CN109347427A - A kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system and adjusting method - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system and adjusting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109347427A
CN109347427A CN201811273537.XA CN201811273537A CN109347427A CN 109347427 A CN109347427 A CN 109347427A CN 201811273537 A CN201811273537 A CN 201811273537A CN 109347427 A CN109347427 A CN 109347427A
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China
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solar
power generation
level
generation unit
solar power
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Granted
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CN201811273537.XA
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CN109347427B (en
Inventor
徐峰
邓源
李洪强
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Hunan University
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Hunan University
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/20Collapsible or foldable PV modules
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/28Other arrangements on doors or windows, e.g. door-plates, windows adapted to carry plants, hooks for window cleaners
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/20Optical components
    • H02S40/22Light-reflecting or light-concentrating means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

A kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system and adjusting method, the system includes level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit, it is rotatablely connected between the level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit, two-stage solar generator unit is rotated along level-one solar power generation unit;Or the tow sides of two-stage solar generator unit are selectively bonded respectively with the tow sides of level-one solar power generation unit;The level-one solar power generation unit and forms are rotatablely connected.The invention also includes the adjusting methods of the system.Solar power generation, high-efficiency solar power generation, the use of reflection guidance four kinds of light, building heat preservation modes, quick and easy for installation, strong operability can be achieved in the present invention;Solar energy utilization ratio can be improved 40% ~ 50%, and building energy conservation improves 20% ~ 35%.

Description

A kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system and adjusting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to building energy saving field, especially a kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system and Adjusting method.
Background technique
By differentiation in tens million of years, the mankind most it is adaptable be exactly the Nature natural surroundings.Human eye is as visual organ Palace, most adaptable is natural light, then perfect artificial light source can not also substitute natural light.According to statistics, building is in operational process Middle lighting energy consumption accounts for the 40% ~ 50% of total energy consumption.Therefore natural light is made full use of under construction, can save a large amount of artificial lights and bring Power consumption.
Solar illuminating system mainly by solar battery, charging-discharging controller, battery, illuminator component and they Between several parts compositions such as cable.Working principle is: in the period for having natural light, solar battery group by it is collected too Sun can be converted into electric energy, under control of the control system, using solar-energy photo-voltaic cell MPPT mode, electric energy is stored into electric power storage Chi Zuzhong controls driving method using PWM when lighting system needs electric energy to power, and provides to lighting source safe and efficient Voltage and current, makes that lighting system is safe and stable, efficiently and reliably works, and environmental clean green is provided for work and life Illumination.
Architectural shading is to prevent building envelope by excessive heat in order to avoid direct sunlight, and cause part Overheat and dazzle, and the requisite measure of the indoor each article of protection, rational design are to improve Summer Indoor Thermal internal consistency of general comfort and drop An important factor for low building energy consumption.Either transparent window portion or other opaque architectural exterior-protecting constructions, big portion Divide solar radiation all can be by then entering the room, greenhouse effects increase room temperature rapidly, cause Summer Indoor temperature mistake It is high.Modern architecture is due to being widely applied large-area glass on facade, in addition the generally use for the light structures that industrialization arrives, adds The acute deterioration of Indoor Thermal physical environment, thus architectural shading in terms of improving indoor environment comfort level and building energy conservation to closing weight It wants.
However, solar energy power generating plate is often layed in facade or roof at present, so that architectural shading and the sun Energy lighting system is not integrated, and architectural shading needs are rethought and designed.Solar energy power generating plate is also easy to produce light It while pollution, influence elevation of building effect, and is fixed, the sunray of only a certain elevation angle is best angle, significantly Affect the transfer efficiency of solar panel.
Summary of the invention
A kind of photoelectric conversion rate height is provided the purpose of the present invention is overcoming the above-mentioned insufficient of the prior art, residence comfort Height, energy-saving heat preserving is at low cost, the solar energy power generating of simple installation and architectural shading integral system and adjusting method.
The technical scheme is that
A kind of solar energy power generating of the present invention and architectural shading integral system, including level-one solar power generation unit and two Grade solar power generation unit, is rotatablely connected between the level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit, maximum Rotational angle is 360 °, so that the tow sides of two-stage solar generator unit are positive and negative with level-one solar power generation unit respectively Two sides is selectively bonded;The level-one solar power generation unit is rotatablely connected along forms.
