CN109329023A - A kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant - Google Patents

A kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109329023A
CN109329023A CN201811296665.6A CN201811296665A CN109329023A CN 109329023 A CN109329023 A CN 109329023A CN 201811296665 A CN201811296665 A CN 201811296665A CN 109329023 A CN109329023 A CN 109329023A
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plant
liquid
content
dendrobium
basin
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Inventor
龚建英
吴玉华
李华
蒙芳
王华新
汪小玉
龙定建
陈宝玲
唐遒冥
苏莉花
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Forestry Research Institute
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Priority to CN201811296665.6A priority Critical patent/CN109329023A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of plant cultivation, the rejuvenation method of specifically a kind of ornamental dendrobium plant, basin is changed by due course root relief, substrate preparation, nutrition supply and LED light source systematic science manage and protect the method combined, after being bloomed with the ornamental dendrobium nobile of solution, plant decline is serious, resistance reduces, the decline of next year Flowering quality, even introduce the problems such as plant is dead, keep decline plant pseudobulb sturdy, blade face is open and flat to have gloss, LED light source systematic science, which is managed and protected, can make the sturdy resistance of plant stalk, leaf little Hua is gorgeous, character of blooming is good, stay in grade, for the long-term preservation for watching dendrobium nobile breeding parent material, extend seedling service life, it reduces production cost and provides new technology and method.

Description

A kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant cultivation, the rejuvenation method of specifically a kind of ornamental dendrobium plant.
Background technique
Dendrobium is the general name of orchid family (Orchidaceae) Dendrobium (DendrobiumSw) plant, belongs to perennial and grows nonparasitically upon another plant Herbaceous plant, pattern is gorgeous, and color is adopted abundant, and the florescence is long, widely used, deep to be liked having in the market by masses in international orchid Critical role is one of four cattleyas ornamental greatly.Dendrobium can be divided into nobile-type dendrobium and autumn dendrobium nobile according to the difference of flowering time, and one As the nobile-type dendrobium natural florescence in 3~May, the natural florescence master of autumn dendrobium nobile wanting for 8~December.Dendrobium nobile inflorescence is watched by middle and upper part internode Or the extraction of top axil, single pseudobulb flower number 10~25, the single inflorescence flower number of some types 25~40, flower amount pole Greatly, nobile-type dendrobium single plant florescence 10~30 days, 45~60 days dendrobium nobile single plant florescences in autumn.Inventors have found that due to watching stone flower amount Greatly, the florescence is long, big to the consumption of nutrient, and after plant blossom, pseudobulb atrophy, leaf color turns yellow, and resistance is poor, influences next year and opens Quality is spent, or even causes plant decline dead, ornamental dendrobium nobile seedling service life is caused to shorten, breeding parent material loss etc. is asked Topic, seriously constrains the sustainable development of ornamental dendrobium nobile breeding and industry.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant, lead to It crosses in due course root relief and changes basin, substrate preparation, nutrition supply and LED light source systematic science and manage and protect the method combined, to solve to see After reward dendrobium nobile is bloomed, plant decline is serious, and resistance reduces, the decline of next year Flowering quality, or even to introduce plant death etc. above-mentioned The problem of being proposed in background technique.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant, comprising the following steps:
(1) root relief changes basin;Annual 4~September changes basin to the ornamental dendrobium plant of Post flowering decline, removes root matrix, will The old root that quality softens is wiped out from base portion, is impregnated plant 3~5 minutes, is drained the water with 75% Bravo wettable powder, 800 times of liquid Point after plantation in in the earthen basin of plant suitable size or breathable plastic basin.
(2) substrate preparation: using cobblestone, pine bark, sphagna, sheep dung mixing as cultivation matrix, matrix diameter is 1 ~5cm, length are 8~10cm, are matched as 3:3:3:1, it is ensured that root system is ventilative, and matrix keeps suitable moisture content, and sustained release is slow Imitate nutrient.
(3) foliage dressing: after changing basin about 20 days, after watching dendrobium nobile pseudobulb extraction sprouting, vegetative growth phase foliage-spray The carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid and balance compound fertilizer, the two are alternately applied, and fertilising concentration is 0.1~0.2%, and every 10d spray is primary, directly It binds to terminal bud, plant stops growing.The carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid and balance compound fertilizer are containing organic carbon, organic matter, fulvic acid, a large amount of The nutrients such as element, microelement are able to satisfy the demand of vegetative growth phase plant pair nutrient, keep pseudobulb sturdy, full, leaf Piece is open and flat, rich in gloss, and resistance increases.
