CN109328921A - A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received - Google Patents

A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109328921A
CN109328921A CN201811320192.9A CN201811320192A CN109328921A CN 109328921 A CN109328921 A CN 109328921A CN 201811320192 A CN201811320192 A CN 201811320192A CN 109328921 A CN109328921 A CN 109328921A
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corn
soil
parts
days
transplanting
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CN201811320192.9A
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CN109328921B (en
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黄志君
叶云峰
付岗
唐红琴
潘连富
王克律
黎晓
陈良正
雷小丹
黄雪群
黄华军
禤品瑞
蒙庆水
陈惠金
陈丽娟
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Productivity Promotion Center Heng County
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M1/00Stationary means for catching or killing insects
    • A01M1/02Stationary means for catching or killing insects with devices or substances, e.g. food, pheronones attracting the insects
    • A01M1/04Attracting insects by using illumination or colours
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01MCATCHING, TRAPPING OR SCARING OF ANIMALS; APPARATUS FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF NOXIOUS ANIMALS OR NOXIOUS PLANTS
    • A01M1/00Stationary means for catching or killing insects
    • A01M1/20Poisoning, narcotising, or burning insects
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B13/00Fertilisers produced by pyrogenic processes from phosphatic materials
    • C05B13/02Fertilisers produced by pyrogenic processes from phosphatic materials from rock phosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • C05D1/02Manufacture from potassium chloride or sulfate or double or mixed salts thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F11/00Other organic fertilisers
    • C05F11/02Other organic fertilisers from peat, brown coal, and similar vegetable deposits
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F5/00Fertilisers from distillery wastes, molasses, vinasses, sugar plant or similar wastes or residues, e.g. from waste originating from industrial processing of raw material of agricultural origin or derived products thereof
    • C05F5/006Waste from chemical processing of material, e.g. diestillation, roasting, cooking
    • C05F5/008Waste from biochemical processing of material, e.g. fermentation, breweries
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers

Abstract

The planting of sweet corn method received the invention discloses a kind of 1 year three, this method be planted in 1 year three season corn and green manure of crop rotation, nursery is first carried out in seedlings nursing plate when planting corn, crop field is transplanted again, increasing sugar fertilizer is sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation, improve the sugar content of corn.The output capacity that soil improves soil had both rationally been utilized using method of the invention, soil is also improved by crop rotation, has alleviated the continuous cropping obstacle of soil, has realized land used and the tillage system reform combined of increasing soil fertility.

Description

A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop-planting technical field, specifically a kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received.
Background technique
Corn (Sweet corn) is one kind of corn, also known as vegetable corn, grass family, Zea.Corn is Europe One of main vegetables of developed countries such as beauty, South Korea and Japan.Due to it is with nutrition abundant, sweet tea, fresh, crisp, tender characteristic Deeply by each stratum consumers.Corn is suitble to eat it raw, and green stick stage thin skin, juice is more, matter is crisp and sweet tea, can directly eat it raw, thin For thin epidermis once stinging brokenly, the juice of faint scent overflows tooth cheek, eat it raw it is ripe eat all special sweet tea, especially crisp, as fruit, therefore Referred to as " fruit corn ".Fruit corn has a large amount in variety, and all has very high nutritive value.By institute's band recessive gene Type is different, but be divided into common corn (gene Sh1), super-sweet corn (gene Sh2) and reinforcement corn (gene Su, Se etc.).Super-sweet corn is planted extensively since sugar content is high, suitable collection period is long.The research of German nutrition and health care association Show in all staple foods, the nutritive value and health-care effect highest of corn.Corn contains 7 kinds " anatrophics ", they distinguish It is: calcium, glutathione, vitamin, magnesium, selenium, vitamin E and fatty acid.By the measurement of expert, every hectogram corn can be provided closely 300 milligrams of calcium, almost similar with calcium contained in dairy products, the effect of calcium abundant can play blood pressure lowering.Meanwhile sweet tea Carrotene contained in corn is converted into vitamin A after being absorbed by the body, and has protective effect on cancer risk;Plant cellulose can accelerate The discharge of carcinogen and other poisonous substances, lutern, zeaxanthin are conducive to delay eyes aging.In addition, corn also has Medical care effect can reduce the cholesterol in blood because it contains multivitamin and minerals, contains unsaturated fatty acid Soften blood vessel and prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease.
