CN109289993A - A kind of building materials grinding device - Google Patents

A kind of building materials grinding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109289993A
CN109289993A CN201811206302.9A CN201811206302A CN109289993A CN 109289993 A CN109289993 A CN 109289993A CN 201811206302 A CN201811206302 A CN 201811206302A CN 109289993 A CN109289993 A CN 109289993A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building materials
grinding
framework
gear
fixed
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Granted
Application number
CN201811206302.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109289993B (en
Inventor
金彬
常逸坤
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Taizhou Zhongli Construction Co.,Ltd.
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金彬
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Priority to CN201811206302.9A priority Critical patent/CN109289993B/en
Publication of CN109289993A publication Critical patent/CN109289993A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109289993B publication Critical patent/CN109289993B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C15/00Disintegrating by milling members in the form of rollers or balls co-operating with rings or discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/16Mills provided with vibrators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The invention belongs to field of engineering technology, specifically a kind of building materials grinding device, including framework and power unit, the motor upper end are fixed with second gear;The second gear and first gear are driven by power spring;The runner is divided into push plate and elastical cloth two parts, and push plate and elastical cloth are staggered, and each push plate passes through two struts and shaft is connected;Each push plate outer surface is fixed with fixed link;The fixed link is rotatably connected to crushing wheel far from one end of push plate;The first crushing tooth has been evenly arranged on the crushing wheel;The fixed plate inner wall has been evenly arranged the second crushing tooth;Grinding cabin is offered in the filter screen, inner wall is equipped with the grinding block being evenly arranged up and down in grinding cabin;The grinding cabin offers the filter opening being evenly arranged up and down;Operation of the present invention is simple, staff is facilitated to observe building materials crushes situation, building materials crush efficiency height and is hardly damaged.

Description

A kind of building materials grinding device
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of engineering technology, specifically a kind of building materials grinding device.
Background technique
Building materials are the general designations of material used in civil engineering and architectural engineering.Can be divided into structural material, ornament materials and Certain proprietary materials;Structural material includes timber, bamboo wood, stone material, cement, concrete, metal, brick and tile, ceramics, glass, engineering Plastics, composite material etc.;Ornament materials includes various coating, paint, coating, veneer, assorted ceramic tile, the glass with special-effect Glass etc..
Part building materials are crushed before use, the better effect of competence exertion, meanwhile, partial volume is biggish to be built Material waste material, convenient transportation after needing to crush, is used for other purposes.
Also occurs the technical solution of some building materials grinding devices in the prior art, such as application No. is 2016204987801 A Chinese patent disclose a kind of building materials processing disintegrating apparatus, including device housings, device housings upper end side It is provided with charging cover board, driving motor, the driving motor output end and driving wheel phase are provided on the device housings side Connection, the driving wheel drive driven wheel to be connected by belt, and the driven wheel side is connected with grating disk, the crushing It is provided with several stirring rods on the circumferencial direction of disk, is provided with tensioning spring between each described stirring rod and grating disk, Each described stirring rod is connected with crushing wheel, is provided with several crushing tooths on the crushing wheel circumferencial direction.
A kind of building materials processing disintegrating apparatus of the technical solution, it is invisible due to device in building materials crushing process Property, judgement of the staff to building materials degree of grinding is influenced, is only crushed by grating disk in crushing process, not can guarantee building materials It crushes thoroughly, the phenomenon that being easy to cause part building materials not crush, hardness when crushing crushes, and is easy to cause and crushes harder building materials When, device blocks, and building materials is caused to destroy grating disk and crust of the device.