(4) root fertilizer: sheep dung being broken into pulverizer powdered, with plastic barrel or watt cylinder device, is added 0.1% KH2PO42~March of solution soaking fermentation, amount of solution submergence sheep dung are simultaneously higher by plane 5cm.Ornamental dendrobium nobile enters reproductive stage, spreads The sheep dung organic fertilizer fermented is applied, every 1~2g of basin meets the period to the wilderness demand of P, K, organic matter, improves Flowering quality.
(5) daily to manage and protect: after transplanting 3 days, to spray blade face 1 time with 75% thiophanate methyl wettable powder, 800 times of liquid, in advance Disease prevention after growing sprouting, is prevented and treated according to insect pest situation specific aim.It is sprinkled profoundly water after transplanting 2 weeks, backsight weather condition is poured within one month Water waters 1 time for dry weather 2~3 days, and 5~7 days cloudy days watered 1 time, and the rainy day does not water.
(6) LED light source systematic science is managed and protected: with 0.72m2As basic unit, in each fundamental unit central distance stone Dry measure used in former times plant top 30~40cm eminence mounting lamp holder 2, each lamp holder install LED light source lamp bar 1, in vegetative growth phase, often Its 20:00 is irradiated light filling 4 hours to open LED light source to dendrobium plant to during 24:00.
As a further solution of the present invention: the step (1) changes basin, and temperature is 26~33 DEG C, is easy induction sprouting and takes out Out;The ornamental dendrobium nobile plant height for changing basin is 12~30cm, and pseudobulb number is 3~5, using earthen basin or a height of 8~10cm of plastic tub, Bore is 9~12cm.
As a further solution of the present invention: step (2) cultivation matrix, cobblestone and pine bark diameter are 2 ~5cm, sheep dung diameter are 1~1.5cm, and sphagna length is 8~10cm.Sheep dung and pine bark before use, use 25g/L respectively 800 times of liquid of 2000 times of liquid of bromo fluoride chrysanthemum grease and potassium permanganate, which irrigate, to stir evenly, and stack retting 2~3 months spare, to reduce disease pest Harmful and matrix is hardened, meets ornamental dendrobium nobile and grows needs, extends matrix service life.
As a further solution of the present invention: the fertilizing method of the step (3), first sprays height at the plant vegetative growth phase Nitrogen composite fertilizer twice, then spray balance compound fertilizer once and the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid it is primary, three alternately apply, with promote blade with Pseudobulb fast-growth.
As a further solution of the present invention: the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid of the step (4), each component content are organic Matter 302g/L, organic carbon content 175g/L, fulvic acid content are 220g/L, and a great number of elements content is 254g/L, and total nitrogen (N) contains Amount is 135.7g/L, and phosphorus is (with P2O5Meter) content be 24.8g/L, potassium is (with K2O meter) content be 93.6g/L, micronutrient levels 4g/L, copper (Cu) content 0.2g/L, iron (Fe) content 0.7g/L, zinc (Zn) content 1.7g/L, boron (B) content 1.7g/L;Hua Duo More high-nitrogen compound fertilizer N:P:K mass ratioes are 30:10:10, and balance compound fertilizer N:P:K mass ratio is 20:20:20.
As a further solution of the present invention: step (5) the Major Pests prevention and treatment, snail control method are to use per acre 60% methaldehyde particle 600g spreads fertilizer over the fields cultivation area and surrounding;Aphid is sprayed with 10% imidacloprid wettable powder, 3000 times of liquid Plant;Scale insect sprays plant with 25% wettable powder with buprofezin, 1000 times of liquid;73% propargite missible oil 2000 of red spider Times liquid sprays plant.
As a further solution of the present invention: the LED light source lamp bar in the step (6) is red, blue, white light colour mixture lamp Item, illuminance ratio are 7:1:1, wherein red wavelength is 630~660NM, blue light wavelength is 435~450NM, white light color temperature value 6500K, LED light source lamp bar photosynthetic photon flux density are 47.1umol/m2s。
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) present invention is using cobblestone, pine bark, sphagna, sheep dung as cultivation matrix, and is mixed with suitable ratio, Good permeability, while there is good Water-saving effect;Sheep dung granular fertilizer had not only been used as matrix but also to be used as controlled-release fertilizer to release feeding Double effects are waved in distribution;With fungicide and insecticide processing sheep dung and pine tree scytoblastema, it is not easy to breed pest and disease damage, reduces matrix substrate Knot extends matrix service life, promotes the absorption of plant pair nutrient, plant root is flourishing, robust growth.