Hengxian County is located at Southeast of Guangxi, and traffic convenience belongs to south subtropics weather, sunny, abundant rainfall, weather Warm, soil is fertile, most preferably plants corn.Heng County with all famous Guangxi or even the whole nation of " most fragrant, most sweet tea ", it is fragrant just It is Jasmine, sweet tea is exactly corn.Heng County corn is full of nutrition, mouthfeel sweet tea crisp and fragrant is tender, can prepared food can eat raw, belong to fruit type Vegetables are the indispensable healthy food of the mankind.Currently, Heng County corn has become another Heng County after the Jasmine of Heng County Local business card.One multi-form agriculture pillar industry of Heng County is had become, Southwestern China area maximum corn production and processing base is become County.Corn is produced as Heng County increasing peasant income, new approach, new highlight have been walked out in new countryside construction, agricultural restructuring, becomes wide The strong industry of western " one product of a county ".
But it is nowadays, equal from soil selection, environmental selection, fertilising and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control in the planting process of corn It is operated without unified standardization, fertilizer more options can promote its fast-growth but have the chemical fertilizer of larger harm, disease pest to human body Chemical prevention is also mostly used during evil prevention and treatment, by the erosion for avoiding insect pest to corn of spraying insecticide, several years continuous cropping makes soil Hardened serious, pest and disease damage is spread unchecked.Soil the more is planted the more malicious, and corn yield is lower and lower, and noxious material is exceeded in corn, quality day Benefit decline.How a kind of organic planting of sweet corn method of green is provided, and excludes continuous cropping obstacle and has become corn kind Plant urgent problem.
Summary of the invention
The planting of sweet corn method received the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of 1 year three, this method may be implemented to harvest for 1 year Three season corn and green manure of crop rotation, the output capacity that soil improves soil had both rationally been utilized, had been also improved by crop rotation Soil alleviates the continuous cropping obstacle of soil, realizes land used and the tillage system reform combined of increasing soil fertility.
A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received, comprising the following steps:
(1) annual to select the seed of super-sweet corn by the end of February, one evening of seed first is impregnated with 25-30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly The kind grain for emitting bud eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds small arch after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged above it Canopy covers plastic film and keeps warm, and controls temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15-20 days;
(2) mid-March carries out site preparation to crop field when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, and deep plough 30-40cm, will be on crop field Green manure, which is ploughed deeply, buries and applies 100-120kg/ mus of base manure, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 85-95cm, small line-spacing 58- 62cm, spacing in the rows 28-32cm;It is killed in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3-5 days for transplanting Worm sterilizing, when transplanting, every cave planted 2-3 plant maize seedlings, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and covered glazing on milpa and drop Solve weed removal mulch film;According to 20-25 mus of every installation solar insect-killing lights, is fixed here for a long time after installation and carry out daily maintenance And maintenance;
(3) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400-600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
First season corn is harvested at the beginning of (4) 7 months, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, and deep plough 30-40cm, applies base manure 80-100kg/ mus, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together;
(5) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-June, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25-30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting The kind grain of bud eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, Plastic film or puggaree are covered, temperature is controlled between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15-20 days;
(6) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 85-95cm, small line-spacing 58-62cm, strain Away from 28-32cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3-5 days for transplanting, Every cave plants 2-3 plants of maize seedlings when transplanting, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and on milpa with covering upper light degradation weeding Film;
(7) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400-600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
At the beginning of (8) 10 months, second season corn is harvested, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 30-40cm, applies base It is 80-100kg/ mus fertile, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together, sprinkle pulverized limestone, 30- in soil surface 40kg/ mus, shine soil 3-5 days;
(9) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-September, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25-30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting The kind grain of bud eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, Plastic film or puggaree are covered, temperature is controlled between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15-20 days;
(10) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 85-95cm, small line-spacing 58-62cm, strain Away from 28-32cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3-5 days for transplanting, Every cave plants 2-3 plants of maize seedlings when transplanting, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and on milpa with covering upper light degradation weeding Film;
(11) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400-600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
(12) it harvests the third quarter corn mid-January next year, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 25-35cm, Apply base manure 60-80kg/ mu, and will cornstalk leaf crush after placed into the soil together with base manure;
(13) seed that green manure is sprinkled on soil carries out water spray to soil with plant protection drone until ground moistening, covers Bright plastic film heat preservation, when green manure grows ground 1-2cm, plastic film is removed, green manure is allowed to grow naturally.
