CN109335544A - A kind of sorting device of mixed cargo - Google Patents

A kind of sorting device of mixed cargo Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109335544A
CN109335544A CN201811360987.2A CN201811360987A CN109335544A CN 109335544 A CN109335544 A CN 109335544A CN 201811360987 A CN201811360987 A CN 201811360987A CN 109335544 A CN109335544 A CN 109335544A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stock
channel
caching
conveyer belt
caching channel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811360987.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109335544B (en
Inventor
宋志兰
冉文学
刘森
冉钧木
孔民警
宋志远
于洋
吴静激
杨礼凡
黄�益
李子悦
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Robo Technologiesautomation Suzhou Co ltd
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Yunnan University of Finance and Economics
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Application filed by Yunnan University of Finance and Economics filed Critical Yunnan University of Finance and Economics
Priority to CN201811360987.2A priority Critical patent/CN109335544B/en
Publication of CN109335544A publication Critical patent/CN109335544A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109335544B publication Critical patent/CN109335544B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G35/00Mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C3/00Sorting according to destination
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C3/00Sorting according to destination
    • B07C3/02Apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/912Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sorting devices of mixed cargo, it include: shuttle one, stock caching channel, three coordinate machine device people and conveyer belt one, one bottom end of shuttle is provided with track one, stock caching channel is located at the tail end of track one, conveyer belt one is located at the tail end in stock caching channel, three coordinate machine device people is set up in the top in stock caching channel, three coordinate machine device people includes longitudinal rail, cross slide way and grasping mechanism, grasping mechanism is slidably connected on cross slide way, and cross slide way is slidably connected on longitudinal rail.The present invention is not only simple in structure, easy to operate, and high degree of automation, saves a large amount of manpower and material resources, improves the efficiency of sorting.

Description

A kind of sorting device of mixed cargo
Technical field
The invention belongs to automatic material flow equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of sorting of mixed cargo is set It is standby.
Background technique
Currently, material flow industry develops very fast, the application to modern technologies with the foundation of China's Modern circulation mechanism Also more more and more universal, pursuit, which integrates light, mechanical, electrical, information technology, efficient automatic Material Handling System, becomes modernization The direction of material flow industry development.The construction of logistics distribution center realizes the high efficiency of logistics business, also achieves logistics cost Be effectively reduced.But still have some links, there are no obtaining scientific and rational solution, such as multi items cargo Sorting problem is mixed, existing method is more time-consuming, inefficient.
Therefore, the sorting device for how providing a kind of mixed cargo becomes asking for those skilled in the art's urgent need to resolve Topic.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, be not only simple in structure the present invention provides a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo, it is easy to operate, and And high degree of automation, a large amount of manpower and material resources are saved, the efficiency of sorting is improved.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of sorting device of mixed cargo, comprising: shuttle one, stock caching channel, three coordinate machine device people and conveying Band one, one bottom end of shuttle are provided with track one, and stock caching channel is located at the tail end of the track one, described defeated The tail end for sending band one to be located at stock caching channel, the three coordinate machine device people are set up in the upper of stock caching channel Side, wherein the three coordinate machine device people includes longitudinal rail, cross slide way and grasping mechanism, and the grasping mechanism is slidably connected On the cross slide way, the cross slide way is slidably connected on the longitudinal rail.
The configuration of the present invention is simple and practical can effectively improve goods sorting efficiency, reduce maintenance cost;Using shuttle Different cargos is delivered to stock caching channel by vehicle one, carries out picking to cargo using three coordinate machine device people, then cargo is sent To conveyer belt one, to complete the sorting of different cargos, high degree of automation saves a large amount of manpower and material resources, improves The efficiency of sorting, has saved resource;Grasping mechanism can transversely guide rail move left and right, and cross slide way can move guide rail front and back along longitudinal direction It is dynamic, to realize that the cargo to each position on stock caching channel grabs.
Further, it there are two the cross slide way and the grasping mechanism are respectively provided with, and is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence.Setting two Grasping mechanism can be improved the sorting efficiency of cargo.In addition, cross slide way and grasping mechanism are not limited to two, it can also basis Actual demand is adjusted.
