the user terminal device accesses the Internet through the protocol conversion server.
In the embodiment of the invention, the video network comprises a core switching server, a protocol conversion server and user terminal equipment.
Referring to fig. 5, in the embodiment of the present invention, the communication between the terminal device and the protocol conversion server and the core switching server is transmitted through the video network.
Example one
Referring to fig. 6, a flowchart illustrating steps of an embodiment of a device networking method according to the present invention is shown, where the method may be applied to video networking, and specifically may include the following steps:
step 601, the protocol conversion server receives a registration request sent by the user terminal device through the core switching server, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number.
In a specific implementation, before a user uses the internet for the first time to access the internet, the user needs to complete user registration, and the user sends a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device (a physical address of a device in the internet), and an UNM number (a logical number of the device in the internet) to the protocol conversion server through the core switching server through the terminal device, where the user account and the user password are set by the user when registering.
In this embodiment of the present invention, before performing step 601, further includes: the protocol conversion server receives a broadcast message sent by a core switching server, wherein the broadcast message comprises an NUM number and a device type of the core switching server; the protocol conversion server sends a first network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast message; the protocol conversion server receives a first response message sent by the core switching server according to the first network access request; and the protocol conversion server establishes connection with the core switching server according to the first response message.
In a specific implementation, the core switching server sends a broadcast message to the whole video network at regular time, the broadcast message contains UNM number and device type of the core switching server, after receiving the broadcast message sent by the switching server, the newly-accessed protocol conversion server sends a first network access request to the core switching server, the core switching server sends a response message to the protocol conversion server and establishes connection with the protocol conversion server, and after the connection is established, the protocol conversion server sends a heartbeat message to the core switching server at regular time.
In this embodiment of the present invention, before performing step 601, further includes: the user terminal equipment receives a broadcast message sent by a core switching server, wherein the broadcast message comprises an NUM number and an equipment type of the core switching server; the user terminal equipment sends a second network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the equipment type in the broadcast message; the user terminal equipment receives a second response message sent by the core switching server according to the second network access request; and the user terminal equipment establishes connection with the core switching server according to the second response message.
In the specific implementation, the protocol conversion server is referred to for network access, newly accessed user terminal equipment receives a broadcast message of a core switching server and sends a second network access request to the core switching server, the core switching server establishes connection with the user terminal equipment and sends a response message, and the user terminal equipment sends a heartbeat message to the core switching server at regular time.
Step 602, the protocol conversion server receives a connection establishment request of the user terminal device, where the connection establishment request includes: user account, user password, MAC address of user terminal equipment, NUM number.
In a specific implementation, after the user terminal device accesses the video network and the user has completed registration, a connection establishment request including a user account, a user password, and an MAC address and a NUM number of the user terminal device may be sent to the protocol conversion server. The user account and the user password are set by the user at the time of registration.
Step 603, the protocol conversion server verifies whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address of the user terminal device, and the NUM number are correct.
In the specific implementation, the protocol conversion server stores a user account and a password of the user, and an MAC address and a NUM number of the user terminal are used for authentication when the user registers, and the user information is verified to be correct by comparing the user account and the password with the user information in the connection establishment request sent by the user terminal device.
And 604, if yes, selecting a virtual terminal number from a virtual terminal pool by the protocol conversion server to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, wherein the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server.
In a specific implementation, the protocol conversion server verifies a user account and a password in a connection establishment request sent by the user terminal device, and when an MAC (media access control) address and a NUM (number ) of the user terminal are correct, selects a number of an idle virtual terminal device from a virtual terminal pool in the protocol conversion server according to the use condition of the virtual terminal device to establish connection with the user terminal device, and the user mobile terminal is accessed to the internet.
Step 605, the application program adapted to the internet protocol in the user terminal device accesses the internet through the protocol server.
In the specific implementation, all application programs in the user terminal equipment are adapted to an internet protocol, so that generated data are in an internet format, when the user terminal equipment needs to perform data interaction with the internet, the user terminal equipment performs data interaction with the protocol conversion server by converting internet format data into a video networking format, and the protocol conversion server is connected with the internet, so that the user terminal equipment is accessed to the internet.
Preferably, step 605 includes:
a substep a11, in which a message conversion program is arranged in the protocol conversion server and the user terminal device, and the message conversion program is used for converting internet messages into video networking messages or/and converting video networking messages into internet messages;
and a substep a12, wherein the protocol conversion server performs video network message transmission with the user terminal equipment through the core switching server.