Summary of the invention
In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, the crushing of solution building materials is not thorough, staff can not determine that building materials crush journey The problem of grinding device is easy when being easy to block and crush in degree, building materials crushing process, a kind of building materials powder proposed by the present invention Crushing device.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of building materials grinding device of the present invention, Including framework and power unit;The framework inner wall is equipped with rubber slab;The rubber slab circular ring shape design, and rubber slab outer wall pastes The setting of framework inner wall is closed, rubber slab inner wall is pasted with fixed plate;The fixed plate circular ring shape design;It is equipped with and turns in the framework Axis;The shaft is vertically arranged, and shaft upper end passes through framework upper surface;The shaft is connected to the first tooth in framework fixed sleeves Wheel;Runner is equipped in the fixed plate;The runner annular design, and shaft penetrates in runner, passes through with shaft inner wall multiple Strut connection;The runner is divided into push plate and elastical cloth two parts, and push plate and elastical cloth are staggered, and each push plate passes through Two struts and shaft are connected;Each push plate outer surface is fixed with fixed link;The one end of the fixed link far from push plate It is rotatably connected to crushing wheel;The first crushing tooth has been evenly arranged on the crushing wheel;The fixed plate inner wall has been evenly arranged Second crushing tooth;Second crushing tooth is meshed with the first crushing tooth;Between the runner upper surface and framework top inner wall Equipped with conical guard plate, enter in runner when preventing building materials from crushing;Filter screen is fixed between the rubber slab;The filtering Net is located at the lower section of runner;Jolting plate is equipped with below the filter screen;The jolting plate is bent downwardly design;At the top of the framework Offer feeding inlet;The framework bottom offers discharge port;Discharge nozzle is equipped in the discharge port;The discharge nozzle passes through shake Setting in the middle part of movable plate;When work, plate is put by feeding inlet, power unit drives first gear rotation, shaft rotation is driven, Runner is rotated by strut, to drive crushing wheel by fixed link, crushes the first crushing tooth on crushing wheel and second Tooth engagement crushes building materials in framework, and multiple crushing wheels can accelerate the crush efficiency of building materials, when strut drives runner rotation, Due to push plate and elastical cloth interlaced arrangement, when push plate is mobile, stretching and shrink elastical cloth in the process can be by elastical cloth surface Building materials bounce off, and accelerate building materials crush efficiency, and prevent building materials adhesion elastical cloth, lead to the reduction of building materials crush efficiency, after crushing Building materials by falling on jolting plate after filter screen filtration, collected by discharge port.
Preferably, the strut is divided into straight-bar and curved bar two parts;Straight-bar is located at both ends, is made of metal material, curved bar Between straight-bar, it is made of rubber material;The first gear lower surface is fixed with pressure ram;The framework upper surface is connected There is the first air bag;First gear rotation can drive pressure ram to squeeze and loosen the first air bag;Connection is offered in the strut The air flue of one air bag, the air flue in curved bar are biased to setting, keep the wall thickness of air flue or so curved bar unequal, and chimney width in curved bar Greater than chimney width in straight-bar;When work, first gear rotation drives pressure ram intermittence to squeeze and loosen the first air bag, makes First air bag is inflated to air flue and air-breathing, and since curved bar is made of rubber material, and wall thickness differs, in inflation and air-breathing When, the relatively thin side of wall thickness can expand and shrink, and push strut and pull push plate, to be pushed and be drawn to crushing wheel Dynamic, the movement of crushing wheel keeps crushing more thorough, accelerates the crush efficiency of building materials.
Preferably, the power unit includes motor;The motor is fixed on framework outer wall;The motor be vertically arranged and Rotation axis is upward;The motor upper end is fixed with second gear;The second gear and first gear are driven by power spring; When work, motor rotation drives second gear, by engaging for second gear and power spring, drives power spring, by the One gear is engaged with power spring, is driven first gear rotation, power is provided for device, due to the elasticity of power spring, powder When blocking case occurs in broken wheel, power spring provides buffering for motor, and stopping operating suddenly for motor is effectively prevent to lead to motor It burns, meanwhile, power spring can prevent second gear and first gear takes off tooth and skidding, effectively increase first gear and the second tooth The service life of wheel.
Preferably, the first cavity being evenly arranged is equipped in the rubber slab;When work, the setting of the first cavity, in powder Broken wheel can provide buffering during crushing building materials, and crushing wheel is effectively prevent to occur blocking showing of not turning when crushing harder building materials As, while can prevent building materials from generating destruction to framework and rubber slab.