Further, grasping mechanism includes straight-line electric base, linear motor, connecting shaft and sucker, and the straight-line electric base is logical It crosses shaft one to be connected with driving motor one, idler wheel one is installed in the shaft one, the idler wheel one and the cross track are sliding Dynamic connection;The linear motor is fixed on the straight-line electric base, and the one end of the connecting shaft is mounted on the linear motor, The other end is connected with the sucker.Connecting shaft bottom end is equipped with sucker, grabs cargo using sucker, can band by linear motor Dynamic connecting shaft moves up and down, to realize taking and placing for cargo;Straight-line electric base edge can be driven by driving motor one Cross track sliding.
Further, idler wheel two is installed on the cross track, the idler wheel two is slidably connected with the long rails, and The idler wheel two is connected with driving motor two by shaft two.Cross track can be driven by driving motor two, and track is sliding along longitudinal direction It is dynamic.
Further, stock caching channel includes stock caching channel one, stock caching channel two, stock caching channel Three, stock caching channel four, stock caching channel five and stock caching channel six, wherein the stock caches channel one, described Stock caching channel two, stock caching channel three, the stock caches channel four, the stock caches channel five and described Stock caching channel six it is successively arranged in parallel, and the stock caching channel one and the stock cache channel two between, it is described Between stock caching channel three and stock caching channel four, the stock caches channel five and the stock caches channel six Between be provided with the conveyer belt two, the conveyer belt one is set to the tail end of the conveyer belt two.Three coordinate machine device people picks Cargo out is delivered to conveyer belt one by conveyer belt two, then is sent by conveyer belt one to subsequent processing.In addition, the present invention gets ready the goods Caching channel is not limited to only including stock caching channel one, stock caching channel two, stock caching channel three, stock caching channel Four, stock caching channel five and stock caching channel six, can also decrease or increase according to actual needs.
Further, the stock caches channel one, the stock caches channel two, the stock caches channel three, described Stock caching channel four, stock caching channel five and stock caching six structure of channel are all the same, including bracket, driving Motor three and multiple round rollers, the driving motor three are fixedly mounted on the bracket, multiple round roller spaced sets in It on the bracket, and is sequentially connected between multiple round rollers, the driving motor three is rotatably connected to runner two, the runner Two are rotatablely connected with round roller described in any two by belt.Due to being sequentially connected between multiple round rollers, runner two and its Two neighboring round roller is rotatablely connected by belt, the rotation of multiple round rollers can be controlled by driving motor three, to realize Transverse shifting of the cargo on stock caching channel.
Further, the tail end in stock caching channel is provided with track two, the track two and the track one about Stock caching channel is symmetrical arranged, and shuttle two is provided on the track two.Wherein stock caching channel six can be made Come for alternate channel using can be transmitted back to empty pallet in warehouse by shuttle two or that final quotaion is transmitted to stock caching is logical In road six, avoids empty pallet or final quotaion occupies stock caching channel, to improve the sorting of the utilization rate and system of equipment Efficiency.
Further, the shuttle one is identical with two structure of shuttle, comprising: car body, driving motor four, runner one With conveyer belt three, the driving motor four is installed on the car body, and is driven by the runner one with the conveyer belt three Connection.Using driving motor four can driving conveying belt three rotate, so that it is logical that cargo is transported to stock caching from shuttle one On road, by empty pallet or final quotaion is transmitted back in warehouse from shuttle two or goods caches in channel.
Further, the tail end in stock caching channel is provided with conveyer belt four, and the conveyer belt four is located at the conveying It is arranged in parallel with one head end, and with the conveyer belt one.Wherein stock caching channel six can be used as alternate channel come using, lead to Crossing conveyer belt four can be transmitted back in warehouse by empty pallet or final quotaion is transmitted in stock caching channel six, avoid empty pallet Or final quotaion occupies stock caching channel, to improve the utilization rate of equipment and the sorting efficiency of system.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this The embodiment of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can also basis The attached drawing of offer obtains other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 3 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of shuttle one of the present invention or shuttle two.
Fig. 4 attached drawing is the structural schematic diagram of three coordinate machine device people of the present invention.
Fig. 5 attached drawing is the main view in present invention stock caching channel.