The seedling medium by decomposed cow dung, rice husk, fertile soil and river sand with volume ratio 2: 1: 2:1 mix after through quality The disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate that concentration is 0.5% sterilizes to obtain.
The base manure is made of following parts by weight raw material: 60-100 parts of well-rotted farmyard manure, 20-30 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, beans 20-30 parts of the dregs of rice, 30-60 parts of plant ash, 5-10 parts of lambda-cyhalothrin, 4-8 parts of flaccid knotweed herb powder, 10-15 parts of composite microbial bacteria, 3-10 parts of selenium-amino acid chelate;The composite microbial bacteria is by photosynthetic bacteria, lactobacillus, yeast flora, actinomycete group, filiform Flora, bacillus subtilis, bafillus natto, bacillus licheniformis, clostridium butyricum, lactic acid bacillus are with weight Amount is mixed to get than 1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1.
The increasing sugar fertilizer is made of following parts by weight raw material: 20-30 parts of stevia rebaudiana water extract, molasses waste liquid 8-15 Part, 3-8 parts of fructus lycii water extract, 10-15 parts of matrine, 5-10 parts of chilli powder, 5-8 parts of potassium sulfate, 20-30 parts of potassium humate With 900-1000 parts of water.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention be planted in 1 year three season corn, then green manure of crop rotation had both rationally been utilized soil and improved soil Output capacity, soil is also improved by crop rotation, alleviates the continuous cropping obstacle of soil, realizes land used and the farming mould combined of increasing soil fertility Formula.All it is that nursery is first carried out using seedlings nursing plate when planting corn, then transplants crop field again;Using seedlings nursing plate nursery, do not have to Site preparation makees Seedlings nursery, has saved labour, and the cultivation time in crop field is not take up during nursery, and suitable kind can be packed on seedlings nursing plate The nutrient matrix of sub- germinating growth provides sufficient nutrition for the germinating growth of seed, and utilization of nutrients is higher, and uses Seedlings nursing plate adds the nursery mode of Small plastic shed, manages more convenient, the damage of root when transplanting is easy to also reduce transplanting.The present invention Seed is pre-processed before breeding, oligospermous virus can be subtracted to the seed sterilization that carries out disinfection, cultivate detoxification Seedling improves the diseases and insect pests resistance of seedling;Vernalization pretreatment is carried out to seed, the speed of germination of seed can be accelerated, mentioned High-incidence bud rate saves seed.
The method that the present invention transplants corn again using first nursery, the seedling of corn is strongr, and bud ratio is more Height, decrease field be short of seedling disconnected ridge the phenomenon that, increase per mu yield.Meadow is removed to planting site covering light degradation after transplanting crop field Film, it is suppressed that the weeds of planting site reduce the number of annual weeding, save a large amount of labour;Cover light degradation weeding Mulch also helps the moisture content for keeping soil, reduces evaporation and the irrigation times of moisture.
The present invention before planting site preparation when base manure has been applied to soil, increase the fertility of soil, base manure used includes Machine fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer, vegetation and pesticide, composite microbial bacteria and selenium element.Well-rotted farmyard manure can be effectively improved soil, improve soil The loose air permeability of earth;Potassium element needed for plant ash can alleviate soil acidification and also can provide crop;Calcium magnesium phosphate can expire Calcium and magnesium P elements needed for sufficient plant growth;Dregs of beans was not only quick-acting but also without side-effects rich in N P and K;Lambda-cyhalothrin goes out for desinsection Microbial inoculum can effectively prevent subterranean pest-insect, have the characteristics that Pesticidal and sterilizing wide spectrum, efficient, speed is fast, the lasting period is long;Flaccid knotweed herb Also there is stronger bactericidal effect;Composite microbial bacteria can improve soil, activation nutrient, improve plant recovery of nutrient;Amino acid chela Closing selenium then can be improved the amino acid and selenium element content of crop, and amino acid can promote the absorption of selenium element.Corn stalk leaf powder During returning to the field is placed into the soil together with base manure after broken, after microbial bacterial agent ferments, soil organism ingredient and raising can be increased Soil fertility;Green manuring culture fertility improves soil nutrient, improves soil rationality mechanism and crumb structure, enhances retain water and nutrients energy Power reduces the degree of salinity of soil.
