A kind of waste textile processing unit
The invention belongs to pulverizer technical fields, more particularly, to a kind of waste textile processing unit.
For the waste textile that China generates every year according to statistics at 26,000,000 tons or so, this is very valuable society's money
How source is preferably recycled waste textile again for promotion circular economy, building a conservation-minded society has
Waste textile recycling and reusing method has:
Zero level recycling: the waste textile recycled, it is cleaned, repair after sell into second-hand garment market, to flow
Enter rural area or remote districts.
Primary recycling: for waste material, waste silk and the not used leftover pieces generated in production, these waste materials are relatively clean,
Often it is mixed with new material in order to improve the performance of this kind of waste material, new textile material is made.
Energy regenerating: heat is converted by burning by the higher chemical fibre of calorific value in waste textile, is used for firepower
The recycling and reusing of power generation.
Physiochemical mutagens: textile is decomposed or crushed with mechanical-assisted, the chemical structure of polyester is not destroyed, does not change its group
At being processed by being collected, being classified, purified, dried, being added necessary additive, be then reused for weaving
The production of product.
Chemical recovery: using chemical method by material degradation in waste textile or decomposition, regrouping into macromolecule, and
Preparing regenerated fiber, or utilize catabolite small molecule for non-woven material purposes.
Physiochemical mutagens are mostly used greatly now, and to waste textile pulverization process, but waste and old textile is in the mistake used
Cheng Zhong, most foreign matters containing the rigidity such as button need again manually different to solid after separating to waste textile
Object is separated, which causes the large labor intensity of worker, low separation efficiency, and cost increases.
Summary of the invention
The present invention for overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide one kind be automatically separated foreign matter and crush and separation can simultaneously into
Capable waste textile processing unit.
To achieve the goals above, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of waste textile processing unit includes powder
Broken case, feeding mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, sorting mechanism and recovering mechanism, the disintegrating mechanism include two in crush box
The driving part of intermeshing pulverization roller and driving pulverization roller rotation, the sorting mechanism are set to below pulverization roller, screening machine
Structure includes air separating part, the partition component for separating textile and the collection assembly for collecting textile.The present invention passes through
Air separating part is by the textile for crushing complete textile, being connected with foreign matter in smashed textile and crushes incomplete spinning
Fabric, foreign matter blow off the different location in partition component, crush complete textile and are directly recycled by collection assembly, are crushed not
Complete textile and the textile for being connected with foreign matter carry out crushing recycling again, and foreign matter and textile are kept completely separate,
The rigid solid foreign matter of the overwhelming majority and textile can be carried out convenient for the processing of waste textile subsequent recovery, during being somebody's turn to do automatic
Separation, substantially without manually being operated again after separation is completed, which raises whole separative efficiencies, reduce artificial behaviour
The intensity of work has the advantages that work efficiency is high.
Further, the partition component includes set on the first baffle crushed on chamber interior wall, on crushing chamber interior wall
Second baffle, the first partition being vertical on first baffle, the second partition being vertical on second baffle and it is fixed on
Third partition on two baffles, the first partition are equipped with the first bending section and the second bending section, and first bending section is by the
One partition upper end is bent outwardly to be formed, and second bending section is bent downwardly to form by the first bending section, the second partition shape
Shape is identical with first partition；Three spaces can be separated out by the cooperation of three partitions and two baffles, for separation to be isolated
Material out prevents from mixing again, influences disintegrate-quality；The first bending section, which is arranged, can prevent smashed waste textile from hanging
On the first and second partitions, the second bending section of setting can both increase recycling range, prevent not completely crushed waste and old weaving
Product are directly collected, and the second bending section of setting, which can also make to fall in the waste textile on partition, to be slid on splicing plate.
Further, the feeding mechanism include feeder, set on feeder one end feeding port, be set to the feeder other end
Feed opening, for by material from feeding port transport to feed opening screw rod and driving screw rod rotate the first driving group
Part；Waste textile can be uniformly transported to feed opening by the screw rod of rotation, reach uniform blanking, in case blanking is uneven
Keep pulverization roller stuck.