In the embodiment of the invention, because the data generated by the application program in the user terminal equipment is in an internet format, the message which needs to be converted into the internet format can be transmitted in the internet, and the user terminal equipment is accessed into the internet through the protocol conversion server, the message conversion program is arranged in the protocol conversion server and the user terminal equipment to convert the internet message and the internet message into each other.
In the embodiment of the invention, terminal equipment transmits data to the internet through a video network, an upper layer application transmits a data packet to a network layer for message encapsulation of an internet protocol, a message conversion program performs message encapsulation of the internet protocol again to the internet protocol to obtain the data packet of the video network protocol, the data packet is transmitted to a physical network card through a data link layer and transmitted to a protocol conversion server through a core switching server, the protocol conversion server performs decapsulation on the data packet of the video network protocol to obtain the data packet of the internet protocol, and the data packet of the internet protocol is transmitted to the internet. The internet transmits data to the equipment through the video network, the protocol conversion server receives an internet protocol data packet from the internet, the internet protocol data packet is subjected to message encapsulation of the video network protocol to obtain a data packet of the video network protocol, the protocol conversion server sends the data packet of the video network protocol to the terminal equipment through the core switching server, a message conversion program in the terminal equipment carries out decapsulation on the video network protocol data packet to obtain the internet protocol data packet, then decapsulates the video network protocol data packet to obtain the data packet, and then sends the data packet to the upper application.
For example: the user uses the mail application in the terminal device to send a mail to the internet, the mail application transmits a mail data packet to a network layer for message encapsulation of an internet protocol, the message conversion program performs secondary message encapsulation on the mail data of the internet protocol to form a data packet of a video networking protocol, then the mail data packet of the video networking protocol is sent to a physical network card and sent to a protocol conversion server through a core exchange server, and the protocol conversion server performs decapsulation on the mail data packet of the video networking protocol to obtain the mail data packet of the internet protocol and then sends the mail data packet of the internet protocol to the internet.
In the embodiment of the present invention, after step 605 is executed, the method further includes: the user terminal equipment sends a disconnection request message to the protocol conversion server; and the protocol conversion server disconnects the corresponding virtual terminal from the user terminal equipment.
The embodiment of the invention applies the characteristics of the video network, and receives a registration request sent by the user terminal equipment through the core switching server through the protocol conversion server, wherein the registration request comprises a user account, a user password, an MAC (media access control) address and an NUM (non-uniform memory) number of the user terminal equipment; the protocol conversion server receives a connection establishment request of the user terminal equipment, wherein the connection establishment request comprises: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment; the protocol conversion server verifies whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address and the NUM number of the user terminal equipment are correct or not; if yes, the protocol conversion server selects a virtual terminal number from a virtual terminal pool to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, and the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server; and the application program in the user terminal equipment, which is adapted to the Internet protocol, accesses the Internet through the protocol conversion server. The embodiment of the invention enables the user terminal equipment to access the Internet through the video network in a dialing mode by setting the protocol conversion server, improves the flexibility and the safety of the equipment in the video network for accessing the Internet, and reduces the networking cost due to the virtual terminal pool set by the protocol conversion server.
Example two
Referring to fig. 7, a block diagram of a device networking apparatus 700 according to an embodiment of the present invention is shown, where the apparatus may be applied to video networking, and specifically may include the following modules:
a registration module 701, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a registration request sent by the user terminal device through the core switching server, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number;
a connection establishment request module 702, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a connection establishment request of the user terminal device, where the connection establishment request includes: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment;
the verification module 703 is configured to verify whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address of the user terminal device, and the NUM number are correct by the protocol conversion server;
a connection establishing module 704, configured to select, by the protocol conversion server, a number of a virtual terminal from a virtual terminal pool, where the virtual terminal pool is set in the protocol conversion server, and establish a connection with the user terminal device if the number of the virtual terminal is the same as the number of the user terminal device;
an access module 705, configured to access the internet through the protocol conversion server, for an application program in the user terminal device that is adapted to the internet protocol.
An access module 705, comprising:
a message conversion submodule, configured to set a message conversion program in the protocol conversion server and the user terminal device, where the message conversion program is configured to convert an internet message into an internet message or/and convert the internet message into an internet message;
and the message transmission submodule is used for the protocol conversion server to carry out video networking message transmission with the user terminal equipment through the core switching server.
Before registering the module 701, the method further includes:
a first broadcast receiving module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a broadcast packet sent by a core switching server, where the broadcast packet includes a NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
a first network access request sending module, configured to send, by the protocol conversion server, a first network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast packet;
a first response message receiving module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a first response message sent by the core switching server according to the first network access request;
and the first video networking connection establishing module is used for establishing the connection between the protocol conversion server and the core switching server according to the first response message.