(2) vegetative growth phase of the invention uses the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid with special composition and high N compound fertilizer, balance multiple Hefei alternately sprays, and reproductive stage is with KH2PO4Sheep dung organic fertilizer is made in solution soaking fermentation sheep dung powder, as controlled-release fertilizer It applies, beneficial nutritional ingredient in different growing stage fertilizer, the nutrient of ornamental dendrobium nobile plant blossom consumption is replenished in time, makes to decline The plant recovery effects moved back are significant, it is ensured that next year Flowering quality.
(3) present invention changes basin, the suitable substrate composition of selection by timely root relief and carries out matrix treatments, by different lifes The special nutrient fertilizer of chronic administration and LED light source systematic science manage and protect that combine the ornamental dendrobium nobile Post flowering decline plant of development multiple Strong method keeps decline plant pseudobulb sturdy, and blade face is open and flat to have gloss, and LED light source systematic science, which is managed and protected, can make plants stems The sturdy resistance of stalk, leaf little Hua is gorgeous, and character of blooming is good, stay in grade, for watch dendrobium nobile breeding parent material long-term preservation, Extend seedling service life, reduces production cost and provide new technology and method.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, every other embodiment obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
(1) root relief changes basin;August part, temperature are 26~33 DEG C, take off basin, plant height to the scribbling sketch dendrobium plant of Post flowering decline For 12~30cm, pseudobulb number is 3~5, removes root matrix, the old root that quality softens is wiped out from base portion, with 75,%00 800 times of liquid of the clear wettable powder of bacterium impregnate plant 3~5 minutes, after draining away the water plantation in the earthen basin of plant suitable size or In breathable plastic basin, a height of 8~10cm of basin, bore is 9~12cm.
(2) substrate preparation: using cobblestone, pine bark, sphagna, sheep dung mixing as cultivation matrix, matrix diameter is 1 ~5cm matches as 3:3:3:1, and cobble, pine bark diameter are 2~5cm, and sheep dung diameter is 1~1.5cm, Sphagna length is 8~10cm;Sheep dung and pine bark before use, use 2000 times of liquid of 25g/L bromo fluoride chrysanthemum grease and permanganic acid respectively 800 times of liquid of potassium, which irrigate, to stir evenly, and stack retting 2~3 months spare.
(3) foliage dressing: after changing basin about 20 days, scribbling sketch dendrobium nobile pseudobulb extracts sprouting out, and the spray of vegetative growth phase elder generation blade face is high Nitrogen composite fertilizer 2 times sprays balance compound fertilizer 1 time, the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid 1 time again, and three alternately applies, and fertilising concentration is 0.1~ 0.2%, every 10d spray is primary, until terminal bud binds, plant height stops growing.Each component content of the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid is organic Matter 302g/L, organic carbon content are
175g/L, fulvic acid content are 220g/L, and a great number of elements content is 254g/L, and total nitrogen (N) content is
135.7g/L, phosphorus is (with P2O5Meter) content be 24.8g/L, potassium is (with K2O meter) content is 93.6g/L, microelement contains Measure 4g/L, copper (Cu) content 0.2g/L, iron (Fe) content 0.7g/L, zinc (Zn) content
1.7g/L, boron (B) content 1.7g/L;Balance compound fertilizer N:P:K mass ratio is 20:20:20.
(4) root fertilizer: sheep dung being broken into pulverizer powdered, with plastic barrel or watt cylinder device, is added 0.1% KH2PO4In 2~March of solution soaking fermentation, amount of solution is to submerge sheep dung and be higher by plane 5cm.Ornamental dendrobium nobile enters reproductive stage, The sheep dung organic fertilizer fermented, every 1~2g of basin are spread fertilizer over the fields near plant root.