Above scheme has the advantage that (1) existing solar power generation unit is all one piece of whole plate, directly turns with forms Dynamic connection, and the present invention is by being divided into two parts, and level-one solar power generation unit and the second level sun for solar power generation unit It can be rotatablely connected between generator unit, it is strong and weak according to the illumination of natural light, it not only can flexible modulation level-one solar power generation unit Angle between forms, can also angle between flexible modulation level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit Degree, has increased considerably the photoelectric conversion rate of solar energy power generating plate, has adapted to the demand of Various Seasonal and period, avoided dizzy The generation of light, effectively maintain Interior Illumination Environment be in relatively stable comfortable state, while reduce building construction and The expense of architectural shading;(2) tow sides of two-stage solar generator unit are positive and negative with level-one solar power generation unit respectively Two sides is selectively bonded, and on the one hand can control the range of forms daylighting, full window daylighting is such as become high side light daylighting;Another party Two-stage solar generator unit can be withdrawn, be generated electricity only with level-one solar power generation unit by fitting by face, can also The reverse side of two-stage solar generator unit is towards window, without power generation.
The above-mentioned fitting of the present invention can be between level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit completely Fitting, is also possible to be equipped with gap therebetween, the present invention is not especially limited this.In addition, above-mentioned level-one of the invention is too Positive energy generator unit and forms rotation connection can be and be directly rotatablely connected with forms, can also rotate company with the periphery of forms It connects.
Further, the two-stage solar generator unit includes two-stage solar power generation plate, the two-stage solar power generation Plate connects reflector by insulation board.When natural light is strong, two-stage solar generator unit can be adjusted to positive (i.e. second level The side of solar panel), it generates electricity together with level-one solar panel;When light is more soft, it is adjusted to reverse side (i.e. the side of reflector), reflects into interior for light, so that natural lighting is injected indoor depth and increases, provides indoor environment Comfort level reduces building energy consumption.
In the present invention, as long as the reflector of the application can be made in the material that can play reflection action, the application is to anti- The material of tabula rasa is not construed as limiting, and reflector of the invention is preferably aluminum reflector, and launching effect is good, and cost is relatively low.
Further, the level-one solar power generation unit includes level-one solar panel, the level-one solar power generation Plate passes through insulation board heat-insulation plate connecting.In this way, advantageously reducing architecture indoor heat loss, building heat preservation is realized.
Further, the rotation connection mode between the level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit Are as follows: the top two sides of level-one solar power generation unit and the two sides of the bottom of two-stage solar generator unit pass through second level shaft respectively It links into an integrated entity with a watt adaptation is turned.Second level shaft includes first rotating shaft and the second shaft, turns watt to include the first turn watt and second turn Watt, in this way, two-stage solar generator unit can turn around first rotating shaft after first rotating shaft is with corresponding first turn of watt of connection It is dynamic;Similarly, after the second shaft is with corresponding second turn of watt of connection, two-stage solar generator unit can turn around the second shaft It is dynamic.Wherein, first rotating shaft and the second shaft may be provided on the same solar power generation unit plate body, may be alternatively provided at different solar energy (such as first rotating shaft is located at the top of the plate body of level-one solar power generation unit, and the second shaft is located at second level too on generator unit plate body It is positive can generator unit plate body bottom), and the first turn watt is oppositely arranged with first rotating shaft, and second turn watt opposite with the second shaft to set It sets.
It should be noted that the present invention not to second level shaft and the position turned watt make it is specific limit, as long as two-stage solar Generator unit can be rotated around level-one solar power generation unit and the tow sides of two-stage solar generator unit can be distinguished It is bonded with the tow sides of level-one solar power generation unit.
Further, the level-one solar panel is rotated by level-one shaft along forms;The level-one solar power generation Unit is set to indoor forms side.Preferably, level-one shaft connecting power device, such as motor are controlled dynamic by control system Power device action, and then the rotation of level-one shaft is driven, to adjust the rotational angle of level-one solar power generation unit.Level-one shaft is most High rotation angle is 180 °.Level-one solar power generation unit is set to indoor forms side, rather than facade, so that building It is integrated with solar illuminating system to build sunshade, greatly simplifies structure.
Further, the level-one solar power generation unit is equipped with the first photosensitive sensor, the connection of the first photosensitive sensor Control system, control system control the angle of rotation of level-one solar power generation unit according to the detection information of the first photosensitive sensor Degree.