Preferably, the filter screen is bent upwards design and is made of rubber material;It is offered in the rubber slab uniformly Second cavity of arrangement;Second cavity is located at rubber slab and filter screen connecting place, and the second cavity is connected with the first cavity It is logical;When work, crushing wheel, which crushes building materials, can squeeze and loosen the first cavity, and the second cavity is inflated and is deflated, makes second Expandable cavity and contraction while filter screen vibration can prevent filter opening from blocking, are accelerated to crush complete so that filter screen be driven to shake Building materials filtering.
Preferably, grinding cabin is offered in the filter screen, inner wall is equipped with the grinding block being evenly arranged up and down in grinding cabin;Institute It states grinding cabin and offers the filter opening being evenly arranged up and down;Due to the setting that is bent upwards of filter screen, and filter screen is that rubber is soft Material is made, and when bending, filter opening deformation makes the size for grinding filter opening above cabin be greater than lower section filter opening, and building materials is facilitated to pass through top Filter opening enters grinding cabin, drives grinding block vibration by the vibration of filter screen, grinds to building materials, the plate after grinding passes through The discharge of lower section filter opening, vibration grinding effectively prevent filter opening blocking, accelerates filter efficiency, while it is more thorough that building materials can be made to crush.
Preferably, the second air bag being evenly arranged is fixed between the jolting plate lower surface and framework inner wall;Every two Spring is equipped between second air bag;The spring is fixed between jolting plate and framework inner wall;Second air bag offers Air inlet and air outlet, air inlet are connected to the external world by check valve, and gas outlet is connected to rubber slab inner wall by conduit;Work When, the building materials after filter screen filtration fall to vibration plate surface, shake jolting plate, squeeze and loosen the second air bag, to rubber Plate surface is blown, and device interior air-flow is flowed, and while can be to cooling down in device, accelerates building materials crush efficiency.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
1. a kind of building materials grinding device of the present invention, by the way that first gear, shaft, strut, crushing wheel, first is arranged Cabin and the second crushing tooth are crushed, first gear rotation is driven by power unit, drives shaft rotation, turns runner by strut It is dynamic, to drive crushing wheel by fixed link, keep the first crushing tooth on crushing wheel and the second crushing tooth engagement built-in to framework Material is crushed, and multiple crushing wheels can accelerate the crush efficiency of building materials, when strut drives runner rotation, due to push plate and elastical cloth Interlaced arrangement, when push plate is mobile, stretching and shrinking elastical cloth in the process can bounce off the building materials on elastical cloth surface, accelerate building materials Crush efficiency, and building materials adhesion elastical cloth is prevented, lead to the reduction of building materials crush efficiency.
2. a kind of building materials grinding device of the present invention passes through first by setting pressure ram, the first air bag and strut Gear rotation, drives pressure ram intermittence to squeeze and loosen the first air bag, is inflated the first air bag to air flue and air-breathing, by It is made in curved bar of rubber material, and wall thickness differs, in inflation and air-breathing, the relatively thin side of wall thickness can expand and shrink, and make Strut pushes and pulls push plate, to be pushed and be pulled to crushing wheel, the movement of crushing wheel keeps crushing more thorough, accelerates The crush efficiency of building materials.
3. a kind of building materials grinding device of the present invention passes through electricity by setting motor, second gear and power spring Machine rotation drives second gear rotation, by engaging for second gear and power spring, drives power spring, passes through the first tooth Wheel is engaged with power spring, is driven first gear rotation, power is provided for device, due to the elasticity of power spring, crushing wheel When there is blocking case, power spring provides buffering for motor, effectively prevent stopping operating suddenly for motor that motor is caused to burn, Meanwhile power spring can prevent second gear and first gear from taking off tooth and skidding, effectively increase first gear and second gear Service life.