The present invention sprays increasing sugar fertilizer to corn, can effectively improve the sugariness of corn.STEVIA REBAUDIANA contains steviol glycoside, sugariness Height, heat are low, also containing minerals such as a certain amount of calcium and magnesium;Molasses waste liquid is the by-product of sugar production process, is still contained There is higher sugar;Fructus lycii is rich in polysaccharides, also containing carrotene, riboflavin and vitamin and a variety of amino acid etc.;It is bitter Joining alkali and chilli powder has very strong Pesticidal and sterilizing effect;Potassium sulfate and potassium humate can provide a large amount of potassium element to corn, The travelling speed for improving plant endotrophic ingredient, accumulates nutriment quickly in niblet.Solar insect-killing light It can be effectively reduced phototaxis pest, good bug eliminating effect and have no toxic side effect.This present invention is main for the prevention and treatment of pest and disease damage It is the disease resistance by improving plant, is carried out using the mode of deinsectization lamp or spray on plants source antiseptic sterilization agent, reductionization The use of fertilizer and pesticide is learned, obtained corn is more green and healthy, also avoids the product of poisonous and harmful substance in the soil It is tired.
Specific embodiment
For the more detailed introduction present invention, below with reference to embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received, comprising the following steps:
(1) annual to select the seed of super-sweet corn by the end of February, it is late that seed one first is impregnated with 28 DEG C of warm water, and second day slightly emitting bud The kind grain of eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged above it, is covered Upper plastic film is warming, controls temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 18 days;
(2) mid-March carries out site preparation to crop field when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, and deep plough 30-40cm, will be on crop field Green manure, which is ploughed deeply, buries and applies 110kg/ mus of base manure, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 90cm, small line-spacing 60cm, spacing in the rows 30cm; Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 4 days for transplanting, when transplanting, every cave planted 2 plants of maize seedlings, are disposably watered with root water after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;It is every according to 22 mu Small cup installation solar insect-killing light, fixes here for a long time after installation and carries out daily maintenance and maintenance;
(3) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 500L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
First season corn is harvested at the beginning of (4) 7 months, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, and deep plough 30-40cm, applies base manure 90kg/ mus, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together;
(5) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-June, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 28 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting bud eye Kind grain equipped with seedling medium seedlings nursing plate in sow, build Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, cover Plastic film or puggaree control temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivate 18 days;
(6) it when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 90cm, small line-spacing 60cm, spacing in the rows 30cm; Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 4 days for transplanting, when transplanting, every cave planted 2-3 plants of maize seedlings, are disposably watered with root water after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;
(7) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 500L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
At the beginning of (8) 10 months, second season corn is harvested, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 30-40cm, applies base It is 90kg/ mus fertile, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together, sprinkle pulverized limestone, 35kg/ in soil surface Mu, shines soil 4 days;
(9) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-September, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 28 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting bud eye Kind grain equipped with seedling medium seedlings nursing plate in sow, build Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, cover Plastic film or puggaree control temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivate 18 days;
(10) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 90cm, small line-spacing 60cm, spacing in the rows 30cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 4 days for transplanting, when transplanting Every cave plants 2 plants of maize seedlings, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;
(11) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 500L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
(12) it harvests the third quarter corn mid-January next year, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 25-35cm, Apply base manure 70kg/ mu, and will cornstalk leaf crush after placed into the soil together with base manure;
(13) seed that green manure is sprinkled on soil carries out water spray to soil with plant protection drone until ground moistening, covers Bright plastic film heat preservation, when green manure grows ground 1-2cm, plastic film is removed, green manure is allowed to grow naturally.The green manure It can be Chinese milk vetch, semen viciae fabae, rattail fescue grass, sweet potato, one of eat dish.
The seedling medium by decomposed cow dung, rice husk, fertile soil and river sand with volume ratio 2: 1: 2:1 mix after through matter The disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate that amount concentration is 0.5% sterilizes to obtain.
The base manure is made of following parts by weight raw material: 80 parts of well-rotted farmyard manure, 25 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 25 parts of dregs of beans, 45 parts of plant ash, 8 parts of lambda-cyhalothrin, 6 parts of flaccid knotweed herb powder, 12 parts of composite microbial bacteria, 8 parts of selenium-amino acid chelate;It is described Composite microbial bacteria is by photosynthetic bacteria, lactobacillus, yeast flora, actinomycete group, Filamentous flora, bacillus subtilis, natto Bacillus, bacillus licheniformis, clostridium butyricum, lactic acid bacillus are with weight ratio 1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1: 1 is mixed to get.