(5) daily to manage and protect: pre- with 800 times of 75% thiophanate methyl wettable powder liquid spray blade face 1 time after transplanting 3 days Disease prevention after growing sprouting, is prevented and treated according to insect pest situation specific aim.Major Pests prevention and treatment, snail control method are to use per acre 60% methaldehyde particle 600g spreads fertilizer over the fields cultivation area and surrounding;Aphid is sprayed with 10% imidacloprid wettable powder, 3000 times of liquid Plant;Scale insect sprays plant with 25% wettable powder with buprofezin, 1000 times of liquid;73% propargite missible oil 2000 of red spider Times liquid sprays plant.It is sprinkled profoundly water after transplanting 2 weeks, a backsight weather condition watering in month is watered 1 time for dry weather 2~3 days, yin It waters 1 time within it 5~7 days, the rainy day does not water.
(6) LED light source systematic science is managed and protected: with 0.72m2As basic unit, in each fundamental unit central distance stone Dry measure used in former times plant top 30~40cm eminence mounting lamp holder 2, each lamp holder install LED light source lamp bar 1, in vegetative growth phase, often Its 20:00 is irradiated light filling 4 hours to open LED light source to dendrobium plant to during 24:00.
Comparative example 1 is quoted for embodiment 1
The method of comparative example 1: scribbling sketch dendrobium nobile Post flowering plant does not apply the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid and sheep dung organic fertilizer, only applies flat Weigh compound fertilizer and high nitrogen fertilizer, and using pine bark as cultivation matrix, other daily manage and protect carry out as usual.
Embodiment 1 is compared with comparative example 1, and the method for embodiment 1 is to autumn dendrobium nobile --- the effect of rejuvenation of-scribbling sketch dendrobium plant It makes a significant impact, the mouldy rate of matrix and plant susceptible gene are zero, robust plant, and pseudobulb slightly reaches 1.70cm, and sprouting number is more, flower Larger, flower number is more, and up to 10 or more, next year plant blossom rate is high, up to 98%, (being shown in Table 1).
The method of 1 embodiment 1 of table answers scribbling sketch dendrobium plant the influence of seedling
Embodiment 2
(1) root relief changes basin;August part, temperature are 26~33 DEG C, take off basin, plant height to the green lustrous and transparent dendrobium plant of Post flowering decline For 12~30cm, pseudobulb number is 3~5, removes root matrix, the old root that quality softens is wiped out from base portion, with 75,%00 800 times of liquid of the clear wettable powder of bacterium impregnate plant 3~5 minutes, after draining away the water plantation in the earthen basin of plant suitable size or In breathable plastic basin, a height of 8~10cm of basin, bore is 9~12cm.
(2) substrate preparation: using cobblestone, pine bark, sphagna, sheep dung mixing as cultivation matrix, matrix diameter is 1 ~5cm matches as 3:3:3:1, and cobble, pine bark diameter are 2~5cm, and sheep dung diameter is 1~1.5cm, Sphagna length is 8~10cm;Sheep dung and pine bark before use, use 2000 times of liquid of 25g/L bromo fluoride chrysanthemum grease and permanganic acid respectively 800 times of liquid of potassium, which irrigate, to stir evenly, and stack retting 2~3 months spare.
(3) foliage dressing: after changing basin about 20 days, green fluorite dry measure used in former times pseudobulb extracts sprouting out, and the spray of vegetative growth phase elder generation blade face is high Nitrogen composite fertilizer 2 times sprays balance compound fertilizer 1 time, the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid 1 time again, and three alternately applies, and fertilising concentration is 0.1~ 0.2%, every 10d spray is primary, until terminal bud binds, plant height stops growing.Each component content of the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid is organic Matter 302g/L, organic carbon content 175g/L, fulvic acid content are 220g/L, and a great number of elements content is 254g/L, and total nitrogen (N) contains Amount is 135.7g/L, and phosphorus is (with P2O5Meter) content be 24.8g/L, potassium is (with K2O meter) content be 93.6g/L, micronutrient levels 4g/L, copper (Cu) content 0.2g/L, iron (Fe) content 0.7g/L, zinc (Zn) content 1.7g/L, boron (B) content 1.7g/L;Balance Compound fertilizer's N:P:K mass ratio is 20:20:20.
(4) root fertilizer: sheep dung being broken into pulverizer powdered, with plastic barrel or watt cylinder device, is added 0.1% KH2PO4In 2~March of solution soaking fermentation, amount of solution is to submerge sheep dung and be higher by plane 5cm.Ornamental dendrobium nobile enters reproductive stage, The sheep dung organic fertilizer fermented, every 1~2g of basin are spread fertilizer over the fields near plant root.