Further, the recovering mechanism includes second that splicing plate, driving splicing plate of the inclination in crush box are shaken
Driving assembly, the discharge port set on crushing box side wall, the recycling plate of one end connection discharge port, the pushing material component in recycling plate
And the transport assembly of connection recycling plate and feeding port；Incomplete waste and old weaving can will be crushed by the splicing plate being obliquely installed
Product and the waste textile for being connected with foreign matter are transported to recycling plate, then can transport it into feeding by pushing material component and transport assembly
Cylinder carries out secondary operation, so that waste textile is crushed completely and is separated completely, processes convenient for subsequent recovery.
Further, second driving assembly include cam below the splicing plate, driving cam rotation actuator,
The link block that is fixed on splicing plate is fixed on the fixed plate for crushing chamber interior wall and the elastic component for being connected and fixed plate and link block；
Splicing plate can be made to teetertotter by cam and elastic component, allow the material on splicing plate to slide into recycling plate, to prevent object
Material is deposited on splicing plate.
Further, the cam and splicing plate contact one end equipped with ball, and the splicing plate is equipped with to be matched with ball
Groove；It ball and groove are set both can reduce frictional force between cam and splicing plate to reduce the abrasion of cam, can also make
It is more steady when cam promotion splicing plate, increase the service life of device.
Further, the pushing material component includes turntable in recycling plate, the uniformly fixed link on the turntable, removable
Unload the fixation member of the material brush, fixed material brush that are connected in fixed link and the driving part of driving turntable rotation, the fixed link
Internal hollow out；The rotation of material brush is driven by rotation turntable, can prevent material accumulation from recycling with material brush to transport assembly
Further, the fixation member includes the second groove being set in fixed link, the locking bar matched with groove and institute
State the connected pressing lever of locking bar and second elastic component that is connected with the pressing lever；Material brush can be made from admittedly by controlling pressing lever
It is detached from fixed pole, is conveniently replaceable material brush.
Further, the cleaning assembly for clearing up material brush is equipped in the recycling plate, the cleaning assembly includes being connected
In recycling plate inner wall the first connecting plate, be movably connected on the first connecting plate fixed block, be fixed on fixed block first
Cleaner plate, the second cleaner plate being fixed on fixed block and the pressing component for pressing the first cleaner plate；Two cleanings are set
Plate can repeatedly clear up bristle, and cleaning effect is more preferable, and two cleaner plate cleanup areas are different, can prevent cleaner plate
Primary cleaning is excessive and cleaner plate is caused to block.
Further, the pressing component includes the pressing plate for being equipped with threaded hole, third elastic component, is set to third elastic component one end
It is bolted in the first spring anchor block of pressing plate, connected set on the second spring fixed block of the third elastic component other end, set on first
For inner cavity, the 4th elastic component and the ball-type pushing block of the insertion of second spring fixed block, described 4th elastic component one end and second in plate
Connecting plate is connected, and the other end is contacted with ball-type pushing block, and the ball-type pushing block is set to the inner cavity and contacts with the second fixed block；?
During clearing up material brush, under the thrust of material brush, cleaner plate can move up through pressing plate and squeeze third elasticity
Part, the compression of third elastic component will push cleaner plate to a certain extent and move down suddenly, so that being blocked in the material in cleaner plate
It falls off, in order to avoid influence the cleaning effect of cleaner plate.
Further, first connecting plate is equipped with the first extension, and the fixed block is equipped with to be connected with the first extension hinge
The second extension connect, second extension are equipped with the convex object of ball-type, and first extension is equipped with and matches with the convex object of ball-type
Third groove；By the cooperation of third groove and the convex object of ball-type, the slewing area of cleaner plate can be limited, in case cleaner plate turns
Dynamic amplitude is excessive, prevent cleaner plate and material brush are from contacting.