The increasing sugar fertilizer forms 25 parts of stevia rebaudiana water extract, 12 parts of molasses waste liquid, fructus lycii by following parts by weight raw material 5 parts of sub- water extract, 12 parts of matrine, 8 parts of chilli powder, 6 parts of potassium sulfate, 25 parts of potassium humate and 950 parts of water.
Institute's embodiment 2
A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received, comprising the following steps:
(1) annual to select the seed of super-sweet corn by the end of February, it is late that seed one first is impregnated with 25 DEG C of warm water, and second day slightly emitting bud The kind grain of eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged above it, is covered Upper plastic film is warming, controls temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 20 days;
(2) mid-March carries out site preparation to crop field when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, and deep plough 30-40cm, will be on crop field Green manure, which is ploughed deeply, buries and applies 100kg/ mus of base manure, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 95cm, small line-spacing 62cm, spacing in the rows 32cm; Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3 days for transplanting, when transplanting, every cave planted 3 plants of maize seedlings, are disposably watered with root water after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;It is every according to 25 mu Small cup installation solar insect-killing light, fixes here for a long time after installation and carries out daily maintenance and maintenance;
(3) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
First season corn is harvested at the beginning of (4) 7 months, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, and deep plough 30-40cm, applies base manure 80kg/ mus, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together;
(5) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-June, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting bud eye Kind grain equipped with seedling medium seedlings nursing plate in sow, build Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, cover Plastic film or puggaree control temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivate 15 days;
(6) it when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 85cm, small line-spacing 58cm, spacing in the rows 28cm; Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3 days for transplanting, when transplanting, every cave planted 2 plants of maize seedlings, are disposably watered with root water after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;
(7) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
At the beginning of (8) 10 months, second season corn is harvested, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 30-40cm, applies base It is 80kg/ mus fertile, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together, sprinkle pulverized limestone, 30kg/ in soil surface Mu, shines soil 3 days;
(9) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-September, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting bud eye Kind grain equipped with seedling medium seedlings nursing plate in sow, build Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, cover Plastic film or puggaree control temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivate 20 days;
(10) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 95cm, small line-spacing 62cm, spacing in the rows 32cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3 days for transplanting, when transplanting Every cave plants 3 plants of maize seedlings, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;
(11) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
(12) it harvests the third quarter corn mid-January next year, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 25-35cm, Apply base manure 60kg/ mu, and will cornstalk leaf crush after placed into the soil together with base manure;
(13) seed that green manure is sprinkled on soil carries out water spray to soil with plant protection drone until ground moistening, covers Bright plastic film heat preservation, when green manure grows ground 1-2cm, plastic film is removed, green manure is allowed to grow naturally.The green manure It can be Chinese milk vetch, semen viciae fabae, rattail fescue grass, sweet potato, one of eat dish.
The seedling medium by decomposed cow dung, rice husk, fertile soil and river sand with volume ratio 2: 1: 2:1 mix after through quality The disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate that concentration is 0.5% sterilizes to obtain.
The base manure is made of following parts by weight raw material: 100 parts of well-rotted farmyard manure, 30 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 30 parts of dregs of beans, 60 parts of plant ash, 10 parts of lambda-cyhalothrin, 8 parts of flaccid knotweed herb powder, 15 parts of composite microbial bacteria, 10 parts of selenium-amino acid chelate;Institute State composite microbial bacteria by photosynthetic bacteria, lactobacillus, yeast flora, actinomycete group, Filamentous flora, bacillus subtilis, receive Beans bacillus, bacillus licheniformis, clostridium butyricum, lactic acid bacillus are with weight ratio 1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1: 1:1 is mixed to get.
The increasing sugar fertilizer is made of following parts by weight raw material: 20 parts of stevia rebaudiana water extract, 8 parts of molasses waste liquid, fructus lycii 3 parts of sub- water extract, 10 parts of matrine, 10 parts of chilli powder, 5 parts of potassium sulfate, 20 parts of potassium humate and 900 parts of water.