It is understood that the present invention can also be by setting other than using the first photosensitive sensor detection intensity of illumination Button or remote controler are set to control the rotational angle of level-one solar power generation unit, the present invention is not especially limited this.
Further, the control system includes:
Control panel module, for controlling the rotational angle of level-one solar power generation unit according to the first photosensitive sensor;
Second photosensitive sensor, it is strong and weak for illumination outside sensing chamber, judge whether that The night screen has hung down;
Dimming controlling module, for the detection information according to the second photosensitive sensor, the outer solar illuminating system of control room is opened It closes;
Solar storage battery, for storing extra electric energy.
Above scheme can not only be strong and weak according to the illumination of natural light, the rotation of flexible modulation level-one solar power generation unit Angle, moreover it is possible to turn luminous energy as electric energy and night illumination is provided, and be control system power itself, greatly save electric energy, improve and occupy Comfort level firmly.
It is understood that the present invention can also be by setting other than using the second photosensitive sensor detection intensity of illumination It sets button or remote controler carrys out the outer solar illuminating system of control room, the present invention is not especially limited this.
Preferably, the control system is set to the top of outdoor forms, is additionally provided with outdoor lighting too above outdoor forms Positive energy lamps and lanterns.
Control system is preferably set to the top of outdoor forms by the present invention, convenient for illumination outside the second photosensitive sensor sensing chamber Intensity;Solar energy lamp is selected, luminous energy can be turned as electric energy, night illumination is provided, saved electric energy, reduce cost.In addition, control The system integration is in intelligent control box.Intelligent control box and solar energy lamp can be installed on ceiling, also may be mounted at room Outer other positions, the present invention are not especially limited this.
The adjusting method of another solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system of the present invention, comprising:
When the illumination of natural light is strong, adjust angle between two-stage solar generator unit and level-one solar power generation unit to Best angle power generation;
When the illumination of natural light is weak, by the front of two-stage solar generator unit and the positive face paste of level-one solar power generation unit It closes, makes the reflector side of two-stage solar generator unit towards forms, enter room using the reflection guidance light of reflector It is interior.
Further, comprising:
When natural light is stronger, two-stage solar generator unit is shunk, is adjusted to optimum angle using level-one solar power generation unit Degree power generation;
When natural light is very strong, adjusts two-stage solar generator unit and level-one solar power generation unit is linearly horizontal, close to Window realizes high-efficiency solar power generation, a small amount of daylighting above window;
When indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is big, level-one solar power generation unit is close to window, realizes that building is protected by the insulation board of reverse side Temperature.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) present invention adjusts two-stage solar power generation unit by two-stage shaft, has increased considerably the light of solar panel Optoelectronic conversion ratio;In addition to for system power itself, the storage electric energy in solar storage battery is also the power supply of partial illumination system night, Building energy conservation improves 10% ~ 15%.
(2) present invention replaces the architectural shadings such as blinds using two-stage solar power generation unit, and adapt to Various Seasonal and The demand of period avoids the generation of dazzle, effectively Interior Illumination Environment is maintained to be in relatively stable comfortable state, reduced simultaneously The expense for building construction and architectural shading can save the 3% ~ 5% of building total cost.
(3) natural light is irradiated into interior by ceiling, is increased by the reflection of the reflector of two-stage solar generator unit The depth that natural light enters the room, for room lighting under the same illumination requirement, building energy conservation improves 5% ~ 8%, while extending lamp 1.2 ~ 1.5 times of the service life of tool.
(4) the reverse side insulation board of level-one solar power generation unit of the invention, can be with maximum significant surface when being close to window Product slows down indoor and outdoor energy exchange, reduces indoor energy dissipation, and building energy conservation improves 12% ~ 18%.
Therefore the design concept that the present invention separates the traditional solar energy power generating of breakthrough with architectural shading, using completely new Design method and technology provide night illumination, advantageous building heat preservation using integrating introducing light, reflection light, turning luminous energy as electric energy In the solar power generation and sunshade lighting Collaborative Control of one, each resource is made to be utilized, it is dirty to reduce environment Building energy consumption is greatly lowered in dye, and realization is inexpensive, easy to install, and has easy to operate, system independence, install convenient, application Many advantages, such as field is wide.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the positive structure schematic of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the reverse structure schematic of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the side view of embodiment illustrated in fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the internal structural map of intelligent control box of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the working effect figure of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the work demonstration graph of the embodiment of the present invention.