4. a kind of building materials grinding device of the present invention passes through the first cavity of setting, the second cavity, filter screen and discharging Mouthful, the first cavity can be squeezed and loosen by crushing building materials by crushing wheel, and the second cavity is inflated and is deflated, makes the second cavity Expansion and contraction while filter screen vibration can prevent filter opening from blocking, are accelerated to crush and completely be built so that filter screen be driven to shake Material filtering, due to the setting that is bent upwards of filter screen, and filter screen is made of rubber soft material, and when bending, filter opening, which deforms, to be made The size for grinding filter opening above cabin is greater than lower section filter opening size, facilitates building materials to enter grinding cabin by top filter opening, passes through filtering The vibration of net drives grinding block vibration, grinds to building materials, and the plate after grinding is discharged by lower section filter opening, and vibration grinding has Effect prevents filter opening blocking, accelerates filter efficiency, while it is more thorough that building materials can be made to crush, meanwhile, the setting of the first cavity is crushing Wheel can provide buffering during crushing building materials, and crushing wheel is effectively prevent to occur blocking the phenomenon that not turning when crushing harder building materials, It can prevent building materials from generating destruction to framework and rubber slab simultaneously, and the building materials after crushing completely are discharged by discharge port, facilitate work Make personnel and observes building materials crushing situation.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is main view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is top view of the invention;
Fig. 3 is cross-sectional view at A-A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is partial enlarged view at B in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is filter screen cross-sectional view in Fig. 1;
In figure: framework 1, rubber slab 11, the first cavity 111, the second cavity 112, fixed plate 12, shaft 13, first gear 14, the second crushing tooth 15, pressure ram 16, feeding inlet 17, discharge port 18, discharge nozzle 19, runner 2, push plate 21, elastical cloth 22, solid Fixed pole 23, crushing wheel 24, the first crushing tooth 25, protective plate 26, strut 3, straight-bar 31, curved bar 32, the first air bag 33, air flue 34, Motor 41, second gear 42, power spring 43, filter screen 5, grinding cabin 51, filter opening 52, grinding block 53, jolting plate 6, the second gas Capsule 61, spring 62.
Specific embodiment
In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of building materials grinding device, including framework 1 and power unit 4;1 inner wall of framework is set There is rubber slab 11;11 circular ring shape of the rubber slab design, and 11 outer wall of rubber slab fitting 1 inner wall of framework is arranged, in rubber slab 11 Wall is pasted with fixed plate 12;12 circular ring shape of the fixed plate design;Shaft 13 is equipped in the framework 1;The shaft 13 is vertical Setting, and 13 upper end of shaft passes through 1 upper surface of framework;The shaft 13 is connected to first gear 14 in 1 fixed sleeves of framework;It is described Runner 2 is equipped in fixed plate 12;2 annular design of runner, and shaft 13 penetrates in runner 2, passes through with 13 inner wall of shaft more A strut 3 connects;The runner 2 divides for 22 two parts of push plate 21 and elastical cloth, and push plate 21 and elastical cloth 22 are staggered, often A push plate 21 is connected by two struts 3 and shaft 13;Each 21 outer surface of the push plate is fixed with fixed link 23;It is described The one end of fixed link 23 far from push plate 21 is rotatably connected to crushing wheel 24;The first crushing has been evenly arranged on the crushing wheel 24 Tooth 25;12 inner wall of fixed plate has been evenly arranged the second crushing tooth 15;Second crushing tooth 15 and 25 phase of the first crushing tooth Engagement;It is equipped with conical guard plate 26 between 2 upper surface of runner and 1 top inner wall of framework, enters when preventing building materials from crushing In runner 2;Filter screen 5 is fixed between the rubber slab 11;The filter screen 5 is located at the lower section of runner 2;The filter screen 5 Lower section is equipped with jolting plate 6;The jolting plate 6 is bent downwardly design;Feeding inlet 17 is offered at the top of the framework 1;The framework 1 Bottom offers discharge port 18;Discharge nozzle 19 is equipped in the discharge port 18;The discharge nozzle 19 passes through to be set in the middle part of jolting plate 6 It sets;When work, plate is put by feeding inlet 17, power unit 4 drives first gear 14 to rotate, and shaft 13 is driven to rotate, and leads to Crossing strut 3 rotates runner 2, to drive crushing wheel 24 by fixed link 23, make the first crushing tooth 25 on crushing wheel 24 with The engagement of second crushing tooth 15 crushes building materials in framework 1, and multiple crushing wheels 24 can accelerate the crush efficiency of building materials, strut 3 When runner 2 being driven to rotate, due to push plate 21 and 22 interlaced arrangement of elastical cloth, when push plate 21 is mobile, elastical cloth 22 is stretched and shrinks, In the process, the building materials on 22 surface of elastical cloth can be bounced off, accelerates building materials crush efficiency, and prevent building materials adhesion elastical cloth 22, Lead to the reduction of building materials crush efficiency, smashed building materials are fallen on jolting plate 6 after filtering by filter screen 5, pass through discharge port 18 It collects.