Embodiment 3
A kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received, comprising the following steps:
(1) annual to select the seed of super-sweet corn by the end of February, it is late that seed one first is impregnated with 30 DEG C of warm water, and second day slightly emitting bud The kind grain of eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged above it, is covered Upper plastic film is warming, controls temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15 days;
(2) mid-March carries out site preparation to crop field when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, and deep plough 30-40cm, will be on crop field Green manure, which is ploughed deeply, buries and applies 120kg/ mus of base manure, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 85cm, small line-spacing 58cm, spacing in the rows 28cm; Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 5 days for transplanting, when transplanting, every cave planted 2 plants of maize seedlings, are disposably watered with root water after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;It is every according to 20 mu Small cup installation solar insect-killing light, fixes here for a long time after installation and carries out daily maintenance and maintenance;
(3) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
First season corn is harvested at the beginning of (4) 7 months, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, and deep plough 30-40cm, applies base manure 100kg/ mus, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together;
(5) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-June, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting bud eye Kind grain equipped with seedling medium seedlings nursing plate in sow, build Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, cover Plastic film or puggaree control temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivate 120 days;
(6) it when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 95cm, small line-spacing 62cm, spacing in the rows 32cm; Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 5 days for transplanting, when transplanting, every cave planted 3 plants of maize seedlings, are disposably watered with root water after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;
(7) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
At the beginning of (8) 10 months, second season corn is harvested, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 30-40cm, applies base It is 100kg/ mus fertile, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together, sprinkle pulverized limestone, 40kg/ in soil surface Mu, shines soil 5 days;
(9) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-September, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting bud eye Kind grain equipped with seedling medium seedlings nursing plate in sow, build Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, cover Plastic film or puggaree control temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivate 15 days;
(10) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 85cm, small line-spacing 58cm, spacing in the rows 28cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 5 days for transplanting, when transplanting Every cave plants 2 plants of maize seedlings, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and upper photodegradative herbicidal plastic film is covered on milpa;
(11) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
(12) it harvests the third quarter corn mid-January next year, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 25-35cm, Apply base manure 80kg/ mu, and will cornstalk leaf crush after placed into the soil together with base manure;
(13) seed that green manure is sprinkled on soil carries out water spray to soil with plant protection drone until ground moistening, covers Bright plastic film heat preservation, when green manure grows ground 1-2cm, plastic film is removed, green manure is allowed to grow naturally.The green manure It can be Chinese milk vetch, semen viciae fabae, rattail fescue grass, sweet potato, one of eat dish.
The seedling medium by decomposed cow dung, rice husk, fertile soil and river sand with volume ratio 2: 1: 2:1 mix after through quality The disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate that concentration is 0.5% sterilizes to obtain.
The base manure is made of following parts by weight raw material: 60 parts of well-rotted farmyard manure, 20 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 30 parts of plant ash, 5 parts of lambda-cyhalothrin, 4 parts of flaccid knotweed herb powder, 10 parts of composite microbial bacteria, 3 parts of selenium-amino acid chelate;It is described Composite microbial bacteria is by photosynthetic bacteria, lactobacillus, yeast flora, actinomycete group, Filamentous flora, bacillus subtilis, natto Bacillus, bacillus licheniformis, clostridium butyricum, lactic acid bacillus are with weight ratio 1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1: 1 is mixed to get.
The increasing sugar fertilizer is made of following parts by weight raw material: 30 parts of stevia rebaudiana water extract, 15 parts of molasses waste liquid, fructus lycii 8 parts of sub- water extract, 15 parts of matrine, 5 parts of chilli powder, 8 parts of potassium sulfate, 30 parts of potassium humate and 1000 parts of water.