Fig. 6 attached drawing is the top view in present invention stock caching channel.
Wherein, in figure,
1- shuttle one;2- three coordinate machine device people;21- longitudinal rail;22- cross slide way;221- idler wheel two;222- shaft Two;223- driving motor two;23- grasping mechanism;231- straight-line electric base;232- linear motor;233- connecting shaft;234- inhales Disk;235- shaft one;236- driving motor one;237- idler wheel one;3- conveyer belt one;4- track one;5- stock caching channel one; 51- bracket;52- driving motor three;53- round roller;54- runner two;55- belt;6- stock caching channel two;7- stock caching is logical Road three;8- stock caching channel four;9- stock caching channel five;10- stock caching channel six;11- conveyer belt two;12- track Two;13- shuttle two;131- car body;132- runner one;133- conveyer belt three;14- conveyer belt four.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Refering to attached drawing 1,3,4,5 and 6, the present invention provides a kind of sorting devices of mixed cargo, comprising: shuttle 1, Stock caching channel, three coordinate machine device people 2 and conveyer belt 1, one 1 bottom end of shuttle are provided with track 1, stock caching channel Positioned at the tail end of track 1, conveyer belt 1 is located at the tail end in stock caching channel, and three coordinate machine device people 2 is set up in stock caching The top in channel, wherein three coordinate machine device people 2 includes longitudinal rail 21, cross slide way 22 and grasping mechanism 23, grasping mechanism 23 It is slidably connected on cross slide way 22, cross slide way 22 is slidably connected on longitudinal rail 21.
There are two cross slide way 22 and grasping mechanism 23 are respectively provided with, and it is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence.Two grasping mechanisms 23 are set It can be improved the sorting efficiency of cargo.More cross slide ways 22 and grasping mechanism 23 can be additionally set according to actual needs, To improve sorting efficiency.
Grasping mechanism 23 includes straight-line electric base 231, linear motor 232, connecting shaft 233 and sucker 234, straight-line electric base 231 are connected by shaft 1 with driving motor 1, and idler wheel 1, idler wheel 1 and cross are equipped in shaft 1 It is slidably connected to track 22;Linear motor 232 is fixed on straight-line electric base 231, and 233 one end of connecting shaft is mounted on linear motor On 232, the other end is connected with sucker 234.233 bottom end of connecting shaft is equipped with sucker 234, grabs cargo using sucker 234, leads to Crossing linear motor 232 can drive connecting shaft 233 to move up and down, to realize taking and placing for cargo;Pass through driving motor One 236 can drive linear motor 232, and transversely track 22 slides.In addition, grasping mechanism 23 may also be configured to clamping type structure And the structure of other forms.
Idler wheel 2 221 is installed, idler wheel 2 221 is slidably connected with long rails 21, and idler wheel 2 221 on cross track 22 Driving motor 2 223 is connected with by shaft 2 222.The track along longitudinal direction of cross track 22 can be driven by driving motor 2 223 21 slidings.;Grasping mechanism 23 can transversely guide rail 22 move left and right, and cross slide way 22 guide rail 21 can be moved forward and backward along longitudinal direction, from And realize that the cargo to each position on stock caching channel grabs.
Stock caching channel includes stock caching channel 1, stock caching channel 26, stock caching channel 37, stock Cache channel 48, stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10, wherein stock caching channel 1, stock caching are logical Road 26, stock caching channel 37, stock caching channel 48, stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10 are successively put down Row arrangement, and stock caches between channel 1 and stock caching channel 26, stock caches channel 37 and caching channel four of getting ready the goods It is provided with conveyer belt 2 11 between 8, between stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10, conveyer belt 1 is set to The tail end of conveyer belt 2 11.The cargo that three coordinate machine device people 2 sorts out is delivered to conveyer belt 1 by conveyer belt 2 11, then by defeated Band 1 is sent to send to subsequent processing.Present invention stock caches channel and is not limited to only including stock caching channel 1, gets ready the goods to cache and lead to Road 26, stock caching channel 37, stock caching channel 48, stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10, may be used also It decreases or increases according to actual needs.