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the strut 3 divides for 32 two parts of straight-bar 31 and curved bar;Straight-bar 31 is located at Both ends are made of metal material, and curved bar 32 is made between straight-bar 31 of rubber material;14 lower surface of first gear It is fixed with pressure ram 16;1 upper surface of framework is fixed with the first air bag 33;The rotation of first gear 14 can drive pressure ram 16 to squeeze Press and loosen the first air bag 33;The air flue 34 of the first air bag 33 of connection is offered in the strut 3, the air flue 34 in curved bar 32 is inclined To setting, keep the wall thickness of 34 or so curved bar 32 of air flue unequal, and 34 width of air flue is greater than air flue 34 in straight-bar 31 in curved bar 32 Width;When work, first gear 14 is rotated, and is driven pressure ram 16 is intermittent to squeeze and loosen the first air bag 33, is made the first air bag 33 pairs of air flues 34 are inflated and air-breathing, and since curved bar 32 is made of rubber material, and wall thickness differs, in inflation and air-breathing, The relatively thin side of wall thickness can expand and shrink, and push strut 3 and pull push plate 21, so that crushing wheel 24 is pushed and be drawn Dynamic, the movement of crushing wheel 24 keeps crushing more thorough, accelerates the crush efficiency of building materials.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the power unit 4 includes motor 41;The motor 41 is fixed on framework 1 outer wall;The motor 41 is vertically arranged and rotation axis is upward;41 upper end of motor is fixed with second gear 42;Described second Gear 42 is driven with first gear 14 by power spring 43;When work, motor 41 is rotated, and drives second gear 42, by the Two gears 42 are engaged with power spring 43, drive power spring 43, pass through engaging for first gear 14 and power spring 43, band Dynamic first gear 14 rotates, and provides power for device, due to the elasticity of power spring 43, when there is blocking case in crushing wheel 24, Power spring 43 is that motor 41 provides buffering, effectively prevent stopping operating suddenly for motor 41 that motor 41 is caused to burn, meanwhile, it moves Power spring 43 can prevent second gear 42 and first gear 14 from taking off tooth and skidding, effectively increase first gear 14 and second gear 42 Service life.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the first cavity 111 being evenly arranged is equipped in the rubber slab 11;Work When, the setting of the first cavity 111 can provide buffering during crushing wheel 24 crushes building materials, effectively prevent crushing wheel 24 in powder Occur blocking the phenomenon that not turning when broken harder building materials, while can prevent building materials from generating destruction to framework 1 and rubber slab 11.
As one embodiment of the present invention, the filter screen 5 is bent upwards design and is made of rubber material;It is described The second cavity 112 being evenly arranged is offered in rubber slab 11;Second cavity 112 is located at 5 phase of rubber slab 11 and filter screen At even, and the second cavity 112 is connected with the first cavity 111;When work, crushing wheel 24, which crushes building materials, can squeeze and loosen first Cavity 111 is inflated and deflates to the second cavity 112, and the second cavity 112 is made to expand and shrink, so that filter screen 5 be driven to shake It is dynamic, while the vibration of filter screen 5 can prevent filter opening 52 from blocking, accelerate to crush complete building materials filtering.
As one embodiment of the present invention, grinding cabin 51 is offered in the filter screen 5, grinds about 51 inner wall of cabin Equipped with the grinding block 53 being evenly arranged;About 51 cabin of grinding offers the filter opening 52 being evenly arranged;When work, due to mistake Strainer 5 is bent upwards setting, and filter screen 5 is made of rubber soft material, and when bending, the deformation of filter opening 52 makes to grind on cabin 51 The size of square filter opening 52 is greater than lower section filter opening 52, facilitates building materials to enter grinding cabin 51 by top filter opening 52, passes through filter screen 5 Vibration drives grinding block 53 to shake, and grinds to building materials, and the plate after grinding is discharged by lower section filter opening 52, and vibration grinding has Effect prevents the blocking of filter opening 52, accelerates filter efficiency, while it is more thorough that building materials can be made to crush.