This was respectively adopted in the Hengxian County town Jiao Yi in 2017 in effect in order to better illustrate the present invention, the applicant The embodiment 1 of invention, 2,3 kind planted 3 mu of corns, plant 3 season corn yield and pol average value it is as follows:
The every season per mu yield of local corn in 2017 is 1400kg according to statistics, and soluble sugar average content is about 12.2g/ 100mL, it is seen then that implantation methods of the invention are used, corn every season per mu yield is all more much higher than local every season per mu yield, The pol of corn is also higher, and more favourable on the market and selling price is higher.Corn is planted using method of the invention The corn strong industry of Heng County can be promoted fast-developing well.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received, which is characterized in that the described method comprises the following steps:
(1) annual to select the seed of super-sweet corn by the end of February, one evening of seed first is impregnated with 25-30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly The kind grain for emitting bud eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds small arch after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged above it Canopy covers plastic film and keeps warm, and controls temperature between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15-20 days;
(2) mid-March carries out site preparation to crop field when maize seedling length to 3-4 true leaves, and deep plough 30-40cm, will be on crop field Green manure, which is ploughed deeply, buries and applies 100-120kg/ mus of base manure, is cultivated using size row, wide row space 85-95cm, small line-spacing 58- 62cm, spacing in the rows 28-32cm;It is killed in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3-5 days for transplanting Worm sterilizing, when transplanting, every cave planted 2-3 plant maize seedlings, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and covered glazing on milpa and drop Solve weed removal mulch film;According to 20-25 mus of every installation solar insect-killing lights, is fixed here for a long time after installation and carry out daily maintenance And maintenance;
(3) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400-600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
First season corn is harvested at the beginning of (4) 7 months, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, and deep plough 30-40cm, applies base manure 80-100kg/ mus, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together;
(5) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-June, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25-30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting The kind grain of bud eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, Plastic film or puggaree are covered, temperature is controlled between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15-20 days;
(6) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 85-95cm, small line-spacing 58-62cm, strain Away from 28-32cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3-5 days for transplanting, Every cave plants 2-3 plants of maize seedlings when transplanting, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and on milpa with covering upper light degradation weeding Film;
(7) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400-600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
At the beginning of (8) 10 months, second season corn is harvested, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 30-40cm, applies base It is 80-100kg/ mus fertile, and will cornstalk leaf crush after and during base manure places into the soil together, sprinkle pulverized limestone, 30- in soil surface 40kg/ mus, shine soil 3-5 days;
(9) it selects the seed of super-sweet corn mid-September, is first impregnated one evening of seed with 25-30 DEG C of warm water, second day slightly emitting The kind grain of bud eye is sowed in the seedlings nursing plate equipped with seedling medium, builds Small plastic shed above it after seedlings nursing plate is neatly arranged, Plastic film or puggaree are covered, temperature is controlled between 24-28 DEG C, cultivates 15-20 days;
(10) when maize seedling it is long to 3-4 true leaves when, cultivated using size row, wide row space 85-95cm, small line-spacing 58-62cm, strain Away from 28-32cm;Pesticidal and sterilizing is carried out in first being sprayed with 1000 times of dilutions of 10% imidacloprid to maize seedling for first 3-5 days for transplanting, Every cave plants 2-3 plants of maize seedlings when transplanting, and root water is disposably watered with after transplanting, and on milpa with covering upper light degradation weeding Film;
(11) increasing sugar fertilizer, mu dosage 400-600L are sprayed with plant protection drone within 50 days and 65 days after corn transplanting plantation;
(12) it harvests the third quarter corn mid-January next year, site preparation is carried out to soil at once after harvesting corn, deep plough 25-35cm, Apply base manure 60-80kg/ mu, and will cornstalk leaf crush after placed into the soil together with base manure;
(13) seed that green manure is sprinkled on soil carries out water spray to soil with plant protection drone until ground moistening, covers Bright plastic film heat preservation, when green manure grows ground 1-2cm, plastic film is removed, green manure is allowed to grow naturally.
2. the 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the seedling medium is by decomposed Cow dung, rice husk, fertile soil and river sand disappear after being mixed with volume ratio 2: 1: 2:1 through the liquor potassic permanganate that mass concentration is 0.5% Poison sterilizing obtains.
3. the 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the base manure is by following weight Number raw material composition: 60-100 parts of well-rotted farmyard manure, 20-30 parts of calcium magnesium phosphate, 20-30 parts of dregs of beans, 30-60 parts of plant ash, chlorine 5-10 parts of flucythrinate, 4-8 parts of flaccid knotweed herb powder, 10-15 parts of composite microbial bacteria, 3-10 parts of selenium-amino acid chelate;It is described multiple Microbial bacteria is closed by photosynthetic bacteria, lactobacillus, yeast flora, actinomycete group, Filamentous flora, bacillus subtilis, natto bud Spore bacillus, bacillus licheniformis, clostridium butyricum, lactic acid bacillus are with weight ratio 1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1:1 It is mixed to get.
4. the 1 year three planting of sweet corn method received according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the increasing sugar fertilizer is by following heavy Measure number raw material composition: 20-30 parts of stevia rebaudiana water extract, 8-15 parts of molasses waste liquid, 3-8 parts of fructus lycii water extract, kuh-seng 10-15 parts of alkali, 5-10 parts of chilli powder, 5-8 parts of potassium sulfate, 20-30 parts of potassium humate and 900-1000 parts of water.
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