Stock caching channel 1, stock caching channel 26, stock caching channel 37, stock caching channel 48, stock It caches channel 59 and stock caching 6 10 structure of channel is all the same, including bracket 51, driving motor 3 52 and multiple round rollers 53, Driving motor 3 52 is fixedly mounted on bracket 51, and multiple 53 spaced sets of round roller are on bracket 51, and between multiple round rollers 53 It is sequentially connected, driving motor 3 52 is rotatably connected to runner 2 54, and runner 2 54 and any two round roller 53 pass through belt 55 Rotation connection.Due to being sequentially connected between multiple round rollers 53, runner 2 54 and any two round roller 53 are connected by the rotation of belt 55 It connects, the rotation of multiple round rollers 53 can be controlled by driving motor 3 52, to realize cargo on stock caching channel Transverse shifting.
The tail end in stock caching channel is provided with track 2 12, track 2 12 and track 1 and caches channel pair about stock Claim setting, and is provided with shuttle 2 13 on track 2 12.Wherein stock caching channel 6 10 can be used as alternate channel come using, Empty pallet can be transmitted back in warehouse by shuttle 2 13 or final quotaion is transmitted in stock caching channel 6 10, avoided Empty pallet or final quotaion occupy stock caching channel, to improve the utilization rate of equipment and the sorting efficiency of system.
Shuttle 1 is identical with 2 13 structure of shuttle, comprising: car body 131, driving motor four, runner 1 and conveying Band 3 133, driving motor four are mounted on car body 131, and are sequentially connected by runner 1 and conveyer belt 3 133.Utilize drive Dynamic motor four can driving conveying belt 3 133 rotate, will to cargo is transported to from shuttle 1 on stock caching channel Empty pallet or final quotaion on shuttle 2 13 are transmitted back in warehouse.
The configuration of the present invention is simple and practical can effectively improve cargo transfer efficiency, reduce maintenance cost;Using shuttle Different cargos is delivered to stock caching channel by vehicle 1, carries out picking to cargo using three coordinate machine device people 2, then by cargo It send to conveyer belt 1, to complete the sorting of mixed cargo, high degree of automation saves a large amount of manpower and material resources, improves The efficiency of sorting, has saved resource.
Method for sorting of the invention includes the following steps:
(1) ABC Classification is utilized, mixed cargo that will be to be sorted is divided into A, B, C three classes according to usage degree;
(2) tri- kinds of cargos of A, B, C are transported to the corresponding stock caching channel being set in advance using shuttle 1 On, by tri- kinds of cargos of A, B, C respectively according to the difference of usage degree, the stock caching successively is listed in left bank by right from high to low On channel;
(3) three coordinate machine device people 2 presses instruction picking after receiving picking instruction in each stock caching channel;
(4) cargo that three coordinate machine device people 2 picks is transported on conveyer belt 1 using conveyer belt 2 11, completes sorting Task.
In step (2), first according to the difference of usage degree, by every kind of cargo by A1 >=A2 >=A3 >=... >=An;B1 ≥B2≥B3≥......≥Bn;C1 >=C2 >=C3 >=... >=Cn sorts, then according to A1, A2, A3......An; B1,B2,B3......Bn;The sequence of C1, C2, C3......Cn are come by right side to the left on stock caching channel.It will A, respectively the cargo in type carries out ordered arrangement from right to left by B, C, convenient for the cargo that will be sorted empty pallet quickly from It is removed on channel.
Empty pallet is transmitted back in warehouse by shuttle 2 13 in sorting or final quotaion is transmitted to stock and delay by the present invention It deposits in channel 6 10, avoids empty pallet or final quotaion occupies stock caching channel, to improve sorting efficiency.
The invention firstly uses ABC Classifications to classify, will not using shuttle 1 then according to classification results Congener cargo is transported on the stock caching channel being set in advance, and according to usage degree, is placed on usage degree is high The right end in stock caching channel is gone out goods sorting needed for order using three coordinate machine device people 2 later according to order situation Come, recycles conveyer belt 2 11 to be transferred on the conveyer belt 1 of right side, the task of next step is carried out, due to usage degree height Cargo be in the front end in stock caching channel so that after it has been sorted, can timely by empty pallet or tail product quickly from Stock caching removes in channel, to be not take up stock caching channel, has saved memory space, improves the use effect in space Rate;The cargo picked is placed on conveyer belt 11 by the present invention using three coordinate machine device people 2, then is sent by conveyer belt 2 11 to conveying It is easy to operate on band 1, improve sorting efficiency.