As one embodiment of the present invention, uniform cloth is fixed between 6 lower surface of jolting plate and 1 inner wall of framework The second air bag 61 set;Spring 62 is equipped between the second air bag of every two 61;The spring 62 is fixed on jolting plate 6 and framework Between 1 inner wall;Second air bag 61 offers air inlet and air outlet, and air inlet is connected to extraneous, gas outlet by check valve 11 inner wall of rubber slab is connected to by conduit;When work, the filtered building materials of filter screen 5 fall to 6 surface of jolting plate, make to shake Plate 6 shakes, and squeezes and loosens the second air bag 61, blow to 11 surface of rubber slab, flows device interior air-flow, can be to device While inside cooling, accelerate building materials crush efficiency.
When work, plate is put by feeding inlet 17, motor 41 rotates, and drives second gear 42, passes through second gear 42 With engaging for power spring 43, power spring 43 is driven, passes through engaging for first gear 14 and power spring 43, the first tooth of drive 14 rotation of wheel, provides power for device, due to the elasticity of power spring 43, when there is blocking case in crushing wheel 24, and power spring 43 provide buffering for motor 41, effectively prevent stopping operating suddenly for motor 41 that motor 41 is caused to burn, meanwhile, power spring 43 It can prevent second gear 42 and first gear 14 from taking off tooth and skidding, effectively increase the use longevity of first gear 14 and second gear 42 Life;First gear 14 rotates, and shaft 13 is driven to rotate, and rotates runner 2 by strut 3, to drive powder by fixed link 23 Broken wheel 24, engages the first crushing tooth 25 on crushing wheel 24 with the second crushing tooth 15 and crushes to building materials in framework 1, multiple Crushing wheel 24 can accelerate the crush efficiency of building materials, when strut 3 drives runner 2 to rotate, since push plate 21 and elastical cloth 22 interlock cloth It sets, when push plate 21 is mobile, stretching and shrinking elastical cloth 22 in the process can bounce off the building materials on 22 surface of elastical cloth, accelerate building materials Crush efficiency, and building materials adhesion elastical cloth 22 is prevented, lead to the reduction of building materials crush efficiency, first gear 14 rotates, and drives and squeezes Compression bar 16 is intermittent to be squeezed and loosens the first air bag 33, is inflated the first air bag 33 to air flue 34 and air-breathing, due to curved bar 32 are made of rubber material, and wall thickness differs, and in inflation and air-breathing, the relatively thin side of wall thickness can expand and shrink, and make strut 3 It pushes and pulls push plate 21, so that crushing wheel 24 is pushed and be pulled, the movement of crushing wheel 24 makes to crush more thorough, quickening The crush efficiencies of building materials;Smashed building materials are filtered by filter screen 5, and crushing wheel 24, which crushes building materials, can squeeze and loosen first Cavity 111 is inflated and deflates to the second cavity 112, and the second cavity 112 is made to expand and shrink, so that filter screen 5 be driven to shake It is dynamic, while the vibration of filter screen 5 can prevent filter opening 52 from blocking, accelerate to crush complete building materials filtering;Filter screen 5 is filtered to be built Material falls to 6 surface of jolting plate, shakes jolting plate 6, squeezes and loosen the second air bag 61, blow 11 surface of rubber slab Gas flows device interior air-flow, while can be to cooling down in device, accelerates building materials crush efficiency, falls on jolting plate 6 Building materials are collected by discharge port 18.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe originals of the invention Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes and improvements It all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent circle It is fixed.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of building materials grinding device, including framework (1) and power unit (4);It is characterized by: framework (1) inner wall is set There are rubber slab (11);Rubber slab (11) the circular ring shape design, and fitting framework (1) the inner wall setting of rubber slab (11) outer wall, rubber Offset plate (11) inner wall is pasted with fixed plate (12);Fixed plate (12) the circular ring shape design;Shaft is equipped in the framework (1) (13);The shaft (13) is vertically arranged, and shaft (13) upper end passes through framework (1) upper surface;The shaft (13) is in framework (1) fixed sleeves are connected to first gear (14);Runner (2) are equipped in the fixed plate (12);Runner (2) annular design, And shaft (13) penetrates in runner (2), is