Before registering the module 701, the method further includes:
a second broadcast receiving module, configured to receive, by the user equipment, a broadcast packet sent by a core switching server, where the broadcast packet includes a NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
a second network access request sending module, configured to send, by the user terminal device, a second network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast message;
a second response message receiving module, configured to receive, by the ue, a second response message sent by the core switching server according to the second network access request;
and the second video network connection establishing module is used for establishing the connection between the user terminal equipment and the core switching server according to the second response message.
After the accessing module 705, the method further includes:
a disconnection request sending module, configured to send, by the user terminal device, a disconnection request packet to the protocol conversion server;
and the disconnection module is used for disconnecting the connection between the corresponding virtual terminal and the user terminal equipment by the protocol conversion server.
In the embodiment of the present invention, by applying the characteristics of the video network, the protocol conversion server receives a registration request sent by the user terminal device through the core switching server, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number; the protocol conversion server receives a connection establishment request of the user terminal equipment, wherein the connection establishment request comprises: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment; the protocol conversion server verifies whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address and the NUM number of the user terminal equipment are correct or not; if yes, the protocol conversion server selects a virtual terminal number from a virtual terminal pool to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, and the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server; and the application program in the user terminal equipment, which is adapted to the Internet protocol, accesses the Internet through the protocol conversion server. The embodiment of the invention enables the user terminal equipment to access the Internet through the video network in a dialing mode by setting the protocol conversion server, improves the flexibility and the safety of the equipment in the video network for accessing the Internet, and reduces the networking cost due to the virtual terminal pool set by the protocol conversion server.
For the device embodiment, since it is basically similar to the method embodiment, the description is simple, and for the relevant points, refer to the partial description of the method embodiment.
The embodiments in the present specification are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other.
As will be appreciated by one skilled in the art, embodiments of the present invention may be provided as a method, apparatus, or computer program product. Accordingly, embodiments of the present invention may take the form of an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment or an embodiment combining software and hardware aspects. Furthermore, embodiments of the present invention may take the form of a computer program product embodied on one or more computer-usable storage media (including, but not limited to, disk storage, CD-ROM, optical storage, and the like) having computer-usable program code embodied therein.
Embodiments of the present invention are described with reference to flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams of methods, terminal devices (systems), and computer program products according to embodiments of the invention. It will be understood that each flow and/or block of the flow diagrams and/or block diagrams, and combinations of flows and/or blocks in the flow diagrams and/or block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions. These computer program instructions may be provided to a processor of a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, embedded processor, or other programmable data processing terminal to produce a machine, such that the instructions, which execute via the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing terminal, create means for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer-readable memory that can direct a computer or other programmable data processing terminal to function in a particular manner, such that the instructions stored in the computer-readable memory produce an article of manufacture including instruction means which implement the function specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer or other programmable data processing terminal to cause a series of operational steps to be performed on the computer or other programmable terminal to produce a computer implemented process such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable terminal provide steps for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart flow or flows and/or block diagram block or blocks.
While preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, additional variations and modifications of these embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art once they learn of the basic inventive concepts. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims be interpreted as including preferred embodiments and all such alterations and modifications as fall within the scope of the embodiments of the invention.
Finally, it should also be noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or terminal that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or terminal. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrase "comprising an … …" does not exclude the presence of other like elements in a process, method, article, or terminal that comprises the element.