The working principle of the invention:
First with computer to the cargo to be sorted according to ABC Classification, according to degree used in sorting to its into Row classification, then using shuttle 1 by A, B, C tri- kinds of cargo subchannels stock caching, setting A class cargo usage degree compared with Height, C class cargo usage degree is lower, but kind is more, then A class cargo is assigned to stock caching channel 1 and stock caching Among channel 26, B class cargo is assigned among stock caching channel 37, and C class cargo is assigned to stock caching channel four 8, among stock caching channel 59, wherein A, B, C three classes cargo are all the differences according to usage degree, by usage degree by height It is come on stock caching channel to the left to low sequence by right side, waits for the arrival of order, then sorted, and got ready the goods Caching channel 6 10 is used as the temporary channel of final quotaion, directly to use when sorting next time;After order reaches, computer Picking order is issued to three coordinate machine device people 2, subsequent three coordinate machine device people 2 caches channel in each stock according to the information of order In carry out sorting cargo, then using conveyer belt 2 11 by the conveyer belt 1 of the cargo transport picked to right side, until ordering After single required cargo has all sorted, sorting process is completed.
If certain cargo have residue in order sorting, then by the shuttle 2 13 on right side by empty pallet or Turnover box is transmitted back to the empty pallet rest area in warehouse, waits utilize next time, then computer transfers new goods out of library again Object, if A, B type goods sorting are complete at this time, then A, B cargo transferred directly are transported to corresponding stock using shuttle 1 It caches in channel, and since C class cargo is multi items, after a certain cargo Cm has been sorted, computer can be out of library again The cargo Cm ' transferred needs again the frequency of use of more existing C class cargo at this time, then rearranges to it;
If it is remaining that there are also partial cargos after a working day (such as one day) or sorting task, right side can be passed through Shuttle 2 13 by it is each stock caching channel on final quotaion be transported to stock caching channel 6 10, wait next time sorting make With, transferred again out of library when can save final quotaion storage and next sorting task the time required for final quotaion cargo and at This.
The quantity in the stock caching channel in the present invention can be increased or decreased according to the needs of actual production, and this hair Bright structure is simple, high degree of automation, can be widely applied to a variety of logistics such as cigarette, medicine, daily necessities, articles for washing point Pick the field of the mixing storage and sorting of home-delivery center.
Embodiment 2
Attached drawing 2,3,4,5 and 6 is please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of sorting devices of mixed cargo, comprising: shuttle one 1, stock caching channel, 2 people of three coordinate machine device and conveyer belt 1, one 1 bottom end of shuttle are provided with track 1, and stock caching is logical Road is located at the tail end of track 1, and conveyer belt 1 is located at the tail end in stock caching channel, and it is slow that three coordinate machine device people 2 is set up in stock Deposit the top in channel, wherein three coordinate machine device people 2 includes longitudinal rail 21, cross slide way 22 and grasping mechanism 23, grasping mechanism 23 are slidably connected on cross slide way 22, and cross slide way 22 is slidably connected on longitudinal rail 21.
There are two cross slide way 22 and grasping mechanism 23 are respectively provided with, and it is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence.Two grasping mechanisms 23 are set It can be improved the sorting efficiency of cargo.More cross slide ways 22 and grasping mechanism 23 can be additionally set according to actual needs, To improve sorting efficiency.
Grasping mechanism 23 includes straight-line electric base 231, linear motor 232, connecting shaft 233 and sucker 234, straight-line electric base 231 are connected by shaft 1 with driving motor 1, and idler wheel 1, idler wheel 1 and cross are equipped in shaft 1 It is slidably connected to track 22;Linear motor 232 is fixed on straight-line electric base 231, and 233 one end of connecting shaft is mounted on linear motor On 232, the other end is connected with sucker 234.233 bottom end of connecting shaft is equipped with sucker 234, grabs cargo using sucker 234, leads to Crossing linear motor 232 can drive connecting shaft 233 to move up and down, to realize taking and placing for cargo;Pass through driving motor One 236 can drive linear motor 232, and transversely track 22 slides.In addition, grasping mechanism 23 may also be configured to clamping type structure And the structure of other forms.