connect with shaft (13) inner wall by multiple struts (3);The runner (2) is divided into push plate (21) and elastical cloth (22) two parts, and push plate (21) and elastical cloth (22) are staggered, and each push plate (21) passes through two Strut (3) and shaft (13) are connected;The each push plate (21) outer surface is fixed with fixed link (23);The fixed link (23) One end far from push plate (21) is rotatably connected to crushing wheel (24);The first crushing tooth has been evenly arranged on the crushing wheel (24) (25);Fixed plate (12) inner wall has been evenly arranged the second crushing tooth (15);Second crushing tooth (15) crushes with first Tooth (25) is meshed;Conical guard plate (26) are equipped between runner (2) upper surface and framework (1) top inner wall, are prevented Building materials enter when crushing in runner (2);Filter screen (5) are fixed between the rubber slab (11);The filter screen (5), which is located at, to be turned Take turns the lower section of (2);Jolting plate (6) are equipped with below the filter screen (5);The jolting plate (6) is bent downwardly design;The framework (1) top offers feeding inlet (17);Framework (1) bottom offers discharge port (18);It is equipped in the discharge port (18) Discharge nozzle (19);The discharge nozzle (19) passes through setting in the middle part of jolting plate (6);Power unit (4) provides power, makes first gear (14) it rotates, drives shaft (13) to rotate runner (2) by strut (3), to drive crushing wheel (24) built-in to framework (1) Material is crushed, and multiple crushing wheels (24) can accelerate the crush efficiency of building materials, and strut (3) drives runner (2) rotation, passes through push plate (21) rotation stretches and shrinks elastical cloth (22), can bounce off the building materials on elastical cloth (22) surface, accelerates building materials and crushes effect Rate, smashed building materials are fallen on jolting plate (6) after being filtered by filter screen (5), are collected by discharge port (18).
2. a kind of building materials grinding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the strut (3) is divided into straight-bar (31) With curved bar (32) two parts;Straight-bar (31) is located at both ends, is made of metal material, and curved bar (32) is located between straight-bar (31), is Rubber material is made;First gear (14) lower surface is fixed with pressure ram (16);Framework (1) upper surface is fixed with One air bag (33);First gear (14) rotation can drive pressure ram (16) to squeeze and loosen the first air bag (33);The strut (3) The air flue (34) of connection the first air bag (33) is inside offered, the air flue (34) in curved bar (32) is biased to setting, keeps air flue (34) left The wall thickness of right curved bar (32) is unequal, and curved bar (32) interior air flue (34) width is greater than straight-bar (31) interior air flue (34) width;The One gear (14) rotation, the extruding of the first air bag (33) and loosens, is inflated to air flue (34), makes curved bar (32) interior air flue (34) it expands and shrinks, crushing wheel (24) is pushed and shunk, crush building materials more thorough, accelerate crush efficiency.
3. a kind of building materials grinding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the power unit (4) includes motor (41);The motor (41) is fixed on framework (1) outer wall;The motor (41) is vertically arranged and rotation axis is upward;The motor (41) upper end is fixed with second gear (42);The second gear (42) and first gear (14) are passed by power spring (43) It is dynamic;Motor (41) rotation drives first gear (14) to provide power for device by power spring (43), and power spring (43) passes Moving, which can effectively prevent device to block, causes motor (41) to burn.
4. a kind of building materials grinding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped in the rubber slab (11) uniform The first cavity (111) of arrangement;Buffering can be provided for the crushing of building materials, prevent harder building materials when crushing, to framework (1) and rubber Offset plate (11) generates destruction.
5. a kind of building materials grinding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the filter screen (5), which is bent upwards, to be set It counts and is made of rubber material;The second cavity (112) being evenly arranged is offered in the rubber slab (11);Second cavity (112) it is located at rubber slab (11) and filter screen (5) connecting place, and the second cavity (112) is connected with the first cavity (111);Powder Broken wheel (24), which crushes building materials, can squeeze and loosen the first cavity (111), thus pass through the contraction and expansion of the second cavity (112), Filter screen (5) vibration is driven, complete building materials filtering will be crushed.