Drawing reference numeral: 1. level-one solar power generation units;2. two-stage solar generator unit;3. level-one shaft;4. First photosensitive sensor;5. intelligent control box;6. outdoor lighting solar energy lamp;
11. level-one solar panel;12. insulation board;The adhesive sheet 13. level-one insulate;14. first rotating shaft;15. second Shaft;21. two-stage solar power generation plate;22. reflector;23. secondary insulation adhesive sheet;24. the first turn watt;25. second Turn watt;51. dimming controlling module;52. control panel module;53. the second photosensitive sensor;54. converter;55. the sun Energy storage device.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further details below with reference to Figure of description and specific embodiment.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 4: a kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system, including level-one solar energy are sent out Electric unit 1 and two-stage solar generator unit 2.
Specifically, level-one solar power generation unit 1 includes level-one solar panel 11 and insulation board 12, level-one solar energy Power generation plate 11 is used as level-one solar energy by level-one insulation 13 fishplate bar heat-insulation plate connecting 12 of adhesive sheet, level-one solar panel 11 The front of generator unit 1, insulation board 12 are used as reverse side.Insulation board 12 is preferably plastic extrusion heated board.
Two-stage solar generator unit 2 includes two-stage solar power generation plate 21 and reflector 22, two-stage solar power generation plate 21 connect reflector 22 by secondary insulation adhesive sheet 23, and two-stage solar power generation plate 21 is used as two-stage solar generator unit 2 Front, reflector 22 be used as reverse side.Reflector 22 is preferably aluminum reflector.When natural light is strong, it is adjustable to front, It generates electricity together with level-one solar panel;When light is more soft, it is adjusted to reverse side, light is reflected into interior, is made certainly Right illumination injects indoor depth and increases, and provides indoor environment comfort level, reduces building energy consumption.
The bottom of level-one solar power generation unit 1 is equipped with level-one shaft 3, and level-one shaft 3 is fixed on the metope close to forms On, external motor, motor connects control system, and level-one solar panel is adjusted to different angle according to demand, realizes too The maximum optoelectronic transformation efficiency of positive energy photovoltaic power generation plate.
The top of level-one solar power generation unit 1 is set there are two second level shaft, that is, is respectively arranged on first turn of top two sides Axis 14 and the second shaft 15, such as first rotating shaft 13 are provided close to that positive side, and the second shaft 14 is provided close to reverse side That side.The bottom of two-stage solar generator unit 2 sets that there are two respectively opposite with first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft position the One turn watt 24 and the second turn watt 25.By the first turn watt 24 being adapted to first rotating shaft 14 connection (as engaged), two-stage solar Generator unit can be rotated around first rotating shaft, enable the front of two-stage solar generator unit and level-one solar power generation unit Front fitting, make two-stage solar generator unit obtain reflector its effect.By the way that the second turn watt 15 is fitted with the second shaft 15 With connection, the first turn of watt of disengaging first rotating shaft at this time, two-stage solar generator unit can be rotated around the second shaft, so that second level is too It is positive can the reverse side of generator unit can be bonded with the reverse side of level-one solar power generation unit, only level-one solar power generation unit Solar panel works.
In the present embodiment, the maximum rotation angle of level-one shaft is 180 °, and the maximum rotation angle of second level shaft is 360 °.
In the present embodiment, level-one solar power generation unit 1 is equipped with the first photosensitive sensor 4, for detecting natural lighting Power.
It is as shown in Figure 5: in the present embodiment, control system integration in intelligent control box 5, including dimming controlling module 51, Control panel module 52, the second photosensitive sensor 53, converter 54 and solar storage battery 55.According to the first photosensitive sensor 4 Natural light is detected, by converter 54 to 52 feedback result of control panel module, sends rotation instruction.Control panel module 52 connects After receiving instruction, control motor drives level-one shaft 3 to rotate, and realizes the angular adjustment on level-one solar power generation unit.Second After photosensitive sensor 53 detects that The night screen has hung down, start dimming controlling module 51, automatically turns on outdoor solar illuminating system.Its Internal solar storage battery 55 stores extra electric energy wherein, is control system power itself.The control system of the present embodiment It can be connect by conducting wire or wireless module with each device.
As shown in Figure 6: intelligent control box 5 is set on outdoor ceiling, and outdoor lighting Solar lamp is additionally provided on outdoor ceiling Tool 6 is used for night illumination.And level-one solar power generation unit 1 is fixed at indoor forms height.System is relatively independent, installation It is convenient and efficient.