(5) daily to manage and protect: pre- with 800 times of 75% thiophanate methyl wettable powder liquid spray blade face 1 time after transplanting 3 days Disease prevention after growing sprouting, is prevented and treated according to insect pest situation specific aim.Major Pests prevention and treatment, snail control method are to use per acre 60% methaldehyde particle 600g spreads fertilizer over the fields cultivation area and surrounding;Aphid is sprayed with 10% imidacloprid wettable powder, 3000 times of liquid Plant;Scale insect sprays plant with 25% wettable powder with buprofezin, 1000 times of liquid;73% propargite missible oil 2000 of red spider Times liquid sprays plant.It is sprinkled profoundly water after transplanting 2 weeks, a backsight weather condition watering in month is watered 1 time for dry weather 2~3 days, yin It waters 1 time within it 5~7 days, the rainy day does not water.
(6) LED light source systematic science is managed and protected: with 0.72m2As basic unit, in each fundamental unit central distance stone Dry measure used in former times plant top 30~40cm eminence mounting lamp holder 2, each lamp holder install LED light source lamp bar 1, in vegetative growth phase, often Its 20:00 is irradiated light filling 4 hours to open LED light source to dendrobium plant to during 24:00.
Comparative example 2 is quoted for embodiment 2
The method of comparative example 2: green fluorite dry measure used in former times Post flowering plant does not apply the carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid and sheep dung organic fertilizer, only applies flat Weigh compound fertilizer, and using pine bark as cultivation matrix, other daily manage and protect carry out as usual.
Embodiment 2 is compared with comparative example 2, and the method for embodiment 2 is to nobile-type dendrobium --- the significant shadow of-green lustrous and transparent dendrobium plant generation It rings, the mouldy rate of matrix and plant susceptible gene are extremely low, robust plant, and pseudobulb stem thickness reaches 1.42cm, and sprouting number is more, spend larger, flower Number is extremely more, up to 28 or more, next year plant blossom rate height, and up to 95%, (being shown in Table 2).
Influence of the method for 2 embodiment 2 of table to green lustrous and transparent dendrobium plant rejuvenation
Above-described embodiment watches the rejuvenation method of dendrobium plant, and by the ornamental dendrobium nobile florescence, root relief changes basin in due course later, adopts It is matched with appropriate substrate and is carried out matrix and be effectively treated, by the carbon containing compound fertilizer of application liquid and sheep dung organic fertilizer, in addition science Fertilising configuration is managed and protected with daily, and the nutrient of plant consumption is replenished in time, and so that the plant after blooming is kept healthy and strong, pseudobulb slightly reaches 1.4cm or more, the amount of blooming is more, and flowering rate is high, and up to 95% or more, the mouldy rate of matrix and plant susceptible gene are low, creates for plant strain growth Good environmental condition has been made, the service life of seedling is extended, it is ensured that the long-term preservation of breeding parent material, to watch dendrobium nobile The new method that the sustainable development of industry provides.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiments being understood that.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant, which comprises the following steps:
(1) root relief changes basin;Annual 4~September changes basin to the ornamental dendrobium plant of Post flowering decline, root matrix is removed, by quality The old root to soften is wiped out from base portion, is impregnated plant 3~5 minutes with 75% Bravo wettable powder, 800 times of liquid, after draining away the water Plant in in the earthen basin of plant suitable size or breathable plastic basin.
(2) substrate preparation: being used as cultivation matrix using cobblestone, pine bark, sphagna, sheep dung mixing, matrix diameter for 1~ 5cm, length are 8~10cm, are matched as 3:3:3:1, it is ensured that root system is ventilative, and matrix keeps suitable moisture content, sustained release slow Nutrient.
(3) foliage dressing: after changing basin about 20 days, after watching dendrobium nobile pseudobulb extraction sprouting, vegetative growth phase foliage-spray liquid Carbon containing compound fertilizer and balance compound fertilizer, the two are alternately applied, and fertilising concentration is 0.1~0.2%, and every 10d spray is primary, until top Bud binds, and plant stops growing.The carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid and balance compound fertilizer contain organic carbon, organic matter, fulvic acid, great Liang Yuan The nutrients such as element, microelement are able to satisfy the demand of vegetative growth phase plant pair nutrient, keep pseudobulb sturdy, full, blade It is open and flat, rich in gloss, resistance increases.