The above detailed description is provided for a terminal device upgrading method and a terminal device upgrading apparatus, and a specific example is applied in this document to explain the principle and the implementation of the present invention, and the description of the above embodiment is only used to help understanding the method and the core idea of the present invention; meanwhile, for a person skilled in the art, according to the idea of the present invention, there may be variations in the specific embodiments and the application scope, and in summary, the content of the present specification should not be construed as a limitation to the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A method for networking equipment, the method is applied to a video network, and the video network comprises: the method comprises the following steps:
the protocol conversion server receives a registration request sent by the user terminal equipment through the core switching server, wherein the registration request comprises a user account, a user password, an MAC (media access control) address and an NUM (non-uniform memory number) of the user terminal equipment;
the protocol conversion server receives the connection establishment request of the user terminal equipment, and the connection establishment request comprises the following steps: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment;
the protocol conversion server verifies whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address and the NUM number of the user terminal equipment are correct or not;
if yes, the protocol conversion server selects a number of an idle virtual terminal from a virtual terminal pool according to the using condition of the virtual terminal to establish connection with the user terminal equipment, and the virtual terminal pool is arranged in the protocol conversion server;
the application program adapted to the internet protocol in the user terminal equipment accesses the internet through the protocol conversion server, and the method comprises the following steps: an application program which is adaptive to an internet protocol in the user terminal equipment generates data in an internet format, when the user terminal equipment needs to perform data interaction with the internet, the user terminal equipment converts the data in the internet format into a video networking format, performs video networking message transmission with the protocol conversion server through the core exchange server, and accesses the internet through the protocol conversion server;
the protocol conversion server and the user terminal equipment are provided with message conversion programs, and the message conversion programs are used for converting internet messages into video networking messages or/and converting the video networking messages into the internet messages.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the protocol conversion server receives a registration request from the user terminal device, the registration request includes a user account of the user terminal device, a user password, a MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number, and before the steps, the method further includes:
the protocol conversion server receives a broadcast message sent by a core switching server, wherein the broadcast message comprises an NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
the protocol conversion server sends a first network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast message;
the protocol conversion server receives a first response message sent by the core switching server according to the first network access request;
and the protocol conversion server establishes connection with the core switching server according to the first response message.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the protocol conversion server receives a registration request from the user terminal device, the registration request includes a user account, a user password, a MAC address of the user terminal device, and before the step of numnumbering, the method further includes:
the user terminal equipment receives a broadcast message sent by a core switching server, wherein the broadcast message comprises an NUM number and an equipment type of the core switching server;
the user terminal equipment sends a second network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the equipment type in the broadcast message;
the user terminal equipment receives a second response message sent by the core switching server according to the second network access request;
and the user terminal equipment establishes connection with the core switching server according to the second response message.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein after the step of accessing the internet through the protocol conversion server, the application adapted to the internet protocol in the user terminal device further comprises:
the user terminal equipment sends a disconnection request message to the protocol conversion server;
and the protocol conversion server disconnects the corresponding virtual terminal from the user terminal equipment.
5. An apparatus for networking devices, the apparatus being applied in a video network, the video network comprising: the device comprises a core exchange server, a protocol conversion server and user terminal equipment, and comprises:
a registration module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a registration request sent by the user terminal device through the core switching server, where the registration request includes a user account, a user password, an MAC address of the user terminal device, and a NUM number;
a connection establishment request module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a connection establishment request of the user terminal device, where the connection establishment request includes: a user account, a user password, an MAC address and an NUM number of user terminal equipment;
the verification module is used for verifying whether the user account, the user password, the MAC address of the user terminal equipment and the NUM number are correct or not by the protocol conversion server;
a connection establishing module, configured to select, by the protocol conversion server, a number of an idle virtual terminal from a virtual terminal pool according to a usage situation of the virtual terminal, and establish connection with the user terminal device, where the virtual terminal pool is set in the protocol conversion server;
the access module is used for accessing an application program which is adaptive to an Internet protocol in the user terminal equipment to the Internet through the protocol conversion server; the access module comprises:
the message conversion submodule is used for an application program which is adaptive to an internet protocol in the user terminal equipment to generate data in an internet format, and when the user terminal equipment needs to perform data interaction with the internet, the user terminal equipment converts the data in the internet format into a video network format;
the message transmission submodule is used for carrying out video networking message transmission with the protocol conversion server through the core switching server and accessing the Internet through the protocol conversion server;
the protocol conversion server and the user terminal equipment are provided with message conversion programs, and the message conversion programs are used for converting internet messages into video networking messages or/and converting the video networking messages into the internet messages.
6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the registration module is preceded by:
a first broadcast receiving module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a broadcast packet sent by a core switching server, where the broadcast packet includes a NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
a first network access request sending module, configured to send, by the protocol conversion server, a first network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast packet;
a first response message receiving module, configured to receive, by the protocol conversion server, a first response message sent by the core switching server according to the first network access request;
and the first video networking connection establishing module is used for establishing the connection between the protocol conversion server and the core switching server according to the first response message.
7. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the registration module is preceded by:
a second broadcast receiving module, configured to receive, by the user equipment, a broadcast packet sent by a core switching server, where the broadcast packet includes a NUM number and a device type of the core switching server;
a second network access request sending module, configured to send, by the user terminal device, a second network access request to the core switching server according to the NUM number and the device type in the broadcast packet;
a second response message receiving module, configured to receive, by the ue, a second response message sent by the core switching server according to the second network access request;
and the second video network connection establishing module is used for establishing the connection between the user terminal equipment and the core switching server according to the second response message.
8. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the access module is followed by further comprising:
a disconnection request sending module, configured to send, by the user terminal device, a disconnection request packet to the protocol conversion server;
and the disconnection module is used for disconnecting the connection between the corresponding virtual terminal and the user terminal equipment by the protocol conversion server.
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