It is as shown in Figure 7: under different natural light environments, for different function and demand, two-stage solar power generation unit Usage mode is not quite similar.
High-efficiency solar power generation mode: fine summer, light is stronger, and solar elevation is larger.Noon, light 1 enters the room, and since natural light is strong, rotates 150 ° of level-one solar power generation unit, makes level-one solar panel close to window Family.Second level shaft is manually adjusted simultaneously, makes two-stage solar power generation plate and level-one solar panel is in line level, into height Solar power generation mode is imitated, I and II solar panel is worked at the same time, generated electricity, and extra electricity is stored in intelligent control In solar storage battery in box.Daylighting above window becomes high side light daylighting from full window daylighting, weakens natural light, avoid dizzy Light.
Solar power generation mode: the upper and lower period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, light 2 are weak compared with light 1, and solar elevation is slightly smaller.Rotate level-one solar energy 105 ° of generator unit, make level-one solar panel to best photoelectric conversion angle.By the second shaft of second level shaft and second Turn a watt connection, disconnect first rotating shaft and the first turn watt, shrinks two-stage solar generator unit, make two-stage solar generator unit Reverse side is bonded with the reverse side of level-one solar power generation unit, while the work of level-one solar panel, to be indoor introducing A large amount of natural lights, into solar power generation mode.
Spring, autumn, light intensity are not much different with light 2, and solar elevation is smaller.Noon, light 3 will cause gently Micro- dazzle rotates 120 ° of level-one solar power generation unit, into solar power generation mode.Two-stage solar generator unit is shunk, Influence of the reduction system to indoor lighting.
Reflection guidance light pattern: the upper and lower period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, light 4 is relatively soft, considers that introducing more natural lights enters the room, Increase natural light irradiation area.Second level shaft is manually adjusted, so that the first rotating shaft of second level shaft and the first turn of watt of connection, disconnect Second shaft and the second turn watt shrink two-stage solar generator unit upwards, make the front and one of two-stage solar generator unit The front fitting of grade solar power generation unit, the reflector work of two-stage solar generator unit reverse side.Then adjust level-one too Positive 120 ° of generator unit of energy, keeps level-one solar panel vertical with metope and window.Light penetrates window, is reflected by reflector Secondary reflex is carried out to ceiling, guides light pattern into reflection.
The solar elevation of winter light is smaller.Noon guides light mould using reflection to introduce more natural lights Formula.Two-stage solar generator unit is shunk, the reflector for making two-stage solar generator unit reverse side upward, rotates level-one solar energy Generator unit enters the room 5 secondary reflection of light to 90 °.
High-efficiency solar power generation+building heat preservation mode: the upper and lower period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m selects building heat preservation because considering that temperature is lower With high-efficiency solar power generation both of which.180 ° of level-one solar power generation unit of rotation makes level-one solar panel be close to window Family.Two-stage solar generator unit is then adjusted, back rotates 30 °, two-stage solar panel works together.Because of the second level sun Energy power generation plate and window are angled, and light 6 enters the room above window.Meanwhile level-one solar panel due to be close to window, The insulation board of reverse side makes window increase an insulating layer, is able to achieve building heat preservation.
Not operating mode: when rainy days, available light is weak, shrinks two-stage solar power generation unit, is allowed to naturally droop, with Metope horizontal abutment.Start the solar storage battery in intelligent control box, solar illuminating system outside opening chamber is powered for it.