(4) root fertilizer: sheep dung being broken into pulverizer powdered, and with plastic barrel or watt cylinder device, 0.1%KH is added2PO4It is molten 2~March of liquid soaking fermentation, amount of solution submergence sheep dung are simultaneously higher by plane 5cm.Ornamental dendrobium nobile enters reproductive stage, spreads fertilizer over the fields fermentation Good sheep dung organic fertilizer, every 1~2g of basin meet the period to the wilderness demand of P, K, organic matter, improve Flowering quality.
(5) daily to manage and protect: after transplanting 3 days, with 800 times of 75% thiophanate methyl wettable powder liquid spray blade face 1 time, pre- diseases prevention Evil after growing sprouting, is prevented and treated according to insect pest situation specific aim.It is sprinkled profoundly water after transplanting 2 weeks, a backsight weather condition watering in month, It waters 1 time within dry weather 2~3 days, 5~7 days cloudy days watered 1 time, and the rainy day does not water.
(6) LED light source systematic science is managed and protected: with 0.72m2As basic unit, in each fundamental unit central distance dendrobium plant Top 30~40cm eminence mounting lamp holder 2, each lamp holder install LED light source lamp bar 1, in vegetative growth phase, daily 20:00 To during 24:00, light filling is irradiated 4 hours to open LED light source to dendrobium plant.
2. the rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (1) changes basin, gas Temperature is 26~33 DEG C, is easy induction sprouting extraction;The ornamental dendrobium nobile plant height for changing basin is 12~30cm, and pseudobulb number is 3~5, Using earthen basin or a height of 8~10cm of plastic tub, bore is 9~12cm.
3. watching the rejuvenation method of dendrobium plant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that step (2) cultivation matrix, Cobblestone and pine bark diameter are 2~5cm, and sheep dung diameter is 1~1.5cm, and sphagna length is 8~10cm.Sheep dung It is stirred evenly with pine bark before use, being irrigated respectively with 800 times of liquid of 2000 times of liquid of 25g/L bromo fluoride chrysanthemum grease and potassium permanganate, Stack retting 2~3 months spare, hardened to reduce pest and disease damage and matrix, meets ornamental dendrobium nobile and grows needs, extends matrix and use year Limit.
4. the rejuvenation method of the ornamental dendrobium plant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (3) Fertilizing method, plant vegetative growth phase first spray high-nitrogen compound fertilizer twice, then spray that balance compound fertilizer is primary and liquid is carbon containing multiple Fertile primary, three alternately applies, to promote blade and pseudobulb fast-growth.
5. the rejuvenation method of the ornamental dendrobium plant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (4) The carbon containing compound fertilizer of liquid, each component content are organic matter 302g/L, organic carbon content 175g/L, and fulvic acid content is 220g/L, a great number of elements content are 254g/L, and total nitrogen (N) content is 135.7g/L, and phosphorus is (with P2O5Meter) content be 24.8g/L, potassium (with K2O meter) content be 93.6g/L, micronutrient levels 4g/L, copper (Cu) content 0.2g/L, iron (Fe) content 0.7g/L, zinc (Zn) content 1.7g/L, boron (B) content 1.7g/L;Flower the more high-nitrogen compound fertilizer N:P:K mass ratio is 30:10:10, is balanced compound Fertile N:P:K mass ratio is 20:20:20.
6. the rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the main worm of the step (5) Evil prevention and treatment, snail control method are to spread fertilizer over the fields cultivation area and surrounding with 60% methaldehyde particle 600g per acre;Aphid is with 10% 3000 times of liquid of imidacloprid wettable powder spray plant;Scale insect sprays plant with 25% wettable powder with buprofezin, 1000 times of liquid Strain;Red spider sprays plant with 73% propargite missible oil, 2000 times of liquid.
7. the rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the LED in the step (6) Light source lamp bar is red, blue, white light colour mixture lamp bar, and illuminance ratio is 7:1:1, wherein red wavelength is 630~660NM, blue light wave A length of 435~450NM, white light color temperature value 6500K, LED light source lamp bar photosynthetic photon flux density are 47.1umol/m2s。
CN201811296665.6A 2018-11-01 2018-11-01 A kind of rejuvenation method of ornamental dendrobium plant Pending CN109329023A (en)

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