6. a kind of building materials grinding device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: offer and grind in the filter screen (5) It grinds cabin (51), inner wall is equipped with the grinding block (53) being evenly arranged up and down for grinding cabin (51);The grinding cabin (51) opens up up and down There is the filter opening (52) being evenly arranged;The bending of filter screen (5) is arranged, under being greater than the size for grinding filter opening (52) above cabin (51) Square filter opening (52) makes building materials enter grinding cabin (51) by top filter opening (52), by the vibration of filter screen (5), to building materials into It is discharged after row grinding by lower section filter opening (52), vibration grinding effectively prevent filter opening (52) to block, while building materials can be made to crush more Thoroughly.
7. a kind of building materials grinding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: jolting plate (6) lower surface and frame The second air bag (61) being evenly arranged is fixed between body (1) inner wall;Spring is equipped between the second air bag of every two (61) (62);The spring (62) is fixed between jolting plate (6) and framework (1) inner wall;Second air bag (61) offers air inlet Mouth and gas outlet, air inlet are connected to the external world by check valve, and gas outlet is connected to rubber slab (11) inner wall by conduit;Filter screen (5) filtered building materials fall to jolting plate (6) surface, shake jolting plate (6), squeeze and loosen the second air bag (61), can While to cooling down in device, accelerate building materials crush efficiency.
CN201811206302.9A 2018-10-17 2018-10-17 Building materials reducing mechanism Active CN109289993B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110314842A (en) * 2019-07-20 2019-10-11 宿州市金鼎安全技术股份有限公司 A kind of mine ore screening machine
CN110721897A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-01-24 桂林理工大学 Building rubbish burns raw materials sieving mechanism for haydite

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JPH08155321A (en) * 1994-12-06 1996-06-18 Harutoshi Suzuki Screen roller mill
CN103567050A (en) * 2013-06-16 2014-02-12 徐春云 Underground hydraulic coal-gangue separation equipment
CN103611604A (en) * 2013-12-08 2014-03-05 湖南中宏重型机器有限公司 Stress-applying hammer wheel of vertical type ring mill
CN104353520A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-02-18 昆山铄铝机电设备有限公司 Sesame grinder
CN204352938U (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-05-27 一重集团大连设计研究院有限公司 A kind of horizontal roll grinder is exerted pressure grinding device
CN205672985U (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-11-09 杭州翼兔网络科技有限公司 A kind of building materials processing disintegrating apparatus
CN206762996U (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-12-19 昆明云朗硬质合成技术有限公司 A kind of rubber crusher combined polishing disc

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08155321A (en) * 1994-12-06 1996-06-18 Harutoshi Suzuki Screen roller mill
CN103567050A (en) * 2013-06-16 2014-02-12 徐春云 Underground hydraulic coal-gangue separation equipment
CN103611604A (en) * 2013-12-08 2014-03-05 湖南中宏重型机器有限公司 Stress-applying hammer wheel of vertical type ring mill
CN104353520A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-02-18 昆山铄铝机电设备有限公司 Sesame grinder
CN204352938U (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-05-27 一重集团大连设计研究院有限公司 A kind of horizontal roll grinder is exerted pressure grinding device
CN205672985U (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-11-09 杭州翼兔网络科技有限公司 A kind of building materials processing disintegrating apparatus
CN206762996U (en) * 2017-05-05 2017-12-19 昆明云朗硬质合成技术有限公司 A kind of rubber crusher combined polishing disc

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110314842A (en) * 2019-07-20 2019-10-11 宿州市金鼎安全技术股份有限公司 A kind of mine ore screening machine
CN110314842B (en) * 2019-07-20 2021-10-29 宿州市金鼎安全技术股份有限公司 Ore sieve separator is used in mine
CN110721897A (en) * 2019-09-19 2020-01-24 桂林理工大学 Building rubbish burns raw materials sieving mechanism for haydite

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