Idler wheel 2 221 is installed, idler wheel 2 221 is slidably connected with long rails 21, and idler wheel 2 221 on cross track 22 Driving motor 2 223 is connected with by shaft 2 222.The track along longitudinal direction of cross track 22 can be driven by driving motor 2 223 21 slidings.;Grasping mechanism 23 can transversely guide rail 22 move left and right, and cross slide way 22 guide rail 21 can be moved forward and backward along longitudinal direction, from And realize that the cargo to each position on stock caching channel grabs.
Stock caching channel includes stock caching channel 1, stock caching channel 26, stock caching channel 37, stock Cache channel 48, stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10, wherein stock caching channel 1, stock caching are logical Road 26, stock caching channel 37, stock caching channel 48, stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10 are successively put down Row arrangement, and stock caches between channel 1 and stock caching channel 26, stock caches channel 37 and caching channel four of getting ready the goods It is provided with conveyer belt 2 11 between 8, between stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10, conveyer belt 1 is set to The tail end of conveyer belt 2 11.The cargo that three coordinate machine device people 2 sorts out is delivered to conveyer belt 1 by conveyer belt 2 11, then by defeated Band 1 is sent to send to subsequent processing.Present invention stock caches channel and is not limited to only including stock caching channel 1, gets ready the goods to cache and lead to Road 26, stock caching channel 37, stock caching channel 48, stock caching channel 59 and stock caching channel 6 10, may be used also It decreases or increases according to actual needs.
Stock caching channel 1, stock caching channel 26, stock caching channel 37, stock caching channel 48, stock It caches channel 59 and stock caching 6 10 structure of channel is all the same, including bracket 51, driving motor 3 52 and multiple round rollers 53, Driving motor 3 52 is fixedly mounted on bracket 51, and multiple 53 spaced sets of round roller are on bracket 51, and between multiple round rollers 53 It is sequentially connected, driving motor 3 52 is rotatably connected to runner 2 54, and runner 2 54 and any two round roller 53 pass through belt 55 Rotation connection.Due to being sequentially connected between multiple round rollers 53, runner 2 54 and any two round roller 53 are connected by the rotation of belt 55 It connects, the rotation of multiple round rollers 53 can be controlled by driving motor 3 52, to realize cargo on stock caching channel Transverse shifting.
Shuttle 1 includes: car body 131, driving motor four, runner 1 and conveyer belt 3 133, and driving motor four is pacified It is sequentially connected on car body 131, and through runner 1 and conveyer belt 3 133.It can driving conveying belt using driving motor four 3 133 rotations, to cargo is transported to from shuttle 1 or shuttle 2 13 on stock caching channel.
The tail end in stock caching channel is provided with conveyer belt 4 14, and conveyer belt 4 14 is located at the head end of conveyer belt 1, and with Conveyer belt 1 is arranged in parallel.Wherein stock caching channel 6 10 can be used as alternate channel and come using can by conveyer belt 4 14 Empty pallet is transmitted back in warehouse or final quotaion is transmitted in stock caching channel 6 10, empty pallet is avoided or final quotaion occupancy is standby Goods caches channel, to improve sorting efficiency.
The configuration of the present invention is simple and practical can effectively improve goods sorting efficiency, reduce maintenance cost;Using shuttle Different cargos is delivered to stock caching channel by vehicle 1, carries out picking to cargo using three coordinate machine device people 2, then by cargo It is sent by conveyer belt 11 to conveyer belt 1, to complete the sorting of mixed cargo, high degree of automation saves a large amount of manpower Material resources improve the efficiency of sorting, have saved resource.