In conclusion the present invention can by air separating part by smashed textile the complete textile of crushing,
The textile and the incomplete textile of crushing, foreign matter that are connected with foreign matter blow off the different location in partition component, crush complete
Textile is directly recycled by collection assembly, is crushed incomplete textile and is crushed back again with the textile progress for being connected with foreign matter
It receives, foreign matter and textile is kept completely separate, handled convenient for waste textile subsequent recovery.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of C in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the cooperation figure of cleaner plate of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing at the A of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing at the B of Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is the installation diagram of material brush and fixed link of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of first partition of the present invention.
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the present invention program, below in conjunction in the embodiment of the present invention
Attached drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is clearly and completely described.
As shown in figs. 1-7, a kind of waste textile processing unit, including crush box 1, feeding mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, screening
Mechanism and recovering mechanism, the feeding mechanism include feeder 20, feeding port 21, screw rod 22, feed opening 23 and driving spiral
The first driving assembly 28 that bar 22 rotates, the feeding port 21 are set on the upper left opening of feeder, the feeding port and hopper
29 are connected, and the screw rod 22 is rotatablely connected by bearing and feeder 20, and first driving assembly includes in the market may be used
With the conventional motor of purchase and the axis for being fixed on motor output end, the axis and 22 left end of screw rod are connected, and then pass through motor
Screw rod 22 can be driven to rotate, the material entered from feeding port 21 is transported uniformly to feed opening and be discharged.
The disintegrating mechanism includes the driving part of 31, two pulverization rollers 32 of feed inlet and driving pulverization roller rotation, described
Feed inlet 31 is opened in the top of crush box 1, and feed inlet 31 is inside pipeline crush box by being connected, described two pulverization rollers 32
It can be intermeshed, and the position of engagement is in immediately below feed inlet 31, the driving part includes driving shaft, driven shaft and motor,
Described driving shaft one end and pulverization roller are connected, and the output end of the other end and motor is connected, and described driven shaft one end and pulverization roller are solid
Even, the other end and crushing chamber interior wall rotation connection, the motor is the conventional motor that can be bought in the market, passes through the electricity of rotation
Machine can drive pulverization roller to rotate, and then the waste textile fallen from feed inlet 31 is crushed.
The sorting mechanism includes air separating part, partition component and collection assembly, and the air separating part includes air blower 410
With ventilation duct 420, the air blower is the conventional drum blower that can be bought in the market, and the air blower 410 is fixedly connected on powder
On broken case side wall, described 420 one end of ventilation duct is connected to air blower 410, and other end horizontal direction, which passes through, crushes tank wall；The separation
Component is including being first baffle 43, second baffle 44 made of metal, first partition 45, second partition 46 and third partition
47,43 width of first baffle and crush box are of same size, and first baffle is fixed on and crushes on chamber interior wall, the second gear
44 width of plate and crush box are of same size, and second baffle is fixed on and crushes on chamber interior wall, and the first partition 45 is fixed on the
One baffle, 43 right side, 46 length of second partition and second baffle are of same size, and second partition 46 is fixed on second baffle
Left side, the third partition 47 and second baffle 44 are of same size, and second partition 46 is fixed on 44 upper surface of second baffle, lead to
The cooperation for crossing three partitions and two baffles can be separated out three spaces, isolate material for being isolated, prevent from mixing again,
Influence disintegrate-quality；First bending section 451 and the second bending section 452 are arranged at the first partition 45 and 46 top of second partition,
First bending section 44 is bent outwardly by 45 upper end of first partition and is formed, and second bending section 452 is by the first bending section 451
It is bent downwardly to form, 46 shape of second partition and first partition 45 are identical；The first bending section 451, which is arranged, can prevent from crushing