In conclusion the present invention can be directed to Various Seasonal different periods, the difference of solar azimuth and solar elevation makes too Positive energy generator unit, which can rotate to adjust by two-stage shaft, arrives optimum position, improves the photoelectric conversion of solar panel as far as possible Efficiency makes full use of solar energy, reduces building energy consumption.The design, which is rotated level-one solar power generation unit by level-one shaft, to be adjusted Section recycles the two-stage solar generator unit of second level shaft adjustment connection to best angle, realizes solar power generation, efficiently too Sun can generate electricity, reflect guidance four kinds of light, building heat preservation modes.When natural light is more strong, two-stage solar generator unit It shrinks, the first photosensitive sensor transmits panel control module of the information into intelligent control box by converter, and feedback result is extremely Level-one solar panel is adjusted to best angle power generation by level-one shaft;When natural light strongly when, manually adjust second level Shaft keeps two-stage plate horizontal in straight line, is close to window and realizes high-efficiency solar power generation, plays the role of architectural shading, and lead to The insulation board for crossing system reverse side reduces interior to be influenced by architectural exterior-protecting construction heat transfer, still carries out a small amount of daylighting above window; When natural light is soft, it is irradiated into indoor depth for increasing light, as far as possible increase natural light irradiation face, adjustment second level turns The front of two-stage solar generator unit is bonded with the front of level-one solar power generation unit, is sent out using two-stage solar by axis The reflector of electric unit reverse side reflects natural light, then is entered the room by ceiling reflection light;It, will when indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is larger Level-one solar power generation unit is close to window, and the insulation board of reverse side advantageously reduces architecture indoor energy dissipation, realizes building Heat preservation.Positive level-one solar panel generates electricity simultaneously, and two steps are shrinkable with introducing portion natural light or adjusting angle Degree, while generating electricity.Solar storage battery in intelligent control box stores extra electric energy, in addition to for system power itself, For partial illumination system night illumination power supply.
In general, which makes solar energy utilization ratio improve 40% ~ 50%, and building energy conservation improves 20% ~ 35%.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that including level-one solar power generation list Member and two-stage solar generator unit, the company of rotation between the level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit Connect, maximum rotation angle be 360 ° so that the tow sides of two-stage solar generator unit respectively with level-one solar power generation list The tow sides of member are selectively bonded;The level-one solar power generation unit is rotatablely connected along forms.
2. solar energy power generating according to claim 1 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that described two Grade solar power generation unit includes two-stage solar power generation plate, and the two-stage solar power generation plate is connected reflective by insulation board Plate.
3. solar energy power generating according to claim 1 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that described one Grade solar power generation unit includes level-one solar panel, and the level-one solar panel is connected by insulation board and kept the temperature Plate.
4. solar energy power generating according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that Rotation connection mode between the level-one solar power generation unit and two-stage solar generator unit are as follows: level-one solar power generation The top two sides of unit and the two sides of the bottom of two-stage solar generator unit, which pass through second level shaft respectively and turn a watt adaptation, to be connected into One.
5. solar energy power generating according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that The level-one solar panel is rotated by level-one shaft along forms;The level-one solar power generation unit is set to indoor window Body side.
6. solar energy power generating according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that The level-one solar power generation unit is equipped with the first photosensitive sensor, and the first photosensitive sensor connects control system, control system System controls the rotational angle of level-one solar power generation unit according to the detection information of the first photosensitive sensor.
7. solar energy power generating according to claim 6 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that the control System processed includes:
Control panel module, for controlling the rotational angle of level-one solar power generation unit according to the first photosensitive sensor;
Second photosensitive sensor, it is strong and weak for illumination outside sensing chamber, judge whether that The night screen has hung down;
Dimming controlling module, for the detection information according to the second photosensitive sensor, the outer solar illuminating system of control room is opened It closes;
Solar storage battery, for storing extra electric energy.
8. solar energy power generating according to claim 6 and architectural shading integral system, which is characterized in that the control System processed is set to the top of outdoor forms, is additionally provided with outdoor lighting solar energy lamp above outdoor forms.
9. the adjusting method of a kind of solar energy power generating and architectural shading integral system, comprising:
When the illumination of natural light is strong, adjust angle between two-stage solar generator unit and level-one solar power generation unit to Best angle power generation;
When the illumination of natural light is weak, by the front of two-stage solar generator unit and the positive face paste of level-one solar power generation unit It closes, makes the reflector side of two-stage solar generator unit towards forms, enter room using the reflection guidance light of reflector It is interior.
10. the adjusting method of solar energy power generating according to claim 9 and architectural shading integral system, feature It is, comprising:
When natural light is stronger, two-stage solar generator unit is shunk, is adjusted to optimum angle using level-one solar power generation unit Degree power generation;
When natural light is very strong, adjusts two-stage solar generator unit and level-one solar power generation unit is linearly horizontal, close to Window realizes high-efficiency solar power generation, a small amount of daylighting above window;
When indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is big, level-one solar power generation unit is close to window, realizes that building is protected by the insulation board of reverse side Temperature.
CN201811273537.XA 2018-10-30 2018-10-30 Solar photovoltaic power generation and building sunshade integrated system and adjusting method Active CN109347427B (en)

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