Method for sorting of the invention includes the following steps:
(1) ABC Classification is utilized, mixed cargo that will be to be sorted is divided into A, B, C three classes according to usage degree;
(2) tri- kinds of cargos of A, B, C are transported to the corresponding stock caching channel being set in advance using shuttle 1 On, by tri- kinds of cargos of A, B, C respectively according to the difference of usage degree, the stock caching successively is listed in left bank by right from high to low On channel;
(3) three coordinate machine device people 2 presses instruction picking after receiving picking instruction in each stock caching channel;
(4) cargo that three coordinate machine device people 2 picks is transported on conveyer belt 1 using conveyer belt 2 11, completes sorting Task.
In step (2), first according to the difference of usage degree, by every kind of cargo by A1 >=A2 >=A3 >=... >=An;B1 ≥B2≥B3≥......≥Bn;C1 >=C2 >=C3 >=... >=Cn sorts, then according to A1, A2, A3......An; B1,B2,B3......Bn;The sequence of C1, C2, C3......Cn are come by right side to the left on stock caching channel.Energy Ordered arrangement, the empty pallet of the cargo convenient for that will be sorted are fast from right to left for enough cargo progress by A, B, C respectively type Speed is removed from channel.
Empty pallet is transmitted back in warehouse by conveyer belt 4 14 in sorting or final quotaion is transmitted to stock and delay by the present invention It deposits in channel 6 10, avoids empty pallet or final quotaion occupies stock caching channel, to improve sorting efficiency.
The invention firstly uses ABC Classifications to classify, will not using shuttle 1 then according to classification results Congener cargo is transported on the stock caching channel being set in advance, and according to usage degree, is placed on usage degree is high The right end in stock caching channel is gone out goods sorting needed for order using three coordinate machine device people 2 later according to order situation Come, recycles conveyer belt 2 11 to be transferred on the conveyer belt 1 of right side, the task of next step is carried out, due to usage degree height Cargo be in the front end in stock caching channel so that after it has been sorted, can timely by empty pallet or tail product quickly from Stock caching removes in channel, to be not take up stock caching channel, has saved memory space, improves the use effect in space Rate;The cargo picked is placed on conveyer belt 2 11 by the present invention using three coordinate machine device people 2, then is sent by conveyer belt to conveyer belt It is easy to operate on one 3, improve sorting efficiency.
The working principle of the invention:
First with computer to the cargo to be sorted according to ABC Classification, according to degree used in sorting to its into Row classification, then using shuttle 1 by A, B, C tri- kinds of cargo subchannels stock caching, setting A class cargo usage degree compared with Height, C class cargo usage degree is lower, but kind is more, then A class cargo is assigned to stock caching channel 1 and stock caching Among channel 26, B class cargo is assigned among stock caching channel 37, and C class cargo is assigned to stock caching channel four 8, among stock caching channel 59, wherein A, B, C three classes cargo are all the differences according to usage degree, by usage degree by height It is come on stock caching channel to the left to low sequence by right side, waits for the arrival of order, then sorted, and got ready the goods Caching channel 6 10 is used as the temporary channel of final quotaion, directly to use when sorting next time;After order reaches, computer Picking order is issued to three coordinate machine device people 2, subsequent three coordinate machine device people 2 caches channel in each stock according to the information of order In carry out sorting cargo, then using conveyer belt 2 11 by the conveyer belt 1 of the cargo transport picked to right side, until ordering After single required cargo has all sorted, sorting process is completed.
If during order has sorted, certain cargo has not had residue, then by the conveyer belt 4 14 on right side by empty pallet or Person's turnover box is transmitted back to the empty pallet rest area in warehouse, waits utilize next time, then computer is transferred out of library new again Cargo, if A, B type goods sorting are complete at this time, then A, B cargo transferred directly are transported to using shuttle 1 corresponding standby Goods caches in channel, and since C class cargo is multi items, after a certain cargo Cm has been sorted, computer can be weighed out of library The cargo Cm ' newly transferred needs again the frequency of use of more existing C class cargo at this time, then rearranges to it;
If it is remaining that there are also partial cargos after a working day (such as one day) or sorting task, right side can be passed through Conveyer belt 4 14 by it is each stock caching channel on final quotaion be transported to stock caching channel 6 10, wait next time sorting make With, transferred again out of library when can save final quotaion storage and next sorting task the time required for final quotaion cargo and at This.