Waste textile afterwards is suspended on the first, second partition, and the second bending section 452 of setting can both increase recycling range, is prevented
Not completely crushed waste textile is directly collected, and the second bending section of setting can also make the waste textile fallen on partition
It slides on splicing plate；The collection assembly crushes complete waste textile, including collecting pipe 48, roots blower for collecting
49 and collecting box 481, described 48 one end of collecting pipe is connected to crush box 1, and the other end is connected to collecting box 481, the roots blower 49
It is connected with collecting pipe 48, complete waste textile can will be crushed by roots blower 49 and be transported to collection out of crush box
The recovering mechanism includes splicing plate 51, discharge port 42, the second driving assembly of driving splicing plate shake, recycling plate
41, pushing material component and transport assembly, the splicing plate 51 are connect with 1 inner wall hinge of crush box, and in splicing plate 51 and crush box
Rubber layer 53 is equipped with above the interconnecting piece of inner wall, second driving assembly includes the cam 521 being set to below splicing plate, drives
The actuator of cam rotation, is fixed on the fixed plate 523 for crushing chamber interior wall and connection at the link block 522 being fixed on splicing plate
First elastic component 524 of fixed plate 523 and link block 522, the actuator select the conventional motor that can be bought in the market, institute
It states the first elastic component 524 and selects multiple groups spring, spring selects conventional metal spring, can make splicing by cam and elastic component
Plate teetertotters, and allows the material on splicing plate to slide into recycling plate, to prevent material accumulation on splicing plate；The cam
521 contact one end equipped with ball 5211 with splicing plate, and the splicing plate 51 is equipped with the first groove matched with ball 5211
511, ball and the first groove 511, which is arranged, both can reduce frictional force between cam and splicing plate to reduce the abrasion of cam, also
Cam can be made more steady when pushing splicing plate, increase the service life of device；The pushing material component includes being set in recycling plate 41
Turntable 60, the uniformly fixed link 61 on the turntable 60, the material brush 62 for being detachably connected in the fixed link 61, fixed material
The fixation member of brush 62 and the driving part of driving turntable rotation, the material brush 62 is hairbrush；It is engraved inside the fixed link 61
Sky drives the rotation of material brush by rotation turntable, material accumulation can be prevented in recycling plate with material brush to transport assembly.
The cleaning assembly for clearing up material brush is equipped in the recycling plate 41, the cleaning assembly includes being fixed on recycling
Second connecting plate 671 of 41 inner wall of plate, third elastic component 673, is equipped with the first connecting plate 672 for being fixed on recycling 41 inner wall of plate
The pressing plate 674 of threaded hole, the first spring anchor block 675 for being bolted in pressing plate 674, the second spring fixed block equipped with protrusion 676
677, two cleaner plates for being movably connected on the fixed block 678 being connected on the first connecting plate 672, being fixed on fixed block 678
679, the 4th elastic component 681 and ball-type pushing block 682, the third elastic component 673 select conventional metal spring, and described first connects
Fishplate bar 672 is equipped with cavity, and the second spring fixed block 677 can be connected in the inner cavity, and the 4th elastic component 681 is selected often
The metal spring of rule, the 4th elastic component one end and the second connecting plate are connected, and the other end and ball-type pushing block 682 are connected, the ball-type
Pushing block 682 is set to the inner cavity and contacts with the second fixed block 677, and first connecting plate 672 is equipped with the first extension 6721,
The fixed block 677 is equipped with and hinged second extension 6771 of the first extension 6721, second extension 6771
Equipped with the convex object 6772 of ball-type, first extension 6721 is equipped with the third groove 6722 matched with the convex object of ball-type and is arranged two
Cleaner plate can repeatedly clear up bristle, and cleaning effect is more preferable, and two cleaner plate cleanup areas are different, can prevent clear
Clean plate is once cleared up excessive and cleaner plate is caused to block；Cleaner plate is connect by fixed block with sliding panel, in cleaning material brush
In the process, under the effect of the elastic force of the thrust of material brush and third elastic component, cleaner plate can not stop to move up and down, so that being blocked in
Material in cleaner plate falls off, in order to avoid influence the cleaning effect of cleaner plate.
Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on
Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other
Embodiment should fall within the scope of the present invention.