The quantity in the stock caching channel in the present invention can be increased or decreased according to the needs of actual production, and this hair Bright structure is simple, high degree of automation, can be widely applied to a variety of logistics such as cigarette, medicine, daily necessities, articles for washing point Pick the field of the mixing storage and sorting of home-delivery center.
Each embodiment in this specification is described in a progressive manner, the highlights of each of the examples are with other The difference of embodiment, the same or similar parts in each embodiment may refer to each other.For device disclosed in embodiment For, since it is corresponded to the methods disclosed in the examples, so being described relatively simple, related place is said referring to method part It is bright.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo characterized by comprising shuttle one (1), stock caching channel, three coordinates Robot (2) and conveyer belt one (3), shuttle one (1) bottom end are provided with track one (4), stock caching channel position In the tail end of the track one (4), the conveyer belt one (3) is located at the tail end in stock caching channel, the three coordinate machine Device people (2) be set up in it is described stock caching channel top, wherein the three coordinate machine device people (2) include longitudinal rail (21), Cross slide way (22) and grasping mechanism (23), the grasping mechanism (23) is slidably connected on the cross slide way (22), described Cross slide way (22) is slidably connected on the longitudinal rail (21).
2. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cross slide way (22) and There are two the grasping mechanism (23) is respectively provided with, and it is arranged in a one-to-one correspondence.
3. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that grasping mechanism (23) packet Include linear motor (232) seat (231), linear motor (232), connecting shaft (233) and sucker (234), the linear motor (232) Seat (231) is connected by shaft one (235) with driving motor one (236), is equipped with idler wheel one on the shaft one (235) (237), the idler wheel one (237) is slidably connected with the cross track;The linear motor (232) is fixed on the straight-line electric On machine (232) seat (231), described connecting shaft (233) one end is mounted on the linear motor (232), the other end and the suction Disk (234) is connected.
4. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 3, which is characterized in that installed on the cross track There is idler wheel two (221), the idler wheel two (221) is slidably connected with the long rails, and the idler wheel two (221) passes through shaft Two (222) are connected with driving motor two (223).
5. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 1, which is characterized in that stock caching channel packet Include stock caching channel one (5), stock caching channel two (6), stock caching channel three (7), stock caching channel four (8), standby Goods caches channel five (9) and stock caching channel six (10), wherein stock caching channel one (5), stock caching are logical Road two (6), stock caching channel three (7), stock caching channel four (8), stock caching channel five (9) and institute It is successively arranged in parallel to state stock caching channel six (10), and stock caching channel one (5) and the stock cache channel two (6) between, the stock caches between channel three (7) and stock caching channel four (8), the stock caches channel five (9) it is provided with the conveyer belt two (11) between stock caching channel six (10), the conveyer belt one (3) is set to The tail end of the conveyer belt two (11).
6. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the stock caches channel one (5), stock caching channel two (6), stock caching channel three (7), the stock cache channel four (8), described standby Goods caches channel five (9) and stock caching channel six (10) structure is all the same, including bracket (51), driving motor three (52) With multiple round rollers (53), the driving motor three (52) is fixedly mounted on the bracket (51), multiple described round rollers (53) etc. Spacing is set on the bracket (51), and is sequentially connected between multiple round rollers (53), and the driving motor three (52) turns Dynamic to be connected with runner two (54), two adjacent thereto of the runner two (54) round roller (53) is connected by belt (55) rotation It connects.
7. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 5 or 6, which is characterized in that the stock caching is logical The tail end in road is provided with track two (12), the track two (12) and the track one (4) and caches channel pair about the stock Claim setting, and is provided with shuttle two (13) on the track two (12).
8. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the shuttle one (1) and Shuttle two (13) structure is identical, comprising: car body (131), driving motor four, runner one (132) and conveyer belt three (133), the driving motor four is mounted on the car body (131), and passes through the runner one (132) and the conveyer belt three (133) it is sequentially connected.
9. a kind of sorting device of mixed cargo according to claim 5 or 6, which is characterized in that the stock caching is logical The tail end in road is provided with conveyer belt four (14), and the conveyer belt four (14) is located at the head end of the conveyer belt one (3), and with it is described Conveyer belt one (3) is arranged in parallel.
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